Lies north of Docking, and east of Ringsted, and was formerly a
little village, held at the survey by William de Scohies, lord of Ringsted Parva, and of Bircham Magna, of which townships it seems to
have been then a part or member, and so does not occur in the book
From Scohies it was purchased in the time of Henry I. by Walter
Giffard Earl of Buckingham; whose son Walter dying sans issue,
Richard de Clare Earl of Hertford was his heir; descended from
Rohesia his sister, wife of Richard Fitz Gilbert. But an inquisition
in the time of Henry I. says it was the lordship of John, son of Waleran, from whom it came to Giffard, &c. as in Ringsted Parva.
The most considerable part of this township was given, by Walter
Giffard, the Earl of that name, to the hospital of Burton Lazars in
Leicestershire, who had this lordship in the reign of Edward I. and
their temporalities were valued in 1428 at 11l. 4s. 11d.
Richard, præceptor of Chasel, occurs in 1378.
At the general dissolution of abbies, &c. King Henry VIII. on the
4th of May, in his 36th year, granted to Sir John Dudley Viscount
Lisle, this manor, with all its rights, members and appertenances belonging to the hospital of Burton St. Lazarus, to be held in capite
by knight's service, paying 9s. 4d. per ann. and on the 14th of March,
in the 37th of the said King, John Lord Lisle conveyed it to Dame
Joan Leigh of Hoggeston in Middlesex, widow, late wife of Sir Thomas Leigh; remainder to Katherine her daughter and sole heir of Sir
Thomas, who being afterwards married to James Blount, Lord Mountjoy, they both, by deed dated August 14, in the 3d of Elizabeth, sell
it for 130l. to Sir Nicholas L'Estrange and his heirs, with all its
privileges, courts, letes, &c. and Sir Nicholas L'Estrange, and Hamon
L'Estrange of Hunstanton, his son and heir, sell it April 23, in the
27th of the said Queen, to Thomas Reade of Ringstead, and Robert
Reade, Gent. son of Thomas died lord August 26, in the 37th of Elizabeth, as appears by an inquisition taken at Norwich castle, October
23d, in the said year; and left by Mary his wife. Bridget his daughter and heir, who in the 10th of James I. with Valentine Upton of
North Holme in Lincolnshire, Esq. sold their third part of the manor
to William Reade of Chosell, brother of Robert, by fine, for 600l.
and William settled it by deed January 1, in the 19th of James I. on
himself for life; remainder to John his brother; remainder on William, son of John, in fee; which William Reade of Thornham, Gent.
was lord in the 18th of Charles I. and his son William Reade, of
Holkham in Norfolk, Gent. with Frances his wife, daughter of John
Watts of Burnham Ulpe, Gent. sold this manor, rectory, and portion
of tithes, to Edward Pepys, Esq. in 1656, of Brunsthorp, who by Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of John Walpole of Bromesthorpe, Esq.
had Anne his daughter and heir, who dying without issue, Jane,
daughter of John Pepys of South Creke, sister of the said Edward,
having several sons and daughters by John Turner of —
in Yorkshire, was his heir; and Theophila, one of the said daughters,
brought it by marriage to Sir Arthur Harris of Stowford in Devonshire, Bart. lord here in 1698.
After this it was purchased by the Earl of Orford, and so remained
in that family in 1763.
The hospital of Burton had a præceptor here, to look after this,
and their estate at Briston, Ryburgh Parva, Bryningham, &c. valued
in King Edward the First's reign at 13l. 18s. 2d.
In the 9th of Edward II. Robert de Dalby appears to have also a
lordship in this village, and in the 11th of that King, Ralph Cosyn of
Chosley granted lands to Thomas Davy, as did Hugh de Southstede of
Docking to Thomas Chosell of Beston, in Edward the Third's reign,
and Richard, son and heir of Thomas Davy of Chosele, enfeoffed Nicholas Wylly, of Dockyng, &c. in his lands, rents, and foldcourses in
Chosel and Tichwell, in the 21st of Richard II. and in the following
year, Catherine late wife of Richard, son and heir of Thomas Chosyll,
released to Nicholas Wylly, &c. all her lands, and of her late husband
in this town, Titchewell, and Docking, to which Sir Ralph Lovell of
Tichwell, Knt. Henry Nottingham of Holme, &c. were witnesses; the
Chosells had considerable interest here, in the 5th of Edward III.
Peter, son of Peter de Chosle, &c. convey to Robert de Holewell, 2
messuages, 240 acres of land, and 3s. rent here.
John Willy of Lynn-Bishop's son and heir of John Willy of Chosyll,
and Margaret his wife, sold to Sir Thomas Lovell, Knight of the Garter,
and treasurer of the King's household, May 1, in the 5th of Henry
VIII. this manor, with 543 acres of land, and two foldages by fine;
who by his will in 1522, bequeathed it to his cousin Sir Francis Lovell
of East-Herling; and in the 16th of Elizabeth, August 10, Sir Thomas Lovell sold Chosel manor in Docking, (as it is then called) to
Thomas Read, and so came to Robert Read, Gent. lord of the manor
of Burton Lazars in this village, and passed with that (as is above
observed) to the Lady Theophila Harris, &c.
Here is now only a farm standing in a champaign country.
The tenths were 1l. 16s. per ann.
In Windham is a manor called at this time Chosells.
Here was in ancient days a church belonging to this village: I
find it mentioned in the 52d of Henry III. and was appropriated to
the priory of Nutley in Buckinghamshire, by the founder Walter
Gifford Earl of that county, with 40 acres of glebe land, and was valued at 8 marks, and paid Peter-pence 6d.
The church has been in ruins many years.