Henry VIII
September 1545, 6-10

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James Gairdner and R. H. Brodie (editors)

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1907

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'Henry VIII: September 1545, 6-10', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 20 Part 2: August-December 1545 (1907), pp. 143-153. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=80417 Date accessed: 25 April 2014. Add to my bookshelf


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September 1545, 6-10

6 Sept.312. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C., 241.
Meeting at Chobham, 6 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Admiral, Gage Browne, Petre. Business:—Letters written to John Franke to join Anthony Aucher at Boloyne for the order of the victuals; and to Aucher to write what he had signified that he would have declared to the King at his coming.
6 Sept.313. The Navy.
R. O.Warrant by the Council in London to the treasurer and chamberlains of the Exchequer to deliver Wm. Wynter, the bearer, 1,000l. for marine causes. Elye Place, 6 Sept. 1545. Signed by Wriothesley, North and Sir Robt. Southwell.
P. 1. Add.
6 Sept.314. Ireland.
Crown Lands and Wardships. See Grants in September, No. 16.
6 Sept.315. The Lord of the Isles.
Annuity. See Grants in September, No. 17.
Add. MS.
32,656, f. 245.
B. M.
Hamilton
Papers,
ii., No. 438
2. Draft of the oath to Henry VIII. taken by commissaries on behalf of the earl of Rose and his adherents, at the instigation of the earl of Linoux, the King's lieutenant. 6 Sept.
Pp. 2.
Ib f 246
No 439
3. Another and earlier draft of § 2. Dated 6 Sept.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1.
6 Sept.316. Towcester, Northt.
Add. Ch.
13,931.
B M.
Indenture of sale by the Crown, to Sir Nic. Wentworth, of a house in Torcestre, Ntht., &c. Dated 6 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII. Signed by Sir Edw. North and Nic. Bacon. Seal much broken.
Large parchment.
6 Sept.317. Philip Count Palatine to Henry VIII.
R. O.By the answer which Henry caused to be made to his letters, he has learnt that his offer of service is agreeable, and he only waits to know the number of men to bring and the conditions and term of service. Heydelberg, 6 Sept. 1545. Signed: Philippus.
Lat., p.l. Add. Endd.
7 Sept.318. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A.P.C. 241
Meeting at Chobham, 7 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Essex Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Petre. Business:—The King's pleasure signified to the Deputy of Calais touching licence to one Adam to convey 60 lasts of herring into France.
7 Sept.319. The Privy Council to Lord Cobham.
Harl. MS.
283. f. 328.
B. M.
Upon Cobham's letters advertising the diligence of the bearer, Adam, in things committed to his charge, the King (albeit his Highness thinks it no small matter to victual enemies) grants him licence to convey 60 last of herring into France; and order may be taken to that effect. Chobham, 7 Sept. 1545. Signed by Norfolk, Winchester, Gage and Petre.
P. 1. Add.: deputy of Calais. Endd.: The grant of a safeconduct for lx. last to Adame, from Chobham, vij. Septembris.
7 Sept.320. [The Privy Council] to the Commissaries.
R. O. (fn. 1) It was heretofore signified to you that if any of the captains who promised to serve the King made default in their numbers, you should, at discretion, cause the numbers to be otherwise supplied. As——(blank) Lythmaker has 2,000 picked footmen gathered (by Ryffenburg's appointment, to make up the 10,000 footmen in default of the Bastard's 2,000) and under an experienced captain, (fn. 1) and it seems that Dymock cannot bring his men to the musters in time, if you perceive Lightmaker's men to be of such sort as he declares them to be, you shall write to Dymock to repair to you without his men, and take this 2,000 in lieu of them. And whereas the Lightmakers be also desirous to make 500 horsemen, unless Riffenberg fail of his 1,500, or Buckholt or Aytelwolf of their 500 each, the King will have no more horsemen. Mr. Vaughan is ordered to furnish you with as much money as you shall account needful, and 2,000l. besides.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.: M. to the commissioners for the musters, vijo Septembris 1545.
7 Sept.321. Cheltenham, Glouc.
R. O.Note of expenses of the King's court held at Cheltenham, 7 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII., viz. 13s. 6d. Certified by Ric. Carrik, deputy to Sir Ric. Ligon, chief steward.
Small slip, p. 1.
7 Sept.322. Border Garrisons.
R. O.Indenture witnessing receipt, 7 Sept. 37 Hen. VIII., by Sir Ralph Sadleyr, high treasurer of wars against Scotland, from Ric. Whawley, of 10,000l. sent by the Privy Council for Border garrisons and other Northern affairs. Signed: Per me Rychardum Whalley.
Small paper, indented, p. 1.
8 Sept.323. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 241.
Meeting at Chobham, 8 Sept. Present; Norfolk, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre. Business:—Being called to the King to debate affairs of Boulogne and the North, resolution was taken to write to Boulogne for the making of a jetty or mole from the tower where the slaughterhouse was towards the channel about 400ft. to defend the victuallers from shot of the enemy's new fortress. (Sir Henry Palmer's appointment as master of the ordnance there was also signified); and to the earl of Hertford it was written to consider whether Kelso or Rockesborowe castle may best be fortified, with opinion that if Hume castle might be had it might be fortified to good purpose.
8 Sept.324. Wriothesley to Petre.
R. O.I send the declarations of the treasurers, to be shown to the King, who will perceive that since Michaelmas last they have disbursed above 560,000l. I trust my Lords will devise for the continuance of these charges. "Yesterday I despatched my lord of Lenoux and the bishop of the Isles according to your direction." This day I sent the post to Mr. Vaughan touching Haller's matter. "The Bonvix, etc., have written according to their promise." This day also Winter is despatched with 7,000l. for the sea and 1,000l. for discharge of such as come out of the Wight, and for the mariners' coats. I have also caused 320l. to be paid to them of the Stylliarde upon a bill of exchange for money taken up by ——(blank) at his departure. I have despatched the matter of Browne, which is "no plainer than he is wilful and tedious." Ely Place, 8 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Sept.325. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C., 242.
Meeting at Chobham, 9 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre. Business:—Letters written to Sir Wm. Woodhous for discharge of the ship Anne of Leistoft.
9 Sept.326. Wriothesley to the Council.
R. O.Has received their letters of the 7th inst. touching furniture of Bulloyn with artillery and munition; and encloses the "double" of the view which he sent last, noting therein what has come in since. Thereupon they may determine what shall be sent. The lieutenant of the ordnance, Anthony Anthony, and he have made a proportion of the other things called "emptions" meet to be now sent thither, which will be ready within two days. Encloses copy of this proportion, and also returns the declaration sent from Bulloyn. Elye Place, 9 Sept. 1545. Signed.
P.S.—Begs them to remember "to know the King's Majesty's certain determination touching the Parliament."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Sept.327. Sir Edward North to John Scudamore.
Add. MS.
11,041, f. 76.
B. M.
By my friend Sir Ric. Riche, late chancellor of the Augmentations, you were commanded to deliver to Sir Edw. Baynton certain lead, parcel of 2,000 fodder sold to him. Of that, 60 fodder was consigned to bearer, Wm. Stowbridge, who gave sureties for the 240l. due thereon but has not received it. Begs him to deliver it out of the King's lead in his charge at Bristol, Stowbridge paying the cost of bringing it thither, besides the ordinary charges. Desires favour for Stowbridge, who has been a long suitor herein. London, 9 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: receiver of the Augmentations.
9 Sept.328. The Privy Council to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 511.
The King likes his new platt for the fortifications at Kelso, but because, in debating of the matter with the Council, experienced men say that Kelso is subject to one or two hills from which enemies might shoot into the fortress, and also that the ground is too strong to be soon fortified, the King would have him advertised of these doubts. Before beginning the work he shall view Rockesbrugh castle, not far from Kelso, and consider whether it or Kelso may be fortified at least charge and to best purpose. The King also thinks that if Hume Castle and the town of Duns were fortified, the country of the Marshe would be reduced to his obedience; but remits all the premises to Hertford's discretion, praying him not to enter too far into Scotland and to be wary.
The Frenchmen who have surrendered are to be told that the King thinks it scarcely good policy to credit any man of that nation without good cause, and advised first to do some notable displeasure to the enemy, such as the trapping or killing of the Cardinal, Lorges, the Governor, or some other man of estimation. Their goodwill to serve being thus proved, they shall be both received and rewarded.
As to money, not knowing how long it will be before he dissolves the army, they know not how much to send, and therefore forbear until his next letters come; not doubting but that he will see that the King is no further burdened than necessary, considering what infinite sums are issued out here daily.
Draft in Petre's hand, pp. 3. Endd.: M. to therle of Hertford, ixo Septembris 1545.
R. O.2. Original draft of a letter to the above effect, without the last paragraph.
Corrected at the beginning by Petre, pp. 5.
9 Sept.329. Angus, Cassillis, and Sir George Douglas to Hertford.
R. O.
St. P., v. 519.
His letters dated the 4th inst. at Newcastle, desiring them to be ready at the coming of the King's army, do not advertise them when, where and how it shall come; and, as they will he chief sufferers if the King's purpose take no effect, they remind him that the King's armies must be provided to obtain the strongholds of his opponents, and garrison them during the winter; for, without long tarrying and great charges, so great a matter as the union of these two realms cannot be perfected. Beg to have knowledge of his coming, that they may advise him. "Not dowting hot your l. wil remember one commession as we war at his Majesty to apoinct wt al his frendis in this realme as we wryt afoir; and remember yowr proclamations at yowr cwming" Irwen, 9 Sept.
In cipher, pp. 2. Endd.; The cipher and deciphred.
R. O.2. Contemporary decipher of the above.
P. 1. Endd.
9 Sept.330. Parliament of Scotland.
Acts of Parlt.
of Sc., ii. 453
Held at Edinburgh, 9 Sept. 1545, by Mr. Jas. Foulis of Colintoun, clerk of Register, Mr. Thos. Ballenden of Auchnoule, clerk of Justiciary, Mr. Hen. Lauder, advocate, Mr. John Thorntoun, chancellor of Moray, and Simon Prestoun, provost of Edinburgh, commissioners; together with Patrick Barroun, deputy constable, Wm. Adamson, appointed deputy marshal, Thos. Sinclar, sergeant, and Thos. Hall, appointed judicator. Business:—Summons of treason against Rodorik McCloid of Lewis, Alex. McCloid of Dunwegane, John Modwart captain of the Glenrannald, Ewin Allansoun of Lochneyle, John Dow his son, and Ewin son of Donald Ewinsoun and apparent heir of the said Ewin Allansoun, Ewin McKynnwyn of Strathoidill, McNeill of Barra, within the sheriffdom of Inverness, and Hector McClane of Dowart, Murdok McClane of Lochboye,———(blank) of Cole,———(blank) of Makquere, and ———(blank) McClane of Ardgour, within the sheriffdom of Terbert, and also against Robert Stewart, elect of Caithness, proved to have been duly executed, and continued to 28 Sept. Parliament warned to assemble at Linlithgow on 28 Sept.
9 Sept.331. Carne to Henry VIII.
R. O.This day President Score came from the Emperor and Lady Regent to declare that soldiers of Henry's army gathered in the land of Colon and Treves wrote that they would pass through Liege and Luxemberg whether the Emperor would or not; if they did so the Emperor would take it as a hostile act, seeing that last year, when suit was made for such a passage, he expressly denied it. Replied as on the 3rd inst., that he knew nothing of this affair, and believed that if any attempt were made to pass through the Emperor's dominions, it would be without Henry's commission; indeed, Mr. Hall, one of the commissaries, when here lately with Henry's letters to the Regent, showed him that they would not pass through the Low Countries. Score said that the passing for two or three hours through any angle of the Emperor's dominions would matter little, and that he had letters to-day signifying that Henry's commissaries were arrived with the 16 ensigns of footmen and 1,000 horsemen who were together, and bands of 600 and 500 horsemen and the rest of the footmen were coming, but not arrived on the 6th inst. Learns that on the 6th inst. the French ambassadors made earnest suit to the Emperor to stay Henry's said army, and were answered that he had no men prepared to stay it, and would assist neither party; and he marvelled that they sought his assistance when their master did not perform the agreements and was fortifying certain towns in Pyemont, which he should have restored. "And where the said ambassadors moved him to declare his daughter with his countries here for the duke of Orleaunce (notwithstanding any declaration made before), he made them answer very sharply that the said duke should never have her while he lived, by his good will, for, he said, that he perceived that their master and he could not well live together." The duke of Savoy's son, the Prince of Pyemont, lies here to sue for restitution of the said towns of Pyemont; and this day Mons. Barbandson is sent ambassador to the French king about that matter. "Men doubteth here lest there be a breach betwixt them." The French king will sever his army by Boloyngne in order to send an army to withstand Henry's Almains. Bruxels, 9 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Sept.332. Carne to Paget.
R. O.The merchant who sued for passport for 5,000 pikes to be provided by John Towlorge for the Tower of London was answered by the President that the Emperor and Lady Regent would grant none. Reminded the President to-day that it was for the King's provision and that pikes were "commonly sold." He answered that the Frenchmen would perceive it and blame the Emperor as partial; but it may be had hereafter. Could not get Captain Albright's discharge until yesterday. Here is great fear lest Ryfelberke pass through the Emperor's dominions, especially Liege and Luxenburgh; and posts come daily from Ryfelberk's army. The French have taken three or four hoys of this country in Temes mouth, with merchandise worth 20,000l.; and the men of Newcastle have taken a ship of Bruges going to Scotland. The men of Bruges, Hostende, Newport and Dunkyrk sue for passport to traffic by sea, but have yet no answer. Hears that "they shall carry no victuals but upon their peril." The Duke of Alba is coming here out of Spain. Writes other occurrents to the King. Bruxelles, 9 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd. 1545.
9 Sept.333. Vaughan to Henry VIII.
R. O.Since the receipt of the obligations of London and Henry's grant for the payment of the Fowker's money, Jasper Dowche has been busy, without whose counsel the Fowker would do nothing; but now he has approved both obligations and promise. The Fowker cannot pay the whole in Carolus gilderns, and has prayed Vaughan to take 60,000l. Fl in that money and the rest in crowns. Not to be bound to repay in such coins, Vaughan has been driven to give him 2 per cent.; for if he were so bound the merchants here would at the day of payment raise the price of "those ij. golds" 3 or 4 per cent. The contract is for the Fowker to pay, besides the jewels, 524,000 Carolus gilderns. Of this Vaughan is to pay Dowche 5,000l. Fl, which is 30,000 C. gilderns, and leaves 494,000 C. gilderns to be received, upon which 2 per cent, for liberty to repay in current money is 9,880 gilderns or 1,646l. 13s. 4d. Fl. Promised the Fowker an obligation of London to pay in Andwerp, 15 Aug. 1546, this sum of 1,646l. 13s. 4d.; but he is loth to grant such days of payment, as he himself gives 1½ per cent, for the money. Begs Henry to send such an obligation of London or else charge Vaughan to pay ready money. Jasper Dowche still complains that he is not entirely recompensed for his herrings nor for his loss upon the jewels, for which he swears that he must give the Fowker 50,000 cr., as he writes more at large to Sir Wm. Paget. Unless some way is devised with Bartilmew Compaigne for Dowche's contentation, he will hinder all Henry's affairs here.
The Duchy of Brabant has granted the Emperor 1,200,000 florins in four years, and Flanders gives 1,800,000 fl. He will have of these Base Countries above 5,000,000 gilderns, and will pay interest to the merchants here to have it all out of hand; and as soon as it is received he "intendeth to raise his gold." By gathering so great a heap of money, and buying up all the gunpowder in Almayn and conveying artillery hither, he means "somewhat." If the Emperor raise his gold, the 2 per cent, to the Fowker is well bestowed. Paget lately wrote to Chamberleyn to pay a captain of the duke of Lowenbergh 1,000 fl. As Chamberleyn had departed to Cullyn four days previously, and the captain's horsemen were ready, Vaughan paid the 1,000 fl. and despatched them towards Cullyn to accompany the other Almayns, "for this way they could not be well suffered to pass." Awaits Henry's pleasure touching the emprunture of 60,000 cr. by Chr. Haller, who is not content that his bargain goes not forward. If Henry raise not his angels or ever the Emperor raises his gold, "they will be fast brought hither." Is offered 20,000l. in angels if he will give 4d. a piece more than they go for; therefore here is store." Andwerp, 9 Sept.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1545.
9 Sept.334. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Was delayed in bringing the Fowker to accept the obligations of London and the King's promise, because Jasper Dowche was occupied, with the Margrave of this town, searching for debts to the executors of Diego Mendys, "which, offended with the Queen that she would, against their minds, have bestowed a daughter of the said Diego's which shall have to her marriage 400,000 ducats, and enraged with the crooked dealing of Jasper Dowche against them, lately gave a rale to this town and are gone to dwell in Lyons, where (to the intent they would the more surely live) they have promised to emprunt to the French king 300,000 crowns for five years without interest. These executors carried from hence at the least seven or eight thousand ducats in ready money." Agreed with Fowker and Dowche for 2 per cent, "to be discharged at the day of payment for paying valued gold." Explains as in his letter to the King what this will amount to and that the Fowker is loth to allow credit for it, the necessity of taking some way with Bart. Compaigne to satisfy Dowche, and the Fowker's inability to pay all in gilderns.
Forwarded Paget's letter to the commissaries at Cullen, and encloses letters from them. Here arrived, after Chamberleyn's departure, a lieutenant of the Duke of Lowenburghe with Paget's letter, upon which Vaughan paid him 1,000 fl. and "sent him away with a goodly company of men." Begs Paget to write how the King takes this payment, that the writer may show the auditor his authority for paying it. Chr. Haller calls fast for his obligations.
No gros greyn is come hither. All things come out of France by the rivers, "which are so low that in some places there lacketh waters." Still finds no murrey velvet for my Lady. Has much trouble with Jasper Dowche. Andwerp, 9 Sept. 1545.
P.S.—Begs him to pay for bearer's return hither, and meanwhile license him to see Vaughan's house.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
10 Sept.335. The Privy Council.
Dasent's
A. P. C. 242
Meeting at Chobham, 10 Sept. Present: Norfolk, Essex, Admiral, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre. Business:—Letters written to Deputy and Council of Calais to signify what carriages could be made within their rule.
10 Sept.336. Sabyne Johnson to her husband, John Johnson.
R. O.Glapthorne, 10 Sept. 1545:—Domestic matters, mainly the moving of her brother's suit to Mrs. Saxby, who says it is too soon after her husband's death. Parson Saxbye will be here this week, and the writer will get him to move the matter.
I enclose a letter from Wm. Lawrence, and have sent him answer that you expect him to fulfil his bargain. You have seven wool winders at work; and I send this week to my brother Otwell for money for Haryson.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Callais.
10 Sept.337. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.Since my access to the Emperor, of which Mr. Wotton and I wrote to the King, and I wrote privately to you, I have been twice visited by the ambassador of Savoy, who desires me to commend two gentlemen of Savoy, of a good house, and servants to the Prince of Pedemonte, to serve in the King's wars against France, as appears by the ambassador's remembrance enclosed. The said ambassador said that the Duke of Camaryne had already received Parma and Placentia, and his wife is delivered of two boys at a birth. Having been saluted with daily excuses from Chapuys "that he cannot visit me for his sickness," I went to him and, "with a long tale how dulcely he declared our journey at the Diet to the Emperor," I learnt that of a truth Parma and Placentia are delivered to the Duke, money having cleared the matter with the Cardinals. Talking of the necessity of amity between our masters, I marvelled that certain merchants who had 5,000 or 6,000 pikes for the King could not have licence to carry them, which was expressly contrary to the intercourse. Chapuys said he would do what he could therein; and, at parting, laid his hand on his breast and begged that for the King's service he might be called upon as boldly as any subject the King has. Seeing that he is in credit with the Emperor for English matters, it were well to make him believe that we trust him. What you say to the ambassador there he shall know, for he is daily advertised of occurrents there.
"Yesterday, after dinner, Madame Degemounte came to my lodging, as she returned from the chase, where the Emperor and the Queen were all the day hunting." She was perplexed because the French king, who said he was master of the field, called her to take possession of Fynes and her other lands in Bullonoyse; and if she refused to take it she would lose a great deal more that she had in France, which would also be confiscated if she took it of the King's Majesty. I answered that I had no commission to talk in such matters, but if she would give me a memorial in writing I would advertise it; my master was in possession of Bullen, and therefore of all Bullenoyse, and it was not the French army that would soon recover it. Thus I have declared such small occurrents as have chanced since my coming to this Court. Bruxels, 10 Sept.
P.S.The Duke of Farrare's agent gave me the copy of a discourse which the Marquis of Guasto made to the Emperor at Wormes against the giving of Millan to the Duke of Orleans. I send it herewith, written by an English Italian. Keep secret the giver's name, and say not to one, "You might have done it yourself."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Sealed. Endd.; 1545.
R. O.2. Memorandum that the ambassador of Savoy desires of the most reverend ambassador of England letters in favour of Peter de Valperga and Guido de Pioveno, of the Prince of Piedmont's household, who desire to fight in the King of England's wages, to Secretary Paget, Milord Cobam and the earl of Surrey, son of the Duke of Norfolk.
Lat., small paper, p. 1.
10 Sept.338. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.These two gentlemen, Peter de Valperga and Guydone de Pyoveno, commended to me by the ambassador of Savoye, as appears by the commendation enclosed, I could do no less than commend to you. Bruxelles, 10 Sept. Signed.
p 1. Add. Endd. 1545.
R. O.2. Another copy of No. 337 (2) in which the names are given as Vasperga and Proveno.
Lat., small paper, p. 1.
10 Sept.339. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O.Bearer brings your wagon and two mares sent by Mr. Chamberleyn, to whom seven days ago I forwarded the Council's letter, but the post has not yet returned. I have money ready; but wish that he could make shift not to send for it, as to do so "will hinder his journey, which were more needful to be hasted."
Some gros grayn came to-day, but is not good enough. Within two days, is to see four pieces which are not yet come out of France. Sends herewith letters from my lord of Westminster and Mr. Caern; "and yet, my mind changed in the writing, I will send you them by one that goeth with more speed, by whom I will write you more at large." Andwerp, 10 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1545.
10 Sept.340. Christopher Haller.
R. O.Certificate by Petrus van Lare alias de Lovanio, notary public, that, on 10 Sept. 1545, Messire Estienne Caltenofer, in the name of the "Srs Herwaerts," declared to him that, about a month past, he promised the Sr Chr. Haider 12,000l. Fl. for one year, upon letters of the Affetaty, Bonaventura, Michely and Arnulphiny, etc., and of Guinigy and Balbany or of Diodaty; and he has kept the money ready ever since, but cannot obtain the said letters from Halder. Antwerp, in the house of the S™ Herwaerts, in presence of Chr. le Fevre, priest of Ghent, and Anthony Vander Meer.
Further certificate that he proceeded thence the same day to Halder's house, who requested a copy of the above. Witnesses, Nicolas Friscobaldy and Ant. Vander Mere.
French, pp. 3.
10 Sept.341. Erasmus Schet to Paget.
R. O.The Emperor's ambassador with the King of England will have spoken, on behalf of the President of the Emperor's privy Council, in the writer's favour for a safe-conduct to trade with France; as Thomas Dun, the bearer, will further explain. Antwerp, 10 Sept. 1545.
French. Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
10 Sept.342. John Dymock to Paget.
R. O.Has answered to Paget's last letter, dated Gylford, 16 Aug. and not received until 29 Aug. at 8 p.m., commanding him to go to Coveleynce upon the Ryen with 2,000 footmen, there to be mustered with Ryffenberech's men, that the thing was impossible. Wrote on 1 Sept. that the distance to Covelence was 30 leagues, but the truth is that it is 57 leagues, and from Breame 62 leagues; and so small a number would be killed by the way, because men of war have misused the poor "bourse" in divers places hereabouts. Also all the "Hans steddes" are taking up men to defend themselves because of the 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen under Chr. Vrytberech and Herbart van Lange, of whom Dymock has written in divers letters. No man can say precisely whom they serve, but on Thursday last (fn. 2) they took the duke of Lowenborech's land of Hadell, three leagues in length and more than one league broad, where they have spoiled and burnt, and killed much people, although they had previously desired passage that way and promised to do no hurt. They have since sent the Duke word that they serve the French king, and, because he serves the King of England, they will treat all his lands thus; but the truth is said to be that this is the Emperor's doing to set the Palesgrave and Duke of Brwynwske into Deanmarcke and Brwneswycke, respectively, destroy the Evangelical band and set up the bishop of Rome again, and that these men of war are appointed to lie in Hadell because it is a fruitful land lying hard upon the Elve, the river that comes to Hamborowch, where they increase daily and look for certain ships from Hamesterdam. So that the King of Denemarke is at Raynesborech in Holste, 18 leagues hence, with a great number of horsemen and footmen, coming to fight these men, and will be on Saturday (fn. 3) at Nyewe Munster, 8 leagues hence, with all the nobility of Holste and Deanemarke. Both at Lubecke and Hamborow men are being taken up for the King of Denmark, and it would be impossible for the writer to have men hence. The Lantgrave of Hesse and the Corvester of Sacxson are also arming, and the earl of Tayckellborowe has taken up 4,000 footmen and 1,500 horsemen, all men fearing and hating the Emperor. Tarried here partly to see whether this raising of men was for the French king; and had found the way, by one Courte Penyncke, to have suborned them with 1,500 cr. not to serve the French king this year; "but I was fayen to promes thys sayed Courte for to have don me beste for to have gotten hym the K's Grace to have taken the sayd Courte in hys Graces servhych, the woh Courte Penyncke has bothe served the Frenche k. and the kynge of Denemarke," and is now ruler of the King of Denemarke's footmen, and is married and dwells here in Hamborowe in great estimation. He offers, if the King of Denemarke is not troubled by these men or the Emperor, to serve the King with 6,000 footmen worth 15,000; and in any case he will go to see His Grace. Another cause of the writer's tarrying is that he had no answer to the letters he sent over by Taphoren and did not know whether victuals should be sent from hence to Calys. Sent word to the commissaries at Coveleynce, who could do their commission without him. Was also sick, but is better. If the Duke of Lowenborch's chancellor, whom he expects to-day, brings no letters commanding him to tarry, he will depart homewards. Thinks that what he has done was needful, seeing that he was here and out of danger of those who "laid for" him because of the business of Peter of Gelders. Understands that the duke of Sowfock is dead, so that he has no other refuge than Paget, whose favour he begs. Hamborowe, 10 Sept. 1545.
Hol., pp. 6. Add.: in Court. Endd.
10 Sept.343. John Dymock to Vaughan
R. O.Is grieved at the news, written by his servant Thomas, of the death of the Duke of Suffolk—a great loss to the King and the whole realm. Begs Vaughan to give his man credit for the 150l. Fl. of which he wrote before. All this country is in a rumor, and the cities, and also the King of Denmark, taking up men; for the band of men of which he has twice written is increased to 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen, and has seized the duke of Lowenborch's land of Hadell, within eight leagues of Hamborch, hard by the river of the Eleve. The said land is well victualled with corn, cattle, butter and cheese, which they eat up, killing such people as have not fled in time. The Hadelers were betrayed by the captain of a castle who suffered the men of war to pass into the land. They will not acknowledge whose they are. Eight days before entering the land, they wrote to the Duke of Lowenborch that they would not hurt him; but when he afterwards sent to know why they did "thus ungodlye use hym," they answered that they served the French king and the Duke served England. "But the trweth ys that all the hede men of thys lande here dosse perseve whoesse doynge thys ys. Every man dosse saye that th'Emperare dosse cawse thys for to be don. Geve hyt do spede well, then ys hyt hys dede; geve hyt do not, then ys hyt the Palesgraves dede and the ducke of Brwneswyk[es], and so to helpe the Palesgrave in to Denemarke and the ducke of Browensewycke in to hys land agayn, wc thynge ys cleane contrarye unto hys promes made unto all the nobell men of Jarmanye, so that th'Emperour ys belowyd here as well as the Dyvell of Hell." The King of Denmark will to-morrow be at New Mynster, 8 leagues hence, in Holste, with a great number, and every city arms men to set upon "these men"; "for and th'Emperour mycht wt suche polyssye seatte in thys twooe men, then wold he chasten al the reste of the Germaynis and sette up the hollye byschope hys father of Rome; but I do truste in God that shall never coom to passe for all hys craftye gogelynge, for hyt ys knowen to men here howe that he ussed oure master and hys subgiettes, and I have somewhat put in the hedes of the hycgher powers here, so that monye nor other credytte geates he noen in thys parties, but stryppes he or hys shalbe sure for to have where of a shall have no lake."
All here rejoice at the King's good fortune against his enemies. The King of Denmark is on his part. Has sent a "bode" with a letter to them that are at Covelence, not to tarry for the 2,000 men from hence, who could not pass thither alive. The nearest way thither is 57 leagues. If this 10,000 footmen and 2,000 horsemen had been for the French king, the writer had found means to suborn them with 1,500 cr. to do no service this year. Will tarry here to see how the matter ends, and trusts that Secretary Paget will make his excuse. There is a letter to Paget enclosed in the letter to his wife herewith. "Also I dyde consyder howe that I was here in the parties where as plentye of vittaylis ar ar (sic), and, becawse I cowed not tell what nede mycght have byn at Calys or at Bollen, I mycght have hade twentye shipis ladynge whythyn viij or x dayis geve nede hade byn, and also I hade sent Tapehoren in to Yngland and I hade never no ansewere of thosse letters, so that I do tarye partelye to have an ansewere of them." The Sowende is stopped by the King of Denmark. The Lantgrave of Hesse and Corevoste of Sacxkesen take up many men. Commendations to Mr. Chamberlayn, Mr. Claye and Mr. Damesell. Hamborowe, 10 Sept. 1545.
Hol., pp 5. Add.: at Antwerp. Endd.

Footnotes

1 The opening sentence of the original, which states that "this bearer Thomas Lightmaker hath declared" that he has gathered the 2,000 men, seems to be superseded by the passage between asterisks which is written at the end in Petre's hand.
2 Sept. 3.
3 Sept 12.