(48) St. Martin in Balliva,
In the Baily, or bailiffwick of the castle, which was in this parish,
for which reason, this church was totally exempt from all episcopal
and archidiaconal jurisdiction, and all that died in the castle were
buried here, (the royal chapel being consecrated for all uses but burial
only,) and the constable of the castle, and chaplain of the
chapel there, exercised all manner of spiritual jurisdiction whatever,
and were accountable to the King's person only.
This church is often called by the names of, St. Martin at the
Castle-gate, Super-montem or of Timberhill, of Berstreet, and St.
Martin's Priory, because there was
(49) A Priory, or fraternity of friars, that dwelt in a house
in the churchyard here till they were obliged to join one of the four
principal orders, and then they united to the White-friars or Carmelites.
There is a deed in the gild-hall made in 1253, by which, Nic. the
blacksmith of Berstreet, and Cecily his wife, sold a stall in the market
for 24s. to the prior and brethren of the fraternity of the blessed
Mary and St. Nicholas and all the Saints, then inhabiting in the
church of St. Martin in the Baile in Norwich: (fn. 1) and it appears, that
the castle liberty extended beyond the limits of this parish to the
King's ditch or cockey that ran down to the river.
The church stood on the triangle piece, on the right hand of the
entrance of the Golden-Ball-lane; at the north end of which, the
gate of the castle entering the outward vallum or trench, stood, and
was the principal entrance into the barbican: this, and the church
of St. Michael at Thorn, are of ancient foundation, originally belonged
to the castle, and were given by the Conqueror, to that Ralf FitzWalter, who is mentioned in Domesday, (see Pt. I. p. 16,) in whose
family they continued till Henry the First's time, and then Robert
Fitz-Walter, founder of the monastery of St. Faith at Horsham, gave
them to that priory, to which they were both appropriated, being
united as to spirituals, though they subsisted to the Dissolution as
single parishes, and then this was joined in all things to St. Michael's,
as it now continues; they were valued together at 20s. it was served
by a stipendiary priest nominated by the convent, and there was a
gild held in honour of St. Anne.
At the Dissolution it came to the Crown, and in 1549, the rectory,
and advowson of the vicarage, was granted to Ralf Sadler and Laurence Wynyngton; and the same year, Henry Albon and Robert Spull
sold a bell, but were compelled to bring it again, and it continued in
use till 1562, and then it was sold to the Queen, and the site hath
been in private hands ever since.
At a court held the 7th of Elizabeth, this letter was read from the
Lord Treasurer, and entered by the mayor in the court book,
"I comende me hartely to you, and forasmoche as the olde
Church of St. Martins at the Bale in Norwich, wherof that
Church and the Church-yard is solde, and the Bells and Leed
reservyd for the Quene, which I have willyd my Frende Mr.
Goslyn to take downe with your Oversighte, and to se the Bells
and the Leade wayed, and me and other the Quenes Majesties
Officers certefyed under your hands, and then leave the Leade and
the Bells with Mr. Gostlynge, and yf your Self may not attende
yt, I pray you appoynt some other Alderman that he may supply
your Place and syne the Byll that you should signe, thus fare
you well, this viijth day of December 1564.
Your Frende Wynchester.
Upon which it was certified, that there were two bells weighing 500
weight, prized at 6l. and that the lead of the church, porch, and
steeple, weighed 7 fodders, and was valued at 70l. and then the whole
was totally demolished.
The Prior of St. Faith was taxed at 62s. for his temporals, and the
Prioress of Carrow, the cellerer and almoner of the monastery, had
divers rents; for Roger, son of Eustace the baker, and Katerine his
wife, gave all their ground in this parish by the castle-gate, to the almoner, which some time was owned by Sweytyne, servant to the
recluse at St. John of Berstrete, and the almoner granted it off at 7s.
per annum. (Regr. II. Pr.)
1386, Nic. de Monte buried here, was a benefactor to the church.
His will was proved before Clement de Knapton, chaplain of the royal
chapel in the castle, where the original was then kept; this Clement
was brother to William de Knapton Archdeacon of Norwich; there was
a seal of office belonging to the spiritual jurisdiction of this chapel,
which is fixed to the probate.
1445, Petronel Saluse, buried in the church.
1459, John Attleburgh, chaplain, buried in the church.
1465, John Arnald, Gent. buried by the porch door.
1474, Will. Byshop, buried in the church. 1477, Henry Cole,
1502, Isabel, wife of Will Birde, gravour, buried in the church by
Thomas Gurneys, her late husband,
A cross called St. Martin's-cross stood in the south part of this
(50) School, Scolds, or St. Martin's-green, as it was anciently
called, from its nearness to this church, took its name from the
school that used to be kept in it, the present name being only a corruption of Scholars-green, from the scholars playing there.
(51) Norwich Castle,
Though it never belonged to the city, but is now, as it always was,
part of the county of Norfolk, and as it were, the head or chief
place thereof; yet being always part of this parish, I choose to speak
of it here. But as the history of its rise, progress, &c. is interwoven
with the general history of the city, I shall only observe the principal things relating to it, referring you thither for the account at
That King Uffa, soon after the year 575, made this a place of
defence, is already observed, (Pt. I. p. 4,) and that it was a royal
castle in 642. But that in all likelihood the first castle of brick and
stone here was built by Alfred the Great, before 872, appears in Pt. I.
p. 5, which was destroyed by Swain the Dane in the year 1004,
and rebuilt by King Canute his son, about 1018; which building,
I imagine, was taken away to make room for the present stone building, which was erected by Roger Bigot, and repaired and beautified
by Thomas de Brotherton, in Edward the Second's time.
For its being besieged in the Conqueror's time and taken; for its
soc or extent of jurisdiction, its building by Bigot and being made his
chief seat, and the liberty of the city first severed from it, see Ibid. p.
That it was a prison for the King's prisoners before 1135, and was
taken by King Stephen from Hugh Bigot.
That he was made constable in 1163. That it was taken by the
Flemings in 1174, and surrendered again to the King, who in 1184,
fined the citizens for encroaching on the liberties of it, see Ibid. p.
That in 1189, King Richard I. made Roger son of Hugh Bigot
Earl of Norfolk, and constable of the castle, who in 1212, joined the
rebellious barons against King John, who seized the castle on that
account, and soon after made Hubert de Burgh governour of it, who
appointed his brother Thomas keeper thereof, who was forced to surrender it to Lewis and his Frenchmen, who joined the barons, see Ibid.
p. 36, 40, 41.
But in 1217, on Lewis's departure to France, Hubert de Burgh took
possession of it again, and on Roger Bigod's reconciliation, he was
again constituted constable thereof, and died so in 1220; and it continued in his family till 1224, when the King took it into his hands.
In 1240, the custody of the castle was committed to the sheriff, and
in 1260, the city magistrates were forced to sue for a royal pardon,
for presuming to enter into the liberty of the castle; and in 1266, it
was sacked by the disinherited barons.
In 1273, Roger Bigot Earl of Norfolk had the custody of it granted
him, see Ibid. p. 60, 66, 76.
In 1293, it was a county gaol, (see Ibid. p. 66,) and the prior allowed
yearly ten quarters of wheat baked into bread, 6s. 8d. to the constable,
18d. to the constable's clerk, 12d. to the watchman, 18d. to William
de Knapton, the sheriff's esquire, and 40s. on Candlemas day to the
In 1300, Rog. Bigod resigned it into the King's hands; and in 1312,
Tho. de Brotherton became constable here, and fitted up the castle in
the manner we now see it, except its battlements, which though so
great an ornament to this ancient pile, were not many years since
taken down. See Ibid. p. 67.
In 1325, it was ordained that the first general sessions of the peace
should be held in the shire-house within the limits and fee of the
In 1339, it was annexed to the sheriff's office, for a publick gaol for
the county of Norfolk, as it still remains; (Ibid. p. 86;) which produced an inquisition in 1344, to know whether the fee of the castle
belonged to the Earl of Norfolk, or the King, and it was found to be
the King's, (Ibid. p. 88,) who the same year granted it to the city, except the then shire-house, and site of the castle to the outside of the
inner ditch surrounding the said castle, according to the bounds of the
county lately set out there, (see Ibid. p. 91,) where the account of it
may be seen at large.
In 1381, the custody of the King's gaol here was granted to John
de Gray for life, and the 20l. per annum allowed to the sheriff, and
anciently to the constable of the castle for keeping the gaol, was to be
allowed and paid to the said John at the Exchequer for such custody
In 1396, the city granted divers parcels of the Castle-meadow (fn. 2) by
the castle ditches, to be built upon, and by a renewal of the rental of
the castle-fee, in 1485, it appears that part of the castle ditches, built
and not built upon, were in, and extended into, the parishes of St.
Martin at Bale, St. Peter Mancroft, St. Andrew, St. Michael at Plea,
St. Cuthbert, St. Peter per Montergate, and St. John of Timberhill,
and the houses built upon them paid 29l. per annum city rent.
In 1509, the city paid 54s. and 4d. to the King, reserved rent for the
castle ditches and leet.
In 1610, the King allowed 20l. fee per annum to the keeper of the
Originally, all the fees that belonged to the King and Earl, paid
ward-money to guard this castle; many of which were remitted by
divers Kings, and others continued till the late troubles.
The Abbot of St. Edmund used to pay the castle-guard of 40 fees
till King Stephen's time, (fn. 3) and then he remitted it, on condition that
Hugh Bigot should pay castle-guard for all his fees that he held of
Bury abbey, to this castle; and it appears, that the abbot used to pay
to the sheriff yearly for castle-guard and wait-fee 16l. 3s. 4d. for his
eight hundreds and half, 6l. 13s. 4d. rent, which he collected of the
tenants that held the fees of him, every 20 weeks.
The Bishop of Norwich, before the exchange of his old revenues
and barony, paid 17l. 2s. per annum castle-ward and waitfee, and 16s.
quitrent, for the town of Lyn and hundred of Hoxne.
Hervy, the first Bishop of Ely, obtained the favour of Henry I. to
have a charter of exemption for all the lands given by Tombert and
Ethelfled to Ely monastery from castle-guard service.
The Abbot of Langley paid 3s. 9d. ob. q. every seven weeks, to the
ward of the castle, &c.
This castle was defended by a wall round the hill it stands on, and
three ditches also round it; the extent of the outermost ditch reached
on the west part, to the edge of the present market-place; on the
north, to London-lane, as it is now called, which it included; and on
the east, almost to Conisford-street; the postern or back entrance was
on the north-east part, for a communication to the site of the Earl's
palace, the precinct of which joined to it, and contained the whole,
between the outward ditch and Tombland; the southern part reached
to the Golden-ball-lane, at the entrance of which the grand gate stood,
from which there were bridges over each of the ditches, the first hath
been immemorially destroyed, but the ruins of the second remained
till the ditches were lately levelled by the city, for to keep their market for all manner of cattle, swine, &c. the third is still left, which
hath one arch only under it, but of such dimensions, if it was open to
the bottom (great part of it being stopped with earth) that I believe
very few in England exceed it; the gate on the bridge is now in ruins.
The castle is square, having a court within it, and
A Chapel of most ancient foundation, which is dedicated to St.
Nicholas, is a royal free-chapel, and as such, is exempt from all
episcopal jurisdiction whatever, being visitable by the King only.
In 1221, the Dean of Norwich was forced to supplicate for pardon,
for pretending to any jurisdiction within the castle or its limits, or over
any of the tenants dwelling in the castle fee; and upon inquisition
taken, concerning the exercise of spiritual jurisdiction in the fee of
the castle, the following return was made, which was sent to all that
exercised any spiritual jurisdiction in the diocese, to be entered in
their offices, that they might not plead ignorance for the future;
and accordingly it remains in the 7th register of the priory of Norwich, now in the Dean and Chapter's office, fo. 68, it being in old
French, and is thus translated:
The Free Chapel in Norwich Castle.
In the castle of Norwich, is a chapel which is called the King's
Free Chapel, because the chaplain there daily sings, as he is obliged,
for the souls of all the Kings before and since the Conquest, and the said
chapel hath the following liberties, and had before the Conquest, that
if all England be interdicted, but the King's chapel, the chaplain of
this chapel can sing his mass by note in the said chapel; and neither
archbishops, bishops, nor none of their officers, have or ought to have
any visitation or correction in the fee of the castle, by reason of the
franchise of the said chapel; but the chaplain of the said chapel hath
the sole spiritual jurisdiction or correction of all the tenants of the
castle fee, in such a manner that no official whether the dean of Norwich city or any other in the town, hath to do with it. The chapel
aforesaid hath no right of burial, and for that reason the tenants of the
castle-fee have anciently used their several parish churches for that
purpose, and paid their tithes and offerings, and received the rites of
holy church in their life, and at their death. But all those that die
in the castle, as well prisoners as others, must be buried in the churchyard of St. Martin in the Bailifwick."
And accordingly the wills of all dying in the fee, were proved before
the constable of the castle, and afterwards before the sheriff of the
county, who supplied that place, and the chaplain of the chapel, the
former having the jurisdiction and probate, as to all temporal estates,
in like manner as the city hath in their liberty, and the latter of all
personalty, as appears by those wills, which relate to the personals only,
being proved solely before the chaplain, whose seal of office only is
affixed to them all. In 1304, John de Bliburgh, blacksmith, had
his will proved before the constable, chaplain, sheriff, &c.
The Prior of Norwich always paid a pension of 20s. to the chaplain,
and usually presented the sheriff with 40s. at Christmas.
The chaplain, since the Dissolution, is appointed by the justices
of peace for the county, from whom he receives 16l. per annum for
his attendance on them, and service in the chapel, and is removeable
at their pleasures; the Bishop used to pay him 4l. per annum as ordinary of the goal; for in ancient times in the King's courts, where
felonies were determined, the Bishop or his deputy, was to attend to
inform the court whether the felon could read as a clerk, or not: for
since the statute of the 18th Elizabeth, every man to whom benefit of
clergy is granted, hath been put to read at the bar, after he had been
found guilty and convicted of the felony, and so burnt in the hand
and set free for the first time, if the ordinary standing by, did say,
legit ut clericus, i. e. he reads like a clerk, or otherwise he was to be
hanged. But the ordinaries, according to the doctrine of the church
they represented, willing rather to err in mercy than judgment,
usually saved such offenders, hoping they might repent of their former errours, which occasioned reading at the bar to be wholly laid
aside; for by the statute of 5th Anne, cap. 6, if any person convict of
such felony for which he ought to have the benefit of clergy, doth pray
the benefit of this act, he shall not be required to read, but shall be
punished as a clerk convict; from which time the necessity of the
ordinary's attendance at the assizes being taken away, the Bishop withdrew the stipend which was allowed for that purpose.
The Rev. Mr. Jonathan Thornton is now  chaplain.
(52) The Old Shire-house.
Called anciently Curia Comitatûs, stood in the parish of St. John of
Timberhill, on the left hand of the entrance by the grand gate; on
part of the ruins of which, there are stables lately built; here all the
county business used to be done, and the assizes held; but in 1579, it
was ruined, and the present shire-house built, which joins to the north
side of the castle, and hath two convenient courts for the judges to sit
in, and a grandjury chamber, in which the evidences of the county are
reposited. There is also
(53) A House erected on the hill at the south-east part, a little
distance from the castle, for the gaoler to dwell in.
(54) The Church of St. John Baptist of Timberhill
Stands at the north end of Berstrete, or Burgh-street, as it was anciently called, because it led to the burgh or castle.
This church is mentioned in old evidences by several names, as St.
John ad Montem or at the Hill; afterwards Timber-hill, because the
timber-market was kept at the joining of the cross streets before the
churchyard; St. John at the Castle-gate, because of its nearness to it;
and St. John by the Swine-market, which was formerly kept on AllSaints-green.
This church was founded by Wodowin the priest, (fn. 4) who gave it,
soon after its foundation, to the monastery of Norwich which was
then founded, and it was always appropriated to that house, and applied to the use of the infirmary there, the keeper of which, by virtue
of his office, always received the whole profits of the parish, out of
which he repaired the chancel, found a stipendiary priest daily to
serve the church; and the overplus was applied to bear part of the
charges of his office, in supporting the sick monks, &c. (fn. 5) The monks
being disturbed in their possession in Henry the First's time, that
King directed his writ to the Bishop, which is dated at Roan in Normandy, commanding him to permit the monks to hold it peaceably
and freely, in as ample a manner as Wodowin gave it them; and
unless he did so, he would send his writ to the Archbishop, and command him to look to it. Upon which, no Bishop ever after molested them about it. It was valued at 15s. paid 3d. synodals, but was
not taxed to any first fruits, tenths, or other payments.
The church consists of a nave, which is thatched, a chancel tiled, a
south porch and two isles with chapels at their east ends, which are
all leaded; the tower is square and hath five bells, on the biggest is
Per me fideles inborantur ad Preces.
On the north side of the chancel is our Lady's chapel, part of
which is now the vestry, at the entrance of which stood our Lady's
box for offerings; this was founded in 1494, by John le Grice, Gent.
who was buried in the midst of it in the year 1500; his stone lies
there still, but his brass inscription is gone; he gave a new antiphonary and processionary to it. His arms, impaling
Bateman, his wife, remain carved on a seat, and those of
Le Grice quartering Bateman, impaling quarterly five cinquefoils,
quartering bendy of six, on a canton a castle, over all, a label of three
In the north isle are stones for, Eliz. Rand 1675. John Clackson
1626. David Son of Augustine Clackson 1660. Gridgori Bootti 1648.
In the nave, John Benison 1742, 49. Grace Bently 1727. John
Bently 1733. Grace Anderson 1728. George Bennet 1695. Phillis
his Wife 1686. George Bennet 1697. John Son of John and Elizabeth Bennet 1708. Alderman Simon Whistler 1682. Simon his Son
1673. Tho. Cowden 1699. Eliz. Nat. & 3 Annes, Children of Tho.
& Eliz. his wife.
By the font is a stone in the middle alley, which shows that Charles
Woolmer died in 1724; the brass that came off it, is loose in the chest,
and hath this on it,
Orate pro anima Katerine Dunnyng, que obiit Ao. Dni. MoccccoIriro.
In the south chapel was buried Robert Hales in 1436, and gave
40s. towards repairing it; this was also a chapel of St. Mary. In it
and the south isle are stones for Anne Wife of John Perkinson 1686,
and John their Son. Anne Wife of Tounesend Sheringham 1729,
æt. 40, and nine of their Children. John Perkinson 1705, æt. 63.
John Perkinson 1705, æt. 60.
There are no stones in the altar rails, and those in the chancel are
for, Christr. Browne 1710, 57. Christ. Browne 1718, 61. Barbara
Wife of Ric. Evans 1656. Eliz. Evans 1674. Eliz. Evans the third
of that name 1681. Eliz. Evans 1669. Margt. Evans 2d of that
Name 1682. Will. Son of Ric. & Barbara Evans 1670.
In 1385, Henry Skye buried in the church. 1438, John son of
Will. Sporle buried in the church by his father. 1447, Will. Butte,
merchant, in St. Mary's chapel, and gave five marks to repair it.
Here was an image of St. Christopher, with a light burning before it.
1475, Walter Geffrey, alderman, buried in the church; and in 1493,
Tho. Alicok, who gave 10 marks to buy a cope; and in 1479, John
Erpyngham, gyrdeler, gave a legacy to the light burning before our
Lord's sepulchre in Easter time.
The following were Parish Priests, Chaplains, or perpetual Curates here.
1303, Sir Roger, parish priest. 1455, Sir John Pallyng, chaplain.
1492, Sir Will. Arnold, canon of Chaply-Field. 1494, Sir Rob. Swetman, buried in All-Saints church. 1555, Sir Rob. Fitton. 1563, Tho.
Pidcock, perpetual curate. 1577, John Perkin. 1582, Will. Singer.
1590, Rob. Withers, his stipend was taxed at 6s. 8d. to the Queen.
1598, Tho. Woodward. 1608, Tho. Robinson, 1617, Will. Merricke,
Rector, he always subscribed the register by that name, (1632, Gulielmus Merricke, rector hujus ecclesiæ per quindecem annos, et tunc
anima ejus ad superos feliciter migravit.) 1632, Tho. Horne, perpetual curate, licensed as such. 1662, John Vicars. 1682, John Shaw.
1688, John Richardon. 1723, Tho. Manlove.
It is a perpetual curacy in the nomination of the Dean and
Chapter, who are impropriators. The Rev. Mr. John Brooks is now
 curate. It hath the Queen's bounty, but no endowment at
all. Dean Prideaux places the arbitrary contributions in his time, at
20l. but now they do not much exceed 10l. per annum. There is
neither glebe nor house, though in 1504, the prior released 20d. part
of a rent of 2s. issuing out of the houses which abut south on the
churchyard, given by the will of Robert de Eston, coverlet weaver,
for the dwelling of the parish priest. (Regr. I. Pr. fo. 275.)
Mr. Kirkpatrick says, that Sir Rob. Swetman, as parish priest,
dwelt there; that the 2s. belonged to the infirmary, and that the
whole but 2d. a year was released, on condition it should be kept as
a mansion-house for the parish priest, according to the will of Eston
the donor; that sometime after the Dissolution, the parishioners had
it; that three tenements were let by the church-wardens, and that
afterwards Mr. Freeman held it of Christ church.
Anciently there was a recluse dwelt in a little cell joining to the
north side of the steeple, but it was down before the Dissolution; in
1641, Tho. Hinderby and Anne his wife, with general consent, rebuilt
it, and dwelt there to their deaths, and then the parish pulled it down,
finding it made the churchyard publick, which now hath no common
passage through it.
In 1585, this parish paid 14s. 2d. knight's meat, and 32s. 6d. taske
or tax; and in 1586, John Leech of Norwich, wax-chandeler, and
John Cotwyn, tailor, for the mere good will and affection which they
did bear unto the parish of St. John, moved partly in conscience to
prefer the same, (to use their own words,) did settle on feoffees for the
use of the parish, one tenement parcel of a tenement called Segoresinn, with a yard, and out-houses thereto belonging, with liberty of a
well, &c. the clear revenues of which are to be employed for ever
" towards the payment and discharge of the Queene's Majesties taxe,
or other like exaction generall, within the said parish, and to none
other use or intent." In 1714, the feoffees leased it at 3l. 10s. per
annum for 21 years, to Mr. Townsand Sheringham, grocer, and it pays
one halfpenny landgable to the city.
In 1666, Rob. Rosse, Gent. gave certain houses to the city, on
condition that two boys or girls be maintained in the city hospitals;
and the court ordered that two girls should be always maintained in
the Girls-hospital, to be taken one from the parish of St. John Timberhill, and the other from All-Saints, provided the parishes or their
parents put the said girls into convenient apparel and linen at their
admissions; and that the aldermen of that ward give convenient
notice to the officers of the parishes, to present two such girls to be
John Dockyng gave 5l. and Tho. Newham 10l. to be lent to the
poor men of the parish, on security given; but both gifts are lost.
There is service here once every fortnight, and this is one of the
four parishes where Hall's sacramental lectures are preached.
There is a silver cup, salver, and plate. The register shows, that
in 1559, 64 persons were buried here; in 1535, 55; and in 1665,72;
the plague being here in those years.
There is an ancient parish book beginning in 1555, with this,
"Jesus have Mercy upon us, Amen payd the Orgayn Playr 18d. for
fitting up the Sepulchre 3d. for stayning the Hye Awter xs. received
of St. Michael's parish at Christmas xs. of St. Martin's at Bale xs. of
All-Saints at Lady xvijs. xjd."
The religious concerned here were, the Prior of St. Faith, the
Prioress of Carrow, he Master of St. Giles's hospital, the Abbot of
Holm, who had 5s. per annum out of houses in the Swyne-market,
given by Clement le Moine of Burnham; and in 1303, John de Weston
had a grant of the Jews lands forfeited here, and Roger Beamund,
merchant, and Beatrix his wife, released a messuage to the prior and
The hog-market was anciently kept on All-Saints-green, which is
called the Old Swine-market, in all ancient evidences; thence it was
carried to Hog-hill in this parish, which received its name on that
account, but it is since removed to the castle-ditches. The old shirehouse in the castle-ditches was within the bounds of this parish, and
in Edward the First's time, the outermost ditch of the county (the
city not then having the castle ditches) reached near this churchyard.
(55) The Church Of All-Saints
Is a rectory, which belonged to the Crown, till King Stephen, when
he founded Carrow abbey, gave it to that house, which it hath constantly attended to this day.
It was valued at first at 40s. and afterwards in the King's Books at
3l. 14s. 4d. ob.; but being sworn under value, it was discharged, and
is capable of augmentation. It hath a parsonage-house, which joins
to the east part of the churchyard, the south end reaching the street;
it is now let at about 5l. per annum; and about 5 acres and 1 rood
glebe, called Alldery Hollond Close, near St. Giles's-gates, let at 11l.
per annum. The herbage of gardens and lands lying within the walls
amounts to about 2l. per annum, and the voluntary contributions comes
to about 4l. per annum more. Dr. Prideaux tells us, the endowment
in his time was 15l. per annum, and the contributions 8l.; it paid 6d.
synodals, is subject to the visitation of the Archdeacon of Norwich,
but was not taxed, and now pays neither first fruits nor tenths.
In 1576, the rector sued for 8d. in the noble, tithe, for the rents of
houses; but it was proved, that it was not the custom of any parish in
Norwich to pay according to the bare rent of any houses, without
ground; but according to the substance, occupation, and abilities of
the tenants, which is taxed by the parishioners themselves. (fn. 6) There is
service here once in a fortnight.
This church hath the following different names in evidences, AllSaints by Timberhill, because of its nearness to the timber-market.
All-Saints in the old Swyne-market, because the green before it, now
called Aldery-holland-green, or All-Saints-green, was the first swinemarket in the city; All-Saints by Berstreet, and All-Saints in
Nedham, and often All-hallows, or Aldery-hallows.
Rectors Presented by the Prior and convent.
1309, Jeffery de Wotton.
1314, John Levyngs of Causton.
1318, Walter le Claver of Disse.
1323, Will. Hervy of Swerdeston, resigned.
1329, John de Bekham.
1349, Tho. son of Tho. Tabern of Litcham.
1361, Will. Colyns.
1386, Adam Smyth, buried in 1396, in the chancel.
1396, John Dove of Antingham, resigned.
1423, John Howlet, resigned.
1435, Henry Boole, resigned.
1436, Tho. Rodeland, resigned, in exchange for Ewston, with Tho.
Stanford, who died rector.
1453, Simon Thornham, resigned.
1454, Rob. Pilgrim, resigned.
1457, Ric. Anysson, deprived.
1460, Sir Will. Swetman, the elder, buried in the nave by the
entrance into the chancel with this on a brass plate:
Of your Charite ye that here for by gone,
Prey for the Sowle of Syr Mill. Swetman.
1503, Will. Swetman the younger, buried by his uncle in the church
1510, John Baker, O.
1518, John Coke. Tho. Waterman was the last presented by the
1548, Ric. Clipper. Anne, relict of Sir John Shelton, Knt.
owner of Carrow. John Parkins, died rector.
1579, Ric. Peryall. Sir Ralf Shelton, Knt. Deprived.
1584, Rob. Withers, buried here in 1597, and was succeeded by
Tho. Pearsey or Pearson. Sir Ralph Shelton, Knt.
1602, Gregory Swan. Devereux Greenwood. Buried
1611, and was succeeded by Robert Murdon. Sir Charles Cornwaleis, Knt.
1614, John Moyse, buried here in Sept. 1625.
1626, Millecent, wife of Will. Delphe, minister, (curate to Mr.
Hatley,) buried here.
1626, Will. Good, resigned. Humphry May, Knt.
1626, Christopher Hatley, buried here, for whom there is a stone
in the chancel near the entrance of the vestry, thus inscribed,
Here under lyeth the Body of that grave, loval, and orthodox
Divine, Mr. Christopher Hatley, who was Minister of this Parish
52 Years, he lived 77 Years, and died July 8, 1679, in the 77
Yeare of his Age, and by him lyeth Sarah his faithfull Wife,
and Eliz. his Daughter.
While they lived they learned to dye,
To live with Christ eternally.
Sarah died 1670, æt. 64. Eliz. 1647.
1680, Will. Kelyng. Charles Pigeon, Esq. this turn. Buried
1685, and was succeeded by Charles Robyns, who was presented by
Nat. Axtell, and held it by union, with the consolidated rectories
of St. Julian, St. Edward, and St. Clement in Conisford, resigned.
1688, Steph. Griggs, ditto. Deprived. (See p. 81.)
1691, Will. Dalton, ditto.
1704, Henry Shepey, ditto. Resigned.
1737, Charles Ames, clerk, to the consolidated rectories of All
Saints, St. Julian, St. Edward, and St. Clement in Conisford. Rob.
Moreton, Esq. patron in fee, united to Ringland vicarage. He was
succeeded by John Blackburne, by whose cession in
1742, The Rev. Mr. Richard Brooke, the present  rector,
was instituted on the presentation of Rob. Morton, Esq. patron in
The church hath its north vestry, nave, and chancel thatched, a
south porch and north isle leaded, and anciently there was an anchor
or hermite, who had an anchorage in or adjoining to the church.
The tower is square and hath three bells, on two of which,
2d. Gallus vocor, Ego solus, super omnia sono.
3d. O Magdalena, duc nos ad Gaudia plena..
There was formerly an altar dedicated to St. John, and a gild of St.
Eloy or Loy kept here.
1446, John Flye was buried in the church, and gave 40s. towards a
1453, Margaret, wife of Ralf Pygot, buried in the church. 1466,
Sir Thomas Rodeland, priest, late rector, buried in the chancel by
Will. Rudlond, his father, and paid 6s. 8d. "for brekyng the Ground,
to ould Oudolff, for the Pardon of St. Tho. of Acrys 20d." 1471,
Robert Sampson buried in the chancel. 1476, Will. Hew, butcher,
in the church. 1532, Margaret, widow of Henry Larke, in the
churchyard, and gave a legacy towards gilding of the rodeloft.
Under the altar is an old brass with this.
Hic iacet Thomas Glemesford Capelanus, cuisus anime propicietur
And in the Rails are memorials for, Will. and Mary Tovey 1669.
Jehosaphat and Anne Tovey their Children 1673. Edmund Son of
John and Mary Tovey 1674. Susanna their Daughter 1678. John
their Son 1680.
Mary the vertuous Wife of Mr. Tho. Tovey 1693.
Etsi mortua, tamen chara
Etsi chara, tamen mortua mihi,
Mortuum est Corpus suum,
Chara est Memoria sua.
Stones in the chancel; Theoph. Cullyer 1687. Anne, Daughter
of Tho. Utber Senior, of Hooe, 1646.
There is a vault at the east end, in which are two coffins of lead.
1. John Atkinson, Mayor in 1702, died 27 March 1711, 77. He
gave a silver salver to the altar.
2. His wife. His hatchment hangs on the north side of the
Crest, an eagle's head erased sab.
Atkinson. Arg. an eagle displayed sab. on a chief az. a cinquefoil between two marlets or, impaling, quarterly 1, or, a bend gul.
surmounted with a fess vert. 2, gul. a griffin saliant ar. 3, gul. a
chevron vert, between three spread eagles ar. 4 as 1.
In the nave are buried, Susanna Wife of Sam. Austin 1715, 37.
John Baxter 1707. Sarah his Wife 1708. Peter Watts Senior 1706.
Sarah his Daughter 1712, 23. John Watts 1742, 36. Margaret
Wife of John Dunch Wine Cooper 1707, 24.
In Time of Trouble then her Vertue shin'd,
In all Conditions equal was her Mind.
In the north isle. Lucy Webster 1735. Edw. Boot 1740, 95,
Rob. Boot 1742, 70. Margaret his Wife 1742, 72. Eliz. Cocks
Dear Child! her Life was short
The longer is her Rest,
God calls in Mercy first,
Those whom he loveth best.
Mathew Son of Rob. and Julian Howard 1657. Thomas another
Son 1660. Hannah a Daughter 1652.
To mourn for thee were Sin,
Rejoice we rather,
That thou hast got,
An everlasting Father.
Francis Dr. of Henry & Prudence High 1712, 10. Will. & Anne
two other Children 1701. Mr. Henry High one of his Majesties
Coroners for this City 14 Years, who married Prudence Daughter of
Will. Hase, 1732, 67. & eleven of their children. Richard Son of
Will. Hase 1696. Will. a Son 1683. Jane a Daughter 1679.
Ric. Hase 1684. Anne his Wife 1647. Prudence Dr. of John Burton, Grandchild to Ric. Hase 1673. Will. Son of Ric. Hase 1712,
67. Frances his Wife 1724, 78. 4 of their Children, and 7 of their
There is a fine old font, having the 12 Apostles, St. Michael and
the dragon, and many saints and confessors carved on it, and not far
distant in the middle alley, is a large marble with the following inscription and arms in a lozenge, though the arms are wrong cut.
Turner of Essex. Ermines on a cross quartered arg. four ferdu-Molins sab. quartering
Dawney, arg. a bend sab. three annulets of the field.
Here lyeth the Body of Sarah Turner under the same stone,
late deceased, which was purchased by her Brother Robert
Dawney, for the use of his Body next, and noe other, untill the
Decease of him,
And while she lived, she desired to learn to dye,
That her Soul might live with Christ to eternitye.
Sarah Turner died the 14 Day of June 1687.
In the porch are buried, Mary Wife of John Laurence 1736, 58.
Ester Wife of John Lawrence 1696, and John her Son. Mary
Daughter of John and Ester Laurance 1727, 40.
On an altar tomb opposite to the chancel door, John Budwell
1733, 87. Mary his Wife 1733, 89.
In Innocence and Vertue, void of Strife,
They passed an inoffensive Life.
John Tuley their Grandson 1733, 11. 4 Children & 13
There is a silver cup and cover, the gift of Mr. Jehosophat Davie to
he parish church of All-Saints in Norwich, 1669.
A girl out of this parish is to be maintained in the Girls-hospital,
of Robert Rosse's gift, which see under St. John of Timberhill.
In 1525, Tho. Clerk, alderman, gave a pair of chalices weighing 8
ounces, to this church, for the soule of John Levolfe late heremite.
Sir Will. Swetman, senior, gave a legacy to be added to that given
by Sir Tho. Perse, clerk, to buy an altar cloth for the high-altar; and
a mass book to St. John's altar, for the souls of Sir Nic. Derham,
priest, Tho. Derham and Alice his wife, his father and mother.
There are two houses on the west side of All-Saints green, called
the Parish-houses, given to the repair of the church; they are opposite to the church porch; I find they were owned by Will. Russell,
immediately before they were in the hands of parishioners; which
makes me imagine he gave them; though it is said they were given by
Will. Tuck, but I do not find him as an owner, only first feoffee.
In Queen Elizabeth's time, the mayor and court licensed the
butchers, notwithstanding the statute, to kill cattle within the city
walls, according to license granted by the privy council, but confined
them to Berstreet and All-Saints-green only; on which, at that time,
there was a common-well, and a pit called
(56) Jack's-pit, which was at the south end of the Green, and is
now filled up, and partly built upon; a piece of ground near it and
the said pit, was leased by the city in 1701, for 1000 years at 3l. per
annum to Ric. Buck.
The religious concerned here were, the Prioress of Carrow, the
Master of the hospital of St. Giles, Dean of the Chapel in the Fields,
Abbot of Holm, and Prior of Bromholm, who in 1317, purchased the
house, which joins on the east part, to that which hath the sign of the
city of Norwich, of Ralf de Baketon, and made it a lodging, house of
entertainment, or inn, called
(57) The Holy Cross of Bromholm, to which the prior, or any
of his monks, always resorted when they came hither, and entertained
others of their own order there, in a publick manner.
(58) St. Michael's at Thorn,
Called in ancient evidences, St. Michael in Berstreet, and ad Spinas,
or at the Thorns, and even to this day, a very large thorn remains
growing in the churchyard: I find it also in the most ancient deeds
called, St. Michael super Montem, or St. Miles on the Hill, from its
It was anciently a rectory appendant to the castle, till the Conqueror gave it Fitz-Walter, along with St. Martin at the Bale, and his
descendant gave it, with that church, to the priory of St. Faith at
Horsham, when he founded it; both which he got appropriated, on
condition that the Prior should serve it by a stipendiary chaplain, as
was done till the Dissolution.
It paid originally 12d. synodals, but the revenues were so mean that
it was not taxed at Walter's taxation; and the synodals were after
reduced on the same account.
The steeple was built in 1430, at which time there was an image of
our Lady on the north side of the church; and there were a so two
gilds, the one of St. Austin, and the other of St. William, held here.
In 1680, the court contributed 21l. 10s. towards the repairs of the
It is now a donative in the donation of John Lord Hobart of
1324, John, parish chaplain. Rob. Gray. Martin Stebbing.
3d Edward VI. Sir Andrew Colby, parish priest.
1633, Christopher Hatley. Sir John Hobart, Bart. donor.
1637, Robert Tyte, A. M. to the churches of St. Martin, and St.
Michael in Berstreet, on the donation of Sir John Hobart of
The Rev. Mr. Stephen Norris is the present  minister.
It hath service once in a fortnight.
The steeple is sqare and hath three bells; the nave, chancel, north
vestry, and south porch, are all tiled.
I find the following persons interred here.
1617, Abraham Leaman died March 18, he gave 4l. for a parish
stock, which was afterwards lost.
Wythe, az. three griffins in pale or.
John Wythe Gent. died Oct. 22, 1717, aged 72, without issue, and
left the poor and needy his heirs, and an indulgent widow, who out
of love and gratitude laid this stone.
Clare wife of Ric. Hase, and neice to John Wythe Gent. 30 April,
1731, Æt. 49.
Wythe impales Atkinson, erm a fess between three pheons sab.
Clere wife of John Wythe daughter of John Atkinson, Sept. 23,
1695. Mary wife of John Wythe Gent. and daughter of Rob. Johnson of Horsford Gent. Aug. 17, 1705, Æt. 32.
Bacon, quartering on a fess three leopards heads.
Hic. jacet Corpus Richardi Bacon Filij Nicholai Bacon de
Gillingham in Agro Norfolciensi Armigeri, qui infans obijt 24
Ric. son of John and Francis Plunket 166--. Hamond Eastgate
and Ursula his wife, he died 1684, she 1685. Kat. wife of James
Bradshaw 1591. John Smith an infant 1651. Margaret wife of
Henry Baily grocer 1637.
In the 2d north window is the following shield of arms,
Quarterly S. and gul. on a fess arg. three martlets of the second,
in the first quarter a mullet arg. for difference.
The Prior of St. John of Jerusalem had rents, &c. in this parish.
There is a house leased out at 30s. per annum belonging to the
In 1724, the overseers were charged by the city with a rent of 30s.
per annum due for a tenement late built by one Wilson, holden at loose
farm, but it had not been paid for 11 years past.
The house over against the church with a large garden, of 3 or 4
acres thereto belonging was anciently John Corbet's; then Edward
Southwell's, after that Alderman Tho. Grene's; after that Sir Nicholas
Bacon's city house; and during the time Bishop Reynold's was repairing the palace, he dwelt there; it was a grand house, but is now
converted into small tenements.
(59) St. Bartholomew's Church in Berstreet,
Called sometimes St. Bartholomew per Mountergate, was a rectory
valued at 2l. 13s. 4d. in the King's Books; it paid no first fruits but
5s. 4d. tenths, till its destruction; 6d. synodals, and 8d. procurations;
the advowson of it was given by John, son of Rob. le Masun, to the
Prior of Wymondham. (fn. 7)
Rectors presented by the convent of Windham.
1310, Sir Robert.
1312, Ralf Treghe.
1313, Alan de Wyseth.
1315, Jeffery de Snitterley.
1342, Will. Gottis of South Reppes, resigned.
1343, Rob. de South Reppes, resigned.
1344, Rob. de Bury of Bukenham; he died in 1389, and was buried
in the chancel, and gave 3s. a year to the rector for ever, out of his
tenement in this parish.
1390, Edm. Erle.
1401, John Ham of Swannington, resigned.
1408, Elias Masoun, resigned.
1410, Peter Parlet.
1411, John Bowde, who changed with John Hawkins for Hildebronde's hospital; (see p. 71;) and soon after Bowde was instituted
John Grond, died rector.
1415, Sir Simon Anable resigned, and from this time all the following
rectors were instituted by lapse.
1417, George Powr.
1449, John Foster.
1462, John Bemplow.
1464, John Foster again.
1492, Tho. Pekke.
1493, Tho. Dynne.
1500, John Feld.
1527, Brother George Knyfe, the last rector,
For in 1549, the rectory, advowson, and church, which came to the
Crown at the dissolution of Windham abbey, were granted by King
Edward VI. to Ralf Sadler and Laurence Wynington, and the heirs of
Ralf, to be held in free soccage of East-Greenwich manor, by fealty
only: and soon after, the church was desecrated, the two bells and
ornaments which belonged to it were carried to St. John Sepulchre's
church, to which parish it was consolidated, as it now remains.
The church is now standing, though the chancel hath been ruinated
a long time; the south porch, and tower, which was square, are also
standing, but the top part of it is taken down to the roof of the church;
the churchyard was large, it is now much built upon, and is owned by
Justice Spurrel, who purchased it of Mr. French, who still owns about
3 acres of glebe in Lakenham field, which belonged to it. It stands on
the east side of Berstreet, just on the south side of Skeygate-lane,
which was anciently called St. Bartilnew's-lane.
In 1371, Tho. de Trows, citizen, buried here. 1522, Edmund Michelles was buried in the church, in which St. Bartholomew's gild
was yearly kept.
Between Skeygate-lane, which leads from Berstreet to Conisford,
on the north part of St. Bartholomew's churchyard, was one tenement
only, which belonged to the Prior of Bukenham.
The messuage joining to the south side of the churchyard, and the
close at the east end of it, was given to the parish by Richard Drew,
chaplain, and assigned to the parishioners of St. John Sepulchre, when
this parish was united; and they, in 1626, leased it out to Thomas
Green, alderman; and now Justice Spurrel hath it; there were only
two messuages more in this parish on this side of the way, both which
were John de Eston's; that most north he sold, and it continued always
a private property; but the most southern one Rob. de Eston gave to
the curate of the parish, for his dwelling, and it now belongs to the
parishioners of St. John.
In this parish, on the west side of the way almost opposite to the
church, is a tenement belonging to the parishioners of St. John, formerly Nic. Hullok's, which was probably given by him to the parish
of St. Bartholomew.
Many houses here paid small rents to St. Faith's monastery, they
being held of that fee. I am informed the parish ground-rents are
about 3l. per annum, and that the close belongs to the hospital.
(60) The Church of St. John Baptist And The Holy Sepulchre In Berstreet,
Commonly called St. John at the Gates, from its nearness to Berstreetgates, was built in the Confessor's time, but after the survey taken by
that Prince, in which it occurs not; and seems to have been founded
by William de Bellofago or Beaufo Bishop of Thetford, who died in
1091, and left it to his son, Ric. de Beaufo, who held it in alms as
rector, of the King's donation, (Pt. I. p. 465, note 8,) after his death,
Eborard Bishop of Norwich purchased the advowson, with that of St.
Nicholas at Brakendale, of King Stephen, (fn. 8) and gave and appropri
ated it to the monks, to the use of their infirmary. It appears by the
Conquoror's survey, that two of the Earl of Norfolk's tenants disseized this church of two acres of glebe, but the Earl regranted it to the
rector. (See Pt. I. p. 15, &c.) The keeper of the infirmary received all
the profits, repaired the chancel, and paid the curate or parish chaplain annually for his service; at the appropriation the convent
received all the tithes of many lands without the gates, in right of this
church; all which are abuttalled in the 6th Register of the Prior and
Convent, fo. 84. Besides the glebe which laid in those fields, the
parsonage-house and orchard which joins to the south-east part of the
churchyard, belonged to the parish chaplain till some time after the
Dissolution, but are now leased out by the dean and chapter, who
enjoys the glebe, tithes, &c. that belonged to it.
The curate receives out of Bokenham's-house in Berstreet 10s. per
annum, (fn. 9) and the rent of some tenements in the parish of St. James,
now amounting to about 6l. per annum, which were given by Thomas
Doughty, Gent. "for the better mayntenance of a weekly and every
week preaching minister in the parish of St. John Sepulchre in Berstreet, and of the parish clerk attending such minister. And for the
default of such preaching minister, for the benefit of the poore of
the said parish." The curate here is to preach Mr. Craske's sermon
annually, (see Pt. I. p. 380,) and Alderman Church's sermon, for
which see Ibid. p. 421. It hath the Queen's bounty, with which no
purchase is as yet made. Dean Prideaux makes the endowment in
his time 4l. and the contributions 16l. and the whole now is estimated
at 30l. per annum. Here is a sermon every Plow-Monday, which the
curate hath 10s. for, of the gift of Mrs. Kemp, for which an estate in
Heydon is tied.
It is now a perpetual curacy, in the nomination of the dean and
chapter, who are impropriators
Parish Priests, Chaplains, or perpetual Curates.
1158, Sir Richard, parish priest. 1492, Sir Ric. Tomson, chaplain.
1530, Sir Richard Skippe, chaplain, buried in the chancel this year.
1558, Sir Will. Seman, buried here, and was then succeeded by George
Edwards, perpetual curate. 1560, Mr. George Leedes, curate. 1570,
Tho. Gardiner, curate. 1616, Ralf Furnes. 1635, Tho. Displain,
curate; he was ejected in the late rebellion, and had at that time a
wife and 4 children. (Walker, Append. fo. 415.) 1662, Mr. Watts,
curate. 1673, William Kelyng. 1738, Mr. Richard Deere, (see p.
The Rev. Mr. Ephraim Megoe, one of the minor canons, is now
The rectory was anciently valued at 20s. taxed at 5s. and paid 3d.
The benefactors that I have met with are,
1492, Rob. Cok, rafman, buried at the entrance out of the nave into
the chancel, and gave a fodder of lead towards leading the church,
which was then designed. "Item I wull that Robert my Son have
my Ground over the Way against my Place wherein I dwell, which
I bought of Tho. Alicock, so that he, his Eyrs and Assignes, thereof
paye and discharge the Inhabitauntes and Dwellers in the seid parish of the Kinges Taxe, as often as it hereafter shall fortune to be
payde." (fn. 10) This lies on the west side of Berstreet, and was the last
house but one in this parish, before St. Bartholomew's was joined to it,
and now belongs to the parishioners: "Item, I wull that a Laumpe
be founde brennyng on my Grave every Sonday and Fest-full in
the Yere at all Divine service, and also that it be light dayly at vij
of the Belle before Mydday, and brenne from vij of the Belle dayly
till High Mase be endid in the said Church of St. Sepulchre." In
1471, John Cok was buried at his father's right hand.
1672, Mr. Nathaniel Cocke of London, merchant, by will dated
Nov. 28, gave to the parish of St. John Sepulchre at Norwich (where
he was baptized) 130l. to be laid out in lands "and the profits and
income thereof, to be given and distributed yearly unto the
poore of the same parish." (Lib. Benefact. in le Gild-Hall.) With
this, 33 acres of land in Horsted were purchased, which being
improved, are let at 13l. per annum by the parish.
John Gower, plomer, who by will dated Aug. 20, 1507, gave to the
reparations of St. Sepulchre's church for ever, his two tenauntries or
houses in Finkel-street, on condition that 10 or 12 of the principal of
the parish be infeoffed therein to the said use, and when they be dead
all but two or three, they to renew to 12 more to be chosen by the
parishioners. They now belong to the parish, and stand almost opposite
to the south-west corner of the churchyard. This John is buried in
the south chapel, as was Kat. Gower in 1468.
Mr. Luke Fisher gave houses and lands in Elme in Cambridgeshire,
now let at 24l. per annum clear of all taxes, to the poor of this parish;
with which 10 chaldrons of coals are yearly bought and given to the
poor, and the rest laid out in blue coats and gowns; it was settled by
Mr. Fisher, executor of Luke, in 1642; Mrs. Margaret Fisher gave a
legacy to repair the church in 1474.
Mrs. Kemp gave 20s. per annum to the poor, and 10s. to the minister, as is before observed; and an estate now owned by Erasmus
Earl, Esq. lying in Heydon, is tied for these yearly payments, as I am
Mr. Johnson tied the King's arms by Berstreet-gates, now owned
by Mr. George Hainsworth, for three chaldrons of coals, to be yearly
given to six of the poorest people in the parish.
1686, Mr. Michael Smith, by will dated Jan. 20, gave 2s. weekly, to
be divided in bread every Sunday, in the parish church, to such of
the poor of the parish, as are most frequent at divine service; and the
estate is now owned by Mr. Tho. Bound.
There are divers houses in St. Austin's parish now rented at 20l. per
annum, given by Mr. Baker to the butchers in Berstreet ward, which
are now in feoffees hands for that purpose.
For the lands and tenements now belonging to this parish, in right
of the united parish of St. Bartholomew, see under that parish.
The religious concerned here were, the Prioress of Haliwelle; for
in 1261, Julian Prioress there, leased a piece of ground in this parish
to Thomas, son of Stanard de Trowse, and his heirs, paying to the
priory 2s. a year. The Prior of Cokesford, Prior of St. Faith, Prior of
Norwich, and Prioress of Carrow.
On the south-east part of this churchyard, are
Which in ancient times were the most frequented gates of the whole
city, the grand passage to the castle entering there; in this street
there is a common well and pit, which was always repaired and emptied
by the city. On the east side of the street, opposite to the churchyard, in Blaks-hall, so called from William Blackamore, its owner in
Edward the Third's time.
In Henry the Third's time there was a recluse dwelt in the chuchyard, and in 1455, Thomas, a hermite, dwelt in a hermitage by Berstreet-gates. The parish is now in the jurisdiction of the dean and
This church hath a square tower, clock, and five bells, on the
In eternis annis, resonat Campana Johannis,
it being the largest bell before St. Bartholomew's bells were brought
hither, and so was dedicated to St. John, as the church was. The two
biggest were rung by Thomas Potter in 1537, for then James Cootes,
who was buried here the foregoing year, gave 6l. 13s. 4d. towards it,
and in 1502, Will. Thacker, butcher, gave 40s. On the 5th is this,
Vas tu Campanas formasti, Pottere Thomas.
The porch, nave, and two transverse chapels are leaded, and the
chancel is tiled.
The register in the chest begins in 1538; from which I observed
that Alderman Thomas Grew was buried in 1548; Alderman John
Howse in 1558; Ursula Heydon, Gent. in 1570; in 1578, Anne Jackson was the first that died of the plague, 59 being buried this year, 63
in 1579, and 50 in 1589. See Pt. I. p. 354, 356.
In the churchyard are two headstones, from which I transcribed the
Mary Wife of Charles Brandon, 1741, æt. 43.
Adieu! vain World I've known enough of thee,
And I am heedless what thou say'st of me,
Thy Smiles I court not, nor thy Frowns do fear,
My Toils are past, and I rest quiet here.
Rose Wife of Richard Simson, 1737.
Death is a Market where we all must meet,
It's found in every City, Town, and Street,
If we our Lives, like Merchandise could buy,
The Rich would ever live, the poor alone must dye.
In 1505, Thomas Snellyng, butcher, was buried in the middle of the
south chapel, which is dedicated to the Holy Trinity, and gave five
marks towards a suit of vestments, if the parish would be the rest;
Alice his wife executrix.
The north chapel is dedicated to our Lady; in 1502, James Cootes
was buried in the said chapel, to which he gave two copes of white
damask, to serve in the church at the feasts of our Lady; and ordered
a gravestone six feet and an half in length to be laid over him, "Item,
I well that the chapel on the north side of the Churche be made
newe of my goods, like unto the chapell on the south side." The
same year also, William Thacker, butcher, was buried in it before the
altar, and gave a cope.
In 1515, Edward Norman, worsted weaver, gave a lamp to burn a
year in the chancel, before the blessed Sacrament.
There was an image of St. Anne in a niche or tabernacle in the
In 1737, the church was robbed of the silver cup, &c.
On a mural monument at the east end of the chancel on the south
In Commemoration of Bernard Church Esq; Son of Richard
Church late of Whinburgh, in the County of Norfolk Clerk,
borne at Whinburgh aforesaid the 17 of May 1604, Sheriff of this
Citye 1644, Mayor of the same in 1651, one of the Burgesses for
the same 1654; he died July 28, 1686, a Benefactor to this antient Corporation; It is the Work of Charity to build up Christians, but it should not be the Work of Christians to beat down
Charity. 1 Cor. Cap. 14, Ver. 1
On another mural monument on the south chancel wall near the
Here at the Foot of this Wall, in hope of a joyfull Resurrection to Life eternal, resteth the Body of Katherine Quarles, she
was the Daughter of Edmund Quarles Gent. of this City of Norwich, Wife of Barnard Church Esq; some time Major of this
City, a Woman indued with Godly Grace, Charity, and Love
to all; she changed this Life for a better, May 19, 1670, aged
Heer's Matter both of Hart tormenting Grief,
And Joy, which to my Hart doth give Releif,
Of Grief, that he have lost soe deare a Wife,
Of Joy, that she hath gain'd eternal Life.
On flat stone before the altar,
Crest an eagle's head erased.
Salter, gul. ten billets or.
Here lays Capt. Nicholas Salter whose
Choice Endowments both in Grace and Art,
Deserve the ablest Hand to express but Part;
As to Religion constant and sincere,
Faithful and fervent, fighting while h' was here,
The Fight of Faith; o'recome, and is sett downe,
His Course he finish'd, and enjoys a Crowne;
And for his Art and Ingenuity,
By his exquisite Skill in Turning, Hee
Made so conspicuous, that who it beheld,
Was at his Art with Admiration fill'd,
But cease, no more, only a Sword, a Tear,
To lett the Reader know, choise Dust lies here.
He died 7 June, 1669, being aged 52 Years.
By this, lies a stone with two effigies in brass on it, and under each
was a brass inscription, which are now loose in the chest.
Browne, per bend arg. and sab. three mascles counterchanged.
Crest, an eagle issuant proper.
John Browne of Waltone Gentleman,
Phillip Browne's Son and heir,
Brother unto Winifrid,
Vis onlie Sister deare,
Forseeinge that Mans Life is traile,
And subject unto Death,
Vath rhosen him, this sylle Shrine,
Co shreud his Corps in Earth,
Yet hopes he for to rise again,
Through Faith in Christ, God's Son,
Whoe for his Soule elect to Life,
A glorious Croun hath wone,
This is his Hoape, this is his Truste,
Faith is his only Shielde,
By whiche he oher Syn and Death,
And Sathan wins the Feeild.
Winifrid Browne the Daughter of
Phillip and Anne his Wife,
Under this Stone inclosed is,
Deboid of breathed Life,
A Virgin pure, she libde I di'de
God Garnish'd her with Grace,
And like a Christian in his Feare,
She ran her Pilgrims Race,
A lowlie Part she eber had,
Belob'de of Rich and Pore,
An Sprite I Truth she daile sought,
The Lord God to adore.
But though this hertuous Virgin young,
Unto the World be dead.
The Lambe of God, we hope in Heaven,
With Glorp Crowns her Head.
On a brass by the chancel entrance,
Here resteth John Chapman inter'd
Waiting the Resurrection,
Whose Soul to Heaven's transfer'd,
Into the Lord's Perfection.
Obijt 27 Sept. Ao. 1621, æt. 82.
Will. Quarles Gent. Sword-Bearer 1666.
On a stone on the south side of the font. A fess chequy between
three palmer's scrips.
Priscilla Wife of John Spurrell, Esq; Daughter of Mr.
Robert Chad, late of Wells Merchant, died Dec. 11, 1742, æt. 60.
'Tis mine to Day to moulder in the Tomb,
To morrow may thy awfull Summons come,
Thus frail & sleep secure! awake or know,
Thy Dreams will terminate in endless Woe,
Wake & contend for Heavens immortal Prize,
And give to God each Moment as it flys,
Serene then mayst thou recollect the past,
And with a sacred Transport meet the Last.
Ric. & Hellen Collinges 1639. John Tooke 1677. Tho. Watts
Clerk, 1671. Grace his Wife 1665. Rob. Hacon Surgeon 1716, 33.
Margaret Wife of Ric. Hacon 1718, 70. Richard Hacon 1722, 78.
Eliz. Wife of Stephen Jackson, Daughter of Richard and Margaret
Hacon 1743, 70. Thomas Corrington 1653.
(62) The Rectory of St. Winewaloy or St. Catherine, in Newgate,
Was first dedicated to St. Winewaloci or Winewaloy, commonly called
Winall, who was bishop and confessor, and had the 3d of March
kept holy to him; at the time of Norwich Domesday, it appears to
have been rededicated to St. Catherine; it was valued at 6s. 8d. but
was not taxed, though it paid first fruits, and 6d. synodals.
It was given by King Stephen to his nuns at Carrow, who presented
the rectors till 1349, when the whole parish was almost depopulated
by the great pestilence, and never recovered since, but dwindled
away, so that now there is only one house standing in its limits; upon
this, the tithes and glebes which were considerable, and the whole
profits, were appropriated to Carrow, and the church made a chapel
only, though they still presented a rector, and paid him a stipend.
Rectors presented by the Prioresses.
1357, Rob. de Elmham.
1360, Peter Knot.
1337, Will. de Kelb.
1395, Will. de Colnyse of Briston.
Henry Mayhew, he changed it for Wroxham in 1411, with
1418, Will. Baxter of Boton.
1438, Rob. Brown.
Rob. Mateshall, res.
1490, Will. Swetman the elder.
1503, Will. Swetman the younger; he held it by union with AllSaints, and gave the nuns 20s. if they would give the chapel to his
successour there, and ordered a pardon to be purchased from the court
of Rome, to remain in the church of St. Catherine in Norwich, if it
be annexed to the church of All-Saints; by which it is plain, the dissolution of this chapel was then talked of, and this rector did it with
a view that it might not be pulled down, but supported by this pardon,
which would produce sufficient to find a priest to perform service in
it, but his design was frustrated by the Dissolution.
1509, Tho. Bower on Swetman's death; he died rector.
1530, 27 May, Thomas Waterman, was the last rector ever presented
to this church;
The advowson of which passed with Carrow abbey by grant of
Henry VIII. to Sir John Shelton, Knt. and the chapel being void and
looked upon as a free chapel, and so subject to be dissolved by the act
of Edward VI. that Prince granted it by the name of St. Catherine's
chapel and chapel yard, containing half an acre, with all the tithes,
&c. thereto belonging, to Sir Tho. Woodhouse of Waxham, Knt. and
his heirs; but in 1561, great contests arose between Ralph Shelton of
Shelton, Esq. and John Bonde of Carrow, who had purchased it of
Wodehouse, and obtained also a lease of it in 1543, of Anne Shelton,
widow of Sir John Shelton, and John her son and heir; and after
many contentions, all parties agreed, and conveyed the whole to
Anthony Stile, notary publick, whose wife Margaret, in 1567, joined
with Anthony Stile, notary publick, her son and heir, and conveyed
the whole to the city, for the use of St. Giles's hospital, as part of the
200l. per annum that Edward VI. had granted them license to purchase in mortmain; it was conveyed to them by the name of St.
Catherine's chapel yard, containing one acre, because the half acre
lying west on the chapel yard, called St. Catherine's Close, on which
the parsonage once stood, was now added to it; the chapel stood in
the midst of the triangle half acre opposite to the Broad Tower in the
walls, at the very joining of the way under the walls leading from
Brazen-door to Berstreet, and that way coming from Great Newgate
in St. Stephen's, leading also to Berstreet, which was anciently Little
Newgate, or St. Catherine's-street. The other part of this parish belonged before to the city, who paid the tithe of it to this chapel; on
the purchase of which, it became tithe free; the rest of the closes
which extend to the way leading to Brazen-door on the west, contain
six acres, and had a barn and a dove-house standing on a hill on the
west part, both which are now demolished: the city close, containing
four acres, on the north side of Catherine-street or Little Newgate,
paid tithe here, and several other closes there, and without the walls,
were titheable here; all which are specified in a schedule in the gildhall. These closes are now leased out by the city, and are part of
the hospital revenues.
The religious concerned here were, the Prioress of Carrow, who
had once no less than 28 tenements in this parish. The Dean of the
chapel in the Field, who had a tenement formerly Walter Broadwater's.
This parish was united to St. Stephen's, as it now remains, though
the rents of the closes, &c. are placed in the accounts under St.
Michael at Thorn.
The way dividing St. Stephen's and St. Catherine's parishes, leading
by Jack's-pit to All-Saints-green, goes to the gate now called
Which was originally a tower, with a postern of brass, from which it
took its name; it was afterwards of iron, for it is often called the Irondoor; after that, it was made a passage for horsemen, and then was
called the New-gate, from which the neighbouring streets took their
names; and after that, was called the Swyne-market-gate, and it is a
publick gate for all carriages at this time.
And now having done with this great-ward, I shall proceed to