Index
C

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Institute of Historical Research

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Allen B. Hinds (editor)

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1924

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308-323

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'Index: C', Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice, Volume 25: 1640-1642 (1924), pp. 308-323. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=89510 Date accessed: 01 September 2014.


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C

Cabinet. See Ministers.

Cadiz [Prov. Seville, Spain] :

ships from, with silver, 20, 24, 33, 37, 50.

Virginia ship brought into, 302.

Caesar
-, See emperor
-, Ferdinand III.

Caesar duke of Vendome, natural son of Henry IV of France :

fugitive at Guernsey, 123
-, arrives in London, 125
-, received at Court, queen will not kiss, 127
-, queen mother requests not to visit, 139.

Calais [Pas de Calais, France] :

Bonnefons arrested at, 120n
-, preparations for invasion at, 150
-, proposed to land English troops at, 229.

Calvin :

religion of likely to be set up in England, 117
-, bishops opposed to doctrine, 118
-, religion of Scots, which wish to introduce into England, 133
-, Puritans try to introduce doctrine as anti monarchical, 216.

Calvinists :

banished from Ireland, 268.

Cambridge, co. Cambridge :

king may go to, 223.

Campbell, Archibald, earl of Argyle, Arghil, 292 :

secures islands for rebels, defence against royal fleet, 35
-, submission to king, 220.

Scots desire for chancellor, 229
-, king plans revenge on, 231
-, backs Hamilton against king, 235
-, return to Edinburgh, 242.

-, -, -, Archibald, eldest son of, 292n.

Campbell, John, earl of Loudoun, baron di Lodon, Scottish commissioner to England :

chosen, 15
-, arrested, 38
-, sent to Tower, 38n
-, proceedings continued against, 41.

release contemplated, 50
-, released, mission to Scotland, 55
-, report of proceedings to king, 64.

commissioner to treat with parliament, 93.

falls sick on road, 97
-, reaches London, 99
-, brings ratification of articles, 198
-, Scots desire for Treasurer, 229.

Campbell, James, earl of Kintyre :

commands wing of Scots' army, 72
-, to command levy of Scots for France, 292.

Campden, viscount. See Noel, Edward.

Canarvert. See Dormer, Robert, earl of Carnarvon.

Candale, duke of. See Nogaret, Henry de.

Cannon, Edward, priest :

condemned and reprieved, 265n.

Canterbury, co. Kent :

queen mother stops at, 194
-, king and queen stop at, 296.

-, archbishop of. See Laud, William.

Capello, —, Venetian councillor, 170.

Capuchins :

memorial from city of London against, 100
-, leave their house for safety, 151
-, Commons demand dismissal, 174.

superior arrested, proposal to expel, 207
-, parliament imposes restrictions on, 246
-, obliged to go, 294, 295.

carcasonnes :

taken by English to Constantinople, 115.

Cardenas, Cardines, Don Alonso, Spanish resident in England :

efforts to prejudice Dutch, 6, 8
-, confronts king with promise to protect fleet, 9.

stirs king's resentment for Palatine's arrest, 21, 29.

assurances about marriage proposal, 23, 24.

distressed at loss of Rebecca, 24
-, threatens reprisals if Spanish goods seized, 30.

informs Velada of resentment at delay, 34
-, dispute with Giustinian about precedence, 39, 40, 43.

to stay on as ordinary ambassador, 58, 60
-, first appearance, 65
-, first public audience, 71.

dislike of, 65, 71, 72.

can do all business, 93
-, asks for Irish levies, 112, 131
-, sends courier to Spain, 131, 132.

concerned at loss of Windebank, 105
-, Dutch match takes by surprise, 106
-, mortification at, 108, 112
-, tries to upset match, 116.

tries to prevent reception of Portuguese, 129, 131
-, shows resentment at reception, 137
-, gives way, 161.

asked to set down reasons for not receiving Almada, 132.

London mob at embassy, guards set at, 145
-, incitement to attack embassy, 148.

protests against treatment of Catholics, 161
-, allowed to send courier to Flanders, 174.

offers king advice for resisting subjects, 161.

obtains Irish levies, 164, 203
-, fears may be withdrawn, 182, 187, 194
-, efforts for levies, 199, 216
-, levies stopped, 213.

Charles speaks to about queen mother, 167.

curious about Giustinian's movements, 180
-, employs English priest, 189
-, offers help about Clopton, 191.

difficulty in getting servants released, 219.

threatens reprisals if grapes excluded, 235
-, fears fleet being used against Indies, 290.

packets opened, 241, 243, 244
-, resentment, 245
-, cannot get redress, 249, 257.

pays respects to king on return, 255, 257.

Spaniards want to have charge of Palatine affair, 287
-, tries to prevent levy of Scots for France, 292.

parliament complains to, of arms supplied to Irish, 298.

Cardeñosa, marquis of. See Guzman, Diego de.

Cardinal Infant. See Ferdinand, Infant of Spain.

Cardinals :

objection of pope to creating, 50.

queen's right to nominate, 109.

Care, baron di, ? Colonel John Cochrane :

alleged conspiracy, 231.

Carignan, Prince of. See Tomaso.

Carlisle, co. Cumberland :

Irish troops may be sent to, 46
-, troops at, for offensive, 59.

Scots demand demolition of fortifications, 102.

order to remove garrison, 215.

garrison and munitions to be sent to London, 215, 222.

Carlow, Ireland :

rebellion spreads to, 258n.

Carnarvon, earl of. See Dormer, Robert.

Casale [Prov. Alessandria, Italy] :

failure of Spanish designs on, 78.

Casimir, Prince. See John Casimir.

Catalonia and Catalans, Spain :

disturbances in, 51
-, Spanish ministers minimise, 60
-, defeat royal forces at Barcelona, 121.

Catholic king. See Philip IV of Spain.

Catholic Religion :

sermons urging suppression of, 97
-, attack on Heywood increases feeling against, 100.

Barberino asks for protection from Venice, 106
-, queen asks help of pope in interest of, 117.

Catholics, Roman, recusants, papists, English :

rejected for parliament, 25
-, king orders renewed severity against, 49, 52.

queen holds out hope of assistance from, 52.

Scots' manifesto against, 74
-, Scots destroy houses of, 75
-, peace with Scots means ruin to, 79.

demand for revival of penal laws against, 79, 95, 123
-, proclamation excluding from London, 95.

leaving country in alarm, 93
-, expected severity against, 94
-, attack on Heywood used against, 100.

attack on, outside Somerset House, 97
-, very apprehensive, 102
-, fear at action of Irish, 114.

Scots demand exile and confiscation of goods, 102
-, city demand same, 108.

king asked to dismiss from army, 102
-, parliament demands dismissal from royal service, 103, 127.

Scots suggest payment from goods of, 118
-, money raised from, for king, 127.

severity against, 119
-, king warns parliament of dangers of severity, 123.

alarm at departure of Rossetti, 125
-, riot in London against, 145
-, threatened by rabble, 148.

Puritans hope to use Scots to destroy, 136
-, increasing peril of, 150
-, no security for, 152.

trained bands of Yorkshire mostly, 140
-, pleased at Giustinian protecting Rossetti, 175.

parliament appeals to country against, 151
-, 80 arrested at Portuguese embassy, 154.

parliament insists on taking oath, 165
-, bill introduced against, 174
-, petition parliament for clemency, 179, 180.

outcry against, 189
-, applaud Giustinian's action about Clopton, 193.

regret at Ward's death, 195
-, regret at execution of priests, 285.

disturbance at Portuguese embassy over, 203
-, Lady Arundel flees from persecution of, 230.

parliament orders disarming, 214
-, prejudice of Vane against 218.

may get to rely on parliament rather than on king, 223
-, expelled from London, 251.

guards to defend against plots of, 232
-, alleged conspiracy of, 236, 237, 251.

required to report to parliament, 241
-, Irish revolt stirs feeling against, 246
-, demand for severity against, 264.

alleged share in king's design against parliament, 280
-, general suspicion against, 282.

demand for exclusion from Lords, 288, 291.

apprehensive at queen's departure, 294
-, king promises execution of laws against, 296, 297.

Catholics, Irish :

petition for freedom of worship, 114.

celebrate mass in Protestant cathedral, 114.

revolt of, 240, 246
-, fear of foreign help for, 241.

-, Scottish :

decree in favour of, 223.

-, Spanish, in England :

Cardenas asks parliament to protect, 161.

Cave, Sir Richard :

captured by Dunkirkers, 53.

Cavendish, William, earl of Newcastle tutor of the Prince of Wales :

alleged share in army plot, 163
-, resigns tutorship and withdraws to country, 172.

sent to secure Hull for king, 284.

Cecil, William, earl of Salisbury, Salsberi :

recommended as Treasurer, 261.

Cephalonia, island of, 217 :

despatches dated at, 6, 292.

Symonds controls trade of, 6
-, price of currants at, 11
-, currant trade at, 234, 238.

distress in, 6
-, Aquila at, against order, 11.

request for arrest of Burdet at, 57, 82.

English trading at, appeal for relief, 155, 185
-, appeal for, 204
-, grievances of English at, 239.

Levant Co. moves to improve trade with, 168.

English to be well treated at, 180, 181, 182, 204, 239.

smaller crop from than expected, 252
-, reduction of currant plantation at, 270.

no English merchants domiciled at, 292.

Proveditore of, 11, 270. See also Donado, Giacomo
-, Gritti, Pietro.

Rectors of, 82, 182.

Ceremonies
-, Master of the. See Finet, Sir John
-, Gerbier, Balthasar.

Cesy, Cesi, count of. See Harlay, Philip de.

Chamberlain, lord high. See Bertie, Robert, earl of Lindsey.

-, the lord. See Devereux, Robert, earl of Essex
-, Herbert, Philip, earl of Pembroke.

Chancellor of Scotland :

differences about appointment, 225.

Channel. See English Channel.

chaplains, to Venetian ambassador :

salary of, 58, 68.

Charles V, emperor, 243.

Charles I, king of Great Britain, King of England :

grants patent for currant trade, 168.

Cottington dissuades from accepting sovereignty of Flanders, 177.

revenue from Star Chamber, 178.

1640 :

French hope to force hand through Palatine, 1, 6
-, anxious to know French intentions about Palatine, 4.

French respect more after decision to call parliament, 6
-, French misgivings about attitude, 2, 7.

will be pleased at Baker's release, 3
-, regard for Fielding's mother and Hamilton, 5.

Scots hope to delay military preparations, 4
-, Scots delay sending deputies to, 8.

orders disarming of Scots in Ireland, 4
-, measures to prevent surprise of Berwick, 21.

doubtful about granting Spaniards ships, 5
-, confronted with promises to Spanish fleet, 9.

Spaniards allure by offer of marriage alliance, 5, 23, 39, 66
-, eager to see Velada, 11, 18, 34
-, Spaniards incite against France, 15, 21, 29.

studious delay with Dutch, 6
-, Dutch aware of hostile feeling, 9, 25
-, answer to Dutch, 17
-, further reply, 19.

progress of Strafford in favour of, 8, 12, 17
-, removes Coke, 17.

French require promises from, for Palatine, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17
-, resentment at Palatine's arrest, 10, 21
-, will not give promise, 18, 22.

inclined to hostile measures against France, 12
-, desires quiet for Savoy, 14.

replaces Lindsey by Northumberland at Berwick, 12
-, believes arming will make Scots more submissive, 15, 16.

Spaniards resent receiving Aerssens, 13
-, Spaniards likely to injure Aerssens' offices with, 16.

in no condition to hurt France, 16
-, French fear hostile action, 19.

attitude to Scots commissioners, 17, 20, 21
-, receives them and writes reply to demands, 23
-, persuaded to hear them, 26.

appeal to take steps against pirates, 18
-, prepares for war, 23, 30.

orders Fielding to start, 18
-, offended at departure of Bellievre, 20.

fear that parliament will not oblige, 21, 26, 27, 35
-, persuaded to summon parliament, 23
-, opponents chosen for parliament, 25.

Dutch ask fresh audience of, 24
-, friendly assurances to Dutch, 25, 28, 31.

efforts to win influential parliamentarians, 26
-, inclines to use force, 27, 30.

demands loan of officials, 26
-, does not trust Puritans, 30.

Giustinian to ask restitution of, 27
-, puts off Lorraine, 28
-, Villa has audience of, 34, 36
-, refuses Lorraine's manifesto, 37.

holds secret conference with Scots, 27
-, inclined to accommodation, 31.

offers Dutch mediation with Denmark, 28
-, but not trusted, 29
-, Dutch fear alliance with Danes, 33.

Spanish offers of help against Scots, 31, 42, 43, 45
-, Malvezzi has audience of, 42.

French curious how takes Palatine's release, 32
-, congratulated on release, 33
-, disapproves of terms, 34, 36, 49.

pleased at resolution of Ruthven, 33
-, orders him to fire on city, 35.

inclines to let Leicester return, 33
-, Dutch warn of Spanish arts, 39.

Irish parliament votes subsidies to, 35
-, Irish waiting for signal to invade Scotland, 37.

tries to draw experienced soldiers from Netherlands 36
-, grants pension to King, 55.

opens parliament, speech, 37
-, not easy to be rid of parliament without concessions, 38.

has Scottish commissioners arrested, 38
-, has letter to France printed, 41
-, Leicester speaks to Louis about, 44.

sends for members and insists on supply, 40
-, threatens dissolution, 43
-, dissolves parliament, 46.

unwilling to offend France over Chevreuse, 41
-, French ready to make concessions to, about Palatine, 42.

appoints commissioners for Spanish ambassadors, 45
-, need for money may lead to accept Spanish offers, 46.

expected to impose arbitrary taxes, 46
-, rioting against favoured ministers of, measures to stop, 47.

powerless to help Edinburgh castle, 48
-, queen urges to pursue war with spirit, 52.

efforts to raise money, 48
-, tries to raise loan from Genoese merchants, 53.

reinforces guards of palace, 49
-, messengers to Palatine captured, 53.

efforts to conciliate people, 49
-, pursues gentle methods, sends Dunfermline to Scotland, 52.

Heenvliet tries to turn away from Spanish offers, 50
-, circumspect with Spaniards, 51.

Denmark expected naval assistance from, 51
-, thinks of sending ambassador to Ratisbon, 66.

tries to induce pope to make Ludovic Stuart cardinal, 52.

incensed by action of Scots, 53
-, Loudoun goes as messenger to Scots, 55
-, Loudoun sends report to, 64.

asked to mediate between Denmark and Dutch, 54, 85
-, expected success, 55.

makes Lennox Lord Warden, 54
-, leaves for Oatlands, 56
-, to meet Council at Hampton Court, 60.

incensed at Dunkirkers occupying island, 55
-, thinks of fortifying same place, 60.

desires Venice to give up Burdet, 57, 63, 64, 69, 81
-, notified of appointment of Contarini, 64, 68, 72.

consults ministers about raising money, 58, 61
-, credit not good, 59
-, asks city for loan and refused, 65, 74.

congratulated on birth of Prince Henry, 60, 66, 69, 87, 95.

disinclined to help Palatine and powerless to injure France, 61
-, French glad to get out of trouble with about Palatine, 63.

disturbed by Astley's report about troops, 62
-, decides to go to York, on news of invasion, 71.

dissatisfied with Spanish ministers, 62
-, resents appointment of Cardenas, 65, 71, 72.

makes Roe member of Council, 63
-, puts Cottington in charge of Tower, 74.

hopes from divisions among Scots, 65
-, Scots encouraged by weakness of, 70.

anxious for ambassador from France, 66, 90, 97
-, Richelieu criticises, 77, 78, 81.

expected to seek accommodation with Scots, 71, 75
-, declares Scots rebels, 73.

counties petition to remove arbitrary taxes, 71, 73
-, hope that invasion may compel to summon parliament, 73.

finds army in bad state, 73
-, dangerous position of, 76, 79
-, petition of lords to, for parliament, 76, 77
-, reply to, 78.

device to obtain money for service, 74
-, pepper taken on credit for, 84.

leaves York, 75, but returns on news of Newburn, 76
-, decides to consult peers, 79.

Danish ambassadors ask for audience, 76, 80
-, permission granted, 84
-, proposals to, 85, 88
-, reply, 89.

Tower may prove refuge for, 77
-, Londoners decide to petition, 83.

Scots petition in same terms as peers, 79
-, Scots protest do not wish to fight, 80.

Venice releases Douglas at request of, 82, 83, 104
-, notified of, 88, 94.

expected to summon parliament, 84
-, speech to nobles at York, 86.

Yorkshire supplies troops to, on terms, 84.

Scots ask to treat, 86
-, their response to, 87
-, Scots conditions to, 89, 90
-, submits to terms, 91.

lords obtain loan from city for, 89
-, Strafford's money to pay debts, 98.

sends back Boswell to States to stop supplies to Scots, 90
-, receives Turkish chiaus, 96
-, chiaus take leave of, 106.

elections go against, 91
-, decides not to open parliament formally, 92
-, unwisdom, of 93.

leaves York, expected in London, 92
-, back in city, receives ambassadors, 93.

speech at opening of parliament, 94
-, confirms speaker, effusively apologetic, 95.

proclamation against Catholics, 95
-, agrees to dismiss Catholics from army, 102.

parliament reduces authority, but bound to submit, 96
-, parliament means to deprive of most trusted ministers, 98.

affronted by enthusiasm for Scots, 97
-, receives Scottish commissioners, 99
-, but will not treat with them, 100.

notified of Strafford's arrest, mild reply, 98
-, reopens ports of Ireland to please parliament, 101.

tries to shelter secretaries of state, 98
-, agrees to Windebank's flight, 105.

Scottish demands concern, 101
-, reply to, 102
-, unable to reduce demands, 104.

informed Princess Palatine of Dutch match, 103
-, principal motives for match, 106, 107, 111, 124.

resists proposal for perpetual alliance between England and Scotland, 105.

changes tone after announcement of Dutch match, 108
-, Dutch to arrange settlement with Scots, 109.

tries to prevent decree against bishops, 108.

Irish petition for liberty of conscience, 108
-, informed parliament of Dutch match, 110.

1641 :

resists proposal for triennial parliaments, 111
-, speech to members about bishops and parliaments, 118, 119
-, bill carried in spite of, 122.

queen resents treatment of, 111, 112
-, and urges to desperate courses, 112
-, queen asks pope's help for, 117.

parliamentary restrictions deprive of means of supporting Court, 112
-, and strip of all authority, 114, 127.

informed of appointment of la Ferte Imbault, 112.

receives Dutch ambassadors, 113, 120
-, appoints commissioners for, 116
-, unwilling to let daughter go, 120, 121, 134, 140.

works hard for accommodation with Scots, 113
-, Dutch interposition for, 116, 117.

can no longer entertain queen mother, 114
-, anxious for her to go, 134
-, Richelieu blames over, 137.

efforts to save Strafford, 117, 125, 136, 141
-, creates peers and promotes others, present at trial, 128.

resists idea of synod, 117
-, reprieves Goodman, 119
-, appeal to withdraw, 122
-, asks for clemency, 123, 125.

Orange will accept terms of, 121
-, Dutch ambassadors doubtful of sincerity, 122
-, glad to have pledged, 125.

promises about treatment of Catholics, 123
-, asked to dismiss Catholics from Court, 127.

informs parliament of Dutch match, 124
-, Lords ask to delay conclusion, 126
-, Dutch proposals to, 128.

presence of Scots desired to secure reforms, 125, 140
-, union of England and Scotland to keep in subjection, 127.

Spanish ambassadors take leave of, 125
-, Cardenas asks for Irish troops, 131.

undecided about reception of Portuguese, 126, 129
-, pressure to receive, 130
-, stays ambassador at Salisbury, 132.

asked to ratify bill for triennial parliaments, yields after harsh reply, 126
-, speech in parliament, 126, 127.

Commons incensed at protection of Strafford, 129, 141
-, present at all sittings, 138.

Lords promise to give opinion on Dutch match, 129
-, delayed, 131.

vexed at Palatine's coming but dissimulates, 130
-, sending ambassadors to Ratisbon and Denmark, 135.

admonishes Scottish commissioners for paper published, 130
-, Scottish demands aimed at abolishing authority, 133.

tries to excite suspicion against Scots, 131
-, mischief predicted for, 145.

French object to letting parliament deal with Cesy affair, 135.

Palatine's efforts with against Dutch match, 136
-, receives young Prince of Orange, 142.

objects to Princess Palatine coming to England, 136
-, wants Venice to employ Rupert, 146.

receives Portuguese ambassadors, 137
-, delays second audience, 139
-, receives them, 142
-, concessions to, 143.

cuts down all expenses, 139
-, tries to encourage division between peers and people, 141.

sends money secretly to army, makes Holland commander, 142
-, intention to go to army, 145.

will maintain agreement for Palatine, 144.

consents to completion of daughter's marriage, 145, 147.

appeals to parliament for Strafford, 147, 151
-, excitement against, 148.

servants ordered not to leave Court, 148
-, resents treatment of servants, 172.

parliament warns not to leave London, 149
-, prepares to fly from London, 150
-, dissuaded by Montereul, 151.

governor of Tower refuses to obey, 149
-, appointment of Savile overruled by parliament, 152
-, gives up control of fleet, 153.

alleged conspiracy against people, 149, 150, 153, 160, 163, 172
-, denies, 166.

hesitates but finally agrees to bills, 151
-, reserves decision on Commons demands, 174.

no safe retreat for, 152
-, Cardenas advises about resisting parliament, 161
-, parliament suspicious of, 171.

means to go to Scotland, 153
-, intrigues with Scots, 166
-, letters to Montrose, 167.

appoints Puritans as ministers, 154
-, popularity waning, 167
-, approves Hertford as tutor to prince, 172.

appeals to Venice for Hobson, 155, 156, 158, 162, 228, 256
-, reply to, 159, 160.

Princess Palatine distressed about, 158
-, queen's fears for, 174.

present to Prince William, 160
-, letter to Prince William, 171.

attack on bishops strengthens party, 161
-, Cottington's ruin due to regard for, 177.

may profit by quarrels between Houses, 161, 164, 166.

moves for queen mother's reception in Flanders, 167
-, sends Murray to Holland, 168, 171, 175, 177.

determines to go to Scotland, 171, 179
-, parliament opposes, 174
-, postpones journey, 177.

useless to speak to about currants, 173.

pleased at Giustinian protecting Rossetti, 175
-, grant to for queen mother, 179.

hopes from arrival of French ambassador, 175
-, present at his conference with queen, 176.

asks parliament for a return for concessions, 178.

Dutch reply to about Palatine, 181
-, gets Scots to endorse declaration for Palatine, 182, 213, 224.

hopes from Scottish journey, 182, 183, 193, 199
-, talk of dying away, 187.

Palatine to accompany to Scotland, 183
-, manifesto for Palatine, 184.

regiments require sanction for disbanding, 184
-, orders Irish troops to quarters, 202.

chooses Digby for French embassy, 184, 202
-, makes Bristol gentleman of bedchamber, 202.

representations to against queen going abroad, 186
-, urges her to stay, 187.

fear may use Scots against England, 187, 193, 194, 213, 215
-, suspicion increased, 202, 205, 206, 216
-, idea universally credited, 212
-, alarm about, 215.

Joachimi has leave while away, 189, 211
-, Giustinian to leave London in absence, 207, 224.

concern about Clopton's arrest, 190, 198, 218
-, promises satisfaction, 191
-, scene with Vane, 192
-, reparation, 193, 197, 198, 218
-, pardon to Clopton, 219.

Scots send for, decided to go, 193
-, efforts to stop, 198, 200-202
-, announces intention to parliament, 200.

no fresh deliberation of parliament during absence, 194
-, asked to appoint Viceroy, 198
-, nothing done about bishops, in absence, 207.

chooses Arundel to accompany queen mother, 194
-, requests passage from Dutch, 200
-, present to her, 203.

hopes to win Essex by office, 195
-, means to remove Vane, 198
-, appoints Wyche to Council, 203.

regrets execution of Ward, 195
-, steps to protect Portuguese embassy, 203.

esteem for Giustinian, 196
-, Giustinian to pay respects to, on return, 224.

informs Scots that coming, 201
-, Scots' assurances to, 201, 202.

appoints commissioners to confirm acts and grant pardon, 201, 202
-, parliament sets people to watch, 202.

asks introduction for Cork's sons, 204
-, writes to doge for Medici, 205.

reception at Edinburgh, 205
-, sanguine reports from, 208, 220
-, attachment of Scots to, 215.

tries to win Leslie, 205, 213, 221
-, Leslie's professions to, 210, 220.

parliament sends deputies after, 206, 209
-, will not allow them to treat with Scots, 213.

parliamentary propaganda against, 206
-, parliament more decided about, 210, less fearful, 212.

Scot's enthusiasm for suspect, 208, 212
-, Scots keep army to serve, 212
-, Scots demands of, 221.

probably uncertain of issue, 209
-, doubt about return to London, 213, 223.

Roe asks for instructions, 211, 214
-, Spanish promises to for Palatine, 216.

efforts to win popularity with Scots, 215, 221
-, law for Scottish Catholics at instance of, 223.

measures to resist possible attempt of, discussed, 215
-, alterations to liturgy will help, 216, 220
-, rising of parliament favours, 220, 222.

orders Holland to disband army, 215
-, gives up force for negotiation, 223.

may go to Cambridge, 223
-, Lisola awaits pleasure, 226
-, Giustinian to take leave of, 231.

detained in Scotland by differences about appointments, 225
-, Scots will not have nominees, 229.

plan to destroy Hamilton and others, 231, 232
-, demands enquiry, 235
-, informs Council, 242
-, Hamilton restored to favour, 254.

Roe's report of, 233
-, promise to work for peace of Germany, 266.

surprise at Fleming's movements, 233n.

bill about currants before, 234, 235, 252, 253.

parliament offers support and requests return, 236
-, Scots may not let go 242
-, keep guarded, 245.

declares constancy to Church, nominates bishops, 236
-, proclamation for observing liturgy, 263
-, wins sympathy of Protestants, 264.

Irish rebels proffer obedience to, 240, 268
-, prepared to give Irish Catholics liberty of conscience, 265.

informed of opening of Venetian packets, 244, 248-250
-, apologises for, 246-248, 256, 257, 274, 278
-, promises satisfaction, 249, 255-257, 260
-, Giustinian's letter to, 249
-, Senate's appreciation, 270.

return to London, 251
-, reception, 254
-, tries to conciliate London, 261.

may recover popularity, 251, 252
-, may recover authority, 257, 258.

parliament tries to discredit, 254
-, orders parliament to give up guard, 257.

remonstrance presented to, 258, 261
-, reply to, 261, 268, 272.

dismisses Vane, 258, 261
-, appoints Nicholas secretary, 258.

Giustinian complains to of Dover postmaster, 259, 262.

goes to Hampton Court, 260
-, Venice congratulates on return, 263.

makes Richmond High Steward, 261
-, unlikely to accept Militia Bill, 264.

does not favour La Ferté's mediation, 262
-, La Ferté appeals to for priests, reprieves them, 265.

orders absent M.P's to return, 263
-, Catholic peers respond to, 264.

speech in parliament about military service and Ireland, 268.

1642 :

accused of breach of privilege, 268
-, reply, 269.

means to replace Fielding at Venice, 269
-, Venetian letters to, 275, 287, 292, 298.

fears of revenge from, 269, 271
-, charge against Newport, 272.

cancels appointment of Lunsford, 271
-, measures to restore order, 272.

perturbed at impeachment of bishops, 273
-, dines with Garrett, 277
-, declaration to people, 280, 283
-, letter to parliament, 286.

protests to Lisola, 273
-, Lisola's assurances to, 282
-, emperor's good will to, 287.

forms guard, parliament asks for guard
-, 275
-, measures for defence, 277.

action against 5 members, 276-280
-, Digby accused of advising, 285
-, asked to justify charge, 293
-, abandons it, 294.

withdraws to Hampton Court, 281
-, Essex informs that parliament meeting in city, 281
-, will not agree to this, 282.

proceeds to Windsor, 282
-, hopeless state of cause, 283, 291
-, will not return to London, 288.

parliament takes measures subversive to authority, 282, 288, 290
-, parliament wants to take appointments from, 284, 288.

will not accept mediation, 283
-, Dutch contemplate mediation, 287.

sends Newcastle to Hull, 284.

suspected of appealing to Orange for help, 289
-, fleet required to prevent moves in favour of, 291.

parliament ask for control of national forces, 290
-, La Ferté waits reply to, 291
-, general reply, 293.

instability discourages followers, 294
-, gives way about bishops, 296
-, parliament considers compliance won, 297.

informs parliament of queen's departure, 294
-, queen's hint of foreign intervention for, 295
-, grieved at her going, 296.

promises Andover shall set out for Venice, 295
-, mininsters subservient to, to be made example, 298.

agrees to execution of laws against Catholics, 296, 297.

Orange willing to help, suspicion of more secret plans, 297.

children of :

taken to Hampton Court, 281
-, grieved at departure of mother and sister , 296. See also Anne
-, Charles prince of Wales
-, Elizabeth
-, Henry, Prince
-, James, duke of York
-, Mary, Princess.

household of. See household.

Charles, Prince of Wales :

proposed marriage of Infanta of Spain, 5
-, godfather to brother Henry, 62.

proposed marriage to emperor's daughter, 66.

threat to assassinate, 80.

Scots to be employed in household, 133
-, Hertford made tutor to, 172.

receives William of Orange at palace, 142
-, proposed Orange match for, 237, 262.

takes king's appeal for Strafford to parliament, 151.

to command forces to subdue people, 163
-, queen suspected of wishing to flee with, 241.

talk of giving crown to, 200
-, Newport suggested making hostage, 272.

Phillips accused of trying to convert, 246
-, meets king on return, 254.

tutor of. See Cavendish, William, earl of Newcastle
-, Seymour, William, earl of Hertford.

Charles Louis, Elector Palatine, the Palatine :

efforts for release, 1, 18, 26
-, hope for French concessions to, 8.

concern of Charles about, 4
-, severely guarded, 5
-, Windebank allowed to see, 7.

conditions for release, 5, 6, 9, 10, 13, 14, 17, 18, 41
-, invasion urged to secure release, 12.

resentment at arrest may help union of England and Denmark, 13
-, resentment moderate, 16, 31.

promise required of, 14
-, terms for not approved in England, 15, 34, 36
-, French prepared to release, 19, 22.

resentment of Charles at imprisonment, 21
-, English hopes for release, 23.

efforts to get diet to declare in favour of, 21
-, moves of Hesse and Sweden for, 22, 23.

agrees to French demands, 26
-, released on terms, 29
-, royally entertained by king, 32, 34.

Velada's negotiations affected by release, 30
-, Spanish promises for, 32.

submission to advice of king and Richelieu, 32
-, France ready to grant Weimar army to, 42.

Charles congratulated on release, 33
-, proposed to send to England with Chevreuse, 36.

impression created by release at Vienna, 44
-, ill feeling caused by detention, 49.

stays on at Paris, 45
-, negotiations with, 61
-, allowed to depart, 63.

Dunkirkers capture gentlemen sent to, 53
-, asks England's permission to return to Hague, 67.

Richelieu complains that England unwilling to co-operate for 81
-, Joachimi urges help for, promising co-operation, 98.

treating with Denmark for help, 116
-, Dutch ambassadors to get English troops for, 120
-, Dutch alliance to further cause, 124.

unwelcome arrival in England, 130
-, asks help of parliament, 133, 135
-, emperor hopes to stop parliament helping, 138.

tries to upset Anglo Dutch match, 133
-, Dutch ambassadors bitter against, 135, 136
-, shows resentment over match, 147.

king sends ambassadors to Ratisbon and Denmark to please, 135
-, urges Roe's departure, 138, 139.

Roe to ask for reinstatement, 144, 158
-, and assert king's determination to support, 162.

Giustinian complains of treatment by, 146
-, accompanies king to Scotland, 183, 202.

mother distressed about prospects, 158
-, expects nothing from England, 161.

urges parliament to take up cause, 161
-, little hope of help from, 179, 185.

Bavaria's concessions to, 176, 181
-, prospects at Ratisbon, 185.

Dutch reply about, 181
-, no inclination to help, 182, 227
-, Dutch talk of alliance to help, 224.

declaration of parliament in favour of, 182, 184, 224.

La Ferté urges help for, 187
-, disparages French offers, 188
-, French offers for, 229.

proposal to offer crown to, 200.

Austria holds out hopes of restoration, 211
-, Dutch embassy about, 233.

appeals to Scotland for help, 213
-, declaration of Scots for, 223, 224, 263.

Roe dissatisfied over affairs, 237, 270
-, state of affairs at Vienna, 262, 263, 266, 275, 279, 287, 298.

returns to London with king, 254
-, king demands satisfaction for, 273
-, goes to Hampton Court with king, 281.

secretary. See Nicholls, Francis.

Charles III, duke of Lorraine, 36, 42 :

proposes to visit England, 28
-, Charles refuses to take manifesto of, 37.

Villa sent to get recruits for, 34, 37
-, permission granted for, 41.

opinion upon concessions to Palatine, 185.

Charles, Emanuel II, duke of Savoy :

princes ready to acknowledge mother's claims as guardian, 14.

Châtillon, sieur de. See Coligny.

Chatou, Sciatu [Seine et Oise, France] :

despatches dated at, 101, 110, 112, 116, 124, 135.

Chavigny, count of. See Bouthillier.

Chefniler. See Khevenhüller.

Chevreuse, duchess of. See Rohan, Marie de.

-, duke of. See Lorraine, Claude de.

chiaus. See under ambassadors, Turkish.

Chichester
-, bishop of. See Duppa, Brian
-, King, Henry.

Chin. See King.

Christian IV, king of Denmark, 92 :

encourages Swedes to treat with emperor, 2
-, ready to take up Palatine's cause, 10.

understanding with emperor, 57
-, Charles blames for union with Spain, 54.

regrets troubles in England which deprive of naval help, 51.

proposed English mediation for, with Dutch, 54
-, suggested alliance with England against Dutch and Sweden, 88.

Palatine treating with, for help, 116
-, reports assurances received from emperor, 138
-, holds out hopes of satisfaction from emperor, 139.

Anstruther sent to, 135
-, ready to help Palatine, 178.

Rupert to inform of emperor's friendliness, 253.

Christian Ulric von Güldenlow, natural son of Denmark :

permission to raise regiments for Cardinal Infant, 13.

Christina, queen of Sweden :

appeals to France in favour of Palatine, 22.

Christina of Bourbon, duchess of Savoy, Madame :

princes ready for accommodation with, 12, 14, 18, 24
-, queen and mother inform of proposals, 15.

Charles refuses to move for reconciliation with Venice without incitement from, 15.

sends compliments on birth of Prince Henry, 95.

Church of England, Protestant Church, Anglican Church, Protestants :

peers demand prohibition of new rites in, 79.

preaching ministers demand abolition of canons introduced into, 83.

Williams wrote against ritual in, 101.

parliament considering Laud's ritual, 102
-, Scots demand abolition of ritual, 108
-, parliament condemns Laud's additions, 111.

petition for removal of bishops from, 118
-, parliament divided about, 122
-, Commons decide to retain bishops in, 133.

proposal to alter liturgy, 215
-, differences over, 216, 222
-, resolution of Commons upon, 220.

growing cleavage from Puritans, 222
-, pleased at nomination of bishops, 236.

Puritans charge with helping Catholics in conspiracy, 236
-, efforts to stir people against, 237
-, memorials from country favouring bishops in, 242.

royal proclamation for observance of liturgy, 263, 264
-, Commons demand suspension of liturgy, 288.

regret execution of priests, 285
-, excluded from parliament's appointments, 297.

Cinque Ports
-, lord warden of. See Howard, Theophilus, earl of Suffolk
-, Stuart, James, duke of Richmond.

Cividale di Belluno [Prov. Belluno, Italy], 4 :

Englishman arrested at, 3.

Claudia, Archduchess, of Halberstadt, consort of Archduke Leopold William :

share in Palatinate, 144.

Clavel, lord. See Savile, Thomas viscount.

Clerk, George, sheriff of London :

knighted, 261n.

Cleveland, earl of. See Wentworth, Thomas.

Clopton, Cuthbert, alias Greene, chaplain of the Ambassador Giustinian, 230 :

precautious over, 189
-, arrested, 190
-, efforts for release, 190-193.

sentenced, 191
-, priest condemned with, 195.

to be sent away, 193
-, Vane tries to prevent release, 197.

Talbot's statement of case in Collegio, 195, 196.

reparation for, 197, 198
-, release delayed, 217-219.

pardon for, 219, 227
-, approval of Giustinian's action about, 224.

cloth :

French want to pay Cesy's debts in, 134.

disposed of, for currants, 168, 238, 252.

Clotworthy, Sir John, 241n.

coal :

at Newcastle, value to Scots, 75.

Cochrane, Colonel John.? Care, 231.

Coeuvres, marquis of. See Estrees, Hannibal d'.

Cognet, Gaspard, sieur de la Tuillerie, French Ambassador to the Netherlands :

tries to prevent queen mother stopping at Hague, 205.

Cogneus. See Le Coigneux.

coinage :

plan for debasing of silver at mint, 59
-, opposition to, 61
-, postponed, 65.

Coke, George, bishop of Hereford :

sent to Tower, 272, 273.

Coke. Cuch, Sir John, Secretary of State :

king removes, 17.

Coleman, Walter, priest :

condemned and reprieved, 265n.

Coligny, Gaspard de, sieur de Châtillon, marshal of France :

takes Arras, 66n.

Collioure, Colioure [Pyrenees, Orientales, France] :

English ships lade wheat at, for Roussillon, 144.

Colmen, Richard :

currants laded by, at Zante, 85.

Cologne, Germany, 170 :

queen mother going to, 163, 179, 200, 203, 212, 217, 221.

Countess of Arundel at, 230.

conference at :

France will prove friendliness to Palatine at, 1.

archbishop elector of. See Ferdinand of Bavaria.

commissioners to treat with Dutch ambassadors :

king appoints, 116
-, long conferences, 119
-, announce marriage is settled, 120, 121.

commissioners, to treat with Scots :

several conferences, without result, 90
-, instructed to arrange armistice, 91
-, labours inconclusive, 118
-, tender amount, which accepted, 125
-, reported settlement. 171.

-, in Scotland :

chosen by parliament, instructions, 209
-, king will not allow to treat, 213.

commissioners, to treat with Spanish ambassadors :

appointed, 45
-, reject all idea of offensive alliance, 48
-, negotiations at standstill, 50
-, long consultations without conclusion, 51
-, ambassadors confer with, 62.

-, Scottish. See under Scotland.

Common Pleas, chief justice of. See Finch.

Commons, House of, Lower House, Lower Chamber :

ship money chief question in, 40
-, protests against Lords voting subsidies, 43
-, objection to vote subsidies leads to dissolution, 46.

votes money for English and Scottish armies, controlling expenditure, 98.

justice taking returns to stabbed, 100.

desires guard, 100
-, decision to send ships against pirates, 136.

absolves councillors of oath of secrecy, for evidence against Strafford, 105
-, wrath at king's efforts to save Strafford, 129.

proposes bill for annual parliaments, 111.

desires king and queen to dismiss all Catholics from service, 127
-, suspicious of army, 166.

energy in prosecuting Strafford, 136
-, attainder against Strafford, 141, 145, 148.

king's appeal to for Strafford, 147
-, resentment at, forms a union, 148, 149
-, will not listen to king's appeal, 151.

Lords suspect desire for mastery, 160
-, report on army plot to, 166.

difference with lords over bishops, 160, 161, 164, 167, 207
-, makes alterations in liturgy, 220.

purposely delays agreement with Scots, 164
-, tries to stop king going to Scotland, 193, 200, 201.

petition of Levant Company to, 168-170
-, to grant reprisals against Barbary pirates, 172.

urges disbanding of army, 171.

bill against Catholics, 174
-, steps against Rossetti, 175
-, has bill printed, 176
-, feared hostility to Catholics, 180.

objects to Digby as ambassador, 184
-, banishes Capuchins, 207.

consent required for release of Clopton, 190
-, consent, 191
-, resolution against foreign ministers harbouring priests, 195n.

suspicious of Scots, 205
-, deputies for Scotland, 206, 209.

does everything, 206
-, enquires about feelings in North, 209.

scant attendance in, 213, 220, 242, 294.

differences with Lords over religion, 220, 222
-, passes bill against bishops, 236, 242.

report to, on currants, 233
-, not likely to pass bill against, 234
-, disposed to stop importation, 239
-, Giustinian to make representations to, 252.

alleged plot to assasinate members, 251
-, permits members to be sued for debt, 264.

efforts to discredit king, 254
-, presents remonstrance to king, 261.

gives up guards reluctantly, 257
-, claims to remove and appoint ministers, 261.

letters from abroad opened by, 260.

Militia Bill introduced in, 264
-, accuses king of breach of privilege, 268.

London petitions against bishops and Catholics, 264
-, demands execution of priests, 265.

against granting liberty of conscience to Irish, 265
-, grants terms of Scots for troops to Ireland, 267.

will not accept terms arranged with rebel Irish, 268.

opposes Lunford's appointment, 271
-, effort to ruin king's favourite ministers, 272.

asks king for guard, 275
-, affair of 5 members in, 276, 277.

demands punishment of king's servants, 284
-, annoyed at king's refusal to return, 288.

reported intention to impeach queen, 285.

demands of king for safety of realm, 288
-, Lords finally agree to, 290.

efforts for predominance, 289
-, wishes to join two Houses in one, 296
-, influence through control of appointments, 289.

Speaker of. See Lenthall.

See also parliament.

confessor, the queen's :

parliament wishes to change, 174.

- See Philips, Robert.

Conius. See Le Coigneux.

Conn, George, Monsignor Coneo :

dies at Rome, 16.

Conouel, Conove. See Conway.

Constantinople, Turkey :

Hyde under orders of ambassador at, 69.

dispute at, about Cesy's debts, 134, 135.

Venice protects faith at, 197.

quarrel between English merchants and Jews at, 197.

Contarini, Alvise, Venetian Ambassador in Spain :

despatches to the Senate, 13, 31, 42, 51, 58, 78, 121.

communication with Giustinian, 40.

-, Alvise, Bailo at Constantinople :

despatches to the Senate, 35, 115.

communication with Giustinian, 76.

commended by Wyche, 203.

Contarini, Anzolo, Venetian Ambassador at Rome :

despatches to the Senate, 50, 106, 117.

Contarini, Vicenzo :

chosen ambassador to England, 58, 203
-, Giustinian notified, 64
-, will follow Giustinian quickly, 68
-, Giustinian informs king about, 72
-, to start soon, 231.

-, -, the Avogador :

speech against Hobson, 155n.

Conway, Conove, Conouel, Edward, second Viscount :

made general of the cavalry, 12
-, suspected orders to treat with Scots, 73.

letter of Astley to, 62n.

to forward safe conduct to Scottish leaders, 94.

Marshal of Ireland :

sent thither, 240
-, sets out, 285.

Conyers, Sir John, governor of Berwick :

sends troops to defend Edinburgh castle, 21
-, reports quarrels among Covenanters, 65.

Copenhagen, Denmark :

credentials dated at, 74n.

Coppio, Abram, 85.

-, Simon :

currants laded by, at Zante, 85.

Corcondilo, Marco :

currants laded by, at Zante, 85.

Corfu, island of :

Aquila son and Bolden banished to, 11.

Cork, Corch, Ireland :

reported capture, 290.

-, earl of. See Boyle, Richard.

Cornaro, Corner, Francesco, knight, Savio, 4 :

-, -, Savio alla Mercanzia, 58, 256.

Correr, Corraro, Angolo, Venetian Ambassador in France :

despatches to the Senate, 1, 2, 6, 7, 9, 10, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22, 26, 29, 32, 34, 36, 42, 44, 49, 61, 63, 67, 77, 80, 90, 101, 110, 112, 115, 124, 134, 137, 144, 146.

communication with Giustinian in England, 149.

Leicester wants to help exchange of Casimir for Rupert, 1
-, will not help, 2.

asked to help with Leicester about Palatine, 6, 14
-, suggests solution, 9
-, ready to help, 10
-, talks to king about, 13.

Leicester thanks for efforts for Palatine, 18
-, to instruct Giustinian about reception of Portuguese, 143.

advocates sending ambassador to England, 64, 77
-, replies to, 77, 78, 80-82
-, Leicester speaks to about, 90.

Corunna [Galicia, Spain] :

Spanish infantry from, in Downs, 44
-, Irish troops expected at, 221.

Cottington, Francis lord :

commissioner to treat with Spanish ambassadors, 45n
-, appointed constable of the Tower, 74
-, removed, 96
-, attacked in parliament, 177.

Council, the Privy :

loan to king, 26
-, Roe made member of, 63
-, Roe's influence in, 66.

to meet at Hampton Court and decide plans, 60
-, meets on news of invasion, decide king goes to York, 71.

lords present demands to, 79
-, stops paper prepared by Londoners, 82.

Commons release from oath of secrecy for evidence against Strafford, 105.

king admits six peers to, to win over, 128
-, king informs that queen going to Spa, 179.

Portuguese ambassadors received in, 162.

authority limited by parliament, 178
-, to share in government with parliament, 194.

annuls sentence against Clopton, 192.

Wyche appointed to, 203
-, king informs of Hamilton affair, 242.

Giustinian's memorial to, about letters, 244, 245, 247, 250, 260.

king orders to follow him, 281
-, king's declaration published by advice of, 283.

Commons claim to appoint to, 288, 290.

Councillors, councillors of state. See ministers.

Count duke. See Guzman, Gaspar de, count of Olivares.

Court :

impatiently awaiting Scottish deputies, 4, 17
-, apprehensions of Scots, 90.

all business stopped by carnival, 19
-, poor condition of, 22
-, changeableness, 60
-, lack of credit, 62.

gossip about Giustinian's dispute with Cardenas, 40
-, Fielding wants employment at, 72, 154.

fear of French successes, 66
-, unable to transact any business with foreign powers, 93.

king orders not to leave London, 71.

curiosity about Dutch proposals, 111
-, preparations for wedding at, 142.

parliament deprives king of funds for maintaining, 112
-, parliament excludes four favourites from, 127.

Prince of Orange makes presents to, 160.

anxiety over enquiry into plot, 166
-, parliament demands dismissal of Catholics from, 174.

members of derive profits from currant trade, 173.

agitation over queen's departure, 187, 295
-, pleased at rising of parliament, 220.

Giustinian to follow, 195.

enthusiasm for Scottish forces, 212
-, delight at news from Scotland, 215.

resents parliament making appointments, 229
-, version of Hamilton affair, 232
-, remarks king's desire to satisfy Giustinian, 257.

Covenant :

Commons form union in imitation of, 148.

Covenanters :

attempt to force Nithsdale t, 59
-, quarrels among, 65.

Coventry, Thomas, first Lord, the Lord Keeper :

death, 12.

-, Thomas, second lord :

sent to ask loan of city, 86
-, obtains loan, 89.

Coventry and Lichfield, bishop of. See Wright, Robert.

Craford. See Lindsay, Ludovic, earl of Crawford.

Crandell, Crandeli, Benjamin, English captain :

goods restored to, 99.

Crawford, earl of. See Lindsay, Ludovic.

Crete, island of :

export of oil from, 58, 128.

Crevelandt. See Wentworth, Thomas, earl of Cleveland.

Crofts, Sir William :

French objections to, as envoy, 87n.

Croi, Philip de, duke of Aerschot, count of Arescot :

offers Flanders to Charles, 177.

Crow, Sir Sackville, English ambassador at Constantinople :

efforts to secure release of English slaves, 35
-, refused audience, 197.

Croydon, co. Surrey :

mob attack Laud's country house at (?), 48n.

Cuch. See Coke.

Cumberland, county of :

to supply victuals to Scottish army, 91.

Cuper, Spencer :

currants laded by, at Zante, 85.

Curcio. See Curtius.

currants :

Symonds controls trade and prices at Cephalonia, 6
-, and at Zante, 10, 11
-, English secure monopoly of trade, 180, 181.

note of, laded at Zante, and duty paid, 85.

dealings of Benicello with, 157.

petition of Levant Co. to stop importation, 168-170, 184, 233, 234
-, parliament appoints committee on, 173.

effort to introduce from Turkish dominions, 168, 234.

Giustinian's efforts to prevent forbidding, 173
-, defence of Venetian policy over, 180, 181, 238, 239, 252, 253.

complaints about, 185, 204
-, question keeps ambassador in London, 237.

large stock in England, 234
-, question of prohibiting lapses, 273.

Dutch likely to take up trade, 234, 238.

English devotion to, 238, 239
-, English demands only to reduce price, 292.

Five Savii to report on, 252.

effort to reduce plantations, 270
-, only remedy for evils, 292.

Curtius, Curcio, William, agent of England with princes of Germany :

to get Electoral diet to declare in favour of Palatine, 21.

Curzola, island, Dalmatia, 279, 283.

customs :

loan raised from officials of, 53.

parliament deprives king of, 112
-, funds used to maintain warships, 136.

prohibition of currants will effect, 243.

revenues assigned for charges of fleet, 291.

-, collectors of :

condemned for peculation, 164
-, induced to oppose prohibition of currants, 239, 240, 273.



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