V. The Achilles
Letters - 1761

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Navy Record Society

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Author

D. Bonner-Smith (editor)

Year published

1937

Pages

295-323

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'V. The Achilles: Letters - 1761', The Barrington Papers, volume 1: Publications of the Navy Records Society, vol. 77 (1937), pp. 295-323. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=79645 Date accessed: 16 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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Letters - 1761

By the Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain and Ireland, &c.

You are hereby required and directed to put yourself under the command of George Pocock, Esq., Admiral of the Blue, and follow his Orders for your further proceedings. (fn. 1)

Given under our hands 13 February 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington, Achilles.Anson. G. Hay. H. Stanley.

By command of their Lordships, J. Clevland.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of H.M. Ships to be employed on a Particular Service.

You are hereby required and directed to receive on board H.M. Ship under your command Brigadier-General Lambert with his Retinue, Servants & Baggage, and victual him, his Retinue & Servants in the same manner as your Ship's Company during their continuance on board. For which this shall be your Order.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant at Spithead the 25 of March 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Line of Battle (fn. 2)

The Torbay and Temeraireto lead on thestarboardtack
larboard
Frigates.Rates.Ships.Commanders.Guns.Men.Division.
Infernal3TorbayCapt. Brett74650Sir Thomas Stanhope
3Essex" Schomberg64
Launceston3SwiftsureSir Thos. Stanhope70520
Alderney4AchillesHon. Sam (fn. 2) . Barrington60
3Hampton CourtCapt. Scrope64Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in-Chief
Southampton vesuvius3Valiant KeppelHon. Augustus Keppel74665
AetnaCapt. Duncan
Seaford3SperbeCapt. Rowley74650
Flamborough4Prince of orange" Wallis601
Firedrake3DragonHon. Augustus Hervey74650Hon. Augustus Hervery
Furnace2SandwichCapt. Norbury90750
Escorte3Temeraire" Barton74650

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant, Spithead, the 26th March 1671.

To the Hon. Capt. Saml. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Memo. If Captain Hervey should not be able to proceed in the Dragon, Captain Barton will command the Third Division, and the Dragon and Temeraire change places in the line of Battle.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships to be employed on a Particular Service.

You are hereby required and directed to follow all such orders and directions as you shall receive from Sir Thomas Stanhope, Commander of His Majesty's Ship Swiftsure, during the time you are in his Division; for which this shall be your order. (fn. 3)

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant at Spithead 26 March 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Signals to be made by the Ships of the Squadron under the command of the Hon. Augustus Keppel, at joining after separation.

By Day
The Ship that first makes the Signal shall hoist a Dutch Pendant at the Maintopgallant mast head, and an English Pendant at the Foretopgallant mast head, to be answered by an English Pendant at the same place, and a French Pendant at the Mizentopmast head.

By Night
The Ship that first makes the Signal shall hoist two Lights of equal height in the Mizen Shrouds and four Lights of equal height in the fore Shrouds. To be answered by three Lights one above another in the fore Shrouds, and one Light in the main Shrouds. Then the Ship that made the first Signal, shall burn three false fires; and the other shall reply by burning two false fires.

If within hail, he who hails first shall ask What Ship's that? And he who is hailed shall answer The King. The other who hailed first shall reply Unanimity. Then he who first hailed shall answer His Glory.

In case of any Transports or Tenders parting company, they are to make themselves known at joining again, by hoisting their Navy Jack at the Maintopgallant mast head, to be answered by firing two Guns without shewing any Colours.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant at Spithead March 26, 1761.
A. Keppel.

Valiant at sea 31 March 1761.

The Captains of His Majesty's Ships undermentioned are to hold the number of Marines as follows in constant readiness for landing; and to direct the Captains of Marines to see their Men properly accoutered and fit for service. And as their Cartouch Boxes do not contain sufficient ammunition, they are to be provided with Canvas Pouches.

When the Marines are ordered to land, they are to take with them three days bread and cheese.

Officers.Serjeants.Drums.Rank & File.Total.
Sandwich4428090
Valiant4327079
Dragon4428090
Superbe4428090
Torbay4428090
Temeraire4427080
Essex3216066
Swiftsure3326068
Prince of Orange2215055
Achilles2215055
To the Hon. Captain Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

Valiant at sea 1 April 1761.

For the better direction of the Transports, in sailing, the Ships of War are directed to wear their Pendants except when they are in chace.

When any of the Transports are out of their Stations prescribed by the Order of Sailing, the Ship of War next to them is immediately to order them to their Stations.

Valiant at sea 2 April 1761.

It is the Commodore's directions that all the Ships of the Squadron that may speak with any Neutral Ships or Vessels, bound to the Bay, to order them into the Fleet, and to direct the Master to keep near the Ship of the Commander in Chief, and not to offer to leave the Fleet till further Orders.

And the Ships of War are to be careful that none of the above mentioned Vessels that may be in the Fleet, leave it, without their having obtained leave from the Commander in Chief.

Flat bottomed Boats to be commanded by Commodore Barton, assisted by Captains Rowley, Chads and Pascal.

Blue Division15 Boats.Captain Pascal.Red Division.14 Boats.Captain Rowley.white Division.15 Boats.Captain Chads.
By what ships mannedN°. of the Boat.By what Ships manned.N°. of the Boat.By what Ships manned.N°. of Boat.
Temeraire 1030with three LieutenantsSuperbe 1342with three LieutenantsValiant1311with three Lieutenants
494211
214032
143644
5056
311841
25715
10817
244816
1192833
Achilles29263
Torbay 2461338
91927
Essex 220Sandwich1222
39Adventure Transport23
Duke of Cumberland Long BoatLong BoatVesuvius22with I Lieut.
Exchangedo.Aetna23with I Lieut.
Rachaeldo.
Britanniado.Amity's Friendship Long boat
Hopewelldo.
(4th)Ann Marydo.

The Boats of the different Divisions to be distinguished by a Vane the Colour of the Division they belong to, fixed on a light Staff on the Quarter of the Boat.

Flat bottomed Boats manned by the Achilles

No Marked on the Boat.Transports Names the Boats are on board of.Distinguishing Vanes.Transports names the Troops are to be taken out of.Distinguishing Vanes.No of Troops, Rank &File.Of what Corps.
ColourPlace where.ColourPlace where
29Her Own BoatDuke of Cumberland Felicity (1)BlueMizen23Morgan's
Topmast head39

General Disposition of the Squadron of His Majesty's Ships and a body of Transports under the command of the Hon. Augustus Keppel for an attack on the Lines and Batteries of Belle Isle, and for forcing a landing on the said Island.

Commodore Sir Thomas Stanhope, commanding the white Division (distinguished by wearing a white Broad Pendant), is with the Swiftsure, Achilles, Torbay, Essex, Southampton and Infernal Bomb, to anchor as near as he conveniently can, out of Cannon Shot, to the land between the Citadel of Palais and Point Perriere, to be the better able when it is judged convenient to attack the Lines and Batteries between these two Places. It is intended the Torbay should lead the Ships to the faced Lines and Batteries to the S.E. of the Citadel of Palais; the exact Works proposed to be attacked will be further explained before the Ships proceed. The Swiftsure is to follow the Torbay, the Achilles and Essex next, the Southampton and Infernal Bomb are to attend this Division and to be assistant as much as possible towards silencing the Enemy's Batteries, or to be placed as Sir Thomas Stanhope or the Senior Officer upon this service shall think expedient.

It is proposed that the Battalions of Beauclerks, Crawfords, Morgans and Erskines, with the Grenadiers of Whitmores, Panmures, Erskines 5th Battn Ruffanes, Colevill's and Loudons should compose the Reserve of the Army, and to be the first employed in forcing a Landing upon the Coast. The Transports therefore having the above Troops on board, are to anchor near Commodore Barton (distinguished by wearing a broad blue Pendant) to be the more convenient for assembling together and embarking in the Flat bottomed Boats.

The direction of the Boats and landing to be under the command of Commodore Barton, assisted by Captains Rowley, Chads and Pascal.

The Valiant will be anchored so as to be able, if possible, to observe the whole. The Temeraire and Superbe are to anchor near Point Lomaria if the wind does not blow too hard upon the land (in which case the particular place will be pointed out to them when upon the spot), in order to succour all the Transports from insults, and assisting the Descent with everything that is wanted.

The Dragon, Prince of Orange, Sandwich, Adventure, Aquillon, Furnace and Firedrake, are to be placed to cover the landing and silence such Batteries as the Enemy may have to oppose the Descent, and are for that purpose to anchor with the Temeraire and Blue Division of Transports only nearer the shore. For the readier getting under sail, the Captains of these Ships will on the spot receive further directions.

The other Transports are to anchor between the Dragon and Temeraire except those having on board the Battalion of Grays and Stuarts, who are after they have had their flat bottomed Boats taken away from them, to anchor off Cape Taillefer with the Hampton Court. But should she not join the Squadron, the Lynn is to take her Station. The Fly Sloop and Mortar Bomb are to keep under sail near the spot at all convenient opportunities and the Captains of these Vessels are to be very attentive to prevent the Enemy from getting succours from the Island.

The Aldborough and a Cutter to be ready to cruize at the other extremity of the Island for the same purpose.

The Ships opposed to Batteries, in case they drive the Enemy from them so that a Landing may be effected, are to acquaint the Commander in Chief of it, by the Signal for that purpose, as directed in a former Order.

The more it is possible to cross flank the Enemy's Lines and Batteries, the more likely to force them to abandon them.

It is particularly recommended to the Captains not to suffer a Gun to be fired from their Ships before they are properly anchored; and if it should be thought necessary to continue the fire after the Troops have effected the Landing, great care must be taken to fire so as to succour and not annoy our own Troops.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant at sea 3rd April 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

(P.R.O., Ad. I, 91) Commodore the Hon. Augustus Keppel to the Secretary of the Admiralty

[Extract.]

Valiant, in the Great Road of Belle Isle, the 13th April 1761.

Sir,
I must beg that you will please to acquaint their Lordships that I arrived here the 7th instant with His Majesty's Ships and Transports under my command, in compliance with the King's Instructions to me to proceed to the Great Road of Belle Isle and endeavour to land the Troops on that Island. The whole Fleet anchored in the Road about 12 o'clock, when I immediately went with General Hodgson to the northern part of the Island, to be as well informed of the strength of the Enemy's Works there as the time would admit; and while we were upon this necessary service, the Ships of War in the Road were preparing the Flat Boats for the reception of the Troops; but by the time we got back it was too late in the day to make any trial.

The 8th, the wind north-easterly, the Boats being ready for the reception of the Troops, the Signal was made very early in the morning for them to assemble at the rendezvous, and I directed the Achilles, Prince of Orange and Dragon, with the Firedrake and Furnace Bombs and Escorte Frigate, to proceed round the Point of Lomaria at the S.E. part of the Island, and attack the Fort and other Works, in the Sandy Bay round the before-mentioned Point, the place the General and myself, as we stood in yesterday, had agreed upon to have attacked. Captain Barrington in the Achilles got placed first, and soon silenced the fire from the Fort and from the shore; and then as he was directed, made the Signal of his having done so; when the Troops in the Boats were pushed to the Landing with great briskness and spirited behaviour, at three different places near each other, by Captain Barton, who I ordered to command the Boats; but the difficulty of getting footing, and the Enemy strongly entrenched on the Heights and in the little Fort, the Troops soon met such a repulse that it became necessary, as well as prudent, to desist from the attempt for the present and retire with the Flat Boats, in which they were well covered by the Ships and Bombs. One of the Flat Boats landed sixty of Erskines Grenadiers, who got up a very difficult place to the top of the Hills where they formed with great skill, but were so immediately routed by a much more numerous body of the Enemy, that all attempt to succour them was ineffectual, any further than the Boats bringing from the Rocks about twenty of them.

While all this was transacting, Sir Thomas Stanhope in the Swiftsure, with the Torbay, Essex and Lynn and the Battalions of Greys and Stuarts and five hundred Marines in Transports, were opposite Sauzon at the northern part of the Island; these Troops were embarked in the Boats, if possible to divert the Enemy from the principal object.

Valiant, 17 April 1761.

The flat bottomed Boats to be provided with a Grapling and a long Rope.

When the Signal is made to hoist out the Flat bottomed Boats, they are to repair to the Ships they are to take Troops from, and wait there till they receive further Directions, notwithstanding the Order of the 31st March relative to landing the Troops.
A. Keppel.

Valiant 20th April 1761

Flat bottomed Boats manned by the Achilles

No. marked on the Boat.Ship's name they are on board of.Distinguishing Vanes.Transport names she is to take her Troops from.Distinguishing Vanes.No. of Troops, Rank & File.Of what Corps.
Colour.Place where.Colour.Place where.
29Her ownExchangeBlueAt the Mizen Topmast headBattalion 60Erskines

(P.R.O., Ad. I, 91) Commodore the Hon. Augustus Keppel to the Secretary of the Admiralty

Valiant, in the Great Road of Belle Isle. the 23rd April, 1761.

Sir,
I must beg you will please to acquaint their Lordships that since my letter to you by the Actœon Frigate, in which I gave but little hopes, the General and myself having considered that by attempting a place where the mounting the Rocks was just possible and where the Enemy were no otherways prepared, from the impracticable appearance it had to them, than by a Corps of Troops to annoy the Boats in the attempt, that it carried some degree of hopes with it, and by making a disposition for the attack of their intrenched Bays and at Sauzon at the same time, which the arrival of Buckingham and Nassau with the Transports with the Light Horse enabled me to do, we might possibly gain a footing. I have now the greatest pleasure in acquainting their Lordships that His Majesty's Troops have made good a landing on Belle Isle on the Roads near Point Lomaria, and cannot sufficiently commend the spirit and good behaviour of the Troops in the attempt, and the judgment with which Sir Thomas Stanhope and the rest of the Captains of the Ships directed their fire upon the Hills.

Captain Barrington having been employed in many of the operations on this service, I have sent him home with this letter, and beg to refer their Lordships to him for the particulars.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of H.M. Ships to be employed on a Particular Service.

Major General Hodgson having applied to me for a number of Seamen to be employed in getting on shore the Cannon, Provisions and Necessaries for the Army.

You are hereby required and directed to order a double allowance of Wine or Spirits to be issued to such Men as you shall at any time be ordered to send upon that service. For which this shall be your Order.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in the Great Road of Belle Isle the 24th April 1761.

To Lieut. Roach, (fn. 4) Commanding His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

It is the Commodore's particular direction that no Boat whatever is suffered to pass through the Fleet in the night without being called on board by the nearest Ship, who upon her [? not omitted] coming on board immediately or the Boat that is sent after her not being able to come up with her, is to alarm the Fleet by firing Guns and making false fires.

The name of the Officer having the charge of the Deck in the night, always to be inserted in the Log Book.

To Lieut. Roach, Commanding His Majesty's Ship Achilles.

Line of Battle (fn. 5)

The Torbay and The Dragonto lead on thestarboard larboardTacks
Frigates.Rates.Ships.Commanders.Guns.Men.Division.
3TorbayCaptain Brett74650Sir Thos Stanhope, Kt.
Adventure3Hampton CourtScrope64480
Fly
Firedrake3SwiftsureSir Thos Stanhope70520
Aetna4AchillesHon. Capt. Barrington60420
3NassauCapt. Suckling64480
Southampton3EssexSchomberg64500Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander-inChief
Aquillion3BuckinghamParker70520
Marlborough3ValiantHon. Augustus Keppel74665
InfernalCapt. Duncan
Vesuvius
Blast3SuperbeCapt. Rowley74650
Escorte4Prince of OrangeWallis60420
Lynn3TemeraiereBarton74650Commodore Barton
Furnace4WindsorLendrick60420
Mortar2SandwichNorbury90750
Actœon3DragonClevland74650

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road 24th April 1761.

To Lieut. Roche, Commanding His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo: Rogers.

Valiant in Belle Isle Road. 16 May 1761.

The Commodore has it in command from His Majesty to express His most gracious satisfaction of the behaviour of His Officers and Seamen upon the present service; and has firm reliance on the continuance of the same spirit and vigour on the further operations towards the compleat reduction of Belle Isle.

The Captains of the different Ships to communicate the above to their Officers and Seamen.

Memorandum
Achilles in the Great Road of Belle Isle. 18th May 1761.

When a Fleet is seen in the offing by the Midshipman that is on shore, he is immediately to repair to the Tent, hoist a blue Flag upon the Flagstaff there, and order all the People at the Tent and the Watering Place to be ready to come on board in the Boat, that will be sent for them (which they are to look out for) and repair to the place where they see she intends going on shore at.

Parole
To be signified by the following Flags on the Flagstaff at the Maintopgallant mast head, to take place on Saturday May 30th 1761.

CumberlandFlag checquered red & white
Albemarle— red with a white Cross
WinchelseaDutch
NottinghamStriped blue & white
CavendishSpanish
ScarboroughHalf blue, half white

Signals to be made by Captain Brett and the Ships to the N.Wt of Belle Isle

Memorandum
Torbay, off Souzon. May 1761.

When any of the Cruizers to the N.Wt of Belle Isle shall discover a number of the Enemy's Vessels under convoy, that Ship nearest the Enemy is carefully to observe what number of Line of Battle Ships the Convoy consists of, when he is to hoist a Dutch Flag by the Main Top Gallant Stay Sheet Halliards agreeable to the 18th Article of the Additional Signals, where it is to be kept flying, till some other of our Cruizers upon that Station answer by hoisting the same Signal; then the Ship that first made the Signal is to lower and hoist the Flag as many times as he imagines there are Line of Battle Ships; and having thus informed each other of the Enemy's force, that Cruizer who can soonest apprize me of it, is to hoist a white Flag at his Maintopgallant Mast head, make all the sail he can towards the Torbay and fire Guns, till I answer with the same Signal and fire two Guns; then he is to lower the white Flag as many times as there are Line of Battle Ships in the Enemy's Convoy, which I shall repeat to the Commander in Chief so soon as I observe him to take notice of my Signal by his firing two Guns.

If the Enemy should be discovered when only a single Cruizer is upon the Station, he is to make it known to the Torbay agreeable to the 18th Article as above mentioned, only with this difference, that I shall answer with a white Flag at the Maintopgallant Mast head and fire two Guns.

If an English Convoy should be discovered coming from the Westward, I am immediately to be informed of it by a Cruizer hoisting an English Ensign at his Maintopgallant Mast head, which is to be kept flying till I answer with [the] same Signal and fire one Gun.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.W. Brett.

Line of Battle

The Torbayto lead on thestarboardTacks
The Superblarboard
Frigates.Rates.Ships.Commanders.Guns.Men.Division.
InfernalHon. Augustus Keppel, Commanderin-Chief
Druid
Bonetta3TorbayCapt. Brett74650
Albany3TridentClive68500
Aldborough3BurfordGambier70520
Bonetta4MonmouthStorr64480
Southampton2SandwichNorbury90750
Prince of Orange3ValiantHon. Augustus Keppel74665
Capt. Duncan
Adventure3DragonCapt. Lendrick74650
Weazle3ChichesterElliot70520
Escorte3TemeraireBarton74650
Blast4AchillesHon. Capt. Barrington60420
Mortar3SuperbCapt. Rowley74650
Kingfisher
Firedrake

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 1st June 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Return of the Loss of Troops employed on the Expedition commanded by Major General Hodgson, from the 8 April 1761, the day the Landing was attempted on Belle Isle, to the Surrender of the Citadel of Palacis on the 7th June following, both days included.

Regiments.Killed.Wounded.
Officers.Serjeants.Drums.Rank & File.Officers.Serjeants.Drums.Rank & File.
Buffs13
Whitmores22221130
Beauclerks115441291
Panmures1217135
Loudons221140
Manners22
Erskines21261130
Colvilles114528
Ruffanes1st Battn1116218
2nd Battn191121
Craufurds118221
Morgans18120
Stewarts8120
Greys1412
Marines21348146
Artillery1184525
Burgoines11
Total119226024225443

Names of Officers

Regiments.Killed.Wounded.
WhitmoresMajor Thomas, Lieut. Chute
BeauclerksLieut. Dougal StewartMajor Lumsden, Capt. Patterson, Lieutenants Majorbanks and Hutchinson
PanmuresLieut. Stone
LoudonsLieut. Henry Norton Ivers
ErskinesCapt. Osborne; Lieut. Gardner
ColvillesMajor Nisbett, Capt. Faulkner, Lieutenants Bromhead and Young
Ruffanes1st Battn.Lieut. Taylor
2nd Battn.Lieut. Whittle
CraufurdsLieut. Morson
MorgansEnsign Bradford
StewartsMajor McCleane
GreysMajor Purcell
MarinesLieut. Col. McKenzie; Captains Bell, Murray and Caruthers; Lieuts. Hadden, Davis, Conway, and Hunt
ArtilleryCapt. MuckleLieutenants Williams, Kindersley and McKenzy
BurgoinesCapt. Sir Wm Peer Williams

N.B. Brigadiers Carlton & Howe wounded.

Belle Isle, 12th June 1761.

Return of Powder, Shells, Shot &c expended at the Siege of Belle Isle.

Powder expended. Barrels No. 1507.Shells.Shot.Carcasses.
13 inch640
10 inch1407
8 inch2792
5½ inch2877
42/5 inch4210
32 pounders5060
24 pounders7843
12 pounders2210
6 pounders409
13 inch5
10 inch17
8 inch3
5½ inch
4½ inch
Total11932 [sic]1552225

N.B. The above account is as near the number of round Shot as could possibly be got, but the Ships from which the 32 & 34 pounders Shot was received have not all of them made return of the quantity to the Commissary.

Memorandum
If the French Ships should get out in the day from Villaine, the King Fisher will make it known by hoisting a French Ensign at the Maintopmast head, and Guns, till answered by the Achilles. If by night, a Light at each Masthead, and Guns, till answered by the same Lights and one Gun.

Which is to be understood by the Superb as a Signal for cutting.

If in a fog you are to keep firing Guns until you see me, and then make the Signal as before mentioned.

If the Cutter should see the Ships, he will hoist a French Ensign at his Masthead and fire Guns until perceived.

If by night, two Lights at the Mastheads one under the other.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of H.M.'s Ships to be employed on a Particular Service.

Whereas I am informed the Enemy are equipping two Ships in the River Villaine, You are hereby directed to give some of your attention to their motions, sending the Kingfisher frequently to look into that River, to observe their progress, directing the Captain of the Sloop, if at any time he perceives they are without the Entrance of the River, to alarm you of it, as soon as possible, that you may use your endeavours with the Superbe to destroy them; and any of the Frigates that may be near the Achilles you may call to attend you in this service. If the Enemy pass you, you are nevertheless to pursue them to sea, or wherever they may go, while there is the least possibility of getting to battle with them.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 14th June 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Memorandum (fn. 6)
Achilles, Belle Isle Road. 16 June 1761.

If the Ships should get out of the Villaine, the Cruizers are to make it known to the Achilles in the day by hoisting a French Ensign at the Maintopgallant Masthead and firing Guns until perceived by her; If in the night they are to make me acquainted with it, by shewing a Light at each Topmasthead and firing Guns, till answered by the same Lights and one Gun, which is to be understood by the Superb as a Signal to slip.

But notwithstanding, should it be foggy, or that it is imagined I can hear Guns before I see the Signal, they are to keep firing until they see me, and then to make the Signal as before mentioned.

If I would have you slip in a fog, I will Fire one Gun; but in sailing, only Musquets, except we should be at too great a distance to hear them.

If the Cutter should see the Ships, he will hoist a French Ensign at his Masthead and fire Guns until perceived. If by night, two Lights at his Masthead, one under the other.

To Capt. Rowley, Superb.S. Barrington.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of H.M. Ships employed on a particular service.

You are hereby required and directed to take H.M.S. Superb under your Orders and proceed across the Bay towards Cape Finisterre, for the protection of the Trade of His Majesty's Subjects and annoyance of the Enemies' Privateers, taking particular care to be back in this Road in ten or twelve days. For which this shall be your Order.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 20th July 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Memorandum.
July 20th, 1761.

The Ship that wants to make herself known, is to hoist a Dutch Ensign at the Maintopgallant Masthead: which is to be answered by an English Blue Ensign at the Foretopgallant Masthead.

Superb's Signal a Red Pendant at the Maintopgallant Masthead.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of H.M. Ships employed on a particular service.

You are hereby required and directed to take His Majesty's Ship Temeraire under your command, with the Kingfisher Sloop and King of Prussia Armed Cutter, and proceed with all the haste possible off Cape Ortugal, and cruize off that land till the 13th or 14th of this month, when you are to repair hither without loss of time.

In case of meeting His Majesty's Ship Superb, you are to take her along with you, directing the Temeraire to return directly to this Road and join me.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road 2nd August 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

(A Copy)

By Charles Holmes, Esq., RearAdmiral of the White, &c.

Whereas the following French Ships, viz

Le Courageux74 guns
Le Sage64 "
Le Malicieux26 "
La Hermione20 "
and a Prize Vessel of14 "

sailed on the 5th inst. (June) from Port Louis on the Island of Hispaniola, having Indigo on board, and are gone by the Leeward Passage, through the Gulph of Florida, it is highly probable they may be intercepted upon timely intelligence being given to the Western Squadron, before they get into Brest, to which place they are bound.

Additional Signals (fn. 7)
When I would have any Ship keep ahead of me, at a distance of six miles, I will make the Ship's Signal and hoist a Red Flag with a white Cross at the Mizen Peek.

If at that distance astern, a Blue Flag at the Ensign Staff.

If I would have a particular Ship come within hail of me, I will make that Ship's Signal and hoist a Swedish Ensign at the Mizen Peek.

For all other Signals I refer you to the General Printed Instructions, and those already given you by Commodore Keppel.

Dated on beard His Majesty's Ship Achilles in Belle Isle Road 2 August 1761.

To the Captains of H.M. Ships Temeraire, Superb, Kingfisher Sloop, King of Prussia Armed Cutter.Samuel Barrington.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships employed on a Particular Service.

You are hereby required and directed to proceed immediately with His Majesty's Ship under your command to Basque Road and join Sir Thomas Stanhope, Commanding His Majesty's Ships there, and follow his Orders (fn. 8) for your further proceedings; For which this shall be your Order.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 29th August 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Line of Battle (fn. 9)

TheAchilles and Monmouthto lead on thestarboardTacks
larboard
Frigates.Rates.Ships.Commanders.Guns.Men.
Firedrake4AchillesHon. Capt. Barrington60420
Fly3PrinceCapt. Maplesden64480
VesuviusFrederick
Hester3Nassau" Suckling64480
Infernal3Hero" Fortescue74650Commodore Sir Thomas Stanhope
Revenge Cutter3SwiftsureSir Thos. Stanhope70520
Furnace3TridentCapt. Clive64500
Phoenix2Sandwich" Norbury90750
Aetna3Monmouth" Storr64480

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Swiftsure in Basque Road 31st August 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington Commander of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.T. Stanhope.

Parole the 31st August 1761 to commence at six o'clock this evening.

WordsFlagsWordsFlags
YorkStandardNorthamptonRed & White checquered
AnsonUnion
KeppelBlueLitchfieldBlue with a red cross
HodgsonSt George
ChichesterBlue & White stripedAlbemarleHalf Red half White
HarcourtDutch

The Captains are desired not to permit any Copies to be taken of these Paroles.
T. Stanhope.

Memorandum
Swiftsure in Basque Road, the 31st August 1761.

It is the Commanding Officer's direction that no Boat shall be permitted to be absent from the Ship [to] which she belongs, after the Watch is set; except Guard Boats, and they are not to go above two miles from the Squadron, returning on board their respective Ships immediately upon discharge of the Watch by firing the Morning Gun; From that time to the setting of the Watch again in the evening, no Boats are to go out of Gun Shot of the Squadron without permission from the Commanding Officer.
T. Stanhope.

(P.R.O., Ad. I, 91) Commodore the Hon. Augustus Keppel to the Secretary of the Admiralty

Valiant, Belle Isle Road, the 8th October 1761.

Sir,
Captain Barrington having represented to me that the first Lieutenant of the Achilles and Captain of Marines are so bad with the Scurvy, that the former has not been able to put his foot on the deck for a month past, and the latter's finger nails are coming off and the skin pealing from his hands, and that their continuance at sea any longer may be attended with the worst consequences to them; I have given them leave to go to England for the recovery of their health.
I am &c.
A. Keppel.

By Sir Thomas Stanhope, Commanding a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships &c. in Basque Road.

You are hereby required and directed to proceed with His Majesty's Ship under your command to Belle Isle, where you are to deliver the Letter you will herewith receive, to the Honble Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief &c., from whom you will receive Orders for your further proceedings.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Swiftsure in Basque Road Oct. 1st 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barringt on Commander of His Majesty's Ship Archilles.T. Stanhope.

Line of Battle (fn. 10)

The Arrogantto lead on theStarboardTacks
The TorbayLarboard
Frigates.Rates.Ships.Commanders.No. ofDivision.
Guns.Men.
3ArrogantCaptain Amherst74650
3SuperbRowley74650
4Prince of OrangeWallis60420
3Princess AmeliaMontagu80650Honble Augustus Keppel, Commanderin-Chief
3ValiantHon-Augustus Keppel74665
Captain Duncan
2Royal WilliamPigot84750
4AchillesHon. Capt. Barrington60420
3HeroFortescue74650
3TorbayBrett74650

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road, the 12th day of October 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

By the Hon. Augustus Keppel, Commander in Chief of a Squadron of His Majesty's Ships on a Particular Service.

The Right Honble Mr Secretary Pitt having signified His Majesty's Marriage with the Princess Charlotte of Meclenbourg Strelitz on the 18th of September, and Their Majesties' Coronation on the 22nd following; In order to celebrate those happy events,

You are hereby required and directed to cause twentyone guns to be fired from His Majesty's Ship under your command at one o'clock tomorrow in the afternoon, taking up the firing as soon as the Valiant has fired two guns. For which this shall be your Order.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 4th day of October 1761.

To the Hon. Captain Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

By command of the Commodore, Geo. Rogers.

Signals to be made in case of discovering any Embarkation of the Enemy
In case the Enemy's Embarkation should be discovered in the night by any of the King's Ships, the Ship who first perceives it is to fire Guns, and shew a great number of Lights and false Fires, which she is to keep doing till Belle Isle answers by firing one Gun, and the Ship of the Commander in Chief by doing the same, and immediately to dispatch a Boat to the shore with an Officer, to acquaint the first Field Officer he can meet, how the Enemy's Embarkation seem to direct their course, and the Ship or Ships are to get under sail (if the wind and tide permit) and use every endeavour to burn, sink or destroy the Enemy's Vessels.

As it is possible an Enemy's Embarkation may pass to the N.W. of the King's Ships in the night undiscovered, if that should at any time happen, it would be for the good of the King's service that it should be immediately communicated, which may be by firing two Guns, and letting off two Sky Rockets immediately after; these Signals to be made from Souzon and Palais; and if the Enemy proceed quite to the Back of the Island, leaving the Port of Vieux Chateau behind them, the Signal to be repeated the moment that appears certain; This will be of use to assist the Sea Officer in directing his Ships round the Island.

If in the daytime an Enemy's Embarkation is discovered at the Back of the Island, unattended by Line of Battle Ships, it may be communicated by hoisting a Dutch Jack at the Flagstaff in the Citadel and firing one Gun, which will be answered from the Ship of the Commanding Sea Officer by the same Jack at the Ensign Staff. But if Line of Battle Ships make part of the Armament, it will be necessary it should be known, and may be told by hoisting a Red Pendant at the Flagstaff and firing a Gun, which will also be answered in the same manner.

When the Commander in Chief would upon any particular occasion have all Officers and Seamen that may be on shore, repair on board their respective Ships, he will hoist the Standard at the Flagstaff at the Maintopgallant Masthead and fire three Guns.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road 14th October 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

Signals to be made by the Cruizers off Port Louis
By Day
When Enemy's Ships should be discovered at sea, the Ship who first perceives them will hoist a White Flag at the Maintopgallant Mast head; but if they should be discovered coming out of the harbour of Port Louis, then the Ship who gives the alarm will hoist a Dutch Flag under the White Flag at the Maintopgallant Mast head.

By Night
When the Enemy's Ships shall be discovered upon the coast, or coming out of the harbour of Port Louis, the Ship who gives the alarm is to fire three Guns distinctly, and let off three Sky Rockets, and make all possible dispatch towards the Torbay, still repeating the alarm by firing Guns, till the Torbay answers by shewing three Port-Fires at the same time, that is one from the Truck of each Masthead.

Dated on board His Majesty's Ship Valiant in Belle Isle Road the 25th November 1761.

To the Hon. Capt. Barrington, of His Majesty's Ship Achilles.A. Keppel.

Footnotes

1 On February 18th, however, the Admiralty ordered Barrington to proceed to Spithead; and on February 25th to put himself under the orders of Keppel. Keppel's Order to Barrington, taking him under his command, is dated ' in London,' March 7th, 1761.
2 The usual Pendant Signals were issued on March 23rd, 1761.
3 An Order from Sir Thomas Stanhope to the same effect the same day.
4 Lieutenant Hugh Roch (seniority June 30th, 1756), 1st Lieutenant, temporarily in command. Captain Barrington returned in the Actœon and resumed command on May 15th, 1761.
5 In a revised Line of Battle, dated May 10th, 1761, issued on the departure of the Hampton Court, the Achilles was placed in Commodore Barton's Division.
6 Also somewhat similar Memorandum to Lieutenant Godfrey, commanding the King of Prussia Cutter.
7 Accompanied by the usual Pendant Signals, and a Rendezvous in case of separation.
8 Stanhope's Order to the same effect, to Barrington, is dated August 31st, 1761.
9 Accompanied by the usual Pendant Signals, ending: 'For all other Signals you are referred to the General Printed Sailing and Fighting Instructions, and likewise to the Additional Signals and Instructions delivered to you by the Hon. A. Keppel. Weekly Account every Monday morning at 8 o'clock.'
10 A new Line of Battle, dated October 28th, on the Princess Amelia and Hero leaving the Squadron.