This village lies at the north-east angle of the hundred, and adjoining to the hundred of Mitford. In the Conqueror's survey it is called
Bradeham: in the Confessor's time one Ailid, a Saxon lady, held
it; but on the Conquest it became the lordship of Ralph Bainard;
it was half a mile and 2 furlongs in length, and three furlongs in
breadth, and was valued in the Confessor's time at 6l. per annum, at
the survey at 12l. and paid 18d. to the gelt. Here was also a church
with 15 acres of land, valued 15d. (fn. 1)
In the reign of Henry II. this manor was parcel of the possessions of
Saer de Quincy Earl of Winchester, who gave to the Canons of
Dunmow in Essex a yearly rent of 10s. issuing out of this lordship: (fn. 2)
he no doubt held it under the Lord Baynard, by which family the
aforesaid abbey was founded. Sawer, his eldest son, enjoyed it, and
on the marriage of his eldest son Robert with Hawise, 4th daughter
of Hugh Kiveloc Earl of Chester, gave him this lordship to make a
dower for the said Hawise, by whom he had Margaret, wife of John
Lacy: Randolph Blundevile (brother to Hawise) Earl of Chester and
Lincoln, surrendered this last earldom to Robert Quincy, (fn. 3) from whom,
by his daughter Margaret, it descended to John Lacy aforesaid.
Between this John Lacy Earl of Lincoln, and Roger de Quincy,
second son of Sayer, and brother to the aforesaid Robert, were divers
law-suits: but in the 14th of Henry III. they came to an agreement
by fine then levied at Westminster, between Roger de Quincy, querent,
and John de Lacy, constable of Chester, Earl of Lincoln, and Murgaret his wife, deforciants, of the inheritance of Saer late Earl of
Winchester in this town, &c. and of the inheritance of Margaret de
Quincy Countess of Winchester, daughter and coheir of the Earl of
Leicester, and wife to Saer, viz. the moiety of the honour of Leicester,
whereby John and Margaret acknowledge all the lands and inheritance of Saer in England, and the moiety of the said honour, and the
whole inheritance of Margaret Countess of Winchester in England
and Normandy, to be the right of Roger; who grants to John and
Margaret this manor, that of Kingston in Dorsetshire, &c. This
John Earl of Lincoln died on the feast of St. Mary Magdalen in
1240, and his bones, with those of his ancestors, were removed from
Stanlaw in Cheshire to Whaley.
In the 3d of Edward I. John de Lindeseye, bailiff to the Earl of
Lincoln, erected a gallows here, and claimed the assize of bread
and beer, and view of frankpledge, as part of the liberty of the barony;
and in the 15th of the said King, Walter de Sturton, who held it
under the Earl of Lincoln, claimed free-warren here, and the other
In the 2d of Edward II. Henry Lacy Earl of Lincoln, son of Edmund, son of John, by Alice, daughter of the Marquis of Saluces in
Italy, which Henry married Margaret daughter and heir of Sir
William Longespee, conveyed by fine this manor and advowson,
which Juliana de Stourton, widow of Walter, held for life (which is
three parts of a knight's fee, and Huntingfeld held here, the fourth
part of the said Earl,) to Thomas Abbot of Bury, and to the convent,
who was to receive the Earl as a benefactor: (fn. 4) this Earl died on St.
Agatha the Virgin, in 1310, in Chancery-lane, London, and was buried
on the south side of the altar of St. Paul's, aged 60 years. The
cellerer of the abbey of Bury (fn. 5) at that time was John de Eversdon,
as appears from a receipt of this Earl of Lancaster, for 500 marks,
paid by the abbot and convent, in part of 1609 marks, which the
abbot, &c. owed him on bond, and which was no doubt for this purchase; and Julian, widow of William de Sturton, by deed in the 3d
of King Edward II. released all her right to the abbot. The witnesses were Sir William Fitz Payne, Sir Edmund de Hengrave, Sir
Hervey de Stanton, Sir Edmund de Pakenham, Sir Symond de Cockfield, John de Sturton, Alesander de Acre, &c. And in the Regist.
Nigrum Vestiarij Sei. Edmundi, in the hands of the Bishop of Norwich (Dr. Moor) in 1699, fol. 137, &c. are entered, 1st, the letters
patent of King Edward II. dated 3d of March in the 2d year of his
reign, of license to Henry Lacy Earl of Lincoln, to grant the manor
and advowson of this town, which Julian de Sturton held for life, to
the monastery of Bury. Secondly, an agreement between Thomas
Earl of Lancaster and Leicester, Steward of England, who married the
daughter and heir of Henry Earl of Lincoln, and Richard Abbot of
Bury, with the homages and services of the tenants, &c.; and the
said abbot grants the wardship of the lands which were William de
Huntingfeld's late tenant of the said manor of East Bradenham, to
hold till the full age of Roger de Huntingfeld, his son and heir, and
so from heir to heir, if he should die within age; but the wardships
of the next heirs to come to the abbot and his successours, dated 22d
April, 7th of Edward II. and it was confirmed by the said King.
In the 9th of Edward II. the Abbot of Bury, and the heir of Will.
de Huntingfeld, are said to be lords of this town. In the 3d of Henry
IV. the Abbot of Bury held this manor and that of Huntingfelds, being together one knight's fee, of the Earl of Lincoln, that Earl of the
Earl of Rutland in right of his wife, who held in capite, as parcel of
his barony called Bayniard, and in this abbey, this manor and that
of Huntingfeld's (now united) continued till the general Dissolution,
when the King seized it; and in the 35th of his reign granted the
advowson of the church to Robert Hogan, to be held in capite; but
the manor was farmed of the Crown by the said Robert Hogan, Esq.
and after in Queen Elizabeth's time by Thomas Hogan, Esq. for
34l. 13s. 4d. per annum; and in the 34th of the said Queen, Henry
Hogan, Esq. was possessed in his own right, and made a jointure of
the manor to Anne his wife, daughter of Sir Henry Woodhouse of
Waxham, and dying in the said reign, left Robert his son a minor,
which Robert, at the instigation of his mother, who had him in ward,
being near his full age; and in his sickness, of which he died, levied
a fine 10th of King James I. of his lands here, &c. part to the use of
his mother, then the Lady Cæsar (being remarried to Sir Julius Cæsar
of Bennington) concerning which, there were great suits at law, between
this Lady Cæsar, and his own sister, married to Mr. Day.
After this it was possessed by the Hungates, (fn. 6) and was mortgaged
and sold by Henry Hungate, Esq. who died in 1668, and then by
Mrs. Lucy Hungate; afterwards it came to Mr. Morris, whose niece
being married to Sir William Goulston of London, who presented to
the church in 1683, brought it into that family; from Sir William it
descended to Maurice Goulston, Esq. who lately sold it to Edmund
Beaghn, Esq. whose son is the present lord.
Of the Huntingfields I find that Roger, lord of the manor of
Huntingfield in Suffolk, soon after the Conquest, assumed the name
of his lordship, and left it to William de Huntingfield, his son
and heir, who founded Mendham priory in Suffolk, and died in
1155, and had by Sibil de Harleston, his wife, daughter of Roger
Gyny, nine children, besides her eldest son and heir, Roger, who
flourished in Henry the Second's time, and left William, his son
and heir, (fn. 7) who was a baron in King John's time, and had two wives;
Alice de St. Lys, and Isabel, daughter and heir of Roger de Gressenhale in Norfolk, relict of Osmund de Stutevile of Brantingham in
Yorkshire; they left one daughter, Alice, married to Richard Solers,
and Roger their son and heir, who in the 14th of Henry III. purchased this manor of John de Lacy Constable of Chester, and Earl of
Lincoln, and Margaret his wife, it being of the inheritance of Saer de
Quincy, late Earl of Winchester; he married Joan, daughter and coheir of William de Hobing or Hobrugg; she died the 25th of Edw. I.
and left William de Huntingfield their son, who died about xi.
EdwardI. leaving his son, Roger de Huntingfeld, lord here, who
was one of those noble peers that sent Pope Boniface word, that
the kingdom of Scotland was not of his fee, and that he had no jurisdiction in temporal affairs over either of the kingdoms, which was
subscribed at the parliament held at Lincoln; and in the 30th of the
said King, he held the fourth part of a knight's fee here valued at
7l. 13s. 4d. and died about this time, leaving Joyce, daughter of John
D'Engaine, his widow, and William his son and heir, whose widow,
Sibil, remarried to William le Latimer. He died in the 7th of Edw. II.
seized of this manor and lands in Skarning, and Roger was his son,
eight years old; and in the 13th of the said King, Sir Walter de Norwich gave account of 30l. per annum of the custody of the lands which
were William de Huntingfeld's in East-Bradenham and Mendham,
during the minority of Roger, son and heir of William; (fn. 8) and he, as a
baron of the Exchequer, accounted for Hunting feld-hall manor in
Suffolk. In the 10th of Edward III. Roger de Huntingfeld held the
fourth part of a fee here, with its appurtenances, of the Earl of Lancaster, as of the honour of Leicester; and in the next year died seized
of this manor, and William was his son and heir, seven years old,
who in the 28th of the said King was one of those barons of parliament who signed the letters of procuration to Richard de Wymondsold, &c. to declare their consents, as far as in them lay, to what
should be agreed (before Pope Innocent the 6th at Avignon, as a
private person, and not as a judge) betwixt the envoys of the King of
England, and the messengers of the French King, in order to establish
a lasting peace, and to prevent the war which followed, by reason that
treaty took no effect; (fn. 9) and in the 30th of that King, he accompanied
Edward the Black Prince into Gascoigne, and had letters of protection dated the 30th of February. Amongst the inquisitions in the
50th of Edward III. the jury find that William Lord Huntingfeld,
long before his death, was seized of this manor, and of Mendham,
Benges, the advowsons of Hunting feld, Cokeley and Petrestre, with
that of the priory of Mendham in Suffolk, Maklyngton in Essex, and
thereof enfeoft John de Stykford, clerk, John de Lynsted, clerk, Rich.
Franceys of Tichewell, John Bate of Kerketon, and Thomas son of
Robert de Toft, to them and their heirs, and levied a fine thereof in
the 47th of the said King, to the right of John Bate, who, with the
others, regranted them to William for life, remainder to themselves
and the heirs of John Bate; which John Stykford, and John Bate,
&c. released their right to John Linsted and Richard Franceys, by a
fine levied in the 48th of the said King, between William de Ufford
Earl of Suffolk, querent, and themselves defendents; and the manor
was settled on the said Earl for life, after the decease of William
Lord Huntingfeld, remainder to Thomas, William, and Edmund, sons
of the said Earl, (all whom died without issue male,) and Alice, widow
of Sir John de Norwich, Knt. his kinswoman, was his next heir, (fn. 10) and
30 years old, but had not the land because of this settlement. After
this it came to the three sisters of William Earl of Suffolk.
Cecily, married to the Lord Willoughby of Eresby.
Cathrine, to Robert Lord Scales,
And Margaret to William Lord Ferers of Groby.
And soon after, in the fourth or fifth year of King Richard II. it
was alienated to the abbey of Bury with the King's license, by Sir
Roger Boys, Knt. Robert de Ashfield, Roger Wolferton, &c. on
their paying 10l. per annum; but on an inquisition ad quod damnum
in the 14th of that King, it was said it would not be to the King's
prejudice if that rent was released to the abbot, which was accordingly done; and it continued in the abbey till its dissolution, and
has had the same lords since, as is observed before in the other manor,
to which it was then united.
In the 3d of Edward III. Thomas Virley held here, and in Euston in
Suffolk, &c. lands of Thomas Lord Bardolph; and in the 13th of
Rich. II. William Lord Bardolph of Wormgey in Norfolk held the
fourth part of a knight's fee here, and in Yaxham, Shipdam, &c. part
of the portion of Agnes his wife. In the 5th of Henry VI. Thomas
Beaufort Duke of Exeter held the same, which was then held by Rob.
Fishpool, as parcel of the honour of Wirmgey, and Euston was held of
him by John Rookwood, as parcel of the said honour: it afterwards
belonged to the Hammonds, and then to the Hungates, and was
joined by William Hungate, Esq. to the other manors, and so
The temporalities of the Prior of Dunmow were 9s. 1d. Those of
the Prior of Castleacre 4s.; this was on account of land granted to
the convent by Wimer Swift of this town in the time of Henry III.
The tenth of this town was 5l. 14s. 4d.
This village takes its name from [Brade], which in Saxon signifies
broad, and [ham] a village; the houses lying scattered and dispersed
about the common, at this time.
In this town arises a spring, which making a little rivulet, passes by
North and South Pickenham, Cressingham-Magna, Hilburgh, &c. and
empties itself into the great Ouse below Helgey-Bridge; I cannot
learn that it has any name, till being joined by other rivulets, it is
called below Cranwich, &c. the Wissey.
In the reign of Edward I. the Earl of Lincoln was patron; the
rector had then a manse, with 30 acres, and was valued, together
with the portion of the priory of Donemow, at 22 marks, of which the
priory was taxed at 1 mark, Peter-pence 4d. ob.
The Church of East-Bradenham is dedicated to St. Mary, and
consists of a nave, a north and south isle, with a chancel built of flint,
stones, &c. and covered with lead; the vault of the nave is supported
by octangular pillars, forming 8 arches, 4 on a side, and is in length
about 57 feet, and in breadth, with the two isles, about 39 feet; at
the west end of the nave is a convenient and decent gallery erected
for the singers, joining to the tower, which is four-square, and of the
same materials with the church: in this tower hang three bells. On
a gravestone in the south isle is a brass plate thus inscribed;
Here resteth the Body of Bridget late Wife of Francis Page
of Norwich, Baker, who departed this Life 22 October, 1646. I
have finished my Course, I have, &c. 2 Timothy 4. 7. and 8
Here also is a marble gravestone in memory of Ann Wife of John
Ireson, deceased 7 July, 1661, aged 19 Years and 6 Months.
To the north isle is annexed a good porch, with a room over it,
probably for a recluse.
The chancel is in length about 33 feet, and in breadth about 18,
within the rails of the communion table lies a black marble gravestone with this shield.
Gul. a chevron ingrailed between three talbots sejant, arg.
In Memory of Henry Hungate of East Bradenham, Esq. who
died the 16th of May, 1668, Ætat. suæ 44.
On the pavement in the chancel lies another, with four iron rings,
as the cover of a vault, and on it,
Reliquiæ Johannis Green Armigeri Comitatûs Norfolciæ
diu Justitiarij in cujus piam Memoriam, non hoc uno contenta
Marmore, Monumentum ad lœvum posuit ex antiquâ Hungatorum Familiâ, Oriunda Martha Mœstissima Conjux.
Against the south wall is a large and neat monument of marble, ornamented with the busts of a man and woman, two Cupids, and an
urn, and the arms of
Green, per pale azure and gul. a chevron between three bucks
Impaling Hungate, and thus inscribed,
Johannes Green Armiger, Vice Comitis Officio apud Norfolcienses, summâ cum Laude defunctus, Deo rationem redditurus, ad Cælos abijt, April 28, Ano Salutis 1684, Ætat. suæ 35.
Tu autem Lector, hunc verum Ecclesiæ filium, fidelem Regis
Subditum, Cleri, Bonorumque omnium Amicum, omni quo potes
modo prosequere, supremi Judicij Memor.
Near to this, on the pavement, is a marble gravestone, with the
arms of Green, in memory of Joshua Green of East Bradenham, Esq.
who died the 9th of July, 1659. Near to this, another with the arms
of Green impaling Hungate, in memory of five children, three sons
and two daughters of John Green, Esq. of East Bradenham and Martha his wife. Adjoining is another in memory of Sarah wife of George
Townsend, Esq. of West Wretham in Norfolk, daughter to Joshua
Green of East Bradenham, Esq. who died October 16, 1667.
Here Virtuous, Pious, Sarah Townsend lies,
Whose Soul Enamell'd thus, to Heaven flies.
On the head of this gravestone, az. a chevron ermine, between three
escallops arg. Townsend, impaling Green.
In a window are the arms of Bury abbey.
1302, William de Birston, ob. Juliana de Sturton.
1313, William de Cliff. The Abbot and Convent of Bury, who
presented to the Dissolution.
1349, Edmund de Myldenhale.
1361, William de Humberstane. (fn. 11)
1365, William de Humberstane, junior; he was rector of Walton on
Trent, in the diocese of Litchfield and Coventry, and exchanged with
1368, Henry de Tytyng; he was rector of Thuresway in Lincolnshire, and exchanged with Humberstane, junior.
1369, Simon Fyminer; he was vicar of East-Derham, and exchanged with Tylyng.
1381, John Ive. (fn. 12)
John Rameseye, rector, by his will in 1421, desires to be
buried in the chancel before the high altar, and gives legacies to
Trinity gild, St. Mary's gild, and St. Margaret's gild in this
1421, Nich, Bagot, A. M. res.; he had been rector of Honeweton
or Hunnington in Suffolk.
1425, John Coke, res.; he was rector of Icklingham St. James in
Suffolk, and exchanged with Bagot.
1431, Ralph Kemp, exchanged the rectory of Haddesco for this.
1444, Thomas Booff, exchanged with Kemp; he was vicar of
1451, Thomas Hill, on the death of Booff. In
1460, Thomas Stocke, res.
1460, Robert Ipswell, L.L. B. res.
1461, John Adam, res.; he was rector of Baldeswell in Norfolk, and
exchanged with Ipswell.
1470, William Duffeld, res. (fn. 13)
1477, John Segrave, res.
1486, Robert Barbour, ob.
1494, Edmund Bryggett, LL. B. res.
1497, John Bettys, A. M. ob.
1501, Edmund Potter, ob. The first fruits of this church were
then 22 marks, and he was the last presented by the abbey.
1542, Anthony Hogan, res. (fn. 14) presented by Rob. Hogan, Esq. (fn. 15)
1564, Richard Frankling, res. Thomas Hogan, Esq.
1597, John Banks. Ditto. In his reply to King James's Queries,
he says there were 126 communicants here in 1603.
1614, Robert Murden, A. B. Ann Hungate, widow.
1632, John Gerrard, A. M res.
1632, William Strode, S. T. B. ob. Thomas Spring, Esq.; he
was son to the Lady Day, sister to Robert Hogan, who died a
minor, as has been observed; but Sir Julius Cæsar and his Lady Anne
brought a quare impedit and recovered the advowson. (fn. 16)
1637, Robert Seppens, A. M. res. The Lady Anne Cæsar, widow
of Sir Julius Cæsar.
1660, William Barrow, A. M. ob. Henry Hungate of Leicester,
1676, James Dean, A. M. ob. William Dean, hac vice.
1683, Nathaniel Spalding, A. M. ob. Sir William Goulston.
1705, Thomas Brewer. Maurice Goulston, Esq. of Walton on
1707, Charles le Blane on the cession of Brewer, res. Ditto.
1713, Samuel Croxall; afterwards D. D. residentiary of Hereford,
and chaplain in ordinary to the King; he was educated at St. John's
1716, Isaac Sayer, A. M. on the cession of Croxall; he held this
and Crownthorp in Norfolk united. Ditto.
1722, The Rev. Mr. Edmund Nelson, A. B. on the death of Sayer.
Maurice Goulston, Esq.; but Mr. Lucas of Shipdham is the
This church is a rectory valued at 12l. 2s. 8d. ob. in the King's
Books, and the tenths are 1l. 4s. 3d. qr. synodals 18d. visitatorial procurations, 3s. 11d. ob. archdeacon's procurations, 7s. 7d. ob. The
church, at the Conquest, was endowed with 15 acres of land, and
there is at present a small manor belonging to the rectory.