The rectory here, was given by Walter Fitz-Robert, patron of Dunmowe priory in Essex, to that house, to which it was impropriated and a
vicarage endowed, which was presented to, by the priors there, till the
Dissolution, and then King Henry VIII. granted the impropriation
and advowson of the vicarage, to Robert Earl of Sussex, and his
heirs, to be held of him in capite, by knight's service; and ever since
they have attended the manor here, with which they now remain.
Before the appropriation, the rectory had a house and 20 acres of
glebe; it was taxed at 26 marks, and consequently the prior paid
34s. 8d. to each tenth. The vicarage was taxed at 10 marks, or 6l.
13s. 4d. as it now stands in the King's Books, and being not discharged, it pays 13s. 4d. yearly tenths, and is not capable of augmentation. It paid 4s. synodals, 3s. Peter-pence, and 8d. carvage.
Presented by the priors of dunmowe.
1303, Robert de Nuttele.
1328, Thomas Seward of Melford.
1331, Thomas de Saxham.
1342, Thomas at Thorne of Couling. He was succeeded by
John, who in 1350, resigned to
1360, William de Hethil.
1368, Robert Larke.
1397, John Spencer of Bury, who in 1402, resigned in exchange
for Moring-thorp, with
1408, Will. Malet, resigned, and in
1444, Jeffry Fuller had it, being presented by John, prior of Dunmowe; at his death in
1440, Nic. Denton had it; he died in 1503, and
John Sage, succeeded, who was the last presented by the
1560, John Collison, united to Fritton, lapse. On his resignation in
1564, Tho. Fitz-Walter Earl of Sussex gave it to Thomas Fairman,
deacon, (fn. 1) at whose death in 1591, Henry Earl of Sussex, presented
Richard Cox, A. M.: he died in 1605, and Robert Earl of Sussex
gave it to
George Skinner, who returned answer, that he had 400 communicants in the parish.
1605, Thomas Porter. Ditto. He died in 1636, and the aforesaid
Will. Barwick, A. M. who was sequestered, April 28, 1644,
by the Earl of Manchester, for observing the orders of the church, declaring against the parliament and rebellion, opposing the lectures of
godly ministers in the town, and swearing by his faith and troth. (fn. 2)
And from this time several of the intruders kept possession till 1649,
John Potter had it, who was buried here Aug. 4, 1692, and
John Smith was presented by Sir Capel Luckyn; he held
it united to Freton, and died in 1697, and
Will. Aggas was instituted. Ditto; at whose death in
1723, the Rev. Mr. John Parsons, A.M. the present vicar, was presented by Lady Mary Luckyn, widow, the present patroness, and
holds it united to the rectory of Bedingham.
The church is 20 yards long, the breadth of the nave and two isles
is 12 yards, being all covered with lead; it hath a square tower about
16 yards high, and only one bell and a clock; part of the chancel is
ruinated, and the remaining part is tiled; I find no inscription, save
one, on a stone in the north isle, which lies over Robert French Gent.
Aug. 31, 1711, Æt. 57.
The town lands were given by Mr. Sewell, and are now let at 22l.
10s. a year.
This town paid 6l. 10s. clear to every tenth.
In 1615, 13 Oct. Eliz. Gray, aged above 100 years, was buried
here; she was a descendent from Robert son and heir of John Grey,
Esq. lord of the manor of Little-hall in Topcroft, in 1408, which
manor extended into Hemenhal, Wooton, and Bedingham.
The prior of Dunmowe had anciently divers lands here, but in 1234,
Thomas, prior there, sold four acres to Roger son of Will. de Hemenhale, and in 1204, Ralf, prior there, had sold others to Hugh son of
Odo, and 20 acres in 1208, to Roger son of Henry, so that the Prior
was taxed 6d. only for his temporals, and the Prioress of Bungey at
12d. for hers. The Abbot of Bury had a watermill and divers suits
and rents belonging to it here, for which he was taxed at 34s. 4d.; it
was named Twa-grind, and was confirmed to that monastery by
Walter Fitz-Robert, being situate on Long Bridge, and anciently was
called Piper-mill on Rucham river in Hemenhale, and was given by
Roger de Bukenham, and Will. de Rucham confirmed it. (fn. 3)
The Manor of Hemenhale
Belonged to Torn, a Dane at the Confessor's survey, had then three
freemen, 41 bordars, (or copyholders,) and 54 villeins; it had one
priest (or rector) and two churches, endowed with a carucate of land,
and four villeins and four bordars that held two carucates more of
them, valued at 15s.; there was a wood called Schieteshagh, which
maintained 200 swine, and the Abbot of St. Bennet at Holm claimed
part of it; the manor was then worth 15l. (fn. 4)
At the Conqueror's survey it belonged wholly with its soc, sac, and
jurisdiction, to Ralf Bainard, when it had four carucates of land
in demean, 58 bordars, 34 villeins, two mills, five working-horses 100
swine, and 186 sheep, it being worth 24l. 5s. a year, besides six cows,
20 swine, and two rams; it was four miles long and three broad, and
paid 18d. to the geld or tax. It had 10 acres held by a freeman, which
laid in Freton and Hardwick, and Forncet manor extended hither. (fn. 5)
A freeman of Alwius, or Alwine, of Thetford, had 30 acres, &c.
worth ten shillings at the first survey, all which was held by Turold
at the last.
This Ralph Lord Bainard was a powerful baron, one of those
that came in with the Conqueror, Lord of Castle-Bainard in London,
and of the barony of that castle; all which William Bainard, his
descendant, (fn. 6) forfeited by his rebellion to Henry I.; and he gave the
whole to Robert Fitz-Richard-Fitz-Gilbert, the first Earl of
Clare, and his heirs; and he gave it to Robert de Tonebridge, his 5th
son, and he to Sir Walter Fitz-Robert, his son, who was to hold it of
the barony of Bainard's castle; this Robert was lord of the manor of
Diss, with which this passed to the Fitz-Walters and Ratcliffs
Earls of Sussex, as may be seen in volume i. from p. 5 to p. 11, being
always held of the Fitz-Walter's barony.
In 1545, Henry Earl of Sussex, on his son's match with Elizabeth
daughter of Thomas Wriothesley, settled it on them and their heirs,
and it remained in the family till Robert Ratcliffe sold it to Sir
William Luckyn, alias Capel, son of William Luckyn by Margaret daughter of Thomas Jenney of Bury; (fn. 7) he was the first baronet of
the family, so created 13 Car. I. and married Mildred 3d daughter of
Sir Gamaliel Capell of Rookwood-hall in Essex, Knt. by whom he had
Sir Capell Luckyn, Bart, who married Mary, eldest daughter of
Sir Harbottle Grimston of Bridfield in Essex, Bart. Master of the
Rolls; she died March 1718, aged 86.
Sir William Luckyn of Messinghall, alias Bainard's castle, in
Essex, Bart. second, but eldest surviving son, succeeded; and Lady
Mary Luckyn, his widow, daughter of William Sherington, alderman of London, is now lady and patroness; this manor having been
usually the jointure of the ladies of all its owners.
Sir Harbottle Luckyn, the eldest son, is dead, and the title
absorbed in William Luckyn, the second son, who being adopted heir
to Sir Samuel Grimston, Bart. changed his name to Grimston, and
was created Viscount Grimston of the kingdom of Ireland, May 4,
Luckyn, sab. a fess dancetté between two leopards faces or.
Crest, on a wreath, out of a castle triple-towered, port displayed
or, garnished sab. a demi-griffin seiant of the 2d, langued and armed
This manor had liberty of free-warren, view of lete and frankpledge
in the presence of the bailiff of the King's hundred of Depwade: a
weekly market on Monday, granted by Henry III. in 1225, (fn. 8) and a
fair on the vigil, day, and morrow, of St. Margaret, (fn. 9) granted by King
Edw. I. a pillory, ducking-stool, gallows, and assize of bread and ale,
allowed in 1286. In 1327, the manor-house had a park of 260 acres,
and 579 acres in demean, 96 acres of underwood, and 10l. 2s. 3d. q.
rents of assize, here and in Pulham, Hardwick, and Shelton; and
there was 6l. 19s. paid yearly to the manor for castle-ward, from
Whetacre, Chatgrave, Langley, Hales, Kirkby, Brom, Boketon, or
Bowton, Berton, Stradset, Titleshall, Haleholm, and Wiclewood; viz.
for every fee, every 24 weeks 3s. 4d. the whole value of the manor
being estimated at 48l. per annum. In 1315, the Lord Fitz-Walter
was returned entire lord of the town. In 1379, John Fitz-Walter procured a charter of King Richard III. to hold their market every
Friday, and so the Monday market was laid aside; and now the Friday market is disused; and to hold another fair on St. Andrew's day,
which is sill annually kept on that day; and the ancient chapel of
St. Andrew, which at the Conquest was parochial though dependent on the mother-church, is now used (as I am informed) for a
repository for the stalls.
Sir Ralf's, or Curple's Manor in Hemenhale,
Took its name from Roger Curpeil, (fn. 10) who had one fee in Hemenliale
of the gift of Walter Fitz-Robert, and it was always held of the FitzWalters barony of Bainard's castle, as of their manor of Hemenhale;
this Roger Curpeil or Capell (as he is also called) divided the fee, one
4th part of it he kept himself, another 4th he gave to Robert Curpeil
his son, and Maud his wife; another to Richard his son, and the other
to Walter de Valoines, which descended to his heirs; and Robert de
Capell aforesaid had the 20th part (fn. 11) of a fee of the gift of the said
Walter Fitz-Robert; and in 1235, Robert and Richard Capell or Curpeil, were lords of their parts. In 1256, Alice Curpeil, Katerine,
Agnes, and Isabel her sisters, granted their 4th part, viz one messuage, five acres of land and 16s. rent in Hemenhale and Tascburgh,
to William de Bumpstede. In 1305, another part was settled by John
de Brisingham and Joan his wife, on Roger de Wingfield, this contained two messuages, 100 acres of land, three of meadow, five of
pasture, and 8s. 2d. quitrents, here and in Flixton. The part in the
Valoines family came to the family sirnamed De Hemenhale, and
Sir Ralf de Hemenhale, who was knighted by King Edw. I.
(probably son of David de Hemenhale, and brother to Hervy de
Hemenhale, clerk) was the first lord of that family, from whom it was
styled Sir Ralf's manor; he was succeeded by
Ralf his son, who was lord of this part in 1227, and added to it,
by purchasing many lands of Roger, son of William de Hemenhale in
1234; (fn. 12) he had Walter and Ralf.
Walter was lord in 1256, and was succeeded by his brother
Ralf; in 1307, Ralf de London and Margaret his wife settled a
4th part, which belonged to them, on Sir Ralf de Hemenhale and
Alice his wife, who had now the whole, except one 4th part. In
1308, at an inquisition, John de Hemenhale was found to be son and
heir of Ralf, and in 1327, this Sir Ralf de Hemenhale (fn. 13) held a messuage, 30 acres of land, and 30s quitrents in Pulham, Hardwick,
Starston, and Redenhale, of the Bishop of Ely at 6d. per annum. (fn. 14)
In 1331, John de Hemenhale (fn. 15) purchased many lands, tenements, &c. of Ralf de Burtoft and Margaret his wife, here, and
in Freton, Shelton, Long - Stratton, Waketon, Moringthorp, and
Hardwick. He bare, as the Hemenhales always did, the very arms of
Fitz-Walter, their chief lord, viz. or, a fess between two chevrons gul.
with the addition of three escalops arg. upon the fess.
In 1365, Sir Ralf de Hemenhale was lord; (fn. 16) and this year Will.
Phelip and Catherine his wife, John Loveyn and Ellen his wife, settled
(in case they had no issue) the manors of Radwinter and Roughe in
Essex, Codrede in Hertfordshire, Wilburgham-Parva, and the advowson, and Wachedon in Cambridgeshire, on Sir Ralf and his heirs; all
which his son inherited; Sir Ralf died about 1366, (fn. 17) leaving.
Robert his son, then three years old; in 1388, (fn. 18) this Robert inherited Wilburgham, and the rest of the entailed manors. In 1389,
Sir Robert Hemenhale, Knt. of Hemenhale, (where this family always
resided,) released to Sir George Felbrigge, Knt. and other trustees, his
manors in Hemenhale and Pulham in Norfolk, Cotton and WickhamSkeyth, Boleshall and Yaxley in Suffolk, and all the possessions of his
father Sir Ralf; he was first husband to Joan, daughter and heiress
of John de la Pole, Knt. son of Sir William de la Pole, Knt. and Joan
his wife, by whom he had only one son,
William; it appears that Sir Robert died before 1406, for in that,
year, William being a natural, this manor and 40s. rents in Freton,
Moringthorp and Long-Stratton, were committed to the custody of
John Beaver; but this William was dead some time before 1419, for
in that year, his father's arms were fixed up in the window of the
Austin-friars church at Norwich, among the rest of the knights that
had no surviving issue, (fn. 19) and (fn. 20)
John son of Robert de Hemenhale, his uncle, inherited, and died
In 1407, David Hemenhale, Esq. lived here, and had so done
for 25 years past, being then 45 years of age; he was a witness in the
cause between Sir Reginald Grey and Sir Edward Hastings of Elsing,
for their arms, in which he deposed, that Walter Ubbeston of Ubbeston,
in Suffolk was his father-in-law, and tutor to the Earl-Marshal, who
died at Venice: it seems he had no issue, for the manor went to
Sir Thomas Brooke of Somersetshire, in right of Joan his wife,
daughter and heiress of John de la Pole, by Reginald Braybrook son
of Sir Gerard, her second husband, according to a settlement made
on her and her heirs, by Sir Robert de Hemenhale, her first husband, (fn. 21)
in case of failure of the issue of his own family; and in 1468,
Sir Edw. Brooke of Cobham, son of Sir Thomas, died seized.
In 1490, Richard Blomvyle, or Blundevile, Esq. (fn. 22) had his manor
and Heverlond, and died seized of them in 1603, and it continued
in that family, as in Newton, at p. 64, till after 1580, and then it was
Thomas Blundevyle, Esq. and in
1612, Sir William Bowyer, Knt. and Thomas Awdeley, Esq.
conveyed it to Thomas Richardson and George Alyngton,
Esqrs. and their heirs: and since it is manumised and divided, so that
I do not find it subsisting as a manor at present.