Was a lordship belonging to the Earl Warren, but Toke, a great
Saxon Thane, held it of the fee of Frederick, in the reign of the Confessor, 3 carucates of land belonged to it, 12 villains, and 34 bordarers, with 6 servi, &c. 5 carucates amongst the men, paunage for 20
swine, 4 acres of meadow; 3 mills, with 4 runci, or beasts for burden.
Thirty socmen also belonged to this manor, with their customary
dues, with a carucate and an half, and 4 carucates; and two other
socmen held 40 acres in Toffas, and under these were 12 bordarers,
with an acre and a half, and 2 carucates, and a church endowed with
40 acres; the whole valued in King Edward's time at 6l. and after, at
10l. per ann. but farmed at 15l. but was not able to raise that sum.
It was half a leuca long, and the same in breadth, and paid 6d. gelt;
and there were 12 mares that went in the woods, valued at 12s. a
church, with 60 acres. (fn. 1)
It is called in the book of Domesday, Sculetorpa, a thorp on a
shole, or shallow stream, or water.
The family of De Pavili, or Pavilleys, were, soon after the conquest, enfeoffed of several lordships by the Earls Warren, and of Surrey, and, as I take it, of this. Ralph de Pavili lived in the reign of
Henry I. and was a benefactor to the priory of Castleacre. (fn. 2) Thomas
de Pavely, a Norman, held this lordship, with a moiety of that of
Stiberd, in the 3d of Henry III. Eustachia de Pavely was in possession
of it, in 34th of that King, as appears by a fine, and distreyned Alured
le Merchant for suit of court; and in the 41st of the said reign John
Earl Warren is said to hold it, by the grant of the King, on the death
of Reginald de Pavely, a Norman, and was valued at 24l per annum,
held with Styberd, by the 3d part of a fee. This Reginald died in
his journey to Jerusalem.
In 1262, John Earl Warren, by deed, granted to the monks of Castleacre, this manor, from the feast of St. Peter and Paul, for one
whole year, for 242 marks, to be repaid by him on the said feast, in
1263; and, in default, to remain to them in perpetual alms. And
the said Earl, in the 3d and 15th of Edward I. was found to have the
assise, free warren, and other liberties, &c. with a moiety of Styberd,
of the gift of King Henry III.
John Earl Warren and Surrey, by deed, dated at Lincoln, August
5, in the 10th of Edward II. gave to Sir Walter de Norwich, and
dame Katherine, his wife, this manor and advowson, in exchange for
that of Skredington, in Lincolnshire; (fn. 3) and the King confirmed the
grant by letters patent, dated at Lincoln, Aug. 8th, in the said year.
Sir John de Norwich, son of Sir Walter, settled it in the 4th of Edward III. on himself, and Thomas and Roger, his brothers, in tail;
and Sir John was lord in the 20th of that King. This Sir John had,
by Margaret his wife, a son Walter, who died before his father, leaving a son John, by Walenna his wife, daughter of Sir Miles Stapleton,
and heir to his grandfather.
By an inquisition taken at Walsingham, on Thursday next after the
feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, in the 48th of Edward III. Sir John
de Norwich was found to die seized of this lordship, with a messuage
not valued, a pigeon-house, valued at half a mark per ann. a watermill, at 26s. and 8d.; 260 acres of land, valued at 65s. per annum at
3d. per acre. Court and lete, at 15s.; of rent assise, 8 marks. He
is said to have died on the feast of the circumcision, then last past,
and Catherine Brews, daughter of Sir Thomas de Norwich, son of Sir
Walter and Catherine, and brother of Sir John, was his cousin and
heir; who by her deed at London, on Saturday after the feast of St.
Valentine, in the 49th of the said King, granted to John Daventre,
parson of Broom, and Edmund de Lakyngheth, this manor, having
paid to the King 20 marks license for so doing, on condition of their
paying to her, and her heirs, 40l. per annum for the same. This
Catherine was the widow of — Brews, of Salle, in Norfolk, and
at this time had took the veil, being a nun, in the priory of Dertford,
in Kent; on May 18, in the first of Richard II. she resigned all her
right and claim thereto; and the said John and Edmund had license
on June 27, in the 4th of that King, to enfeoff Sir Robert Knollys
and Constance his wife, in the same.
As this Sir Robert was a person of remarkable merit and eminency
for his conduct and valour in his time, and as he lived and died at his
manor-house in this town, I shall take the liberty of inserting several
occurrences of his life, that I have met with, from old evidences. He
is by most authors said to be born of mean parentage in the county of
Cheshire, though Dugaale seems to suggest the contrary, as if descended
from a family of note, or account, in their times; he was at first however a person of low fortune, but be taking himself to a mistary life,
he became an eminent commander under King Edward III. In the
wars of France, from being a common soldier, and acquired great fortunes; had a grant of White-castle, and that of Fenchery, in Britanny,
and in the 32d of that King, took the city of Auxerre. &c. for the
King of Navarre. In 1360, Constantina his wife sailed over into Britanny and carried to his assistance 20 men of arms, 14 archers, on
horseback, &c. and had provided for him, at her own charge, 3 ships
and 2 crays; and in 1365, John Duke of Britanny, for his services,
gave him many lands, &c.—In the 44th of the said reign, he was retained to serve the King again, in the wars of France, for two years,
from the nativity of St. John Baptist, in 1370, with 2000 men of arms,
and 2000 archers; none of the men to be raised out of Northumberland, Durham, or Westmorland; and so great was the destruction he
made, that the sharp points, and gable-ends of the houses, &c. that
he overthrew, were called Knowles Mitres. In the 2d year of King
Richard II. he was with John Duke of Lancaster in his Spanish expedition, and had letters of protection, then dated July 16, being a
Knight of the Garter.
In the 4th of Richard II. he had a grant of the manor of St. Pancras in Middlesex, to him, and his wife Constantia, (fn. 4) and for his good
services in subduing Wat Tyler's rebellion, was enfranchised a member of the city of London, in the said year; and having made a vow
to go to Rome, had, in the 13th of that King, a license for himself
and 12 persons, and for what money he would by a bill of exchange,
and to stay there as long as he would, with protection for all his lands,
tenants, and servants, during the time of his absence. In the 3d of
Henry. IV. John Gerneys released to him, and Sir Hugh Brown, Knt.
2 messuages, and 34 shops, in the parish of St. Mary, at Hill, in Billingsgate Ward, London, to be settled on Sir Robert's college, or hospital, at Pontefract in Yorkshire.
He died full of years, aged 92, at his manor-house in this town,
(Grafton says at London,) on August 15, 1407, and was honourably
buried in the body of the church of the Carmelite friars, in Fleet-street,
London, by his Lady Constantia. Who this lady was does not
appear, from any historian that I have seen. In the church of Harpley and in this of Scalthorp, are arms of Sir Robert, who bore, for the
most part, gules, on a chevron, argent, three roses of the first seeded,
or, impaling argent, a fess dauncé between three leopards faces, sable,
bore by Beverly, a family of good account in Yorkshire, which I presume was her name, Leland says she was of mean birth, and born at
Pontfract, in Yorkshire, and prevailed on her husband to found the
college there, and not at Sculthorp, as he intended. (fn. 5) As a Knight of
the Garter, he had supporters to his arms:—two naked savages, standing by two trees: the crest a ram's head, as appears from his seal.
Sir Henry Chauncy relates, that he left Thomas his son, who
married Margaret, daughter of—, widow of John Chichely,
chamberlain of London, who had issue, Robert Knowles, heir to Sir
Robert, who married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of William Troutbeck of — in Cheshire, and left a daughter and heir,
Anne, married to Henry Frowyk; (fn. 6) but from a manuscript that I
have seen, Margaret aforesaid, widow of John Chicheley, was the
daughter of William Knowles, citizen and grocer, of London, by
whom she had three daughters and coheirs; Christian, married to
John Harvey; Agnes, to William Kenes; and Elizabeth, to Sir
Thomas Kiriel. Dugdale says, that from this Sir Robert descended
the Knowles Earls of Banbury, in the time of King Charles I. but
this does not appear clearly and that family, is it certain, bore a
different arms. (fn. 7) It seems more probable that he had a daughter and
heir, Emme, or Margaret, married to John Babington, Esq. of Ardington, in Devonshire, 5th son of Sir John Babinton, and Bennet
his wife, daughter and heir of Symon Ward of Cambridgeshire. He
had also a brother Thomas, who married Isabella, daughter and heir
of Sir John Northcote, from whom descend the Knowles of ColdAshby, in Northamptonshire. (fn. 8)
He obtained in the wars of France such immense wealth, that
King Richard II. pawned several of most valuable jewels, and silver
vessels to him; and as his fortunes were great, so were his charitable
acts and works equal to them. He built the stately bridge at Rochester
over the Medway, with a chapel, and a chantry at the east end of it;
the churches of Sculthorp, and Harpley, and re-edified the conventual
church of the White-friars, for the most part. In the 4th of Richard
II. he had license to amortise to the Carthusian priory, in London,
40l. per ann. out of the manor of Dunstall in Kent. In the 8th of that
King, license was granted to him, and Constantia his wife, to found
the college of Pomfret, in a house of theirs, and the King then incorporated them; and on June 11, in the 10th of Richard II. Sir
Robert granted to Robert Braybrook Bishop of London, Sir John
Cobham, Knt. John Drew, clerk, and John Seymer, of London, all
his manors, lands, tenements, advowsons, &c. in Norfolk;—Witnesses,
Sir Robert Fineye, Sir Robert Mortimer, Sir John de Tudenham, Sir
John de Clifton, Knts. and Jeff. Fransham, Esq. This was in order to
settle them on the aforesaid college.
In the 8th of Henry IV. Sir Robert conveyed by fine to his trustees
John Drew, and John Seymour, of London, this lordship, with those
of Dunton Kettleston, Taterford, Taterset, and Burnham, &c. and by
an inquisition, taken at East Rudham, in Norfolk, in the said year,
on Tuesday after the annunication of the Virgin, before William Roos
the King's eschaetor, it was found that it would not be to the King's
loss, &c. if he granted license to John Drew, parson of Harpley, and
John Seymer of London, to give and assign to John Stedman, master,
or custos, and the chaplains of the college of the Holy Trinity, called
Knolles Almeshouse, in Pontfract, and their successours, the manors
of Sculthorp, Dunton Kettleston, Taterford, Burnham Overy, with
the appertenances, and the advowsons of the churches of Dunton
cum Doketon, Taterford, and Sculethorp, for their maintenance, and
that of the poor men therein, serving God; and it was then found that
this lordship was held in capite, by the third part of a fee, and valued
at 20l. per ann. beyond all reprises. (fn. 9)
Leland observes that it was a college, with an hospital joined to
it; in the college was a master, with 6 or 7 prestes, and in the hospital, 18 poor men and women, and was valued at 180l. per ann. Besides the messuages, &c. in London, &c. abovementioned; there was
also one in Darlington, settled on the said hospital.
On the dissolution of the said hospital, this lordship, with the ad
vowson of the rectory, was granted May 17, in the 3d of Edward
VI. to Sir William Fermer, and Sir Richard Fulmerston; Sir William
dying seized of it, it came to his nephew, Thomas Fermor, Esq. of
East-Barsham, who in the 24th of Elizabeth, aliened by license 5
messuages, 6 tofts, 200 acres of land, 147 of pasture, in this town, and
Fakenham, to Salathiel Kyndersley, clerk.—William Fermor, Esq. son
of Thomas, was lord in 1627, whose daughter and heir, Mary, being
married to James Calthorp, Esq, he was lord in her right, and she
dying without any surviving issue, it came to his son, Sir Christopher
Calthorp, who died seized of it 1717, and by his daughters and coheirs,
to Sir Thomas L'Estrange, Bart. and on his death to Sir Henry, his brother. as in East Barsham, and on his death to his two sisters, and
Alan Earl of Richmond, at the survey, had 15 acres of land in
this town, valued at 20d. which, as I presume, was also possessed by,
and went along with, the lords of this manor of Sculthorp, as I find
no further account of it. (fn. 10)
The tenths were, 4l. 7s. Deducted 7s. Lete fee to the lord of the
The Church is dedicated to St. Mary or All-Saints, the ancient
valor was 50 marks, and the prior of Lewes had a portion of 40s. per
ann. out of it, of the gift of the Earl Warren, and valued in the rectory; William Earl Warren was patron, in the reign of Edward I.
when the rector had a manse, with 80 acres of land,—Peter-pence
The present valor is 16l. and pays first fruits and tenths.
In the chancel, on a brass,
Here lyeth Syr George Brown,
Sometyme parish priest of this town.
Hic jacet Henricus Unton, Gentlemen, quondam Chirographus Domini Regis de B'anco qui obijt 27, Aug. 1470, on a brass.
In the middle isle,
Orate p. aiab; Joh. Stylyrd, et Margarete uxor ejus.
In the church were these arms, p pale, argent and gules, a lion
rampant, ermine, Norwich, lords of this town. Of Edward the Confessor, Mortimer of Attleburgh, John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster,
impaling, quarterly, Castile and Leon, Beauchamp, Erpingham, Thomas of Woodstock Duke of Gloucester, Stafford, Fellbrig, and gules,
three bars gemelles, or, on a canton argent, five billets sable, Inglos;
Woodhouse; and argent, a fess ingrailed, between three Catherinewheels, sable; gules, on a chevron argent, three roses of the first, seeded
or; also the said arms, with a bordure azure, bezanty, Knowles, impaling, argent, a fess dauncette between three leopards faces sable,
Beverly, in many places, wife of Sir Robert.
The temporalities of Fakenhamdam priory were 17d.
In 1243, the Lady Eustachia Pavele was patroness.
Henry de Dunton, rector, about the reign of King John.
1314, John de Cleye, instituted rector, presented by John Earl
1324, Walter de Thirston, by Sir Walter de Norwich. In the 10th
of Edward II. John Earl Warren granted it to Sir Walter and his
1348, William de Mortimer, by Sir John de Norwich.
1349, William de Bergh. Ditto.
1350, Greg. de Hederset. Ditto.
1380, John Boys, by Sir Richard Grene, Knt.
1394, John Hervy, by Robert Bishop of London.
1396, Ed. Beny. Ditto.
1408, Henry Atte Miln, by Pomfret college.
1409, John Hamstelly. Ditto.
1425, John Swanwych. Ditto.
1448, Robert Thornton. Ditto.
1458, John Hardysh. Ditto.
1491, Thomas Percyval. Ditto.
1494, John Hunter. Ditto.
1510, Richard Neweth. Ditto.
1538, Thomas Dunnying L.L.B. by Robert Hogan, Esq. assignee
of Pomfret college.
1555, David Moresby, by Sir William Faremore.
1556, John Barker. Ditto.
1558, Thomas Hawe. Ditto.
1558, Andrew Cole, by Catherine Fayremore, widow.
1564, Lanc. Yelverton, by Henry Yelverton, and Thomas Cocket,
Salathiel Kindersley occurs rector 1609.
1625, John Quarles, archdeacon of Northampton, by Fran. Quarles,
Esq. assignee of Henry Yelverton, Esq.
1666, John Quarles, by Fran. and George Quarles.
1666, Robert Quarles, by John Quarles, S. T. B.
1667, Clement Heigham, by John Quarles, S. T. B.
1686, Richard Holland, by Ann Quarles, widow.
1689, John Quarles. Ditto.
1694, John Watson, by William Quarles, clerk.
1697, William Forster. Ditto.
1700, John Frankling. Ditto.
1704, Richard Warner, by Robert Donne, Gent.
1705, Thomas Donne. Ditto. He sold the patronage to Mr. Daniel Jones, attorney of Fakenham.
1739, Robert Donne, by John Howes, Esq.
The monks of Lewes, in defence of their portion of tithe, produced
the grant of William Earl Warren, the deed of William Bishop of
Norwich, the confirmation of Pope Eugenius, the deed (fn. 11) of William de
Pavele, rector of Sculthorp, who hired the same of the monks for
life, and Nicholas, rector, held the same for life, paying 4 marks per
ann. dated 1219.
The patronage is now in Daniel Jones, Gent. attorney of Fakenham.