Godwin Earl of Kent, and father of Harold King of England, had
a lordship in this town in the reign of the Confessor; William the
Conqueror seized on it, and at the grand survey, Godric was bailiff
or stewald of it for that King; 3 carucates of land belonged to it
with 9 villains and 14 borderers, one carucate in demean, and one
among the tenants, 20 acres of meadow, 14 breeding mares, 2 runci,
23 swine, 71 sheep, then valued at 4l. at the survey at 6l. quit rent:
it was 8 furlongs and 12 perches long, and 8 furlongs broad, and paid
12d. ob. gelt per ann. (fn. 1)
This lordship seems to have been held by the lords of Hempstede.
In the 4th of Richard II. John de Eccles aliened to the prior of
Hickling a messuage, 40 acres of land, 30 of pasture, 10 of furze, and
the rent of 60s. here, with lands in Waxham, and other lands here, as
Alan Earl of Richmond had a small fee belonging to a freeman in
King Edward's time, who had 30 acres and half a carucate; Edric,
Alan's man or tenant, had seized on this in the time of Ralph Earl
of Norfolk, and it was valued at 2s. per ann. (fn. 2)
In the 19th of Henry III. Walter de Ingham held this; and in
1261, there was an agreement between Adam, abbot of St. Bennet,
and Sir Oliver Ingham, about wreck at sea, between Palling Cross
and Wenkell Ditch, when Oliver released to the abbot his right therein, and the abbot regranted to him and his heirs half of it, and they
were to gather it and keep it at their charge, till the abbot's bailiff of
Ludham should come, and if any royal fish should come on shore, it
was to be carried to Oliver's court at Waxham, and there be equally
divided. (fn. 3) .
In the 3d of Edward I. Sir Oliver was lord, and died seized of 30
acres of land above specified, which after came to the Stapletons, &c.
Roger Bigot, ancestor to the Earis of Norfolk, had, at the survey,
one carucate of land with 5 borderers, one carucate in demean, and
24 acres and one carucate among the tenants, of which a freeman,
Guert, (brother to King Harold) was deprived; 5 freemen also in this
town, held 33 acres, and one carucate, which Hugh de Hosden was
enfeoffed of by Roger Bigot, valued at 20s. but at the survey at 40s.
4 of these 5 freemen could not leave it without paying 2s. (fn. 4)
The family of de Felbrigg were enfeoft of this by the Lords Bigots,
of whom see in Felbrigg.
Sir Roger Bigot of Felbrigg had a grant of free warren in the 9th
of Edward I.—Sir Simon Felbrigg was lord in the 6th of Edward II.
and had lands here conveyed to him by Richard de Refham, and
Joan his wife.
In the 25th of Edward III. the prior of Hickling had license to
purchase this manor, (as I take it,) and held in the 11th of Henry VI.
half a fee of John Mowbray Duke of Norfolk, late Sir Simon de
The prior held also in the 3d of Henry IV. a quarter of a fee here
of Sir Thomas Bardolf, which was held in the 19th of Henry III. by
William de Ages.
In the 14th of Edward I. one of the same name had wreck at sea
&c. as lord.—The temporalities of this priory, in 1428, were 42s. 10d.
The abbot of Holm's manor or revenues of Horsey and Palling,
were, in the 33d of Henry VIII. April 9, let to farm to Sir Thomas
Woodhouse of Waxham, for 99 years, with the parsonages and vicarages, and wreck at sea, and Sir Henry Woodhouse sold the lease in
the 31st of Queen Elizabeth, to Nathaniel Bacon of Stivekey, the
wreck at sea, extending from a tree called Mark Tree, standing
between Eccles and Palling, from thence to a cross in Palling, and
so to a dike called Wynkel Dike, and a cross in the ground called
Headless Cross, by the said dike, dividing the bounds or hundreds of
Happing, and of East and West Flegg, with all tithes and offerings,
paying 25l. 10s. per ann.
On May 30, ao Elizabeth 31, Sir Henry Woodhouse and Thomas
Grime of Folsham, Gent. for 450l. grant the same (except the wreck
at sea) to Nathaniel Bacon, Esq. of Stifkey.
Before this, on the 12th of July, in the first and 2d of Philip and
Mary, Sir William Woodhouse of Hickling granted to Sir Thomas his
brother, and his heirs, his right in the wreck at sea, which he had by
the grant of King Henry VIII.
After this it came to Sir Martin Calthorp, lord of Hickling, and
his son, Martin Calthorp, Esq. in 1604.
In this family it remained as in Hickling; and Martin Calthorp,
Esq. was lord in 1717, when Wortley Montague, Esq. entered on it;
afterwards purchased by the Lord Walpole, who possessed it in 1740,
and his son, the Earl of Orford, is the present lord.
The tenths were 44s. Deducted 4s.
The Church is dedicated to St. Margaret, and was a rectory,
valued at 5 marks, and appropriated to the priory of Hickling, and a
vicarage was settled in the reign of Edward I.
There was a manse and 3 acres belonging to the rectory. The
monks of Thetford had a portion of tithe valued at 3s. Peter-pence
12d. The prior had license to appropriate it in the 25th of Edward
1301, John de Rudham, rector, presented by the prior of Hickling.
1319, Mr. William de Hemesby.
1328, John Nichol.
1349, Andrew de Hemesby.
1375, Ralph de Hanworth.
1403, John Gottes, vicar, to the vicarage newly erected; presented
by the prior.
1403, William Ive.
1444, William Bertram.
1454, Robert Hempstead.
1485, Thomas Elyngham.
1493, Robert Botyld, he was prior of Hickling, alias Robert Wymondham.
1503, Thomas Alford.
Thomas Carter, vicar.
On June 13, 1532, Richard Bishop of Norwich annexed it to the
priory of Hickling, to be served by one of their canons.
In 1603, there was no vicar, and it had been served by a curate, as
an impropriation. Sir Henry Woodhouse sold the impropriated rectory
and patronage of the vicarage to Nath. Bacon, who conveyed it to
the Calthorps, and Martin Calthorp was patron, in 1717.
In 1612, Edmund Sayer, occurs vicar.
The vicarage is charged at 2l. 6s. 7d. and is discharged; the Earl
of Orford is patron.
William Gostelyn of this town wills in 1473, to be buried in this
church, and gives an acre and half of land, in Cotyote field, to fynd
the holy brede lof, as long as the world endureth, and to the church,
a messuage, in Merefeld, &c. Reg. Caston, Norwich, 188.
Here was the guild of our Lady.