Mackey, Robert, captain of the Yarmouth, 54n.
Madrid, Spain, 290.
-, despatches dated at, 30, 39, 81, 87, 93, 101, 161, 237.
-, Charles proposes to send Digby to, 2; money provided for Charles at, 13.
-, decision at, to invade Portugal, 24.
-, suggestions for peace will be forwarded to, 193.
Mahomet IV, Sultan of Turkey, the Grand Turk:
-, Levant Co. want letters written to about depredations of Barbary corsairs, 101; letter to for restitution of Resolution, 125; English merchants unwilling to irritate, 138.
-, ordered seizure of all ships at Smyrna for his service, 130.
-, Blake's victory prevented Barbary ships going to help, 137.
-, going to Adrianople to stimulate activity, 148; Bendish has audience of, at Adrianople, 189; Bendish going to Adrianople to see, 190.
-, Ell takes cargo belonging to, to Leghorn, 190.
-, capigi from, to Tunis, captured by Venetians, 207.
Maidstone, state ship, Ayscue sailed for Baltic in, 260n; returned to Aldeburgh, 283n; Ayscue to take to Sound, 284n.
Mainard. See Maynard.
-, proposed to establish for life, 5; parliament discusses question of, 12, 15.
-, popular with troops, 12; Cromwell would prefer abolished, 13; parliament decides to abolish, 16.
-, Cromwell will try to keep well disposed, 12–3; three resign, 16; one opposes Pack's motion, 22.
-, meet to discuss how to prevent Pack's motion being carried, 23.
-, See also Barkstead, Sir John; Desborough, John; Fleetwood, Charles; Harrison, Thomas; Kelsey, Thomas; Lambert, John; Overton, Robert.
Majorca, Balearic island, pirates of capture English ships from Levant, 110; plunder English ship at Diano, 225; squadron for protection of English ships against, 261.
malady. See sickness.
Malaga [Andalusia, Spain], news from, 119.
malignants. See royalists.
Malta, island of:
-, general of, letter on Venetian victory, 113.
-, ships of. See ships, Maltese.
Mamora, La. See Mehediya.
Mancini, Philippe, sets out for relief of Mardick, 142; complimentary mission to England, 213, 215; reception and entertainment, 217; departure, 220.
Mardick, Mardic, Mardich [Nord, France], 141.
-, Montague fires shots at, 112; Turenne hopes to attack, 113; formally besieged, 115; surrender, 116, 120; no great rejoicing over, 117; English claimed to leave garrison at, 146.
-, reported sold to Protector, 117; no news of at Metz, 119; French constrained to agree to attack, 120.
-, English mean to fortify themselves in, 117; Lockhart staying at, to fortify and garrison, 121; fortification pushed on, 126, 132; fortifications completed, Lockhart leaves in admirable order, 135, 143.
-, reports of English outrages at, 121; English quarters by, very exposed, 122.
-, Cromwell sends German engineer to superintend works at, 122; ships bring supplies for works at, 125; many workmen employed at, 128; supplies steadily sent to, 152.
-, English possession of disliked by Dutch, 126; French may have given because untenable, 127; French would gladly let Spaniards recapture, 142.
-, night attack on, 126; would have fallen if French had not come to rescue, 131.
-, Spaniards mean to make frequent assaults on, 127, 130, 142; another attack repulsed, 128.
-, demolition and abandonment of suggested in Council, 127; Council decides to keep it, 128.
-, troops quartered near, for greater security, 133; English squadron off, 135.
-, Lockhart urges substantial succour for, 142; succour sent, id.; French and English labouring jointly to hold, 145.
-, English often come to blows with French at, 142; officers at ordered to keep on good terms with French, 147; Morgan in command at, 194.
-, reluctance of troops to serve at, 152; decision to send 3000 foot to, 185, 189; reinforcements sent to, 194; held up, 196.
-, fears of attack on vanished, 152; sanguine reports of officers from, 155.
-, French introduce infantry into, and English guns, 160; squadron approaches to encourage, 184.
-, Cromwell set on keeping, to make capital city called court of Oliver, 160.
-, possession renders Spanish prohibition of trading futile, 180; possible Spanish recovery of, 197.
-, Aumont leaves for attempt on Ostend, 195–6; Louis and Mazarin stay some days at, 204.
-, Lockhart back at, 199; reinforcements sail for, 203; ships sent to, to reinforce fleet, 211.
-, proclamation for commodities to be sent to, 203; mortars and engines of war sent to, 208.
-, Naseby lying off, visited by Mazarin, 220; English show every respect for Catholics at, 247.
-, French troops withdrawn from, 227; French might seize opportunity of Cromwell's death to secure, 244.
-, French expected great advantages after handing over, 245; pope's ill opinion of Mazarin for handing over, 247; danger from English possession of, 268.
-, party of English recruits cut up near, 260.
-, governor of, English. See Morgan, Thomas.
-, -, Spanish. See Torre, Don Juan de la.
Margherita, serving in Venetian fleet, 163.
mariners. See sailors.
marque, letters of, letters of reprisal:
-, issued by Zeeland against French, 25.
-, merchants hope for, against Tripolitans, 110; Cromwell promises, if no redress, 125.
-, Fleetwood grants to English ships, against Danes, 116.
-, Dutch have from Spain against Portuguese, 146; asked for against Dutch, 275.
-, English ask from Portugal against Dutch, 146; promised against governor of Brittany, 275.
-, creditors for hire of ships threaten to demand against Venice, 250; Giavarina to do utmost to prevent, 256; threat dropped, 272.
Marseilles [Bouches du Rhone, France], Stoakes sails for, 180n.
Marsin, Jean Gaspard Ferdinand, Comte de, took part in night attack on Mardick, 126; garter conferred on, 180.
Mary, daughter of Charles I, princess of Orange, representations to, against brothers staying at Hague, 201; States inform that must not offer asylum to any of family or its followers, 252.
Masini, secretary to the King of Poland, mission to Prague to get support against Swedes, 139.
Master of the Ceremonies. See Fleming, Sir Oliver; Finet, Sir John.
Masulipatam [Madras, India], Society homeward bound from, 163n.
Maynard, Mainard, John, sergeant at law, questions right of members of Upper Chamber to sit, 295.
Mazarini, Guilio, Cardinal:
-,-, indignant at Irish leaving French service for Charles, 2.
-,-, Lockhart to produce terms to, jointly with Sweden, 7; Lockhart's difficulty of precedence with, 25.
-,-, justifies English alliance, 26; king goes with to Amiens, 58; Cromwell cannot refuse because of arrangement with, 75.
-,-, complains to Lockhart that treaty not kept secret, 59; Lockhart confers with at Metz, 111.
-,-, Cromwell on excellent terms with, 79; promises to hand over Dunkirk, 112.
-,-, objects season not proper for campaigning, 114; Lockhart in frequent conference with about campaign, 136, 141, 150; Lockhart sees by night, without ceremony, 150–1.
-,-, Lockhart insists on sending immediate succour to Mardike, 142; complies readily, 142.
-,-, takes no one into confidence, settles alone with Lockhart, 150; Lockhart usually goes to, at night, 151.
-,-, Cromwell bears with pope out of consideration for, 184; quarrel with Cromwell about spoils, 203–4.
-,-, sends to England for muskets and pistols, 195; Falcombridge sees and presents horses to, 212; entertains him, 215.
-,-, ordered Aumont not to employ English to garrison Ostend, 204.
-,-, Mancini to compliment Cromwell for, 215, 217; Cromwell expresses respect for, 223.
-,-, goes over Naseby, returns to Calais, 220; said to have held up letters to see what said about king's illness, 227; orders printing of treaty between Spain and Cromwell, 229.
-,-, blandishments to Queen Henrietta after Cromwell's death but means to keep up with Richard, 245; Cromwell advised son to keep up friendly relations with, 247; Lockhart confers with, 259.
-,-, defends himself against pope's strictures concerning peace and English connection, 247; accuses English of breach of treaty, 270.
-,-, Bordeaux presents complimentary letters from, 258; Lockhart does not give favourable account of, 270, 275.
-,-, Bordeaux sends secretary to urge to help Sweden, 266; and inform of English help for, 281.
Meadowe, Medoes, Philip:
-, proposed mission to Denmark, 28, 99; ready to start, 31, 34; detained by contrary winds, 34, 36, 38; mission suspended, 43, 52, 65; to leave in great haste, 99.
-, to perform office with Dutch, 31, 34.
-, preparing to start, 102, 106; left for Denmark, 108; no news of, 118; news of arrival, 127.
-, reports Denmark inclined to accept mediation, 127; report received from, 177.
-, ordered to go to Brandenburg, honours on leaving Copenhagen, 215.
Meaux, Meaulx, M. de, secretary to the French ambassador at Constantinople, communication from, 190.
-, presented to Fisher for Latin verses celebrating Venetian victory, 7.
-, ordered to celebrate elevation of Protector, 21.
-, presented to envoy of Courland, 93n.
Medici, Ferdinand II, de', Grand Duke of Tuscany:
-, sends present of wine to Cromwell, 58; informed that Dutch fleet sailing for Canaries, 77.
-, promised Salvetti's son should succeed him, 84; sent him confirmation and credentials, 109.
-, ships fly flag of Spain to privateer, 141; prize taken into port of, letter to demanding restitution, 141.
-, refused English permission to careen, 159; writes to Cromwell justifying treatment of Stoakes, 161; Longland supports, 162.
-, ministers of complain of interference with shipping, get impertinent reply, 164.
-, letter to Cromwell complaining of interference, 178, 266; English at Leghorn fear may write to Cromwell about audacity, 187; may send to London to pacify resentment, 227; nothing heard about, 235.
-, taking steps to defend shores against attack, 187; representations to, for release of Zane, 262.
Medina Celi, duke of. See Cerda, Antonio de.
-, Ruyter sailing for, 5; doubts about, 15; Ruyter said to have left, 57; Ruyter leaving ships in to check Barbary corsairs, 118.
-, England to keep squadron in under French orders, 51; squadron for may help French in secret design on Italy, 141.
-, Cromwell asked to send squadron to, to protect trade, 110; Cromwell asks Venice to grant facilities for squadron sent to, 119; he refers to squadron in, 137; more ships sent to, 158.
-, some ships from grand fleet said to have gone into, 143, 146; Giavarina to express gratification about, 148; Venice will benefit by English fleet in, 172.
-, if Candia lost, will become haunt of pirates, 148; English aim to exclude Dutch from, 268.
-, Dunkirkers take English ships in, 150.
-, Cromwell means to keep squadron in, 178; English squadron not kept in for nothing, 234–5; Giavarina to keep eye on decisions concerning, 241.
-, agreement with Barbary corsairs secures English shipping in, 249, 256.
-, reinforcements to be sent to, 259, 261, 268; no more said about, 291.
-, English fleet for. See under navy.
Medoes. See Meadowe.
meetings, of all kinds, forbidden, 154.
Mehediya, La Mamora [Morocco, N. Africa], Blake arranges with Moors to attack, 93.
Mehemet Pasha, Grand Vizier of Turkey, Bendish's method of bringing to reason, 190.
Meilleraie, due de la. See Porte, Charles de la.
Melo, Francesco di, Portuguese ambassador extraordinary to England:
-, expected, 55; feared capture by Dunkirkers, 70; surprise at delay in appearing 75; delayed by mother's illness, 78; a mere excuse, 86.
-, nothing more said about coming, 86; arrives at last, 103; preparing for entry, 104.
-, only come to ask help, against Spaniards, 103; offers of levies to, 108; wants troops but short of money, 113, 125, 159.
-, lodged and defrayed, audience arranged, 106; public entry, 107; first public audience, 108.
-, says Portugal can repel Spanish attack, 108; says they have no fear of Dutch, 109; asks English interposition to make Dutch retire, 118.
-, second audience, presses for help, 110; makes no progress, 113, 135; commissioners appointed for, 115; slow progress, offers made by, 118; nothing settled, 125; no progress, 159, 170.
-, expects confirmation of losses of Brazil fleet, 132; surprise at slackness of, 141; begs Cromwell to mediate between Portugal and Dutch, 146.
-, has sequestration placed on prizes brought in by Dutch, 149; asks audience about, 150; sees Cromwell about, but waiting for orders, 151.
-, audience arranged for, 262; discharges formalities on change of ruler, 264; attended Cromwell's funeral, 269.
-, receives news of victory of Elvas, celebrates it, 290.
merchantmen. See ships.
merchants, traders, 221.
-, news received by, 15, 41, 94, 100, 130, 180, 199, 209, 218, 243.
-, invent reports of overtures because want peace, 40; greatly resent increased duties, 84; duties swallow up profits of, 85; severity in exacting duties from, 85.
-, stirred by loss of Resolution, 100; pressure to obtain redress, 103–4; put out by delay, 109; decision, at instance of, to write to Porte for redress, 125.
-, informed of capture of two ships from Levant by Majorcans, 110; report that squadron sent to Mediterranean, 146.
-, press for squadron in Mediterranean to protect trade, 110; desire active hostilities against Tripolitans, 138.
-, refuse ships at Smyrna to serve Turks, 130; commissioners appointed to settle differences between those of England and Sweden, 143; ships can be hired from at lower rate than Cook's, 166.
-, letter from Grand Duke handed in by one instead of agent, 178; letter to duke of Courland touching, 217.
-, report Aumont's fiasco at Ostend, 196, 199; eager for peace with Spain, 262, 274; on both sides throw out peace feelers, 271; peace talk mainly from, 274.
-, urged to send, supplies to Flanders, 203; minister of Hamburg treats only with, 231.
-, one concerned in Arson case flees, 252; all at Venice condemn Rand's action, 261; say Polish ambassador is to suggest peace with Spain, 297.
-, Dutch, arrested in Portugal, with goods, 134; have letters of marque from Spain, against Portuguese, 146; Dutch say Charles obtained ships from privately, 182, 185.
minister at Constantinople supported by, 41; business of Arson with, 233.
escape of Spanish slave at Algiers facilitated by, 79; Giavarina to promise satisfaction to, about Paramour and Northumberland, 133, 145.
injury to Christendom by help given to Turks, 136; Cromwell promises to punish those who supply munitions to Turks, 137; opposition thwarts help to Venice, 172.
asked to present claims against Sweden to commissioners, 143.
ask for Portuguese letters of marque against Dutch, 146; Swedes found to be indebted to, 170.
at Leghorn, support Grand Duke against Stoakes, 162; remonstrance against Rand has no effect on, 258.
outcry against elector of Brandenburg for sinking ship, 163; outcry against Dutch for taking ships in Indies, 335.
pleased at capture of Dunkirk, 219; would welcome war with Dutch if preceded by adjustment with Spain, 262; Downing to withdraw secretly capital of in Dutch dominions, 266.
commissioners wanted concerning losses of, in French war, 274.
complaints of force government to speak sharply to France, 275; those interested in Angelo keep quiet, 278.
complaints against Dutch, ask for letters of marque, 275.
some rail at pope for refusing justice about a prize, 275; interested in cargo of ship detained at Smyrna, 279; distressed by news of action of Algerians, 289.
-, French, commissioners to consider losses in war with England, 274.
-, Spanish, few willing to lade goods for new world, 161.
-, Swedish, goods seized by Danes in Baltic, 79; indebted to English for damage during Dutch war, 170.
-, names of, Arson; Corselles, Nicolo; Dorat, Giustin; Hobson, John; Pardini; Riccard, Andrew; Vyner, Thomas; Wale, John di.
Mercœur, house of, men from at Lockhart's entry, 30.
Metz [Moselle, France]:
-, despatches dated at, 111, 114, 119, 121.
-, French Court at, Lockhart posts to London, from, 115; king's journey to was to postpone operations in Flanders, 191.
Mexico, ship from captured by Jamaica squadron, 47.
-, Gulf of, 146.
Middelburg [Prov. Zeeland, Netherlands], ship of detained by E. India Co., released by Cromwell, 135n.
Middlesex, county of, major general for. See Barkstead, Sir John.
Migliare, Marshal della. See Porte, Charles de la, duc de la Meilleraie.
military. See army.
militia. See trained bands.
Militia Bill defeated in parliament, 16.
Millenarists. See Fifth Monarchy men.
Mint, busy making coins of captured Spanish bullion, 10.
Mocenigo, Lazaro, Venetian Captain General at Sea, defeat of Algerines off Scios, 61.
Molin, Alvise, Venetian Ambassador in Germany, despatches to the Senate, 251, 281, 302.
Monaldeschi, Giovanni di, Passerini confessed, 161.
Monchy, Charles de, marshal of France, marechal d'Hocquincourt, marshal d'Achincurt, d'Ochincurt, killed at battle of Dunes, 213; death may result in submission of Hesdin, 216.
-, mint busy making coin of captured Spanish bullion, 10; Lambert issues proclamation, fixing value of, at Dunkirk, 228.
-, shortage of chief reason for calling new parliament, 230, 253; need for may hasten calling, 244; need of may prevent dissolution, 286; Richard recommends question of, to parliament, 288.
-, lack of may prevent government going to war, 262; scarcity of delays arming of ships, 280; also delays reparation of ships, 284, 289.
-,-, crowns, 13, 32, 54n, 81, 94, 97, 199, 299.
-,-, doubles, 214.
-,-, ducats, 80, 91, 94, 97, 106, 128, 144, 157, 164, 173, 234, 236, 247, 249, 252, 272–3, 299.
-,-, florins, 32.
-,-, lire, 234.
-,-, livres, 53.
-,-, pieces of eight, 79, 81, 100.
-,-, shillings in soldi, 17.
-,-, sous Tournois, 97.
-,-, thalers, 163–4, 178.
Monk, Monch, George, General:
-, Sindercombe cashiered by, 18; Richard Cromwell appointed in place of, 170.
-, summoned to London, not disposed to obey, 170, 177; disobedience would be serious, 177.
-, seems to be wavering in allegiance, 179; only a trick to lure royalists, 188.
-, entirely devoted to Cromwell, 188; may cause trouble, because of pretensions, 243.
Monmedi. See Montmedy.
-, not inclined to take command of Grand fleet, 63; confidence in experience and loyalty, 97.
-, new fleet sails under command of, 85; held up in Downs by weather, 89.
-, probably staying to observe Dutch, 91; remains inactive, 94, 105.
-, not available to succeed Blake, 102.
-, Dutch fleet salutes, 108; sails for Flanders coast, 111; munitions from Tower sent to, 115.
-, assists in attack on Mardike, 115; despatch about siege, 116.
-, comes over and confers with Cromwell, 124; staying on, leaving Goodson in command, 125.
-, sails to take part in siege of Dunkirk, 211; watching to see if Dutch helping Spaniards, 217; seizes seven Dutch ships in Downs, on suspicion, 224.
-, entertains Mazarin on Naseby, 220.
-, army officers take exception to grant of colonelship to, 254.
-, fleet of 60 ships to sail under command of, 296; goes to Downs and hoists flag in Naseby, 301.
Monte Sarcio, prince of. See Davalos, Andrea.
Montmedy, Monmedi [Meuse, France]: surrenders to French, 95; surrender not confirmed, 97; fall of, 102.
-, French army under much reduced, 97; Cromwell resents delay over, 114.
Montmeglie [? near Calais], despatch dated at, 201.
Montmorency, François Henri, comte de Bouteville, Buteville, sacrificed himself for Condé at battle of Dunes, 213; taken prisoner, 214.
Moors, arrangement of Blake with to attack Ma'mura, 93; Cromwell accuses Dutch of supplying war material to, 137.
Mordaunt, Mordant, John, tried and acquitted, 210.
-, new consul sent to, 206.
-, English consul in. See Holdipp, Richard.
Moret, comte de. See Bec-Crespin, Antoine du.
Morgan, Lieut. Gen. Thomas:
-, takes possession of Mardick in Cromwell's name, 117; comes to London with Lockhart, 194; to continue as governor of Mardick, 200.
-, claimant for command of troops, 200; to advance with 4000 men and observe proceedings of Spaniards, 220; came to London with Lockhart, knighted, 271.
Morland, Samuel, English envoy to Savoy, Henry Ulrich recommended to, 129n.
Morning Star, of Amsterdam, taken with gold from Canaries, 73.
Most Christian. See Louis XIV, king of France.
Motteti, —, familiar of Cardenas, reported in London, 40.
Munster [Westphalia, German Empire]:
-, Dutch troops from, ready to cross to England with Charles, 168.
-, dispute of bishop with tribunal of, 168.
-, bishop of. See Galen, Christopher Bernard von.
Muscovy, mission of Bradshaw to, 34, 38, 90, 205.
-, envoy from expected, 229.
-, Denmark, Dutch and Brandenburg help against Sweden, 301.
-, Tsar of, Grand Duke of. SeeAlexius,
muskets, Mazarin sends to England for, 195.
muslin, from Indies, at Leghorn, 250.