Ramsey Abbots, or Popenhow Manor.
The principal manor of this town was given to the abbey of Ramsey, in Huntingdonshire, by Ailwin Duke of the East-Angles, also
styled alderman of the East Angles, on his founding of that abbey in
1069, by the name of Five Hides in Walsokne, and was confirmed
to that house by King Edgar: the said abbey held it at the grand
survey by the name of the Land of St. Bennet of Ramsey, the abbey
being dedicated to that great patron of the monastick order; it consisted then of one carucate of land held by 11 villains, and 6 borderers,
with 12 acres of meadow, one carucate in demean, and half a one
amongst the tenants, a fishery, &c. and 7 socmen belonged to it, with
13 acres, valued at 20s. (fn. 1)
This manor was called by the name of Popenho; and in the 44th
of Henry III. a fine was levied between Hugh, abbot of Ramsey, lord,
and Geffrey de Marisco, or Marsh, one of his chief freeholders, about
the repairing of the walls, and cleansing the drains, which Geffrey
and his heirs were to repair, &c.
In the 3d of Edward I. the abbot was found to have wreck at sea,
assise of bread and beer, in Walsoken, Popenho, the 3d part of the
village belonging to him, with the advowson of the church held in
capite of the King, and belonging to his barony.
In the 26th of the said King, there being a contest between William
de Luda, Bishop of Ely, and John de Sautre, abbot of Ramsey, about
the lete of this village, it was agreed that the lete of it should be
jointly held by the bailiffs of the Bishop, the abbot, and the prior of
Lewes, (which shows that there were 3 distinct manors here then) in
common, and that the secrets of the lete, with the verdict should
be given to the Bishop's steward, or bailiff, who should communicate
it to the other bailiffs, who should declare it to their proper tenants:
and the profit of their lete, &c. should be taken by each steward, of
their proper tenants. About this time this manor was worth 15 marks
per ann. to the abbot.
About the year 1400, in the 5th year of Thomas, the abbot
Richard, son of John Almere, of Walsoken, carpenter, being a villain
of blood of this manor, paid the abbot a fine of 2s. per ann. for liberty
to live out of it, though still to be his villain; and in or about 1428,
the temporalities of the abbot in this town in rent, mill, perquisites,
and cattle, were valued at 23l. 19s. 9d. per ann.
On the dissolution of this abbey, it came to the Crown, and was
granted by King Henry VIII. February 26, in his 36th year, by the
name of Popenhowe, alias Walsoken manor, with the advowson of the
rectory, to Sir Thomas Wriothesley, and Sir Richard Southwell,
(which Sir Richard was one of the King's visitors of the abbies,
priories, &c.) with all the rights and privileges enjoyed by the abbots,
and as specified in the 14th of Edward I. by a quo warranto, together
with the manor of Westfield in Mitferd hundred Norfolk, which
belonged to the Charter-House, London: and in the 3d of Elizabeth,
it appears, that the rent of assise of the free tenants was 24s. 8d. ob.
Jeffrey Colvile's, Esq. rent 8s. assise of the customary tenants 6l. 13s.
4d. the custos, or chaplain of Trinity 4s. per ann. perquisites of court
2l. 19s. 10d. ob.
On the 25th of January, in the 24th of Elizabeth, it was conveyed
by Sir Richard Southwell, to Thomas Barrow, Esq. of Cranworth in
Norfolk, together with the pension of 40s. per ann. payable to the
lord by the rector; being then valued at 101l. 14s. 8d. per ann. in
the whole, as by a particular account under the hand of Sir Richard
Thomas Barrow, Esq. and William, his son and heir, sold it April 2,
in the 31st of the said Queen, to Richard Catlyn, of Honingham,
Esq. and Dionysia his wife, who October 12, in the 33d of Elizabeth,
conveyed it to Sir Henry Gawdy, of Claxton, in Norfolk, whose son
Sir Robert, conveyed it by fine levied in Michaelmas term, in the 20th
of James I. to Everard Buckworth of Wisbeach, Esq. John Adderley,
John Hewar, &c. trustees for Sir Thomas Hewer of Emneth, who by
will dated January 21, in the 5th of Charles I. settled it on Laurence
Oxburgh, and his heirs male, son of his nephew Thomas Oxburgh,
Gent. son of Thomas Oxburgh, Esq. and Thomasine his wife, sister of
the said Sir Thomas Hewer, enjoining him and his heirs to write
themselves Hewer, alias Oxburgh, and for want of such issue, on
Thomas Hewer, son of John Hewer, late of Mileham, in Norfolk, &c.
the aforesaid Laurence Hewer, alias Oxburgh, with his son Laurence,
conveyed it, July 15, 1669, to John Colvile, Esq. and John Wise,
whose son, Josiah Colvile, Esq. (to pay his father's creditors) sold it
April 21, 1685, to John Creed, Esq. of Oundle, in Northamptonshire,
and in this family it remained in 1742, and in 1762.
Marshe's or Ely Manor.
Here was a manor called Marshe's, from the family of De Marisco,
who held lands of the see of Ely, and of the abbot of Ramsey. In the
4th year of King Henry III. a month after Easter, a fine was levied
before Hubert de Burgo, chief justice of England, Robert de Vere
Earl of Oxford, Martin de Pateshull, Ralph Hareng, Steph. de
Segrave, justices, between Henry, abbot of Ramsey, petent, and
Stephen de Marisco, tenent of 60 acres of land here, the abbot having
impleaded him for 11 virgates of land in this town, which he released
to the abbot, who grants to Steph. the 60 acres aforesaid, and 60
more in this fine for the free rent of 5s. per ann. the said Steph. held
also in Walsoken, and Newton, one fee of the Bishop of Ely.
In the 44th of the said King, Geffrey de Marisco covenanted to
repair the walls and banks of the sea and marshes, for which the
abbot was distrained, and on this, Geffrey and his heirs were received
into all benefits and prayers made in the abbey church for ever; the
custom in this town and all Marshland being then, that the freeholders of the manors repair the banks so far as their lands lie; and
the said Geffrey, in the 3d of Edward I. held in this town, West
Walton, Walpole, &c. one fee of the bishop of Ely.
This lordship came on the death of Geffrey, by marriage, to Sir
Roger de Colvile, a family of great antiquity in Cambridgeshire. Robert
de Colevile was living in the 3d of Henry III. Sir Henry de Colevile
was sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, in the 35th of
that King; Philip de Colevile defended in the 53d of the said reign,
the castle of Gloucester, against that King's son, and had a pardon
on December 25th in the said year.
In the year 1277, the Bishop of Ely was the capital lord, had the
lete, return of writs, cognisance of all pleas, when it is said that the
whole town entered commoners in West Fenn, and were to clean their
portions of the Pokedyke, 5 furlongs and 16 perches; the Bishop,
and the abbot of Ramsey had each a moiety of the sea wreck, royal
fishes, &c. with free warren.
A fine was levied in the 15th of Edward I. between Geff. de Sandiacre, querent, and Roger, son of Roger de Colvile, and Desiderata his
wife, of this lordship, settled on Geffrey for life; this Roger was, as I
take it, son of Sir Roger, (who was sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, in
the 51st of Henry III. and Nicholaa his wife) and married Desiderata,
daughter of Stephen de Marsh, and had by her also the lordships of
Tydd St. Gyles, and Newton.
Jeffrey de Colvile was son of Roger, and Desiderata his wife:
between this Jeffrey, and Robert de Watervill and Desiderata, (his
wife) a fine was levied in the 2d of Edward II. of this manor,
settled on Jeffrey; and in the 11th of the said King a composition
was made between the Bishop of Ely and him, about the view of
frank-pledge, the lete, and amerciaments of the tenants here.
By the inquisitions taken in the 20th of Edward III. it appears
that John Colvile then held half a knight's fee in Walsoken, West
Walton, and Walpole, of the Bishop of Ely, and in the 35th of the
said King, Sir John de Colvile (fn. 2) died beyond sea, seized of the said
manors, with those of Newton, Tydd St. Gyles, Mersh, (or Marche) in
Cambridgeshire, and Sir John Colvile, Knt. was his son and heir, aged
23; this Sir John Colvile, Sir John Shardelowe, Sir William Cheynee,
and John Leverington, were appointed in the 10th of Richard II. in
the county of Cambridge, to proclaim that no grasiers, or sellers of
cattle, or horses, &c. should sell them at a higher price than usual:
he married Alice, and held together a moiety of the manor of Strete,
in Kent, (probably Stone Strete) called Chiveler's, and dying possessed
of this lordship, &c. in the 17th of Richard II. John Colvile was his
son and heir, 29 years old, as appears from the eschaet roll, which
says he held 207 acres of land here, belonging to his manor. This
Sir John scaled with the arms of Colvile, as his father, and quartered
or, three chess rooks, gules; (fn. 3) crest, a lion passant, in the 46th of
About this time lived William Colvile, Esq. who was one of those
who accompanied John Duke of Lancaster into Spain, in the 9th of
Richard II. and by the eschaets, in the 14th of the said King, Joan
Colvile, first the wife of John Engayne, afterwards of Sir William Colvile, Knt. aged 30, then died. John de St. Quintin is therein called
her brother. Sir John Colvile, and his tenants, on an inquisition
taken at Lyn Bishop's on Monday before the feast of St. Agnes, Henry
IV. Ao. 3, before Sir John White, Knt. held half a fee here, in Walton,
and Walpole, of the Bishop of Ely.
Sir John Colvile, in the 8th of Henry IV. had a patent to found a
chantry in the chapel of St. Mary, in Newton, on the sea coast (super
costeram maris) and to endow it with 40l. per ann.
In the 8th of Henry V. Sir John Colvile granted to Thomas Langley
Bishop of Durham, Sir Thomas Erpingham, &c. feoffees, this manor;
and to Thomas Duke of Clarence, Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, &c.
feoffees, his manors of Newton, in Cambridgeshire, and Tydd St.
Gyles; and is said to die in the 4th of Henry VI. some of these Colviles married a daughter of Mackworth of Normington in Rutlandshire;
and in the church of Newton, was a shield of Colvile, impaling Wythe,
azure, three griffins passant, in pale, or.
In the 8th of Henry VI. Sir John Colvile of Newton had an inquisition, ad quod damnum, on his settling 5 messuages, 110 acres of land,
in Newton, Leverington, Wisbeach, Elme, and a fishery, called Depewere, in Wisbeach, on a chantry in the church of Newton, and died,
as is said, about the 24th of Henry VI. leaving Sir John Colvile, his
son and heir, who married Ann, daughter of Sir Henry Ingels of
Dilham, in Norfolk, and died in the fourth year of King Henry VII.
and in the 9th of the said King, it appears she was remarried to Sir
Francis Colvile, Esq. succeeded his brother, Sir John, and died
seized of this manor in the 9th year, and then a knight, leaving Richard, his son and heir, by Katharine, daughter of John Townsend of
Reynham, in Norfolk, Esq. which Richard, by an inquisition taken at
Thetford, November 2, in the 17th of Henry VIII. was found to die
September 5, in the said year seized of this manor, that of Newton,
&c. and Geffrey was his son and heir, aged 11 years, by Etheldreda
his wife, who had livery of it, &c. in the 27th of the said King: he
married Katharine daughter of Sir John Hind, of Madingley, in Cambridgeshire, who joined with him in conveying by fine to Edward
Thwayts, and Elizabeth his wife, the manor of Strete in Kent, and
died in the year 1575, leaving John Colvile, his son and heir, who was
found to hold this manor of Queen Elizabeth, as of her manor of
West Walton, by the 8th part of a fee, late parcel of the Bishop of
Ely's lands; which John Colvile, Esq. married Ann, daughter and heir
of Nicholas Pincebek, of Pincebek, in Lincolnshire, Esq. by whom he
had Richard Colvile, Esq. lord here and of Newton, who by Mary his
wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Bernardiston of Ketton, in Suffolk, and
Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Thomas Hauchet, had Sir Thomas Colvile, Knt. his eldest son, who married Alice, daughter of Sir William
Spencer, of Yarnton, in Oxfordshire, and dying sans issue, October 17,
1611, was succeeded in this manor, &c. by his brother, Richard Colvile, Esq. who in 1638, sued Sir Philip Landen, Knt. in the court of
chivalry, for words, &c. and dying in 1650, left by Sarah his wife,
daughter of Sir John Laurence of Iver, in Buckinghamshire, Bart.
several sons; John, who died unmarried, William Colvile, Esq. who
was justice of peace for Cambridgeshire, and married Ann, daughter
of Sir Richard Stone of Stewkley, in Huntingdonshire, and died sine
I meet also with 2 younger sons of the said Sir Thomas Edred, and
Jeffrey Colvile, who by—, daughter of—Peak, of Walsoken,
had Richard Colvile, of Newton, in the isle of Ely, who married
Frances, daughter of Thomas Carter, alderman and lord mayor of
York, (fn. 4) which Thomas died in 1686, aged 52.
Also John Colvile, Esq. who is said to have been a goldsmith of
London, and purchased the manor of Popenhoe, in this town, and had
by Dorothy his wife, daughter of — Bishop of London, Josiah
Colvile, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, London, in 1685, then aged 27, died at
Wisbeach, December 25, 1705, and was buried at Newton, leaving
Ann his sister and heir. Robert Colvile, Esq. of Newton, in the isle of
Ely, is now lord.
I find also a little manor, called Colleter's, or Collector's, in this town,
held of the Colviles. In the 9th of Henry VIII. Sir John Audley, and
Elizabeth his wife conveyed to Thomas Spring, &c. a messuage, 380
acres of land, 10s. per ann. rent, by fine, in this town, Walpole, West
Walton, Tirrington, &c. and in the 15th of that King, Thomas Spring
was found to hold the manor of Collectors, of Sir John Colvile, Knt.
in soccage, and the rent of 13s. 8d. with one cock, and one hen, per
ann. and in the 11th of Elizabeth it was conveyed from the Springs,
to Henry Hunston, of whom see in Walpole.
John Low, Esq. was lately possessed of a manor, after him Thomas
Potter, Esq. youngest son of Archbishop Potter, and his widow now
The prior of Lewes in Sussex had also a manor here belonging to
his lordship of West Walton, which in 1428 was found to be worth
6l. 12s. 8d. ob. per ann. which on the dissolution was granted to
Thomas Duke of Norfolk: of this see in West Walton.
The Church of Walsoken is dedicated to All-Saints, and has a
nave, north and south isle, with a chancel covered with lead; at the
west end is a tower, with a spire of free-stone.
Against the wall of the steeple, facing the nave of the church, is
the effigies of King Solomon, sitting in a chair, or throne, in royal
robes, projecting from the wall, and on each side of him, a large piece
of painting, representing the history and judgment of that King, on
the two harlots; and at the east end of the nave, that of King David,
with his harp; and under it the picture of King Charles I.
On the pavement here a gravestone,
M. S. Petri Wensley, Generosi, Rob. Wensley, clerici, filii, qui obt.
18°. Martij, A. D. 1711, œt. 28, hec non Eleanorœ conjugis ipsius quœ
morti cessit 13, Julij œt. 25. Juxta hos inhumatur Rob. Petri, frater, ob.
Oct. 4, 1733. œt. 49, and this shield, - - - - -, four escallops, with their
heads meeting in the fess point, - - - - - -, impaling - - - -, a chevron
between three mullets, on a chief, three bucks heads cabosed.
Near this one,
In memory of Elizabeth Wensley, widow, and only daughter of Peter
Robertson, of Cheshunt in Hertfordshire, Esq; relict of Robert Wensley
of the said town, clerk, who dyed Sept. 26, 1697, aged 47.
The font is curiously ornamented with imagery work of many saints,
our Saviour's passion, and the seven sacraments of the church of
Rome: and round the foot of it,—
Remember the soul of S. Honyter and Margaret his wife and John
A gravestone also,
In memory of Thomas son of Edw. Southwell, Gent. and Alice his
wife, grandson to Rob. Wensley, who died March 11, 1692, aged 25
Rob. Wensley of Walsoken, Gent. buried Nov. 3, 1691, aged 77.
Alice wife of Rob. Wensley, Gent. who dyed Nov. 9, 1678, aged 65.
Mary, wife of John Gardener, of Wisbeach, Gent. daughter of Rt.
Wensley, Gent. died Nov. 4, 1691, aged 40 years.
At the end of the north isle, one with,
Orate p. aia Thome Honyter, qui obt. 1°. Apr. 1505.
Orate, p. aiab; Tho. Mey et Katerine, uxor. sue.
Also a copartment for,
Anne, wife of Hen. Ferrers, Gent. who died June 3d. 1692, aged 38;
and this shield, a lozenge, between 4 horse shoes.
At the east end of the south isle an altar monument covered with a
H. S. corpora Joh. Oldman, Generosi, et Gratiœ, primœ uxoris ejus;
ille obt. 27, Martij anno salut. 1733, œt. 57, illa 15 Jan. 1727, œt. 50,
juxta etiam Anna, eor. filia, uxor Edw. Wignal, de Wisbeach in Eliensi
Elizab. daughter of William Scales, who died Sep. 27, 1694.
In memory of William Edwards, of Walsoken, Gent. who died May
29, 1680, in his 46 year; and for Steph. Edwards, his son, who died
Jan. 30, 1709, aged 34.—For Eliz. late wife of William Edwards, Gent.
who died May 31, 1701, aged 53.
Thomas Edwards, Gent: who dyed Aug. 13, œt. 73.
On the pavement in the chacel, a marble grave-stone, with the
arms of Wright, azure, two bars engrailed, and in chief, three leopards
heads, or, impaling gules, a chevron between three triple-turretted
towers, argent, One by.
In memory of Dorothy Wright, widow, daughter of John Oneby, of
Leicestershire, Esq; relict of Ezech. Wright, late of Thurcaston in Leicestershire, clerk, by whom she had 2 sons, Nathan (fn. 5) and Ezech. and a
daughter Dorothy, wife of John Twells, late of this town, Esq; who died
Sept. 26, in her 65 year, 1691.
In memory of Frances, wife of Henry Hunston, Gent. daughter of
John Hoyle, of Downham, Gent, who died June 10, 1685, aged 56.
On a mural monument,
Near this place lye interred the bodies of John Herring, M.A. thirty
six years rector of this parish, aged 75, buried June 2, 1717, and of
Martha, his wife, daughter of Thomas Potts, of the parish of St.
Gregory's, London, aged 44, buried Jan. 3, 1704.
This monument is erected in gratefull memory of his excellent parents,
by their only son Thomas, Lord Arch-bishop of Canterbury, 1750.
In this church were the guilds of the assumption of our Lady, that
of St. Thomas the Martyr, the nativity of our Lady, that of St. John,
and that of the Trinity, as appears from the will of William Honyter,
of Walsoken, in 1513, who desires to be buried in the chapel of our
Lady in the church of Walsoken, by his brethren: by this it is plain
that the east end of the north isle, was that chapel; Thomas Honiter
being there buried.
The tenths were 26l. 8s.—Deducted, 1l. 6s. 8d.
John de More was rector, and by deed sans date received
Robert Mautelent into the vicarage of the church of Walsoken, paying
to him 14 marks of silver, per ann. and to the monastery of Ramsey
the old pension of 20s. per ann.
Ao. 14 King John, William de Lutherfield was presented to the
rectory, by that King.
Roger de Ravelingham, in the reign of Henry III.
Mr. Stephen occurs rector in 22d of Edward I. and in the
28th of that King, a fine was levied between Roger, (son of Roger de
Colvile,) and Desiderata his wife, of the advowson of this church,
and the abbot of Ramsey; whereby for 100l. sterling, they confirmed
it to the abbot, Roger pretending that Geffrey de Marisco, ancestor of
Desiderata was seized thereof in the time of King John, who had
issue Stephen, who was father of Desiderata.
1800, Roger de Norton, presented by the abbot, &c.
1312, Richard de Cornwall, ditto, prebend of Newbald, and of
Frydaythorp, in Yorkshire.
1332, Bartholomew de Bourn: in the 12th of Edward III. he had
a writ of protection, dated the 10th of April, going then abroad on
the King's business, treasurer of York.
1344, Mr. Thomas de Hatfield, by the King, afterwards Bishop of
Durham: he exchanged for Hadenham, in Cambridgeshire.
John de Wrottyng, by the King.
John Loring, by the Pope.
1386, Henry de Winwick, by the Pope.
1390, Thomas Martin, the King's chaplain, by the King.
1401, Mr. Peter Pykering, (exchanged for Tring, in Lincoln
diocese,) by the abbot.
1405, Robert Clerk, by the abbot.
1405, Robert Clerk, by Sir John Pelham, and Sir John Tiptoft, hac
1406, Reginald Braybrook, (exchanged for Holywell, alias Finsbury,
prebend in the church of St. Paul's) by John Styvecle, &c. also prebend of Bartonsham, in Herefordshire.
1408, John Laurence, exchanged for Grantsden, in Cambridgeshire,
ditto, on an exchange with William Walsckeif.
1408, John Roland, (exchanged for Styvenache, in Herefordshire)
1416, Mr. Peter Styvecle, LL.B.
William Ashenden, rector, by the prior.
1433, Mr. John Storthwayt, by the abbot.
1436, John Lane, by the abbot.
1438, Mr. Henry Trevylian, (ditto,) custos of Wingfield college,
Robert Bekke, rector.
1444, Richard Knott, by the abbot.
1448, Robert Brome.
1451, John Perre.
1458, John King.
1472, Mr. John Crosse, master of grammar.
1473, Nicholas Hewys, by the abbot.
1495, Thomas Hobbys.
1502, Mr. Thomas Hare, LL. D. chancellor of Norwich, &c.
1520, Mr. William Stillington, juris pontific. Dr. on Hare's death.
1588, Francis Snell, S.T. B. by the Queen.
Humphrey Rosie, occurs rector, 1619, then compounded for
Thomas Grouse, in 1620.
Robert Balam occurs rector 1635, and then compounded.
John Herring, M. A. he was father to Dr. Thomas Herring, Archbishop of Canterbury, who was born here, 1693.
1717, Edward Cross, by Edward Cross.
1733, Paul Bachelor, by John Creed, Esq.
1742, John Forster, by John Creed, Esq.
The ancient valor of this church was 40 marks, besides the portion
paid to the abbot of Ramsey 40s. per ann. Peter-pence, 3s. 4d.—the
portion paid belonged to the sacrist of the abbey, and was granted
by John of Oxford Bishop of Norwich.
The present valor is 30l. 13s. 4d. and pays first fruits and tenths.
These arms were anciently in this church, argent, a chevron engrailed sable, between three griffins heads erased, azure, on a chief,
gules, a star between two mullets or, the arms of Dr. Hare, rector.
Gules, a fess undeè between three mullets, argent, Everard.
Argent, a fret azure, on every joint, a lis, or, on a canton, gules, a
star, impaling Heveningham, in a window of the south isle.
In this parish was a chapel dedicated to the Holy Trinity, at the
place called the Stathe-Dytch, in which was a famous guild or fraternity, with custos, or master.
In 1461, Eborardus was custos, as he styles himself, of the chapel
and hospital of the Holy Trinity of Walsoken.
Pope Urban VI. Boniface IX. Martin V. Paul II. and Sixtus V.
granted to the brothers and sisters of this fraternity, and to all who
were benefactors to it, surprising indulgences, as will appear from
what I have here subjoined, taken from a rude and imperfect copy of
a deed of admission of two persons into this fraternity, under the
seal of the aforesaid Eborard.
Universis S'ce matris eccl'ie filijs ad quos p'sentes litter. p'venerint,
Eborard. custos capelle et hospitalis S'ce Trinitatis de Walsoken, Norwic. dioc. et ejusd. loci confratres et consorores salut. in D'no. se'pitern.
noverit universitas vestra veneranda qd piissimus in Xto, pater et
Dominus noster D'nus Urban, divinâ miseratione Papa Sextus, de plenitudine sue pietat. nobis indulsit qd. eis qui de facultatib; suis. &c.
nobis subvenerit, et in sanctam societem nostram statuerunt se collegas,
nobis - - - - - - - - - - - - que beneficia prœstiterint, annuatim septi'am
partem panitent. - - - - - - relaxavit tres annos et centum dies venie
totiens quotiens hoc fecerunt vel meruerint, concessit ac eciam plenariam
participat. omnium missar. et aliar. oration. spiritual. que fiunt et decet. fient in universati ecclesiâ ad quas p'tin fuerint interdict. ipsis qu.
mori contigerit nisi excommuni. vel no'iati interdicti aut publici usurarij
fuerint ecclesiastica sepultura eis non negabitur et curatieor. qui habent
curas a'imar q; suar. possint eos absolvere ab omnib; eor. peccat. contritis et confessis, ac etiam oblitis, nisi forte talia com'iserint p'pr. que
sedes apostolica sit merito consulenda, quas quidem concessiones sanctissi
in Xto, patres Bonifacius Papa non. Martinus quintus, Paulus secund.
et Sixtus papa quintus misericorditr. p. ampli. confirmat. confirmavi et.
qd. dilecti. nobis in Christo Tho. Hutton - - - - Dekkys, caritat subsidia
nobis donaver. in dictam confraternitatem nostram eos assumimus, et
intr. nostros confratres Xti. pauperes - - - - - - - - amus eos - - - - - - - in
Deo possumus omniam bonor. spiritualium intr. nos confratres habitor.
et in posterum habendor. missar. et alior. omn. jejunior. vigiliar. abstinentiar. elemosinar. et peregrinat. participes esse volumus p.p'sentes. In
cujus rei testimon. sigill. custod. hospital. nostri p'dicti p'sentib; est
appensum. Dat. apd. Walsoken in capella n'ra sexto die Octob. Anno
D'ni Millesimo cccc. lxxxi.
The seal is oblong, having under an arch the effigies or representation of God the Father, supporting our Saviour on the cross, as was
frequently and profanely used in the church of Rome; below that
the custos at prayers, with a legend, Sigill. - - - - - confrat. et consoror.
- - - - - - - Trinit. de Walsoken,
The absolution on the admission of a brother, &c. Auctorilate Dei
Omnipot. et beator. Petri et Pauli ac auctoritate apostolicâ mihi in
hac parte commissâ, Ego Te absolvo ob omnib; peccatisp. te vere contritis et mihi confessis, nec non ab omnib; peccatis tuis oblitis de quib;
velles confiteri si tue occurrerit memorie ac septimam partem penitent.
Auctoritale literar. et postolicar. concessar. relaxo, in nomine patris, &c.
By a like deed, John Berners, Esq. was admitted in 1476, (who
was second son of Thomas Berners, Esq. 2d son of Sir John Berners
Lord Berners) who married a daughter and coheir of Sir Henry
Brain of South Okendon in Essex, remarried to Robert Harleston.
John Alcock, Bishop of Ely, March 4, 1487, granted 40 days indulgence to all who contributed to the support of this hospital.
To this guild there also belonged certain chaplains. Thomas
Martynson, priest of the hospital, in 1512, wills to be buried in the
chapel or chapel yard of this hospital, as that shall please the master.
Thomas Jackson died custos in 1475.
Hewet, custos, succeeded.
Thomas Jackson, custos, and the brethren, granted indulgence to
Maurice Jenkin and Margaret his wife, March 2, 1468, by virtue
of the Pope's bull aforesaid.
On its dissolution, King Edward VI. granted, it on the 21 of
August, in his 6th year, to Mary Duchess of Richmond and Somerset,
with all the messuages, lands, &c. belonging to it in Walsoken, West
Walton, Wisbeche, Leverington, Elme, and Enmyth, to be held by
knight's service, and in capite of the King.
Soon after this, and in the said year, Robert Balam held it in
capite of the King, by the 3d part of a fee; and 125 acres belonged
to it, as appears in the 21 of Elizabeth, when Alexander Balam had
a pardon for purchasing it of Robert Balam, without license, which
Robert died September 2, 14 of Elizabeth, and left Elizabeth his wife
daughter, as it is said, of Sir John Cressener of Morley in Norfolk;
—Balam of Barton-Mills in Suffolk, son of Alexander Balam,
was his cousin and heir, on whose death it came to Charles Balam
Esq. (fn. 6) younger son of Alexander, which Charles was found to die
seized of it May 31, in the 34th of the said Queen; and Robert was
his son and heir, aged 12 years; and the said Charles also held a
capital messuage in Walsoken, called St. Rokes, with 4 acres, &c.
belonging to it, held of the King in capite, and the service of 26s. 8d.
Probably this capital messuage was the chapel of St. Roche's, to
which Thomas Martynson, priest of Trinity-Hospital aforesaid, was
a benefactor, and left a legacy to the light of St. Anne in St Roche's
chapel, in 1512; and in November 3, in 1639, Charles (fn. 7) Balam, son
of Robert, died possessed of it.
Mention is made of Walsoken hermitage in the 2d of Henry V.
Balam bore sable, on a fess, between three stars, argent, as many
The prior of Mermond had lands in this town, granted July 23, in
the 2d of Queen Mary, to Thomas Reve, and Giles Isham, taxed in
1428 at 4l. 10s. 2d. ob. and at the said time had a grant of lands
belonging to the priory of Mirmound. The temporalities in 1428,
were 4l. 10s. 2d. ob,
Walsoken sea bank, from Newgate-Slowe to Emneth sea-dike, was
three miles in length.