Henry VIII
August 1545, 11-15

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Institute of Historical Research

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1907

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45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61

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'Henry VIII: August 1545, 11-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2: August-December 1545 (1907), pp. 45-61. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80412 Date accessed: 18 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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August 1545, 11-15

11 Aug.94. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 226.
Meeting at Petworth, 11 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horses, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to the Council of London to haste forward the Caravell and the George Evangelist upon the Thames, to send 100 demilances' harness, 200 staves, 5 last of serpentine powder and 1,000 or 2,000 pikes to my lord of Hertford, and to pay Mr. Cooke for the Spaniards in Essex. Warrant for 100l. to be delivered to Wm. Gray in prest for the King's new vessels at Gravesende. Letter to my lord Admiral to put to sea,—the Frenchmen, 200 sail, being before Rye. Warrant to Michael David to deliver 15l. to Blewmantell for his voyage with letters to Wormes. Letters to my lord Deputy of Ireland to place my lord of Ourmonde in the billet to be sent hither of men there able to conduct a band of kerne and gallowglasses; to Mr. Petre signifying the number of obligations required by Rinachiny; to my lord Warden and Sir Thos. Seymour, declaring my Lord Admiral's departure to seek the enemy before Rye, so that a battle was expected on our shore within two days, and men and boats ought to be put ready on the coast; like letters written to Lord La Ware, Mr. Comptroller and the other justices of Sussex. Letter to Deputy of Calais to signify what carriages the Pale could furnish, as 10,000 Almains and 15,000 Englishmen were appointed to repair thither to levy the siege of Bullen.
11 Aug.95. Cranmer to Edmund, bishop of London.
Cr. Reg. 26b.
C's. Works,
495.
On receipt of No. 89, the tenor of which is recited in full.
Commands him, considering the troubles of the realm, both in France and Scotland and in the parts of Boulogne, to warn all the other bishops of the Province (and take order in his own diocese of London) every Wednesday and Friday to have the public prayers and suffrages lately made in English, and, if anything was carelessly omitted in saying these prayers last year, to amend it in view of this stormy time. Bekysborne, 11 Aug. 1545, consec. 13.
Lat.
11 Aug.96. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 486.
Sends letters which Hertford has received from the Wardens of the West and Middle Marches showing what the enemies have done. As they may do greater things Hertford intends to march nearer the frontiers, "calling likewise forthwith the power of the country here which is bound to defend at their own charge," and sending for 5,000 footmen and 400 or 500 horsemen out of Yorkshire. If the enemy retire before his coming, he will, after they are scaled and cannot soon reassemble, proceed according to his former determination, viz., fortify Kelso, if it be found suitable and may be furnished with victuals and, during the fortification, overrun the country with horsemen and acquit such damage as the Scots have now done (which is no great matter) and perhaps make some enterprise upon Hume castle. That done, and a garrison at Kelso, the King will not need so great garrisons on the Borders as he has had all these two years; for the Wardens agree that garrisons at Kelso and Warke will keep the Mershe and Tyvydaje in subjection. Unless commanded to the contrary, Hertford intends to put these things in execution when the force which he has called assembles, and he would know if for that purpose the King will be at the charge of the said 5,000 footmen and 500 horsemen above the ordinary for one month. Newcastell, 11 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Original draft of the above.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 6. Endd.: To the Kinges Mate, xj  Augusti 1545.
11 Aug.97. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.By our letters to the King you will perceive the proceedings of the enemy and our intentions. Remember our furniture with more money and haste hither the powder and pikes for which we wrote. Also pray signify answer to our former request touching the shipping of lead from this port, so that the merchants here (who are diligent in the King's service) may have like liberty as those elsewhere. Newcastell, 11 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—As we are now in choler and would avenge the injury which the Scots have attempted, we have taken order to have 5,000 footmen and 500 horsemen out of Yorkshire, supposing that it will be Monday next (fn. 1) ere they can set forward, and four days later before they can arrive at the Borders. Their support here will be some charge to the King, and in case the enemy scale before they can arrive here, and the King wish to avoid that charge, we pray you to advertise us, so that we may stay them; or else you must send money with all expedition, a mission in which William Brakenbury would use diligence.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 Aug.98. St. Leger to Paget.
R. O.Has, with the Council here, certified the King and his Council of the arrival of McConel, lord of the Isles of Scotland, with 4,000 men to serve the King. John Goldesmyth, clerk of the Council here, brought the King's letter, to the effect that his fee should be augmented, and said that his Highness was content to make it 20l. instead of 10l. as at present. Begs Paget to further Goldesmyth's bill for this, "for otherwise I think the augmentation he shall have at our hands is like to be but small, for we be somewhat scrupulous in such things without good warrant." It would be hard to obtain such another for such a stipend. There was also a bill "assigned" granted by the King for the pardon of Lady Eleanor Fitzgeralde, and a warrant for 20 or 80 fodder of lead that lies at the late abbey of Basyngwerke in Wales, for the covering of Dublin castle and for other the King's castles and houses. Pray remember the same, as one groat spent in time may do what 10l. will not do hereafter, and the lead where it lies increases not to the King's profit. Has, with the Council, written for money for the retinue. "Here is but evil borrowing, and much better it were that the same were sent in time than, for lack thereof, his Majesty should be unserved." Sends for this purpose the bearer, chief remembrancer of the Exchequer, one who, if he continue here, will do good service. Kylmaynam near Dublin, 11 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 Aug.99. Thomas Lord Ponynges to the Lord Deputy of Calais.
Harl. MS.
283, f. 178.
B. M.
Yesterday I wrote to Mons. du Bies, by this bearer, for your mariners. His answer was that the matter rested with the French king's admiral; and as "he" with the whole fleet is departed hence, I can do nothing before his return hither. Send word if you "hear where the French navy is become, or of any other news out of England." Boulloyn, 11 Aug. Signed.
P, 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord Deputy of Callice.
11 Aug.100. Mary of Hungary to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 561.
The Emperor, continuing his efforts to make peace between Henry and the King of France, has ordered her to send certain good personages to exhort both Princes to peace. She therefore sends the Sieur Deecke, of the Emperor's Council, who, with the ambassador resident, will declare his charge. Bruxelles, 11 Aug. 1545. Signed. Countersigned: Despleghem.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
101. Charles V.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 123.
Passport for Cornelius Scepperus, despatched to England.
11 Aug.102. City of Bremen to John Dymock.
R. O.Answer to his questions, made on his King's behalf:—1. That they have no ships to transport 2,000 lansknechts into England, for all are away engaged in trade. 2. That they agree to forbid the going of ships of 200 lasts to the French and Scots, and the supply of munitions to them. 3. Have no trade with the Scots, and their ships only go to a little island called Hithlant (fn. 2) for fish, which is sold in England. 4. Their best ships do not winter here, but in places east or west of this; also the Emperor has made proclamation against going to serve foreign princes.
Desire him to write to the King in their favour. "Schreven under unser Stadt secrete am Dinckstage nha Laurentii anno, etc., '45. Borgermeistere und Rattmanne der Stadt Bremen."
German. Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Dem erbarn und achtbarn Johan Dymack, Ko. Mt tho Engelant commissari and unserm gunstigen und gud frunde. Sealed. Endd.: The borowmrs. and counsail of Breme to the K's Mate the xth of August.
11 Aug.103. Venice.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 345.
Motion passed in the Council of Ten (whereas Ludovico da l'Armi is accused of disobeying Zuan della Moneda, captain of the boats of the Council, and sending Francesco Mancino, Domenego of Naples alias Moreto, and another to Treviso to murder Curio Bua, on whom Mancino inflicted three or four wounds and then all three escaped over the walls) that the said persons be arrested (Domenego Moreto is already in custody) and examined, by torture if necessary.
Ib. No. 346Like motion to arrest and examine Bartolomeo Bardolino, of Bologna, knight, Count Hanibal Delz, of Sienna, Gio. Batt. Politi of Bologna, Raphael dei Scarlati, a Florentine, Ant. Bolognese, Jacomo from San Felice, Alexander of Ferrara, Nicolo of Modena, Daniel of Portogruer, Perino a Florentine, and Sigismund of Ban Felice, who reside in the house of Lodovico da l'Armi and drew their weapons against Zuan della Moneda.
Ib. No. 347Like motion to release Don Bertoldo, chaplain of St. John's at Rialto, a cook, and five other men arrested in Da l'Armi's house.
12 Aug.104. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 228.
Meeting at Petworth, 12 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Paget. Business:—Letter to the earl of Hertford that pikes, harness and powder are sent thither. Letter to Lord Poyninges signifying occurrents and asking if victual might not be sent into the haven if defended by some device upon Bandy Hill. Warrant to Williams to deliver Sir Ant. Knevett, lieutenant of the Tower, 250l. to be employed about ordnance affairs by Sir Thos. Arondel, Sir Wm. Tirwyght and Sir Ric. Southwell.
12 Aug.105. Biscuit for Boulogne.
R. O.Warrant, similar to No. 33, to deliver to Robert Dunne (?) of Cales 255l. 2s. 5d., the price of 51,020 Ib. of biscuit, at 10s. the hundred, lately provided at Cales for the town of Bolen. Petworth, 12 Aug. 1545. Sinned by Gardiner, Rous and Ryther.
P 1. Add. Endd.: Sol. per Joskyn.
12 Aug.106. Françoys Vander Dilft to Lord St. John.
R. O.The bearer, solicitor of Jehan Herlin, Alard Drumel and Company, merchants, the Emperor's subjects, for certain wines taken in November last, carries the Council's answer that your lordship will be able to say what is become of them. I beg you to hear him and give him a letter to Secretary Paget certifying where the wines are or, if they are sold, who has the money. Petwart, 12 Aug. 1545. Signed.
French, P. 1. Add.: A Monsrde St. Jehan, etc., chambellan de la Mate du Roy. Endd.
R. O.2. Petition to Lord St. John (Monsr le Chambrelein de la Privee Chambre de la Mats, etc.) by Jehan Herlin and Allard Drumel and Company, merchants, of Arras, who had 76 tuns of Gascon wine in a ship called La Marguerite of Crodon, Henry du Pre, master, which, about 28 Nov. last, was met by the King's ships of war and brought into London by Captain Jams Beck. Petitioners have made suit to the Privy Council and are referred to his Lordship to know what is become of the wine, and they beg him to certify this by letter to Mr. Paget.
French, p. 1.
12 Aug.107. The Navy.
R. O.Estimate made 12 August 37 Hen. VIII. of money "needful to be disbursed," viz.:—
Wages, dedshares and rewards of 80 mariners and gunners in the Mary Bullyn, Mary George, Prymerose, Martyn Bullye, and Hoyebarke of Callyse, appointed victuallers by the lord Chamberlain, for 3 months, 8 May to 30 July, at 8s. a man monthly, also for tonnage, 530 tons at 12d. a ton monthly, 175l. 10s. Diets of 25 captains in 25 ships appointed "victuallers from London with the army to Portesmouth," 5 weeks from 26 June to 30 July, at 12d. a day, also wages, dedshares and rewards of 1,200 mariners and gunners under them at 10s. per man, and tonnage, estimated at 3,500 tons, at 15d. a ton for the time, 862l. 10s. Diets of five captains serving in the North Seas for one month. 3 to 30 July, at 18d. a day; also wages, &c., of their 445 men at 8s. each, and tonnage for ten weeks, 22 May to 30 July, esteemed 610 tons at 2s. 6d. per ton, 264l. 15s. Diets of three captains serving in the Narrow Seas, for one month as above, at 18d. a day, and wages, &c., of their 210 men at 8s., 90l. 6s. Total of sea charges, 1,393l. 12d.
Wages and victuals of 20 shipwrights, sawyers and smiths working upon three new boats at Depfordstronde for six weeks and three days, 3 July to 16th inst., at 9d. a day, 33l. 10s. Wages and victuals of 90 shipwrights, caulkers, sawyers and labourers working at Portesmouth dock for 5 weeks, 13 July to 16th inst, at 9d., 118l. 2s 6d. Provision of "cables, cablettes, hallsers, warpes, and dyverse other kyndes of smalle cordage, okam, pullys of all sorttes, shyvers and coxe of brasse, canvas, furnesses of copar, ores, shovelles and scopes, iron wrought and unwrought, bourde, planke and tymbar," 490l. Total of "land causes," 6421. 12s. 6d.
Remainder of money upon an "estimate made to your Lordships" as owing to sundry persons 30 June last and not yet received, 4.996l. 9s.
In this estimate "is nothing demanded for wages nor tonnage of the whole army" of 13,000 men, owing from 30 July, which for the month to end 27th inst. will be 5,700l.
Paper roll of two long leaves written on the one side only.
12 Aug.108. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O.Yesterday, about 7 p.m., received letters from the Council, dated Petworth the same day at dinner time, telling him to set forward against the enemy who (by letters to the Council from Mr. Comptroller) seem to be in the Narrow Seas. No news could be more welcome to all the army. And where the Council write for a perfect book of all the ships and captains, it is sent herewith, (fn. 3) together with the order he has taken "in placing every ship as the same shall fight." Begs that it may be taken in good part "as of one that is void of all knowledge in such affairs," who, if he had the experience, would keep as good order as the Admiral of France. Trusts that their good will will serve them better than the Frenchmen's knowledge and "vainglory in the same." The reason that certain names of captains are altered from the King's last determination is that Wynter is taken with "a fervent burning ague," and the putting another in his place alters many others. Scribbled in the Harry Grace a Dieu, 12 Aug. 1545 at 3 a.m., all the fleet being under sail, with the wind at W.N.W. " blowing very little, but I trust it will amend." Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
12 Aug.109. The Council of the North to Henry VIII.
R. O.We began to sit at York palace for hearing matters between party and party on 13 July; and so continued for a whole month and determined many causes. On 27 July the justices of assize and we kept our sessions of oyer determiner and gaol delivery at York castle; where were condemned for burglaries and felonies twelve persons, of whom ten were executed and two reprieved. York, 12 Aug. 1545. Signed: Robert Ebor: T Magnus: M Constable: Henry Savile k.: Wyll'm Babthorp: Robt. Chaloner: Rycherd Norton: Thomas Gargrave.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: The Counsaill at Yorke.
12 Aug.110. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters arrived from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches, showing how the enemies have again been "defended by our men upon the Borders." Pray him to declare the contents to the King Albeit Hertford before wrote to the said wardens not to venture too far in the repulse of the enemy, he has eftsoons reminded them of it, as will appear by the double of his letters (enclosed). Newcastell, 12 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P, 1. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Hertford to the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches.
I perceive, by your letters, your wise and politic resistance of the enemies yesterday, and the good service done by Captain Julio and his company; for which I give you hearty thanks and pray you to give the like to the said captain and his company, whose service I will report to the King. If these letters come not too late, as the enemy's power seems far to exceed yours, I shall once again pray you rather to suffer injury, until I may assemble a convenient force, than hazard the loss of your whole power; for though they burn a few waste villages we shall ere long be even with them. Upon Sunday next (fn. 4) I intend to come towards you with such a force as, "if (is qu. if ?) they abide our coming, shall recompense their pains for their long tarrying."
Copy, p. 1. Endd.: The copie of my lord Lieutenantes l're to the Wardens of th'Est and Midle Marches.
12 Aug.111. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Has received two letters of one tenour from Secretary Paget, one brought by Francis the post and the other by a gentleman sent from my lord of Norfolk, showing that the bargains he made with the Fowker and with Haller are accepted; and, thereupon, he sent for the Fowker and Jasper Dowche and concluded that the Fowker should emprunt Henry 300,000 ducats of two florins, which is 40 stivers, for the interest of 10 per cent., in which sum should be comprised 40,000 cr. as the price of the jewels. Will receive the money when the obligation of the city of London and Henry's written promise in verbo regis are made to the liking of the man whom the Fowker now sends into England. Out of the money, as Paget writes, Jasper Dowche is to have 5,000 Fl. in satisfaction of his herrings. No interest is to be paid for the jewels. Gave Jasper Dowche a signed minute of this bargain and received one (herewith) from him. Six days before, made an end with the Spaniards for their alum exactly as contained in Henry's signed bill, which he delivered to them and received their part signed and sealed. They trust to deliver most of their alum before Halontide; so that order should be taken to have the lead ready. Concluded with Chr. Haller for the emprunture of 60,000 cr. of 6s. Fl. for one year at 13 per cent, and will receive the money when Henry sends obligations of three out of the four houses of merchants named, with the amounts, in a paper herewith, each house being bound in three obligations of 2,000l. Fl. Jasper Dowche would have the jewels taken at 40,000 ducats, but Vaughan maintained that the word ducats was never mentioned; and Jasper, who has ever shown himself an honest man, refers it to Henry to allow him crowns or ducats at pleasure. He swears that he must pay the Fowker the difference between the price and 50,000 cr. As to delivering the money and jewels at Calles he answers that "he is a subject and may not do it." Would know when and how Henry means to employ this money, so that he may provide the kinds that may serve best. Has paid Riffinbergh all the 5,500l. Fl. Would know within 10 days if any of this money is to be paid at Frankfort, as the mart there is three weeks before Michaelmas.
Humble thanks for the grant of the fee simple of houses before given to him in tail male. Andwerp, 12 Aug.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
R. O.2. Copy of the bargain made 12 Aug. 1545 between Estiene Vacain and Jaspar Duchy for the loan of 300,000 ducats (600,000 Carolus d'or of 20 paters apiece) from the Foucquers.
Fr. Copy, p. 1. Endd.
12 Aug.112. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.To the same effect and almost in the same words as the preceding, except that in this he writes that the Spaniards who have bargained for the alum are men of great substance who, if well treated, may bring many other things, and that they promise to deliver most of the alum at London by Michaelmas Day. Andwerp, 12 Aug.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
12 Aug.113. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Briefly describes his bargains with the Fowker, Haller and the Spaniards. Sent to Riffenbergh, who was not here, and received answer "that he never wrote to you like as ye advertised me," praying that commissaries may be sent to pay his men at the mustering on the 23rd inst. Upon this answer, paid him all his money. Would know where the King will use this money, so as to receive the kind that serves best. With 20 helpers, could not weigh every piece in a month. Has been sick, and is left weak and with a pair of lean cheeks. Will to-morrow despatch Francis and a servant of my lord of Norfolk, who brought Paget's two letters of one tenour. Francis arrived before 5 a.m. on the 7th "and saved 200 crowns"; the other came on the 9th. Begs him to read Haller's contract and let labour be made among the Italians in London to have the obligations with diligence.
"Marvel ye not though I forget to give thanks to the King's Majesty for the fee simple of my houses, when I remember no more mine own things than the Great Cane's things; but in my next I will remember. Thus I pray God most heartily to send you and me good tidings against the French ships. If ye there kill his force, the King's Majesty's honor will be bruited over the world." Andwerp, raptim 12 Aug.
Pray send my letter to London, to my house. I stay Mr. Chamberleyn's going into England because of my sickness and the King's matters. He will bring your mares to Calles with your wagon, having the Queen's licence to convey the mares. The Spaniards will send much of their alum before Michaelmas, and lead should be ready to be delivered for it. They should be gently treated as "they be very heavy fellows in the purse,"
Hol., pp. 3. Add, Endd.: 1545.
12 Aug.114. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.I have received both your letters of one tenour, the one by Francis at 7 a.m. on the 7th and the other by a gentleman sent by my lord of Norfolk. As I am both weak and have sufficiently written to the King, pray excuse this shortness. Look well to Haller's minute, who has emprunted 60,000 cr. of 6s. to the King for one year. Means must be found among the Italian merchants of London that three of the four houses therein named make each three obligations of 2,000l. Fl. to pay at Sinxsion Marte anno 1546. Note well the minute of my contract with Jasper Dowche for 300,000 ducats of two florins, which is 6s. 8d. Fl. The King shall pay no interest for his jewels; but unless I know betimes where the money shall be used the King will lose greatly. Let Haller's obligations be provided with all possible speed, or I shall utterly lose my credit. The Spaniards are content with the points contained in the King's bill; which I have delivered them, and received their bond. It remains for you to cause the lead to be ready; for the alum will be almost with you by Michaelmas, or Hallontyde at the furthest. "We have had much ado here with the Fowker for the making of his obligations, wonderful tricks had a lawyer here devised to bind the King's Majesty and his city in; all which we have refused" and have resolved that the Fowker shall send one into England to agree upon the obligation of London and the King's promise in verbo regio. Pray let him be well treated. I have not known an honester man than the Fowker. By reason of my late sickness, albeit you have written for Mr. Chamberlen, I stay him here; for we both are not sufficient for things here, where the weighing, and telling, and reckoning, and keeping, and paying of money, and the hearing, now of one captain, now another, are enough to bring a "whole" man to his grave. I have remembered to thank the King for my fee simple, and now thank you. I would fain put my book to signing, but My Idem aye, the eldest auditor, out of spite, would never give me the particulars in due form. Your letter to him would drive him forward. Andwarpe, 12 Aug. 1545.
If you write to Mr. Chancellor of the Augmentations he will cause Myldemay to make new particulars. Jasper Dowche sends one Nycoluche to solicit some matter of his, whom it were well to help to some little reward. Andwerp, 12 Aug. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand. It is said that the King's ships have taken 25 sail of Frenchmen.
The Fowker's man, who is a "man learned," departs after Francis, "accompanied with one Nycolucho, incommended to you from Jasper Dowche, to which both it shall not be amiss if ye show favour."
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Another letter to the same effect, and almost all in the same words as the preceding. Andwerp, 12 Aug. towards night.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
12 Aug.115. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Bearer, a Hungarian, says that he has weighty matters to declare to the King. "He is a good tall fellow and speaketh pretty Latin, Italian and other languages. He hath much instanted me to incommend him to some gentleman in the Court." Please hear him. He has little money. Andwerp, 12 Aug., towards night.
Hol.,p. 1. Add, Endd.: 1545.
12 Aug.116. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O.According to your pleasure written to Mr. Vaughan I caused a proper wagon to be made for you and sent to Mr. Caern, to Bruxelles, for passport for your mares; and was intending to come to England with them when Mr. Vaughan fell sick of fever, whereof now he is recovered. Vaughan, in sickness, entrusted me with the King's affairs, which are enough to occupy us both. I beg, therefore, to know by the next whether to remain here. Will send the mares and wagon as soon as Mr. Caern sends the passport. Begs him to remind the King how small is the writer's power to serve. Commendations to "my good lady." Andwarpe, 12 Aug. 1545.
No news but that the Emperor will be at Bruxelles within six days, and that the Duke of Brunswicke is restored to his country. Merchants talk of a peace between the King and the French king. The Frenchmen make no boast of their landing in England.
Please cause Nichasius to write (for I know how occupied you are) whether I shall demand my 40 cr. of Dromond.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.
13 Aug,117. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 228.
Meeting at Petworth, 13 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to Mr. Stannoppe to deliver Hans Millar of Hambourowgh a certain ship and as much of the goods as are proved to belong to no Scottishman; another letter delivered to a Fleming for the value of goods sold by one Done. Letter to my lord of Norfolk to send the 200 Almains who are arrived at Lestoff to Dover with conduct money in their purses; to the Council at London to content my lord of Surrey's 50 or 60 men with coats and conduct money; to my lord of Surrey signifying my lord of Suffolk's appointment to go to Bullen with an army.
13 Aug.118. Paget to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 488.
Has shown the King all his sundry packets of letters and is willed to answer:—1. Albeit Lord Maxwell reports amiss my lord Chancellor's declaration in presence of the Council, at Westminster, of the King's pleasure for his going to the North (for remission or pardon was not mentioned, although Maxwell seemed once or twice to crave it) his coming to London is stayed, and he to remain prisoner in Ponfret Castle. 2. The King is content to believe that Borasso meant well "and to have disclosed those letters sent from the French king," and he departs towards Andwerpe to-morrow with 60 cr. reward and promise of "many gay things mo" if he serve well as a spy. It is true that Lyztmaker had such a practice with the French king, and forthwith disclosed it; and was commanded to continue it until he got the money offered by the French king and knew the captains in the North that should be false; for the French king promised to assign him certain captains, now in the King's service, that should betray "you there at the day of fight," and probably supposed, upon the report of Borasso's being first here (which he denies) that Morgante and Charles de Navarro "had been compassed to his service." At last Lyztmaker's practice waxed cold and he was commanded from hence to meddle no further; and so came hither. The King sends the French king's letters, praying Hertford to call Morgante and De Navarro apart and, gently charging them with their seeming untruth, and showing them the French king's letters, say that, nevertheless, the King takes them to be honest men. Thus the King thinks to win them to him. Hertford shall return the French king's two letters, together with the answer of the captains.
No news from Bulloyn other than Hertford has had, viz. that the enemies are building a fort and we intend to stop them; and, for that purpose (they being only 12,000 or 14,000 men), the King sends over with my lord of Surrey 5,000 fresh men, who, with 3,000 footmen and 600 horsemen from Calais and 2,000 footmen and 300 horsemen of the Bullen garrison, shall, under lord Poyninges, as lieutenant of the whole, "do what can be done for their removing." As the passage of the seas between Dover, Calais and Bullen is so stopped that our men cannot yet pass, my lord Admiral, who is reinforced and has as many ships of war as the enemy, and three times as many of great burden (for he has 40 sail of over 300 tons, 22 of them of 600, 700 and the least 500 tons), will next week "see what rule they keep," and we trust that God will prosper him, we being in the right. As for the enemies' landing "in those parts," you know how unlikely it is, since there remains "such a force of their herd behind them." Thinks he wrote of the 10,000 footmen and 3,000 horsemen, Almains, that are coming through the enemy's country to Bullayn to serve the King and will be there by the end of this month. (fn. 5)
Has moved the King in Hertford's own affairs, as his servant, Mr. Thynne, will declare. "Mary! methinks I smell he looks to have somewhat more, you wot what." Commendations to my lord of Durham, and Mr. Sadleyr, Mr. Hobby and Mr. Knyvet. The King prays him to declare to Mr. Hilton that, considering how necessary the stewardship and farm of Tynemowth are for the captain of the castle, his Majesty requires him to let Mr. Leeke have them without further delay; and Hertford is to appoint Mr. Leeke "entertainment conforme to his of Berwik." Hilton shall be recompensed to his satisfaction; and will do well to be conformable, for the King " noteth him now to be too strait laced."
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: Fro the Lordes, xiij  Aug. 1545.
13 Aug.119. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Paget.
R. O.Send letters received by Hertford this day from the Wardens of the East and Middle Marches; to be declared to the King. Trust that the pikes and powder they wrote for are well on the way ere this. If some part of it be not corn powder, they pray him to order the sending hither of 2 last or 1£ last of it. Newcastell, 13 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P.S. in Hertford's hand.—If they lay siege to Wark, and I remove them not shortly after the 5,000 men I have sent for come to the Borders, "let me be whipped when I come home."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Aug.120. Deputy and Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., iii. 529.
Lennox's servants who passed this way into the Isles of Scotland to practise with McConell have returned to Cragfergus with McConell and 4,000 men of war in 180 galleys, leaving 4,000 others to "entangle with" Argyle and Huntley. McConell with this 4,000 intends to pass along the sea coasts of Scotland, doing what destruction he can. Lennox's said servants say that they have promised McConell one month's wages for his men and certain victuals, and require in prest l,000l. and a bark of victuals. Have no money to spare and have no warrant for this, but have sent 200l. in money and 100l. worth of victuals, to encourage the man and keep his company, now being on land, from ravin. Beg instructions how to act upon such sudden events, and also to be furnished with money. Have at their own charges furnished men to the sea to defend the havens here, and Robert Sentleger, brother to the Deputy, has kept a ship of 70 ton manned and victualled. In no war with France have the enemies done so little hurt upon this coast; and if but one ship out of Brystowe were appointed to accompany Robert Sentleger's and that of John Hyll of Mynett (which has taken two or three prizes), good service might be done, for the Bryttons have great trade for the utterance of their wines and other wares upon these coasts in the war. To know Henry's pleasure in the above matters and to convey money hither, send Henry Draycott, chief remembrancer of the Exchequer here. Kylmaynan, 12 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Dublin, Brabazon, Travers, Bathe, and Basnet.
P. S.—Immediately after the writing of the letters sent by bearer, there came to Dublin Roderick Macallister and Patrick McClane from McConell earl of Roose and his fellows; and, being pressed by Patrick Clonvyll, whom Henry sent to allure the said Scots, the writers have sent 500l., instead of 200l., and taken order that these Scots shall have victual at the port of Knockefergus, which is more propice than any haven in their own isles. Did not send the whole 1,000l. asked because they durst not so much disfurnish themselves. Beg that money may be sent with speed. As Macallister and McClane now repair to Henry, will not write of their further purpose. "This gentleman called Roderyke that now repaireth to your Majesty is by the great part of the country there, as we be informed, chosen to be bishop of the Isles, which bishopric is now void; and, as he informeth us, the lord Governor of Scotland hath nominated another (fn. 6) to the same room, wherefore he hath required us to be humble suitors to your Majesty in his favours to the same bishopric." The constable of Cnockfergus, who repaired with these persons to Dublin, says that 3,000 of their band are very tall men, and the other 1,000 mostly mariners that row in the galleys. Most of them are in haberjons of mail with long swords and long bows and few guns. They desired to have 100 gunners out of the retinue here with them; which could not be granted as there are only 100 in the retinue. Patrick Clonevyll seems to have used great diligence. The constable of Cnockfergus says that "one McClane" most earnestly wrought to help the said Patrick and takes most pains for their entertainment. Dublin, 13 Aug. 37 Hen. VIIL Signed by St. Leger, Alen, Dublin, Brabazon, Lutrell, and Bathe.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
13 Aug.121. Deputy and Council of Ireland to the Council.
R. O.Have advertised the King of the arrival of McConell, lord of the Isles of Scotland, at Cnockfergus with a band of 4,000, of whom 3,000 are good and able men and 1,000 tall mariners. Knockfergus is more propice for them to serve the King against the Scots than any port in their own land, and order is taken for their furniture with victual there. What they have further ventured to furnish, and the circumstances, is written to the King; and they beg that they may not be totally unprovided with money here, for which they send bearer, "a sober discreet fellow and chief remembrancer of his Majesty's Exchequer here," as the retinue must be paid and other charges borne. Have written ere this to have certain lead at Basynworke abbey for the repair of Dublin castle and other the King's manors here. Beg them to move his Majesty for its transport hither with speed. Kylmaynan, 13 Aug. 37 Hen. VIII. Signed by St. Leger, Alen and Brabazon.
P, 1. Add. Endd.
13 Aug.122. Bucler to Paget.
R. O.On the 5th inst. we sent you, by young Honinges, the answer of the Protestants and all other occurrents. The Emperor departed hence on the 7th towards the Nether Parts. The Marquis of Guasto returned towards Italy, and now "here is nothing but as a town desert." Within two or three days Mr. Mont and I go to Franckforde, attending news from you. Mr. Mont has certified you of his doings in "the other matter with the Protestants and Sturmius." I am now almost well. Wormbs, 13 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
13 Aug.123. Mont to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., x. 562.
The day after the Emperor left this, which was the 7th inst., I announced the King's will to the delegates of the Protestants, viz., that he is willing to accept their mediation, provided that the French king shows himself desirous of truce. The French king's answer is not yet come, but these men fear lest the Emperor lead him away in a blind quest for Milan, and therefore they wish to have his will in writing. The Protestants seek only to have the French king first ask their mediation, as Sturmius promised, to me by mouth and to them by writing, that he would. We have remained at Worms because of Bucler's weakness after prolonged and severe fever, but now that he is gaining strength we have determined within four days to set out for Francfort, and there await the King's reply. Commendations to Paget's colleague Peter. Worma[tiae,] 13 Aug. 1545.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Aug.124. Harvel to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 563.
Wrote on the 2nd. Six days past, Ludovico de Larme, Henry's captain, and some of his men, in the night, fought with the officers of the city and then fled to sanctuary. Describes how he went to the Signory and represented that Ludovico mistook the officers for enemies; and how the Signory complained that Ludovico, with his assembling of men, had disquieted their city, but they would show him favour for Henry's sake. Upon this came word that Ludovico's men had, by his commission, wounded to death, in Treviso, one Curio, son to the Signor Mercurio, and that one of them (fn. 7) was taken and the rest escaped over the walls. Was sent for by the Signory this morning and told of this, and Ludovico is summoned to appear and answer within eight days. The Signory are greatly inclined towards Henry, and, in spite of a Popish faction, are "upon practices" to make a new league with him. Yesterday Ludovico was in Harvel's house and confessed that he delivered 50 cr. to Curio, who promised to go into England but returned to Treviso and "defrauded the money." Ludovico is now out of the Venetians' dominion, "who doubtless could not have escaped if these men would have pers[ec]uted h[im] er[ne]stely, beinge gl[ad that he] should be out of the ways for good consideracio[ns]."
Here are no occurrents worth letters. Expects some victorious news from Henry. Venice, 13 Aug. 1545.
Hol., pp. 3. Slightly mutilated. Add, Endd.
13 Aug.125. The Council of Ten to Giacomo Zambon, Venetian Secretary in England.
Venetian
Calendar
(Brown),
No. 348.
Many months ago Ludovico da l'Armi, a gentleman outlawed from Bologna, came hither and has retained captains and soldiers; which is contrary to the custom of the Republic, but was permitted because the English ambassador affirmed that the said Ludovico was here for the King's service. Ludovico also gave a promise to live quietly. Lately the captains of the Council, patrolling the city by night, encountered the said Ludovico with 8 or 10 armed men, who refused to surrender their weapons and, after wounding one of the Signory's officers, retreated into Ludovico's house. Next evening the Council sent to arrest the men, who however could not be found, and Ludovico, who appeared next day, was suffered to depart, although he confessed that there had been a fight. On the morning before last came news from Treviso that three armed men had mortally wounded Count Curio Bua and escaped over the walls. Search was made, and in Ludovico's house was arrested one (fn. 8) who confessed committing the said outrage; whereupon order was given to arrest Ludovico and those with him, and, not being found, they are this morning proclaimed outlaws.
The above is to be told to the King, who must understand that, for his sake, Ludovico was here well treated by everybody, but that such offences as the above cannot be overlooked by any sovereign; and the Signory trust that, should Ludovico escape and arrive in England, the King will punish him. The English ambassador says that the King will be greatly displeased, and agrees that the Council could not act otherwise.
14 Aug.126. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 229.
Meeting at Petworth, 14 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to my lord Privy Seal to deliver Roger de Prate the ship San Salvador de San Sebastian laden with woad, as he and Gregorye [Cary], its taker, are agreed; to Mr. Seymour to deliver the San Pedro de Portugalete and the Santa Maria de Portugale, stayed at Dover, with their cargoes, or, if the goods were dispersed, pay the mariners for the freight and account with Aunselin Saulvago for the goods. Letter to Deputy of Ireland commending Mores Horner, Hans Hardigan and John of Antwerpe sent thither to search for mines; to the lord Chancellor to make out their commission. Letter to mayor of Dartmowth to content John de Quintanaduenas for things taken out of his ship; another to — Stawell, vice-admiral of Devon, to content the said John for certain linen cloth laid to gage. Letter to mayor and jurates of Rye to deliver to Diego de Astodillo certain French mariners lately taken in a ship laden with "brasill and melasses." Letter to lord Admiral and all captains, etc., to let a ship of Roger de Prate, laden with woad, pass unmolested.
14 Aug.127. Henry VIII. to Mary of Hungary.
Spanish
Calendar,
viii., No. 121.
Despatches Sir Ralph Fane, lieutenant of the Pensioners, and Mr. Francis Hall, controller of Calais, with the Governor of his merchants and two other gentlemen (fn. 9) of his Household, as his commissioners for a certain matter there; and he begs her to favour them. Petworth, 14 Aug. 1545.
14 Aug.128. The Privy Council to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 490.
The King has received his letters and seen those to Paget, and thanks him for his wise proceedings and circumspect advice to the Wardens. His device for the assembly of a power and the fortifying of Kelso is well liked. Order is taken for the sending of powder and other munitions, and, this day or to-morrow, money shall be despatched thither. Guldeforde, 14 Aug. 1545. Signed by Essex, Gardiner, Browne, Wyngfeld and Paget.
In Mason's hand, p. 1. Add.: Earl of Hertford, Lieut.-General, &c. Haste, haste, haste, &c. Endd.
14 Aug.129. The Privy Council to Michael Stanhope.
Add. MS.
29, 597, f. 7.
B. M.
Have received his letters touching the Flemish ship laden with wine an iron. As it was going to the enemies he did well to cause the wines to be sold; for there is an order that all victual going to the enemies shall be brought into some of the King's ports and there sold, and the money delivered to the party; which he must do to this Fleming, being the Emperor's subject. The iron is also to be delivered, if it prove to be Flemings' goods. The master's being a Scot makes no difference if the property is the Fleming's, who must, however, be warned to beware another time, his master having war with the Scots. Petworth, 14 Aug. 1545.
P.S.—See this man quickly and honestly rid, and his goods restored, for, besides being the Emperor's subject, he does the King good service. Signed: W. Essex: Ste. Winton. Antone Browne: Will'm Paget.
P. 1. Add.: governor of Hull.
14 Aug.130. Hertford, Tunstall and Sadler to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., v. 491.
Send letters received by Hertford from the Wardens and others on the Marches showing that the Scots are retired and scaled without doing more than was previously reported, which is very little. Thus the King has been put to no extra charge; and the writers have stayed the power sent for into Yorkshire, as the fortifying of Kelso and wasting of the country were best done in the beginning of September, when, the year being very forward, the Scots' corn will be ripe and shorn; and meanwhile the King's subjects may do their harvest. The assembly of the Wardens, with the garrisons and countrymen, and the Bishopric, with part of the Spaniards and Italians, has consumed much of the victuals at Berwik, which should be supplied again from hence before the said enterprises are executed. Newcastell, 14 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Original draft of the above.
In Sadler's hand, pp. 4.
14 Aug.131. Carne to Paget.
R. O.The same time that Mons. Skyperius was despatched towards the King, on the 12th inst., Mons. Norture, master of the Lady Regent's hostell, was despatched towards the French king, very secretly, for the President, with whom Carne was a little before, would tell nothing thereof. It is thought that the Emperor and French king will meet ere long at Cambray. The Emperor will be here about Wednesday or Thursday (fn. 10) next. Two French ambassadors came hither from the Emperor and were with the Lady Regent yesterday. Men say that they go homewards. Bruxells, 14 Aug. 1545. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Aug.132. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 565.
The Emperor departed from Wormes towards his Low Countries on Friday, 7th inst., and arrived at Coleyn upon the Monday after, about 2 a.m. That day Wotton received letters from the Council, dated at Portsmouth, 28th ult.; and on the 12th inst. declared his instructions therein contained to the Emperor, who answered that he had letters from his ambassador to like effect, and that, however plain the treaty was before, now that he had made a new treaty with Henry's consent, it must be "esclarcidde;" he might have made it without Henry's consent since Henry's army did not cross the Somme to his support, as promised to Don Fernando. But, having written to his ambassador to offer the required aid in a certain way he must wait till he heard from his ambassador again. Against Wotton's further reasoning he persisted that Henry did consent to the peace, that the treaty could not prejudice his treaty of peace with France, and that Henry's army failed to pass the Some, as was shown when Hertford and Winchester were with him. To the alleged "fault of his army by sea" he made no answer; but, "to tother," he said that he was in France by the day appointed, and asked if St. Digier was not in France. He also said that Henry's camps were so served that all the Low Countries felt it still. Wotton answered that the witness of servants in favour of their masters was suspect, that the treaty did prejudice later treaties, and was such that, even though both Princes had made peace with France, they ought, upon a new invasion, to declare him enemy again, &c., and although St. Digier was in France he could not say that Comercy and Ligny were. The Emperor answered that they were in France, other matters had been fully debated and he would look upon the treaty again to see whether it prejudiced future treaties. Wotton then asked him to consider the friendliness of Henry's offer, who, although invaded by land and sea, was yet content not to press him to declare himself for a time. But the Emperor said that he took it that he was not bound to any declaration, and his ambassador should declare his mind therein, and also concerning the aid. Coleyn, 14 Aug. 1545.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
14 Aug.133. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.Your last letters of the 29th ult. I received at Coleyn, the 10th inst., the bearer having been stayed at Dover because the French navy lies in the Narrow Seas and afterwards riding almost to Worms before he heard that the Emperor was departed thence. The Emperor has made me no direct answer, but, seemingly, will not accept this offer: desiring, for a while, not to be pressed to declare himself, and still pretending "not to be bounden to do it at all." Granvele and his son Darras are gone into Burgundie, where he might treat with the Frenchmen secretly enough. In Court is some saying that he goes "to treat the peace betwixt us and France." The Emperor will not depart hence till Sunday or Monday (fn. 11) next. The bp. of Coleyn assembled the best of his country, with the commissioners of the Duke of Saxe and the Landgrave, to feast the Emperor at Bonne; but the Emperor, at Binge, took a barge of the Cardinal of Mentz and came without landing to Coleyn. Men suppose that he did it purposely, because, in going up, when he sent for the Bishop to meet him, "the Bishop, feigning himself sick, came not at him, not when th'Emperour lay at Bonne, the Bishop being at his house very nigh to Bonne and having been abroad a hunting the day before. Men by conjecture gather of this that the Emperor is nothing pleased with him." Coleyn, 14 Aug. 1545.
P.S.—I have delivered bearer, my servant, no post money. Pray cause him to be paid at home.
Hol., pp.2. Add. Endd.
15 Aug.134. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 230.
Meeting at Guildford, 15 Aug. Present: Suffolk, Essex, Winchester, Master of the Horse, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—Letter to mayor and jurates of Rye to deliver to John Giraldi or Barth. Fortingey a ship of woad lately stayed in the Cambre; to the customers, &c., that the King licensed the sale of the said woad within the realm; to the Lord Admiral to permit the said ship to pass. Letter to the Master of the Rolls to take Antony Macuelo's bond touching the ship stayed at Plymouth.
15 Aug.135. John Wynter to St. John.
R. O."To nyght laste came un to me from yor lordship the l'er as was send un to you by his Mat, wer by I do perceve his most gracious sele of love towardes so prore a wrache as I ham, and also that I schuld rede the same, to the intent, as I do perceve, to rejoys[e] ther in, wc schuld the rather turne me to helthe." Thanks the King and his Lordship. Is now whole and will to-morrow be at his Lordship's commandment, though somewhat weak. Sends three Spaniards who on Tuesday last came in a Spanish ship to Bristow to serve the King. "They departid owit of Spayne this day xix days, and seyys that a Mary Maudelen day (fn. 12) dyid the Prynsse of Castel ys wiffe in beryng of a dowghtur." Hampton, 15 Aug. 1545.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To, &c., lord Chamberlayn of the Kynges Mate moste onorable housse. Endd.
15 Aug.136. Lisle to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., i. 815.
The enemies and we are in sight of one another, and their galleys and our wing rowing fast to get the advantage of the wind; but they do not seem disposed to fight, although the weather favours them, and we may dally with them a day or two before we need fight except we see a better advantage. They seem to be many more ships than we; but victory rests with God, and we will do our duty if it please Him to send a commodious wind, albeit they seem to have issued out of the Narrow Seas to seek us. Describes how a hulk which stole from the fleet as they departed from Wight surrendered to two of the French galleys lurking there (which Dutchman need not have been taken and was immediately rescued, but the master was carried away) gave the enemy knowledge of their coming forth. Fears that other ships and galleys have been left to keep the passage of the Narrow Seas. Are at present "thwartt of Shorham, too kennys allmoste frome the shore," and the wind, since they came forth, has been E.S.E., so that they could not "fetche by este of Bechiefe"; and it has been almost calm. Prays for a fresher gale of wind. In the Harry Grace a Dieu, 15 Aug., 10 a.m.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: 1545.
15 Aug.137. Lords Stourton and Eure to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 491.
This day the lord of Nesbyt came to me saying that their lords are scaled into their own countries, and that a French ship has brought letters to Mongombray purporting that the fleet of France will forthwith land at Tynemowth. Another espial "came incontinent," saying that the earl of Angus is gone to Douglasdayll and George Douglas to the Mowreland, where his wife is; and that the lord of Johnston, Mr. Maxwell and their friends have undertaken to win Langham. Barwyke, 15 Aug. 1545. Signed: W. Stourton, Wyll'm Eure.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Aug.138. Thomas Lord Poynynges to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., x. 569.
An Albanoys horseman, who repaired hither from the French camp this day, declares that the new fortress there rises by the labour of a multitude of pioneers working day and night; and that 150 waggon loads of victual for it were brought there within these three days, and storehouses are being made. The camp numbers 20,000 footmen, 1,000 horsemen and 12,000 pioneer; and the French king comes shortly to Abbefuile or Muttrell with a great power of lansknechts. 'The Frenchmen this day laid ambushments (numbers given) in the valley by the Master of the Horse's camp and the adjoining valley towards Pont an Bryke and about the sand hills, intending, if our men should issue out against any of them, that the others should repair hither and enterprise "to enter pelmelle with our men." For five days they have continued such ambushments. Italians daily repair hither from the French camp, thirty this last day; and as their bands are removed from the wall nearest us to the furtlust part of the French camp towards the fisher town, they seem to be mistrusted by the Frenchmen, who have now but 500 of them and lately dismissed three captains for lack of men to furnish their bands.
I am somewhat diseased with the bloody flux, and forced to keep my bed these three days; and, albeit I mistrust not but to recover, yet, if not, it may please your Highness to determine your pleasure for your pieces here. Bulloign, 15 Aug. 1545. Signed.
In cipher, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
Pp. 2.
15 Aug.139. Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St. P.,x. 568.
Repeats the whole of his letter of the 14th (No. 131) which he sent yesterday to Mr. Governor, to Andwarp, to be forwarded. Sends the double by bearer, Mr. Wotton's servant, lest the other arrive late or miscarry, as the French are said to keep the seas betwixt Dover and Calais. Certain Italian captains sent from Lodovico de Learme are arrived at Andwarpe with 60 horse to serve the King, but say that they cannot come thence for lack of money. Commendations to Secretary Peter. Bruxells, 15 Aug. 1545. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.

Footnotes

1 August 17th.
2 Heligoland.
3 No. 88
4 August l6th.
5 The portion of the letter represented by this paragraph is printed in Nott's Howard, Appx. No. 24.
6 Roderick McLean. See Vol. XIX., Part ii., Nos. 640, 645 In the index his identification with Roderic MacAlister is wrong
7 Domenico Moreto. See No, 103
8 Domenico Moreto See note on last page.
9 Thomas Averey and John Dymmock.
10 August 19th or 20th.
11 August 16th or 17th.
12 Jul 22nd.