OF THE CORPORATION.
That this place hath been a burgh ever since the Romans made it so
is very plain, its inhabitants being called burghers or burgesses, (fn. 1) in all
ancient records whatever, both before Domesday and since; I need
not mention any thing of the government of the place, till the original of the present corporation, the inhabitants in general being governed by the King's provosts from the Conquest; Roger de Scherdestona, who enjoyed that office in 1139, 5th Stephen, paid the King
for all the pleas of Thetford, 10l. as the Pipe-roll shews us, and the
next year Fulchard the Provost of Thetford paid 35l. 12s. 10d. for
the profits of his office for this year, which shews it was annual.
I meet with no more of the names of these officers which governed
the town, and were nominated by the King, who was lord of it, but
find the office expired in Richard the First's time, who changed its
government from a provost to a bailiff, coroner, and mayor; the
bailiff was the superiour officer, his jurisdiction being general; be
was always nominated by the King, as lord of the dominion or manor
of Thetford, and held his place during life; the coroner was also
named by the lords of the dominion, and was superiour to the mayor
till the year 1373, and then John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster, and
lord of the dominion, obliged the town so far, as to make the mayor
superiour to the coroner, but still kept the nomination of the coroners
to himself; this office was also for life, till 1490, and then King
Henry VII. as Duke of Lancaster, and lord of the town, granted them
the privilege, that the old mayor should be the future coroner, which
remains to this day; the mayor was an officer that the King allowed
the people to choose annually, but his power was very small, though
he had some privileges, as that of making capital burgesses, and freemen, all which were subject immediately to him, in the same manner
that he was to the bailiff. In 1249, it appears that none of the King's
bailiffs could enter the town, to distrain any one, or serve any writ,
the inhabitants in general being only subject to the bailiffs of the
town and hundred, and the capital burgesses or freemen, to the bailiff
of the town only, by their mayor, to whom all processes were sent by
the bailiff to be served on them. (fn. 2) The privileges of the corporation
increased by degrees, for at first the mayor got leave of the lord to
have a sword carried with him in publick places, as an ensign of
authority, which was granted; but it was carried behind him many
years, in token of his subjection to a superiour power, till he obtained
leave of the lord of the town, under the dutchy seal, that it might be
born before him. (fn. 3) The mayors were always sworn at the leet held
some time before the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the
Martyr, by the bailiff of the town, in order to be in his office to ride
to Bromehill-Fair, according to ancient custom. In 1331, there was
a dispute between the Prior of Bromehill, and the mayor, burgesses,
tenants, merchants, and inhabitants of Thetford, who had the toll of
the fair, by grant from the lord of the dominion, concerning the jurisdiction of the mayor there, and the toll, picage, and stallage of the
fair, who recovered against the Prior, by shewing that they held it of
the dominion of Thetford, as belonging to the dutchy of Lancaster,
by grant of a former lord thereof, (fn. 4) and that Henry Earl of Lancaster
was in possession of it in 1327. William Brygges, mayor in 1471,
was the first that I meet with, that was called Esquire in right of his
office. I have a letter of his own handwriting to Master Lumnour,
under-steward of the dutchy, and bailiff of Thetford, Ao 1470, in
which he desires him to direct a premunire facias to his [under] bailiff
of Thetford, to summon a leet against Thursday before St. Thomas,
and that he would be there to swear him into his office, that he might
ride to Bromhill-Fair, and sit as was his duty, in every court in the
year, as well in the market-courts, as in the general courts, and that
he might hold the courts and leets at his command, and under his
supportation and correction, which plainly shews that the chief of
the mayor's power was held under, and belonged to, the dutchy; and
indeed the mayors had little or no power before the charter, otherwise than by hiring several things of the dutchy. In Henry the
Eighth's time (fn. 5) there were three leets belonging to the town, viz. the
hundred leet, which belonged to the Queen, in right of her hundred
of Shropham, East leet, and St. Thomas's leet, (fn. 6) which belonged to her
in right of the dutchy, all which she granted to the corporation, impowering them to keep two leets in a year, paying to the Crown an
annual rent of 13s. 4d. for the hundred leet, which rent was reserved
to the Crown when Shropham hundred was granted from it, though
the jurisdiction of the hundred extends over the Norfolk side of the
town at this time, as is evident from the leet only, and its annual rent
being excepted, and from the hundred-courts that were formerly kept
at Mawdlin-Cross. In 1693, there was a warrant directed by the
sheriff of the county to the bailiff of the hundred of Shropham, commanding him to levy 13s. 4d. upon the mayor, burgesses, and commonalty of Thetford, due to the Exchequer, for the annual farm of
the leet, or view of frankpledge, of all the inhabitants in the burgh.
This town is always reckoned as part of Shropham hundred, ever
since Edward the Third's time, in all taxations, and used to raise
their trained-bands, as in that hundred; and before 1664, they paid
all duties, King's taxes, &c. as one body, to Norfolk, the greater part
of the burgh being in that county; but since, the one part is taxed
as in Lackford hundred in Suffolk, and the other as in Shropham
hundred in Norfolk. It was a burgh by prescription only till the
first royal charter, which was granted to this town by Queen Elizabeth, and bears date at Gorambury the 12th of March, in the 16th
year of her reign, 1573. This was in force till Jan. 30, 34th of
Charles II. and was then surrendered to the King, who granted them
a new one, with some alterations, which was dated at Westminster,
March 6, in the same year; but this did not continue long, for these
was another granted exact like that of Queen Elizabeth's, by which
they are now governed, the substance of which I shall here give you.
The charter first recites, that Thetford is an ancient burgh, and
used to send two burgesses to parliament, and had several liberties,
which of late had not been used, to the great damage of the town,
the Queen therefore grants, that the town of Thetford shall be a perpetual free burgh, and body corporate, of a mayor, ten burgesses, (fn. 7)
and twenty of the commonalty, (fn. 8) by the name of the Mayor, Burgesses,
and Commonalty, of the burgh of Thetford, in the counties of Norfolk
and Suffolk, the precincts of which burgh shall extend as usual, and
that they may make perambulations, may sue and be sned, and have
a common seal, and alter the same; (fn. 9) the ten are to be principal men
of the burgh, and as such shall be called principal burgesses, and are
to be the common council of the burgh, the twenty men of the commonalty being under them; upon the death or removal of a commoner, a new one is to be chose by the mayor and recorder, or his
deputy, and the coroner, mayor, recorder, and common council, may
make laws for the governing the burgh, so that they be not contrary
to the laws of the land, nor the prerogative of the Crown. The
mayor may have a sword born before him, and shall choose his
sword-bearer, and two serjeants, who may bear two silver maces before
him, and do all things as the serjeants at mace in London do, every
serjeant being to be sworn to the faithful performance of his office.
The mayor is to be clerk of the market, and no other clerk is to
enter: the recorder is to be an officer for life, and may exercise the
office by himself, or deputy, who shall be called the town-clerk, and
upon the death, or removal of a recorder, the mayor, burgesses, and
commonalty, must choose a new one in eight days, who is to be sworn
before the mayor, and in his absence to have a deputy. The recorder and mayor are to be named by commission, justices of the
peace for the burgh, and the mayor of the preceding year is to be
sworn coroner, by his successour. The Queen granted them a Saturday market, (fn. 10) and a fair on St. Mary Magdalen's day, and two days
after, with all the profits; the gild-hall is appointed the commonhall, where the mayor and body shall meet every Wednesday before
Michaelmas day, between 9 and 11 in the forenoon, and then the
major part of the commoners shall nominate two of the principal
burgesses, that the major part of all the inhabitants (fn. 11) of the burgh
may elect one of them mayor for the following year, who should be
sworn on Michaelmas day; and if any one, without reasonable cause,
refuses the office, the mayor and rest of the principal burgesses
may commit him to prison, there to remain till he will take the
office, or pay any competent fine, that they shall set upon him: every
mayor is to be sworn before his predecessor, if alive and present, but
if dead, or absent, before the recorder, and principal burgesses; and
if a mayor dies in his office, or be removed, a new one must be chose
in eight days, who shall be sworn before the recorder and principal
burgesses; upon the death or removal of a principal burgess, a new
one must be chose in eight days, by the mayor and burgesses, and be
sworn before the mayor. The clerk of the market is to be sworn
before the recorder or his deputy, and the principal burgesses to exercise his office without favour or regard to any one. A court of record
is to be held every Monday, before the mayor and recorder, in the
gild-hall, except in Easter, Shrovetide, and Christmas weeks, and to
have cognizance of all actions arising within the burgh, not exceeding 50l. the mayor, recorder, or either of them, to make process, &c.
according to the usage of the city of Norwich. The Queen also
granted them a court-leet to be holden in the gild-hall, before the
mayor and recorder, or the recorder only, and his deputy, twice in
the year, a month before Michaelmas, and a month after Easter, the
mayor, burgesses, and commonalty, to have the fines thereof, and
also all goods of felons, fugitives, outlaws, persons attainted and condemned, or any way forfeited, within the precincts of the burgh, at
the yearly rent of 13s. 4d. to be paid to the Crown.
The mayor, as clerk of the market, to have the assize, and trial of
bread, wine, and ale, and all other victuals, and also correction of all
weights and measures, with all fines proceeding therefrom; the
mayor, &c. to have execution of all writs, and return of the same,
and no sheriff or other officer is to enter the burgh, unless he or his
serjeants shall neglect to execute them. The mayor hath power to
correct offenders against the town laws, and no inhabitant is to
be returned upon a jury out of the burgh, and no foreigner to be
sworn upon any within the burgh: they had license also to purchase
40l. per annum in mortmain, and to send two burgesses to Parliament,
to be chosen by the mayor and commonalty. And whereas King
Edward VI. under the seal of the dutchy of Lancaster, by indenture
dated at Westminster in the third year of his reign, leased to Richard
Fulmerston, Esq. for 30 years, the toll of the great bridge, called
Incellond or Selford, in Norfolk, (fn. 12) the toll of the market, and of
Brandon, Ewston, and Honington bridges, in Suffolk, being parcel of
the dutchy, at 8l. 6s. 8d. a year, viz. for the great bridge 3l, 6s. 8d.
for Brandon bridge 4l. and for Ewston and Honington 20s. the Queen
now grants them to the corporation for ever, to be held in fee-farm,
paying the said rents by equal portions, on Lady and Michaelmas
day, and keeping the bridges in repair, taking no other toll than 1d.
for every cart loaden with things to be sold, and for every horse a
halfpenny, for all great or small cattle 4d. a score, for every home,
mare, gelding, or colt to be sold, a halfpenny, for every quarter of
grain, whatever it be, one quart, and for every stall, or standing in
the market, according to the ancient custom; all which rights, privileges, and revenues, the corporation is now in possession of.
This burgh hath had her share of benefactors, several of which are
already mentioned, for which reason I shall say no more of them
only add such as I have not spoken of.
In the 10th of Henry VII. 1494, Thomas Heigham, Esq. and Catherine his wife, granted the advowson of Santon in Norfolk to the
mayor and commonalty, who hath ever since presented to it, and it is
always given to the schoolmaster of the grammar school.
In 1567, 24th June, Archbishop Parker settled 6s. 8d. yearly, out
of his manor and farm of Hethill in Norfolk, for a sermon yearly to
be preached on Rogation-Sunday, by a fellow of Corpus-Christi or
Bennet college in Cambridge. (fn. 13)
Sir Richard Fulmerston, at his death, gave his enclosure called
Roses in Fersfield, to be sold, and the money arising therefrom to go
towards the discharging the tax of the town of Thetford, 26s. 8d. to
be applied to each payment, so long as the money would last.
In 1601, Richard Asteley of Thetford, Esq. was buried in St. Cuthbert's church, and entailed his house and lands in Thetford. (if Drew
and Henry his sons had no issue (fn. 14) ) on the corporation, who were to
expend half the profits towards the maintenance of the blind, lame,
and old poor, and the other half towards the maintenance of a preaching minister in St. Cuthbert's church.
They have a common goal, and bridewell, which stands by the
Market-place on the Norfolk side; and some years since, they bought
a house, &c. in Magdalen-street, which is the present work-house.
The cross in the Market-place, by the Butchery, belongs to the corporation; the ducking-stool, which was by Nuns-Bridge, is now decayed. Their gild-hall is a fine old building of black flint; when it
was erected, I cannot learn; it had a noble kitchen under it, (now
turned into a stable,) where they made ready for the corporation, at
their gilds, and other publick times. In this place the Lent assizes
for the county are always kept, and have been so ever since the
itinerant justices were first instituted, as appears by divers records.
Over the judge's seat is this,
Hic Locus, odit, amat, punit, conservat, Honorat,
Nequitiam, Pacem, Crimina, Jura, Probos.
Sir Joseph Williamson, one of the secretaries of state to King
Charles II. and burgess in parliament for the burgh, gave them the
present sword and mace, which are very grand ones, and built them
a fine court, and grand-jury chamber over it, which joins to the old
gild-hall; on the top of it is a statue of Justice, and underneath it,
upon the front, is this inscription, and Williamson's arms impaling
quarterly, 1st, three de-lises; 2d, a fess chequy:
Antiq. Burgi de THETFORD.
Optim: Civ: ob perpetuam in se
Memor. Grata Mente
An: Christi MDCLXXX.
The windows of the chamber are adorned with the town arms, Sir
Joseph's, viz. sab. a chevron ingrailed between three trefoils or, several
benefactors to the town, and many of his crests, which is, an eagle
issuing from a crown, and this motto, Sub umbra alarum tuarum. I
shall conclude the account of the benefactors with the following transcript from three tables in this court.
A Catalogue of the Names of the worthy Benefactors of
this Borough of Thetford.
|The most illustrious prince Thomas Duke of Norfolk,
&c. gave for ever, for clothing the poor||8||10 per ann.|
|Henry Duke of Norfolk, for the repairing St. Mary's
|Sir Richard Fulmerstone, Knt. founded a school and
hospital, with maintenance for ever, for a minister,
schoolmaster, usher, and four poor people, two
men, and two women||160 per ann.|
|Mrs. Eaden, for ever to the poor||3 per ann.|
|Mr. Henry Smith of London, for ever to the poor||10 per ann.|
|Mr. Samuel Snelling, an inhabitant, a piece of land
to the poor of St. Cuthbert's parish for ever||1||6||8|
|A poor shepherd to the poor of this town for ever||1 per ann.|
|Sir Edwin Rich, Knt. to the building a bridge, and
to the poor||100||0||0|
|And at his death, for the relief of the poor for 500
years, payable out of his manor of Rose-Hall in
Suffolk||20 per ann.|
|Mr. Alderman Barnham of Norwich||10 per ann.|
|For three years next after his decease, and for ever
to the poor||4 per ann.|
|Mr. John Wadford, to the use of the poor of St.
Peter's for ever||0||12 per ann.|
|Sir Charles Harbord, Knt. and the Honourable
William Harbord, Esq. his son, (fn. 15) hath built an
hospital for six poor old men, and endowed it
with||30 per ann.|
|for ninety and nine years, and ordered to each of
them a blue gown yearly|
|The Hon. Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. sometimes a
privy counsellor and principal secretary of state
to his most sacred majesty King Charles II. gave
towards procuring an Act for making Brandon
river navigable (fn. 16) ||26||0||0|
|More for releasing John Browne out of this goal||15||0||0|
|More the Statutes at large, and other Statutes.|
|More for the binding out four apprentices||14 per ann.|
|More for a poor scholar in this school, until he be fit
for Cambridge, and there provide for him.|
|More eleven folio books to the school.|
|More a noble sword and mace.|
|More, he hath built us a very fair court of common
pleas, and a grand-jury chamber, and is a daily
benefactor to this burgh.|
|Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. gave more by his will,
2000 pounds, to be laid out in lands for such uses
as his executors, with the advice of this corporation, shall think fit. An estate of 110l. per annum
has been bought with this money, and is settled
by decree in Chancery, for binding out poor
children of this town, apprentices, and other uses.|
The town paid 16l. to the old tenths, and the Norfolk part is now
valued at 1195l. and is divided into two wards, viz. Baily-End ward,
and Bridge-Gate ward.
Sir Henry Bennet, Knt. a man of universal learning, (fn. 17) being inflamed
with zeal for the cause of King Charles I. whose honour and authority he saw so inhumanly trampled upon by his rebellious subjects,
laid aside his books, and betook himself to the camp, where, in defence of his Majesty's right, he behaved himself with such valour and
prudence, that he was created by his Majesty King Charles II. reg. 16,
Viscount Thetford, and Earl of Arlington; he had only one daughter,
Isabella, (fn. 18) who married Henry Fitz-Roy Duke of Grafton, and had
Charles Fitz-Roy, the present  Duke of Grafton, whose titles
and honours are described in a picture hanging in the grand-jury
chamber, having his arms, crest, and motto, viz. et decus et
Du-Tres-Haut Puissant & Tres Nobile Prince Charles FitzRoy, Duc de Grafton, Comte de Euston, Viscomte de Ipswich,
Baron de Sudbury, et en Survivance de sa Mere, Comte de Arlington, Viscomte de Thetford, Lieutenant General pour sa
Majesté, et Governeur du Royaume D'Irland, Signeur Lieutenant
et Gardes des Rolles dans le Province de Suffolk, & Conseiler du
Roy, en son Conseil prive, et Chevaleir du Tres Nobile Ordre de la
Jarretiere, installe Au Chateau Windesor, le xxv Jours D'Aurel,
In 1199, King John, in the first year of his reign, confirmed to the
abbey of West-Derham, 6s. 8d. rent, for half a knight's fee here, with
the homages of William de Repheham, and Alan, son of Thurstan,
his wife, sons and daughters in Thetford.
The family of Thurstan seems to be descended from Thurstan the
mint master, and to have continued here till Edward the Fourth's
time, for then the family of the Thurstans of Thetford bare sab. three
bugle-horns or, stringed az.
In 1316, the 10th of Edward II. the great lords, earls, barons,
knights, &c. had appointed a turnament at this town, but it being
without the King's leave, he sent letters dated at Clipston, to them,
and the sheriff of Suffolk, to forbid it. (fn. 19)
1616, 11 Jan. there passed letters patents for collecting money for
a fire in Thetford, and it appears by one of the court books of the
city of Norwich, that there was 11l. 10s. 8d. collected in the city
towards the relief of this town.
In 1620, the horse-races occasioned tumults here, so that there
were letters from the Privy-Council sent to suppress them.
In 1621, the ancient family of the Thetfords, which took their
name from hence, and had Alwin or Elgar of Thetford for its
founder, in the Conqueror's time, bare az. three lions passant gardant
sometimes arg. and sometimes ermine.
1630, Campfield or Kentfield is mentioned, and said to have belonged to the nuns; it is the same that is now called Smith-Field, and
is covered very thick with cinders, such as are thrown from blacksmiths' forges, and might probably be the station for the smiths during
the time of the Romans, who were generally placed near the camp;
the present name is newly acquired, from the number of cinders, I
suppose, that lie on it, which made people think smiths must live there
formerly; it contains above three acres.
In April 1737, there was a sturgeon taken in the paper-mill pool,
which weighed thirteen stone ten pounds, and was some inches above
seven feet long; it had three pecks of spawn in it. I remember some
years agone I saw one which was taken in this river, near the middle
sluice, above six feet six inches long, and weighed above eleven
Thomas Boteler of Thetford, Esq. son of Thomas Boteler, of Thetford, Esq. was descended of the family of the Botelers of WattonWoodhall, in the county of Hertford, being son of Francis, the eleventh
son of Sir Philip Boteler, commonly called Le Grand. He was the
nimblest Englishman that has been known, for he would stand upright
on the saddle of an horse, (and yet he was six feet high,) and run
him full speed, and when he was riding full gallop, he could take a
handkerchief off the ground with his hand, and never stop, with
several notable actions of that nature. He was lame twenty years
before his death, by a sciatica, but lived to a good old age, and died
at Thetford in 1637, and was buried at Watlington in Norfolk, leaving
six sons and one daughter. Robert Butler, Esq. of Thetford, his
third son, died by a surfeit contracted by eating philberds Aug. 15th,
This place hath been honoured with the presence of many Kings
and Queens, several of which used to reside here for some time together; that Henry I. did so, is certain, for we meet with many charters
made to the Abbot of Ramsey, the priory in this town, &c. that are
dated here. Henry II. and several others were often here, and when
the dominion came with the dutchy to the Crown, the ancient seat of
the Earls Warren became a palace, and was rebuilt by the Crown, as
I think, in Queen Elizabeth's time, for that Princess used it as a
hunting-seat, and took great pleasure here, as did her successour
King James I. who used to hunt here almost every season; in 1604,
Wednesday, 27th Feb. the gentlemen of the county met him at his
coming hither; in 1610, it appears from a treatise of the yearly
payments made by the Crown, that the King had this palace only in
Norfolk, and that the fee of the keeper of it was 40l. per annum.
Not long after, the King was affronted some way or other by the inhabitants; the report goes, that one of them insisted upon unreasonable damage for riding over his corn, but what it was I cannot say;
however, he gave the palace to Sir Philip Woodhouse, in remembrance
of the valour of John de Wodehouse, his ancestor, in the battle at
Agincourt, as it is said, and there appears to be some truth in it, for
on the back side of the gate, which fronts the street, are the arms of
Woodhouse, viz. sab. a chevron or, gutte de sang, between three cinquefoils ermine, with Ulster arms on a canton, with the crest that
was granted after Agincourt battle, viz. on a wreath, an arm erect,
holding a club in the hand, and this motto on a scroll, frappe forte,
i. e. strike strong, and at the bottom Agincourt. The late crest
used by some of the family is a demi woodman, holding a club. This
is now called the King's-House, and is owned by Sir John Woodhouse,
the present  recorder; it is a large house, fit for the reception
of much company, for which reason the judges usually lodge in it
during the assizes.
Here I saw a picture with these two lines, said to be composed by
Sir Philip Woodhouse:
Mentem, Membra, Jecur, succendit, calfacit, urit,
Cantibus, Igne, Fide, Musa, Caminus, Amor.
Much in the same nature with those in Holinshed, fo. 213:
Artis, Honestatis, Recti, Præcepta, Decus, Vim,
conculcat, superant, spernunt, Favor, Æra, Potentes.
In Sept. 1555, Thomas Cobbe of Haverhill in Suffolk, butcher, was
apprehended by his neighbours, for heresy, and examined by Michael
Dunning, the bloody chancellor of Norwich, by whom he was con
demned, Aug. 12, and with Roger Coo, James Abbes, &c. burned at
Thetford, as Lanquet in his Chronicle tells us.
Provosts of Thetford.
Stephen. 1139, Roger de Scherdestona, Provost.
1140, Fulchard the Provost.
I find no more of their names, but the office continued till
Richard I. changed the government of the town to a bailiff, coroner,
Bailiffs of Thetford.
Richard I. 1197, Richer de Refham.
Henry III. 1256, Jeffry de Mundeford.
Edward I. Hugh Le Franceis.
Edward II. 1307, John de Acre.
Edward III. 1348, Thomas le Hunte.
Henry IV. 1400, Walter Ley.
Henry V. 1413, John Worlyngworth.
Henry VI. 1424, Peter Pain.
1429, Roger Rushbroke.
1434, John Worlyngworth.
1437, John Lewes.
1457, John Norfolke.
Edward IV. 1471, Master Lumnour.
The office was during life, and they held it by grant from the
Duke of Lancaster. I meet with no more after Lumnour, though
imagine there must be one or two more before the charter, when the
Coroners of Thetford.
Edward II. 1307, William Reymund.
1323, Roger Fraunceys.
Edward III. 1345, Tho. Fraunceys.
1350, John Chaa.
1354, John de Acre.
1355, John Chaa.
Henry IV. 1400, Reginald Fenn.
1406, Reginald Fermer.
Henry V. 1417, Reginald Archer.
1418, John Appylton.
Henry VI. 1424, Reginald Bowde.
1426, John Appylton.
1433, John Monk.
1435, Reginald Fermor.
1448, Roger Rushbrook.
1456, John Swan.
Edward IV. 1476, Peter Larke,
Henry VII. 1485, Hugh Dryver.
1488, Nich. Havington.
1490, Richard Awngewelle.
The office was held by patent during life, of the Duke of Lancaster, till this year, and then King Henry VII. as Duke of Lancaster,
and lord of the town, granted them the privilege that the old mayor
should always be coroner for the succeeding year, which hath remained
so ever since.
Mayors of Thetford.
1307. Will. de Rokelond,
1318. Will. Hardyng,
1319. Will. de Peterisburgh,
1320. Peter Markaunt,
1321. Rich. le Fyscher,
1322. Rich. Andreu,
1323. Will. Seyl,
1327. Andrew de Caldecote,
1328. Adam Cokerel,
1334. Peter Mark,
1335. John le Forester,
1336. Ranulph de Foyle,
1338. Rich. Andreu,
1343. Peter le Goos,
1345. John le Taverner,
1346. Will. Dowde,
1347. Sim. de Groundisburgh,
1348. Will. de Herling,
1349. Sim. de Groundisburgh,
1350. Will. Bonde,
1354. Roger de Cornwallis,
1355. Peter Goos,
1360. William Bonde,
1365. John Davy,
1366. Peter Goos,
1370. Roger Cornwayle,
1373. John Davy, (fn. 20)
1378. John Barbour,
1380. John Barbour,
1399. Simon Goos,
1400. Simon Goos,
1405. Tho. Walter,
1406. Simon Goos,
1409. John Draper,
1412. John Archer,
1415. Richard Doo,
1416. Richard Doo,
1417. Richard Doo,
1418. John West,
1424. John Monk,
1425. Roger Rushbroke,
1426. John West,
1429. John Apylton,
1433. William Rykedon,
1435. John le Archer,
1437. Roger Rushbroke,
1448. William Kempe,
1455. John Bernham,
1456. Thomas Spylmery,
1457. Thomas Spylmery,
1458. Henry Sylmery,
1459. Tho Spieer,
1462. Henry Awstin,
1463. Peter Larke,
1466. John Balles,
1467. Henry Dunstan,
1469. Peter Larke,
1471. William Bryggs, Esq. (fn. 21)
1476. John Bassingthwayte,
1478. Richard Horne,
1480. William Bryggs,
1481. The same.
1482. Richard Bryan,
1485. Simon Bray,
1486. John Lynes,
1487. John Fyschere, ob.
1488. Richard Awngewelle,
1490. Hugh Dryver,
1491. John Lynnes,
1492. The same,
1493. John Jewdy,
1499. John Harman,
1503. John Deve,
1504. Richard Wethyrley,
1506. Robert Love, (fn. 22)
1507, John Teere,
1511. William Dwyte,
1512. John Kent,
1513. Edmund Ballys,
1514. Richard Tolton,
1515. William Atte Mere,
1517. John Judy,
John Kent, deputy,
1518. Andrew Carter,
John Kent, deputy,
1522. William Atmer,
1533. Simon Baxter,
1534. Richard Cokarel or Cokrel, (fn. 23)
1535. John Gryme,
1536. John Jewdy,
1537. John Meye,
1538. Jeffry Alleyn.
1539. Thomas Burton,
1541. Richard Cokrell,
1542. Richard ap Powell,
1543. Nic. Edwards,
1547. Thomas Gent,
1563. John Aleyn,
1573. John Edwards,
1574. J. Edwards, by the Charter, (fn. 24)
1575. Walter Beets,
1576. William Davy,
1577. John Shering,
1578. Peter Scott,
1579. Robert Bedells, ob.
1580. Edward Eden,
1581. Evans Richards,
1582. Thomas Allen,
1583. John Edwards,
1584. Richard Diggon,
1585. Edward Eden,
1586. Nic. Clover,
1587. Evans Richards,
1588. Nic. Clover, ob.
1589. Richard Asteley,
1590. Nic. Greene,
1591. Edward Eden,
1592. John Sherring,
1593. Thomas Draper,
1594. Richard Asteley,
1595. John Goldingham,
1598. Henry Greene,
1599. John Snelling,
1600. John Chapman,
1601. Thomas Canham,
1602. Thomas Baists or Baish,
1603. John Snelling,
1604. Thomas Canham,
1605. Edward Runsom,
1606. Walter Salmon,
1607. The same,
1608. Nich. Greene,
1609. Thomas Steward,
1610. Peter Spooner,
1611. John Clover,
1612. Robert Abraham,
1613. Robert Snelling,
1614. Edward Moore,
1615. John Mould,
1616. Francis Avenall,
1617. Robert Snelling,
1618. Robert Shales,
1619. John Tyrrell,
1620. Edward Moore,
1621. Peter Spooner,
1622. George Eden,
1623. John Chapman,
1624. John Snelling,
1625. William Norwich,
1625. Francis Avenall,
1627. Rob. Snelling,
1628. Edward Moore,
1629. John Tyrrell, (fn. 25)
1630. John Chapman,
1632. John Sheldrake,
1633. Francis Avenall,
1634. John Snelling,
1635. Edm. Mobbs, (fn. 26)
1636. Rob. Snelling,
1637. Edw. Moore,
1638. Tho. Lincolne,
1639. Henry Daveny,
1640. Henry Kettle,
1641. Tho. Lincolne,
1642. Tho. Snelling,
1648. Edm. Mobbs, (fn. 26)
1649. The same.
1653. Tho. Bancroft,
1654. Rob. Tyrell,
1655. Henry Kettle,
1656. Will. Flannar,
1669. Robert Tyrrell,
1676. Edmund Rossell,
1681. John Mendham, (fn. 27)
1682. Henry Heveningham,
Burrage Martin, deputy.
1683. Walter Salter,
1684. Henry Heveningham, (fn. 28)
1685. John Tyrrell,
1686. John Mendham,
1687. The same. (fn. 29)
1688. John Seabrook,
1689. John Tyrrell,
1690. The same,
1691. Edmund Rossell,
1692. Wormley Hetherset,
1693. Henry Cawdel,
1694. Robert Cawdel,
1695. Jonathan Browning,
1696. Joseph Sharpe,
1697. Robert Cawdell, senior,
1698. Wormley Hetherset,
1699. Richard Batch,
1700. Jonathan Browning,
1701. John Wright,
1702. Edward Challis,
1703. John Tyrell,
1704. John Howlet, ob.
1705. John George,
1706. Joseph Sharpe,
1707. Robert Cawdell, (fn. 30)
John Wright, senior,
1708. Jonathan Browning,
Sir John Woodhouse, Bart. Recorder.
1709. John Tyrrell
1710. Richard Batch,
1711. John Tyrrell,
1712. Edw. Freeman, ob.
1713. Jonathan Browning,
1714. John Tyrrell, senior,
1715. Richard Batch,
1716. John Tyrrell, senior.
1717. Richard Batch, and John
1718. Simon Mothersole,
1719. Robert Cawdell,
1720. Henry Cocksedge,
1721. Joseph Sharpe,
1722. Robert Sterne,
1723. John Desborough,
1724. William Cawdell,
1725. Henry Cocksedge,
1726. Joseph Sharpe,
1727. John Wyldman,
1728. Thomas Bidwell,
1729. Henry Cocksedge,
1730. George Clarke,
1731. Thomas Saunders,
1732. John Walton,
1733. Mathew Smith,
1734. Mathew Manning,
1735. Robert Thompson,
1736. Henry Burgess,
1737. Henry Cocksedge.
Mr. Henry Burgis, Coroner.
Mr. John Amyas, Town-Clerk.
The 10 principal Burgessess, commonly called Aldermen, are,
Mr. Henry Cocksedge,
Mr. Thomas Saunders,
Mr. William Cawdell,
Mr. Thomas Bidwell,
Mr. Robert Tompson,
Mr. George Clarke
Mr. Mathew Smith,
Mr. John Walton,
Mr. Mathew Manning,
Mr. James Burges.
And all (except the last) have served the office of mayor.
The Commonalty, commonly called Twenty-men, (two of which
usually serve as Chamberlains,) are,
1. Mr. Robert Martin,
2. Mr. Samuel Browning,
3. Mr. Thomas Mather,
4. Mr. William Manning,
5. Mr. John Clarke, jun.
6. Mr. Nicholas Eversdon,
7. Mr. John Fuller,
8. Mr. George Clarke,
9. Mr. Thomas Garnham,
10. Mr. John Ellis,
11. Mr. Thomas Miles.
12. Mr. Robert Sterne,
13. Mr. Peter Sterne,
14. Mr. Thomas Scarning,
15. Mr. Richard Newbury.
16. Mr. Thomas Lackford
17. Mr. John Burrell.
18. Mr. Edmund Nurse,
19. Mr. John Spark,
20. Mr. John King.
There are also, a Sword-bearer, two Serjeants at Mace, five Musicians, with blue cloaks and badges, a Gaoler and Bellman.
A LIST OF THE KNIGHTS, ESQUIRES, AND GENTLEMEN, THAT HAVE
SERVED IN PARLIAMENT FOR THE BURGH OF THETFORD. (fn. 31)
Edw. VI. 1546, John Brend, Richard Haydon, (or Heydon,) Esq. (fn. 32)
1551, John Clere, Henry Northey.
Mary. 1553, Will. Hunston, Esq. Robert Dryry, (or Drury,) Esq.
1554, Robert Drury, Esq. Nicholas Rokewood.
P. and M. 1555,
1556, Edward Clere, Esq. (fn. 33) Walter Haddon, Esq.
Elizabeth. 1558, Edward Gascoign, Thomas Poley.
1563, Sir Richard Fulmerston, Knt. Edward Clere, Esq.
1570, Philip Appleyard, Gent Thomas Huggan, Gent.
1571, William Fulmerston, Esq. (fn. 34) Thomas Colby, Esq.
1585, Edward Eden, Mayor, Robert Whitney, Esq.
1586, Sir Roger Woodhouse, Knt. Thomas Poley, Esq.
1589, Bartholomew Kemp, Esq. Richard Stubbe, Esq.
1593, Charles Chute, Esq. Bassingbourn Gawdy, Esq.
1597, John Crofts, Esq. Philip Gawdy, Esq.
1601, Henry Warner, Esq. Thomas Knevet, Esq.
James I. 1603, Sir Bassingbourn Gawdy, Knt. Sir Will. Padye, Knt.
1620, Sir Thomas Holland, Knt. Framlingham Gawdie, Esq.
1623, Framlingham Gawdie, Esq. Drew Drewrye, Esq.
Charles I. 1625, Sir Robert Cotton, Knt. and Bart. Framlingham
1625, Sir John Hobart, Knt. and Bart. (fn. 35) Framlingham
1627, Sir Henry Spiller, Knt. Edward Moundeford, Esq.
Charles I. 1639, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, Knt. and Bart. Framlingham
1640, Sir Thomas Woodhouse, Knt. and Bart. Framlingham
Charles II. 1660, Sir Phillip Woodhouse, Bart. (fn. 36) Robert Paston, Esq. (fn. 37)
1661, Sir Allen Appesley, Knt. William Gawdy, Esq. (fn. 38)
1678, Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. William Harbord, Esq.
1678, Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. William Harbord, Esq.
1679, Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. William Harbord Esq.
James II. 1685, Henry Heveningham, Esq. (fn. 39) William De-Grey, Esq.
W. and M. 1689, Sir Francis Guibon, Knt. John Trenchard, Serjeant
1690, Honourable William Harbord; Esq. (fn. 40) Sir Francis
Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. Adam Felton, Esq.
Double return, the last being taken off.
Wm. III. 1695, Sir John Woodhouse, Bart. Sir Joseph Williamson,
Knt. (fn. 41)
1698, Sir Joseph Williamson, Knt. (fn. 42) James Sloane, Esq.
1700, Sir John Woodhouse, Bart. Sir Joseph Williamson,
Knt. (fn. 43)
1701, Sir John Woodhouse, Bart. Sir Thomas Hanmer,
Anne. 1702, Robert Benson, Esq. Edmund Sloane. Esq. (fn. 44)
1705, Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bart. Sir John Woodhouse,
Bart. (fn. 45)
1708, Thomas de Grey, Esq. Robert Baylis, Esq.
1710, Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bart. (fn. 46) Dudley, North, Esq.
1713, Sir William Barker, Bart. Dudley North, Esq.
George I. 1714, Sir William Barker, Bart. Dudley North, Esq.
1722, John Ward, Esq. Dudley North, Esq.
George II. 1727, Sir Edmund Bacon, (of Gillingham,) Bart. Robert
Jacombe, Esq. (fn. 47)
1735, Sir Edmund Bacon, (of Gillingham,) Bart. (fn. 48) The
Hon. Charles Fitz-Roy.
There are three swan-marks in this town,
The Prior of the canons' mark, now the honourable Philip Howard's, [symbol]
Binknorth's mark, new the Corporation's, [symbol].
The Prioress's mark, afterwards Sir Ric. Fulmerstone's,
now Henry Campion's Esq.
And thus I have finished the general history of this town, a more
exact account of which I hope to see published by Mr. Thomas Martin,
whose large collections, and great abilities for such an undertaking
would, without doubt, do more justice to the grandeur and antiquity
of the place, than either my collections or abilities would enable me