Henry VIII
November 1544, 16-20

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1905

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'Henry VIII: November 1544, 16-20', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 19 Part 2: August-December 1544 (1905), pp. 370-383. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80347 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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November 1544, 16-20

16 Nov.620. Bailiffs of Scarborough to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 56.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 367(3).
Perceive by his letters dated at Darnton, 11 Nov., that the King marvels that the merchants and inhabitants of this town have not all this year set forth vessels for defence of their traffic, and commands his lordship to will them to do as is done in many other parts of the realm. Here are four small crayers under 50 tons, good to pass by the coasts, not meet for war but to wait on greater ships, and we are desolate of ordnance, shot and gunpowder; but if your lordship will help us to guns, powder and shot, for our money, we will set forth two crayers. Such ordnance as we had is at the King's castle of Scardburghe. Here is a small crayer of Lord Eure's, of 20 tons, and men that would sail her, if his lordship would aventure the ship and rig her. " A ship called the Marie Galand, the half adventure hath all this year gone of warr' of a master of this town— John Dove of Hull is captain of the same." Beg to have the King's warrant to prest mariners and fishermen. Scardburghe, 16 Nov. Signed: "William Lokwod and Robert Raughton, baylifes ther."
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
621. Whitby.
Add. MS.
32,656. f. 54.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 367(2).
Certificate of George Coniers, bailiff of Whitbie, Richard Browne and Matth. Wilsoune, burgesses, in the name of the town, upon letters from Shrewsbury, lieutenant general in the North, "for the setting forth of certain ships of war," viz.:—That their ships have been sold, owing to the decay of the harbour, but divers of the inhabitants would provide good ships if the harbour were amended, the decay whereof will be a hindrance to all that country. If amended, there is no such place for the safeguard of ships from Humber to the Frithe. They have no munition of war save 6 demihakes, 60 bows and 60 sheaf of arrows. They have 7 balingers and fisher boats of 30 and 40 ton, meet to wait on greater ships. Their chief mariners are in the King's service in the south. Not signed.
Pp. 2. Endd.: 1544.
16 Nov.622. Shrewsbury and Others to the Council.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 41.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 362.
Enclose letters from the warden of the East Marches, and others to him from Gilbert Swynho with intelligence out of Scotland. Darneton, 16 Nov. 1544. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
16 Nov.623. The Privy Council at Calais to the Council.
R.O.We have received your letters of the 14th, for our return in case next letters from my lords with the Emperor mention no commissioners to be sent anew to treat with us; first taking order for. the keeping of the King's pieces of this Pale and the getting in of boats, bridges and wagons. Yesterday morning we received and despatched over letters from my lords with the Emperor; and, as they mention no new ambassadors, we intend to repair over. Our coming over might conduce more to his Majesty's honor than our tarrying, by bringing commissioners who might be sent to treat over into England; and if they were sent no further than Cales some of us could return thither. Calais, 16 Nov., at night, 1544.
Draft in Paget's hand, p. 1. Endd.: Mynute of my lordes of the Privey Counsail l're at Calais to the Counsail attendant upon the King.
R.O.2. Original letter of which the above is the draft. Signed by Suffolk, Gage, Paget and Ryche.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
17 Nov.624. The Privy Council to Suffolk and Others.
R.O.The King is informed that the French king assembles men of war about Heding and Montrell to annoy his Pale, and, considering that this frozen time favours their malicious purposes, he requires your Lordship to warn Mr. Wallop and all other captains and ministers upon the pales to have regard to their defence, and cause the ice to be broken daily along the said pales on his side. As the garrison upon the Pale is not great it shall be reinforced from Calais. You shall, further, send to the captain of Graveling, "as well for the keeping of the blockhouse of Bredenarde side as also for breaking of the ice there"; and, if he refuse, then to know whether he will let our men keep it. And, after taking order for the safeguard of the Pale, yourself and the rest of the Privy Council there shall repair to the King.
Draft in Fetre's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to the Privy Counsell at Callys, xvij  Novembris 1544.
17 Nov.625. Raids in Scotland.
Hatfield MS.
137, No. 108.
[Cal. Of Cecil
MSS.
Pt. I., 180.]
Haynes'
St. Papers, 43.
List of "exploits done upon the Scots," anno 3G Hen. VIIL, taken mainly from letters of the Wardens, viz.:—
"2d July. Sir George Bowes, Henry Evre, Thomas Beamont, etc., with their companies.—The town of Preston brent. The town of Edram brent. A tower of Patrick Hume's, where they brent the houses about the same and brought away six men slain (sic) prisoners, horses 5, nolt 200, sheep 600, 50 nags with much insight gear. 6 Scots slain.
"2d July. John Curwenn, Rob. Lampleugh, John Leigh, at the com- mandment of the lord Wharton.—The towns of Dronnock, Dronnockwood, Tordoff, Blawitwood, Westhill and Scallys brent again, and brought from thence prisoners 40, nolt 160, many sheep and swine with other insight gear."
And so on, briefly as follows: —
3 July. John Carr, his brother and certain of the Werke garrison, by lord Evers's command.—A stead of Thos. Reppats beside Gryndlar castle burnt, &c.
Same day. Clement Myschaunce with certain of Berwick garrison, by said command. A stead of Colborne Speth "taken up," &c.
4 July. Thomas Carlyle, Hagarston, part of Sir George Bowes' company, per mandat. predict. "Two miles beyond the Pethes of Dunglas, seized and brought away prisoners 5, nolt 280, sheep 1,000."
Same day. Rob. Collingwood, John Carr, Thos. Clavering, Metcalfe, &c., per mandat. predict., with certain of the Middle Marches, burnt these towns and steads, Shapeley, Hownomkirk, Hownom Town, Hevesyde, Overgatesyde, Nethergatesyde, Corbet House, Grawbct Haugh, Mylberie, Growbet Mylne, both Growbetts, Hownome Graunge, the Deane Bray, Blake Jaks houses.
Wharton's letters, 10 July.—The Armestrongs of Ledysdall ran two forays to the places of the lord of Greestone and laird of Cardoney.
Wharton's letters, 11 July.—Sir John Lowther, Mr. Strickland, &c., burnt in the head of Averdaill one parish church, 200 houses, &c.
Lord Warden of the Middle Marches's letters, 12 July.—Certain of Ryddysdaill and Mr. Basfourth's retinue "took up" towns called Now, Cobrust and Awtonburn.
Wharton's letters, 17 July.—The Armestrangs ran a foray to Ladope belonging to Scott, laird of Howpaslett.
Lord Evre's letters, 17 July.—John Carr's son, with his garrison took up Gyrneley in the Merse and slew one of the Repethes. Sir Geo. Bowes, Sir Brian Layton, Hen. Evre, &c., burnt Dunse.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 19 July.—Tyndall and Riddisdale with Mr. Clefforth and his garrison have burnt Bedroul and 15 or 16 other steads, and in their return fought with lord Farnyhurst and took him and his son John Carr prisoners.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters,—— July.—The lord Ogle, Sir John Wythy- rington, Sir John Dallevill, and others, with 2,300 men, burnt Old Rokesburgh, New Rokesburgh, New Sown, Stockes Strother, and Hotton of the Hill, and rode a foray thence to Makerston and Rotherfurth.
Lord Evre's letters, 24 July.—The garrison of Warke took up Fawsyde Hill, and, with the captain of Norham, Hen. Evre and others, burnt Long Edname, and won a "bastell house" strongly kept.
Lord Evre's letters, 2 Aug.—The captain of Norham, Hen. Evre, John Horsley, &c., burnt Hume to the gates of the castle.
Wharton's letters, 5 Aug.—The Ledysdaylls with divers English Borderers burnt divers houses and sheils.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 7 Aug.—Sir Ralph with the garrisons of the Middle Marches, Tindale and Riddesdale, 1,400 men, burnt Bon Jedworth, Angram Spitle, Est Nesbet and West Nesbet, and won divers strong castle houses, and slew all the Scottish men in them to the number of 80, &c.
Lord Evre's letters, 16 Aug.—Wm. Buckton and John Ordre and certain of the Berwick garrison spoiled Dunglasse, and in their return defeated the Scots, slaying Alex. Hume, son to George Hume, and 40 other good men, and taking the laird of Anderwyke, called Hammilton, and his second son and 60 more, prisoners.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 22 Aug.—John Carre's garrison and Robert Collingwood, the captain of the Irishmen, &c., rode to Cesford "barkyn" and got all the cattle there, and in their return burnt four steads. Thos. Basfurth burnt Nether Whitton, Over Whitton, Gaytshaw town, ranged Gaytshaw wood, burnt Hevesyde and the Deyn Bray, and ranged all the woods thereabouts.
Lord Evre's letters, 25 Aug.—John Carres garrison of Warke and Corhill took up steads called Ketle Shells and Haryell in Lammarmore. Sir Brian Layton and Lancelot Carlton ran a foray up Lamermore edge to Laugh ton.
Wharton's letters, 27 Aug.—The West and Middle Marches with certain Scottishmen invaded the lord of Bucklugh's lands in West TividalL burnt the barmkeyn at Branxham Tower, and brought away 600 oxen, &c.
Lord Evre's letters, 27 Aug.—Sir Brian Layton, Hen. Evre, Robt. Collingwood, &c., ranged the woods of Wooddon, where they got much baggage, &c., and slew 30 Scots, and thence went to Bucklugh's tower called Mosse House, won the barmkeyn and "smoked very sore the tower," took 30 prisoners, &c., and burnt also the town of Woodon and many sheils and houses.
Lord Evre's letters, 3 Sept.—John Carres company of Warke seized at Old Rokesburgh 60 kine, &c.
Lord Evre's letters, 6 Sept.—Sir Brian Layton, captain of Norham, Thos. Goore, Hen. Evre, &c., with the captain of the Irishmen, burnt Littletoun Hall, and all houses thereabouts except the Stone House, and also Rotherford with many castle houses; and afterwards Thos. Goore assaulted and took the town of Dawcove.
Wharton's letters, 6 Sept.—The West Marches burnt Crookedmoore, the mains of Hodholme, the towns of Hodholme, Souplebank, Pellestells, laird Latymer's lands, Bushe, Bronelands, Holme and Crooke, and all the peel houses, corn and steads in Hodholme, also Myddelby and Haglefleigham, and all the peels, &c., in Myddelby and Myddelby Woods; and in their return burnt Bonshaw, Robgill, and all other houses, &c.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 6 Sept.—Sir Ralph Evre, Sir John Wytherington, Sir John Delavale, &c. burnt the town and church of Eckforth and barmkeyn of Ormestone, assaulted and burnt the Mosse Tower "and slew 34 within it," and burnt Grymsley, Hotton of the Hill, Old Rocksborough, Crallyng and Crallingcooves.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 14 Sept.—The Crosyers, Ollyvers, Halles, and Trombles have gotten by policy a castle in Tevedaill called Egerston and left 20 men to keep it.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 17 Sept.—Threescore of Ryddesdall with the Halls, Ollyvers, Trombles, Rudderforths and Crosyers took up Beamontsyde, 3 miles beyond Mewres.
Lord Evre's letters, 17 Sept.—The garrison of the East Marches have gotten much corn &c., out of Scotland.
Lord Evre's letters, 20 Sept.—The garrisons of Wark, &c., have gotten 100 nolt and 28 horses, and those of Berwick 60 nolt, 200 sheep and 8 nags. Wm. Buckton and John Orde, with Sir George Bowes' folk, brought away from Lamermore 100 nolt, &c.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 27 Sept.—Tyndall men burnt Drymanes, &c. Crosyers, Scottishmen, have taken up Draplaw, belonging to the abbot of Jed worth.
Lord Evre's letters, 27 Sept.—The East and Middle Marches won the church of Eales by assault and slew 80 men in the said abbey and town, mostly gentlemen of head surnames. John Carre's company, not knowing of that raid, rode to Stochill in the Merse and got 50 nolt and 12 nags. The garrison of Berwick have got out of the east end of the Marse 600 bolles of corn and taken Patrick Hume, brother's son to the laird of Ayton.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 29 Sept.—Threescore Scottishmen, with Sir Ralph Evre's priest, &c., and Tyndall and Riddesdall, have taken the laird of Mellerston's town of the Faunes.
Wharton's letters, 1 Oct.—The Armstrangs of Lyddysdayll burnt the laird of Applegarthe's towns in Drivysdayll called Over Hawhill and Nather Hawhill. Certain English and Scottish men burnt Roderford in Tividaill.
Wharton's letters, 3 Oct.—John Grayme with divers of Canaby and the Batablers burnt Dumbertaun in Averdaill. The Batysons and Thompsons of Eshdaill burnt Grenge.
Lord Evre's letters, 3 Oct.—Certain of John Carre's company of Warke ran a foray to Long Edname. Wm. Buckton and John Orde, constables of Berwick, with Clement Myschaunce and others brought from Akyngawle 80 nolt &c.
Lord Evre's letters, 4 Oct.—Tyndall and Ryddesdaill men have in Scot- land burnt much corn, &c.
Wharton's letters, 7 Oct.—The West Marches have burnt the "manner" of Mewby, towns called Comertrees and Hawys and other villages.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 8 Oct.—Garrisons of the Middle Marches burnt Howston.
Lord Evre's letters, 8 Oct.—Men of the East Marches burnt Newbyging. The garrison of Warke took up Hew Dridge and Burnhouses in Lamermore and ran a foray to Mylnerige. The garrison of Cornell ran a foray to Rawburne, and thence to Mersington, and there got and burnt the tower. The garrison of Norham took up Otterburn.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 13 Oct.—Tindall and Ryddesdall, with the Croseys and other Scottishmen took up a town of the abbot of Glasco's.
Wharton's letters, 18 Oct.—Certain Batysons of Esshdaill reived a town near Peebles. The Batysons, Thomsons and Lytles of Esshdayll, Ewesdaill and Wacopdaill burnt Blendallbush on the water of Dryff. Eight Scottish- men burnt lord Maxwell's town of Lockerwood and a town called Hutown, also burnt certain houses of David Jerdain and slew his son.
Lord Evre's letters, 23 Oct.—John Carre's garrison took from Todrige in the Marse, 6 horses &c., and from Fynles in Tividale 44 kine &c. Thos. Carlysle rode a foray to Dunglas. A raid made to Hayrehed. Wm. Buckton and John Orde brought from Craynshawes and thereabouts 400 nolt, &c.
Wharton's letters, 27 Oct.—Batysounes, Thompsons and Litles burnt a town on the water of Lyne. The Armstrangs of Lyddesdaill spoiled Langhope tower.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 27 Oct.—Scottishmen, as Croseys and Trombles, took up Hardmaston. Tyndall with certain Scottishman burnt Raplaw.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 28 Oct.—Mr. Norton, Mr. Nesfeld, &c., burnt a town of the lord of Bonjedworth.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 29 Oct.—John Hall of Otterburn with Ryddesdall and 600 Scottishmen ran a foray to Ankeram.
Lord Evre's letters, 4 Nov.—The garrison of Cornell, Thos. Forster's company, &c., took up Gordon in the Marse. The garrison of Warke ran a foray to Earl Bothwell's town of Fernington. A stead called Jeffyle in Lammermore was taken up and one called Prestley burnt and a town called Pretency in the Marse taken up. The said Warke garrison also took up Forgo and Susterlands. Sir George Bowes won Brome Tower, belonging to Patrick Hume, and slew 14 men therein, burnt and cast it down, &c.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 5 Nov.—The Middle Marches burnt Lassedon belonging to Lord James, Maxton belonging to David Litleton and Langnewton belonging to the laird of Gradon, took prisoner David Litleton's son and heir, &c.
Wharton's letters, 7 Nov.—Batysons of Eshdaill won Burdlands tower belonging to the captain of Edinburgh castle. Armstrangs of Lyddesdaill burnt Hallroul and Wyndes.
Sir Ralph Evre's letters, 7 Nov.—Robt. Karr, Farnyhurst's son, with all the other Scots in assurance, 600 horsemen, took up Eyldon and Newbron. Tyndall and Ryddesdaill men, with the said Scots, took up Smalhom, Smalhom Crag, Newstede, Lytle Merton, and Reidpethe.
The laird Farneyhurst's letters.—Scottishmen and Englishmen together have burnt Old Mylrose, overrun Buckleugh, burnt Langnewton, run to Bewellye, Belsys and Raplaw and burnt Maxton, Sainct Baylles and Lassedon. Item, they ran to Koldenknowys and gat the goods of Reidpeth, Boderstanys Crag, and Lydgartwood, and ran to Newton and Stitchell. Item, they ran to Havyn, Mellastanys and Nenthronn.
Lord Evre s letters, 9 Nov.—John Carre of Warke with his company ran a foray to Smellam. John Carr, Thos. Forster, &c. rode to Liegerwood, and in their return burnt Fawnes and won bastell houses at Smellam Mylne, Nanthorne and Little Newton. Sir Geo. Bowes, Sir Brian Layton, &c., burnt Dry burgh with its abbey and all save the church.
Sir Ralph Evre's letter's, 14 Nov.—Ryddesdale and Tyndall with certain Scottishmen rode into Lawderdale.
Lord Evre's letters, 17.Nov. —The abbey of Coldingham won and kept to the Kings use.
Total towns, towers &c. burnt 192, Scots slain 403, prisoners 816, nolt 10,386, sheep 12,492, nags and geldings 1,296, "gayt" 200, bolls of corn 850, insight gear, &c.
Pp. 15.
17 Nov.626. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of
Parliament
of Scotland,
ii.448.
Held at Edinburgh, 17 Nov. 1544, by James abbot of Newbottill, Wm. Lord Simpill, Mr. Thos. Ballenden, clerk of Justiciary, Mr. Henry Lauder, advocate royal, Simon Prestoun and David Lindesay of the Mount, commissioners, together with Patrick Barroun, deputy constable, James Lindesay, deputy marshal, and David Lowre, judicator. Business:— Summonses against Angus, Bothwell and George Douglas continued to 24 Nov.
17 Nov.627. Hertford, Gardiner and Wotton to Henry VIII.
R.O.
St. P., x. 202
Since despatching our letters on Thursday last, (fn. 1) signifying our conference with the Emperor's Council on Wednesday, Granvela has daily put us off with the excuse of the Emperor's disease, until yesterday, at 4 p.m., when Mons. de Corners brought us to the Emperor. Found him in a very low chair, with his legs wrapped in a black cloth and laid as high as his body. After devising familiarly of his gout, induced by his hurt upon the knee, he called the Viceroy and Mons. de Prate (and bidding the latter, because troubled with gout, sit on a stool and the rest to be covered), he patiently heard us. Told him how we had proponed to his Council two points (1) that you never consented to the treaty with France but with two conditions, and (2) the invasion made by the Frenchmen since that peace; and we pressed the Emperor as plainly as we had done his Councillors. He answered with many good words, protesting how, when there were matters for which he was urged by others to break with you, he had remained your friend, and now you would have him declare himself to his own hindrance, without furthering your purpose, as he was not bound to any aid this year, "being the time of our invasion so late," whereas he might travail to make a good peace, as he would gladly do. We noted this, as it was the end of last communication with Grandvela. The Emperor then proceeded that he had granted to us that he must before all keep his promise to you; but he had also, with your consent, made a league with the French king and must keep faith with him. And here he made a long speech, but touched not the second point, of the invasion. We answered, agreeing that it was not reasonable that, after giving a consent to peace you should require war again without other consideration, but now the matter was otherwise; for you consented not but with two conditions, to which the French king was privy, as appears by his capitulation with the Emperor, and yet the Frenchmen would not satisfy you as required and had made a new invasion, and thus had broken faith with the Emperor. Upon this arose debate of many special points. First the Emperor "said he never heard of the special condition to be satisfied of those demands declared unto him." We replied that it was included in the general condition which Mons. Darraz confessed, for, the treaty being reserved, wherein it is said that you must be satisfied, that satisfaction, besides the consent, is requisite, and the special demands declared to Darraz are "to the Emperor's advantage, the sooner to induce the Frenchmen." And we read it in the treaty as translated into French; whereat De Prate said that afterwards the treaty speaks of consent only; so we showed that article also, which was that the great conditions of satisfaction might be tempered by consent only. Then we told the Emperor roundly that we thought he would not maintain the saying of Mons. Darraz to the contrary of what you affirmed. He replied that he knew you to be a prince of honor and truth, and he would not compare Mons. Darraz with you, but that you were so "understanded" both his ambassadors' letters to the Regent confirmed. We said it was hard if his ambassadors might by their report defeat a league. "Why! quoth th'Emperor, first the King my brother sent me word that I should treat alone and he would treat alone, which matter was repeated to Monsr. Darraz, and how he was treating with the Cardinal of Bellaye! How can it then, quoth th'Emperor, stand together that I should obtain of the Frenchmen those demands and my good brother was treating for them apart?" We answered that, in treating apart, you, before all, made a general article for the Emperor's satisfaction to be certified before the conclusion, and so should the Emperor have done upon the return of Darraz. "Here it came forth that th'article for your Highness' satisfaction was made before the return of Mons. Darraz." We furnished the likelihoods of your answer to Darraz as we had done to his Council. He said that Darraz's chief charge was to require your army to pass into France according to the treaty with the Viceroy. Explained, as to his Council, how you had satisfied that treaty, and that his laying siege to Saincte Desire was the cause of your laying siege at Montrel. This the Emperor could not answer, and the Viceroy, whom we thought to be there for that purpose, never spoke save once, when he said that the Emperor would never communicate with the Frenchmen about peace but with special mention of you, and once when he helped the Emperor's memory as to a place where they had com- munication with Frenchmen. I, your ambassador resident, reminded the Emperor that I delivered him the articles of demands declared to Mons. Darraz. This he confessed, but said the French king would never have agreed to them, and the Frenchmen said that when they made the submission they knew not of Boleyn. Detail further debate, in which they showed that the Frenchmen invaded England and Guisnes, places named in the treaty, in order to test whether the Emperor would keep it; and Hertford said that one of the French commissioners had wagered to him that the Emperor would not declare against the French king. The Emperor said that the difficulty was in Bolen; but the writers replied that the French might as well ask recompense of every ship and prisoner taken in the war as Bolen, which both you and all your subjects were determined to keep. You had upon confidence of the Emperor's amity entered this war, at marvellous charge, and now that the treaty had served the Emperor's purpose it was reason that you had some commodity of it, and men were already marvelling how the Emperor could be in peace and you in war, the invasion being so manifest and the treaty so plain. You were his old friend, and the other his "reconciled new friend"; and if you were never to enjoy anything taken it was vain for you to make war; and in your company the Emperor has always had good fortune, and by this last league had great fortune, of which we desired to enjoy some piece. To this the Emperor answered, very gently, that he would think of a convenient answer.
We have now so informed his conscience that he cannot swerve from you for want of knowledge, and we deem that he was in the matter otherwise affected after he had heard us than he was before. We shall solicit the answer with diligence. At departing, we reminded him of your request for the duke of Alberkyrke, and he promised that the Duke should know that he accepted thankfully his (the Duke's) service to you; adding that the Duke was "a good noble man." Brucelles, 17 Nov. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 10. Add. Endd.:. 1544.
17 Nov.628. Hertford and Gardiner to the Privy Council at Calais.
R.O.What we know here our letters to the King will declare. "What shall be the final resolution we cannot tell, but surely the Emperor seemed to stay at that we spake unto him, and where we looked for a precise answer he hath taken deliberation." As we have received your advice for our tarrying here, we pray you to help that we may be advertised in what case to return, so that, in following our desire to be at home we do not err. The Emperor will shortly repair towards Coleyn for Christmas. Desire to hear also of the state of the King and Prince and the Court, and of the fortification and plentiful victualling of Boleyn. Brucelles, 17 Nov.
"Doubting your lordships's departure into England, we have sealed our letters to the King's Majesty and yet sent the copy herewith which it may like you to send sealed unto us again." Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add.: To, etc., the duke of Suffolk, the King's Majesty's lieutenant, and other of the King's Majesty's Privy Council, at Calais or in England. Endd.: 1544.
18 Nov.629. The Privy Council to the Lord Admiral.
R.O.The King, understanding by your letters to us that the Frenchmen now assemble to lay siege to his town of Bulleyn, and that therefore you forbear fortifying about the Old Man and apply all the pioneers about the fortification at Base Bulleyn and the castle, marvels that you, or any other having experience of the wars, would think it possible for an army to lay a siege at this season in a country so devastated. "If any such gathering of men be in hand, the same is for some rode or invasion to be made upon th'East pale or some other purpose, and not for laying any siege to Bulleyn; and, albeit the applying of the whole number of labourers about Base Bulleyn and the castle for so short a time as you write of may be after redubbed with the more diligence to be used in setting forwards the fortifications about th'Old Man, yet his Highness thinketh that this vain bruit of laying a siege at Bulleyn was no cause why you should have stayed any piece of his Majesty's former resolution touching fortification about th'Old Man, the doing whereof had need to be well applied, for if th'enemies should prevent you in fortifying there, it would (as you know) bring no small difficulty to the keeping of his Majesty's town." He prays you to advance the said fortification; and doubts not but the tents for lodging the labourers are arrived. Where you write that the whole garrison has for fourteen days drunk only wine and water and for six days eaten nothing but biscuit, so that your first store thereof is spent, the King, remembering what a great proportion of victuals has been sent thither, and how much was found and left there at the beginning, must needs think that no due order has been taken, and that if such excessive waste continues it will avail little to be at such charges for keeping and fortifying the town. Sending of grain to you is to very small purpose if you look always for drink and bread to be sent you weekly from hence. We are commanded earnestly to require you to call the rest of the Council to you and to have henceforth a more wary eye to your victuals, considering with what difficulty and charge they are brought to you. You can make no stronger fortification there than to keep a precise order in the expense of victuals. Finally the King prays you to have special care of these things and of your powder, whereof he thinks you have a very great furniture.
Draft in Petre's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: M. to the lord Admyrall, xviij  Novembris 1544.
18 Nov.630. Sir Thomas Seymour to the Council.
R.O.Wrote in his last letters "of this date" that he would speak with the owner of the Mary of Hamborow concerning the sale of her. Found him in the town, and, when he perceived that she should to the sea in the King's service, he appointed to sell her for 350l. Desires to know whether to stand to the bargain and abide the venture himself, or whether the King will have her; and that the King's pleasure may be declared to Mr. Sharryngton, to whom he has addressed the owner for payment and to be one of his sureties. Portesmowth, 18 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
18[Nov.] (fn. 2) 631. William Kynyatt to Ant. Bourchier.
R.O.Where you desire to know the next place of my abode concerning my circuit, I intend to be at Worcester, the 22nd inst., for three days, to take such accounts as are untaken. If it like you to repair thither I can be content,—so that you shall not intermeddle therein nor deliver "any book, paper, roll or other thing to the said your office belonging, nor shall not have sight nor use of any part or parcel of the same" before I have declared before the Queen's Council. As to your servant's long abode here I could give him no answer before I knew the pleasure of Mr. Bassett, general surveyor to the Queen, who came not before the 16th inst. Marlborowe, "the xviijth day of this month." Signed.
P. 1. Add.: auditor to the Quenes Highnes.
18[Nov] (fn. 2) 632. John Basset and Hugh Westwode to Ant. Bourchier.
R.O.I have perused your letters to Mr. Keynett and can be content that you shall have all such favour shown you concerning your said office and shall repair to all places of audit yet unkept with two servants to attend on you; and at your meeting at the next audit, which shall be the 22nd inst., "I doubt not but you shall have Mr. Keynett reasonable." Marlborowe, "the 18th day of this month." Signed.
In the same clerk's handwriting as the preceding, p. 1. Add.: Auditor to the Queen's Highness.
19 Nov.633. [The Privy Council] to Sir Thomas Seymour.
R.O.We have received your letters of the 15th inst. with the rate of victuals already sent from Portesmowth to Bulleyn. His Majesty takes your forwardness in good part and requires you to accelerate your setting forward and to return by the coast of Normandy, annoying the enemy, and leave your ships in Colne Water. If you take any of the enemy's ships you are to leave them at the Wight or at the nearest port, whence they may be brought away at the end of your journey.
We have written already of the sending of money by Wynter's son, who no doubt is arrived with you.
Draft in Petre's hand, p. 1. Endd.: M. to Sir Thomas Seymour, 19 Nov. 1544.
19 Nov.634. Mayor and Aldermen of Hull to Shrewsbury.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 52
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 367(1)
Perceive by his letters of 11 Nov. that the King is informed of the losses which they and others have lately sustained by enemies upon these North Seas, and that they have been very slack in furnishing ships of war for their defence. As is openly known, divers inhabitants of Hull have been at importunate costs in manning 3 ships of war, whereof two kept the north coasts until compelled by the fleet of Scots that came home by the west seas to forsake their prizes and seek the company of the Margaret of Leystofte, a man of war, for safeguard, while the third, called the Mathewe, was driven by tempest to Dover and there remains. At present their principal ships with the chief of their mariners, ordnance and powder are southward, here being only the Trinitie, a ship of 100, and a bark of 30 ton, which, if he will grant commission to take ships, mariners, &c., they will set forth with speed, trusting that they may keep what they shall get. Beg to know where to send them. Hull, 19 Nov. Signed: Alyksaunder Stockedayle, maior of Kingeston upon Hull, and the aldermen his bretheren.
Hol., p.l. Add. Endd.: 1544.
19 Nov.635. Shrewsbury and Others to Henry VIII.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 43
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 363.
Enclose a letter from the Warden of the East Marches, showing that he has gotten the abbey of Coldingham and furnished it with a garrison. Have written to him that if he find it tenable and convenient to be victualled from time to time, he shall keep it; but think that if the Scots approach it with great artillery it is not tenable. Beg to know his pleasure in this. Darneton, 19 Nov. Signed by Shrewsbury, Tunstall and Sadler.
P.S.—Enclose a letter from Cesford and Fernyherst, and ask what answer to make.
In Sadler's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1544.
19 Nov.636. Mary Queen of Scots to the Sheriff of Roxburgh.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 45.
B.M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 364.
Mandate to make proclamation in Jedburgh, and elsewhere needful, that all landed men and substantial yeomen, with their households, furnished for war, shall meet the Governor in Edinburgh, 26 Nov., with 11 days' victuals, to pass with him to the Borders to resist their enemies of England and the Scottishmen who assist the same, and expel them from the realm. The preamble states that the English have by burnings, slaughter, &c., sparing neither wife nor bairn, "drawn to their opinion many traitors" of this realm, especially the inhabiters of Tevidaill, Lyddisdale, Haisdell, Hewisdaill, and a great part of the Mersh, and will "draw them to their faith and opinion of Ingland," purposing, with these Scottishmen, to make plain conquest of the realm; also that the occasion hereof is understood, by James earl of Airrene, lord Hammylton, &c., protector and governor of the realm, and the lords, to have been the discord between the nobles, which has now ceased and good concord made betwixt them. Stirlyng, 19 Nov. 2 Mary, "per actum dominorum Consilii."
Pp. 2.
19 Nov.637. Mary Queen of Scots to Charles V.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 174b.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii., 231
Her father, not so much for his near kinship with the House of Burgundy as for his love of the Emperor's virtues, renewed the amity and league (fn. 3) between them and their subjects which has been established a hundred years. Although that amity remains unshaken on this side, and therefore may be expected to be observed by him, timid merchants (on account of the injuries of certain private persons) fear that it has been tacitly dropped. Therefore, since she now commands David Paniter, her councillor and chief secretary, to salute him in her name, and that of her mother and the Governor and all the Scottish princes, she begs him to signify by letters his opinion of the amity and to declare by edict there that it remains in force, or else to renew the amity under the same conditions. Her secretary is empowered either to confirm the former amity or make a new one like it, and also to accept fellowship in the league between the Emperor and the Most Christian king of the French. As to private injuries, it may please his Majesty to command the magistrates to prevent prolonged litigation. Credence for her said secretary. Edinburgh, 13 kal. Dec. 1544. Signed
by
Arran.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
19 Nov.638. The Same to the Same.
Another letter printed in the Epistolae Regum Scotorum (II. 229) as of the same date seems to be of 29 Nov.
19 Nov.639. Mary Queen of Scots to Mary of Hungary.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 175.
B.M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
233.
David Paniter, her chief secretary and councillor, is sent thither to congratulate the Emperor upon his reconciliation with the Most Christian king and is commanded not to omit saluting her. He is to seek from the Emperor by letters and edict an opinion that the amity and league (fn. 3) made with the writer's father has not been violated; or else, if the Emperor prefers it, to make a like league. He is also empowered to enter, in her name, the league between the Emperor and the Most Christian king. And since the complaints of Scottish merchants about extortions have been referred by the Emperor to the magistrates of her jurisdiction, the writer begs that she will command expedition to be used. Edinburgh, 13 kal. Dec. 1544. Signed bg Arran.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
19 Nov.640. Mary Queen of Scots to Paul III.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 171b.
B.M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 219.
Ferquhardus bp. of the Isles or of Sodor, and comme idatory of the abbey of Iona, is aged, and both he and she think Roderic Macelane, archd. of Sodor, fitted for those offices. Desires the Pope to appoint the said Roderic to the said offices in reversion, reserving the fruits and regress to the said Ferquhardus and a pension of 300 mks. Scots to Wm. Gordon out of the fruits of Sodor and Iona. Stirling, 19 Nov. Signed bg Arran, the Governor.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2.
19 Nov.641. Arran to Paul III.
Royal MS.
18B. vi. 175b.
B.M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 234.
Besides external war for three years, which still rages, and besides heresies (explosa dogmata), there were many who would divide in two the supreme administration, which nevertheless has been re-united in him, the lawful tutor of the young Queen. Signifies this, lest by deceitful and importunate petitions anything may be committed there which may hurt the state of this realm. Edinburgh, 13 kal. Decemb. 1544.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
19 Nov.642. Chamberlain to the Council.
R.O.
St. P., X. 208.
Their letters of the 14th inst. instruct him to learn in Andwarpe if it is true that the Emperor gathers great sums in these Low Countries with intent (upon a secret agreement) to render them into the French- men's hands. Was but a while at Andwarpe, and could there learn no particulars of this sudden peace, as since he has learnt them here and declared them to Hertford and Winchester. To judge by common bruit, the people here are neither pleased with it nor expect it to continue; and they lament the Emperor's blindness in making it when he had his enemy at such advantage, and fear it may cause a grudge between the King's Majesty and him. It is frankly said that this sudden peace was not meant by the Emperor, and was the act of the Viceroy of Cecille and Grandvella; and that the Viceroy has a good sum of French crowns and restoration of all the towns which the Frenchmen took from the duke of Mantua, his brother, besides robbing the Emperor, as general of his camp, and now goes home triumphantly to Cecill, not caring whether these Low Countries sink or swim. As for Grandvella, all men say that Vandome has given him the lordship of Engyne, and some add that the bp. of Arras, his son, shall have a red hat. They say that none rejoice at this peace but the Italians. As for rendering these countries to the Frenchmen, the Emperor has yet two months' respite to declare whether he will give his daughter in marriage to Orleans with the Low Countries, or else the daughter of Hungary with Myllan, and many men of knowledge think that ere that time incidents may happen to bring them to the state they were in four or five months past. Spaniards say that the Council of Spain will not agree to the marriage of the Emperor's daughter with Orleans; and here they say that the states "are as evil disposed to th'other;" and some say that Orleans will have none but the Emperor's daughter. Commissaries are sent to Cambray, viz. the chancellor of the Order, called Nigri, the count Lalayne and others, to commune with personages out of France about the particulars of this peace. Cannot hear that the Emperor demands greater sums of these countries than heretofore.
Is this night told by a person of credit that the French king breaks promise already, and will perform nothing in Savoy or Italy until Orleans is in possession of this country. Had heard the same before, but gave it no credit. Bruxelles, 19 Nov. 1544.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
19 Nov.643. Chamberlain to Paget.
R.O.Received his letter by Blewe Mantell desiring to have 18 yards "of crimson velvet, in graine of the very best," but can find none meet for him in this town. "I abide but only these lords' (fn. 4) despatch from hence, which they have required me to do, and so they intend to go to Andwarpe, whereas I doubt not but I shall have choice of such as shall be meet for your purpose." Bruxelles, 19 Nov. 1544.
Begs him to send this other letter to the Council in England answering theirs sent "this other day."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Nov.644. The Earl of Worcester.
R.O.Two bills amounting to 32l. and 40l. odd, respectively, for various items of wheat, lampreys and sheep delivered (apparently by [Joh]n Gozh) at Chepstow "for my lord's use" during the year 1544, the last dated being 20 Nov. 36 Hen. VIII. Each bill signed: H. Worcester.
Pp. 2.
20 Nov.645. Mary Queen of Scots to Cardinal Carpi.
Royal MS.
18 B. vi. 172.
B.M.
Epp. Reg. Sc.,
ii. 221.
To the same effect as No. 640. Roderic is qualified "quod is, in insulis educatus, pro more gentis satis habeatur literatus." Stirling, 20 Nov. 1544. (fn. 5)
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
20 Nov.646. William Damesell to Sir Thomas Seymour.
R.O."A copy of a letter sent unto your mastership the xxvij of the last month, whereof I have yet no answer":—
His letter dated Dover 11th inst. came to hand only this day, showing, that the powder to be provided from hence is to be sent to the Tower of London. Will do his utmost to accomplish this when the seas are more clear of French ships of war. Has only 730 more barrels of powder to receive upon his bargain. The money he received from Stephen Vaghan for another 1,000 barrels he was commanded by Norfolke, Suffolke, and others of the Council at Calleis, the 6th inst., to pay to the count of Buren here, in full contentation of his soldiers that have served against France. Has practised to see what further quantity may be had here, and learns from men who have factors in Ducheland ajid at Hambrough, Breme and Lubecke, from whence the saltpetre comes, that they can deliver 100 lasts in six months beginning the last of February, as follows:—on 28 Feb. 38 lasts, 15 April 25 lasts, 31 May 25 lasts, and 30 June 12 lasts. If possible they will deliver 50 lasts more, but they will only be bound for the 100. Desires to know the King's pleasure whether to go through with this bargain and from whom to receive the money; for 2,000l. is required in prest. If the King will have 50 or 60 lasts of saltpetre besides, Damesell will provide it some other way; for if these men knew it they would not be bound for the 100 last, no, not if he offered "30 guilderns for every honderthe." Must answer these men within 14 days. Andwerpe, 27 Oct.
Sent the above letter on the 27th ult., and sends the copy as he has had no answer to it. Has since laden 400 barrels of gunpowder and 300 hacquebutes to be delivered at the Tower of London, and has sent to the Council at Calais for wafters for it, which he expects in Zelonde today or tomorrow. Desires to know if the King will have any further provision of gunpowder or saltpetre, and that order may be taken for the payment of it. Andwarp, 20 Nov.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To the right honorable Sir Thomas Semour, knight, master of th'Ordynance. Endd.: 1544.

Footnotes

1 November 13. No. 605.
2 See Nos. 534 and 551
3 See Vol. XVI. No. 799.
4 Hertford and Winchester.
5 Day and year omitted in Epp. Reg.