Talon, Philippe, intendant of the army of Flanders:
-, comes with Reynolds to inform Cromwell of French advance, 111.
-, at conference which decides on siege of Dunkirk, 112; precedes Reynolds in departure, 114.
Tasca, Paris, Venetian consul at Genoa, despatches to the Senate, 159, 164, 224.
Tatis, master of the posts in Flanders, asked to arrange for safe transit of letters, 112.
Taunton, state ship, goes to Leghorn, 225.
-, decision to raise 120,000l. a month, 1, 19; apportionment among kingdoms, 18.
-, subsidy voted, 16; proposed poll tax, 17.
-, proposed hearth tax, 17.
-, ordinary of 60,000l. a month, 18, 33; unbearable, 84.
-, appropriation of, 33; parliament discussing how to raise, 68.
-, increased duties, greatly resented, 84; difficulty of making people pay, 129, 130, 172; may submit to parliament, 172.
-, levied by soldiery, 130; parliament proposed to pass bill that none without its grant, 167.
-, See also customs and excise; excise; houses.
Tello de Guzman, Gaspard, marquis La Fuente, Spanish ambassador in Germany, supports office of Masini, 140.
Tenedos, island of, Aegean Sea:
-, despatch dated off, 87.
-, reported recovery by Venice, 130; Turks encouraged by recovery of, 148.
Teneriffe, Canary Islands, 85.
-, Blake's attack on Spanish ships at, 63; English ships suffered severely at, 75.
-, Blake believes could conquer, with reinforcement of troops, 64; Spanish fear of English landing at, 87.
-, report of English prisoner escaped from, 70; treasure at weighs on mind of government, 92.
-, part of treasure from taken to Amsterdam, 94; English capture Dutch ship from, with treasure, 95; Endeavour taken on way from, 275n.
Terra Nova. See Newfoundland.
-, all Dutch ships in with Spanish goods seized, 24; barges laden with knives found on, 49.
-, ships on way to captured by Dunkirkers, 43; ships from Blake's fleet arrive in, 69, 95; ships in, salute at Blake's passing, 111.
-, Dutch ship with treasure from Canaries brought into, 73; Petkum complains of seizure of Danish ships in, 116.
-, watermen of pressed for navy, 75, 216.
-, Sexby arrested when embarking in, 96; Cromwell unlikely to cross, 176.
-, Nieuport weather bound at mouth of, 134, 139; levies for Sweden held up in, 204.
-, much swollen, floods, 183; north winds prevent supplies entering, 197.
-, troops leave for Mardick, 203; Richard launched in, 209; entirely frozen over, 274.
Thanet, isle of, co. Kent, audacious raid of Dunkirkers on, 95–6.
Thiepolo, Alvise, Proveditore and Captain of Rhodes, letter of Council of Ten to, concerning Salvini, 221.
Thomas, of Ipswich, seized and sunk at Pillau, remonstrance about, 163.
Thomson, Maurice, governor of the East India Co., complains to Cromwell about injuries inflicted by the Dutch, 135.
Thou, Jacques Auguste de, French ambassador in the Netherlands, letter of referred to, 105n; will co-operate for accommodation with Portugal, 146; Downing to act with, 149; labouring for adjustment and to prevent Dutch from going further, 276.
Thurloe, Turloe, John, secretary of state:
-, letters from, 19, 133n.
-, letters countersigned by, 119, 124.
-,-, assurances to Giavarina, 3–4, 6; constant pressure from Giavarina, 8, 40; puts him off, 52.
-,-, sends account of conspiracy to parliament, 11; only one present at private audience of Petkum, 86.
-,-, appeals for Galilee, 19.
-,-, makes himself invisible and will hear no one, 25; overwhelmed with business, need to wait days or weeks for, 40.
-,-, informed parliament of Blake's victory, 64; informed Cromwell of Venetian victories, 136.
-,-, promoted to seat in Council, 88; writes asking for Lambert's commission, 88.
-,-, Bordeaux confers frequently with, 98; Petkum put off, from conferring with, 116.
-,-, Giavarina urges naval support of Venice on, 100; promises to lay before Council, 103; promised orders to Bendish in favour of Venice, 153.
-,-, goes to country for holiday, 104; business suspended in absence, 106; back in London, 109; Bordeaux has frequent conferences with, 141.
-,-, indisposed, 123, 136, 150, 156; serious attack of fever, 151; relapse, incapable of business, 168; affects spirits, 169.
-,-, officers punished for arresting Schlezer without informing, 139.
-,-, Giavarina applies to about arrest of interpreter, 144; Bordeaux makes representations to, about arrest of priests, reply, 147.
-,-, hiding places of priests revealed to, 160; Stapley questioned by, 188.
-,-, Cromwell's devotion to and dependence on, 169; equally devoted to Cromwell, 173.
-,-, merchant presented Grand Duke's letter to, 178; Salvetti sees about Stoakes, retorts with counter charges, 200n.
-,-, Lockhart comes over and confers with, 194; intervenes for Galilee, 234.
-,-, foreign ministers unable to see, 201, 218; held out hopes of audience to Strauss, 225.
-,-, Giavarina informs of Angelo affair, 218, 220; Giavarina sees, congratulates and hints at help, reply of, 230; said nothing about Angelo, 231.
-,-, comes to London, foreign ministers communicate business to, 229; sees Nieuport, 231; informed Cromwell of interview, 232.
-,-, makes excuses for not seeing Nieuport, 235; Nieuport informs why went to Hampton Court to see Cromwell, 237.
-,-, seriously ill, 253; Giavarina goes to inform of Angel affair, 276; left memorial with, 277; promises to lay matter before Protector or Council, 281, tardiness of, 282.
-,-, busy over approaching parliament, 276; everything passes through hands of, 282.
-,-, Lockhart in conference with, 283; speech in parliament about Swedo Danish war, 295–6; Petkum considers too favourable to Swede, 300.
Tichborne, Robert, lord mayor of London, present at Cromwell's installation, 82.
Tinos, Tine, island of [Archipelago, Aegean Sea], Venetian fleet encounters English ships off, 206, 218.
Torre, Don Juan de la, governor of Mardick, suspicion that bought, 117.
Torrington, state ship, goes to Leghorn, 225.
torture, employed to extort confession from Gardiner, 103: expected for gentlemen arrested, 105; fear of leads to confession, 207.
Tot, Count, Swedish minister in France, Lockhart to produce terms jointly with, 7.
Toulon [Var, France]:
-, men of plunder Zeeland ship, 25; French ships arming at, 146, 161.
-, English squadron at divides, 224; five frigates remain at, 226.
Tour d'Auvergne, Henri de la, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France:
-, occupies positions on coast road, 111; hopes to attack Mardike, 113; Bordeaux sends to, about Cromwell's insistance on action, 114; no news of any move by, 119.
-, action of saved Mardike, during night attack, 131; in Paris for few days, sets out to relief of Mardike, 142.
-, Faucombridge brought present for, 212.
Tower, the. See under London.
-, heavy duties prejudicial to, 84–5.
-, interrupted by Spanish war, 174, 291; war gives Dutch monopoly of from Spain to England, 271.
-, forbidden between Flanders and England, 180.
-, with Turkish dominions, brings great profits, through duties, 263.
-, decision to send out fleet for defence of, 296.
-, See also camel skins; Cephalonia; cinnamon; cloth; coal; currants, East India Co.; fruit; Greenland; herring fishery; lead; Levant Co.; merchants; muslin; oil; pepper; salt; saltpetre; shoes; silver; skins; spices; sugar; whale fishery; wine; Zante.
traders. See merchants.
trained bands, militia, the city:
-, Cromwell asks council to put in order, 179; review held of, 182, 205.
-, decision to increase by five regiments, 182; regular drills, fine appearance, 191.
-, Cromwell receives constant protests of loyalty from, 191.
Trapani [Sicily], papal corral captured and taken into, 250.
treaties. See Champagne; Elbing; Roeskilde.
Trenchfield, Thomas, captain of the Northumberland, killed in Dardanelles action, 173n.
Tripoli, N. Africa:
-, corsairs of capture Resolution, 100–1, 103–4, 109, 110, 121, 125, 200; Cromwell hints at burning ships at because of, 137.
-, ships of in pay of Sultan, 101; four ships of scattered with defeat at Turkish fleet, 130.
-, Cromwell petitioned to send fleet against, 101; English squadron said to have sailed to tame pride of, 143; English going to make peace with, 161.
-, Blake's action prevented Turks getting reinforcements from, 137; Venice would be glad if fleet sent to hurt, 148, 200.
-, four ships go to, for peace or severe measures, 180; unwilling to come to agreement, 200; agreement made with, 249, 256.
-, Stoakes reported going to, 228.
Tromp, Cornelis van, Dutch Admiral, cruising in English waters, 66; reported sailing for Canaries, 77.
-, Martin van, Dutch Admiral:
cruise that led to rupture with England, 66.
acknowledged superiority of English ships, guns, and men, 66.
Trondhjem, Druthen, Norway, town and port, Denmark yields to Sweden, 178.
troops. See army.
Tunbridge Wells, co. Kent, Schlezer taking waters at, 102n.
Tunbridge, Tumbridge, co. Kent, Bordeaux goes to take waters at, 226.
Tunis, N. Africa:
-, Cromwell refers to Blake's burning ships of, 137; English merchants would like destruction if would not irritate Sultan, 138.
-, ships of, capture Friendship, 143, 153.
-, English go to make new peace with, 161; agreement concluded with, 180, 200, 249.
-, Angelo taking Turks to, 209.
-, king of, Capigi from Sultan to, 207.
Turenne, vicomte de. See Tour d'Auvergne, Henri de la.
Turkey, Ottomans, Porte:
-, hope that presence of Venetian ambassador may stop harmful proceedings at, 97.
-, very depressed and straitened, England could help overthrow, 136; Cromwell says cannot send ships against because of English capital in the empire, 137.
-, Dutch only send few ships to trade mostly at Smyrna, 138.
-, designs against Dalmatia and Friuli, 148, 183; Ballarino reports warlike preparations, 153.
-, Cook's offer to find ships to fight, 156, 163.
-, good results for Venice thwarted by English trade with, 172; Giavarina tells Thurloe of formidable power of, 230.
-, Vizier hopes to get English ships to serve in return for concessions, 187; complaint of ships serving Venice to detriment of, 190.
-, quarrel with Tripoli will prevent Tripolitans from helping, 200.
-, English derive great profits from trade with, 263.
-, Caimecan of, 190.
-, fleet of:
Venetian fleet defeats Barbary ships going to join, 61.
unexampled valour shown by, in fight, 87; English ship fighting in, 87, 167.
Venetian victory over, in Dardanelles, 104, 113, 116, 123, 136.
reported defeat by Venetians, 130; Barbary ships from, capture Friendship, 143; Hussein Pasha proposes to add number of English ships to, 272.
Kapudan Pasha. See Hussein.
-, Sultan of:
Tripoli ships are in pay of, 101. See also Ibrahim; Mahomet IV.
-, Grand Vizier of:
Levant Co. wants letter written to about depredations of Barbary pirates, 101; letter to for restitution of Resolution, 125.
-, -, See also Kiuprili, Mahommed; Mehemet Pasha.
Turkey Company. See Levant Company.
-, Venice pleads difficulty of releasing English slaves of, 3; Galilee's son slave to, 19; move for release from, 47, 273.
-, representations against foreign ships serving, 3, 52, 148; Nieuport says English ready to grant ships to, 5; English ships forbidden to serve, 137.
-, Fisher rewarded for poem on victory over, 7; his poem referred to, 21.
-, report that demanding English ships, 26; report probably erroneous, 41; English ship in service of, fought in fleet, 87, 106, 136, 148.
-, formidable preparations for next campaign, 41; Tenedos reported recovered from, 130.
-, envoy brings present of animals for Cromwell, 67; Giavarina complains of help given to by English merchants, 136; Cromwell promises to stop, 137.
-, barbarity to Catholics worse than, 69; English merchants worse than, 250.
-, English unwilling to give offence to, 79; merchants desire revenge on for loss of Resolution, 100, 103; unlikely to make restoration, 125.
-, 1600 prisoners taken by Ruyter, 119; Cromwell suggests exchange of Galilee against prisoners, 123; question of exchange, 159.
-, King of Hungary obliged to watch, 121; encouraged by recapture of Tenedos, 148.
-, Cromwell accuses Dutch of supplying munitions to, 137.
-, Dutch ships do not enter service of, 138; English captain escapes from, 279.
-, Bendish wished to refuse ships to but could not always resist violence, 166; Hussein Pasha means to have English ships for, 256; representations against, 289.
-, would like war with Venice to last for ever, 190.
-, on ship Angelo, captured by Priuli, 207, 209, 234; merchants lament loss of hire from, 221; denial that any came to Venice from Angelo, 240.
-, persons and goods of, on Angelo detained by Priuli, 260, 281; Algiers blame English for and make reprisals, 289.
-, Richard shows no desire of coming to open rupture with, 263–4; Venice hopes for English help against, 273.
Turloe. See Thurloe.
Turner, William, commissioner to treat with Swedes, 66n.
Tuscany, Italy, present of wines from, for Cromwell, 58.
-, Grand Duke of. See Medici, Ferdinand II de.