Henry VIII
June 1544, 6-10


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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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'Henry VIII: June 1544, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 1: January-July 1544 (1903), pp. 401-418. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80315 Date accessed: 16 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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June 1544, 6-10

6 June.634. The Privy Council to Norfolk.
Hart. MS.
6,989, f. 109.
B. M.
Mr. Mewtys having declared that certain hacquebutiers who were under him in Scotland and are now appointed to serve in the "battle" are already arrived at Calais, where the officers refuse to let them remain, Norfolk shall take order that they, and others of the battle who arrive there, may be so placed as best to save the victuals and annoy the enemies. Their wages shall be paid by the treasurer of the battle. Since the earl of Arundel's coming from Calais, no espials' news out of France has been sent hither. Norfolk shall speak with lord Cobham, if he be there, and Mr. Wallop, to send such intelligence as they can obtain, especially out of Normandy. St. James's, 6 June 1544. Signed by Chancellor Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Gage, Browne and Petre.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: rec. 6o Junii.
6 June.635. The War.
Add. MS.
5,753, f. 49.
B. M.
Norfolk's warrant to Sir John Harrington, vice-treasurer of the Vanguard, to pay bearer wages of 3 horsemen at 9d. and 7 footmen at 6d., by Edw. Boughton, "to be advanced over the sea," for 15 days from 8 to 22 June. Lambehith, 6 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day, by — (a mark subscribed).
P. 1.
Ib. 103.2. The like for 16 footmen advanced by George Raileghe. Lambehith, 6 June 36 Henry VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed: Rec. per me Joh'em Chr'oferson.
P. 1.
Ib. f. 43.3. Norfolk's warrant to pay bearer wages of 2 soldiers to be sent over sea by Fras. Adams to serve the King in the vanguard, for 15 days, from 8 to 22 June, at 6d. Lambehith, 6 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signature, name of treasurer addressed, &c., cut off.
P. 1. Headed: By the duke of Norff.
Ib. 93.4. The like for 20 footmen advanced by Thos. Nevell. Lambehith, 6 June 36 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
6 June.636. Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
St. P., ix. 695.
The Emperor, having heard Secretary Paget's charge, has answered as he will report; and has also ordered her to send over the Sieur de Courrieres, the bearer, to hear Henry's final resolution together with the ambassador resident. Begs him to give them audience and an early despatch. Bruxelles, 6 June 1544. Signed: Marie. Countersigned: Despleghem.
French. Broadsheet, p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 June.637. The Marquis Del Guasto to Henry VIII.
R. O.Thanks for interpreting his overthrow in Italy "with so honorable words." Rejoices at the King's preparations for the war. The enemies, after giving the overthrow, sent 7,000 to the siege of Carignan and 6,000 to Janicato in Montferrate, the Emperor's men being driven to consider only the state of Milan. Petre Strocy and the Count Petillan laboured so diligently for the French king in Mirandola and the countries of Rome that in few days they assembled 13,000 footmen and 1,200 light horses, intending suddenly to oppress the rest of the Emperor's army, which was so small and had so many places to defend. After tarrying five days at Casall Mayor fruitlessly, they went to Cremona and, being there skirmished with, departed towards Millan. There they found the citizens reinforced by 2,000 soldiers, and therefore turned away towards Pavia. The Marquis with 9,000 then went to Pavia, and the enemies encamped beside a river which, with the help of barks out of Placentia, they crossed; but were met by the "Prince" of Salerno and Salmona, the Marquis following, and were completely overthrown. The only man of quality who escaped was Pierre Strocy, and he was so sore wounded that his escape is doubtful. Eighty ensigns are slain or taken.
Translation in Mason's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: Th'abrigement of the Marques of Guasto his l'res of the vjth of June 1544.
7 June.638. Chapuys to the Queen of Hungary.
R. O.
vii. 119.]
Her letters of the last ult. seemed so good in every respect, especially concerning the excuse of the ministers there and the charge of the English commissioners, that, to show the King and Council the diligence used there and necessity of providing for the victuals and wagons, he let them see the letters. The King was very satisfied, especially as regards the news of the capitulation of Luxemburg and of the Duke of Holstein, and her willingness to impart the said capitulations to him. He also took well what concerns the answer to the letter of the Admiral of France; and as to the hoys he is satisfied with her diligence, especially as they are arrived here. The Council say that they will see to the wagons and victuals; and Chapuys believes that Norfolk, who should depart this tide, will have charge to provide therein.
There is no further news of Scotland. Sends some of the patents for which she wrote on the 25th ult. and has sent the others to Mons. de Beurez. Begs her to order the like to be sent to him for the English, and as soon as possible, send them to be published in the ports there as the English have sent to publish the above. The King thinks good that Mons. de Roeulx hear what certain Frenchmen say that they wish to propose to him, being sure that De Roeulx will not let himself be bridled with follies and baseless promises and will advertise all. Norfolk has charge to communicate with De Roeulx, and Chapuys thinks that the enterprise of Montroeul will not be forgotten. London, 7 June 1544.
P.S.—Touching Octavian Bos the King will deliver him to Chapuys whenever he wishes to send him to her Majesty. Awaits her command. Would not forget that the King and Council marvel at the delay of the Emperor's army by sea, which it may please her to hasten.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original at Vienna, pp. 2.
7 .June.639. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 8.
B. M.
ii., No. 254.
Send letters which arrived this morning from Wharton to Hertford, with other letters and credence from Glencarne to Wharton and to Lenoux and Alex. Conyngham, Glencarne's son and heir, who, it seems, left Donbreteyn by sea towards Henry on 28 May, but it is not known where they are. Also send other letters to Hertford from Wharton, received this morning, with a letter to Wharton from Robert Maxwell. Dernton, 7 June. Signed by Hertford, Shrewsbury, Durham and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
Longleat MS.2. Original draft of the above in Sadler's hand, noted in Hamilton Papers, II. p. 741.
7 June.640. Sir Ralph Evers to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 24.
[Cal. of Cecil
Pt. i., 171.]
St. Papers, 41.
Perceives by letters received this Saturday morning that Hertford would have the writer's father to be at the "said exploit," whose men might refuse to obey himself. Hears that his father is "something crasside," and therefore begs Hertford to let him remain at home, and no doubt his men shall be ruled and the enterprise accomplished as if [he] (fn. 1) were present. Would know Hertford's pleasure with all haste, "because the time is short." As to the 100 men to be sent into France, appointed the gentlemen of the country to send them, some one and some two according to their livings, to muster at Shellfelde in Newcastle to the number of seven score, from which the best hundred might be taken. Divers gentlemen disobeyed (some of whom are pensioners and might well have their pensions given to others who are more willing to serve) and Evers intends at his return from Scotland to put them in ward until Hertford's further pleasure. Warkworthe castle, 7 June. Signed (signature partly cut off).
P.S.—Would be glad to have Hertford's trumpet with him, if it might be by 6 or 7 a.m. on Monday, whose presence "should be a great encouragement for our men and a discourage for the Scots."
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To th'erle of Hertforde.
641. The Scottish Borders.
Longleat MS.
ii., p. 741.
Bond of the persons hereafter named to be full partakers with England and to serve the King of England against his enemies, either in Scotland or elsewhere, as commanded, for the performance whereof they have this day given to Sir Ralph Eure, lord warden of the Middle Marches, 3 pledges (named) received at Warkworthe castle 7 June 36 Hen. VIII. Subscribed by Patte Ollyver of the Bushe and 23 others of the surname of Ollyver, 2 of that of Cawman, 2 of Ladlay and one of Wille, the residence of each being named.
ii. Similar bond of George Nixson of Larlestane and 32 others of the surname of Nixson.
iii. Similar bond to John Crosier of Agerstonesheldes and 56 Crosiers or their dependents (a few, named Yong, Elwode, Hunter and Hindemers).
iv. Similar bond of John Hall of Newbiging and 15 Halls.
Copy. Endd.. The names of Scottis that arr becom the Kinges Majesties subjectes.
7 June.642. Queen Mary of Hungary to Norfolk.
R. O.A gentleman (fn. 2) has arrived saying that he has charge from the King of England at once to levy 500 wagons and 1,100 horses limoniers. Referred him to the commissioners appointed thereto, who report that he desired the said wagons and horses to be at Calais on Thursday next, which is too short a time in which to levy so many. The gentleman said he was alone; which seems strange, for it is impossible for one man to levy and conduct so many horses, at least 3,000. If there were only the wagonners, several conductors would be requisite. Asked whether he would have conductors of this country, he answered that he had only charge to levy the horses and wagons and despatch them towards Calais. As several wagonners would perhaps in that case have stolen away, has ordered the men of law where the wagons and horses are levied to appoint conductors. More than a month past she told the Ambassador resident, and wrote to the Emperor's ambassador in England, for early notice when the said wagons were wanted; and they have been ready since the 20th ult. Tells this in order to show that she has done her best, and if there is fault it is to be imputed to the "petit ordre et instruction" given to those sent. Bruxelles, 7 June 1544. Signed: Marie.
P.S.—Begs to have early notice if more wagons and horses are to be made. Countersigned: Despleghem.
French, pp. 2. Add.: "A mon Cousin le Duc de Norfocq, estant de present a Calaix. En son absence a son lieutenant audit Calaix; ou au Debitis de Calaix." Sealed. Endd.
R. O.2. Declaration of the Queen Regent to Francis Halle, man at arms in the garrison of Calais, who is come hither to levy 500 wagons and 1,100 draught horses, of the order kept last year by the Emperor, viz.:—
For every horse was paid 7 stivers a day from the day of departing from their house. With every 20 or 25 wagons was a conductor of the same place, at the orders of the commissaries. Duties of conductors and commissaries set forth. (In all, ten articles.)
For these and other causes the Queen offered, a month past, to the King's ambassador resident, as she now does, to cause such assistance as above to be given to the King's "commyse."
Pp. 3. Endd. by Halle: 1544. The ordyr that th'Emperour usyd the last yeere consernynge the caryages.
R. O.3. The order described in § 2, viz.:—
"Sa Majeste Reginale feit faire taux des chevaulx et chariotz par tous les pays (qui nestoit si grant a beaucop pres quelle a fait faire presentement) tant pour furnir a l'Empereur que au Roy d'Angleterre." And nine other articles showing the order followed in collecting, ruling and dismissing them.
French, pp. 2. Headed: "L'ordre que la Royne," &c. Endd.: An order taken, etc., "the last yere, 1544."
R. O. 4. Certificate that, Saturday, 7 June 1544, at the request of Fras. Halle, man at arms of Callais, charged to levy here 500 wagons and 1,100 draught horses, the Queen's letters are delivered to the following, viz.:—
To John de Ghent of Bruxelles (for Bruges 8 wagons and for the Franke 196) receiving from Halle, "to make prest unto the said wagons to Callais, or to put them into the hands of the justice to th'intent there should be no fault therefor," 1,632 carolus; and "for his expenses and other conductors upon good reckoning," 40 carolus. To John Mombors of Bruxells (for Waas 75 wagons, for Bevers 29) 832l., and expenses 20l. To Barth. le Parmentire, maier de merchten (for Axxell and la chastellenie 40 wagons, for Assenede Ambacht 35, for Bouchoute 12, for Hullst 3, for the chastellenie of Hullst 25 and for St. Johns Testeen) 944l., and for exp. 30l. To Jaques de Ambre, messagier of the compter of the Receyver des Aydes in Brabande (for Ayre and the baylyage 17 wagons, for Betune 35, for St. Omer and the bayliage 27) 632l. and exp. 30l.
To Jacques Sweppe of Bruxells, brother-in-law to Master Marcells, secretary, (for Bourbourg and the chastelleyne 114 horses, for Barges Saynt Wynocke et chastell 284) 796l., and exp. 30l. To Peter van Halle of Bruxells (for Ypre 12 horses, for the chastellenye 160, for Cassell 240) 824l., and exp. 28l. To Phillippus van Halle of Bruxells (for the chastellenie of Fornes 228 horses, for Poperynges 20) 496l., and exp. 27l. To Cornelys van Hellfft of Bruxells (for Varneston 60 horses) 120l. and exp. 15l.
Pp. 3. Endd.: The Secretary Burgoyse byll of the monney delyvered to the messangers or conductors.
8 June.643. The Expedition against Scotland.
R. O. An estimate made in London, 8 June 36 Hen. VIII., "for wages of th'army late sent out of the Teamys and now returned from Scotland," having served 53 days beginning 18 April and to end on Monday, 9th. inst.
English ships, 48:—Diets of lord Clinton, Sir Nic. Poyns, Sir George Blunt, Sir Wm. Woodhowse, Sir Rice Maunsell, Sir Charles Howarde, Sir John Jennyns, Sir John Lutterell, Thomas Windham, Wm. Tyrrell, Baldwin Willobye, Andrew Flamock, Ric. Brooke and Wm. Brooke, captains, 79s. 6d. each. Wages of 2,175 soldiers, mariners and gunners, 9s. 5d, each. Item 473 "dedeshars to bee devydyde emonges them" at 9s. 5d. a share. Rewards to 159 gunners, 34l.; 48 lodysmen, 45l, 4s.; 11 surgeons, 10l. 7s. 2d. Tonnage of 37 English ships, esteemed at 2,960 tons at 22½d. Total, 1,669l. 9s. 8d.
Strangers' ships, 10:—Wages of 230 Englishmen and 110 strangers serving in them for two months, to end on the 12th inst., with their dead-shares, rewards to gunners, lodysmen and surgeons and tonnage (no details), 408l. 15s. 8d.
The eleven strangers' ships discharged in the North are not put in this estimate, from which must be abated 67l. 18s. delivered in prest to lord William and Sir Rice Maunsell; and for the premises is to be disbursed to the paymaster, John Wynter, in prest, 2,018l. 6s. 4d.
Memorandum, conduct of divers mariners and soldiers, "being diseased with sundry diseases," to their dwelling places, by estimation,—(blank).
Pp. 2. Endd.: Copy of an estimate of wages, &c.
8 June.644. Hertford and Others to the Council
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 10.
B. M.
ii., No. 255.
Heretofore it pleased the King to increase his garrison of Berwick by 20 gunners, known as the new crew, and a warrant was addressed to Sir Brian Tuke, to pay their wages yearly to Sir George Lawson, then receiver of Berwick. Now, since Lawson's decease, as the warrant does not extend to his successors, the crew will be unpaid unless a new warrant is obtained, as bearer, Thomas Gower, now receiver of Berwick, can declare. Beg them to obtain such a warrant or some other assignment. Hertford minding to take order with the head officers of Berwick for their demoure upon their charges, in which they have been remiss, as lord Eure has certified, Sir John Wetheryngton has signified that the King granted him his office of marshal of Berwick to him or his sufficient deputy, and that, in his absence, Thos. Gower has exercised the office, and he desires Gower (whose sister he has married) made joint patentee. Commend Gower as very meet for the office, and one who did the King honest and painful service in the late voyage in Scotland. Dernton, 8 June. Signed by Hertford, Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1544.
8 June.645. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 171b.
B. M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 211.
Desires him to confer the monastery of Paisley, of the Cluniac order, upon James, brother of the present Abbot John (who intends to resign) with reservation to the present abbot of the fruits for life and regress in the event of the said James's death. Edinburgh, 8 June 1544.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
8 June.646. Mary Queen of Scots to Cardinal Carpi.
Ib. f. 172.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 212.
To the same effect. John Thorneton and James Salmonde will tell particulars. Edinburgh, 8 June 1544.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
8 June.647. The Queen of Hungary to Chapuys.
R. O.
vii. 120.]
After the receipt of Chapuys' letters of the last of the past month, came hither a gentleman (fn. 3) of the King of England saying that he had charge to levy 1,100 draught horses and 500 wagons, to be at Calais next Thursday, 12th inst. Referred him to her commissioners of wagons, who reported that he was alone. Caused him, thereupon, to be asked if he wished to have conductors of this country; and he answered that he had no charge for that. It is impossible for a single man to levy so promptly so great a number of horses and wagons (which must come from divers sides) and still less feasible for one person to conduct 3,000 horses and 1,500 or 1,600 wagonners (who are not the best conditioned people). It is customary to set one man to levy 100 pioneers, and it seems to her that those there ought not to send their men thus rawly to levy so great a number of horses and wagons, for he confesses to having no instruction but only a closed letter. They are quick to blame those here, but if better duty was not done here to assist them they would be very ill served, as Chapuys might learn by her last letters, of which she wishes them to be advertised, that in future they may set better order without casting their own fault upon others. Nevertheless, not to delay the King's service, she has despatched throughout the nearest quarters to furnish the number which the gentleman has demanded and make them march; and she at least will make the requisite diligence, although, for the shortness of the time, they may not be quite at the day named. In future it will be necessary to give earlier notice, for the wagons must come from a greater distance. And also conductors must be provided who can speak to the wagonners, and see that they do not steal away or let their horses be killed or stolen; otherwise they would soon diminish, as most of them would lose their horses in order to be able to return home, as she found by experience last year. Did not say too much to the gentleman about taking conductors of this country lest he should suspect that she wished to put the King to expense, or to benefit those of this country; nevertheless, if some are not taken the wagonners cannot be kept from stealing away.
Answers his of 31 May:—If the King wishes to send Octavien Bos hither, and will deliver him to the captain of Gravelinge, she will have him conducted hither and put to exemplary justice. As to sending someone to hasten the hoys for the passage of the army of England she will do it willingly, but, as she last wrote, does not know where the King's commissioners retained them, and the man of the Ambassador here resident has told her that he had news of their departure. As to the finances which the King wishes to make here, since he does not like Chapuys's remonstrances and says that it is requisite for his service, she will put no obstacle therein, although it will greatly hinder affairs of the Emperor and this country.
The man of the Ambassador here resident has requested passport for 21 mares arrested at Gravelinge, which he said that the King had caused to be bought here. As the captain of Gravelinge had before reported the arrest, and that the merchants who were leading the mares confessed that they were not sold but that they meant to sell them in England, she had the said solicitor informed that he did ill to say that the mares were the King's and that she found daily that merchants wish to pass anything and when arrested say it for the King's service. The said solicitor excuses himself by letters which the Deputy of Calais had written him. If Chapuys hears the matter spoken of, he can explain, and also show that she finds daily merchants wanting to pass prohibited goods upon pretext that they are for the King or his courtiers. Has caused the ambassador resident to be told that if the King or his people wish to get hence anything prohibited, she will, upon being informed, assist him; but that if people come to Gravelinge wishing to pass prohibited things without licence, the officers cannot but do their duty; and when the officers have made a good arrest they cannot be deprived of their right to the things arrested, of which, for their diligence, they have part.
Is advertised by the Count de Reulx that a gentleman of France has desired to speak with him, and held the language which Chapuys will see in the letters herewith, to be communicated to the King, whose wisdom will easily recognise that the French study only to put jealousy between their Majesties, in which they deceive themselves greatly. The practice of the Sieur de St. Martin seems on a par with that of the said gentleman, and as he has drawn nothing from De Reulx he has no business to demand other communication.
Has just had news that the French have gone out from Luxembourg, as capitulated, and that the Emperor's men have entered and found there 40 pieces of artillery, of which 22 are cannons and demi-cannons, with 80 barrels of powder.
Fr. Modern transcript of the original minute at Vienna, pp. 4. Original headed: A l'ambassadeur Chapuis en Engleterre, du viiie de Juing 1544.
8 June.648. Paget to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 698.
Arriving here this morning in his way homewards found Mr. Phane returned from Acon to fetch more money, of Mr. Vaughan, for Landenbergh, over wad above the 7,600l. which he and Wynbanck carried. Upon a letter from Phane, twodays before, Vaughan had yesterday departed hence towards Acon with 2,000l.; and, as the money was as much as the Emperor gives and more a great deal than Landenbergh covenanted for, Paget advised Phane to return and, with fair words and that money together, to please Landenbergh. He answered that Landenbergh goes from his written bargain, alleging Henry's parting words to him that he should stick for no money, but bring picked men; in pursuance of which he has brought men of such notable service that the double pays of one ensign of footmen (the only one yet mustered by Phane and Wynbank) are 344, and Phane thinks that the whole force will stand the King in 5,000l. a month more than the Emperor pays. Considering that Henry counts upon the said bands, that the time draws near for the armies to enter France, and that the Emperor has often desired (and now has spoken of it afresh to Paget) that Henry and he might pay all one wages, has, in great perplexity, advised Phane to tell Landenbergh that he and his fellows cannot digress from their commission, but have despatched a post to notify the King of his demand and expect answer in four or five days; and induce him to march forward. Has also advised him to tell Landenbergh that, whereas his bargain was for 60 dead pays in an ensign, the King, to have picked men, allows him 100. Phane says that all who ask these double pays have sworn that in last wars the Emperor gave that entertainment, and having withdrawn it, is likely to lack men. It is true that Count Guillaume has but fourteen ensigns instead of twenty, because six ensigns of the most expert men departed from the musters; and the Marquis of Brandenbergh, who should have brought 1,000 horsemen, wanted 500 of them. Granvelle told Paget that it was owing to Landenbergh's report that Henry promised larger entertainment. The Prince of Orenge, who should have had twenty ensigns of footmen, within these two days, left Maistreight with only 6,000; for 2,000 of the best went away. Thus these Almains make their market. Begs him signify his pleasure to Phane and Wynbanck, somewhat to the satisfaction of these Almains, among whom his commissaries and their clerk appointed by Mons. de Bures are in dread of their lives. The Almains swear that they will hew Mr. Vaughan in pieces; and so both Phane and Paget have counselled him not to come among them. The cause is said to be that, at Spyres, in altercation upon his covenant, Landenbergh said that "he had been bold in his days to displease an Emperor and a king of Romans, and so he durst a king of England"; whereat Mr. Vaughan "spake somewhat roundly to him."
Trusts to be at Brussels tomorrow and depart homewards on Tuesday. Antwerp, 8 June. p.m. Signed.
P.S.—Phane says that many of these footmen that ask the double pays are gentlemen, and all are picked men; and, of the 4,000 who ask it, 1,000 have horses for which they ask no wages. Has advised Phane to tell Landenbergh that, were it not that you have taken him to your service and regard his reputation, "your Majesty did not greatly pass whether you had the service of his men or no, for you had men enough of your own subjects."
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1544.
R. O.2. Copy of the above.
Pp. 4. Endd.: The copie of Mr. Pagetes lettre to the Kinges Mate, viijo Junii ao1544.
8 June.649. Paget to Petre.
R. O.Prays him to procure answer to this letter to the King, for the matter requires haste. Wrote by Fraunces that Mons. Curriere or Curtbourne should come with him (Paget) into England; but Mons. de Currier left Brussels for Calais on Friday last, saying he could not ride in post and would abide Paget's coming to Calais. Mr. Layton draws to an end, and was annealed yesterday. With him is an honest young man, who during his sickness, has served the King in all his affairs, and upon whom the King might well bestow one of his brother's prebends, or obtain him one of those in the abp. of York's gift. Thinks that the Master of the Horse, who knows the man well, will further this suit. Andwerpe, Trinity Sunday 1544.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 June.650. Edmond Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., ix. 696.
Since his last of 22 May, has had letters from the Council, of 25 April, signifying the offence of the Venetian secretary there, which he has declared to the Signory, together with Henry's request to have him revoked and a more agreable agent sent. The Signory took the matter very grievously and protested their devotion to the King's amity; and they seem sincere, for lately they granted Harvel licence for armour and hagbushes for Henry's use, provided by Dominico Erisi, although they have denied such licence to other ambassadors. They revoke their said secretary (by letters sent by this post), who is said to be "French altogether." Informed the Signory of Henry's prosperity in Scotland, drowning the French rumor that the Scots had slain 16,000 of his army together with the earl of Angwich and many other nobles. Considering the great power with which Henry invades France, besides that in Scotland and the presidy left in England, men marvel that one realm "could arm and maintain such excessive number of men, whereby the fame and glory of your Majesty and of the English nation is incredibly exalted in the universal world, and the same destinate, by th'opinion and discourse of men, to be, by God's favor, shortly dominator as well of Scotland as of France, his rightful and ancient patrimony."
On the 2nd inst. the Cardinal of Ferare departed towards Rome re infecta. Neither the Bishop of Rome's offers nor the French king's persuasion could move the Signory to tempt fortune in their favour. The Bishop daily declares himself more French. He fortifies Rome and is thought to have disbursed money to the Count of Petilian, who has joined Piero Stroci with 3,000 or 4,000 men. The Emperor's orator departed from Rome to Milan without the Bishop's knowledge. Cardinal Grimani, legate of Plaisance, gave Stroci barks wherewith to cross the Po, victuals and other necessaries; or else the Imperials would have overthrown him, he having only 6,000 footmen without horses or artillery. Many of his followers have left him. Barbarossa returns to Constantinople with six French galleys, Captain Polin, Stroci, and other captains, for witness that the French king has broken promise with him. By letters of the Marquis of Guasto and otherwise, it is just learnt that, on the 4th inst., Piero Stroci was broken by the Imperials about Saravalle. Now, it is thought, the Imperials will succour Carignan. This rout will deprive the French king of Italians. There is no mention that the Turk will move war anywhere this year, and he has declined to succour the French king. Venice, 8 June 1544.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
9 June.651. The Heralds.
Add. MS.
11,320, f. 89b.
B. M.
Warrant to Sir Ralph Sadler, master of the Great Wardrobe, to deliver to the officers of arms appointed to attend the King's army, in the middle ward, for their liveries, as follows, viz.:—To Garter and Clarencieulx, kings of arms, each, 8 yards of red and 2 yards of yellow velvet; to Wyndsore and Somerset heralds, each, 8 yards of red and 2 yards of yellow damask; and to Portculleis, Blewmantell, Risbancke, Hammes and Guynes pursuivants, each, 8 yards of red and 2 yards of yellow chamblet. St. James's, 9 June 36 Henry VIII.
ii. Suffolk's warrant (undated) to Thos. Warner and Reynold Petman to convey the baggage of the aforesaid officers of arms from London to Calais; with an order for the payment of their wages, kings at 6s. a day, heralds at 4s. and pursuivants at 2s., and servants at 6d.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
9 June.652. The Privy Council to Hertford.
Hatfield MS.
231, No. 91.
[Cal. of
Cecil MSS.,
Pt. i., 172.]
St. Papers, 41.
Sir Peter Mewtys, being appointed to serve in the King's "battle" with 500 hacquebutiers (part of whom are already sent thence to Calais), desires to have with him Walter Urbes and Rob. Crache, who were petty captains under him in the late voyage into Scotland. Hertford shall send them up with diligence and permit them to bring with them eight other hacquebutiers as they shall think meet. It appears that Wharton knows not what is become of Linoux, who has, however, arrived at Chester and will be at Court within one or two days. St. James's, 9 June 1544. Signed by Wriothesley, Suffolk, Russell, Winchester, Westminster, Browne and Petre.
P. 1. Fly leaf with address lost. Headed in a later hand: To th'erle of Hertforde.
9 June.653. The Privy Council to Fane and Wyndebank.
R. O.Upon their letters of 2 June, of their proceedings with Christopher van Landenbergh the King sends letters to Landenbergh, which they shall deliver. Therewith they shall declare that the King thanks him for his towardness to serve and will requite it, and, whereas he heretofore promised to serve as the King would appoint, he is appointed with 1,000 of his best horsemen to wait upon his Majesty in the middle ward of his army ("and touching the footmen his Highness will h[ave] them placed in [t]he[faward and rereward] (fn. 4) of his said army [as shall]*), and although sufficiently furnished with horsemen, will entertain 200 of the 400 horsemen which he writes that he has ready. Doubtless Landenbergh will be content with this sorting of his men; who must be at Ayre by the 20th inst. From the ambassador with the Emperor they will have received (subscribed by Mons. de Lyre or otherwise) a declaration of what the Emperor gives, which they shall in no case exceed; and Landenbergh, having once covenanted to serve for less, and being, by the King's goodness, "enlarged to have like sold as the Emperor giveth," is bound to deal sincerely.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 4. Endd.: A minute to Raff Vane and Wylybanke, ixo Junii ao 1544.
9 June.654. Norfolk to [the Council].
R. O.On arriving here yesterday, at 1 p.m., I asked Mr. Treasurer and Mr. Marshall what news of France. They said they had no espial saving sometimes by women to whom they gave no trust. Then I sent for him whom my lord of Arundell keeps in his house, whom Palmer, bailiff of Guisnes, has so often spoken of, "and he, being kept close [h]ere sythen[s] Chrystmas, can shew nothyng." I have determined to send him to the French court; and like his sayings, for he desires little money. As he is well known at Bouleygne, Monstreul and this side Abvyle, he desires to be conveyed by Cambray. Both he and the Surveyor agree that Ardre is "as well fortified as ........." I sent also for the Council of this town, the King's victuallers and Sir Clement Harleston, and find that there is marvellous scarcity of hay and oats, and no new hay yet cut because, by the great rains, much of the hayground is under water. Pastures in the low countries are eaten up, so that cattle are sent up to the high ground beyond the Cawsy to pasture, with horsemen and footmen to keep them; which is unsafe with Bouloigne so near. As soon as my men come, I will depart to some camp to abide my lord Privy Seal's coming. The prices of the King's victuals to be sold here are too high (bill of them enclosed). The beer from London is good. I, and all the victuallers, fear that the baking in the carts will fail; because, the ovens being often heated, the mortar will fall from the brick, and small shaking will cause the bricks to fall under and break. I pray God send us no more lack of other things than of these ovens; for if they fail others can be had.
Pray help that the money that I shall have with me may be sent soon, so that, upon my lord Privy Seal's coming, we may march forward. Your lordships should look upon such as have sent carters hither, "both the worst chosen personages and the most poorly trimmed that ever I saw." The senders must have kept half the 4s. which the King paid for their coats. I enclose a bill of the names of those who sent them. Their horses, too, are lean and poor and small.
Mons. de Rieulx has written answer to my letter from Westmester that, this day, he sends the captain of Gravelignes to declare his opinion, and will come himself shortly. Mr. Wallop's trumpeter came yesterday from Bouloigne, where he saw Mons. du Bies, galyardly trimmed, mustering his men of arms, who number 100, having "among them 20 horses barded and all sorts well horsed." He said to the trumpet "Though your men have killed part of our horses, yet we have recovered good horses by the help of friends. Look on them. They be no Englysche geldings." He has also 1,500 footmen; and all B[ou]lennois and Picardy is mustering. He said to the trumpet "I make ready and abide [for] you." Women and unable persons are sent away. In Ardre are 1,000 footmen and 50 men of arms of Mons. du Rochepote's band, with but one horse each. They have (as Mr. Wallop learns from prisoners taken on Saturday last) grain enough for four months "and such plenty of wine that they sell in the taverns a pottell for a grote."
"The said Saturday Mr. Wallop and Mr. Ponynges made a great alarm to Arde; where divers of the Irysche men did very well, and followed the Frenchmen very near their gate, and kept company with the Englysche horsemen at the skirmish very galyardly; and reckoned by the Frenchmen, as the prisoners say, to be gens mervelous sauraige and also gens experimentés a la guerre."
The Council and Staplers here say that in Flanders an angel will not be taken above 10s. Fl., and English groats, half-groats, and pence not taken at all. Unless the Lady Regent is sent to for remedy, no English silver coin will go there. "Also ye shall receive herewith a letter sent to Mr. Wallop frome Mounsieur du R[ie]ul[x, wh]o sent to [him] a nother answering his about thr[ee] dais past, wherin were conteyned dyverse other occurrentes." Finally, my good lords, haste the money hither; and there shall be no slothfulness in our going forwards, unless it be for lack of the limoniers and carriages out of Flanders, of which there is no word. I will to-morrow view the place wherein to encamp until my lord Privy Seal's coining.
Unless the King's Pale is cherished there will be scarcity at the return of the army and this winter. Requiring you to show the King that, yesterday, I viewed all his fortifications here, which are so excellent that, when the rest which his Highness has determined are finished, all Christendom shall not show the like. Calais, 9 June, 3 p.m., 1544.
P.S., in his own hand.—Since writing the above, I have received the enclosed letter from the Lady Regent; and will despatch to her and Francis Hall to hasten hither the limoniers and wagons; and even if they come not I will, before my lord Privy Seal's arrival, encamp in the enemies' ground. Signed.
Pp. 4. Slightly mutilated. Fly leaf with address lost.
9 June.655. The War.
Add. MS.
5,753, f. 38.
B. M.
Norfolk's warrant to Sir John Harrington, vicetreasurer of the Vanguard, to pay bearer wages of 30 soldiers sent hither by the Dean and Chapter of Poules in London, to serve "under me," for 15 days from 8 to 22 June, at 6d., and likewise for 2 soldiers sent by Michael Roberts. Calays, 9 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt by Hubarte Huse, 10 June, subscribed.
P. 1.
Ib. 40.2. The like for 20 soldiers sent by the Dean of St. Stephen's in Westminster. Calays, 9 June 36 Hen. VIII.
ii. Receipt, 11 June, by John Bayllye.
P. 1.
10 June.656. Henry VIII. to Hertford.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 12.
B. M.
ii., No. 256.
Intending very shortly to advance in person in his enterprise against France, would confer with Hertford at length of the state of those parts and the ordering of affairs here, and employ him as at his coming shall be declared; and therefore sends these letters for his revocation and requires him, after instructing Shrewsbury, who is appointed lieutenant general there, to return with diligence.
Draft, pp. 3. Endd.: Mynute to th'erle of Hertford, xo Junii 1544.
10 June.657. The Privy Council to Tunstall and Sadler.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 14.
B. M.
ii., No. 257.
The King, having resolved to revoke Hertford and appoint Shrewsbury as lieutenant general, requires them to remain to counsel him and advance his Grace's affairs, as they have done, wherein his Grace takes them to be most willing and does not let to declare it. Sadler shall pay Shrewsbury, from the time he enters office, such diets as Hertford had; and further shall send a view of the number in garrison, the monthly charges, days of payment and money remaining in his hands, that order may be taken therein before the King's departure.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: A Mynute to the bisshop of Durham and Mr. Sadler, xo Junii 1544.
10 June.658. Earl of Huntingdon.
Harl. MS.
3,881, f. 41.
Will of Francis earl of Huntingdon, dated 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Modern copy (or full abstract), p. 1.
10 June.659. Sir Ant. Knyvet and Others to Sir Ant. Browne.
R. O.We have at this time written to the King of the forwardness of his fortifications here, and that the money which "I, Sir Richard Caurden," had at my last being with his Grace, 500l., is spent (requiring more by Saturday next, which is pay day). As the letter is long, "perhaps his Majesty will not take the pains or can have leisure to read the same," and therefore we enclose a copy (and have also written a short letter to the lords of the Council); begging your help that the letters may be read and money sent, for victuals are so dear and scant here that unless the workmen are paid, and may discharge their board and victualling, the victuallers will be unable to make provision, and we put to much business. As our special trust is in your mastership we write most at large to you. Portismouthe, 10 June.
Signed: Antony Knyvet: Ric. Caurden d. Cicestr'n: John Chaderton: Thomas Bartun.
ii. The Same to Henry VIII.
The 100 "hagbutters" of Sir Ant. Knyvet's retinue are come, and likewise the ships with buoys and cables "by your Majesty devised for the haven here," and Lyonell Martyn is engaged in trimming them. Lately foul weather and wind, for 10 days together, hindered carriage of stone; but, since the fair weather, we have so applied the works that good store of stone is already carried and the works much furthered. The first floor of the square tower within the great fortress is laid, and the foundation of the barbican towards the sea brought up to 6 feet, and the rest landward almost digged; so that the fortress will shortly be able to receive ordnance. The turf bulwark at the east end of the New Bank and the bulwark in the midst called Chaterton's bulwark, with the trench on either side of the bank, are made, and the bank 14 feet high. Also the bulwark at Portisbridge is finished and places are made on either side of the new fortress to lay ordnance in for defence if enemies come before the fortress may be finished. If the ordnance and munitions were come, of which I, Sir Ant. Knyvet, delivered the Council a bill, your Highness need not doubt any enterprise here. We are now repairing the bulwark beside "your blockhouse by west the haven here," whereof Robert Lymden has the keeping.
The 500l. brought by Sir Ric. Caurden is spent, and Saturday next will be a pay day, and will require a large sum because of the number of workmen, the provisions and the transporting out of the Wight of stone, chalk, timber and wood for burning lime and brick. Beg to have 1,000l. by the said day. One of us would come up but that we are occupied about the speedy setting forth of the works, and a number of French ships are abroad, which on Thursday last took a Spaniard without, the Nedelles. Have seen some of them "a see boorde the Wight."
Pp. 3. Add.: Master of the Horse. Endd.: 1544.
10 June.660. Hertford and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 16.
B. M.
ii., No. 258.
Forward a letter received this morning from Wharton to Hertford, with others to Wharton from Lenoux, by which it appears that Lenoux is repairing to the King, as doubtless he is already advertised. Dernton, 10 June. Signed by Hertford, Shrewsbury and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
10 June.661. Hertford to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 18.
B. M.
ii., No. 259.
Encloses a letter he has received from Wharton, who has served the King very diligently, and requires them to further his (Wharton's) suit, for which he now sends up his cousin Thos. Sandforthe, the bearer. Dernton, 10 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
10 June.662. Wharton to Glencairn.
Add. MS.
32,655, f. 20
B. M.
ii., No 260 (1).
Since the despatch of your man I have advertised the King of the credence you sent by him and of your loyal proceedings, and I am commanded to give you his Highness's thanks. Albeit he understands that you are too Wise to credit the fair words of men who are only seeking to establish their private factions, and will keep out of their hands, his Majesty wills me to advise you not to commit yourself to their hands upon any promise they can make, as he will declare more amply to Lynoux, who landed three or four days past at Chester and will be ere this at Court. Where Sir George Douglas lately opened to you the cause of their convention at Stirling, saying that, to advance the King's affairs, he laboured the deposing of the Governor and Cardinal; pray remind him of the benefits which he and his brother have received of the King and the promises which they and others have made, and advise him to proceed, provided that it is not in their old fashion of doing first and advertising after; for if they elect new regents without the King's pleasure, he must think it done for their private commodities and not for the advancement of his affairs. As to the peace which they intend to sue for, the King should first know what they offer, for it is not to be thought that he will take now such appointments as he did at the beginning, considering the losses which they have lately sustained and that they are proclaimed enemies in the Emperor's dominions. Besides, I know for truth that the King of Denmark, having now taken peace with the Emperor, has therein obliged himself not to help the Scots against his Majesty.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 7. Endd.: The minute of the lord Wharton's lettre to th'erle of Glencarn, xo Junii ao 1544.
Longleat MS.2. Fair copy of the above, noted in Hamilton Papers, II. p. 743, as endorsed "A mynute of a lettre to be sent to th'erll of Glencarn as the device of the lord Wharton."
10 June.663. The War.
Add. MS.
5,753, f. 41.
B. M.
Norfolk's warrant to Sir John Harrington, vice-treasurer of the Vanguard, to pay wages of 5 soldiers sent hither "to serve under me" by the archd. of Essex, for 15 days from 8 to 22 June, at 6d. a day. Calice, 10 June 36 Henry VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day, by —— (a mark subscribed).
P. 1.
Ib. 44.2. The like, for payment to Thos. Ardern or bearer, of wages of 4 horsemen at 9d, and 16 footmen at 6d. Calice, 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed: Antony Harecort.
P. 1.
Ib. 82.3. The like for 8 soldiers sent by Ric. Liegh. Calyce, 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed: Henry Vernon.
P. 1.
Ib. 94.4. The like for 12 soldiers sent by Adam Oteley. Calice, 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed: Henry Vernon.
P. 1.
Ib. 124.5. The like for 10 soldiers sent by George Sandford. Calice, 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signed.
ii. Receipt, same day. Signed: Henry Vernon.
P. 1.
Ib. f. 37.6. Norfolk's warrant to pay Robt. Hungerford wages of 100 soldiers sent hither "to serve under me" by the bp. of Lincoln, for 15 days from 8 to 22 June at 6d. a day. Calice, 10 June 36 Hen. VIII. Signature, treasurer's name, etc., cut of.
P. 1. Headed: By the duke of Norf. Treasurer not named.
[10] June.664. Mary of Guise.
R. O.
St. P., v. 391.
Bond given "at Striveling the——(blank) day of Junii the year of God 1544," by the nobles of Scotland to maintain the Queen Mother in "the office of goverment." The preamble states that the Queen's letters, directed by advice of Arran, summoned a convention at Tynlithquo, 28 May last, to consult for setting forth the Queen's authority, doing justice, and resisting the English (who have lately burnt Edinburghe and Lyeth, without resistance, and intend another invasion), which convention was translated to Striveling, where the Governor, the Queen our Sovereign's mother, with many of the prelates, earls, lords, barons and other nobles convented in the Grey Friars on the 3rd June inst. There it was thought expedient that a sage number of the lords should, by themselves, find and article the causes of past inobedience and lack of justice and the remedies; and refer it to the Queen, Governor, and the rest for approval. The lords chosen thereto, with others who came later and were called to give advice, after consulting three or four days, found that a great part of the inconveniences here was in my lord Governor and the Council chosen for him, and advised that the Queen Mother should be joined in equal authority with him, with a Great Council of 16 persons, viz. 12 temporal and 4 spiritual, as in the "deliverance made thereupon," 6 June, is contained. This deliverance was shown to the Governor, 6 June, before all the lords; and the lords who devised it prayed him to consent thereto, as the Queen Mother was of high lineage, great wisdom and "haile of lief," being akin to the king and greatest nobles of France, who would defend this realm. The Governor promised his answer on the morrow evening. 7 June; and the deliverance was next shown to the remnant of the lords, who approved and affirmed it. On the 7th the Governor made no answer, and, after divers messages had been sent to him, the lords of the Council, on the 9th, sent him letters in the Queen's name, to appear at the Grey Friars on the 10th and accept the said "ordinance and articles" and concur with the Queen in the government. On the 10th the lords waited in the fratry of the Grey Friars from 10 a.m. "while xij hours was stricken," but the Governor neither came nor sent his answer; so they gave their decree suspending him from his office, and chose the Queen mother to use the said office of government, Signed: Marie: Gawen of Glasgwe: Patrick Morrinen (fn. 5) : Will'm of Dumblane: Ro. Orchaden. Ep'us: T. commendator of Driburt: De. de Cuper: V. de Culros: Archbalde erle of Anguss: Erle Bothwile: Will'm erle of Montros: Will'm lorde Sanchar: Robart Maxwell: George erle of Huntlie: G. erle of Caslis: Erle of Merschell: John erle of Menteth: Hew Lorde Somerwell: George Duglas: Erle of Murrey; Archd. erle of Argile: George erle of Erroll: John lorde Erskyng: Will'm lorde of Saint John: Malm' lorde Chalmerlane: Hew lorde Lovell: Schir John Campbell of Cawder knyt.
Copy in an English hand, pp. 7. Endd.: The copie of th'aggrement made in the Convencion at Sterling.
10 June.665. Viscount Lisle.
R. O. Order of Charles V. to his officers of marine to lend every assistance to Viscount Lisle, whom the King of England has appointed to command his army by sea, in pursuance of their agreement to maintain a certain number of men upon the Narrow Sea to harass and invade the enemy. Brussels, 10 June 1544, imp. 25, reg. 29. Seal slightly injured.
French. Parchment.
R. O. 2. Another copy, also sealed. Seal slightly injured.
French, Parchment.
10 June.666. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. The day you left Brussels, Mr. Fane and I met and talked of his and Mr. Wynybankes meeting with Landenberge, who, it seems, entertained them reverently and showed such a goodly company of horsemen and footmen (as far as they saw) as they have seen the like nowhere. Landenberge, in talking with his captains, used himself reverently towards the King and saw that every man was well harnessed and weaponed and exhorted his company to serve the King. Many of his gentlemen have, for the King's honor, "done great cost upon their ensigns and other apparels gallantly set out with white and green." I said I marvelled that Landenberge and his men should say that if I were among them they would "cut me in pieces." Mr. Fane answered that Landenberge did not talk so, but some of the company reported "that I should say to Landenberghe that he spare (sic) to serve the King's Majesty with good men, and that so doing they should lack no money, which money because they now lacked, they should say I had betrayed them."
Thinks that (as Landenberghe has hitherto used himself honestly and has brought a goodly band of men, and as the sending of them back might give them an ill will to the King's service and an excuse to serve France), they should be received for a time and afterwards gently despatched. Their folly towards himself they now seem to repent; and if they depart unpaid they will "shred" all the country and raise a rumor to the King's dishonor, and perchance the Emperor may take it unkindly. Landenberghe told Fane that, after one or two months' service, his men might be despatched and no man offended. "Wishes that, this letter might be received before that which Paget "wrote here" reaches the Council. Loveyn, 10 ("x." altered from "ix.") June, 3 a.m.
P.S.—Begs answer with speed "lest there come some other made before by the King's Majesty."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1544.
10 June.667. Sir Thomas Palmer and Others to the Council.
R. O.On the 5th inst. arrived at Grave, and next day received from Mons. de Bueren the musters of 204 horsemen, well horsed and appointed, save that about 50 had short hand guns and boar spears, whereas the King requested all to be lances. Bueren said he knew that the King would have the whole 500 to be lances, but willed these to be received, and at the musters at Torney or Betune the whole 500 should be lances. Departed thence to Utrecht to meet Lightmaker, according to his intimation that on Friday last he would be there with the band he promised the King, and more; and, before leaving Grave on Friday last, sent forward a messenger with letters to Lightmaker to be ready for them on the Saturday. Tarried until noon on Sunday at Utrecht, but could learn nothing of Lightmaker from his man there, who left him 18 days past "but xxx leagues off and setting forwards." As he might well have come that distance in 7 or 8 days, and to tarry longer would prevent their being at Tornay or Betune by the 14th inst., they left a letter to Lightmaker, that if he caused his horsemen to march towards Ayre they would at Andwarpe obtain prest for their entertainment to Tornay or Ayre, and would be mustered and paid on their arrival at Ayre by the 20th inst., according to the King's appointment. Are now in doubt whether to receive Lightmaker, of whom they hear nothing yet, and beg advice. Go to-morrow towards Tornay and Betune to receive the musters of the rest of Bueren's horsemen and footmen. Bueren cannot agree to the King's request to have 500 men in an ensign, according to their instructions, as he has discovered to his men his bargain for 400. He says also that the Emperor has but 400 and allows them 500 pays. Desire to know the King's pleasure therein, although they fear that it cannot reach them till after the musters, at which time they must needs pay his people, and trust to the tenor of their instructions which "always referreth the whole that if th'Emperor 'do the like." Bueren showed a letter stating that in Almaigne, Count Christofell van Oeldenborgh levies 10 ensigns of men, "for what purpose is not yet certainly known." Andwarpe, 10 June 1544. Signed: Thomas Palmer: Edward Vaughan: T. Chamberlein.
In Chamberlain's hand, pp. 4. Cover with address lost. Endd.: Sir Thomas Palmer and Edward Vaughan, Thomas Chamberlayn to the Counsaill, xo Junii ao 1544.
10 June.668. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.This day Mr. Palmer, Mr. Vaughan, and I returned from receiving musters of the 204 horsemen at Grave levied by Mons. de Bueren, as may appear by our present advertisement to the King. I found here Mr. Stephen Vaughan, newly arrived from Bruxelles, where he had been with you and declared the proceedings of Mr. Vane and Mr. Wynebanke with Landenbergh, and how I delivered them too little money for Landenbergh's men. If blamed, I beg you to make my excuse, which is chiefly that, when the money was delivered to me, I could not reckon how much would serve, as it was not known what sould the footmen and horsemen should have, but referred to the Emperor's instructions to be received here from Mr. Wutton. On their receipt Mr. Stephen Vaughan and I sat a whole day about the calculation; and so delivered Mr. Vane and Mr. Wynebanke 7,600l. Fl. which we reckoned to be 500l. too much. By a minute which Mons. de Bueren made me for his men "I found that I had given Mr. Vane with the most after that rate." Hears also that Landenbergh "refused to take his entertainment according to the instructions had from th'Emperor," which Mons. de Bueren never did. Begs to be appointed to serve during this journey as he has begun, and have some honest allowance. Signed.
P.S.—At the closing of this, obtained the enclosed news of Italy "affirmed true from sundry places and men of credit." Andwarpe, 10 June 1544.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Italian news.
Nice, 9 May, from Captain Christofano Pallavisin:—It is reported from Santo Remo that Barbarossa prepares to leave for Constantinople, taking with him Captain Polino and the prior of Capua, with six French galleys, viz. three of the Prior's and three others of the Count dell'Anguillara, of Sor. Pietro and of Pietro Bonaccio, to testify to the Grand Signor that he has served the King well. To furnish three galleys and his own with slaves and other necessaries he has left the other French galleys disarmed, but still detains them. Their land forces are dismissed and this expedition has ended in smoke, and Polino and the Prior are warned to be ready to depart this day.
Genoa, 21 May:—Captain Christofano Palavisino's report, which seemed incredible, is confirmed otherwise.
Cremona, 15 May:—The Marquis (fn. 6) had determined to set upon Piero Strozzi when the latter, obtaining boats from Piacenza, left Cugnolo and went over the Po, and now waits for the Count of Pitigliano. The Marquis will send the men of the Count of Nuvolara and Sr Ipolito da Correggio to Casalmaggior.
Cremona, 26 May:—It is true that Strozzi crossed the Po with the aid of Piacenza.
Piacenza, 24 [May]:—The French, that is Piero Strozzi's men, have crossed the Po with aid from Piacenza, in which city was the Sor Pier Luigi, who disarmed three companies of Sor Ipolito da Correggio at Monticelli. On the 23rd was great alarm in Piacenza on a report that 30 ships with Imperial soldiers were at Calendasco, six miles off. Carignano was at the last extremity. Barbarossa has departed with Captain Polino from Constantinople.
Casale, 22 [May]:—Military movements thereabouts (detailed).
Mantua:—Petignano's men left Lucciara on 26 May for Piacenza.
Genoa:—It is certain that Barbarossa has departed with the six galleys, against the King's will, taking with him the artillery of the four French ships and the crews of all the rest of the French galleys. Signor Pannottino (Jannottin Dorria in § 3) has gone out with 20 galleys towards Provence. Piero Strozzi was still beyond the Po, uncertain what to do; and the Marquis's army increasing daily.
Italian, pp. 3.
R. O.3. English translation of many passages of § 2.
In Mason's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: News from divers places beyond the seas.


1 Word omitted.
2 Francis Hall.
3 Francis Hall.
4 Cancelled.
5 For "Morayien" by an error of the copyist, who has also made the lord of St. John's name "Will'm" instead of "Walter" and written "Lovell" for "Lovat."
6 Of Guasto.