OF THE CITY IN THE TIME OF KING GEORGE THE SECOND.
George the Second, King of Great Britain, &c. was magnificently
crowned, with his royal consort, Queen Caroline, on the 11th of
In 1728, was renewed and published the Table to show what
Habits the right worshipful Mr. Mayor, Justices, Sheriffs, and
Aldermen of the city of Norwich, and such as have been Sheriffs, are to wear upon all festival days, and at other meetings.
On Christmas day, the mayor justices, and aldermen,in scarlet; the
sheriffs in violet: and in the afternoon, the mayor and justices in
cloaks of justice.
The same on Twelfth day; (when Mr. Anguish's commemoration
sermon is at St. Edmund's in the afternoon;) Palm-Sunday, Easterday, Wednesday in Easter week, (when the court is at St. Helen's
church in the afternoon:) Ascension-day, (at Archbishop Parker's
commemoration;) Whit-Sunday, Trinity-fair-day, (to go at 10 o'clock
through the fair in procession;) Trinity Sunday, and Sunday in
assize week, (to wait on the judges.)
The mayor in scarlet, the justices, sheriffs, and aldermen in black,
on St. Stephen's, St. John's, and Innocent's days, St. Matthias (fn. 1) and
Midsummer days, if Sundays.
The mayor in scarlet, the justices, sheriffs, and aldermen in violet,
on New-year's day, (fn. 2) Easter Monday, Whitsun Monday, St. George's
even and Holy-mass day, if Sunday.
Mr. mayor, justices, sheriffs, and aldermen in black, on the 30th
of January, Good-Friday, Rogation Sunday, Monday, (fn. 3) Tuesday and
Mr. mayor in violet, the justices, sheriffs, and aldermen in black, on
Candlemas day, Easter Tuesday, and Whitsun Tuesday.
The mayor, and justices in scarlet, the sheriff's and aldermen in
violet, on May day, (fn. 4) and Michaelmas day.
The mayor and aldermen in scarlet, and the justices to have their
scarlet cloaks brought to the New-hall before morning, at St.
George's feast, or the gild-day.
The mayor in velvet, the justices and aldermen in scarlet, the
sheriffs in violet, on the 29th of May, the coronation day, and the 5th
The mayor in scarlet, justices and sheriffs in violet, and aldermen
in black, on the last Tuesday in Aug. (fn. 5)
At sessions, the mayor, the three first days in scarlet, the justices
and sheriffs in violet.
On court days the mayor and sheriffs in their gowns.
Commemoration sermons, at which the court attend, besides those
mentioned, are, Sir John Pettus's at St. Simon and Jude's church, in
the afternoon, on the first Sunday in August.
Sir Joseph Payne's at St. Gregory's, August 19, once in seven years;
preached in 1738.
Mr. Maultby's at St. Mary's, October 28, in the afternoon.
Lady Suckling's at St. Andrew's on Friday after St. Simon and
Sir John Suckling's there the Sunday after.
Mr. Codd's at St. Peter's per Montergate, on Sunday before St.
The mayor and justices to wear English gowns faced with furs,
from Holy-mass to May day.
When the mayor and aldermen wear scarlet, such as have been
sheriffs wear violet; but when the aldermen wear violet, such as have
been sheriffs wear black.
At assemblies, the mayor and aldermen are to wear their gowns,
and such as have been sheriffs are to be in English gowns and silk
tippits, and all the commoners in their gowns and hoods.
And whenever the mayor, justices, and aldermen wear scarlet, the
sword, cap of maintenance, and maces are to be born.
In 1729, was an act passed for the better regulating of elections
in the city of Norwich, and for preserving the peace, good order, and
government of the said city, which took place April 25, 1730, by
which it which it was enacted, that at every election for burgesses
in parliament, every one that votes must swear, that he hath been
admitted to his freedom 12 kalendar months before that election, and
that he hath not been polled at that election before, or (in case of an
election for two members) but for one person.
And in all elections for mayor or sheriffs, instead of the oath required in the act made in the 9th of George I. each shall swear, that
he hath not only been a freeman as aforesaid, but that for six kalendar months last past, he hath been an inhabitant within the liberties
And in elections for aldermen or common-council-men, each man
shall swear, that for six kalendar months last past (he) hath been an
inhabitant within the ward for which the election is.
And all persons in work-houses, hospitals, or prisons, are to poll in
that ward in which they inhabited the last six kalendar months
before their entering such places, the truth of which they must also
And if any refuse to take such oaths, which are to be administered
by the mayor, his deputy, or such sworn clerks as shall be by himself
or deputy appointed, such person's votes are to be rejected and disallowed.
In all elections a check, and one of the sworn clerks, shall be admitted to the common gaol, to take the votes of those confined there,
and the sheriffs, gaoler, or prison keepers, are to admit them for that
purpose, under 50l. penalty for refusal.
At all elections, every person, if required by any one of the clerks
at any poll, must first take the oaths appointed by the act of 1 George I.
or else their vote to be disallowed, and the presiding officer or the
sworn clerks refusing to administer such oaths, forfeit 50l. besides
costs of suit.
And if any person takes the oaths appointed by this present act,
wilfully, falsely, and corruptly, if they be convicted by information or
indictment, they shall incur all such penalties as persons convicted of
wilful corrupt perjury are liable to by common law.
There are to be no more than three common-council-men for each
great ward yearly elected by the freemen, upon the days appointed
by the charters, and the three so elected for each great ward, or
the major part of them, shall within 48 hours after their elections, or
within six days after such scrutiny as shall be demanded on their
polls are finished, upon notice thereof from the mayor or his deputy,
elect and fill up the remaining number of common council-men, directed to be elected by the charters of the said city, for each great
ward, under 50l. penalty, and all such named by the three are to be
as effectually common council-men, as if elected by all freemen; and if
any person elected by the common council as aforesaid, shall refuse to
serve, or happen to die, the three common council-men entered in the
assembly book for that ward where such vacancy is, who shall be then
living, shall in 48 hours after notice from the mayor, &c. fill up such
vacancy by electing others to serve in their stead the rest of the year.
The mayor, or his deputy, appointed under his hand and seal, or
in case of the mayor's death, the surviving justice of the peace, who
last served the office of mayor, shall be the presiding officer at
every election of mayor, sheriffs, aldermen, and common council-men,
and of such scrutinies as shall be demanded thereupon.
And no person shall be subject to be elected into the office of
sheriff of the city of Norwich, who is not an inhabitant thereof, at
the time of such election.
No act, order, or ordinance whatsoever, at any time from
and after the 25th day of April, 1730, shall be made or passed in the
common council or assembly of the representative body of the said
city, without the assent of the mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen present
at such common council or assemby, or the major part of them, nor
without the assent of the commons present at such common council or
assembly, or the major part of them.
The Mayor elect, and the mayor for the time being, to nominate
and appoint, for the time of his mayoralty, a sword-bearer, two
ward officers, and such other inferior officers, as have been customary
for them to nominate and elect.
The mayor shall summon the sheriffs, aldermen, and common council-men, to meet at the quarterly assemblies according to custom, and
if one of the sheriffs, and the major part of the aldermen or common
council-men, shall neglect to meet at the Gild-hall at the time appointed for holding an assembly upon notice left in writing at their
several houses 24 hours before the time fixed, each so absenting shall
forfeit 5s. over and above such prosecutions as they may be subject to
by law, and one of them that shall depart from any assembly without
consent of the mayor, shall forfeit 10s. to be paid to the chamberlain
for the city, over and above such prosecutions as they may be subject
to by law.
All penalties (except the 5s. and 10s.) shall be recovered by action
of debt in any of his Majesty's court of record at Westminster, in the
name of the chamberlain of the city, and when recovered, shall be for
the benefit of the city, and the 5s. and 10s. shall be levied by distress
and sale of the offender's goods, by warrant of two justices of peace of
the said city, and paid to the chamberlain, returning the overplus, if
any be, to the offenders.
The act is to be taken and deemed a publick act, and be judicially
taken notice of as such by all judges, justices, and courts whatsoever,
without specially pleading the same.
In 1730, the right honourable the Lord Lynn, lord lieutenant for
the county of Norfolk, and county and city of Norwich, sent down
new commissions for Capt. Balderstone, and the rest of the officers of
the artillery company.
In 1731, the market place began to be new paved.
October 30, a large sturgeon taken in a poor fisherman's nets at
Sheringham, was brought hither, being 12 feet long; the liver weighed
five stone and an half.
At the quarterly assembly, on St. Matthias's day, were 161 persons
admitted and sworn freemen, and a committee appointed for that
purpose, reported that they had treated with St. George's company,
who agreed to resign their books, charters, and records, into the hands
of the city, which was done, and that company's power suspended,
and the following procession agreed upon for the gild day, (fn. 6) instead of
the said company's viz.
At nine in the morning, the sheriffs, justices, and aldermen,
shall attend the new-elect mayor at his house, and with him wait on
the old mayor, and go thence to the Gild-hall, where the common
council are to be ready in their black gowns, whence they are all to
proceed to the cathedral as follows.
Two trumpeters, a standard-bearer, two blue-coat officers with staves,
the common council-men as elected for the great wards two abreast,
the speaker of the commons alone, a standard, the city musick, the city
officers,the mayor and mayor-elect, the recorder and steward,
the justices, the sheriff's, and aldermen, all in their usual habits, the
whole being closed by four sheriff's officers.
After divine service, they are to proceed from the cathedral in like
manner (the orator and speech boys following the court) to the
Gild-hall, and after the mayor is there sworn, they are to go in manner aforesaid to the New-hall, where before dinner (if there be time)
the orator and speech boys are each to make their speech, and after
the feast, the justices, sheriffs, aldermen, and common council-men (following then the aldermen) are first to attend the new mayor home,
and then the old mayor.
And the company of the feast of the mayor, sheriffs, citizens, and
common-council, commonly called St. George's Company, being
laid aside, together with the procession on the day of swearing the
mayor, it was ordered, that for the future, every mayor should be
excused making a gild breakfast, and holding any mayor's feasts in
May or August, and that in lieu thereof, the new-elect-mayor shall
make a feast on the day he is sworn at the New-hall, and there entertain the recorder, steward, sheriffs, justices, aldermen, and their ladies,
and common council-men; and every mayor that makes such a feast,
he, his executors, or administrators, shall be entituled to an allowance or grant of one hundred pounds, to be paid by the chamberlain
of the city, immediately after making the said feast, and the further
sum of 50l. shall be paid by the chamberlain to such person as shall
be mayor of the city on Christmas day next ensuing such feast.
This year, 487l. 5s. 4d. was collected in the city, for the sufferers
by fire in Blandford, Tiverton, and Ramsey.
In 1732, there was great damage done by mad dogs, many beasts
perishing thereby; Mr. Reeve of St. Peter's of Hungate died by a
bite of his favourite dog, as was said. The year was very sickly.
Sherer's Cross, commonly called Charing Cross, (fn. 7) which was a
neat ancient stone pillar, was taken down this year, and the market
cross also. (fn. 8)
A new silk damask gown was bought by the corporation, to be
worn by the speaker of the common council, on all publick occasions,
and was first worn on the gild-day, by Mr. Tho. Johnson, then common
In 1733, July 11, at an assembly then held, the right honourable
Sir Robert Walpole was complimented with his freedom, and sworn in
person in the Gild-hall, and was then presented by the mayor with
the copy of his freedom in a gold-box, after which he made a short
speech, thanked them for the honour they had done him, and assured
them of his endeavours at all times to promote the city's welfare.
Tombland was paved, and the front of St. Stephen's gates beautified.
In 1734, a new silver mace, weighing 168 ounces, gilt and finely
exchased, was presented to the city by the right honourable Sir Rob.
Walpole; on the cup part of it are Sir Robert's arms, and the arms of
the city; it was first carried before the mayor on the 29th of May.
On the 31st of Dec. was the greatest flood known since 1696; all
Heighan was under water, and several streets in the lower part of the
city, so that boats rowed in them.
In 1735, the artillery company presented a picture of their Capt.
Timothy Balderstone, Esq, to be hung in the New-hall.
In 1736, a picture of Tho. Harwood, Esq. treasurer of the charity
schools, was hung up in the New-hall, being presented by a subscription
of the trustees of the said schools,
And another of Tho. Vere, Esq.
Hoghill was paved this year, and the city was much visited with the
In 1737, Oct. 4, was a very great flood.
A picture of Benj. Nuthall, Esq. was hung up in the New-hall.
The gild was kept this year according to the ancient custom, with
hangings, pictures, &c.
Nov. 20, died her most sacred majesty Caroline Queen of Great
Britain, &c. and was interred Saturday, Dec. 17, when at six in the
evening, the great bell of every church in this city began to toll,
and continued tolling till 11 at night. The mayor and court appeared
in deep mouring at church on Sunday. Of whom the following
deserved encomium was then made: (fn. 9)
When as Heaven's gift, the crown she wore,
None e're deserved it, none adorn'd it more,
Belov'd and honour'd thro' each various scene,
As friend, as wife, as mother, and as Queen:
Her life, of all the learned the esteem,
The maid's example, and the matron's theme:
Her death, the wish and comfort of the wise,
Religion's honour, and great vertue's prize.
Mrs. Anne Havet of this city being indisposed and let blood, had
a living worm about three inches long come out of the orifice of her
vein, while she was bleeding; she did not live long after.
In 1738, the ditches on the southern part of the Castle-hill were
levelled, and now the market for cattle is kept there.
In 1739, Oct. 30, being the King's birthday, war was proclaimed
against Spain, by the court, on horseback, in six different places of
the city; the two sheriffs appeared then first with their gold-chains on,
which were given by Tho. Emerson of London, a native of this city,
to be worn by the sheriffs for the time being; they cost 100 guineas
The gild was kept as anciently, with hangings, garlands, pictures, &c.
This winter was extremely cold and sharp, a deep snow fell about
Christmas day, and laid till March, and when it brake up, was a prodigious flood; it exceeded the coldest days in the sharp winters in 1708,
and 1715, and continued so long, that had not the poor in this city,
and other places, been generously relieved by the wealthy, many must
In 1740, wheat was above 20s. a comb, and other corn very dear.
The season held so cold, that on the 5th of May in the morning, it
snowed so much, that at 10 o'clock, the snow hung on the cathedral
spire, from its top to the second windows.
Nov. 8, was a violent hurricane of wind, but not altogether so high
as in 1703.
This year, on pretence of the scarcity and dearness of grain, there
was much rioting throughout the kingdom, and at most of the principal places in Norfolk, as Yarmouth, Lyn, &c. at Wisbitch assizes
fourteen were found guilty, but were not all executed; in Norfolk
two were convicted and executed accordingly. There were none
executed for the riot in this city, which came to such a height, that
the magistrates were obliged to seek for assistance from the soldiers
quartered here, whose commanding officer, fired upon the populace
in order to quell them, by which means several unconcerned persons
were accidentally killed, and only one of the rioters, who was said to
be the chief ringleader: a lad, who was shot in the knee, died of the
wound, and was said in the publick papers to be the 7th person that
lost his life by this riot.
In 1741, at an assembly held May 3, it was ordered, that no person
for the future, being a foreigner, should be permitted to exercise any
trade in the city longer than six months, without taking up the freedom
of the city.
Mayors and Sheriffs.
|1728, † Tho. Harwood.||† John Press, † John Spurrell.|
|1729, John Black.||† Tho. Maltby, † Edw. King.|
|1730, † John Bell.||Samuel Eakins, died Sept. 16, and
† John Nuthall was chosen in
his room, † Samuel Lillington.|
|1731, † Rob. Marsh.||† Rob. Blyford, Joseph Brittan.|
|1732, Francis Arnam.||† John Brown, † Barth. Balderstone.|
|1733, Jeremiah Ives.||† John Fromow, † John Simpson.|
|1734, † Philip Meadows.||† Robert Stileman, † James Nasmith.|
|1735, † Tho. Vere.||† Ric. Humphry, † Will. Wigget|
|1736, † Tim. Balderstone.||† Tho. Johnson, † Simeon Waller.|
|† Edm. Hooke chosen speaker of
the commons and coroner, in
Sheriff Johnson's stead.|
|1737, † John Spurrel.||† Charles Maltby, † Nat. Roe.|
|1738, † Rob. Harvey.||† James Barnham, † John Black.|
|1739, † Will. Clarke.||† Abraham Larwood, † Henry
|1740, † John Nuthall.||Charles Lay died March 30,
† Tho. Harvey in his place,
† John Wood.|
|1741, † Edw. King.||† John Calver, † Will. Crowe.|
Burgesses In Parliament.
1727, † Robert Britiffe, Esq. Waller Bacon, Esq.
1734, † Horatio Walpole, Waller Bacon died, and
† Tho. Vere, Esq. was chosen in his room.
1741, Horatio Walpole, Esq. and Tho. Vere, Esq. are the
present members. (fn. 10)
And thus I have brought down the history of this city from its
rise to the present year 1742,
September 29, when the whole corporation, consisting of the
mayor, sheriffs, recorder, steward, justices, aldermen,
common council-men, and other officers, are as follow,
The right worshipful William Wigget, Esq. Mayor, (fn. 11) who was
chosen alderman of Coslany ward, July 11, 1733.
William Greenaway, Esq. sheriffs. (fn. 12)
Thomas Wigg, Esq.
Robert Britiffe, Esq. recorder, (fn. 13) chosen May 3, 1737, on the
resignation of Richard Berney, Esq.
William Brooke, Esq. steward, (fn. 14) chosen June 14, 1727, on the
resignation of Richard Berney, Esq.
The Aldermen (fn. 15) past the chair, and consequently justices of peace, in
the whole city and county thereof, are,
|Edward King, Esq. sworn alderman of Colgate
Ward||May 30, 1733.|
|Benjamin Nuthall, Esq. of Middle-Wimer ward||Mar. 4, 1718.|
|John Custance, Esq. of East-Wimer||April 24, 1724.|
|Tho. Harwood, Esq. of Mancroft||Jan. 19, 1718.|
|John Pell, Esq. of Middle-Wimer||Nov. 18, 1723.|
|Rob. Marsh, Esq. of Berstreet||May 12, 1724.|
|Philip Meadows, Esq. of Fybridge||Dec. 15, 1727.|
|Tho. Vere, Esq. of South-Conisford||Aug. 28, 1722.|
|Timothy Balderstone, Esq. of St. Giles's||Oct. 27, 1725.|
|John Spurrel, Esq. of South-Conisford||Nov. 10, 1726.|
|Rob. Harvy, Esq. of West-Wimer||Jan. 31, 1729.|
|William Clarke, Esq. of Fybridge||May 7, 1729.|
|John Nuthall, Esq. of West-Wimer||Mar. 6, 1732.|
The Aldermen below the chair, who are justices in their own wards
|Mr. Edward Weld, sworn alderman of St. Stephen's ward||Aug. 7, 1722.|
|Will. Lovick of the same ward||April 19, 1737.|
|James Nasmith of North-Conisford||July 19, 1737.|
|John Black of Coslany||Sept. 8, 1737.|
|Simeon Waller of East-Wimer||July 14, 1738.|
|John Wood of Colegate||Febr. 20, 1738.|
|Will. Crowe of Berstreet||Jan. 9, 1741.|
|John Goodman of Mancroft||Mar. 24, 1741.|
|Barth. Harwood of St. Giles's||April 9, 1742.|
|Thomas Harvey of North-Conisford||Oct. 13, 1742.|
The city is divided into four great wards, out of which 60 of
the chief commoners are yearly elected common council-men, (fn. 16) to
be of the assembly to join with the mayor, sheriffs, &c. to consult,
advise, determine, and enaot, any thing concerning the state of the
The great ward of Mancroft, which elects 16 common council.
of Wimer, which elects 20.
of Conisford, which elects 12.
And that beyond the water, or Northern ward, which elects 12.
And these four, are subdivided each into three small or petty
Mancroft contains Mancroft, St. Stephen's, and St. Giles's.
Wimer contains East-Wimer, Middle-Wimer, and West-Wimer
Conisford contains South-Conisford, North-Conisford, and Berstreet wards.
The Northern ward contains Fybridge,Colgate, and Coslany wards.
And each of the petty wards have two aldermen to serve for it,
elected by the freemen of the great ward that it lies in.
For Mancroft great ward.
1. Dan. Ganning.
2. James Elmy.
3. John Aldridge.
4. Hen. Crosgrove.
5. Timothy Ganning.
6. Mark Addy.
7. Timothy Money.
8. Robert Francis.
9. Fran. Procter.
10. Thomas Colton.
11. Isaac Schuldham.
12. Edmund Clarke.
13. Tho. Craske.
14. Edward Appleby.
15. John Nickalls.
16. Jeremiah Berry.
For Wimer great ward.
1. John Simpson, plamber.
2. James Barnham.
3. Edmond Hooke. (fn. 17)
4. William Chase.
5. John Hoyle.
6. William Woods.
7. Robert Rushbrooke.
8. John Webb.
9. † Robert Wingfield.
10. John Turner.
11. John Simpson, glover.
12. John Shilling.
13. Jolland Leach.
14. James Holland.
15. Elisha D'Hague.
16. John Gay, junior.
17. Samuel Mottram.
18. Joseph Chamberlain.
19. William White.
20. William Clarke.
The Conisford great ward.
1. George Hainsworth.
2. Will Sherringham.
3. William Lincolne.
4. William Tuck.
5. James Merry.
6. Richard Phillips.
7. Townsend Sheringham.
8. George Sharpen.
9. Benjamin Pendleton.
10. Will. Pearson.
11. Samuel Tooke.
12. Tho. Simpson.
The Northern great ward.
1. Richard Humfrey.
2. Ambrose Gedge.
3. Robert Mott.
4. Abraham Larwood.
5. Thomas Hurnard.
6. Peter Colombine.
7. Samuel Harvey.
8. John Wigget.
9. John Day, junior.
10. Joseph Hardingham.
11. Charles Buckle.
12. Ralph Smith.
Mr. Nehemiah Lodge, town-clerk, elected June 20, 1730.
Mr. John Ewan, foreign-receiver, (fn. 18) and deputy-clerk.
Officers annually elected at the assembly held May 3, are,
Coroners, Alderman John Wood. (fn. 19) Mr. Ambrose Gedge. (fn. 20)
Chamberlain, Mr. Thomas Kirkpatrick.
Sub-chamberlain, Thomas Burrage.
Twenty-four constables, for the twelve wards, two for each.
Thirty and two guardians, according to the workhouse act.
Officers attending the Mayor are,
Mr. John Hilyard, sword-bearer
Henry Harper and Mathew Baltis,
officers at mace.
Thomas Kemplin and Thomas
William Smith, bellman.
John Tuck, charcoal-man.
John Weston, John Tyler, Will.
Reeve, Sam. Cooke, and Isaac
The other officers are,
Under-sheriff, Mr. Dan. Negus.
Gaoler, Aaron Fromow.
Serjeants at mace to the Sheriffs are,
1. Henry Stone.
2. Daniel Peachman.
3. Henry Wharton.
4. Tho. Rawlins.
5. John Simpson.
6. Richard Harvey.
7. Will. Ducket.
8. John Allam.
And Tho. Jackson and Joseph
Nevill were sworn at large.