Ralph Bainard Lord Bainard, who came, on the invasion, with
William Duke of Normandy into England, had a grant of this lordship on the deprivation of Toret, (and Einbold held it at the survey
under Ralph,) containing 2 villains, 19 borderers, 4 servi, 2 carucates
in demean, one and a half among the tenants, paunage for 16 swine,
12 acres of meadow, a mill, 2 runci, 4 cows, &c. there were also in
Toret's time, 200 sheep, always valued at 40s. It was 9 furlongs long
and 8 broad, paid 2d. gelt. Thirteen freemen, with the moiety of
another, held in soccage, under Toret, 99 acres, and there were 4
carucates and a half among the tenants, with 5 acres of meadow, valued at 10s. which the Lord Bainard claimed by exchange. (fn. 1)
Toret is also called Torn, and was a thane, or nobleman, of King
The family of Edisfeld, or Edgefield, was soon after the conquest
enfeoffed of this lordship.
William de Edisfeld was living in the reign of Henry II. and Peter
in that of Richard I.
Peter de Edisfeld, by Hawise his wife, had a daughter and heir,
Lecia, or Lœtitia, who marrying Sir William de Rosceline, was lord in
her right. To this Lecia, William, son of — de Plumstede,
granted lands for 5 marks of silver, by deed, sans date, (about the
40th of Henry III.) but if she died s.p. they were to go to William,
(chaplain of Lecia,) his brother, and Alice his sister, and the longest
liver of them, &c. witnesses, Sir Rog. de Hales, Sir Jn. de Lodnes,
Will. de Wyssenford, &c.
William, son of Rosceline, was living in the 3d of King John, and
then gave an account for the profits of half the 12th year of that King,
for Robert Fitz-Roger, sheriff of Norfolk, and gave an account of an
100l. in the 3d of Henry III. to have the King's grace and favour,
with the lands of his brother Roger; the Roscelines held it of the Lords
Fitz-Walter, on the death of Sir Thomas Rosceline, who died s. p.
About the 15th of Edward III. it came to his 6 sisters and coheirs;
Joan, the 4th sister and coheir, married John Lord Willoughby of
Eresby, to whom all the other sisters conveying their rights, he was
lord of this manor.
William Lord Willoughby, married to his 2d wife, Joan, daughter
of Thomas Holland Earl of Kent, who died possessed of it in the 12th
of Henry VI. then styled duchess dowager of York, and relict of Sir
It was sold by William Lord Willoughby, in the reign of Henry
VII. and Sir Robert Drury sold it by fine to Sir Robert Southwell, in
the 19th of that King.
In 1521, Walter Hubberd, Esq. presented to this church; and in
the 20th of King Henry VIII. being then a knight, son and heir of
Sir James Hobart, settled this lordship and advowson of the church,
with the manors of Oulton, Horninger, Backton, Rushes, Jenney's, and
Gissingham, Capel, &c. in Suffolk, on Henry Hobart, Esq. his son
and heir, which Henry was lord in 1550, and presented to this church.
James Hobart, Esq. son and heir of Henry, presented in 1581, and
Sir Henry Hobart in 1611.
Anthony Hobart, Esq. conveyed it in 1634, in fee, to James his
son and heir, who sold it in the 12th of Charles I. to Henry Humbarston, Gent. son of William Humberstone by Joan, daughter of John
Smith of Lanham in Suffolk, son of John Humberstone of Lodne.
The said Henry married first, Anne, daughter of Gyles Bladwell of
Thirlow Magna in Suffolk; and secondly, Mary, daughter, of Henry
Yaxley of Beauthorp, and by his first wife, had William Humberstone,
Esq. of Hales Hall in Lodne, who married Mildred, daughter of
Charles Waldgrave, Esq. of Staningfeld; he sold this estate.
Sir Nevill Catlyn was lord in 1670, and presented to this church,
as did Lady Mary Catlyne, in 1702.
In 1742, Sir Charles Turner was lord and patron.
Ralph Lord Bainard had also a gant of another lordship in this
town, of which Leuric, a freeman, who held it under the commendation of Herold, in the Confessor's time, was deprived.
It was held by Jeffrey under the Lord Baynard, at the grand survey,
with 2 carucates of land, 4 villains, 6 borderers, one servus, &c. 2 carucates in demean, &c. among the tenants, &c. 12 acres of meadow,
a mill, 2 cows, &c. with a church endowed with 50 acres, and one of
meadow, valued at 12 oras; 6 socmen, and a moiety of one, had 23
acres; and there was a freeman under Lefric's protection, with 17
socmen and a moiety, with one carucate, &c. and half a carucate, and
half an acre of meadow, valued at 30s. at the survey at 40s. (fn. 2) This
came by an exchange.
Robert, son of Corbun, claimed this land, and had livery, but Bainard was first seized of it, and Robert afterwards; but the hundred
knew not by what means. The soc belonged to the hundred.
Jeffrey, who held this lordship at the survey, was a near relation
to Ralph Lord Bainard.
Juga, widow of Ralph, held it in capite, and was foundress of the
famous priory of Dunmow in Essex.
Her son, Jeffrey, succeeded, and William his son and heir, taking
part with Elias Earl of Maine in France, and other conspirators
against King Henry I. was deprived of his barony of Bainard castle
in London, which was granted to Robert, a younger son of Richard
Fitz Gilbert, whose son, Walter Fitz Robert, married Maud, eldest
daughter and coheir of Sir Richard de Lucy, chief justice of England,
and was father of Robert Fitz-Walter; lord of Bainard's castle, of
whom this lordship was held, by a younger branch of the Bainards,
descended from Jeffrey abovementioned.
Thomas, son of Robert Bainard, held it of Walter Fitz-Robert, in
the reign of Richard.
In the 52d of Henry III. Sir Robert Baynard, Cassandra his wife,
and Robert his son, confirmed lands granted to the abbey of Langley.
Sir Robert Baynard was living in the 13th of Edward I. and in the
31st of that King, Robert Baynard and Felicia his wife, were querents
in a fine, Robert de Bosevill deforcient, of 90 messuages, 2 mills, 400
acres of land, 8 of meadow, 24 of wood, 6 of marsh, 10 of alder, who
as a trustee, settled them on Robert and Felicia in tail. In the following year a fine was levied between Joan, widow of Robert Baynard,
and Robert Baynard and Maud his wife.
In the 4th year of Edward III. it was found that Robert Baynard,
here, in Whetacre, &c. had 4 fees of the barony of Baynard, with
Maud his wife, that the capital messuage here, after repairs, was
There were 120 acres of arable land, valued at 60s. per ann. 4 acres
of meadow at 4s. a watermill at 6s. 8d. and a windmill at 10s. rents
of assise, 4s. at Easter and St. Michaelmas; copyholders works, 29s. 4d.
and that Thomas was his son and heir, aged 26, who in the 10th of the
said King, sold by fine to Sir Thomas Roscelyn this lordship, &c. part
of which Maud, widow of Sir Robert Baynard, held for life; but in the
46th of said King Edward, Sir Edmund de Thorp and Joan his wife,
sister and heir of Thomas Barnard, brought their action against John
Lord Willoughby, for the aforesaid manor, sold by her brother, as being
intailed, but to no effect, so that it remained in the family of Willoughby, and being united to their manor beforementioned, passed with that,
as may be there seen.
Also a family that assumed their name from this town, had an
interest herein; Agnes daughter of Philip de Shategrave, held one fee
with Robert or Ralph Bainard, of Walter Fitz Robert, in the reign of
King Richard I. and Robert de Chategrave and Emme his wife were
living in the 6th of Edward I.
William Gerburgh, sen. in the 52d of Henry III. purchased of
Agnes de Bugeham, by fine, a messuage, and 60 acres of land, 6 of
marsh, and 40s. rent here, in Langley, and Lodne; and William his
son, and Sibill, his wife, were living in the 16th of Edward I. and in
the 23d of that King conveyed lands in this town, &c. to Robert, son
of Robert Baynard and Felicia his wife.
The tenths were 2l. 0s. 1d.—Deducted 16s.
The temporalities of St. Bennet of Holm 4s. 2d.
Prior of Buttley's Manor.
In the 20th of Henry III. William de Aubervile granted by fine to
Adam, prior of Buttele, the 3d part of the advowson of this church,
and of Somerton, and Upton in Norfolk; of Wantesden, Capele, Benhale, Baudsey, and Finburgh, with the moiety of the church of
Glemham Parva, and 3 parts of 2 carucates of land in Somerton, and
2 in Buttele. (fn. 3)
The Lady Cassandra Baynard gave by fine to Walter, prior of
Buttley St. Mary in Suffolk, a messuage, with 12 acres of land, and
the advowson of this church, in the 56th of Henry III.
Sir Walter Hobart died lord of this, with Lilleford's lands or manor,
Baynard's, &c. as lord of the whole town.
The abbot of Langley had lands here: Robert de Raveningham
conveyed by fine, to William, abbot of Langley, in the 6th of Ed I.
lands here, and Robert Baynard, in the 10th of that King, bought
lands in this town, &c. of Robert, son of Thomas de Raveningham,
and Robert Baynard in the 12th of Edward II. gave to that abbey
100 acres of land, with 5s. rent in Chatgrave.
Sir Walter Hobart died possessed of it, of which family see in Hales,
and after them Sir Nevil Catlyn.
The Church was a rectory dedicated to All-Saints, and being
granted by the Lady Cassandra Bainard to the priory of Buttley was
appropriated thereto; and in the reign of Edward I. the prior had a
manse and a carucate of land; it was valued at 10 marks, and there
was a vicarage valued at 40s. Peter-pence 10d. carvage 7d. the prior
of Norwich had a portion of tithe both great and small, being out of
two parts of the demeans of Robert, son of Thomas Bainard, and of
the demeans of Phil. de Chategrave, confirmed by John de Grey, and
Thomas de Blomvile Bishops of Norwich, valued at two marks; (fn. 4) and
by a composition after made, it was let to the prior of Buttley at 6
marks per ann. and belonged to the Almoner, the vicar also had a
pension of 40s. per ann. paid by the prior of Buttley.
1304, Robert Rykinghale, instituted vicar, presented by the prior
1326, Thomas de Totyngton. Ditto.
1341, Matt. de Readham. Ditto.
1350, Richard de Dysse. Ditto.
1352, Edward Torald. Ditto.
Robert Hert, vicar.
1359, Wiiliam Coupere. Ditto.
John Selestre, vicar.
1401, Richard Talyour. Ditto.
1409, William Gerald. Ditto.
1410, John Clere.
On June 22, 1420, John Bishop of Norwich, on account of the
poverty of this vicarage dissolved it, with the appropriation, and it
became a rectory in the patronage of the prior of Buttley, and paid to
a whole tenth of the King 13s. 4d. and for Norwich portion 3s. 4d.
John Chykering, rector.
1422, John Stercroft, by the prior.
1453, David Henchenesson, by the Bishop, a lapse.
1455, John Reydon, a canon Premonst. by the Bishop.
1465, Robert Bury
1479, Thomas Twylyt, by James Hobert, Gent.
1513, John, abbot of Langley, by the Bishop's, vicar-general.
1521, William Tant, by William Hubberd, Esq.
1530, Nicholas Hert. Ditto.
1533, John Peyntour. Ditto.
1550, William Colling, by Henry Hubberd of Lodne, Esq.
1558, Thomas Lupton. Ditto.
1581, Henry Westcoe, by James Hubbard, Esq.
1611, William Read, by Sir Henry Hubbard, Esq.
1641, Silvester Child.
1670, William Fuller, by Sir Nevill, Catlyn.
1702, John Baron, by the Lady Mary Catlyne, widow.
Abraham Baker, resigned in 1718, and Samuel Conold, by Sir
John Fayerham, in 1759, by Sir William Beauchamp Proctor,
In the chancel, a gravestone,
In memory of Silvester Child, rector of Chetgrave, who died January
Hic deponitur Jana, pia et charissima conjux Henrici Webster de
Chedgrave, in comit. Norff. Generosi, quæ fato cessit Janu. 21, 1694.
The steeple stands at the north-east end of the chancel, and there is
The town takes its name form Chat, or Ket, the name of a river,
thus Chatesworth in Derbyshire; Chatteress in Cambridgeshire, &c.