WIGENHALE ST. MARY'S.
Hermerus de Ferrariis, who had by the gift of the Conqueror,
lordships in Tilney, and Islington, was also Lord here; those manors
extending here, which came after to the lords Bardolph.
The ancient family of Capravill, or Kervile, held the chief manor
in this town, of the Lords Bardolph, and had their seat or residence
here. Robert de Capravill, Simon, son of Roger, and Robert, son of
Walter de Cherevill, and Jeffrey de Cherevile were living in the reign
Richard I. (fn. 1)
Reginald de Karevilla, or Kervill, who married Alice, daughter or
Sir Richard de la Rokeley, and had with her the lordship of Greenvill,
in Stoke Holy Cross, lived in the reign of King John. Sir Frederick de
Capravill was found to hold in Wigenhale, two knights fees of the
honour of Wirmegay, of the Lord Bardolph, when an aid was granted
to King Henry III. on the marriage of his sister Isabel, to the Emperor; and Robert de Cherevile, by deed sans date was a benefactor
to the priory of Castleacre, and Alice de Cherevile, conveyed lands in
Tilney, by fine in the 52d of Henry III. to Philip de Cherevile.
William, son of William de Kervile, of Wigenhale, bought lands of
Edmund de Sexton, by fine, in the 21st of Edward I. (fn. 2) and Martin
Snelling, and Agnes his wife, conveyed by fine to William de Kervill,
and John, his son, lands in Tilney, in the 3d of Edward II. and William de Wigenhale, and Petronilla his wife, lands in Wigenhale, &c. to
Jahn de Kervile, and a mill in the 17th that King; and one of the
same name was witness to a deed in the 1st and 7th of Edward III.
After this lived Edmund Kervil, who married Alice, daughter and
coheir of Sir John Tilney, of Quaplode, in Lincolnshire. Sir Robert
Kervile of Wigenhale was son of this Edmund, (as I take it) and dying
most probably in foreign parts, his heart was buried in this parish
church: he is said to be the ancestor of the Kervils, of Watlington,
and to have an elder brother, John, who married a daughter of Thomas
Fitz Williams, Esq of Maplethorp, in Lincolnshire, and was lord of this
Thomas Kervile, Esq. was lord in the year 1467, and had by Mary
his wife, daughter and coheir of Gilbert Haultoft, of the isle of Ely,
Baron of the Exchequer in the time of Henry VI. Humphrey was his
son and heir, who married Alice, or Anne, daughter of John Fincham,
Esq. of Fincham, by whom he had Humphrey, his son and heir, who
married Anne, daughter of Jeff. Cobbe, Esq. of Sandringham, Norfolk
and had 3 sons, and 7 daughters.
Thomas, his eldest, William his second, and Edmund the third, who
married Catharine, daughter of William Saunders, Esq. she married
to her second husband, John Spelman, Esq. of Narburgh, and to her
third. Miles Corbet, Esq.
Alice Kervile, a daughter, married first John Bedingfeld, Esq and
afterwards Sir John Sulyard, Knt.— Elizabeth married Robert Bozon,
of Wissenset, Esq.—Eleanor to Neal, Esq.—Joan, to John Shouldham,
Esq.— Catharine, to — Gawseli, Esq.—Margaret, first married
Nicholas Dean of Wigenhale, Gent. and afterwards John Shorditch,
alias Bexwell, Esq. of Bexwell, and Mary to —.
Thomas Kervil, Esq. the eldest son, married Alice, daughter of Sir
Heny Bedingfeld of Oxburgh, by whom he had Henry Kervile, Esq.
who, by Winefred, his wife, daughter of Sir Anthony Thorold, Knt and
relict of George Clifton, Esq. of Nottinghamshire; her third husband
was Sir Edward Gawsell, Knt. and Sir Henry Kervile, who married
Mary, daughter of Franc. Plowden, Esq. by whom he had two children, who died in their infancy. He was a bigotted papist, and about
November 1620, was accused by Sir Cristopher Heydon, Knt. that the
Papists met at his house, in order to subscribe to and assist the Emperor, against the King of Bohemia, when King James I. requested a
loan (for the recovery of the Palatinate) from the nobility and gentry
of England, whereupon he was sent for to the council table, imprisoned some time, and his papers seized, but was afterwards released.
Sir Henry Spelman says that on his death, (1624,) the estate of the
Kerviles came into the family of the Cobbs of Sandringham; (fn. 3) but it
is certain it did not continue long so.
In the 21st of King Charles I. John Williamson, Gent. had a prœcipe to deliver it to Gregory Gawsell, Esq. who was eldest son of
Thomas Gawsell, Esq. of Watlington, and dying unmarried in 1656,
this lordship came to Hatton Berners, Esq. (son of Arthur Berners,
Esq. of Finching field, in Essex, by Elizabeth his wife, eldest sister of
Gregory Gawsell aforesaid,) who was high sheriff of Norfolk, in 1666,
and on his death in 1713, it desended to Gregory his eldest son, who
dying unmarried in 1715, his brother William was his heir, who married and had several children, and dying in 1727, this estate was soon
after sold, in order to pay his debts, &c. to Sir Robert Brown, Bart.
who was his Majesty's resident, or consul, at Venice, and created a
Baronet in the 5th of King George II. was a member of parliament
for Ilchester, in Somersetshire, and 1741, appointed paymaster of all
his Majesty's works, and lord of this town; his arms,—gules, a chevron,
between three fleurs-de-lis, or;—crest, on a wreath, a demy Lon rampant, gules, in his dexter paw a fleur-de-lis, as before;—motto,
Gaudeo: he died October 5, 1760, leaving a widow and two
At a place called Wathden, or Waterden, in this parish, Serjeant
Godard observes there was to be seen in his time some remains of a
church, also bones that appear at a low ebb upon the river side.
The old hall, or manor-house, was a large building of brick, with
a good tower, or gate-house, embattled and built by the Kerviles,
with their arms thereon; the greatest part of it is pulled down, and
inhabited by a tenant.
Westacre Priory Manor.
In the 14th of Edward I. Hubert, prior of Westacre, held lands here,
as appears by a fine; in the said year, Robert, son of William, son of
Ivo de Wigenhale, impleaded Hubert, prior, on account of lands here,
and in the 34th of the said King, Robert de Walpole aliened lands to
that priory.—Esch. N. 136.
In the 6th of Edward II. Jeffrey Sutton aliened lands to the aforesaid priory, viz. 60 acres of land in Wigenhale, Walton, Tilney, Tirington, &c. (Inquis. ad qd. damn. N. 15.) and in the 7th of the said King,
William de Wigenhale aliened to the said house 102 acres of land, &c.
12s. rent in Wigenhale and Custhorp, by way of exchange; (Inquis.
ad. qd. damn. N. 102:) also John Wigenhale 60 acres of land, 12 of
meadow, with a messuage in Wigenhale, Tirington, Tilney, &c. in the
said year. N. 112.
In the 3d of Edward III. the said prior was found to hold the 4th
part of a fee in Wigenhale and Tilney of the Lord Bardolph.
In 1428, the temporalities of this priory here were valued at 14l.
9s. per ann. in land, rent, and a mill, and their spiritualities (that is
the appropriated rectory) at 12 marks.
On the Dissolution it came to the Crown; and in the 3d and 4th
of Philip and Mary, lands belonging to this house, in the tenure of
John Saunderson, were granted to Sir John Perrot, p. 2. on July 2,
but the appropriated rectory was granted by Queen Elizabeth, in her
2d year, July 2, to John Harryngton, and George Burden, and the
patronage of the vicarage remained in the Crown.
The Bishop of Ely had a little homage here of several free tenants,
probably belonging to his manor of West Walton, which extended
here, but it had not a lete.
The prior of Bernwell in Cambridgeshire was found to hold the
fourth part of a fee in Wygenhale, of the Lord Bardolph, in the 3d of
Edward III. and his temporalities in 1428, were valued at 2l. 13s.
The abbot of Derham, and Edward Noon, were found to hold in
Wigenhale, and Tilney, in the 3d of Henry IV. two knights fees of the
Lord Bardolf, 45 acres of land, meadows, &c. in Wigenhale, granted
July 22, in the 7th of James I. to Robert Angel, and John Walker,
called Heydole, lately belonging to West Derham abbey.
The prior of Wirmegey's temporalities, in Wigenhale, were valued at
2l. 3s. 10d. ob.
The abbot of Bury had a manor here, &c. valued at 2l. 0s. 6d. ob.
William de Sculdham, gave to this abbey, for his own soul, and
that of Adeliza his wife, a toft, which Seman and his wife, Leofwot,
held in the parish of Wigenhale St. Mary, and a croft in Waterdene,
which Sampson, abbot of Bury, who lived in the reign of King
Richard I. confirmed to William, son of Alan, ancestor (as it is said)
of the family of the Howards. Regist. Sacrist. Bur. fol. 58, 59.
Queen Elizabeth, on April 10, in her 16th year, granted concealed
lands, belonging to this abbey, in the tenure of William Prentys,
William Hoe, and others, to Edward Dyer, and Henry Cressener.—
The Church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a very regular pile, having
a body, a north and south isle, and a chancel; the nave, or body is
thatched, the isles, and a south porch covered with lead; in the
steeple, which is foursquare, are 5 bells.
In the east window of the south isle, are azure, three cinquefoils,
or, Lord Bardolf's arms; gules, six escallops, argent, Lord Scales,
and gules, a cross ingrailed, argent, Inglethorp.
This east part is divided from the other part, by an oaken screen,
and was an old chapel; here is a stately altar monument of marble
and alabaster, whereon lie the effigies of a man in armour, and his
lady in alabaster, resting their heads on cushions, with their hands in
a supplicant posture; below them is the pourtraiture of a little girl,
with her hands conjoined, and by her, a boy in swaddling cloaths; on
one side of them is Kervill's arms, gules, a chevron, or, between three
leopards faces, argent, impaling azure, a fess indented, in chief, two
lis's, or, Plowden;—on the other side Kervil impaling Lovell, of
Barton.—On the west end Kervile impaling sable, three bars, sable,
over all, a bend ermin, Fincham; and Kervill impaling sable, three
covered cups, argent, Boteler, or Butler.—At the east end Kervill,
and Plowden in single shields. (fn. 4) On this stand 4 marble pilasters of the
Corinthian order, with their capitals gilt with gold, supporting an
entablature of the same; on the summit is a goat passant, sable,
attired or; the crest of Kervill, and his arms as above.
On a black marble wall-piece this inscription:
Hic deponitur corpus Henricj Kervilj, equitis aurati, filij et hœredis
Henricj Kervillj Armig. de Winefredâ conjuge suâ Antonij Thorold
militis, filiâ procreati; uxorem duxit Mariam, Franciscj Plowden,
Armig. gnatam, e quâ prolem binam, sed in cunabulis extinctum suscepit, Gervasium scilicet et Mariam; sororem habuit unicam, Annam
Rob'. Thorald, Armig. nuptam, sine exitu defunctam, 26 Junij, 1624,
obijt, et in illo antiqui sui stemmatis Kervillorum nomen, Quam reliquit
conjux vitâ, eum sequuta est, consors morte Martij 6to eodem anno.
In the lowest window of this south isle is the triangular emblem of
the Trinity; in the next, sable, a fess dauncette, between three mullets pierced, argent, Wesenham, and azure, or argent, two chevrons,
sable, Dalling.—In the 3d window, azure, three cinquefoils, argent,
Fitton,—and in the fourth, gules, a fess between six lis, argent,
Thorp; and gules, a bend between six cross crosslets, fitcheè, argent,
In the west window, argent, a lion rampant, sable, crowned or, on
his shoulder, a lis, argent, Morley.
On a marble stone lying near the east end of this isle;
Here lye the bodies of Grace and Katherine, daughters of Hatton
Berners, Esq; and Bridget his wife, the only sister of Sir Symon Leach,
of Devonshire, Kt. of the Bath; Grace dyed the 16th of July 1682,
aged above 4 years, the other the 10th of November 1680, aged 4
months.—Also the bodies of William and Mary the son and daughter
of William Berners, Esq; he dyed 13th of April 1718, aged 4 months;
she the 1st. of April 1719, aged 4 months.
Adjoining lies a small marble stone, with an heart (in the centre)
of brass, and round it 4 labels, or pieces of brass, each in form of a
crescent, thus inscribed.—
Orate p. a'ia Dnj Robertj—Kervile Militis de Wigenhale—Filij
Edmundi Kervile de—Wygenhale, cujus cor hic humatur.
At the lower end of the nave are several grave-stones, in memory
of the Harwicks;—viz. of Sarah, daughter of Thomas Harwick, and
Ann, who dyed 29th of May 1700.—Of Mary, daughter of Richard
Earwick, Gent. and Etheldreda his wife who dyed May 9, 1702, aged
7 months.—Of Richard Harwick, Gent. who dyed April 8, 1691, aged
72.—Of Etheldreda, wife of Richard Harwick, Gent. who dyed
December 31, 1694, aged 57.
In this nave stands a stately brass eagle, with its pedestal supported
by three lions, with this inscription;
Orate p. aia Fratris Roberti Barnard Guardianj de Walsingham,
Ao. Dnj. 1518.
Also a gravestone,
In memory of William Robinson, who dyed December 4, 1665, aged
The seats here and in both the isles are of oak, and carved with
the figures of saints, &c. and on the upper seat, on the south side, are
the arms of Kervile, and Butler.
The windows over the arches of this nave have been curiously
painted. In that over the 5th arch, on the south side, is the salutation of the blessed Virgin; in the upper window over the fifth arch,
on the north side, is the figure of our Saviour, &c.; in the pannels
below, the arms of Kervite, and Kervile impaling Lovel. In that over
the fourth arch, St. Simon, under him Kervile impaling Butler.—St.
Jude, under him Kervile alone. St. Matthias, under him Kervile
impaling Fincham.— In that over the 3d arch St. Philip, under him
Kervile, impaling sable, two piles, argent, Pyke.—St. Bartholomew, and
under him Kervile, alone.—St. Matthew, under him Kervile, impaling,
azure an eagle displayed, or, Shouldham, quartering gules, a chief
In the 2d window, under Saint John, Kervile impaling argent, a
fess between six ogresses, in a bordure, ingrailed, sable, Deane.—St.
Thomas, under him, Kervile, alone, and St. James the Great.—Over
the 1st and lowest arch of this north isle, St. Peter, and St. Andrew.
It is to be observed that there were in these 4 lowest windows, the
figures of the twelve Apostles, 3 in each window; those abovementioned are what remained when I viewed the church in 1730; as some
of these are broken and lost through time, &c. so are also several
impalements of the Kerviles, which shewed the matches, or marriages,
of the family: in an ancient MS. I perceive there were also these
Kervile, impaling barry of six, or, and azure, a canton ermine.
Gawsell:—Kervile impaling Haultoft, sable, four lozenges, ermine, in a
bordure, ingrailed, argent, Kervile impaling Buresley.
The east part of the north isle was also a chapel, and is divided
from the rest by a screen: in the east window, are the arms of
Howard, also gules, a saltier ingrailed argent, Kerdeston, as I take it;
and in the west window of the said isle, or, three barrulets, sable, (fn. 5)
over all a lion rampant, gules; and sable on a bend argent, three lis
of the first.
In the chancel east window is gules, a fess between six cross crosslets, or, Beauchamp; and on a canton, a maunch, gules, the arms of
Tony, and anciently sable, a chevron, ermin, between three cross
crosslets botony fitchè, and the Lord Scales.
On a marble grave-stone in the chancel, with the arms of Berners,
quarterly, vert and or, impaling ermin, on a chief indented gules, 3
ducal coronets, or, Leach.
Here lyeth the body of Hatton Berners, Esq; who dyed November
23, 1713, aged 73.
Another with the arms of Barners,
In memory of Simon, first son of Hatton Barners, Esq; who dyed
1693, aged 18, and Bridget, his wife.
Also one for
Bridget wife of Hatton Barners, only sister, to Sir Simon Leach, of
Devonshire, knight of the Bath, she died January 15, 1705.
In memory of William Barners, Esq. who dyed June 9. 1727, aged
== years, and of Jane his wife, who dyed April 10, 1725, aged 41: with
the arms of Barners, impaling three lions passant, 2 and 1. Another
with the arms of Barners, for
Gregory Barners, Esq. who dyed February 14. 1715, aged 34 years.
In this church were also the arms of the see of Ely.—The EastAngles, or of Bury abbey; and azure, a fess between two chevrons,
Humphrey Kervile, of this town, by his will dated October 6, 1540,
was here buried.
The vicarage is valued in the King's books at 12l. 10s. the King is
patron. The ancient valor of it was 7 marks; Peter-pence 1d.
The church was appropriated to the priory of Westacre, in Norfolk,
given to it by the Lord Bardolf, (as I conceive,) or by Ralph de Tonys,
founder of that monastery.
The rectory was valued at 12 marks.
On the Dissolution it came to the Crown, and Queen Elizabeth in
her second year, July 2, granted this rectory to John Harrington, and
Here were lands belonging to St. Stephen's college, in Westminster,
valued at 3l. per ann. which were granted in the 3d and 4th of Philip
and Mary, to Sir John Perrot,—p. 2, in the tenure of Thomas Jackson.
1316, Walter de Wolpet, instituted vicar, presented by the prior,
&c. of Westacre.
1322, John de Rysing. Ditto.
1349, William de Oxwick. Ditto.
1358, Steph. Atte Crouch, of Marham, (exchanged for St. Matthew
at Norwich). Ditto.
1366, John Wayte, (exchanged for St. Matthews at Norwich). Ditto.
1377, William de Enemeth. Ditto.
1383, John Boxstede, by the prior, &c. of Westacre.
1393, Thomas Wright, by &c.
Thomas de Gedney.
1413, Roger Philpot, by, &c.; he was chaplain of the free chapel of
St. Rodegund, in St. Paul's, London, and exchanged with Gedney,
1418, Constantine Fitz Ralph, (exchanged for Sculton). Ditto.
1419, Mr. John Verjaunt. Ditto.
1422, Edmund Bungay. Ditto.
1435, John Elwyn, (exchanged for Estbrig in Kent,) Ditto.
1453, Edmund Romney. Ditto.
1467, Sim. Stone. Ditto.
1491, Henry Brigges. Ditto.
1507, Robert Borough. Ditto.
1509, Robert Johnson, Bishop of Norwich, by lapse.
1515, William Lacie, by the prior, &c.
1541, Nicholas Thirkle, (by James Daniel, assignee of the prior,
&c.) prebend of Norwich, and was a married priest.
1545, Peter Becke, by Mary Dutchess of Richmond and Somerset.
1554, Gawin Stock. Ditto.
1556, Edward Wilkinson, by the Crown.
1577, Thomas Sowter, by Queen Elizabeth
1591, Robert Fielden. Ditto.
1592, Thomas Tenaunt. Ditto.
1599, Richard Tomson. Ditto.
1599, John Crissall. Ditto.
1635, George Springal, compounded for first fruits, December 1.
Laurence Park, rector of Barton All-Saints.
1716, Joseph Barker, by the King, on Park's death.
1755, John Devall. Ditto.
Is an hamlet belonging to the parish of St. Mary Wigenhale. John de
Sculham, (or Shouldham,) Ralph, son of Richard, son of Elias de
Wigenhale, William, son of Walter de Tilney, and Bartholemew de
Tilney, by deeds sans date, gave lands here to West Derham abbey.
John de St. Dennis and Cecilia his wife, conveyed lands, here in the
5th of Edward I. by fine, to Richard de Brandon and Agnes his
In the 8th of Edward II. Thomas de Warblington was found to
hold one fee here, in Clenchwarton, Sechee, West-Winch, Hardwick,
&c. of the honour of Clare; and in the 22d of Richard II. and 38th
of Henry VI. the honour of Clare had lands here: and John de Briston, in the 8th of Edward IV. was found to die seized of a lordship in
Richard Lacy, of this hamlet, by his will in 1509, desires to be
buried in the church of St. Mary Wigenhale, and bequeaths 4 acres
of arable land to the said church, to find wax candles to burn before
the rood, every Sunday, and holyday, in time of divine service.
Robert Apreece, Esq. on July 7, 1662, sold his manor here to Mr.
Daniel Rawlinson, citizen of London, who by his last will in 1667,
left it to his eldest son, Sir Thomas Rawlinson, afterwards Lord Mayor
of London, by whom it was settled in jointure, on Mary his wife,
daughter of Richard Tayler, Esq. of Chiswick, in Middlesex, in 1680,
and on her death, in 1724, it came to her eldest son, Thomas; and on
his death, to his brother, Richard Rawlinson, LL.D. of London, who
sold it in November 1735, to Sir Robert Brown, Bart. a fee farm rent
of 5l. per ann. free from all charges, &c. being reserved out of it,
and granted to the Doctor and his heirs for ever