Henry VIII
August 1545, 6-10


Institute of Historical Research



James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45


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'Henry VIII: August 1545, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2: August-December 1545 (1907), pp. 24-45. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80411 Date accessed: 21 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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August 1545, 6-10

6 Aug.49. The Council in London to the Privy Council.
R. O.Wrote by Watson, 2 Aug., that "upon assurance or otherwise, the master of the hulks would not willingly go to Portesmowth but warlike." Being since commanded by the Privy Council's letters to expedite their going, have eftsoons pressed them; and they will go upon assurance, to which the writers will not consent. Await instruction therein, and touching the English and Flemish pilots for their conduct. The ships are ready. Lincoln Place, 6 Aug. Signed: Rychard Ryche: John Bakere: Rich. Southwell: Robert Sowthwell: Edward North.
P. 1 Add. Endd.: 1545.
6 Aug.50. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O.According to the purport of Paget's former letters, John Carter and 42 of the King's watermen are come to this town, who shall be bestowed as Paget prescribed. Asks whether to allow them anything for their charges in coming. One Mylles who has the paying of the workmen at Sandon Bay in the Isle of Wight desires 500l. to discharge the works there. Is he to pay it? If he does, 2,000l. must be sent hither; for my lord Chamberlain will need 2,000l. and the rest will be little enough for payments here. Portesmouth, 6 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—Remember to take order to send hither 2,000l. more. "I pray you remember Plommes (q. or Plomens?) price."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Aug.51. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O.Returns letters received from him yesterday, which my lord Chamberlain has also seen. Portesmouth, 6 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—At making up this letter, was told "that there is come to Saynt Elyns Poynt iij of their greatest galleys that they have. For what purpose they are come, yet it is not known, unless it be to descry our army."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Aug.52. Russell to the Council.
R. O.A Cattelen ship laden with linen cloth and paper, confessed to be Frenchmen's goods by the master and mariners, [was] taken by a ship of Totnesse, the goods remaining in custody of the mayor of Dartmouthe. As the merchants of Totnesse have been sore charged in setting forth ships to serve the King, Russell eftsoons requires that they may have the said goods, the utterance whereof here would benefit this country. They offer to lay sureties to answer the value of the goods if claimed. Bearer will show the confession and depositions proving them to be Frenchmen's. "Those poor men and mariners do d[ai]ly call upon the merchants for their pay [which]e cannot be holpen without yor Lordshipes good [help in that] behalffe; in consideration whereof, as for the causes before rehearsed, I shall most heartily beseech your Lordshippes to appoint some speedy order therein accordingly." According to your letters, I send the confessions of the parties, as the original of this matter, whereby "you shall know the crafty behaviour of the Spaniards." The hulk with her lading which the Totnesse man took is delivered according to your letters. Written at . . . . . . . . ., 6 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Slightly mutilated. Add. Endd.: 1515.
6 Aug.53. Russell to the Council.
R. O.When in Cornwall, found great lack of powder at the King's castles upon Fawlemouth. Begs them to set order for the furnishing and carriage down of powder; and to give bearer, who is specially appointed therein, a commission for horses. Exetour, 6 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
6 Aug54. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters addressed to Hertford from the Wardens, containing news out of Scotland whereby it seems that the Scots, comforted by the Frenchmen and hoping for a French landing on this coast, are now assembled to repair to the Borders. To encounter their malice Hertford has ordered all three Wardens to be ready with the forces of Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland and the garrisons, has placed all the Spaniards, both horse and foot, at Morpeth and Alnewike, and Muscovit with his 150 Italian footmen within four miles of Berwik, and has the rest of the strangers, horsemen, as the Italians, Albanoyes and Clevoyes here at Newcastell and at Duresme, ready to set forward if needful. Hertford has today sent 1,000 of the Bishopric towards Berwik, which will also be defended by 1,000 from the West Marches and 1,000 from the East and Middle. This puts the King to no extra charge, but all the countries within Hertford's commission are ready upon an hour's warning, in case it be necessary to call a further power out of Yorkshire. It may be that if the French navy does not land on this coast the Scots will scale and retire home. If they lay siege to any frontier piece, or if the French land, money must be provided to levy a suitable army; for of the money lately received only 6,000l. or 7,000l. remains, as will be seen by the treasurer's declaration, to be sent by next post when the Cleyvoyes have been reckoned with. The English garrisons were paid but for 14 days, so that a new pay is now due. We look every day for the pikes and powder for which I wrote to you. Newcastell, 6 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
6 Aug.55. Chapuys to Granvelle.
viii., No. 113.
At leaving Malines on the 20th ult., received the Emperor's letters of the 16th addressed to the Ambassador in England, and has since received a letter from the Ambassador enclosing copy of one to the Emperor to be forwarded to the Queen; but was too ill to do more than look at them. Besides, the Ambassador seems to have managed very cleverly. Now, has letters from the Ambassador dated the 28th and thinks that all will turn out well if the King's temper is humoured. The Emperor might take advantage of the King's suggestion and write to the Ambassador that, even if he might he held to the declaration of war, he trusts in the King's ancient and sincere friendship not to place him in a position which would not benefit England and yet injure him and his Flemish subjects; adding that he begs the King to desist from the demand at present, and so to ratify the agreement made with Paget. Thus, in case of a rupture between the Emperor and France, England could be asked to declare war against France; whereas if the Emperor now roundly declares that he is not bound, England would be given a precedent to do the same. Is glad that the Emperor has consented to give the assistance, and still thinks that not a penny need be disbursed, as some suspension of hostilities may easily be obtained before the end of the six weeks; for the French galleys will be obliged to withdraw, and their ships cannot keep the sea without them. But the Ambassador has omitted to broach one of the most important points, viz., recognition of the Emperor's treaty of peace with France. Spoke to Westminster and Petre about it at Bourbourg, and Paget afterwards wrote to know why the request was made. The Ambassador might as fairly have demanded release of the property claimed by poor Carrion as of other goods detained in England. Perhaps he feared that it might prevent settlement of other claims; but Granvelle might slip into the Emperor's letters to the Ambassador that his Majesty had not pressed Carrion's claim because Westminster and Petre had held out hopes of an agreement.
So far, Chapuys recreation has been to listen to the praises of Granvelle's sons here. Saw them this morning, the first time he has been out for a fortnight. Louvain, 6 Ang. 1545.
6 Aug.56. Charles V. to the Queen of Hungary.
iii. 169.
Supposes that she has received the copy of the letter which his ambassador in England wrote him on the 23rd ult., as the ambassador mentions that he sent it her through the Councillor Eustace Chapuis. It relates what passed with the King and previously with his Chancellor, as well as with the Council and Secretary Paget, touching the release of the arrest of ships, the treating of peace, and the aid because of the invasion made by the French against England; on which three points the English ambassador here has said substantially the same, viz.:—
That his master would willingly make the said release, provided that the like was done in Spain, as he had before offered; and that henceforth navigation might be free, provided that the Emperor's subjects did not carry victuals or other things serving for war to his master's enemies, of which proof could be made by the ship's charter-party (la description qu'ont accoustumé porter naretiers). The answer was that the Emperor had written to his ambassador to grant the release on the part of the Emperor provided that the like was done by England; but as for the other condition he intended that his subjects might everywhere navigate freely, while observing that which shall be touched hereafter as to the furnishing of the aid; he intended that they should not carry victuals or things serving for war to the enemies, and would punish them if they did, but that the English might at will arrest and search ships of his subjects was unreasonable and might cause delay and damage, to the great prejudice of his countries, indeed the stoppage of their navigation. He would write to the Queen of Hungary to instruct his said ambassador therein.
As to the peace, the most substantial point of the English ambassador was that his master did not hear of any definite proposal (n'a entendu que l'on soit venu a quelque particularité) and now when the war was hot he must regard his reputation; he claimed payment of pension and arrears due by the King of France, and also for expenses sustained in the war, but as to these expenses he was content that the Emperor should arbitrate; and Boulogne he did not intend to surrender except for an equivalent. The Emperor answered that he had always desired the peace and offered to mediate therein, but hitherto was no means found of making a beginning; he had written, as the ambassador knew, to his ambassador in England therein, and likewise to France, from whence he had answer only that they would gladly have the peace go forward, provided that Boulogne was surrendered; he intended to regard the King's reputation and act only with the assent of the parties, and, pending his arrival in the Low Countries, had thought of writing to the Queen to despatch [envoys] both to England and France to learn as far as possible what could conduce to the said peace, and to pass from the one to the other, with the advice of his ambassadors resident in those Courts (and their correspondence with the Queen). This the ambassador approved, but thought that the envoys should go at the same time to both kings; which agrees with what the Emperor's ambassador writes. As it is clear that both parties desire peace and the Emperor's mediation therein, and the King of England already declares that he will treat of Boulogne with recompense and, as the ambassador writes, stands solely upon a point of honour not to leave it in face of the enemy, this seems to be the time to move, and for the Queen to send two good personages, one to France and the other to England, together with the ambassadors, to exhort the parties to peace, and report to the Queen and take instructions from her pending the Emperor's coming. Of the lords there only the sieurs de Noirthon, de la Thilloye and Councillor Scepperus seem suitable, for those sent must be agreeable and must be guided by the ambassadors, by whom she shall write letters of credence, mentioning that she has been charged to despatch them, pending the Emperor's arrival, to advance the business; as has been told to the French and English ambassadors here. Cannot see that she can give them any more particular instruction than that it is understood that the Emperor's mediation will be acceptable and, knowing the King of England's will, especially touching Boulogne, to learn what overture the king of France will make, which will be in proportion as he finds himself hindered by this war and the cost of it; then to get the King of England's declaration upon the means and overtures which shall be drawn from France. As the principal difficulty is Boulogne, there seem to be only two points, the one to restore it for recompense, the other to sequestrate it, or the King of England, albeit that he is to take recompense, will wish to hold it for some time after the cessation of the war. Would prefer the first means, even with this last condition, rather than be troubled with the sequestration. It will be necessary, especially at first, to demonstrate the Emperor's singular desire to be of service without pressing either of the parties further than they evidently desire to be persuaded, for otherwise the Emperor might incur the suspicion of both. And also the envoys must look that there is no other private practice between the parties, which might turn to the depreciation of this charge and to the Emperor's prejudice, who will not be long in coming to the Low Countries to continue the negociation.
As to the aid, the ambassador used the same arguments as heretofore; "et ayant regardé (q. regard?) a ses moyens escripts sur ce qu'il a parlé et communicque, tant avec le roy que ceux de son conseil, et a quoy finablement il s'arreste" and that it is apparent that if the Emperor flatly refused the said aid (being definitely asked for it and the invasion having taken place, according to the form of the treaty) the King of England might take occasion to make peace with France to the Emperor's prejudice, besides that it would sound ill to abandon the King of England notwithstanding the treaty, the ambassador was answered that, to show his sincerity, the Emperor would grant the said aid in money (the King having left him the choice, as Secretary Paget had said and the ambassador allowed) and to furnish it from the time covenanted by the treaty, without halting, as he might, at the fact that the points of difficulty at Brussels were not yet cleared, provided that, taking the more substantial of them, which could not be delayed, the King should approve the Emperor's treaty with France and the Emperor's countries enjoy the benefit of the two treaties (that with England being confirmed in all points not contrary to that with France) and all arrests and hindrances to subjects of either side cease, and especially that Renegat restore what he has unjustly taken, as well the gold from the Indies as other things belonging to the Emperor's subjects. The Emperor pointed out that his desire to please the King was evident, since he did not insist (as he might) on the King's acknowledging the treaty (fn. 1) to have been made with his consent, and that it might indeed have been made without that consent in view of the nonobservance and the King's refusal to co-operate in the principal enterprise; and moreover the Emperor was content to suspend the point of the nonobservance so long as he remained the King's friend, which he hoped would be always. The ambassador, who is always rather sharp and precise, answered that it would be impossible for the treaty with England to stand with reservation of that with France in case of any new enmity on the part of either with France, seeing the constraint to make invasion. He was answered that the treaty indeed spoke of invasion and defence. But, as for invasion, the principal enterprise was past, wherein the Emperor had largely fulfilled his bond, and to make any other henceforth was barred by the treaty with France, and he had now no occasion for war and hoped to have none, and also hoped that peace would be made between France and England; and thus that point would be barred altogether, as he had held it to be ever since the treaty of peace, and on that account excused himself from declaring war against France, and the King seems satisfied therewith, seeing that he insists only on the aid. As for defence, the Emperor was content to give it now upon the above conditions, and that it should henceforth be furnished by both sides as occasion occurred, not only against France but against all others. And by this declaration the thing was altogether made clear, omitting invasion and all that concerned it, and standing to the defence and the rest of the articles, which are very proper for the observance of peace and amity—indeed to the King's advantage in several passages, as is true (although this was not said to the ambassador) especially of the general promise of defence from all potentates, ecclesiastical and secular. That the ambassador might not write otherwise or more briefly than above, or in other terms, and also that the Queen might see if anything must be added or diminished, this point was, in speaking with him, referred to what should be written to the Emperor's ambassador in England. In view of the difficulty of furnishing the aid, especially within the time expressed by the treaty, the ambassador was told that the Emperor would give it from the time specified by the treaty, taking the requisition as made now, provided that the difficulties are disposed of and on the conditions abovesaid, presuming that there will be debate upon the conditions, however reasonable, but all delay will be the King's fault. Moreover this practice for peace may cause a suspension of war and give occasion to defer payment of the aid, and that it shall be for little time. It will be necessary to note how this is taken by the French, to explain to them the grant of the said aid, and it seems best to deliver no writing upon this to the English until the said conditions are granted and cleared; and meanwhile to let the French know that the aid has been demanded according to the treaty since the invasion of England, and the Emperor might not well refuse it if the King of England is willing to approve the treaty with France, seeing the express reservation of that with England, but that the Emperor will give it in money, not in men; it will be the more occasion for the French (which the Emperor earnestly desires, in order to be discharged of it) to procure the said peace. And this the Emperor's ambassador resident in France shall say when opportunity offers, and it will also be intimated to those here.
Sends a copy of this to his ambassadors in France and England. Wormes, 6 Aug. 1545.
6 Aug.57. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
viii., No. 114.
Has received his letters of the 24th ult., and thinks he has conducted affairs very cleverly. The English ambassador has addressed the Emperor and received answer, as shown in the copy, herewith, of letters to the Queen. Desires frequent information of what passes and of the war. Worms, 6 Aug. 1645.
6 Aug.58. The Protestants to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 560.
Have sent in embassy to him Ludovicus a Bambach, marshal of Hesse, and Joannes Sleidanus, in the name of their Princes and Lords, with a message in the interest of peace, and beg favourable audience for them. Worms, 6 Aug. 1545.
Subscribed: Legati illustrissimorum Principum et Statuum Imperii in caussa syncerae religionis conjunctorum.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 Aug.59. Granvelle to Jean de St. Mauris.
iii. 178.
You will see by the Emperor's letters and the copy of those to the Queen of France what I have set on foot (enchemyné) touching the peace, to procure it by means of the Queen Dowager of Hungary. I have informed the ambassadors here, who show plainly that their master much desires it. Also I have informed them that the Emperor has consented to my passing by Burgundy, not making a long stay there but hastening my return to him. I have so arranged affairs that my absence will do no harm, but rather, I think, be for the best,—in order that the others may have their turn, to see if they can do better.
* * * * *
Wormes, 6 Aug. '45.
6 Aug.60. Francis duke of Lauenburg to Henry VIII.
R. O.Received Henry's letters credential by John Dymach, and encloses a signed statement of the number of horse and spearmen (quot equitibus doriferisque stipendiariis) whom he could furnish for the King's service. Begs credence for his commissioner, John Schutzen, but will not be bound against the Roman Empire. Dated 6 Aug. 1545. Subscribed: Franciscus Dei Gratia dux Saxoniæ, Engariæ atque Westphaliæ, etc. Signed: Frantz, manu p'p'a.
Lat. Large paper, p. 1. Add. Endd.: The Duke of Saxon.
R. O.2. The conditions under which Francis duke of Sassen Engeren and Westfalen is prepared to serve the King of England for six years with 2,000 horsemen and 4,000 footmen. Ratzeborch, 3 Aug. 1545.
French translation, pp. 4.
7 Aug.61. Suffolk to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i. 806.
Immediately upon perusing Paget's letters, dated Cowdrey, 6th inst., to the lord Admiral, lord Chamberlain and himself, he sent them to the lord Admiral, being on shipboard; and their individual answers go herewith. Paget writes that Suffolk has not given his opinion for the coming hither of Mr. Grymston and Mr. Sandes, to take principal charge of the 2,000 men. Thought that the King wished the lord Chamberlain (after the writer's departure) to have charge of the town and of all that should come for its relief, who being here in his own country is the meetest man for the defence of the town, the victualling of it and the Isle of Wight and the levying of the men "that should come in to defend the same." The said two gentlemen might do good service under him. Desires Paget to advertise the King that, before the lord Admiral's departure (on Wednesday next, (fn. 2) or sooner if possible), this town and haven will be made sufficiently strong; and if the lord Chamberlain is appointed to the defence of this town and country he will, with the help of Sir Richard Le, captain of the town, and the other captains, do good service; so that now when the lord Admiral leaves, Suffolk hopes to be allowed to return to the King's presence.
The lord Admiral, dining with him this Friday, said that he had good hope of the weighing up of the Mary Rose this afternoon or tomorrow. Portesmouth, 7 Aug. 154[5].
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.62. Lisle to Paget.
R. O.By Paget's letter of the 6th it appears that the King would have the book of the names of the ships and captains in another form, placing every captain as appointed when his Majesty placed Peter Carewe to the Mystres, and setting to every ship the name of the captain, although he be dead or gone, with a "titlyngupon the same shippes of such men's names" as seem meet to serve. Desires him to signify to the King that no alteration of captains has been made since his Majesty last appointed them, "saving that Peter Carew, when he perceived that we were like to fight with the French army at their being here, and remembering that he was in a ship able to board one of the greatest of the enemies, and what might be thought in him to forsake such a ship of himself, whereas before he did desire the other, with piteous moan besought me that he might not be shifted out of his ship." Consented, and sent the King word of it by Sir Thomas Clere. The captains therefore remain unchanged, except "such as be gone sick and one (fn. 3) that is dead." As to making a "titlyng" of names, protests that he can remember none in this army meet for that purpose, albeit, doubtless, there are some. To the Arayozia that Sir Robert Stafford was in, intends to place Thomas Abowyn, the King's servant, who was in one of the mean ships of Bristoll, wherein a meaner man may serve. Will place John Wynter (if he amend, being now in an ague) in the Matthew Gonson. The gentleman that was one of the Roodes and made means to serve the King, as Lisle wrote, shall be in the Small Gallye. He is "called a very hardy man and one that hath been brought up in the feat of the sea," and is named Anthony Hussye. Requires a letter under the King's stamp to deliver to him at his coming. The mean ships (viz. those out of the West and the victuallers from London that want captains) must be captained by mean men, as serving men and yeomen. If the King will have one man in charge of all the rowing pieces, as a wing to the army (since Mr. Carewe is so loth to leave the great ship), William Tyrrell is the fittest gentleman in the army, "for he is a man that hath seen the feat of the galleys and is a sure man and a diligent in anything that he is committed unto." And where the King would have James Baker and the other shipwrights here go in hand with the Jennet, the Newe Bark and the bark with salt, Baker has, since the King's departure, declared that he cannot bring them to the King's purpose in a month "for the upper overlopp of the Newe Bark must be clean taken down and the 'price' (prize) in like manner, their overlopps be so near together that men cannot else row in them." If he should begin to alter them, and could not make them ready in time, the want "of such two ships" would weaken the army, which will be ready to depart by Wednesday next. (fn. 4) The Aragozi's mast will be set up this day. My lord Great Master and my lord Chamberlain advance our setting forth.
Desires him to signify to the King that yesterday (being a calm) three French galleys appeared at Saynt Elyns Poynt and one of the boats of Rye had much ado to escape them, they following her "almost against Saint Helynes Havon"; but the Mystres, the Anne Gallaunt, the Greyhound and the Fawcon "canvassed them away again." Supposes that they came to escry the order kept here and saw more sails than at their last being here. Fears only that when their Admiral hears the news he will not tarry in the Narrow Seas. If he do, there may be a better account made of him than he has yet made to his master. Portesmouth, 7 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 Aug.63. Russell to Paget.
R. O.Thanks for his letters of the 6th., about the French navy between Dovar and Bulloigne and "the King's preparation towards them this next week by my lord Admiral, with the determination for the Frenchmen before Bulloigne by my lord of Surreye; Almighty God defend them both." Is glad that some of the Western ships have reached Portesmouth. Has had great ado to set them forth, chiefly for lack of mariners, of which he has sundry times advertised the Council. Trusts that the King will soon have 30 more ships out of these parts; and lays wait everywhere for mariners. The Frenchmen, having sustained such losses by these parts, have been looked for here. Supposes that they "hobby about for some other purpose," but if they come they will be received to their pains. "I understand the good cheer you have had at Cowdreye, where I doubt not but that you have found the Mr. of the Horse a man most unreasonable and as one whose words and deeds do not agree together (for he will speak in such kind of fare more than I am sure he hath performed) and one that will blame every man for that fault and yet will do worse himself. I would he were here, where he should have want both of good meat and drink." Excetour, 7 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
7 Aug.64. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters which Hertford received this morning from the Warden of the East Marches, showing that their neighbours "wax somewhat hot." Require him to remember their furniture with money, and to accelerate hither the pikes and powder. If the King would send 100 demilances' harness and 200 demilances' staves, men and horses could be found here to "occupy" them. Newcastell, 7 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.65. Carne to Paget.
R. O.Here are no occurrents more than he wrote in his letters of the 3rd, sent to Mr. Vachan to be forwarded from Andwarpe to the Deputy of Calais, of which he sends copy herewith, in case the other arrives not so soon as this. Bearer can relate occurrents in the Emperor's court. Hears say "that King of Romans's wife is departed. (fn. 5) " Bruxells, 7 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.66. Thomas Lytmaker to Paget.
R. O.Begs him to inform the King that the writer is still here, very ill and unable to be with his men and horses, which however he has hastened and most of them are already at Calleys and the rest are in Flanders on the way thither. They are in all 1,000 horse. Has written to the duke of Suffolk to have them viewed; and sends bearer, Hans van Marlar, for l,000l. to give them at Calleis for their entertainment. Begs that his horses which he has in Scotland (en Eschose) may come to this side to join the rest, as he cannot serve in two places. Antwerp, 7 Aug. 1545. Signed.
French, p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.67. City of Hamburg to Henry VIII.
R. O.Have answered the demands with which he sent John Dymmocke in a way which they hope will please, for they desire to do him service. "Datae sub nostrae civitatis secreto, die septimo mensis Augusti, anno mdxlv. Vestrae Regiae Matis Obsequentissimi, Consules Senatoresque Civitatis Hamburgensis."
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Seal lost. Add.
R. O.2. The city of Hamburg's answer to John Dymmock, commissary of the King of England (with thanks for the King's goodwill and a prayer to God for peace between the two most powerful monarchs of the Christian name) upon the five points of the King's message. 1. As to the 2,000 talents of English money payable upon the letters of the seniors of the college of the German Hanse resident in England, the Commissary only asked for 300 talents and might doubtless have had more if required. 2. Have forbidden ships of over 200 lasts to sail into France without first obtaining the French king's pledge that they will not be used against England, and also forbid the sending of victuals, &c., into France. 3. As the Commissary knows, the Scots have ceased trade with this city because of certain grievances, but if, during the war, any return hither they shall know the city's friendship to England. 4. As to transport of the 2,000 footmen, the Senate knew, by the dispersal of the men, that the command was altered, but they cannot conceal that the Emperor, this summer, forbade that anyone should suffer soldiers to go out of Germany to foreign monarchs; which order was sent to them by the abp. of Mayence, as primate of Germany and first prince of the province of Saxony, and was publicly proclaimed and also intimated to Peter of Gelders and other captains. Will give the Commissary a copy. Although Hamburg, like other cities of the German Hanse, has privileges, it could not break such a solemn decree. Have always refused to allow the sending of soldiers from their port; for, as the Commissary knows, the assembling of soldiers on this side the Elbe is inconvenient. The port of the Countess of East Friesland, who is said to be at war with the Scots, is much more suitable for that purpose. 5. As to ships for next year, they hope that, peace intervening, their help will not be needed.
Trusts that the Commissary will assure the King of their desire to serve him. "Datae sub nostrae civitatis appresso signeto," 7 Aug. 1545. Sealed.
Lat., pp. 6. Endd.: Thaunswerof them of Hamburgh to Dymmocke.
7 Aug.68. J. Dymock to Wriothesley.
R. O.Was sent to Breame, Hamborow and Lubecke for ships to convey over the Bastard of Gelders' 2,000 men. The full number of 3,000 was once together, gathered for the duke of Maykelborow, for a purpose which failed, and handed over to Peter van Gelders, but they were scattered before Dymock arrived. Of the 2,000l. st. appointed by the merchants of the Stylyard, has taken up only 320l. st.; whereof the duke of Lowenberghe has 295l., and Tapehoren, muster clerk for all the King's Almains, 25l. Gave a bill of exchange for the 320l. payable three days after sight. Even if the men had been ready the ships could not have been had, for the three towns had promised to "sit as neuter," French ambassadors having been twice with them before the King sent, and there is a commandment of the Emperor, sent from Wormes, to the contrary. The only course is to provide, first victuals, then ships, and lastly men, and to keep the money in the chest until the men are ready to go. Wishes that the King and his Council were not so quick in believing every man that comes; for to rule Almains a nobleman who sets by his house and blood is necessary, and no money should be given until they are ready to march. I hear that one Federicke Rypenboerghe has received a deal of money to take up 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, who has sent a letter to me to help him to Peter of Gelders' men. In England Rypenberghe pretended that he had all his men ready, and now he makes one assembly at Mense upon the Ryen and another at Breame, and the lords of the soil between will not, "for Peter of Gelders' sake," suffer the two companies to join. It is strange that upon a letter of the Lanchegrave, your lordships put 8,000l. or 10,000l. in such a mean man's hands. It is a small matter for a nobleman to grant a letter in favour of a mean man; to get that letter accepted is a great matter. "Write you and all the rest of the lords of the King's Council, to Landegrave or the Emperor in favour of any lord in England, unless you do bind yourselves for the payment, whosoever has the letter gets it not." Marvels, as he has written to the Secretary, that the King does not send for the two old men of war to whom he gives annual pensions, Her Berent van Melant and the "eurell Heydocke," men who "dyde helpe the ducke of Bronsewicke of hys contre in a short space." Hamborow, 7 Aug. 1545.
The friends of the men who shall receive this money desire favour for a ship which has served the King for a year and more. Her wages are small and she is entered at smaller burthen than she bears, and yet the wages are scant paid. They would sell her to the King, or else have her discharged or her wages amended.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.69. John Dymocke to Paget.
R. O.Has, since departing from Andwerppe, sent Paget three letters and only had one from him, dated 8 July and received at Lubecke, 30 July, by post from Breame. Did not, as therein ordered, convey the Bastard of Gelders' 2,000 men to Calys; for his instructions were to embark them if he could get shipping in any of the three towns, and, as he has twice written, they dispersed, for lack of meat and money, two days before he reached Breame, on the 14th or 15th of July, and lay scattered in the earl of Beynton's land, where he would not for l,000l. have met them. On delivering his letters and message to the lords of Breame, learnt that no ships were to be had; and was then in worse case than ever, having daily 20 captains and 80 or 100 soldiers attending upon him, the captains "crawinge for monye" (one of them had spent 1,200 gyldons) and the soldiers swearing that they would have money, so that he was fain to tell them that he had money at Hamborow if he might have shipping, and to give some of them money. They were most willing to serve, but, when they were all together they were never above 3,000, of whom not a third part had weapons and only 67 had harness; and yet they put all the Low Countries in fear. Has thus learnt how "one should put his privy enemy to a great displeasure with a few men in number, having aid of 1,000 horsemen, or at the most 1,500 horsemen, for to help the footmen." For all his good words, the men of war reviled him, saying that the King was served of false knaves like Petter van Gelder whilst honest captains and noble men could get no audience. Was warned by the lords of Breame to go strong, as the soldiers lay in wait for him, and if taken he "must have paid for the Bastard's faults"; and on the Thursday went towards Hamborow accompanied with 40 of Lietmaker's horse, whose charges he had to pay.
Arrived at Hamborow, 25 July, and delivered his letter and message to the lords of the city; but perceived that he should get no shipping for 2,000 men, and therefore would make no new assembly of men. The men of war still followed him, sometimes with fair words and sometimes with cursing. The lords of Hamborow desired respite to answer the King's letter and articles until his return from Lubeck; "but in anywise they would not consent that Diricke Gylbert, whose name is Rychemont, had had any manner of grant of them concerning of any ships, or any other things but for Nicholas Dyckhoffes matter, for, if they had, no doubt, they say that some things should not have passed which is passed; for the Frenchmen have been at Hamborow and the other two cities twice, at sundry times, and have obtained that none of the cities shall do anything but to remain neuter on both parts, which thing they would not have condescended unto if that the King's Majesty had either written or sent; yet, notwithstanding, they will do all things which shall be to content his Majesty with, saving to suffer the embarking of those 2,000 men of war." Enquired what manner of man the Duke of Lowenborech was and learnt that he was highly connected and could make many men, but had little money, and yet had fed Petter of Geldres's men for 18 or 20 days.
Departed towards Lubeck on 28 July with a wagon and 16 horsemen, which were necessary, as Thaphorn can declare. Both the Duke of Lowenborow's men continually accompanied him; and, four leagues from Hamborow, he was met by the Duke's marshal with an oration of welcome, as though he had been a prince, and led to a hunting house called Steenhorste, where the Duke himself arrived, about 7 o'clock, with 20 horses and two wagons, and bade him welcome with ceremonies enough for a king. The Duke would not have him deliver the King's letter that night, but insisted on his making merry, and supper lasted from 8 p.m. till 3 a.m. Next morning, about 8 o'clock, two gentlemen brought him to the Duke, and he delivered the letter. After consulting for two hours, the Duke sent his marshal to say that he would send 300 horsemen, by twenty and forty, to Calys on receiving a bill of entertainment and money. Answered that he had no money, for the Duke's man had asked for none and had offered 500 horses without pay until they reached Calys. The Duke was not content and said "Methinks somewhat more I ought to have than such naughty lewd persons have as Edel Voleff and Bockeholt, which have had King's money and shall not be able to serve, which be not worthy to come in place whereas any honest man is." The Bastard had told him that commissioners were come to Andwerppe with letters of entertainment for 500 horse and 8,000 foot, and he had reckoned to have in wages 500 horse and 4,000 foot, and for that cause sent his two servants into England. Answered that the King was deceived by the Bastard and had sent the writer to learn the truth. The Duke then said that he would prepare answer in writing against Dymocke's return from Lubeck, and would prepare his 300 horse, and Dymock should help him with money. Dined with him and met divers tall gentlemen "like men of war." The Duke is 27 years old and has sisters married to the Kings of Denmarke and Swede and the earl of Oweldenborch, and has himself married Duke Morys of Sacxson's sister. The bp. of Breame is his mother's brother. He is thus able to bring many men; but has little money, "as most part of the dukes have in this country, for he is a great spender." Promised to come homewards by a house of the Duke's called Rasenborech, to get the answer in writing. Came to Lubeck on 29 July, and on 1 August received the town's answer to the articles and a letter, both sealed. They agree to the King's requests, save for the ships for this 2,000 footmen, "because of a commandment sent to all the stedes by th'Emperour from Wormes since Whitsunday last past, whereof I shall have the copy." Came the same night to Rosenborech castle where he had such a supper, and next day such a dinner, as he would not be at again "for no money, so much meat and so much drink," as Taphoren will declare. The Duke has made his answer in writing, promising to serve for six years with 2,000 horsemen and 4,000 footmen, and to get ships for 2,000 men, &c.; and Dymocke could not dissuade him from sending his Chancellor therewith. The Duke's Council pressed for one month's wages in hand for the 300; and finally the Duke himself spoke for it, and Dymocke, fearing the sight of "so many grim fellows about him," agreed to lend 1,800 Philippus gilderns. Until the King makes such a nobleman as the Duke governor of his men of war he will never be well served. Tapehoren can declare everything, and how wise men say that Fedryge Rybenberghe has money for 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, whereas such money were fitter for the Lantgrave of Hasse or Duke Morys of Saxkes or this Duke of Lowengberghe; and Fedryge van Rypenberghe has asked this Duke for Petter of Gelders' men, and cannot keep his promise to make one assembly about Meuse and another at Breame, for he could never bring the two companies together. Tapehoren knows all their "sowtyll knacks" and therefore is not well beloved among them, but he is a good servant. Marvels that all this time the Council have not remembered Berent van Melant and the earl of Hadicke, who have yearly pensions of the King and could do in two or three months what has now lasted almost two years. "Thys ar the captayns wch dyde helpe the ducke of Bruynsewyk to be dryven owet of hys contrye. I wolde to God I wher at home, I wold better declare hytt be mowthe then I can writte hyt, for I do perseve that the K's Mate ys bowecghet and sold amongeste a great manye of fals harlots wch dosse take hys graces monye and do lawech hys grace to scoren; and also lewdelye do they reporte of hym, wch thynge dosse greve me; but I praye yow do geve eare to Tapehoren. He woll declare by mowth what that a dosse heare."
Encloses the price of such victuals as may be bought after Michaelmas. The lords here agree to all things and will say within three days how many ships they can supply next year, but they will not write it for fear of the Emperor and French king. Has taken up, of the 2,000l. st., 320l., whereof the Duke has about 295l. st. and the rest is gone in Dymocke's charges and Tapehoren's, whom he met at Breame without money. Has been in great danger, and "geve that Thaphoren hade byn take, ther hade byn no remedye but death; and muche by the helpe of the Bastarde of Gelders, wch ys stylle at Breame and dare not goe abrode."
The men of Lubeck spoke of a great ship (fn. 6) which was lost last winter, and for which they were promised recompense. Four merchants of Hamborow have also been with him about a ship which served the King. The master's name is Alard Fryesse, and the owners are Dirick Berghen, Hans Elderendorpe, Mathys Wagetken and Markus Oftra. They desire to have the ship's wages, or else that the King would buy the ship. Written in haste, 7 Aug. 1545.
Would come home, but awaits the answer of the town of Breame, and also answer to his letters to Paget. Gave Tapehoren 25l. st., for which he should account, for he has spent nothing since he and his two men joined the writer.
At their last departure from the Duke of Lowenborghe they had an escort of 20 horsemen and two wagons, "and hade above iiijxx schote, great gones and small, owet of hys castell." Begs favour for "one John Slumer wch Tapehoren dosse brynge wth hym, for hyt ys a tall man a dyde laboure for one Courte Penyncke no more but a maye be in wages amongeste Fredericke Rypenberge, for the man has take payen here amongeste the lancheknecghts wth the sayed Taphoren, for Petter of Gelder hade promeste thys selfe man to have byn provoste of hys twooe thowsand men geve that they hade goen forward, as now they do not."
Hol., pp. 10. Add. Endd.
7 Aug.70. St. Mauris to Covos.
viii., No. 119.
Wrote him a long letter recently by the Portuguese ambassador's man. Has since received his of 17 July and informed this King of the death of the Princess. The King said he regretted the sorrow to the Emperor and Prince, but repeated several times that as this misfortune came by the will of God it should be turned to some good account. The Admiral is in Boulogne roads between Calais, Boulogne and Dover, preventing access to Boulogne, as the English dare not face the French fleet. The Emperor is to leave Worms on the 10th inst. Caudebec, 7 Aug. 1545.
*** A modern transcript is in B.M., Add. MS. 28,594 f. 168. Fr. p. 1.
4 to 8 Aug.71. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 225.
Meetings at Cowdrey, 4 Aug., and at Petworth, 6 and 7 Aug. Present: Essex, Master of the Horse, Wingfield Paget, Petre. No business recorded.
Meeting at Petworth, 8 Aug, Present: Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to Mr. Winter to content a Spaniard for the hire of his ship La Santa Barbe. Letter to my lord of Suffolk to repair to Cowdrey on Monday next (fn. 7) and thence with Winchester and Paget to Court, leaving his charge at Portsmouth to my lord Chamberlain. Letter to the Council at London to send to Dover 264l. for wages of Spaniards under one Alexandre due on the 10th inst., and 114l. due for transportation of soldiers.
8 Aug.72. The St. Christopher of Dantzic.
Lansd. MS.
f. 313b.
B. M.
Notarial instrument witnessing the sale to the King of the ship St. Christopher of Dantzic now anchored in the Thames at Blackewall, for 550l. st., made Saturday, 8 Aug. 1545, 37 Hen. VIII., by Hans Martinbecke, owner and master of the said ship, at the interpretation of Wm. Watson, merchant, in presence of Sir Ric. Riche, Sir John Baker, Sir Edw. Northe, Sir Robt. Southewell and Sir Ric. Southwell, the King's councillors, and Anthony Huse, chief of the Court of Admiralty, in the bp. of Lincoln's house in the suburbs of London.
Lat. Modern copy, pp. 2.
8 Aug.73. Riche and Others to Sir John Williams.
R. O.We require you to deliver to George Luse 13l. 6s. 8d., and at your repair to us to Lyncoln Place we shall see you repaid. Lyncoln Place, 8 Aug. 1545. Signed; Rychard Ryche: John Bakere: Edward North: Robert Sowthwell.
Subscribed with receipt for the above, signed "per me George Lucy."
P. 1. With later directions to Williams to obtain allowance of the money, apparently dated 27 April. Endd.: George Lucy, of the county of Leic.
8 Aug.74. Vaughan to Chr. Haller.
R. O.Encloses letters from England received yesterday showing that the King accepts Haller's offer. Because those of his lodging say that he will not soon return, sends bearer, by whom he desires him to write an answer. Desires him also to answer the letters of the King's council; and to come hither himself to conclude, for the messenger must be sent back, who came from England in all haste. Antwerp, 8 Aug. 1544 (sic). Signed: Steph'us Vaughan.
French, p. 1. Add.: A mon treschier et bien bon amy, le Sr. Xpofle Haller, marchant.
8 Aug.75. The Duke of Lauenburg to Henry VIII.
R. O.Cannot refuse to write in favour of Thomas von Ellingen that he, with Henry's commission, as instructed by Junker Peter von Gellern, helped to assemble the most part of the lansknechts and keep them together seven weeks at great cost, as he will himself declare. "Geben uf unserm schlos Lawmburgk den 8 tag Augusti anno 1545." Subscribed: Von Gots gnaden, Frantz hertzog zu Sachssen, Engeren und Westphalen, &c.
German. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: The duke of Lowenburgh.
ii. Memorandum in another hand, enclosed in the preceding, testifying that Loretz Marssaw and George von Rode likewise did diligent service in assembling men for Junker Peter of Gelders.
German, p. 1.
8 Aug.76. The Duke of Florence to Sir Brian Tuke.
R. O.Read with pleasure his letters about the affair of the money and acknowledges his kindness. Has, as the documents show, ratified the agreement made between him and Fortino, as the best way of thanking the King; and moreover has commanded Fortino to pay him, in the King's name, a double pension, namely, 4,000 of gold. It had never been to be paid now but for the intolerable expense of the wars to his state and to all Italy. "Reliqum (sic) illud est quod abs te non solum petamus sed vehementius etiam efflagitemus, ut notum illud n'r'm de vestratibus equis ad nos transportandis, nisi hoc tempore expletum fuerit, ea quia plurimum vales gratia, diligentia, authoritate, apud Regem ceterosque qui ei rei presunt, juves ita, ut assequamur." Datum in palatio nostro Podii Cajani, die octava Augusti MDXLVo.
Lat. Copy, pp. 2. Endd.: A copy of the Duke of Florence l'r wretun to Sr Brian Tuke.
R. O.2. Notarial attestation of the confirmation, 8 Aug. 1545, by Cosmus Medices, duke of Florence, D. Franciscus Antonius Francisci de Noris, his lieutenant, D. Christophorus Bernardi de Rayneriis, and three others (named), his counsellors, and 20 others (named) members of the Council of Forty-eight, of an agreement (described) made 30 June last, by their proctor Barth. Cherubini de Fortinis (authorised thereto 10 April last), with Henry VIII., for the payment at London of 60,000 florins of gold in 30 years at 2,000 fl. a year, the first payment to be made on 10 July 1546.
Lat. Copy, large paper, p. 1. Endd.: Copie of the contracte.
8 Aug.77. The Queen of Hungary to M. de St. Mauris.
iii. 180.
By the copy (herewith) of the Emperor's letters he will learn that she is charged to send a personage to exhort the French king to peace with England. Meanwhile he must feel the inclination of the King and principal ministers. Bruxelles, 8 Aug. 1545.
8 Aug.78. Venice.
No. 344.
Motion passed in Council of Ten to surround the house entered by armed men who last night assaulted Zuan della Moneda, captain of the boats of the Council, and arrest all found therein; summoning Ludovico da l'Armi, if there, to appear before the Council tomorrow.
9 Aug.79. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 225.
Meeting at Petworth, 9 Aug. Present: Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horses, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—"Letters to my lords of Yorcke and Cantorbery (fn. 8) to take order in their provinces for general processions to be sung in the English tongue." Warrant to Michael David to deliver Wm. Cantwell, Irishman, 3l. 12s. 10d. to make him a coat of the King's livery. Letter to my lord of Ormonde and the bp. of Ossorye to restore Cantwell to his livings in co. Kilkenny, held by letters patent, whereof while at school at Oxford he was unjustly dispossessed. Letter to the Council of Ireland signifying that the King had received Cantwell into his service and allowed him 12d. a day and 6d. for his servant, payable by the Exchequer in Ireland. Letter to my lord of Surrey appointed to lead 5,000 men over sea to wait further order. Letter to the Council of London to send to Dover a fortnight's wages for the men to pass over from thence; and letter to my lord Warden and Mr. Seymour declaring this. Letter of thanks to my lord Admiral for his forwardness, but willing him to stay his going abroad until further order. Warrant to Mr. Carew to deliver upon bills signed by Winchester, Gage, Rous and Ryther for provisions for the North l,096l. 13s.
9 Aug.80. The Council in London to the Privy Council.
R. O.The effect of your letters received this [Sunday] morning at 9 o'clock for the sending of 2[6]4l. to Sir Thos. Ch [eyney] and Sir Thomas Seymour for the Span[yards'] wages for one month ending about the 10th inst., and 114l. due to certain Flemings for transporting 2,600 soldiers, shall be with all diligence executed. The money for the duke of Norfolk was upon sight of your letters despatched and is paid "a[nd] the . . . . . . . aftre o[ur] expectation redye to retourne." The two ships (fn. 9) for which you lately wrote will be ready to set out in 10 or 12 days. Lincoln Place, betwixt 9 and 10 a.m., 9 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII. Signed: Rychard Ryche: John Bakere: Edward North: Ric. Southwell: Robert Sowthwell.
P. 1. Slightly mutilated Add.
9 Aug.81. Lisle and St. John to Paget.
R. O.This day the Italians who had the weighing of the Mary Roos signify that, by the method they have followed they cannot recover her and have broken her foremast. They came to declare this to my lord Great Master, but he had already departed hence. Now they ask six days' proof to try dragging her into "shallow ground." The great hulks which have been occupied about weighing her cannot well be spared out of the army; and, yet, considering the importance of the ship and the goodly ordnance that is in her, the lord Admiral has appointed the two hulks which were stayed to go forth with the fleet to serve towards recovering her, for, to be of use in the army, they "must have sparre deckes and wast nettyng with pourtes cut," to finish which will take longer than was thought. The lord Admiral stays returning the book of the ships with the captains' names until he has word again of the King's pleasure for placing one captain or two to the charge of the rowing pieces. Portesmouth, 9 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Aug.82. Lisle to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., i. 808.
Perceives by Paget's letters received this morning the King's pleasure for the setting forward of the navy towards the Narrow Seas where the Frenchmen "triumph." Lying here doing no service has seemed like imprisonment. Will leave on Tuesday (fn. 10) if the wind serves. Yesternight one of the three boats of Rye which he sent to the French coast returned. Describes her report—how, crossing over on Tuesday night, she was off Dieppe on Thursday (fn. 11) and about noon heard a great peal of guns in Dieppe road; how next night she passed the Seane Hedd and saw six great ships, one of them as large as any ship in this army except the Harry, lying within the point, and outside the foreland (fn. 12) at least a hundred sail. This boat is one of the best of Rye, and her owner and captain, Andrew Kyrke, a man whose report is to be trusted. Apparently the French are retired, either to victual or to lay up. Would know the King's pleasure as to passing along the French coast towards the Narrow Seas, for, meeting the French, divided as they seem to be, they could "have some sport with them." As to the King's wish to have two captains and leaders of his rowing pieces, gives reasons against a dual leadership.
By other letters sent this morning to the lord Great Master it appears that the King desires the writer's opinion as to what the enemy might do to annoy the entry of Bolleyn haven. The Old Man beats the hill side over against the haven and overlooks it, and the hill is too steep to trench; so that he thinks they cannot fortify themselves there. Against. Base Bolleyn, in the village called Oultre Eaue, stands a gentleman's house where a fortress might be made to beat the inside of the haven and Base Bolleyn, and there they might work with less danger, for it is without the level of any culverin, and make it unsafe for a vessel to abide in the haven. Portsmouth, 9 Aug.
Hol., pp.7. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Aug.83. Russell to Paget.
R. O.Understands by Paget's letters of the 7th, received this day at 7 a.m., that he should take mariners and ordnance from the small vessels here to furnish the two hulks of which he certified the Council. All the vessels named in the docket he sent are already gone towards Portesmouth; and as for the two hulks, of which the mayor of Dartmouth advertised him, when he wrote to the mayor to entertain them, he received answer again that, contrary to expectation, they had not come into that haven. The ships from these parts will be with the lord Admiral this night or on Monday next, save two out of Cornwall, which are now victualling in Dartmouth in all haste. Asks whether any of the hulks now in the Bay shall be stayed when they come home. Will continue rigging and preparing ships until he hears again from Paget. Sends herewith a letter to the lord Admiral, to know how many Western ships repair to him; so that if any slip away "to their own adventure," they may be punished at their return. Excetour, 9 Aug. 10 a.m. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Aug.84. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.I have received the King's letters to the Emperor, letters to Mr. Wotton and my instructions, with the copy of the letters to the Emperor, "which escaped narrowly the Frenchmen that triumpheth with their galleys (God send them a fall!) and arrived here with Mr. Buckeler's servant on Monday (fn. 13) at night last." By the same messenger, a letter from Dr. Barnarde signified that he would be at Dover within a day or two, tarrying only for receipt of my diets; but I think that he dare not take passage because of the galleys. Francisco is passed and landed in Flanders. It is weary lying here idle as I was at Burborow. Pray excuse my long tarrying here to the King. Cales, 9 Aug.
"I intend to lie at Marke, for the plague is now hot here. William Hunnynges' brother arrived here with letters yesterday from Mr. Wotton, and should have taken passage the same night, but the wind calmed so that the mariners durst not adventure."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1545.
9 Aug.85. The Magistrates of Antwerp to Paget.
R. O.Inform him that they formerly wrote to Dominus Franciscus Dilfius, the Emperor's ambassador in England, in favour of Dominus Guilhelmus Tomss., chaplain in the church of St. Mary the Virgin here, who is imprisoned there for sending letters to Scotland to the King's prejudice. The truth is that two English Minorites or Franciscans, (fn. 14) who were then residing here, begged him, as he had acqaintance with Scots, to send a letter surely into Scotland, which he did, thinking it a private letter, and never suspecting the said Minorites of meddling with the King's affairs. Beg Paget to procure his release. Antwerp, 9 Aug. 1545. Subscribed: Civium Magistri, Scabini et Consules Civitatis Antwerpie Ducatus Brabantie.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
9 Aug.86. Goyddert (?) Van Boycholtz to Paget.
R. O.Speaks of having received two letters which he has executed, in trust that money would have been forwarded to him according to the act sealed by the King. Sent about this business James van Arendt (?), castellan of Bornhem, to Paget with credence and further writings, but is yet without an answer, to his great injury, for he has not only made sure of the 500 horse which he was commissioned to raise, but has pledged himself for the 2,000 horse, as Paget will understand from Frederick van Ryffenberch and Lucas. Is much disappointed that another will have the horse at his command which since Lent he has kept for the King at so great cost, never doubting that if the King wished for more, either of foot or horse, he would be honoured for his past services.
Has sent Guntfalck (?) to the Commissaries at Antwerp with credence and sealed quittances to take up 1,000 cr. of the sun for necessaries; but they have no word, and he sends the above James to Paget to get 2,000 dollars on his behalf to deliver to the factors of the Rynckhen. Begs Paget still to do his best for him and get him the money according to the King's sealed warrant. "Datum uff Sant Lurrentz Avent" (St. Laurence Eve), "anno &c. 45."
German, pp. 3. Add. Endd.: Buckholt to Mr. Secr. Mr. Paget, Augt. 1545. The German is provincial and the spelling very peculiar.
9 Aug.87. Hertford to Paget.
R. O.Sends letters received from the Warden of the East Marches and from John Man, with a "dissegno (as he calleth it) of the new wall made where the breach was in the castle at Warke." It appears that our neighbours draw near the Borders. Within two days we shall know what they intend. Berwick and Warke are thoroughly furnished for a month, so that the enemies shall have a displeasant welcome. Newcastell, 9 Aug., within night, 1545.
P.S.—At closing this, received letters (herewith) from the Warden of the Middle Marches and from John Man, showing that our neighbours draw still nearer to the Borders.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Aug.88. The Navy.
R. O.
St. P., i. 810.
List of the fleet, showing in columns the captains, ships, tonnage and men. (fn. 15) The captains and ships are:—
"For the vauwarde"—Admiral Sir Thomas Clere: Aragozia of Hampton. John Seinctclier: Jhesus of Lubick. Thos. Bell (altered from Abowen): Sampson. Thos. Fraunces: Morian of Dansick. John Chichester: Struce of Dansick. Sir John Luttrell: Mary of Hambrough. Thos. Sherborn: Gallion of Hambrough. Thos. Hennege: Trickill of Dansick. Thos. Breston: Spaniard Deva. John Elyott: Harry of Bristoll. Alex. Carvanian: Trinitie Carliun. Wm. Butler: Margaret of Bristoll. Robt. Renneger: Trinitie Renneger. Geoff. Vaughan: Christopher Bennett. Wm. Courtney: Mary James. Thos. Gye: Thomas Tiphyn (altered from Mawdelen). Thos. Robertes: Mary George of Rye. Edw. Treford: Evangelist Norton. Jas. Parker: Trinitie Smyth. Thos. Cheynye: Peter of Lowestof. John Cutte: Pilgrym of Dertmouth. Wm. Raunger: George Brigges. Jas. Spencer: Thomas Mawdelen. John Merick: The Lartigoe. Total 24 ships, 3,800 men.
"For the battaill":—The lord Admiral: Henry Grace a Dieu. Peter Carewe: Greate Veneizian. Sir John Clere: Peter Pomgarnarde. Lord Clynton: Pauncye. Gawen Carewe: Matthew Gonson. Thomas Apowen: Aragozia of London. Thos. Wyndam: Greate Gallye. Roger Basyng: Lesse Gallye. Clement Paston: Pellican of Dansick. Sir George Cornewall: Swepestake. Arthur Wynter: Saviour of Bristoll. Thos. Coten: Minion. Morgan Mathewe: Sallamaunder. Andrew Dudley: Swallowe. Ric. Brooke: Unicorne. Edm. Hussye: Newe Bark. Baldwin Willoughbye: Jennet. Gilbert Grice: Anne Lisle. Ric. Greye: Fawcon Lisle. Thos. Boyes: Evangelist Judd. Auncell Gyes: Dragon. Dunstan Nudigate: Lyons (fn. 16) John Wallwyn: Trinitie of Totnes. Thos. Fletcher: Julian of Dertmouth. Matth. Hull: Nicholas of Dertmouth. John Chrocher: Mary Marten. Thos. Roodes: Mary Fortune. Wm. Dryver: Mawdalen Dryver. John Renneger: Galigoe Renneger. John Toppe: Mary Katheryn of London. Wm. Baker: Mary and John. Wm. Lee: Marten Bullye. Thos. Hudston: Mary Fortune of Lowestof. Fras. Barney: Mary Bullern. Hen. Goldyng: James of London. Wm. Harman: Mighell of Newcastle. Ant. Dogate: Trinitie of Foye. Jas. Spicer: Marlion Russell. Wm. Candish: Mary of Grenewich. John Calerde: George of Falmouth. Total ships 40, men 6,846.
"For the wyng" (galliasses and "shalupes" with oars):—Admiral William Tyrrell: Grannd Mystres. Viceadmiral Robert Legge: Anne Gallaunt. Edw. Joones: Gally Subtill. Wm. Broke: Greyhound. Thos. Hardyng: Fawcon. Wm. Haull: Hynd. John Burley: Sakre. Ric. Fletcher: Marlion. Edw. Woulf: Phenix Hertford. (fn. 17) John Basyng: Brigendyne. Thos. Hutton: Hare. Walter Solye: Roo. Wm. Bell: Lesse Pynnes.
Boats of Rye:—Andrew Church: George. Wm. Blakye: Mawdalen. Black Jonson: Jhesus. John Bredes: James. Jas. Jonson: Mary George. David North: Trinitie. John Emerye: Mary James Fletcher.
Luke Lambarde: Unicorn of Poole. Ric. Myller: Gallion of Lyme. Geo. Stuckley: George of Totness. Giles Calawey: George of Ditsam. Thos. Nycoll: Fawcon of Plymmouth. Chr. Stoughton: Renneger's Pynnes. John Peers: Pikpurce. Robt. Austyn: Redbrest. Wm. Graye: Grey of Lowestof. Walter Hollyes: Hackney of Plymmouth. Leonard Willes: Figge of Plymmouth. Wm. Stephen: Mary Wynter of Plymmouth. Thos. Gooddale: George of Dertmouth. Thos. Hollyes: Mary of Fowye. Thos. Cock: James of Foye. Ric. Whyte: George of Truroe. Thos. Even: Katheryn Whyte of Lowe. David Lloyd: Sholder of Moton. Oliver Burton: Mary of Hastinges. Thos. Norres: Cakaphogo (substituted for George of Falmouth). Total "galliasses, shalupes and boates of warr for the wyng" 40, men 2,092.
ii. "The order for the said fleet, taken by the lord Admiral," 10 Aug. 1545, viz., eleven numbered articles showing how the ships shall anchor or attack the enemy and what ensigns and lights shall distinguish the flagships, the eleventh article being "The watchword in the night shall be thus 'God save King Henrye': the other shall answer 'And long to reign over us.'"
Pp. 9. Endd.: The names of the shippes wth ther capitaignes.
10 Aug.89. The Council to Cranmer.
I. 185.
(From C's.
The King has provided for the safety of his realm and prepared, against Wednesday (fn. 18) next at furthest, such a puissant navy as has not been assembled within the remembrance of man; but, as victories come only at the appointment of God, he has devised to have processions throughout the realm, and requires your Lordship to take order that these processions may be "kept continually upon the accustomed days, and none otherwise, and sung or said, as the number of the choir shall serve for the same, in the English tongue." Petworth, 10 Aug. Signed by Essex, Winchester, Browne and Paget.
10 Aug.90. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 120
From this place, where the King has been staying three days, was just starting on a pleasure trip with Winchester and Paget to the house of the Master of the Horse, (fn. 19) when the King sent word that a servant who purchases harquebusses for him in Italy consigned 408 to his servant Pedro Paulo Bezana at Antwerp, packed as barrels of sugar, and they had been confiscated by the director of the custom house; the King had the Emperor's permission to transport such harquebusses secretly, that the French might not know it, and 3,000 had already passed as sugar; he desired her to give instructions for restitution of those now seized, and passage for 5,000 more. Petworth, 10 Aug. 1545.
10. Aug.91. Carne to Paget.
R. O.On the 8th inst. Mr. Chambrelayn sent to him to obtain passport for two mares bought for Paget; and he forthwith sent to the President, who moved the Lady Regent therein yesterday afternoon. Meanwhile arrived Aelbrecht Bisscop, captain of Almains, who, bringing horsemen to serve the King, is arrested at Lyre for conveying men through the Emperor's dominions without licence. He showed the King's letters patent, and Carne moved the President in his favour. Spoke this morning at 7 a.m. with the President, who said that as the peasants complained of spoil by passing soldiers, the Lady Regent commanded that none should pass without licence. This captain, who said that he had men coming to serve the King, was arrested at Lyre and at first refused to come to the Lady Regent, but afterwards came. Carne said that he understood that the Emperor and Queen would grant no express passports, but were content to wink at the passage of the men; and this captain's men coming by threes and fours could do no hurt. The President answered that about Bowldwyk, where the country was not so well inhabited, they did hurt, and the promise to wink at the passage of soldiers referred only to the passage of Almayns by Breme and Handboroghe which was "a very nigh passage for them." Carne replied that he "took it otherwise," and prayed the President to favour this captain and consider that he came in the King's service. The President answered that that should be considered and resolution taken therein this afternoon; as to the licence for the mares, the Queen lately gave one Duckett a licence for corn, although corn was scarce here, and also gave a licence for powder and munitions and yet when she sent to the ambassador to obtain passport for a merchant of Bruges to convey merchandise into Scotland the King's Council refused it, and the Queen had thereupon directed him (the President) to give out no more licences; but, as Paget's was a small matter, she was content that it should pass, although it was Paget who gave the answer to the ambassador. Assured him that no licence would be denied her unless upon satisfactory considerations. He said that no great hurt could come of the passing of one merchant without victuals or munition, "which might a paste justlye wt hyre lycence oonlye but for feare of the men of warre that were upon the see"; she had sent to the ambassador to sue no further for it.
Carne then sued for licence for Mr. Damesell for certain hacquebuts and halbardes, wherein he expects reasonable answer shortly. Occurrents here are none, save that this morning a post from the Emperor's Court reported that the Emperor departed from Wormes hitherward on Friday afternoon, (fn. 20) and would be to-night in Colongne and here within eleven days. Bruxells, 10 Aug. 1545.
P.S. in his nun hand:—The Council's resolution is that Captain Albrecht Bysscop may depart with his two servants, but his men of war shall not pass, and those that are past already may not return this way. Signed.
Pp. 5. Add. Endd.
10 Aug.92. Loans from Antwerp.
R. O.Bargain made 30 July 1545 between Stephen Vaughan and Chr. Haller of Hallersteen for a loan of 40,000 cr. which the latter shall furnish within the month of August next. Until 9 Aug. Vaughan may pay Haller 200 cr. and be quit of the bargain. Haller undertakes if he can to increase the amount by 30,000 cr. or 50,000 cr. Repayment to be at Antwerp at Whitsuntide fair in 1546. Each of the following houses to be bound for one third of the whole sum, viz., (1) Jehan Charlo delly Affaytatti, (2) Francisco Michaheli and Jheronimo Arnoldfini, (3) Balthazar Gunugi and Jehan Balbani or Jher. Deodatti. Antwerp, 30 July 1545. Signed: Steph'us Vaughan: Cristofle Haller.
ii. Vaughan's acceptance of the above for 60,000 cr. Antwerp 10 Aug. 1545.
Fr., pp. 2.
R. O.2. Memorandum by Chr. Haller of Hallersteen that Stephen Vaughan has promised him within —— (blank) days obligations for 60,000 cr., viz. three obligations of 2,000 livres de gros by three of the four houses of (1) Jehan Carlo deli Affetati and company, (2) Francisco Michaeli and Jheronimo Amolvini, (3) Baltazar Gunuzi and Jehan Balbani, or (4) Jheronimo Dedatti and company. Of the 60,000 cr. is to be rebated 13 per cent, and Haller must pay within the present month 52,200 cr., which, at 36 pattars the crown, is 15,660 livres de gros. Antwerp, 10 Aug. 1545.
Note in Vaughan's hand:—"He is named Xpofer Haller de Hallersteen, and th'obligations to be made to him and such as he shall appoint, to be paid in Antwerp."
Fr., pp. 2. Endd. by Vaughan: A remembrance of Xpoffer Haller for the making of certain obligations.
10 Aug.93. Wotton to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 321.
B. M.
This bearer, Georgio Moszia di Napoli in Roumania, says that you sent him to Womes to retain some of the Marquis del Guasto's Albanese, but, at Covelentz, 17 or 18 Dutch miles on this side Wormes, he learnt from the Emperor's train, who were all returning downwards, that the Marquis was departed with his men towards Italy. He desired me for his discharge to advertise you of the Marquis's departure, viz., that on Friday, 7th inst., the Emperor departed from Wormes, and I also, and the voice in Court was that the Marquis should the same day depart for Milan through Switzerlande, "and so saith one Knevet, who was his page, and that self day departed from him and cometh home in my company by his master's leave." So that this man came too late. Coleyn, 10 Aug. 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add. deputy of Calais.


1 Of Crêpy.
2 August 12.
3 Lokyer of the Guard. See No. 3.
4 August 12.
5 A false report. His Queen, Anne of Bohemia, only died in January, 1547.
6 The Lion? See Vol. XIX. Pt. ., No. 761 note.
7 August 10.
8 See No. 89.
9 The Caravell and the George Evangelist. See No. 94.
10 August 11th.
11 August 6th.
12 Cape de la Héve.
13 August 3rd.
14 Peto and Elston? See Part i. No. 696 (2).
15 The points in which this list differs from No. 27(2) are noted in the State Papers. The ships entered in that list, bat omitted in this, are five (not seven as stated in St. P.), viz., the Mary Conception, the Erasmus of Hampton, the Trinitie of Milbroke, the Androwc of Milbroke, and the Hoy Bark.
16 Roose Lyon in No. 27(2).
17 Described as " the Earl of Hartfordes bark" in No. 27(2).
18 August 12th.
19 Cowdrey the seat of Sir Anthony Browne.
20 August 7th.