Henry VIII
February 1544, 16-25

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

Year published

1903

Pages

60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71

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'Henry VIII: February 1544, 16-25', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1: January-July 1544 (1903), pp. 60-71. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80297 Date accessed: 26 November 2014.


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February 1544, 16-25

17 Feb.113. King's College, Cambridge.
Cl. Roll
36 Hen. VIII.
p. 2, No. 15.
Sale by George bp. of Chichester, provost of King's College in Cambridge, and the scholars of the same, of their priory or manor of Allerton Malleverer, Yorks., to Thomas Malleverer of Alberton Malleverer, 17 Feb. 35 Hen. VIII.
17 Feb.114. Ships of Selby.
R. O.Certificate that only two ships, of 34 tons and 18 tons, belong to the town of Selby, and they are both in Norfolk "prest there for the King's Majesty, as it is said." It is not known when any strange vessels will be there. The names of the masters and mariners of Selby are subscribed. Selby, 17 Feb.
Thos. Strynger of Selby, owner of the said two ships, Thomas Thomlyngson and 14 other names each followed by the words "forth" or "at home." Signed: John Beverley.
P. 1. Add.: To, etc., Charles duke of Suffolk.
115. Ships of Newcastle.
R. O."The names of all the ships belonging to the King's Majesty's town of Newcastell upon Tyne." [Giving the names of the owners and the "portage" in tons.]
In all, 40 ships are named, of which one belongs to "Mr. Maior," six to Henry Andreson (one of them being "on the stocks, which cannot be ready afore Easter"), three to Andrew Bewick, three to John Hylton, two to Jas. Lawson, and two to Edw. Penrethe; but no other owners have more than one. Portage varies from 48 to 160 tons, and three of the ships cannot be ready before Easter.
P. 1. Endd.
116. Ships of Hull.
R. O."The names of the ships appertaining to the town of Hull and now being at home," giving, in columns, the names of nine owners of ten ships (named) of from 40 to 130 tons. There are sixteen masters now at home, ready to serve the King, and 84 mariners.
ii. "These be the names of the ships pertaining to Hull not being at home," naming seven owners of six ships (named) of from 50 to 110 tons.
iii. "The names of divers ships and crayers appertaining to Newcastell and to the coasts of Northfolke and Southfolke now being at Hull," naming twelve owners of eleven ships (named) of from 20 to 120 tons. Also "a hulke of Lubyke of 300 tons with 24 men and 23 pieces of ordnance great and small being well tackled." Masters and mariners of the above, besides the Dutchmen, 98 men.
Pp. 3. Endd.: The certificate of the ships of Hull.
R. O.2. List of ships with their tonnage headed: "Hull."
The Trinite, 120 tons. The Trinite Taylour, 110. The Antony, 80. The Mathew, 120. The John Bonaventure, 140. The John Baptist, 80. The Magdalen, 100. The Mary John, 120. The Mary Katherin, 55. The Galland, 80. The Margarett, 60. The Mary Katherin, 90. The Mary John, 50. The Barbara, 80. The William, 50. The Trinite Folbery, 50. The John Evagelist, 70. The Mary Rose, 40. The Mary Wylfryde, 36. The Petre Hull, 30. The Mary Edward, 50. The Petre, 30.
P. 1.
117. Ships of Bridlington, Flamborough and Rawcliffe.
R. O."A sertefycasyon from ye bayly of Brydlyngton," viz. a certificate of the names of the ships (ten, of from 26 to 80 tons) with their owners belonging to Bridlington. All are "furnished with master and mariners."
P. 1. Add.:"To ye myghty grace the ducke of Sothfolke delever this, frome Brydlyngton."
R. O.2. Certificate of the names of the ships of Flamburghe (four, of from 60 to 26 tons), with their owners and masters which "shalbe in readiness against the time appointed" and also of the names of the 31 mariners of the town and quay of Flamburghe, "which are able to serve the Kinges Grace."
P. 1. Add.: To the mighty prince, the duke of Suffolke.
R. O.3. Certificate of the names of the ships (eight, of from 20 to 60 tons), with their owners, masters and mariners, belonging to Rawclyff, in the bailiwick of Snaythe. All but one are now in Norfolk or on the way home. Signed by Peter Banke, bailiff.
P. 1. Add.: To the right honorable lord duke of Solffolk: at Darn ton.
18 Feb.118. Chapuys to Charles V.
R. O.
[Spanish
Calendar,
vii. 39.]
On the 11th, having received the Emperor's letters of the 25th ult. and papers mentioned therein, sent for audience to communicate them to the King, who sent back word as he had done the same morning when asked to appoint an hour for the Duke of Najera, just arrived, viz., that he had to go to Greenwich for divers affairs and prayed Chapuys to have patience until Sunday, yesterday.
Yesterday, although the King had heard from his ambassador what had passed touching Cardinal Fernese's charge, he showed great pleasure at being so particularly advertised, and above all at two points in Granvelle's letters, one of which was that the Cardinal had been shown that [his] Holiness ought not so much to resent the Emperor's treating with the King as the King of France's alliance with the Lutherans, for God's service and the Christian religion were as well observed in this realm as in any province of Christendom, except as concerning Papal authority (which was article particulier). The other point was that the Cardinal was given to understand that if His Holiness aided France with a single man, against the King, the Emperor would hold it as done against himself. He evinced his satisfaction and obligation by putting his hand to his bonnet for thanks; and he also took well the Queen of Hungary's advertisement to his ambassador of the cause of the coming of the gentleman from the Queen of France. Chapuys thought good to add that the Emperor, on hearing of the coming of the Duchess of Bar, let her know that if she came to speak of peace she might as well remain at home; but she went only to kiss the Emperor's hand and visit her sister the Princess of Denmark. This the King also took well. Afterwards communicated to him the Emperor's resolution upon the report of Don Fernande de Gonsaga, which, with the Emperor's letter of the 7th inst., arrived yesterday just as Chapuys was going to the King. Repeated the reasons heretofore given several times touching the Spanish arquebusiers, and the King seemed satisfied. Probably he was influenced by the thought that he had no great need of the said Spaniards on the side of Scotland, where, Chapuys hears from men who are not of the Council, affairs go prosperously for the King; of which, however, the Council would tell Chapuys nothing lest it might interrupt the Emperor's declaration against Scotland, which the King and Council desire and press for. Notwithstanding the not coming of the said Spaniards, the King made no difficulty touching the contribution for the enterprise on the side of Piedmont. It may be, however, that he thinks that that will be out of the question; for when the French there are reinforced it will be hard enough to guard Milan and some places of Piedmont, without making any other enterprise, especially if the French have intelligence with the Pope and the Venetians as the King is persuaded they have (and has spoken of it to Chapuys at length). As to the contribution to gain the Swiss, Chapuys renewed his former remonstrances and added to them; but the King will not hear of it.
The King showed himself much gratified at the Emperor's grant of his request to have the Count of Bueren in his army; and he will shortly send money as well for the 2,000 foot to be at his pay under Bueren as for the levying of the 2,000 horse and 4,000 foot which Christofle Landembourg has promised to bring. When asked, in accordance with the Queen of Hungary's command, whether he would have the 2,000 foot to be Low or High Almains he answered that he referred all to Bueren, who will know which will serve best; this with the same sign of gratification, the putting of his hand to his bonnet with gracious thanks.
As to the declaration against the Duke of Holstein, the King at once made difficulty, for the reasons which Chapuys has heretofore reported, and especially because the Duke had done him the honor of wishing to put the dispute into his hands and had assured him that neither for the King of France nor for aught else would he leave his friendship. Pointed out that these were French ruses and that, since there was no question of putting him to expense for the defence against the Duke (which by the treaty might be required, considering the defiance which the Duke had made and assembling of men), and he was not required to make an offensive army against the Duke, but only a publication which could be revoked at any time, he ought to make no difficulty; and it would certainly cause the Duke to appoint with the Emperor and condescend to reason, especially as the Queen of Hungary wrote that the Duke had now sent deputies to the Emperor, who, upon that declaration, would not delay to make the same against the Scots. In reply the King referred Chapuys to his Council; whom he found much colder upon the said declaration against Holstein and much more vehement and ardent for the Emperor's declaration against Scotland, showing marvellous dissatisfaction at the delay therein, especially as they heard from the Low Countries that the said Scots were more favourably treated than heretofore. They thought the proceeding in this affair strange; for first the Emperor referred it to the Queen, secondly, she answered that upon proof of war between them and the Scots the Emperor would declare himself, and now the Emperor added a new condition, viz., that the King shall declare against Holstein. They thought that the King would, upon reflection, take the matter ill, and that between so close friends such delay was unbecoming. Pointed out that in all reason the King ought to declare first, the request for it having been much earlier, and also the Duke had both assisted the Emperor's enemies and declared war against the Low Countries before there was any rupture between them and the Scots. Also pointed out that the Duke had long conspired and had boasted of making war upon the King and conquering this realm, to which he laid claim; and added the rest that the Queen wrote of it. It was, however, impossible to shake their opinion that the Emperor ought first to declare himself, and when the King was authentically advertised of the Duke's declaration of war, assistance of enemies and assembling of footmen, he would act in accordance with the treaty, which he intended entirely to observe; and that neither the Emperor nor his subjects could suffer hurt by the declaration against the Scots, which would incalculably benefit the common enterprise, but the King's declaration against the Duke could profit the Emperor little and would be incredibly prejudicial to them. And they prayed Chapuys, who had worked so much for this closer amity, to get the Emperor to regard the above. Offered that the Emperor would make the declaration first, provided that they would assure him (Chapuys) that within certain days after the King would do the reciprocal, but they would give no other assurance than, generally, to be bound by the treaty. One of the things they put most forward was the not being authentically advertised of the causes binding them to the said declaration; so that it will be necessary to send the said declaration. And certes! if it were possible, some gratification of the King in this respect would come à propos to maintain the warmth and affection which he shows for the Emperor's service. There is danger lest these scruples should cool affairs, and, together with the great gratification of the King, there would be little prejudice in the Emperor's being first to make the said declaration; for he may always revoke it if those here do not make the reciprocal; and besides, the Emperor will have the advantage of proving to them their contravention of the treaty (aura jeu sur eulx de leur prover leur contravention audit traicte) which may serve on occasions as the Emperor, by his divine wisdom, can well consider. As to the safe-conducts for the Scots in case of declaration, the King will advertise the Queen of those he gives in order to obtain her confirmation and placet.
Spoke to the King to send his commissioners into Flanders about the provision of victuals, pressing, according to the Queen's charge, the first sending of a bill of all that will be necessary; and this the King said he would do. There was no mention of the assistence et continuation of the ships.
The King keeps to his intention of going in person in the coming enterprise, for which he has made and makes incredible provision of victuals, and does not cease to think of and practise things concerning it, as he told Chapuys yesterday, well considering that the time is so near. His going will not be hindered by affairs of Scotland, which, as Chapuys has already hinted, are hopeful; and the earl of Harfort told Chapuys yesterday that he leaves within two days for the frontiers of Scotland as governor and captain general in place of Suffolk, who is returning, and that he thought to order affairs there much sooner than those on the side of France. Hears that the Duke of Norfolk has obtained from the King to have the vanguard. As to French practices, cannot perceive that there are any, but will keep an eye to them.
After Chapuys had been a long time with the King the Duke of Najera came to do reverence, and was benignly received. He and Chapuys afterwards visited the Queen and Princess, who asked very curiously for news of the Emperor and charged Chapuys to make their humble recommendations to his Majesty; and although the Queen was a little indisposed she wished to dance for the honour of the company. The Queen does the Princess all the favour she can, and since the treaty the King has always had the Princess in singular recommendation, insomuch that at this assembly of the Estates, she has been declared able to succeed to the realm in default of the Prince. The Estates have jointly accorded and granted remission of what was last year lent privately to the King, which is an inestimable sum. London, 18 Feb. 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 9. Original endorsed: "receues en Spiere le xxvje dud. mois 1543."
18 Feb.119. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary. (fn. 1)
R. O.
[Spanish
Calendar,
vii. 36, 38]
Received her letters of the 7th inst. yesterday, as he was going to the King, and, upon them and what the Emperor wrote, had the conversation which she will see by the copy of what he writes to the Emperor; to which he need only add that the King would very willingly have devised to hinder the revictualling of Theroenne and Ardrez if there had been time, but thinks that the French have already done it or at least will do so before it can be prevented; and long before the retirement of the men whom he had over there he moved the practice to Mons. de Roeulx, who answered that he could not give the asssistance requisite. As to the safe-conducts to carry herrings into France, the King at first made difficulty but ultimately showed himself more tractable, having heard that it was difficult to get wine in France otherwise, and said that for a small quantity it was another matter. Still, however, he would not resolve, but remitted it to his Council together with the question of licence to carry wines and wheat into Flanders in a number of French ships.
For not having despatched the patents for the observation of safe-conducts granted by her the Council excused themselves upon the ground of business, and waiting for her to grant the like for the observation of the King's. Begs her, therefore, to command them to be made in ample form, comprising leave to the English to carry goods in unarmed French ships and not forgetting the clause that as much faith is to be given to notarial copies as to the original. Touching the impost of the centiesme denier the English make no sign. If they mention it, he will answer as she commands. London, 18 Feb. 1544.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
18 Feb.120. Westbury-upon-Trym College.
R. O.
Rymer, xv. 12.
Surrender of the College and all its possessions in cos. Glouc., Worc., Warw., and Berks, the cities of Bristol and Worcester or elsewhere in England, Wales and the marches thereof. 18 Feb. 35 Hen. VIII. Signed by John Barlo, dean, Thos. Barlo and John Kerell, prebendaries, John Lawrence, sub-dean, and two fellows [see Eighth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records, App. II., 48].
Seal a little broken.
Enrolled [Cl. Roll, p. 1, No. 9] without mem. of acknowledgment.
18 Feb.121. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of the P.
of Sc., ii. 444.
Held at Edinburgh, 18 Feb. 1543, by the Queen's commissioners, viz.: Walter lord of St. John's, Sir John Campbell of Lundy, Mr. Jas. Foulis, clerk register, Sir Adam Ottirburn, Mr. Thos. Ballenden, director of Chancellerie and clerk of Justiciarie, and Mr. Hen. Lauder, Queen's advocate.
Prorogued to 28 March.
19 Feb.122. Wharton to Suffolk.
Add. MS.
32,653, f. 288.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 170.
On the 19th inst. received a pack of letters from Sir John Penven, Angus's priest, with the enclosed letter to himself. The messenger, a Scottishman, said that great division was again towards in Scotland, and Parliament adjourned to 8 May. Sent, written in a Scottish hand, the order taken by the lords at Edinburgh at their late contention, as received from Bukcleughe. Thought it not the whole truth, and has therefore, by espial, obtained what is written in the enclosed sheet of paper. Has sent two several persons to Penven, with letters to Angus, and also a meet person to convey knowledge of Coldingham to George Dowgles, with whom men talk at liberty although "they suffer him to look upon no writing but that his keepers seeth." On the night of the 17th the Armstrangis burnt Ladduppe in Tyvidaill, "of the laird of Howpasleis, called Scot."
Wrote of the disorder in the enterprise to Anande. If Suffolk would send for him and John Leighe, Thos. Dacre, Edw. Aglionby, Thos. Sandfurthe, Ant. Dukett, John Musgrave and his son Thos. Wharton he would hear "that all men did not their duties"; or else, if commanded, Wharton will take and send examinations, for he intends to assemble certain gentlemen and debate the matter. Carlisle, 19 Feb. Signed.
P.S.—Learns that on the 18th and 19th the Scots were collecting boats between Anande and Kyrkehobree for an enterprise upon the West coast here. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.:1543.
20 Feb.123. Henry VIII. to Granvelle.
The letter noticed under this date in Spanish Calendar Vol. VII., No. 40, is of the year 1544-5.
20 Feb.124. Anthony Cave to John Johnson.
R. O.Tickfford, 20 Feb. 1543:—Wool bargains. Will be at London on Friday next and hopes to see Johnson there the 2nd week in Lent. "My wyff was infformed of soche as she wroot to my cosyn and by cawse she hathe taken so moche peyn wt Nan Tanffeld yt grevyd her anny soche report shuld. be."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: merchant of the Staple at Calais.
20 Feb.125. Diet of Spires.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 71.
[Cal. of
Cecil MSS.
Pt. I., 32.]
On 30 Jan. the Emperor entered Spyre with 600 horsemen in harness, besides his nobles and accustomed train: finding there none of his princes of Almain but Henricke duke of Brunswycke. On 8 Feb. the Lantgrave of Hessen came in with 200 horsemen "warlike appointed, with spears and guns at their saddle bows," and on his left rode Alberte duke of Brunzwycke. Next day the Lantgrave went to Court and saluted the Emperor. The same day came in the duchess of Myllayne and of Barre, wife to the duke of Barre, the duke of Lorraine's son, with her sister, wife to duke Frederic Palsgrave, 14 ladies and gentlewomen and about 50 horses besides. The Duchess of Barre departed six or seven days after.
On 9 Feb. came the bp. of Trier, elector, with 74 horsemen in harness, and in his train John and Henrycke counts of Isenbergh, two counts of Seien and one of Lynien. "The same day came in John of Symberne duke of Bayre and Palsgrave, with 42 horsemen in harness."
On 10 Feb. the bp. of Coloine, Elector, came in with 60 horsemen in harness with the coadjutor Schawenburgh. The Bp. rode in a horse litter with his physician, Dr. Jacob. The same day came in Duke Frederic Palsgrave with 10 or 12 horse.
On 12 Feb. came in the cardinal and bp. of Mentz, Elector, with 120 good horsemen well harnessed.
On the 18th came John duke of Saxonie, Elector, with 262 horsemen. His train and the circumstances of his arrival minutely described.
On the 20th "began th' Emperor and the Princes to sit in Council." The scene at the Mass and the opening of the Diet described.
"At the writing hereof, 220 (sic) Feb., were yet iij of the Electors not come, namely the king of Romaynes, the Marquesse of Brandenburgh and Ludowyke Palsgrave, which, every one, have their commissaries here with full authority till they come in person."
Pp. 4.
22 Feb.126. Charles V. to his Son, Prince Philip.
Add. MS.
28,593, f. 306.
B. M.
[Spanish
Calendar,
vii. 41.]
Wrote by Juan Capata, who left here on the 14th inst., and sent copy of his answer to Card. Farnese, who proposed peace on behalf of His Holiness and the Sacred College. Although he desired it (i.e. peace) more than anything else, the points were unreasonable and gave no hope of its continuing; and therefore, considering the state of affairs in Italy and here, he resolved that he and the King of England shall enter France in June next (with armies described) to bring the King of France to terms. If the Emperor were to fail to do what he has offered to the King of England, besides the loss of reputation, it is to be believed that, with the least occasion, the King of France would ally himself with him (the King of England) and turn him against the Emperor, who might thus be constrained to sue for peace, and so cause the Pope and the other potentates of Italy, who are watching for the issue, to declare themselves, and then everything, even the Faith, would be in great peril.
* * * * * *
Spanish, pp. 6. Modern copy from Simancas headed: Copia de una carta descifrada del Emperador all Principe su hijo, fecha en Spira a 22 de febrero de 1544. A full abstract in Spanish Calendar.
23 Feb.127. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 597.
The Emperor came hither on 30 Jan., when the only prince then come was Duke Henry of Brunswick. On the 1st inst. came the Viceroy,
who had been refused admission to some of the Count Palatine's towns; and Don Francisco d'Este, to procure (as the ambassador of Ferrara affirms) delivery of the Marquis of Saluces in his place or else return to France within 20 days. Notes that the ambassador formerly said that this permutation of prisoners was agreed upon; also that Don Francisco tarries here and has sent to France for his gear, "as he saith," which will not be heavy, as he was taken in his doublet and hosen; and that, on Candlemas Day, the Emperor and he talked together secretly. On the 8th came the Landgrave with over 200 horsemen with harness under their coats, spears in their hands and guns at their saddlebows—a warlike sight. The same day came the Countess Palatine, Frederic's wife, and the duchess of Barre, her sister, "as it is pretended, only to see the Emperor." The three Prelates Electors (fn. 2) are come; and the Duke of Saxon, who came on the 18th, with as great a band as the Landgrave. The Emperor sent Count Palatine Frederick and Mons. de Boussu to meet him; and he was also met by the bishop of Coleyn and the Landgrave. He was on horseback and lustier than Wotton expected a man of his "groing" to be. Frederic the Palatine, Duke Hanze of Symern (one of the Palatines, whose daughter the young Count of Egmont marries) and certain bishops are come.
On the 11th, received, by Nicholas, letters from the Council with letters (and copy) for the Emperor; and, Granvelle being sick, sent to Mons. de Arras, his son, for audience with the Emperor. On the morrow the Viceroy showed him (1) that the Emperor must that day receive the abp. of Mentz in the morning, and in the afternoon the Duchess of Bar would take her leave, but Adryan, of the Chamber, would let him know when he might have audience; (2) that he (the Viceroy) had declared the agreement taken in England for the common invasion, which the Emperor liked well, advising Henry to make haste in retaining strangers lest the best should be taken up by others; (3) that the Emperor had intended to use Mons. de Bure as one of the chief of his own army, but, to please Henry, is content to let him lead the aid of horse and foot which he must send to Henry.
On the 14th, spoke with the Emperor and delivered Henry's letter. The Emperor said he intended to fulfil the treaty, and required Henry to declare the duke of Holste enemy, since it was as notorious that he was the Emperor's enemy as that the Scots were Henry's. Replied that it was not so notorious to Henry, but, if it was certainly declared, as the other was, Henry would declare him enemy, but thought it not expedient, for reasons given to the Ambassador in England (which Wotton repeated, as the Emperor seemed not to have heard them). The Emperor answered that he thought it would be to his prejudice if Henry did not "the reciproque with the duke of Holste," but Granvelle would make a further answer in it; and he advised, as the Viceroy did, that Henry should retain men betimes.
On the 21st, was with Granvelle, who was still weak. He said he had not spoken with the Emperor for a fortnight, but understood that (notwithstanding his treaties with the Scots) the Emperor would, at Henry's request, declare them enemies, if Henry would so declare the duke of Hoist. To that Wotton repeated the answers made to the Ambassador; but Granvelle said that the Duke had declared war and gathered 20,000 men and, unless deterred by fear of Henry, would invade the Emperor's countries; and, just as Henry's subjects had goods in Denmark, so the Emperor's had goods in Scotland, and the Low Countries would lose "by defending the Scots the intercourse." Wotton answered that he had heard of the Duke's gathering of men, but not that he had done any act against the Emperor whereby Henry "were bound to delare them enemies"; that the cases were not like, as the Duke, seeing Henry send so puissant an army into France, would not expect him to send another to Denmark, especially as the Scots were his enemies also; so he would not be deterred from attacking the Emperor by Henry's declaration. Moreover, although some Scots came to Zealand with merchandise of little value, the Emperor's subjects did not traffic much into Scotland. Finally Granvelle said they had letters from the Lady Regent, signifying that she had written again to Chapuys reasons which, she expected, would persuade Henry to declare the Duke enemy; and the Emperor would give a determinate answer when she reported (as he trusted, within eight days) how the Ambassador had sped.
Thinks the determination of this matter will depend on the Lady Regent. Granvelle never forgets to say how glad he would be to serve Henry. Would, if he durst, answer that it was the more marvel that he "sped no better at his hands."
The first session of the Diet was on the 20th. Before it, the Emperor attended Mass accompanied by the three prelates electors and other princes. Saxony and the Landgrave came not thither; but, after the session, Saxony bore the sword before the Emperor. The opening oration declared the Diet to be called to resist the Turk, and aid against the French king in defence of Nice and that quarter, for matters of religion and for reformation of the Imperial Chamber. A protestation was read by one of the Landgrave's men that, although the Protestants suffered Duke Henry of Bruynswyke to sit there as Duke, so as not to let other weighty matters, they did not thereby consent that he ought to do so. Granvelle promises to let Wotton know what the Diet concludes; and says that the French king cannot get lanceknechts out of Germany, as the Emperor has laid horsemen on the borders to hew in pieces any that would go thither (however, Wotton thinks, they may go safely through Switzerland), and that the Princes of Germany will aid against the French king in defence of Savoy. French spies are daily taken here, some of whom have been racked and others drowned; but Wotton has not heard what they confessed. They will suffer no ambassador to come from the French king.
Granvelle said, as a great secret, that the French have concluded that the Scots shall make a fair face to the King and promise to deliver the Queen Dowager and her daughter to him, but the Duke of Guise has said that, "rather than she should be so delivered indeed, he would cut her throat with his own hands"; and that Cardinal Farnese was privy to this conclusion, and has moved the marriage of the duke of Orleans and his sister.
Sir Edw. North refuses to pay Wotton's diets, saying the warrant serves only for the time he was with the Lady Regent; so that he has been six weeks without diets, and his expenses greatly increased. Spire, 23 Feb. 1543. Signed.
Pp. 6, partly in cipher. Mutilated and stained, Endd.
23 Feb.128. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Hearing that Sir Edw. Northe refuses to pay his diets (saying that the warrant is expired because he is removed from the Lady Regent), has been forced to advertise the King of it. Explains that his expenses are greatly increased by following the Emperor, and begs Paget to remind the King; for he has been six weeks without diets and will soon be "without any cross at all to bless myself withal." Could not pay the bearer Nicholas for his journey home, and asks Paget to help him to his duty. Spyre, 23 Feb. 1543.
P.S.—Sends herewith four copies in Dutch of the Emperor's wages and orders, viz., for horsemen, for footmen, for what "they are bounden to do" and for instruction of the muster taker. Had them from Granvelle. Could not get "the state of the coronell and the state of the provost," as Mons. de Liere was not here, but they can be had from "a Spaniard in the Regent's Court named Sor Inigo de Peralta, contador mayor de Su Mata," who can give the orders both for colonels of footmen and for the Marquis of Brandenburgh and his horsemen. A servant of Wotton's has made enquiries of these matters, as shown by a little letter in Latin. Sends also a bill in Latin, turned by Chr. Mownte out of the Dutch, of the order "taken by the Empire when they sent last their aid into Hungary."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Sir Wm. Paget, knight, &c. Endd.: 1543.
23 Feb.129. Charles V. to Chapuys.
R. O.
[Spanish
Calendar,
vii. 42.]
Was pressed by the English Ambassador, about twelve days ago, to declare himself enemy of the Scots; and referred the matter to Granvelle, who, on account of illness, deferred communicating until to-day, when the Ambassador repeated the same causes and excuses which have been made to Chapuys, touching the Duke of Holstein, which Granvelle told him are at variance with the treaty, for the English are bound reciprocally to declare against the Duke of Holstein, in such wise that it is impossible to deny it. His (the Ambassador's) words seem to mean that affairs of Scotland, without the Emperor's declaration, might prejudice the common enterprise against France; although he says that his master will not fail to fulfil his part. Granvelle finally concluded that, as the affair so much concerned the Low Countries, where the Emperor is practising a great aid, and the Queen has written amply to Chapuys of it, the best thing would be to defer resolution until what had passed in England was known. Notifies this in order that Chapuys may write, if he has not already done so, the final intention of the English, and whether he thinks that the affair could hinder the army against France, which the Emperor would on no account wish. Granvelle also confidentially advertised the Ambassador of news from France that, by the answer given to Cardinal Farnesio, the French were dumbfoundered and, in despair of peace, would try to put distrust between the King of England and the Emperor, and to beguile the English by pretending that they would find means to make the widowed Queen of Scotland and her daughter pass into England, although they by no means wished it, least of all the Sieur de Guyse, father of the said widow. (fn. 3) Chapuys shall likewise inform the King and his Council of it in confidence, and also (as the Emperor has heard) that the French were treating with the said Cardinal for the marriage of Orleans with his sister, which has been practised before; and it is easy to think how this agrees with the other practice of Scotland, in view of the Pope's indignation against the King of England. In the course of the conversation Chapuys shall try to learn as much as possible of the wish of the English. Spire, 23 Feb. 1543.
Fr. Modern transcript of a copy in cypher, at Vienna, pp. 2.
23 Feb.130. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
R. O.The Emperor entered Spires, first of all the Princes, on 30 Jan., and after him the Landgrave, three archbishops electors, and the Palatines John and Frederic. The Saxon arrived on the 18th inst. On the 20th the Emperor, accompanied by all except the Landgrave and Saxon, heard mass in the principal church and then proceeded to the town hall (prætorium), where the Landgrave and Saxon with many counts and common persons were assembled. A speech was read by the Emperor's vice-chancellor touching upon (1) the need of defending the Empire against the Turks; (2) the alliance of Francis with the Turks whom he had brought into the Christian world and received in a maritime port, and the need of taking arms against him no less than them, especially before he occupies the citadel of Nice; (3) religious controversies and (4) the judgment of the Chamber. Whereupon Ferdinand's chancellor rose and asked aid against the Turk. Then the chancellor of the Elector of Saxony came forward and, on behalf of Saxony, the Landgrave and all the rest of the Augsburg Confession, protested that they did not repute Henry of Brunswick a prince of the Empire, nor worthy to sit in that assembly, and they besought the Emperor to hear their reasons for his ejection. To this Brunswick replied that he had sat there as long as anyone and had been driven from his inheritance for executing a sentence of the Chamber; and he prayed for restitution. The Landgrave, sitting next him, would have answered, but the Emperor broke up the meeting.
Ferdinand's assembly (comitia) in Bohemia granted him 12,000 foot against the Turk, and 50,000 guldens for his journey hither, and agreed to keep the Queen and Royal children for half a year. Ferdinand will be here in ten days.
On the 15th inst., the councillors of the Saxon and Landgrave informed the Emperor that Chr. a Landenberg was levying horse and foot; and, as he was a notorious partisan of Henry duke of Brunswick, they wished to know if this levy was with the Emperor's consent. The Emperor replied that it was for the King of England, by whom Landenberg was subsidised; but the Protestants still mistrust Landenberg's familiarity with Brunswick.
It is constantly written from Milan that the Roman bishop favours the French; but his Nuncio denies it. There is another person acting here for the Roman bishop, who is said to have mandate for the commencement of a joint war against the Lutherans. The Emperor now sends 16 standards of foot to Milan. Certain ensigns of Italians are wandering in the borders of Lorraine. There is no news from the French ambassador at Nancy, but Mont has found that he has sent secret messengers to some princes to procure his safe-conduct. Two French youths and a German, sent by him as spies, were intercepted, and a fourth (who, as they confessed, carried letters to princes and others) escaped. More have lately been apprehended who confess to the same errand. The vicechancellor of the bishop of Metz, invited by Granvelle to dinner a second time, declined and secretly fled, and so escaped the Captain of the Guard who went next day to attach him.
Sends a little book in French recently sent hither. Spires, 23 Feb 1544.
Latin. Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.:1543.
23 Feb.131. Cardinal Sadolet to Cardinal Pole.
Poli Epp.,
iv. 175.
Sadoleti Epp.
Familiares,
iii, 348.
Congratulates him upon a bequest to him by the will of their friend Matth. Ghiberti, bp. of Verona. Complains of the wretched state of the province of which the bpric. of Carpentras forms a part, which is due to the misgovernment of the bp. of Bologna. Carpentras, 8 Cal. Martii, 1544.
Lat.
24 Feb.132. Wotton to Layton.
R. O.This day, about noon, arrived a herald out of France, who, with coat of arms on his back and letters in his hand, without guide or safe-conduct, rode through the town to the Court, alighted and went almost to the Emperor's chamber; but the Viceroy caused him to be had to one of the Emperor's heralds called Hainault, with whom he remains. The Viceroy and Granvelle have told him he deserved to be hanged. Some say he was seen here 5 or 6 days ago, others that he is no herald. Knows not his errand, but conjectures that it is for safe-conduct for the bp. of Paris to come to the Diet. Takes the opportunity of a courier to the Regent to send this, and begs him to notify it into England with speed. Spyre, 24 Feb. 1543.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "A Monsr, Monsr l'embassader d'Angleterre vers la Royne." Endd.: "Mr. Wotton, xijth of March."
25 Feb.133. The Queen's Jointure.
See Grants in February, NOS. 65 and 76; also Life Grants (Augmentation Books) at the end of this Part.
25 Feb.134. Layton to Henry VIII.
R. O.This Shrove Monday, being at dinner with divers gentlemen of the Court, a secretary of the Great Master, Mons. de Rewe, came to tell him that "five sundry speedy messengers" had brought word that the French king had sent 10,000 footmen to Normandy to be shipped to Scotland, but whether at Depe, Hownflete or Harflete he could not tell. The Regent is 8 leagues beyond Andwarpe, "gone to christen the Prince of Horange first child, a daughter, and will return hither within iij days." The lieutenant of Gaunt said, at table, that the Cardinal of Lawreyne was at Spires with the Emperor; whereupon another gentleman said he was among the princes of Jermanie to move them to favour the French king. Divers of the Council say that the Princes repair fast to the Emperor, and that the country round Spires is full of tents and pavilions. "Th'Emperor hath agreed and made friends the Langrave and the duke of Brundeswyke, which long time hath been- at mortal enmity; and hath willed the duke of Holste to come unto him in person. It is said also that the duke of Saxon comes unto him in person; and that it is like that all the most part of the Princes of Jermanie wilbe agreed and condescend to th'Emperor." These things cause much rejoicing there, but Layton cannot vouch for their truth. Gaunte, Shrove Monday, 24 (fn. 4) Feb.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.

Footnotes

1 The other letter noticed in the Spanish Calendar, VII. No. 37, under this date seems to be that of 7 Jan. See No. 12.
2 Cologne, Mentz and Treves.
3 Leur faisant entendre quilz trouveroient moyens pour faire passer en Angleterre la royne vesve d'Escosse et sa fille, non obstant qu'ilz nen eussent volunté, et mesmes le sieur de Guyse pere de la dicte vesve."
4 But Shrove Monday was 25 Feb. in 1544