This town, though now in the hundred of Holt, was a member or
part of the hundred of North Erpingham, at the time of the grand
survey, and is placed therein, where we find this account of it; that
it was then the lordship of William de Scohies, or de Escois, and of
Seiar Bar in King Edward's time, who had 3 carucates of land, 4
villains belonging to his demean, and 2 carucates among his tenants,
and that it was always valued at 40s. soc and sac belonged to it, and
it was measured in his other manor of Saxlingham. (fn. 1)
William de Scohies sold this, with many other lordships, to Walter
Giffard Earl of Buckingham; and by an heiress of that family it
came to the ancestor of the Earls of Clare, who were the capital
lords of it.
The family of De Kelling, who held the principal lordship of Kellig under Hugh Earl of Chester, (and which extended into Salthouse,)
held that also, and so were patrons of the churches belonging to the
Sir Hubert de Kelling was witness to a deed, sans date. There was
an agreement between him and Sir Thomas de Wabrune, that
Hubert's men of Salthouse should do suit to his mill here, and Sir
Thomas's men at Salthouse, should do suit to Sir Hubert's, when they
could not grind.
In the 34th of Henry III. it appears by a fine then levied, that
Aunger, son of Thomas de Rysing, married Agnes, widow of Sir Hubert
de Kelling, and held in her right the 3d part of the manors of Salthouse and Kelling, and that Robert, son of Hubert, had 2 parts, and
they agreed to present alternately to the churches, Agnes to have the
first turn; and in the 52d of that King, Roger de Colvile, sheriff
of Norfolk and Suffolk, received of Robert, for not being a knight,
In the 15th of Edward I. Hubert de Kelling claimed view of frank
pledge, a gallows, &c. in the said towns, &c. and held 3 quarters of
a fee of John Hastings, and he of the Earl of Gloucester and Clare;
by Alice his wife he had Sir Robert de Kelling, who, by Lecia his wife,
had a son, Robert.
Robert, son and heir of Sir Robert, had 2 daughters and coheirs;
Maud, married to Sir Richard Harecourt, and Joan, to Walter, son
of William de Holywell, to whom he grants the aforesaid manors, in
the 31st of the said King; and in the 13th of Edward I. Sir Richard
and Maud released to Sir Walter Holewell, on the octaves, of St.
Andrew the Apostle, all their part, to hold to them as long as William,
father of Walter, should live, for his support, excepting for ever the
right of presentation to the churches of St. Nicholas of Salthouse, and
St. Mary of Kelling, and the moiety of the dower of Alice, formerly
wife of Hubert de Kelling, when it shall happen, and after William
de Holywell's, to hold it again for their lives.
The Holewells were a family of great antiquity in Bedfordshire.
Among the pleadings in King Edward the First's reign Simon de
Holewell was possessed of lands in Holewell in the said county. Matthew de Holewell had Thomas his son, father of this Simon.
Alice de Holewell, patroness of the church of Holewell, granted to
the abbot and convent of Westacre a portion of tithe in the church.
Walter aforesaid was afterwards knighted, and witness to a deed in
the 15th of Edward III. and seems to die soon after.
Joan his widow, in the following year, by her deed, dated at Gamlingeye in Cambridgeshire, on the feast of St. Margaret the Virgin,
sold all her interest in Salthouse and Kelling manors, with the advowsons, to Sir John Avenel, Knt. and made Sir Gerard de Braybrake,
Knt. her attorney, to deliver seisen.
This Sir John married Jane, daughter and heir of Sir Walter, and
in the 20th of Edward III. was found to hold 3 quarters of a fee of the
heirs of Hastings, who held of the Earl of Gloucester: he was also
lord of the manor of Avenell in Gamlingey, and son of Will. Avenel,
marshal of the household to the King of Scots, and William was son
of Ralph de Avenel, who was living in the 8th of Henry III.
King Edward III. in his 21st year, by letters patents, dated at Calais, July 20, granted to him free warren in all his demean lands in
Sir John dying in Britany, in the 33d of the said King, left John
his son and heir, and being a knight, attended John Duke of Lancaster
King of Castile and Leon, into Spain, and it is probable died in that
expedition, and bore for his arms, argent, a fess between six annulets,
About the 10th of Richard II. John de Bokenham Bishop of Lincoln
conveyed by fine, probably as a trustree, to Robert de Avenel (son of
Sir John) and to Julian his wife, daughter of Sir Robert Belknap,
chief justice of the Common Pleas, these manors and advowsons, with
those of Holewell in Bedfordshire, Beeches and Gaunts in Wimple,
Cambridgeshire, with that of Gamlingeye.
In the 12th of the said King, the said Bishop made a lease for 15
years of the manors of Salthouse and Kelling, to Sir Robert Belknap,
and confirmed the manors to Robert Avenel and Julian his wife, and
It is proper to observe here, that in this year, Sir Robert Belknap
was banished into Ireland, and the King had entered on these two
lordships; I find, by the escheators accounts, that he desired to be
discharged of the issues and profits of them, which Sir Robert held
August 1, in the 11th of Richard II. on which day he forfeited his
lands and tenements, because demised by John de Buckenham, Bishop
of Lincoln, and which Julian, daughter of Sir Robert, wife of John
Avenel, yet living, held, and which after the death of the said Julian,
was to revert to the said Robert and Julian his wife, and their heirs,
extended at 100s. per ann. here being 70s. rent per ann. a windmill,
issues of pleas, and profits of courts, profits of a fair held on the feast
of the exaltation of the Holy Cross, with the advowsons; and in the
15th of that King, John Burton, clerk, had a grant of these manors,
together with Philip de Tilney, William de Castleacre, Nicholas de
Styvecle, Knights, and many others, dated March 30.
Julian aforesaid, on the death of Robert Avenel, remarried Nicholas Kymbell, Esq. of Bedfordshire; but it appears that she had by
Avenel, a daughter and heir, Alice, who married John Fastolf of
Fishley, in Norfolk, Esq. by whom she had also a daughter and heir,
Alice, who married Edmund Wychingham of Fishley and Upton, Esq.
2d son of Nicholas de Wychingham, 2d son of William de Wychingham
and Margaret his wife: this Edmund left, by the said Alice, 4
daughters and coheirs; Elizabeth, married to William Berdwell, Esq.
of West Herling; Frances, to Sir William Nevill of Burscombe in
Gloucestershire; Amy, to Richard Southwell of Wood Rising; and
Joan to Sir Richard Longstrother, and after to Robert Boys.
In the 3d of Henry IV. Nicholas Kymbell and Julian his wife held
a quarter of a fee in Salthouse and Kelling, of the Earl of March. In
the 5th of Henry V. they, by deed, dated on Friday after the feast of
St. John Baptist, demise to certain feoffees, the said manors and advowsons, with wreck at sea, &c. Kymbell sealing with a bell; and in
the year preceding, it appears they had an annuity of 100s. payable
out of them, and in the 2d year of Henry V. conveyed to Thomas
Walsingham, &c. the advowson of the church of Salthouse.
At this time these 2 lordships were in the hands of feoffees. John
Wodehouse, Edmund Oldhall, Esq. &c. confirm by deed, dated at
Salthouse, on Monday next after the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, in
the 4th of Henry V. to Sir Ric. Whitington, Sir Thos. Fauconer, William
Waldern, citizens and aldermen of London, the said manors in trust;
Woodhouse sealed as the family at this day, and Oldhall with a lion's
head erased, and Whitington, &c. confirmed it in the following year,
to Nicholas Wychingham, &c. In the 28th of Henry VI. Edmund
Wichingham confirmed his manor here to Sir Henry Inglos, &c. and
Sir Henry grants his lordship by will in 1451, to the Lady Ilketeshale
In the 28th of Henry VI. William Calthorp, Esq. Nicholas Appleyard, &c. feoffees, confirmed to Edmund Wychingham and Alice his
wife, these manors, view of frank pledge, wreck at sea, a mercate,
warren, gallows, &c. and in the 12th of Edward IV. an exemplification under the great seal was made on May 10, (at the request of
Edmund Wychingham and Alice his wife, William Berdwell, junior,
Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, lords of these manors) of 2 charters made
to Sir John Avenel, one of free warren, dated July 20, at Calais, in
the 21st of Edward III. the other of a mercate weekly, on Tuesday, at
Kelling, and a fair on the eve and the feast of the exaltation of the
By an indenture, bearing date September 8, in the 13th of Henry
VII. an exchange was made of the manor of Wychingham (as then
called) between Sir Henry Heydon and William Berdwell, Esq. for
that of Drayton Hall in Scarning, and Dillington; and whereas that
of Wychingham in Salthouse and Kelling, was 30s. per ann. superiour
to that of Drayton, Sir Henry agrees to pay an annual rent of 30s. to
Berdwell; and in the 24th of Henry VIII. John Wooton of North
Tudenham, Esq. and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and heir of Robert
Berdwell, Esq. confirmed the said exchange to Sir Henry Heydon.
It appears that great disputes arose notwithstanding this settlement:
Sir Edward Belknap, Knt. cousin and heir to Sir Robert, who was attainted, (being restored in blood and possessions, as heir to him, in the
parliament holden on February 1, in the 6th of Henry VIII.) claimed
right and title to these manors, and to those of West Wickham, Keston,
Baston, and Southcourt in Kent, and John Heydon was obliged to
purchase Salthouse and Kelling, of Sir Edmund, on June 13, in the
7th of Henry VIII.
From the Heydons it came to Thomas Croft, Esq. of Sheringham,
who in the 35th of Elizabeth, mortgaged this manor called Bardwell's,
in Salthouse and Kelling, with the manor of Ilketeshale in Kelling, to
Thomas Thetford, Esq. with all the rents, services, foldcourses, &c.
clear of all incumbrance done by him, Sir William Heydon, or Sir
Christopher, father of Sir William.
In 1714, John Leng, Esq. was lord, and presented; and in 1745,
John Leng, Esq.
The son of the Reverend Mr. Girdleston, a minor, is now lord and
The tenths were 8l. Deducted 1l. 18s. 8d.
The Church of Salthouse is a rectory, dedicated to St. Nicholas,
and was valued at 40 marks. Peter-pence 9d.
The priory of Westacre had a portion of tithe valued at 6s. 8d. per
The present church was built by Sir Henry Heydon in the beginning
of the reign of Henry VII.
The present valor is 20l.
Robert de Salthouse occurs rector in 1266.
Symon de Bodham, rector.
1322, John de Oxenden instituted rector, presented by Sir Walter de
1327, Mr. Robert Inge. Ditto.
1337, William de Rythere. Ditto.
John de Rose.
1360, Mr. John Blaunchard, by Sir Warine de Bassingborn, and
Mary his wife.
1361, Henry Attewell, by John, son and heir of Sir John de Avenel,
1370, Robert Archer, by Nich. de Stivekele.
1397, John Clerk, by the King.
1398, John Playford, by the King.
1409, John Wychingham, by Nicholas Kymbell.
1416, Nicholas Kent, by John Cornwalleys, and John Torell, Esq.
1417, Henry Bamme, by Thomas Walsingham, &c.
1420, William Kyrre. Ditto.
1421, Edmund le Ker. Ditto.
1443, Robert Colyn, by Thomas Walsingham, Esq.
1458, William Brewster. Ditto.
1476, William Rougham, by John Heydon, Esq.
1495, William Herwer, by Sir Henry Heydon.
1500, Robert Sawyer. Ditto.
1559, Greg. Madys, by Sir Christopher Heydon.
1560, Christopher Nuttall. Ditto.
1589, Steph. Gervys, by Sir William Heydon.
1592, Robert Hetherington, A.M. Ditto.
Thomas Dawney compounded for first fruits, as rector, in June 1613,
presented by the Lady Sydney,
Edmund Dawney compounded in 1643.
Charles Worsley died rector 1682.
Thomas Bainbrigg, rector on his death.
1714, Thomas Turner, by John Lang, Gent.
1745, John Beales, presented by John Leng, Esq.