Orne

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

J. Horace Round (editor)

Year published

1899

Pages

218-248

Annotate

Comment on this article | View annotations
Double click anywhere on the text to add an annotation in-line

Citation Show another format:

'Orne', Calendar of Documents Preserved in France: 918-1206 (1899), pp. 218-248. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=84256 Date accessed: 30 October 2014.


Highlight

(Min 3 characters)

ABBEY OF ST. EVROUL, FOR BENEDICTINE MONKS, IN THE DIOCESE OF LISIEUX.
[Original Documents in Archives of the Orne. Cartulary, MS. Lat. 11,055, 11,056; and Charter roll, (fn. 1) in Bibliothèque Nationale. (fn. 2) ]
[1099.]
(MS. lat. 11,056,
fo. 33 dors. See
Ordericus Vitalis (fn. 3)
V. 195.)
622. Charter of Richer de Aquila, son of Ingenulf de Aquila. He grants the monks of St. Evroul whatever Ingenulf his father and his liegemen and his own liegemen (fideles homini) had given them, namely the church of Laigle (Aquilevilla) and all that vill with quittance of cornage, and passage [money] and tholl and dues on all their food and raiment and that of their own servants whom they feed; at Cisai (Ciseium) the tithe of the mill of Coisel; at Aspres the tithe given them by Walter de Aspris with the metairie he gave them at Auguaise (Augesa); at Aube (Alba) the tithe given them by Fromund de Alba; at Poileium, half the church and churchyard, with a third of the tithe, given them by Ernald de Bosco Fulberti, his man. Annotation 686
Presentibus dominis: Gilleberto scilicet Lexoviensi, Gilleberto Ebroicensi, Serlone Sagiensi episcopis, ipso die quo ecclesiam sancti Ebrulfi ipsi tres dedicaverunt. Testibus domina matre mea Richoereda, Gilleberto et Roberto fratribus meis, Judiht uxore mea, filia Ricardi de Abrincis et sorore Hugonis comitis Cestrensis et aliis multis apud Sanctum Ebrulfum in die dedicationis ipsius ecclesie.
[1127–8.]
(MS. lat. 11,055,
fo. 21.)
623. Charter of Henry I. [as king of England and duke of Normandy] addressed generally. At the request of beloved lieges, Robert de Grentemesnil and Robert de sancto Serenico he confirms to abbot Garin and the monks of St. Evroul all the endowments which they, their lieges (fideles) or their progenitors, Hugh and Robert de Grentemesnil have given [specified].
Testibus: G[odefredo] Rothomagensi archiepiscopo; W[illelmo] comite Pontivi; Nigello de Albigneio; Roberto de Grente[mesnil]; Roberto Geroiano; Patricio de Chahorcis; Goel de Ivreio; W[illelmo] de Sacio. (fn. 4) Apud Rothomagum.
[1113.]
(Original in
archives. (fn. 5)
Trans. Vol. I. fo. 20.
Also MS. lat. 11,055,
fo. 18d. [without
witnesses.] Printed
from the Cartulary
in Ordericus Vitalis
V. 196.)
624. Charter of Henry I. [as king of England and duke of Normandy] addressed generally. He confirms to St. Evroul certain benefactions in Normandy.
Hanc autem donationis cartulam ego H[enricus] rex scribi feci anno quo comes Andegavensis mecum pacem fecit et Cenomannum de me, meus homo factus, recepit, et confirmavi atque confirmo in turre Rothomagensi, presentibus istis quorum nomina et signa subterscripta. [Signa] regis Henrici, Goiffredi Rothomagensis archiepiscopi, [Roberti] Comitis de Mellent, Nigelli de Albineio, Comitis Ricardi [de Cestra], Huelli de Ivreio, Willelmi Pevrelli, Willelmi de Sai, Rogerii de Tieboudivilla, Willelmi de la Lunda, Walteri de Vernone, Rodberti filii Anchetilli, Willelmi filii ejus, Patricii de Chaorcis, Rodberti filii Regis, Willelmi Bigot.
[Circ. 1080.]
(MS. lat. 11,056,
fo. 26 dors.
See Ordericus
Vitalis
V. 180.)
625. Charter of Ralf de Conchis son of Roger de Toneio. Wishing to do what is right to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul in return for his having assisted Ernald de Eschaufo when he burnt their town, he gives them two measures (agripennas) of vineyard at Toeni (Toneium), for perpetual masses for his weal, with other lands [in Normandy]; and in England Alvintona in the county of Worcester, with its church and with all his forest of Wyre, and all he had therein, save his enclosure (haia) at Beitone; and in the county of Norfolk, a carucate of land, with its appurtenances, in Caldecote. And he wills that his heirs should defend all his gifts against all folk, and should any of them resist these, the curse of God, and of all the saints, and his own, be upon them.
Hujus donationis mee testes: Rogerus de Clara; Galterus de Hispannia; Guillelmus de Paceio; Robertus de Remileio; Geroldus Gastinellus; Gillebertus Toroldi filius; Rogerus de Mucegros, et Galterus de Calvo Monte, et multi alii.
[1124–1135.]
(Lat. 11,056,
fo. 25d.)
626. Charter of Henry I. [as king of England and duke of Normandy] addressed generally. He confirms to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul a house in the chief street of Falaise (Falesia) near the shambles (macellum) between the houses of William Francise and Garin de Hispania at the request of William de Magneto and his wife, to whose marriage portion it belonged. Gervase Cornet of whom it was held (movebat) grants this before him.
Testibus Johanne Sagiensi episcopo; Nigello de Albine (sic). Apud Falesiam.
[? 1124–1135.]
(Cartulary, MS. lat. 11,055,
fo. 21.
See Ordericus
Vitalis
V. 200.)
627. Charter of Henry I. [as king of England and duke of Normandy] addressed generally. At the entreaty of his beloved and faithful Nigel de Albigneio, he grants to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul two-thirds of the tithe of Villez (Villare), namely of sheaves, of flax, hemp, vegetable gardens, orchards, and all that should rightly be tithed, given by Nigel, and granted and confirmed by the king, so that they render service for it to God alone. He also grants and confirms the agreement, made before him, between them and Nigel as to Culleium on the Orne (Olna). The abbot and monks have granted him whatever they possessed there by gift of the lords of Grentmesnil (Gretesmenil), to be held of them in fee and inheritance, except the church, with two-thirds of its tithes and of the mills, so that by their hand (manum) and summons, the said Nigel shall do the service of one knight, due thence to himself in his affairs (negociis) and hosts; and for the relief (relevamentum terre) and crown services and such [things] as may be granted to the abbey by himself or his heirs, the abbot and monks shall exercise jurisdiction (justiciam suam facere) as often as they deem fit, nor shall Nigel or his heir impose on the knights or other men of that vill any custom[ary service]s but those they were bound to render to the abbot and monks; and should complaints be made on this point, the abbot and monks shall do justice on him there till he makes fitting amends. So also with all other forfeitures and amends due from Nigel to the abbots and monks.
Testibus me ipso, Ricardo Baiocensi, et Johanne Lexoviensi episcopis, et Nigello de Albigneio. Apud Cadomum.
[1140–1157.]
(MS. Latin 11,055,
No. 618.)
628. Charter of Simon count of Evreux, confirming the establishment, in his fortress (castro) of Noion for a monastery granted by his predecessors to the monks of St. Evroul. He grants to them all the endowments they have received of the gift of his grandfather count William and Helvisa his wife … all the count's land in England, which had been given him by king William who conquered (conquisivit) England, namely the church of Henrhet and all that he held in that vill; all that he held at (in) Borchillberia, Siffleth, Grafetona, Bochelanda and Bibleria; at Aldintona a hide of land, and all that he held at (in) Baldintona and Chilbehert, and Mildeconba; and a hide (hildam) of land at (in) Molintona, and all that he held at (in) Bodicota and Bocota, and Colecota, Donetrop, and Senenella; at Pessemere one hide (hildam) of land. He also gave the tithe of his land which king Henry had given him in England, namely Brefort, Teodeorda and the manors belonging to it; in Hanneia all that he had of the gift of king William; and in Normandy, etc. …
Testes: Hugo de Blachepuit; Fulco capellanus; Alexander de Autoil; Hamericus de Boisseria.
[1124–1135.]
(Original in
archives. (fn. 6)
Trans. Vol. I. fo. 205.
Also MS. lat.
11,055, fo. 19d.;
11,056, 24d.
Printed from the
Cartulary ut supra,
p. 205.)
629. Charter of Henry I. as king of England and duke of Normandy, addressed generally. At the prayer of William de Molendinis and Albereda his wife, he grants to the monks of St. Evroul, free from all carthly service, etc. the church of St. Lawrence de Molendinis and lands [specified]; also the church of St. Mary de Bonis Molendinis with the tithe, etc.; the church of St. Denis de Maheru, with other gifts [specified]; and, of the fee of Hugh de Ferraria, and in the parish of Ronceos two-thirds of the tithe of the fee of Walter de Veteri Ponte; also land in the parish of Sancta Columba; and all their liberties as held of his ancestors and of William and Albereda his wife.
Testibus: Richardo Baiocensi, Johanne Lexoviensi, Johanne Sagiensi episcopis, et Nigello de Albigneio, et Willelmo de Molendinis. Apud Cadomum.
[?1124–1135.]
(MS. lat. 11,056,
fo. 25d.
See Ordericus
Vitalis
V. 202.)
630. Charter of Henry I. addressed to all his barons and lieges of Normandy. He grants to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul two-thirds of the tithe of Vilers which Nigel de Albineio has given them, namely two [out of three] tithe sheaves from the demesne and the whole vill, and two-thirds of the tithe of calves and lambs and porkers and of gardens in the whole vill, and of cheese and wool and everything that ought rightly to be tithed, and two-thirds of the tithe of the mill.
Testibus: Ricardo episcopo Baiocensi, et J[ohanne] episcopo Luxoviensi, et Nigello de Albineio. Apud Cadomum.
[N. D.]
(Charter Roll of
St. Evroul. See
Ordericus Vitalis
V. 186–7.)
631. Notification that Robert of Roelent and his brother Roger gave to the monks of St. Evroul the whole church of Telliole, and all that they held in the church of Dambleinvilla, and the priest, and the tithe of the mills and of all revenues which they had or might have and the retithing (redecimationem) of their storehouses (promptuariorum).
Testes qui hoc audierunt et viderunt: Hugo filius Agnetis; Rogerius filius Alan de Scuris; Rogerius filius Geroii; Walterius prepositus.
William the butler (pincerna) son of Grimoud granted the monastery of Teilliol to St. Evroul, with his tithe at Dambleinvilla, and the tithe of the above Robert, which he had at Dambleinvilla. For [all] which his lord Robert gave him compensation in England.
Hugh de Millay, to whom Grimoud had given his daughter, and the church of Teilliol [as security] for 100 shillings till he paid him that money, granted, with his wife and sons, the whole to St. Evroul, for which Roger the son of Humfrey, brother of Robert de Roelent, gave him the value of 60 shillings. Hugh, with his wife and sons and his brother Razzo the dean, came into the chapter house of St. Evroul, and placed his grant on the altar.
[N. D.]
(Ibid.)
632. [Notification that] Robert de Roelent gave to the monks of St. Evroul, in England the land of two ploughs and twenty villeins and the church with the priest at Bivella, and the vill of Chercabia with the church and priest and the church of the Isle (Insule). He also gave in the city of Chester the church of St. Peter of the market place and three tenants (hospites). And, that St. Evroul might peacefully possess all these as he gave them, he came, before his death, into the chapter [house] and confirmed his grant in the presence of the convent. And with him were Roger son of Geroicus, Durand the prévot. (prepositus), Burnol, Osbern de Orgiariis, Walter the prévot. These heard, and witnessed for him his last grant in the chapter [house].
De nostra parte testes: Marscus; Rainerius pincerna; Hugo Magnus.
In the time of abbot Roger, William son of the above Robert (fn. 7) came into the chapter-house one day, granted all that his father had given St. Evroul, and made the grant by a book [laid] on the altar.
Testes: Odo Rufus et filii ejus, Rogerius atque Gervasius; Godefridus nutritor ejusdem Willelmi; Willelmus Bulzon; Hugo filius Fulcoldi; Osbernus pincerna; Tanquere filius ejus; Gervasius famulus; Rogerius de Sancta Maria; Anschetillus frater W.; Unsfr[i]dus portarius; Herbertus Anglicus; Rodulfus Cornu; Ragnulfus sutor; Rotbertus filius ejus; Goisfredus Rufus; Willelmus del Maisnil. Signum Willelmi filii Rotberti de Roelent.
[N. D.]
(Ibid.)
633. [Notification that] Humphrey de Merestona, in the chapter [house] of St. Evroul, gave the saint all his land in the demesne of Danblainvilla, and in England the land of two ploughs at Bivelle.
Affuerunt autem ibi Odo cocus, Rodbertus Anglicus, et Herveus, et Guarnerius.
[1089–1135.]
(Original in archives.
H. 933.
Seal broken.
Trans. Vol. I.
fo. 262.)
634. Charter of William, earl of War[enne], (fn. 8) addressed to all his bailiffs and his men. He gives the monks of St. Evroul freedom from all dues throughout all his land on their demesne supplies, (fn. 9) which their men can declare (affidare) to be their supplies (de mensa eorum).
Huic autem donationi et concessioni interfuerunt: I[sabella] comitissa, et Jordanus de Blossevilla, et Richoardus de Torcheio.
[1121–1129.]
(Lat. 11,056, fo. 26.)
635. Charter of Randulf (Rannulfus) earl of Chester addressed generally. He gives to the abbey of St. Evroul the church of St. Martial, Croisilles (Crusillis), with all its appurtenances, for ever, saving royal service. [He does this] for the love of God, and for himself, and for the soul of his uncle [earl] R[ichard] who gave it before him, and for those of all his predecessors.
Test[ibus]: Roberto de Avrinc[is]; Rad[ulfo] dapifero; Roberto Carbonel; Ric[ardo] de Col’; Roberto de Duse; Gisleberto de Avri[n]c[is]; Rogero Baneista; Ricardo de Giznai.
[1121–1129.]
(Lat. 11,055, fo. 30.)
636. Charter of Randulf (Ranulfus) earl of Chester, addressed to all his lieges (fidelibus). For the weal of his soul and his ancestors’ he gives the abbot and monks of St. Evroul, the church of Bifeilt, in England, in frankalmoin, [as] given them by his predecessor (antecessor) Richard earl of Chester with all its appurtenances and one carucate of land quit of scutage and tallage (escuagio et tallalio) and all other earthly service; also, in England, of the gift of Hugh earl of Chester, a hide of land in little Pilardentona, and the tithe of Brichella and a villein (rusticus) and the tithe of Sauleia in Bochingehamscira; of the gift of Robert de Roelent his man, the vill of Cherchebia with two churches belonging to it, at Merestona the church with the whole tithe and eight tenants (hospitibus) and two carucates of land there, at Chester the church of St. Peter of the market-place and three burgesses; of the gift of Roscelin, the earl's man, the whole tithe of sheaves, lambs, and porkers at Stantona; of the gift of Osbern “filius ceuxonis” (fn. 10) (sic), the tithe of Neobotha; the tithes of Forefort and Oxcamde, given by Baldric de Lindissi and the tithe of Brisard “ad Lindissi,” with the tithe of the land of Roger de Millaio in Normandy; the church of Croissiles, which Richard earl of Chester gave them, with all its appurtenances, [with other gifts, specified, in Normandy].
Test[ibus] Hug[one] Maubaent; (fn. 11) Moraito de Lineriz; Ricardo filio Baldrici de Lindissi; Rogero de Combraio, et aliis multis.
[1136–1144.]
(Lat. 11,056, fo. 25d.)
637. Notification by Geoffrey count of the Angevins, son of Fulc, king of Jerusalem that he confirms to the monks of St. Evroul possession of all that belonged to them in the time of king Henry his predecessor. They are not to be impleaded concerning them; and his friends wheresoever they may be, are entreated to uphold and defend them.
[? 1156–7.]
(Original in
archives, (fn. 12) H. 564.
Trans. Vol. 1.
fo. 210.)
638. Charter of Henry II., confirming to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul free from all earthly service, whatever they held at Molins and Bonmolins and in the bailiwick thereof, and granting that all their men there be quit of all dues, tolls, tailles, aids, cartages (carriagiis), murages, and scutages, carrying-services, ditching, and all other distraints from himself. The abbot and monks are to enjoy therein all his own rights, save the pleas of the sword (de spata); and all their food and raiment is to be quit throughout his land of England and Normandy and the comtés of Anjou and of Maine, especially in sea-ports, from all dues, etc., under penalty of ten pounds. He also confirms the gifts of William count of Ponthieu, Robert earl [of Leicester], G[aleran] count of Meulan (Mellenti), William de Sancto Serenico, Simon count of Evreux, William de Rumara, Richard de Altifago, Richer de Aquila, Richard Fresnel, Walquelin de Ferrariis, and Amaury de Gaceio etc.
Teste me ipso; et Arnulfo Lexoviensi episcopo; Ricardo de Humeto senescallo Normannie; Roberto[de Harecort (fn. 13) ], et Godardo de Vaus. Apud Cadomum.
[? 1156–7.]
(Lat. 11,055,
fo. 21d. (fn. 14) )
639. Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He confirms to the abbot and monks of St Evroul their possessions in his castles of Molins and Bo[n]molins and their bailiwicks [specified], also their privileges. And he confirms to the abbot and monks the agreement between them and Roger de Bauchenci, their knight, made in his presence, concerning a mill at St. Evroul. And because a duel was waged (vadiatum) between them concerning the services due from Roger to the abbey for a knight's fee (feodum unius lorice) at Bauchencay and St. Nicholas and for a vavassoria of land, that duel has been settled (concordatum) before him and Richard de Humeto his senescal of Normandy in his Exchequer (Eschekario) at Caen, as follows:—Roger is to serve the abbot and monks, for the knight's fee, with horse and arms in the king's commands, and as he shall be summoned by them at the king's commands, and shall serve them also for the vavassoria. He also grants a general confirmation of their possessions.
Teste me ipso, et Arnulfo Lexoviensi episcopo; Ricardo de Humeto senescallo Normannie, et Roberto de Harecort, et Godardo de Vaus. Apud Cadomum. (fn. 15)
[1153–1181.]
(Original in archives, H. 901.
Fragment of seal. (fn. 16) Trans. I. fo. 281.)
640. Charter of Hugh (hog’) earl of Chester. He confirms the agreement between the abbey of St. Werburg, Chester and the abbey of St. Evroul, namely that the former is to pay the latter annually 30 shillings in silver for the vill of Kircheby and the monastery and for all the rights there of the abbot and monks of St. Evroul.
Testibus: Radulfo de Meinegari[no] (fn. 17) ; Conano; Ricardo de Liveto; Ricardo de Cumbray; Radulfo filio Warin; Alveredo de Cumbray; Rogero de Liveto, et alii[s].
[1156–1163.]
(Lat. 11,055, fo. 27d.)
641.Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He notifies that the church of St. Peter of Sap, with the chapel of St. Martin, the tithes, men, lands and other appurtenances, and the entire tithes etc. etc. within the parish of St. Peter had been adjudged (recognita) to abbot Robert and the monks of St. Evroul … by twelve lawful knights and other men of the vicinage of Sap (de visneto Sappi), against his uncle Robert the king's son (filius regis), and Matildis his wife, who claimed it all as belonging to their lay fee, on St. Cecily's day [Nov. 22] at Rouen before Rotrou bishop of Evreux, then his justice for all Normandy; and as the abbot and monks had been unjustly troubled and disturbed, in the matter, repeatedly since, by Robert and Matildis, he has at length made a concord between them as follows: all the particulars mentioned above are to remain for ever the possession of the abbey in frankalmoin. And because at the time they had not their own seal, at their request and earnest entreaty, he confirms this agreement to the abbot and monks by his own seal, against all claims of Robert and Matildis his wife, and for this concession and concord Robert and Matildis have received in his presence two palfreys worth twenty pounds of Anjou, the property of the abbey. This peace and concord is to be faithfully observed by both parties.
Teste me ipso; Rotrode Ebroicensi et Arnulfo Lexoviensi episcopis. Apud Rothomagum.
[1159–1180.]
(Lat. 11,055, fo. 23.)
642. Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He confirms to the abbey of St. Evroul all its possessions and privileges in Normandy [specified.]
Teste me ipso; Ernulfo Lexoviensi, Frogerio Sagiensi episcopis, et Ricardo de Humez tunc temporis senescallo meo Normannie. Apud Sagium.
[Ante 1176.]
(Lat. 11,056, fo. 34.)
643. Charter of Richer de Aquila son of Richer son of Gilbert addressed generally. He confirms to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul the liberties of their men at Auguaize (Auguesia), especially in the matter of what is commonly called Cornage (quod vulgo Cornagium dicitur). He further confirms all privileges granted by his predecessors.
Testibus: Odelina uxore mea; Gilleberto et Richerio filiis meis; Gilleberto de Tileriis; Willelmo capellano meo; Willelmo Baudran; Willelmo de Fontenil; Roberto de Avena; Willermo de Malnoier; Ricardo fratre eius et aliis multis.
[1164—1167]
or [1174—1179]
(Original in archives H. 937.
Trans. Vol. I.
p. 249)
644. Letter of Robert bishop of Hereford and Roger bishop of Worcester addressed to Robert the prior and the brethren of Bermondsey (Beremundshea). The writers command them, by apostolical authority, that they are to warn the earl of Leicester to give satisfication to the monastery of St. Evroul concerning the church of Wideford, and employ every means in their power; and, unless he do so, they are, on the second Monday after St. Hilary, to attend before the bishops, at Criechelada, and make answer therein to the proctor of the monastery; if they are unable, for good cause, to attend on that day, they must be careful to send the bishops a sufficient answer, with their letters patent, etc.
1174.
(Original in archives,
H. 925.
Fragment of seal.
Trans. I. fo. 243.)
645. Notification by R[oger] bishop of Worcester that the claim of Walter the clerk, of Haselton, against the monks of St. Evroul, concerning the church of Rawell, which Walter maintained to be subject to his church of Hallinghis, has been delegated to him by pope Alexander, and has been settled before him as follows: the church of Rawell is to pay the church of Hallinghis one pound of incense on Easter Eve for ever, so that the church of Hallinghis may claim nothing more; and the monks shall pay Walter the clerk, in consideration of his labour and expenditure, six shillings from their revenues at Rawell, by the hand of their proctor, half at Easter and half at Michaelmas so long as he lives. The abbot and monks of St. Evroul have written to him [Roger] that they will ratify whatever Richard, the monk, their general proctor for England, should undertake in his presence. The said Richard and Walter the clerk have promised to observe this agreement, pledging their faith in his [Roger's] hand. This agreement was made in the year 1174 [MoCoLXXIIIIo].
His testibus: Ada abbate Evesham; Roberto priore de Kenilleword[e]; Symone archidiacono Wygorn[iensi]; magistro Moyse; magistro Waltero; magistro Silvestro; Gilberto capellano; Samsone clerico.
[?1190]
(Lat. 11,055, fo. 28.)
646. Charter of Richard I. addressed generally. Roger de Toenio and Gilbert Crispini de Tilleriis have, in his presence demised to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul, free from all carthly dues to them and their heirs, especially from escuage (escuagiis) and [castle] guard (gardis) the church of Garnevilla with its tithes, lands, and all appurtenaces, and all the men whom the monastery has in that parish of the fee of Conches and the fee of Tillieres, and freedom from pannage for their swine in the forest of Conches. For this, the abbot and monks have in his presence, given each of them a hundred shillings of Anjou and a horse worth that sum. And as they were about to leave for Jerusalem and had not their seals with them, he at their prayer and earnest request, confirms this agreement by his own seal, against all claims for ever.
Test[ibus] me ipso: Johanne Ebroicensi episcopo; Roberto comite Leic[estrie], et Roberto filio ejus, et Willelmo filio Radulfi, et Willelmo de Mara. Apud Vernolium.
[? 1190.]
(Lat. 11,055, fo. 25.)
647. Charter of Richard I. addressed generally. He confirms to the abbot and monks of St. Evroul all their possessions and privileges in Normandy [specified]
Teste me ipso: Johanne Ebroicensi episcopo; Roberto comite Leicestrie et Roberto filio ejus, et Willelmo filio Radulfi senescallo Normannie tunc temporis et Willelmo de Mara. Apud Vernolium.
[1203–1206.]
(Original in archives, H. 907. Trans. Vol. I.
fo. 241.)
648. Charter of William bishop of Lincoln confirming the gift by [his] dear son Robert earl of Leicester to Hubert prior of Ware, namely a house at (de) Cherleia, with all lands and all other appurtenances and liberties, in accordance with the earl's charter, also a carucate of land in the essarts of Ainesti, as in that charter.
Hiis testibus: magistro Alexandro, et Waccar[io] capellano et Thoma de Likerton, Lincolnensis ecclesie canonicis; magistro Willelmo filio Fulconis; Adam de Sancto Eadmundo, Willelmo de Staveneby; Gileberto de Iwareby clerico; Gamaliele persona de Novesby; Ricardo persona de Belgrave; Gilleberto de Clenefeld’; Petro et Carolo clericis, et multis aliis.
[1187–1190.]
(Original in archives.
(fn. 18) Seal broken.
Trans. Vol. I.
fo. 212.)
649. Charter of Nigel lord of Monbrai. With the consent of Mabira his wife and of his sons, he gives to St. Mary's of the Hermitage of Colomba, for the weal of his soul and those of his [pre] decessors, four acres near the church of St. Mary of Margerei to be enjoyed free of all secular claims.
His testibus: Roberto capellano; Willelmo Malaherba; Nicholao de Beslii; Radulfo clerico; Roberto clerico; Willelmo de Maisnileio, et aliis.
(Original in archives, H. 925. Trans. Vol. I. fo. 219.) Vidimus by the abbot of Lire in 1236, of the following:—
1176.
[Circ, 14 March.]
650. Charter of Roger bishop of Worcester, notifying that he grants, the chapter of Worcester consenting to the abbot and brethren of St. Evroul all the ecclesiastical possessions they possessed before his time in the diocese of Worcester, to be enjoyed for ever to their own use, namely, the church of St. Peter of Roucella with all its appurtenances, on condition that the abbot and brethren cause that church to be fittingly served; at Winton, two-thirds of all the tithes of the demesne; at Weston, the same; at Wilecote, at Pebworte, at Merston Le Botiler, at Hosteshulle, the same; at Haleford the same and the tithe of the mill. At Lower Pilardintone two-thirds of all the tithes of the demesne and the land of the franklins (francolanorum (fn. 19) ) and likewise two-thirds of the tithes of the franklins (fn. 20) of Upper Pilardintone; also the tithes of their produce (nut[ri]m[ent]orum) and all their substance there to be retained and held to their own use for ever, saving the rights of the see of Worcester.
Facta vero hec nostra concessio et confirmatio ad instantiam et petitionem nobilis viri Roberti comitis Leycestrie anno verbi incarnati MoCoLXXVo. Lond[onie] tempore celebris congregationis archiepiscoporum, episcoporum, abbatum, et priorum Ang[lie], regum patris et filii, et magnatum regni Anglorum, facte per vocationem Hugonis Petri Leonis Sancti Angeli diaconi cardinalis, apostolice sedis legati. Teste (fn. 21) Roberto comite Leicestrie; Roberto abbate Croilandie; Johanne de Salesberia thesaurario Exoniensis ecclesie; Simone archidiacono Wygorniensi, Radulfo capellano nostro, et Roberto monacho; magistro Moyse, et magistro Silvestro, et aliis.
[N. D.]
(Original in archives, H. 900.
Fragment of seal.
Trans. I. fo. 300.)
651. Charter of Parnel (Petronilla) countess of Leicester. For the weal of her soul and those of all her predecessors and successors, she gives the abbey of St. Evroul and its monks the house (domus) of Charleia with all its appurtenances, etc., and a carucate of land in the vill of Anesty and her “demesne” meadow there and the mill, with its suit and ten “codselli” (fn. 22) of land … with their appurtenances on condition that the prior to be placed there by the abbot shall not be removed from that house so long as he is of honourable and good life.
His testibus: Thoma de Estleia; Radulfo de Martinwas; Willelmo Picot; Willelmo de Sennevilla; Symone de Turvilla; Radulfo Fridai; Gregorio capellano; Willelmo capellano Jordano clerico, et multi alii.
[1196. (fn. 23) ] 1 Dec.
(Original in archives, II. 905.
Fragment of seal.
Trans. I. fo. 319.)
652. Notification by H[ubert] archbishop of Canterbury primate of all England and legate that the dispute concerning the church of Hales, between the abbot and monks of St. Evroul (Ebrulfus) and A. Pantol, the clerk, (fn. 24) has been argued at length before him, and that the said A. [Pantol] has spontaneously renounced before him, on his oath, all the right he claimed to have in the church of Hales, saving only to himself the custody of the said church for fifteen years, paying annually to the abbot and monks five marcs at Michaelmas. This renunciation was made on Advent Sunday next after the consecration of J[ohn] bishop of Worcester, the custody of the church being committed to the said A. Pantol from the same date.
His testibus: Galfrido de Botland; magistro R. de Straufford; Roberto de Breston’; Ricardo de Ringest’; Thoma de Bramtester et alii.
(Cartulaire de Normandie, fo. 44.) Vidimus by Odo, archbishop of Rouen, Feb. 1255, of the following:—
[1190–1204.] 653. Charter of Robert earl of Leicester, son of earl Robert and of Parnel (Petronille) countess of Leicester, notifying that for the weal of his soul, and [those] of his father and mother and all his predecessors, he gives and grants to the abbey of St. Evroul, and its abbot and monks, all that they have in his land, free of all earthly service and due, so that they may render no service for it to anyone but God, nor [be liable to] aid or taille, or relief, or ward, nor their men on that land either; namely in Normandy and in England the land given by that illustrious man, Hugh de Grentemesnil great-grandfather of his mother (proavi matris mee), who founded the monastery, and by himself and his lieges, and by William son of Osbern, his father's ancestor (attavi) etc. The following gifts are named [at Grentmesnil, Quévilly, Anglesqueville, Breteuil, etc. etc.]. In England: at Leicester, all the whole tithe of his demesne, namely from the reeve's office (prepositura), the bridges, Holegate, the mills, the fisheries, and the orchards (virgultis) which are now, or shall be in the town; in the whole forest of that town, in the reserved parts (defensis) namely, and in the upper (alta) forest, and elsewhere through the whole forest of Leicester, the full tithe of all pannage and herbage, [and] hunting, and studs (haratiis) of horses or mares, and of all crops and agriculture (fructibus et agriculturis), and mills, and ovens, and fisheries, and forestrents (censibus), and churches, and chapels, and offerings (obventionibus) which may arise from present or future purprestures within it, with quittance of pannage for 100 swine of the convent of St. Evroul, annually, in the reserved parts, and in the upper forest, and elsewhere throughout the forest, with his own [swine]; nine burgesses within the walls of Leicester, and five without; the tithe also of all his demesne land in the town; the church of St. Sepulchre without the city (civitatem), with all its appurtenances; the church of Belegrave with eleven virgates of land, and the two chapels of Burestallum and Thurmaston (Curmodestona (fn. 25) ), with the tithes, lands, and other appurtenances, and the chapel of Luq’ stoa with all its appurtenances, and in Curmodestona one virgate of land; in Mora three virgates of meadow; in Thurcaston (Torkilestona), the church with all its appurtenances, namely the tithe of Crepstona and of Anesti with one carucate of land; in Glenfield (Deneflet (fn. 26) ) the church with two virgates of land and the chapels of Brandestona and of Carobi, with the tithes and other appurtenances; in Rotebi two-thirds of the tithe of his demesne in all things of which tithe is given and received, and so has the monastery of St. Evroul in all the demesnes of Leicester; in Grobi the chapel with all its appurtenances and two-thirds of all the tithes of the demesne and the essarts; in Soltona five virgates of land, with the tithe of all his demesne and essarts and field (plano); also quittance there of pannage and herbage for the monks’ swine at (de) Pellinguis; in Cherchebi a virgate of land; in Pequintona the tithe of the demesne and of the lands of Robert Aries and of Picot; in Sapecota the tithe and a carucate of land; in Crepist the tithe of the demesne; in Broxtona two-thirds of the tithe from one carucate of land; in Senebi likewise; in Willebi likewise, and from the demesne of Richard son of Custa, and one carucate of land; in Pellinguis, the church with all its appurtenances and seven carucates and three bovates of land; in Semidestona, the tithe of the demesne; in Lactona likewise; in Languestona likewise with one virgate of land; in Upper (Alta) Languestona (sic) two-thirds of the tithe from one carucate of land; in Estantona two-thirds of the tithe of the demesne; likewise in Sanctona; in Novellaium, the church, with all its tithes, lands, and other appurtenances; the churches of Carlentona and Bortona, with five virgates of land and the chapel of Ilvestona, with all their tithes; in Sanctona, the tithe from five and a half carucates of land; in Glen two-thirds of the tithe of the demesne; in Northona likewise; in Octona(?) likewise; and from the demesne of the monks at (de) Estotebie, which they hold of the fee of Leicester; in Bothebi likewise, from two halls (aulis); in Humbristona likewise from two halls and one virgate of land; in Estona likewise and one virgate of land; in Evintona likewise; at Inguaruibi likewise; at Siglebi likewise; in Torp and at Walcehan likewise; at Wuudeuat likewise and from three halls; in Edewaltona likewise; in Essebi and Welledona likewise; in Wellefort likewise, and one virgate of land; in Aendona, the tithe of the demesne; the vill of Little Pilardenton with the whole tithe of the demesne; also the two-thirds of the tithe of the franklins (francolanorum) of that land; in Rothincona a carucate of land as free and quit of all service and due as the land there held by the monks of Radingues; in Waruic two burgesses; the vill of Checlentona, with the church and tithe and lands and other appurtenances; the manors called Fecota and Morcota which Adelina de Ivreio daughter of Hugh de Grent[mesnil] and Aeliza his niece (neptis ejus) gave to St. Evroul with his consent; in Istelabe a hide of land and the men dwelling thereon, and the vill of Willecota with all its appurtenances; in Mildentona the church with all its appurtenances, and all the land there that is of the fee of Leicester; in Nemboth the tithe of the demesne; in Sibestona and Sipeford the tithe of the demesne; in Cherlentona, in Bedefort sire, the chapel and half a virgate of land and the tithe of all demesnes; at Bratingebi, at Winquinq’ stone’, and Willebi the tithe of the demesne; at Wares the church, with the chapel of Tozriche, with the tithe, wood, men, lands, meadows, and its other appurtenances; the church of St. Martin of Deerefort with all its appurtenances both in wood and field (plano); at Wares the whole tithe from the park, that is, of sale[s] and pannage and herbage, and stud and hunting and of all crops (fructibus) and profits (obventionibus) which may thence arise, and the whole tithe of all his food from his kitchen (quocuina) at Leicester and at Wares, and one stag at Christmas in the forest of Leicester, the tithe also of all sheep and lambs’ wool and of cheeses and the young of geese and poultry and sheep and swine of the earl and countess of Leicester, throughout all the fiefs of Grentemesnil and Leicester; quittance also for the food and raiment and all the substance of the monks of St. Evroul, and of the servants who eat their bread, from all due and custom throughout his land and that of his men in Normandy and England, so far as it is declared (affidari) to be their own, etc. etc.… Should any of his heirs or his bailiffs knowingly infringe this charge, he will incur the wrath of Almighty God and his [the donor's] curse.
Testibus: Philippo de Albigneio; Gilleberto de Mineriis; Nicholao de Gloz; Guidone Drocensi; Symone de Gran[au (fn. 27) ]lier cognato ejus; Willelmo Fresnel et aliis multis.
ABBEY OF ST. MARTIN, SEÉS, FOR BENEDICTINE MONKS, IN THE DIOCESE OF SÉES.
[Cartulary in Archives of the Orne, H. 938. (fn. 28)
1086, 17 May.
(Cartulary No. cxviii.)
654. Notification that in the year 1086 there came together before Robert de Belismo, at Belesme, Picot (fn. 29) de Saio and Droco de Coimis to plead concerning the dower which William de Coimis, brother of the said Droco, had given Adeloia his wife, whom, on his death, Picot had married, and wished to enjoy, as was just, so long as she lived, the dower her first husband had given her. And this agreement was made the Sunday next before Pentecost. Many being assembled on both sides, friends and neighbours of Picot and Droco and Adeloia, etc. … Robert de Belismo wishing to make peace between his barons Picot and Droco, begged Picot and Adeloia his wife to keep, in peace and friendship, a portion of the substance they held in dower or claimed from Droco, and to grant the rest to Droco with goodwill. What [need for] more? Yielding to the prayers of their lord Robert and their friends, Picot and his wife granted to Droco half the demesne, etc. … And Droco granted to Picot and his wife half the whole demesne held in Roiseium the day this agreement was made, in the said court, by Robert de Belismo, etc. Lastly, in the sight of 40 knights or more, in the said court, Droco pledged (dedit) his faith to Picot, that he would keep faith (fidem ei portaret) therein, and would not seek to injure him, etc., so long as his wife Adeloia lived. Droco also included in this (misit in eadem fiducia) all that Picot and his wife sought to acquire, by their plea, of the rest of the dower, etc (fn. 30)
IIanc concordiam et fidei dationem viderunt Rotbertus de Belismo et multi alii.
1087.
(Liber Albus, fo. 84.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 177.
Cartulary, No. cclvii.)
655. [Notification that] when Robert son of Tetbald (fn. 31) felt himself in great bodily weakness, and had lost, in his extremity all hope of life, and was dreading more and more the pains of hell, he received good counsel from his faithful friends, and for the salvation (remedio) of his soul, and for the help [of those] of his successors as well as his predecessors, he arranged, as a prudent man, to distribute some of his substance. In this sickness, therefore, in the year 1087, the said Robert gave St. Martin's Sées and the brethren there serving God, both present and future, freely as alms for ever, a certain manor (mansio) in England, near Arundell”, Totintona by name, with all its appurtenances, Hugh his son, who was present, granting it. He begged also that he might be buried near the said Saint, where lay his wife Emma, because he knew it was certain that the prayers of the brethren there dwelling would avail him with God. [And] he was honourably buried in the cloister of the said monastery, where Emma his wife had already been placed, in another part of it. When the above manor was given, William the monk received it by a branch of a cherrytree (ramum de ceraso), which he placed, at Robert's bidding, on the altar of St. Mary of Wath. When Robert gave, and William the monk received it the following were present and saw it:—
Gaufridus decanus de Arundello; Andreas (fn. 32) Cenoman[nen]sis; Robertus de Petehorda presbiter; Corbelinus, Hamelinus et Turstinus de Petehorda.
[? 1087–1093]
(Liber Albus, fo. 4.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 175.Cartulary, No. ccliii)
656. Charter of Roger [earl] of Shrewsbury (Scrosberiensis) giving—for the souls of his most sweet lord William duke of the Normans and king of the English and of queen Mathildis, for his own, and for those of his wife Mabel (Mabilia) and all his predecessors and successors—with the consent and approval of his sons and daughters, to God and St. Martin of Sées, and the monks there serving, or to serve, God in alms for ever, Fissaburna, and Wath, and Hanton with all its appurtenances, and Arintona, and the tithe of Senegaia and Orunvelle, and Herlingtone, and the church of Hertinges for a brother of the countess Mabel, who was made a monk in that monastery. Robert the sheriff, son of Tetbald, gave Totintona to the same saint at his death, with the consent of [earl] Roger and his sons. Norman the huntsman, with the consent of them all gave the tithe of all his lands. Eudo son of Hubert gave the tithe of Neiselles. All these gifts were made in the time of the most excellent duke of the Normans and king of the English, William, and of queen Mathildis. Earl Roger, Hugh his son granting it, gave St. Martin of Sées the church of Dodelabria with all its appurtenances, and Belingeham wholly free of all forfeitures.
Testantibus: domno abbate de Glocestria (fn. 33) Serlone, atque Bernardo de Novomercato, et Rogerio venatore, et Fulcone fratre Alcherii, (fn. 34) et Gisleberto de Condowere, et Wodeboldo (fn. 35) sacerdote, et Herberto archidiacono, et subscribitur confirmatio Willelmi (fn. 36) Regis et signum ejus; [Signa] Rogerii comitis Scroberiensis; Alani comitis (fn. 37) ; Hugonis comitis Cestrensis; Walchelini Roberti filii Hamonis; Ethonis senescalli; Hugonis de Montegommereio. Testibus: Hamone Piperello, et Ricardo filio Corbellini, et constabulario, et Roberto filio Corbellini, et Ricardo Belhomesio.
[? 1086–7.]
(Liber Albus, fo. 7.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 176.)
657. [Memorandum that] earl Roger gave, in England, two small vills (villulas) namely Gath and Fissaburna and forty shillings of tithe from Stotona and Hantona; in Cambridgeshire (vicecomitatu) he gave, the countess Mabel granting it, the churches of Erningatone and Senegaia with the land of the priests and all the tithes of Oruuella. (fn. 38) He likewise gave the church of Hertinges with the tithe and another church beyond London (Lundras).
And after the death of countess Mabel [1082] earl Roger gave for her soul a moiety of Clenpi[n]ges with all the rents belonging to it, etc. And beneath (subscribitur) is the confirmation:
Signum Guillelmi regis et aliorum plurimorum; [Signa] Guillelmi filii ejus; Roberti episcopi: Rogerii comitis; Roberti comitis de Valle-moritonii.
[N.D.]
(Cartulary, No. ccxxxviii.)
658. Letter of earl Roger addressed to his most dear son Robert of Belesme. He wills, directs, and allows that everything Gilbert son of the bishop (fn. 39) has given God and St. Martin for his soul, in vineyards, mill, and lands belonging to the earl's fief should be granted and confirmed by Robert to hold good against all men. He also directs that this shall be done for everything that Gilbert's mother may have given in lands and other rents of his fee. As to those she may have given of the fee of other lords, Robert is to ask them to give their consent for love of the earl and of himself.
1091, 7 Nov.
(Cartulary, No. cxxxix.)
659. Charter notifying that Robert Bigot and Emma his wife in the year 1091, “viioidus Novembris,” for the soul of their son Robert and for their own, gave God and St. Martin and the brethren at Sées a metairie (meteariam) on the sea, at Pirou, in the Côtentin and a vavassor with 10 acres of land, etc. … For their son Robert, who was made a monk there three days before, had been honourably buried the same day, as a monk in their cemetery.
Hujus rei testes fuerunt Haimericus de Lonreio etc.
1093.
(Cartulary, No. ccliv.)
660. Notification that Roger Baolt, a knight of earl Roger gave God and St. Martin and the brethren at Sées, present and future, in the year 1093, the tithe of one ploughland (quarruce) at Arondel, and of all his stock (nutriture) in animals and other beasts. This gift he made in their chapter and joined them on the terms that if he should wish to become a monk he would either come to their monastery or would take the monk's “habit” by their counsel. Should he die a layman, they will bury his corpse, on all his substance being made over to them.
Hujus rei testibus: Rotberto clerico filio Mainardi; Rainfredo et Willelmo filiis Busonis.
1093.
(Liber Albus, fo. 85.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 177. Cartulary, No. cclviii.)
661. [Notification by the monks that] William de Polleio, a faithful man devoted to God, in the year 1093, first of the Indiction, twentieth of the epact, gave God and St. Martin and the brethren living, or to live, in the monastery of Sées, for his soul and those of his predecessors and successors, in Devonshire, a third part of the tithe of the crops (annona) on his manor of Bochelande, and the whole rightful tithe of all else there, oxen, sheep, swine, wool, lambs, calves, colts and fillies, (equis seu equabus) fish, honey, cheese, butter; and at Calcantone the same; and at Guichelia, Bottefort, Cadeberia, Boeleia, Blacaleva, Pedeleiga, Stoch, Sirigvilla, and the three manors of Ralf son of Goiscelin, and Sandfort the manor of Ascelin and the other land held by him of William de Polleio, and the two manors of Herbert “the senescal,” and at Orfadesora,—from all these, the tithe as at Bocheland and from all other manors and lands of which William de Polleio or his predecessor had the tithe, as at Bochelande; and the tithe of the skins of stags.
Testibus: Rogerio Apostolico milite, et Widone de Bochelande (fn. 40) ; Radulfo filio Gotscelini; de hominibus monachorum, Roberto de Constantino; Johanne filio Liebur; Hugone Caly (fn. 41) ; Johanne portario; Haimone elemosinario; Serico presbitero. Et subscribur confirmatio ejusdem Willelmi (fn. 42) et signum ejus; signum (fn. 42) Rogerii Apostolici.
1096 (?).
(Liber Albus, fo. 85.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 178.
Cartulary, No. cclix.)
662. [Notification that] afterwards in the year 1096, (fn. 43) the said William de Polleio, desiring to increase his endowments, gave St. Martin and the brethren of the abbey the tithe of Leuga, a manor of his in England, as he had already granted at Bochelande and the other manors aforesaid, also a certain manor named Baraberga, a part or member of Bochelande, with its own hall in that vill, and with oxen, sheep, serfs, maids, and all rents or dues belonging to that member. All this and his other gifts his son Robert granted. And these witnesses saw and heard [it]:—
Ex sua parte, Robertus de Osereto, et Guido filius Westmarie (fn. 44) ; ex parte abbatis, Radulfus marescaldus; Robertus de Costantino; Wismunduscocus; Unfridus (fn. 45) venator; Tetbaldus filius Roberti; Herlechin (fn. 46) ; Girardus pistor. Et. subscribitur confirmatio Willelmi de Polleio et signum (fn. 47) ejus; signum Roberti filii ejus (fn. 47) .
And all the above gifts were made for the soul of his wife Basilia and for those of his predecessors and successors; also the whole rightful tithe of the mill in a certain vill called Alberica
(Liber Albus, fo. 85.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 179.
Cartulary, No. cclx.)
663. Notification that Roger de Monte Begonis, and Sezilia his wife have given God and St. Martin's, Sées and the monks there serving, or to serve God, in alms for ever, all the tithe they had in the territory of Beaumont (Bellusmons) in the place called Forest, near the road leading to Le Mans. And it is to be noted that this tithe was the dower (dotalium) of Sezilia's mother, Eva, who gave it to this her daughter, who afterwards marrying the above Roger, had this tithe for her marriage-portion (maritatu), by permission of her brothers and friends, with others of her relatives. This tithe Roger and Sezilia gave for their souls and those of all their predecessors and successors, adding much else of their substance, namely the tithe of Calisei, and the church of Tit, with all [its] tithe, and all the tithe of their demesne between Ribble and Mersey (Ripam et Mersam), and even beyond the river called Ripa. Moreover Roger and his wife and Robert a brother of Roger, have this arrangement with the monks of St. Martin: at their death, they are respectively to commit (reddere) their bodies to the monastery for burial and all their property (facultates); and the monks of St. Martin are to do for each of them in alms and prayers what they would do for a professed monk of their own congregation. They have also undertaken that if at any time, Roger or Robert should wish to become monks, they will not do so save in the monastery of St. Martin; and if Sezilia should ever wish to enter religion (mutare habitum) she will not do without the counsel of its brethren. Roger and his wife have also given St. Martin two men in Calisei. Of the said gifts these were witnesses, seeing and hearing [them]:
Fulco filius Alberici; Haimericus filius Seziliæ Herbertus filius Fulconis; Paganus filius Odonis; Goscelinus filius Gilleberti; Warnerius filius Hermefredi; Heugelbertus (fn. 48) de Lencay; Rogerius frater Roberti monachi; Herbertus cocus; Gunterius filius Fulcherii; Girardus filius Beloie; Petrus nepos Rainaldi monachi (fn. 49) ; Robertus de Constantino; Radulfus marescallus.
1094.
(Liber Albus, fo. 86.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 180.
Cartulary, No. cclxi.)
664. Notification that earl Roger, called “of Poitou” (Pictaviensis), in the year 1094, gave to God and St. Martin and the brethren at Sées, in alms for ever, the church of Lancaster with all its appurtenances, and part of the land of that town, from the old wall to Godfrey's orchard, and as far as Presteguet, and two manors (mansiones) near Lancaster, Andeduva (fn. 50) and Neutona, and Ansfrid de Montegommerici with all that he held of the said earl, and the churches of Hessan, and Prestetona, and Estanesberia, and Cotegrava, and Cropil[le], and Wichelai, and Calisei, and the churches of St. Peter of Lincoln, and Walinguore (fn. 51) and Navzebeia, (fn. 52) and Bodebeia, with their appurtenances and the tithes of Hales, and Derbeium, and Salfort, and Risebeia, and Bissepephen; and the tithes of all his mares, cows, and swine when they come to the larderer; and Hervey the priest of Torp and Benedict of Eia, and all that he holds of the earl, and the tithes of the churches of all the land of Albert Greslet, and the tithe of Warin Boissel at Brestona, and the tithe of the land of Roger de Monte Begonis at Calisei and Tablesbeia and Tit and all his demesne between Rible and Mersey; and four men of Ralf Grenet in Sulfoc.
[Testibus: Hec omnia supradicta sicut liberaliter concedit comes Rogerius sancto Martino ut nullus suorum super ea potestatem habeat exceptis monachis. Testibus: Godefrido vicecomite; Olivario de Tremblet; Ernaldo Barberoto; Rogerio de Monte Begonis; Alberto Greslet; Rogerio filio Ernaldi; Herveo presbitero; Ansfrido de Montegommerio; Ricardo Estormit’. (fn. 53) ]
1094.
(Liber Albus, fo 86.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 181.
Cartulary, No. cclxii.)
665. Charter of earl Roger, called “of Poitou,” [who] gave in 1094, ten pounds a year until he should assign [land] worth ten pounds a year. And if anyone should desire the prayers and benefits of the monastery of Lancaster, the earl most gladly grants that he may give as much as half his land. And if anyone without heir of woman (absque herede mulieris) should wish to give his whole land, and should there assume the monastic garb, to be a monk of St. Martin's, the earl grants that he may. And St. Martin is to hold all as freely as himself etc. (fn. 54)
Testibus: Godefrido vicecomite; Olivario de Tremblet: Ernaldo Barberoto (fn. 55) ; Ansfrido de Montegommerio; Radulfo Ghernet; Willelmus de Raines, et alii.
1098, 27 Aug.
(Liber Albus, fo. 87.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 182.
Cartulary, No. cclxiii.)
666. Notification that Arnulf [de Montgomery] son of earl Roger, a man of great worth and highly esteemed, so loved the brethen at Sées that, on Aug. 27, 1098, (fn. 56) in the chapter of St. Martin of Sées, Serlo the bishop and Ralf the abbot being present, he gave the brethren of Sées, living and to live in the abbey of St. Martin of Sées, in alms for ever, for his soul and those of his father Roger and his brother Hugh, who was slain that year, the church of St. Nicholas at Pembroch, a castle of his in Wales, and 20 carucates of land, together with all that his men had given or should give the abbey (fn. 57) ; and he promised that he would give other land of his, lying in England sufficient to provide footgear (calceamenta) for the brethren of the abbey. This gift he made [in order] that he might retain nothing for himself of all the rents and dues of that land, giving even his woods (lucos) for the needs of the monks, namely for building and firing and pannage throughout his demesne.
Hujus donationis testes fuerunt Eustachius de Marcevilla; Hugo tilius Warini vicecomitis Scroberie; Robertus de Humfranvilla; Rogerus dispensator; Ricardus de Graio (fn. 58) ; Girardus et Godefridus de Vinaz.
[Circ. 1100.]
(Liber Albus, fo. 87.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 182. Follows No. cclxiii.
in Cartulary.)
667. [Memorandum of] the payments due to St. Martin of Sées and the brethren of Panbroc from (de) Heldrenesia; from (in) the church of Pagana 40 shillings; from Prestitonia 20 shillings; from Scachelinges 20 shillings; from the castle church 20 shillings; from Forhingham 4 shillings; from Donestat (fn. 59) 15 shillings; from Witfornesel, [where are] two churches 45 shillings; from Essintona; from Carlintona 10 shillings; and from the chapel where Roscelin sings [mass] 10 shillings.
Et subscribitur confirmatio Arnulfi et signum ejus. (fn. 60)
1098.
(Liber Albus, fo. 88.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 186.
Cartulary, No. cclxv.)
668. Another version of the above charter, not mentioning the circumstances of the grant, stating that the yearly ten pounds from England were to be charged on the tithes of his churches there, and to be applied, half to the footgear of the (calceamenta perpetreuda (fn. 61) ) brethren at Sées, and half to the brethren at Pembroc or their buildings. The witnesses are the same, but there are appended the names of those who witnessed the king's confirmation.
[Signa] regis; Anselmi archiepiscopi; Wilfridi episcopi (fn. 62) ; Arnulfi filii Rogerii comitis; Roberti filii Hamonis.
[? Circ. 1105.]
(Cartulary, No. cclv.)
669. Charter of Savaric son of Cana and Muriel his wife granting to God and St. Mary and St. Martin's, Sées and Ralf the abbot (fn. 63) and the monks the church of Isemburna, with its appurtenances as Herlingus held it, if Herlingus should [so] grant it. Also his [Savaric's] pasture (viridarium) both old and new, if he should remove his residence (mansionem mutare) thence.
Testes sunt hujus concessionis: Ricardus de Mereio, et Lucia uxor ejus, et Radulfus capellanus. Concedunt quoque et testes sunt; Radulfus et Savaricus filii ipsius Savarici; Herveius Belee; Willelmus filio Alberti; Alexander de Sancta Maria; Pinellus Vrito; Fulco camerarius Basso. Isti omnes de hominibus Savarici. Ex hominibus quoque Ricardi de Mereio: Ingelgerius et Alexander filii Ricardi; Radulfus, dapifer; Alveredus filius Alberti. Et subscribitur confirmatio (fn. 64) Savarici et signum ejus: signum (fn. 64) uxoris ejus.
[1125–1128.]
(Liber Albus, fo. 89.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 186.
Cartulary, No. cclxvi.)
670. Charter of William archbishop of Canterbury and legate of the apostolic see addressed to B[ernard] bishop of St. David's and all sons of the church. He testifies to having been told by the king at the council held at Westminster that earl (comes) Arnulf gave the churches of all his land in Wales and the tithes, [and] twenty carucates of land, with much else, and ten pounds’ worth (libratas) of tithes from the churches he held in England to the monks of St. Martin's, Sées, and that the king had given and granted the same to the said brethren, some of whom dwelt and dwell at Pembroc. For his part he grants and confirms this, as the king himself confirms it in his charter.
Testibus (fn. 65) : episcopis Wintoniensi Willelmo, Seifredo Cicestrensi, (fn. 66) et Johanne Roffensi. (fn. 67)
(Liber Albus, fo. 89.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 187.
Cartulary, No. cclxvii.)
671. Notification by Hugh bishop of Durham that the dispute between Nicholas prior of Lancaster and Norman the clerk concerning the church of Mellingues and the chapel of Wirsingueham has been thus settled in his presence: the prior has granted Norman the said church and chapel, to be held, for his life, from St. Mary of Lancaster, for an annual pension of 20 shillings, 10 at Pentecost, and 10 at Martinmas. By the authority committed to him by the pope, he confirms this arrangement, to which they have pledged their faith (fidei interpositione).
[? 1094.]
(Liber Albus, fo. 89.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 187. Cartulary, No. cclxviii.)
672. Charter of Roger count of Poitou (comes Pictavensis). Printed from Inspeximus in Monast. Ang. VI., 997, and in Chetham Society XXVI., 8, from the Cartulary, with more witnesses.
(Liber Albus, fo. 90.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 189.
Cartulary, No. cclxix.)
673. Charter of John count of Mortain. Printed from Inspeximus in Monast. Ang. VI. 997, and in Chetham Society XXVI., 12, from the Cartulary, with more witnesses.
(Liber Albus, fo. 90.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 190. Cartulary, No. cclxx.)
674. Charter of John, 26 March, 1200. Printed in Rotuli Chartarum I., 40, and in Chetham Society XXVI., 16.
(Liber Albus, fo. 90.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 191.
See Chetham Society XXVI., 113.
Cartulary,
No. cclxxii.)
675. Charter of Hugh bishop of Coventry, notifying that in consideration of the poverty of the monks of St. Martin of Sées, and their good reputation and humility, he grants them for ever six marcs a year from the church of Crostonne, to be paid by that clerk whom the monks, to whom rightfully belongs the presentation, shall present to him or his successors, three marcs at Michaelmas and three at Easter; and if the clerk fails to pay within fifteen days of the appointed time, he shall be bound to pay a penalty of ten shillings in addition.
[1189–1199.]
(Liber Albus, fo. 97.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 193.
(Cartulary, No. cccxxxiv.)
676. Charter of Hugh abbot of Sées and the convent, notifying that they have granted to Robert de Borna, servant of the lord John count of Mortain (Mauritonio), and his heirs all the holding that was held of them by Osbern priest of La Rogate, except the churches of La Rogate and Hertingues, with their appurtenances, paying the prior of Arundel, yearly, for the said holding fifteen shillings, namely forty-five pence each quarter. Robert and his successors are to render the same dues to them and the said prior as Osbern did.
1196.
(Liber Albus, fo. 97.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 192.
Cartulary, No. ccxcix.)
677. Charter of Hugh (fn. 68) abbot of Sées and the convent addressed generally. They grant to the monks of Hest and Mendeham (fn. 69) all their portion of the church of Mendeham, with all its appurtenances, for ever, for an annual rent of 100 shillings sterling (stellingorum), half at Michaelmas and half at Easter, after the decease or resignation (recessum) of Benedict dean of Mendeham, on condition that the said Benedict is to pay the monks of Hest the pension of five marcs, which he used to pay to themselves, which pension the monks of Hest are to pay [back] to them at the said terms. This was done with the assent and [good] will of Roger de Huntingfeld, (fn. 70) knight, patron of the said portion, which patronage they have granted to Roger, that Roger and his heirs, and also the monks of Hest themselves may the more faithfully keep this agreement.
Facta fuit hec charta anno ab incarnatione Domini MoCoXCVIo (fn. 71) His testibus: S[ansone] abbate sancti Edmundi; (abbate de Hulmo; magistro P. de Eilneia; Herberto priore de Sancto Sepulchre de Neford; R. decano de Eief’; magistro O. de Hopot[una]; magistro H. de Bort; Simone de Flenlindun; W. filio Walterii; Ingelgero de Guisnon; Waltero de Rovinton; O. de Corchum; Huberto Waltero; Radulfo de Modef[orda]. (fn. 72) )
ABBEY OF ST. MARY, SILLY, FOR PREMONSTRATENSIAN CANONS, IN THE DIOCESE OF SÉES
[Original Documents and Copies in Archives of the Orne. MS. Lat. 11,059 in Bibliothèque Nationale. (fn. 73) ]
[N. D.]
(Original in archives Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 297.)
678. Charter of abbot Warin (Garinus) and the whole convent of St. Pierre-sur-Dives notifying that they have granted to their lady the empress for ever the land of St. Leonard of Gouffer to do what she will with it; for which grant she has given them ten pounds of Anjou.
His testibus: R[otrodo] episcopo Ebroicensi; Godarto de Vallibus; Roberto filio Hamonis; Willelmo de Angervilla; Laurentio capellano (fn. 74) filio Roscelini. Datum apud Pratum.
[N. D.]
(Original in archives, H. 1433.
MS. lat., fo. 24d.)
679. Charter of the empress Mathildis addressed to the bishop of Sées and her officers etc. of Argentan and of Normandy, French and English. She gives to St. Mary of Goffer and Drogo its founder and the other brethren the land of St. Leonard of Goffer which she bought from the abbot of St. Pierre-sur-Dives for 10l. of Anjou, and the house of Columbellus and his land in the new bourg of her castle of Argentan etc.
His testibus: Rotrodo episcopo Ebroicensi; Godardo de Vallibus; Roberto filio Hamerici; Guillelmo de Angervilla; Laurentio capellano; Roscelino filio Clarembaldi; Hugone in ederico(?); Galtero de Genes. Apud Rothomagum.
[1154–1164.]
(Copies in archives,
H. 1096 and H. 1367.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 294.
MS. lat., fo. 24.)
680. Charter of the empress Mathildis, daughter of king Henry addressed to the archbishop of Rouen and all her officers of Normandy, especially those of Argentan. For the souls of her father king Henry, her mother queen Maud, and her husbands (sponsorum) Henry emperor of Almain (de Alle mannia) and Geoffrey duke of Normandy and count of Anjou, of her son William, and for her own weal [and that] of Henry king of England and her children, she gives in alms for ever to St. Mary of Gouffer and to Drogo its founder and all the brethren there serving God a certain waste etc.… and the land of St. Leonard which she bought from the monastery of St. Pierre-sur-Dives.
[1154–1164.] His testibus: Rotrodo episcopo Ebroicensi; Willelmo filio meo; Godardo de Vall[ibus] (fn. 75) ; Roberto filio Hamonis; Roscelino filio Claremb[aldi] (fn. 76) ; Willelmo de Angervilla; Laurentio capellano; Hugone capellano; Eustachio de Forehia (fn. 77) ; Galtero de Gelneia. (fn. 78) . Apud Rothomagum.
[1156–7.]
(Copy in archives, H. 1096.
MS. lat., fo. 24b.
See Delisle's
Cartulaire Normand, No. 8.)
681. Charter of Henry II. addressed to all his officers of Normandy and especially to those of Argentan. He gives to St. Mary of Guffer and Drogo its founder and all the brethren there lands in Normandy [specified] for the souls of king Henry his grandfather and Geoffrey count of Anjou his father, and for the weal of the Empress his mother, including the land of St. Leonard of Goffer which the Empress bought from the monks of St. Pierre-sur-Dives.
Testibus: Matilde imperatrice matre Regis, et Thoma cancellario, et Gaufrido et Willelmo fratribus regis, et Huberto de Vallibus, et Huberto de Helyun. Apud Rothomagum.
[1158–60.]
(Original in archives, H. 1433.
MS. lat., fo. 25d.)
682. Charter of Henry II. addressed to the archbishop of Rouen and all his officers of Normandy. He confirms the first charter of the empress supra.
Testibus: Thoma cancellario, et Man[essero] Biset dapifero, et Richardo de Luci, et Roberto de Dunst[anvilla], et Stephano de Bello Campo. Apud Argentonum.
[1156–1159.]
(Copy in archives, H. 1359.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 295.
MS. lat., fo. 24b.)
683. Charter of the empress Mathildis, daughter of king Henry addressed to the bishop of Sées and all her officers of the vicomté of Argentan. She gives in alms for ever to St. Mary of Gouffern and Drogo its founder and the other canons there serving God two muids of wheat and one of barley, every year; from her mills of Argentan.
His testibus: Herberto episcopo Abrincatensi (fn. 79) ; Villelmo de Angervilla; Stephano de Bellocampo; Eustachio de Forchia (fn. 80) ; Waltero filio Ernaldi. Apud Rothomagum.
[1156–1159.]
(Copy in archives, H. 1359.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 296.
MS. lat., fo. 25d.)
684. Charter of Henry II. addressed to all his officers of Argentan, confirming the above charter of the empress.
Testibus hiis: Thoma cancellario; Stephano de Bellocampo; Maness[ero] Biset dapifero; Ricardo scriptore. Apud Rothomagum.
[1165–1174.]
(Original in archives, II. 1098.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 296.
MS. lat., fo. 26.)
685. Charter of Henry II. addressed to the archbishop of Rouen and all his officers of Normandy. He grants to the church of St. Mary of Guffer and the canons there serving God, the church of St. Leonard, which Robert de Sancto Leonardo has given them in almoin for ever, with all its appurtenances.
[1165–1174.] Testibus: Frogero episcopo Sagiensi; Ricardo archidiacono Pictaviensi; Ricardo de Humeto constabulario; Manessero Biset, dapifero; Willelmo de Curceio dapifero; Roberto de Hasting[es]; Roberto de Bruecourt; Hugone de Morevilla. Apud Argentonum.
[1176–1181.]
(MS. lat., fo. 26.)
686. Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He grants to earl William de Maundevilla all the land which Robert de Say has rightfully given him [Norman locality] and that which Nicola de Bel Altel has rightfully sold him [Norman locality].
Testibus: Gaufrido comite Brittanie; Willelmo comite Gloecestrie; Roberto comite Leegr[ecestrie]; Richardo de Aufay; Gaufrido de Sai; Widone de Sancto Walerico; Simone de Bello Campo; Hugone Talebot; Gilleberto de Ver. Apud Wintoniam.
[1176–1181.]
(MS. lat., fo. 30.)
687. Charter of [earl] William de Mand[evilla] notifying his grant, in frankalmoin for ever, to the canons of Silli of his houses at Blancfosse, which he has from Robert de Saieto.
Hiis testibus: Guillelmo abbate de Mort[uo]mari; Hugone capellano; Henrico de Ver; Radulfo de Mandevilla; Richardo de Mont[e?]; W. ejus filio; W. bruncoste; Wiscard Ledet; Roberto de Lovetot; Roberto Wascel[ini ?]; Radulfo de Corendone (fn. 81) ; Hugone de Cambai Henrico fratre suo; Gilleberto clerico; Radulfo de Burnovilla; Thoma clerico.
[1176–1181.]
(MS. lat., fo. 30d.)
688. Charter of William de Mandevilla, earl of Essex, granting to his serjeant (servienti) Hugh Torel, for his service and homage, the land he has bought from Richard Coue, etc.
Hiis testibus: Willelmo abbate de Mortuomari; Hugone capellano; Henrico de Ver; Radulfo de Mandevilla; Guichardo Letet; Hugone de Cambrai; Henrico de Cam[brai]; Adraano fratre suo; Thoma clerico; Gilleberto de Pratis; Hugone de Albitin’; Huberto de Thalamo; Tostano Lorloc, et plures alii.
[1184–9.]
(MS. lat., fo. 25d.)
689. Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He grants to St. Mary of Goufer and its canons the gift of Robert de Clopel and Fulc and Gilbert his sons of their right of presentation to the church of St. Lambert as given by them in his presence and that of Walter archbishop of Rouen, and with their assent and that of Fulc de Aunou, Robert's lord, at the city of Sées, etc.
Testibus: Gaufrido filio et cancellario meo; Stephano de Tur[onis] senescallo Andegavie; Petro filio Guidonis; Haimeric filio Ivonis; Willelmo de Mara; Willelmo filio Aldelini; Gilleberto filio Rainfridi; Hamone Pinsc (fn. 82) [erna]; Stephano de Turneham (sic). Apud Andeg[avum].
[? 1190.]
(Vidimus in archives, II. 1098.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 298.)
690. Charter of Richard I. addressed to all his officers of Normandy. He takes under his protection Ralf abbot of Silly (fn. 83) and all that abbey and all its property. They are therefore to guard all this as of his own demesne etc. …
Teste Willelmo abbate de Mortis mari, apud Andegavas (fn. 84) xiij. die Januarii.
1202.
(Original in archives, H. 1418.)
691. Notification of the settlement of a dispute between the abbot and convent of Silly and Warin de Bello Altari. The abbot and canons are to hold of him and his heirs all that William earl of Essex held in the fief of Bel Autel (Bello altari) from Robert de Fay, Garin's father, etc.
Actum est hoc apud Cadomum et rotulo scacarii confirmatum regnante Johanne rege Anglorum (sic), Radulfo Tesson senescallo Normannie, Anno verbi incarnati MoCCo secundo.
ABBEY OF ST. MARY, LA TRAPPE, FOR CISTERCIAN MONKS, IN THE DIOCESE OF SÉES.
[Original Documents in Archives of the Orne.]
[1159–1162.]
(Ancient transcript in archives, H. 1863. (fn. 85)
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 310.)
692. Charter of Henry II. addressed to the archbishop of Rouen and all his officers of Normandy. He gives to the abbey of St. Mary of La Trappe and the monks there serving God, in frank almoin for ever, for the weal of his soul and [those] of his predecessors, heirs and successors, his farm (meiteiria) of Maheru, etc. [full details].
Testibus: H[ugone] archiepiscopo Rothomagensi; A[rnulfo] episcopo Lexoviensi; F[rogero] episcopo Sagiensi; Ricardo de Humeto constabulario; Gaufrido de Bonmoulin; Herberto de Sancta Scolastica. Apud Argentonium.
[1159–1162.]
(Original in archives, H. 1863.
Portion of seal.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 311.)
693. Charter of Henry II. giving the same farm, for his weal and that of his children, and for the souls of his predecessors.
Testibus: Arnulfo episcopo Lexoviensi; Frogero episcopo Sagiensi; Roberto filio comitis Legrecestrie; Ricardo de Humeto constabulario; Gaufrido de Bruecort; Gilberto fratre suo; Herberto de Sancta Scolastica. Apud Argentonium.
1191.
(Original in archives, H. 1846.
Trans. Vol. III.
fo. 312. (fn. 86) )
694. Charter of Mathildis countess of Perche, confirming a gift of lands [Norman] by Girard de Aspris, with the assent of all his sons, of his wife Mary, and his eldest son's wife Annete, to the abbey (domui Dei) of La Trappe.
Teste me ipsa, apud Mauritaniam.
ABBEY OF ST. PETER, ALMENESCHES. FOR BENEDICTINE NUNS, IN THE DIOCESE OF SÉES.
[Original Documents in Archives of the Orne.]
[Circ. 1194.]
(Original in archives.
Fragment of seal.
Trans. Vol. I. p. 1.)
695. Charter of Seiffrid II. bishop of Chichester. In consideration of the poverty and the high reputation of the nuns of Albenesches (sic), he assigns them, from compassion, an annual pension of 15 marcs from the churches of Clinpingh[es] Rustintun[e] and Fordes, namely, 100 shillings from that of Clinpingh[es], a moiety at Easter and a moiety at Michaelmas; sixty from that of Rustintun[e] similarly; forty from that of Fordes similarly.
Hiis testibus: Ricardo thesaurario; magistro Silvestro archidiacono; magistro Radulfo de Fordes; magistro Willelmo de Kainesham, canonicis Cicestrie; Roberto de Lond[onia] capellano; Stephano et David clericis, et aliis multis.
[? 1190.]
25 June.
(Original in archives.
Fragment of seal.
Trans. Vol. I. p. 2.)
696. Charter of Richard I. addressed generally. He has taken under his protection the abbey of Aumaresches, its nuns and its possessions. They are therefore to be guarded as his own etc., etc.
Teste me ipso xxvj. die Junii, apud Chinon.
ABBEY OF ST. MARY, LONLAY, FOR BENEDICTINE MONKS, IN THE DIOCESE OF LE MANS.
[Cartulary. (fn. 87) ]
[1156–1159.]
(Cartulary of Lonlay.
Trans. Vol. II.
fo. 93.)
697. Writ of Henry II. as king etc., and count of Mortain addressed to his barons, officers, and foresters. They are to allow the abbey of Lonlay to enjoy all its privileges in his dominions, and especially in his (fn. 88) forest of La-Lande-Pourrie (Landa Putrida) as in the time of king Henry his grandfather. No one is to wrong the abbey, or exact fresh dues from it, or diminish its rights.
Teste Ricardo de Lucy, apud Lyons.
[1171, Aug.]
(Cartulary of Lonlay.)
Trans. Vol. II.
fo. 94.)
698. Charter of Henry II. addressed generally. He grants to the abbey of Lonlay and its monks quittance of all dues, throughout his dominions and the seaports, on all that their men can declare to be intended for their food or clothing. Ten pounds penalty for infringement.
Test[ibus] (fn. 89) (Johanne?) de Oxentfort; Ricardo de Canvilla (fn. 90) ; Symone de Tornebu. Apud Motam de Ger.
[1183–8.]
(Cartulary of Lonlay.
Trans. Vol. II.
fo. 94.)
699.Writ of Henry II. addressed to all bailiffs in whose bailiwicks the monks of Lonlay hold lands. They are to enjoy all their accustomed rights, and no one is to do them wrong.
Teste W[illelmo] clerico de camera, (fn. 91) apud Domfront.
[1190, 24 June.]
(Cartulary of Lonlay.
Trans. Vol. II.
fo. 94.)
700. Charter of Richard I. addressed generally. He has taken under his protection the abbey of Lonlay and everything belonging to it; and it is therefore to be guarded like his own demesne. Any wrong done to it is to be promptly amended. It is to enjoy all the privileges it was entitled to in his father's time, and in that of his other predecessors, as ascertained in the assize of the king his father at Domfront. It is not to be impleaded for any of its holdings except before himself, or before his chief justice while he is in the service of God on crusade (in itinere Hierosolimitano).
Teste me ipso apud Turonum, vicesimo quarte die Junii.

Footnotes

1 See Delisle's Mélanges de Paleographie et de Bibliographie (1880), p. 477.
2 M. d'Anisy's Transcripts are restricted to the documents in the archives of the Orne.
3 Ed. Société de l'histoire de France.
4 Rectius: “Saieo.”
5 No longer there now.
6 No longer there now.
7 Robert d. 1088.
8 “Comte de Wares” erroneously in Inventaire Sommaire.
9 “de dominio suo de mensa sua”; but the Inventaire renders it “leur domaine de Mensa.”
10 Rectius: “Tezsonis.”
11 Rectius: “Maubaenc.”
12

The text and treatment of this charter require a special note. The “original,” transcribed by D'Anisy, is in the liasse, H. 564, which contains, as stated in the Inventaire Sommaire, two documents. One of these, which the compiler seems to have overlooked, for he does not describe it, is an Inspeximus of this charter in 1400. The other is the charter itself, now much injured by gall, and in parts almost illegible. The Inventaire gives a detailed analysis of it, but makes the singular mistake of converting the benefactors, whose gifts are confirmed, into witnesses, reading: “Témoins de Guillaume comte de Ponthieu, R. comte de Leicester,” etc. It also omits, among the true witnesses, the name of Robert de Harecort. Lastly, it positively assigns the document, at the outset, to “1176,” but dates it at the close, as “vers 1170.”

D'Anisy seems to have omitted in his Transcript, without giving any indication of the fact, the important transactions relative to Roger de Bocquencé, [the Inventaire Sommaire reads “de Bachevent” in error] supplied on next page from the Cartulary; and he carelessly left out the words “de Harecort” in the list of witnesses, thus misleading Mr. Eyton, who took “Robert” to be a brother of Godard de Vaus (pp. 22, 342).

Mr. Eyton himself, who assigned the charter, by a slip, to “St. Stephen's abbey at Caen,” held that it belonged to the end of 1156 or beginning of 1157. Reference to his work will show that the witnesses fairly suggest that date. But the name of Godard de Vaus is the only real evidence, and that not conclusive. The date is of importance, for if the charter belongs to 1156–7, its mention of the Norman exchequer (which was not known to Mr. Eyton) was an exceptionally early one. Much turns on the style of “seneschal” given to Richard du Hommet. Mr. Eyton, not unnaturally observed “read Constable,” but that portion of the text which was not known to him, assigns to Richard both the style and the position of Seneschal, and D'Anisy had correctly copied the word. We know from a Mont St. Michel document (No. 716) that Robert de Neufbourg was the Dapifer (i.e, Seneschal) of all Normandy in 1157, and presided as such “in assisa apud Cadomum”; while he and bishop Arnulf had been jointly in office in 1155. It is therefore highly improbable that Richard could have styled himself Seneschal in 1156–7, though he may have done so for a while at a later time, cf. No. 643.

This charter has a special value as being the only one now remaining in the archives, by which can be tested the highly suspicious “Teste me ipso” of the king, which heads the list of witnesses in some of the St. Evroul charters (Nos. 628, 642–3) entered in the Cartulary. It is clear, from this document, that the phrase was not an invention of the Cartulary scribe; but the fact of its occurrence in the documents themselves must throw the very gravest doubt on their authenticity.

13 Omitted in Transcript.
14 Cartulary version of preceding charter.
15 Cf. “Eyton,” 22, 23.
16 Now lost.
17 Trans.: “Meinegar.”
18 No longer there now.
19 Trans.: “Casanorum.”
20 Trans.: “Franco Lamerville.”
21 Sic.
22 This word is omitted as illegible in Transcript.
23 Assigned to “1224” in Inventaire Sommaire.
24 Trans.: “A. clericum Pantot’.”
25 Sic.
26 Clearly a misreading for “clenefelt.”
27 MS. damaged here.
28 Modern copy from Liber Albus of the Abbey. The original is now at Sées among the episcopal archives. D'Anisy, as usual, did not mention where was the Cartulary from which (as “Liber Albus“) he transcribed; and the folios given by him do not agree with those of the Sées Cartulary, as recorded in the margin of the Transcript at Alençon. There is moreover sufficient discrepancy, in some of the documents, between this Transcript and his to suggest a different exemplar, This is a matter for local investigation. The variants in the Alençon Transcript are noted where of any consequence. The numbers of the documents are also supplied from it (as the “Cartulary”).
29 See Domesday I., 258.
30 Provisions in case of breach of the agreement.
31 See Domesday I., 256b.
32 H. 938 here inserts the words “nepos ejus; Johannes.”
33 Sic in H. 938; Trans.: “Glocestric et.”
34 “Fulcoio fratre Alberi,” H. 938.
35 “Godebaldo,” in H. 938.
36 The cross inserted here.
37 In H. 938, after the earl of Shrewsbury, the names are Hugonis de Montegomerii; Hugonis comitis Cestrensis; Alani comitis; Henrici (sic) comitis de Guarenne [probably Henry earl of Warwick]; Walchelini episcopi; Rotberti filii Hamonis; Eithonis senescalchi. Testibus Hamone Piperello, et R[icardo?] filio Corbelini, et G. constabulario, G. et Rotberto filio (sic) Corbelli, et Ricardo de Bello Mesio.
38 Trans: “Ornuella.”
39 Son of bishop Gilbert by Emma his wife.
40 “Rochela” in H. 938.
41 “Calvini” in H. 938.
42 Cross inserted here.
43 “MXCV.” in H. 938.
44 “Restemarici,” H. 938.
45 “Gunfridus,” H. 938.
46 “Roberti, Herlechin,” H. 938.
47 Cross inserted here.
48 H. 938 inserts “filius” here.
49 H. 938 “mo.”
50 Rectius:“Audecliva.”
51 Trans.: “Walingnore.”
52 Trans.: “Nauzebeia.”
53 Supplied from a corresponding charter and from H. 938, cclxi.
54 H. 938 here continues:—” and after the earl had granted this, Geoffrey de Ria gave the monastery a manor, namely Sanguice and Godfrey the sheriff [gave] the tithes of Bissopohan, and all he had in Lancaster, houses, orchard and lands, and the land he had in little Lancaster, and Ralf Geetier (sic) 4 men in Sutfolc.”
55 After “Barberoto” in cclxij., H. 938 reads, “Radulfo Ghernet; Odone; Rogero de Montebegonis; Alberto Gresleit; Willelmo de Raunes; Rogero filio Ernaldi.
56 “Kal. Septembris” in H. 938.
57 Printed down to here in Monast. Angl. VI., 999, and Chestham Society XXVI., 9.
58 After this H. 938 reads “Danfront.”
59 Rectius: “Donestal” as in H. 938.
60 Cross inserted here.
61 Rectius: “preparanda” as in H. 938.
62 Of St. David's.
63 Bishop of Rochester, 1108.
64 Crosses inserted here.
65 Trans. and H. 938: “Teste episcopo.”
66 Trans.: “Cicesterciensi,” H. 938: “Cicestriensi.”
67 Trans.: “Ross”: “Rost’” in H. 938.
68 “Henricus” in H. 938.
69 “Est de Mendeham” in H. 938.
70 “Huntinguefelde” in H. 938.
71 “MCXVI.” erroneously in H. 938.
72 Names within the brackets supplied from H. 938; Transcript gives only “etc.”
73 A fine 12th cent. Cartulary.
74 “; Clarembaldo” has apparently been omitted in Transcript.
75 Trans.: “Valle”; so also Cartulary.
76 “Dorcest” wrongly in Transcript.
77 “Scotia” in Cartulary.
78 “des Gesneis” in Cartulary.
79 Trans.: “Abrincacensi.”
80 “Scochia” in Cartulary.
81 Should probably be “Torendone.”
82 The “S” dotted beneath for deletion.
83 Said to have died Sept. 1189.
84 Trans.: “Andegavensem.”
85 Clearly spurious in this form.
86 On same fo. is a charter [H. 1846] of her husband count Geoffrey, on his return from crusade, also confirming it.
87 M. D.’ Anisy did not mention where this Cartulary was preserved, and its present deposit is unknown. These Transcripts [1836] are believed to represent the latest reference to its existence. Although the abbey was in the diocese of Le Mans, its original documents are preserved in the archives of the Orne. They are few and unimportant.
88 The writ change here to the plural style, and, as the forest in question seems to have belonged to the count of Mortain, it would appear that the king here associated the count with himself. In that case the writ must be previous to the death of count William [1159].
89 Trans.: “Teste de Oxentford.”
90 Trans.: “Cauvilla.”
91 Trans.: “Cam’.”

Annotations

686 lindsayeagle - (Wednesday 26 Oct 2011 03:35:36)
Incorect assumption - L'Aigle does not = Aquilavilla.<br /> Aigleville (near Evereux), was donated by Richer's father to the monks. Richer is confirming this.
Early Charters of Aigleville.


<--Previous:
Calvados:
Part 3