Miscellaneous 1570


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Arthur John Butler and Sophie Crawford Lomas (editors)

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'Addenda: Miscellaneous 1570', Calendar of State Papers Foreign, Elizabeth, Volume 17: January-June 1583 and addenda (1913), pp. 707-708. URL: Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Miscellaneous 1570

[1570.]750. Capitulations between the Muscovite and the Grand Duke of Livonia.
Statements made by Frederic Gross in his confession.
1. That the Prince of the Mosci, at the entreaty of Duke Magnus, sent him a diploma of perpetual grant, in which it is contained that the said Prince will refrain his wrath (iram suam avertat) from Riga, Reval and other places and cities in Livonia, and grants them to Duke Magnus to hold and possess in perpetual hereditary right; bidding him to come as soon as may be to do homage for the same.
2. The Prince also promises so to endow him with the lands in Livonia now reduced into his power, as that Magnus may joyfully experience his benignity and liberality, and publish it at the Court of his brother the King of Denmark and of other transmarine princes.
3. Duke Magnus, in return for such liberal grace, will faithfully serve against the enemies of the Duke of the Mosci, and if that Prince makes any expedition in his own person, and shall summon Duke Magnus, the said Duke shall be bound to furnish him with 1,500 horsemen and as many foot soldiers.
If, however, the Prince shall not take part in the expedition, neither shall the Duke be bound to do so, but if the Prince shall be present the Duke's army shall be paid from the Prince's treasury.
Magnus, however, shall lead his forces himself, and shall be honoured above all the Palatines and nobility of the Mosci.
But if he do not join the expedition with his men, he shall contribute to the Mosci treasury three thalers for every horseman and one and a half thaler for every footman. Yet if the Prince is not himself in the expedition, Duke Magnus shall send neither troops nor money, until peace is entirely restored in the lands and lordships of Livonia.
4. In the event of Duke Magnus waging war in Livonia, and Prince Magnus [sic] sending his Palatines with the army, Magnus shall be head of the army, but the Palatines shall confer with him in his castle on affairs.
5. For the rest he concedes for ever to Magnus and his heirs and to all the inhabitants of Livonia all ancient privileges, liberties, &c. that have been in Livonia from time immemorial.
6. And conserves to them all freedom to use the religion of the Augsburg confession, subject to appeal to the Prince of the Mosci.
7. The corporations of Livonia shall carry on their trade throughout the land of the Mosci without tolls, exactions or any other impediment, and, on the other hand, Magnus shall permit all those from beyond seas, with their merchandise, and all workmen, artificers and men of war, to have free passage into Muscovy.
8. If the cities of Livonia, Riga, Reval and others, should not acknowledge the rule of Magnus, or should in any way oppose him, the Muscovian shall go with Magnus with his whole strength and power against the said cities and all his enemies.
9. When Magnus shall do his homage in Muscovy the Prince shall confirm all these things to him under his gold seal.
10. If Magnus and his heirs become extinct, his successor shall be chosen by common suffrage in Livonia.
Underwritten.—Notes of matters contained in his second confession.
Endd. with above heading. Latin. 4 pp. [S. P. For. Eliz. CXLVI. 9.]
[These articles are calendared under the date of 1570, as it was in this year that Livonia was granted to Duke Magnus; but the date of the confession was perhaps considerably later.]