Cadiz [Andalusia, Spain], 34, 90, 158n.
-, Spaniards resent English attacks on Dutch shipping off, 234.
-, Dutch take prizes into bay of, 284; Dutch privateers withdraw to, 331.
-,-, rate of consulage at, 297.
-, governor of:
-,-, Gaylan asks for munitions, 322.
Caesar. See Leopold, the emperor.
Cagliari, Caglieri, Sardinia, ship from, 331.
Cajaf. See Caraffa.
Calais [Pas de Calais, France]: 261.
-, Montagu sails for, 101n; Sunderland crosses to, 126.
-, convoy for Monmouth to, 197.
Cambridge, duke of. See Edgar.
Cambridge, royal navy:
-, in fight with Smyrna fleet, 185; captain killed at Solebay, 231.
Campe, Herr von, resident of Hamburg in England: leaves London, 74.
Canaples, Count de, wounded at Solebay, 232.
-, company formed for trade with, 57; chiefly for wine, but abolished by king, 59.
Candia, Crete, island of, war of, 43n.
-, favoured English trade with Levant, 57, 72; English and Dutch made large profits during by sale of munitions, 58; claims for services of ships in, 151.
-, Charles regretted inability to help in, 72; confusion due to being cleared up, 159, 176.
-, alluded to, 312.
Canterbury, archbishop of. See Sheldon, Gilbert.
canvas, Dutch forbid importation from France, 121.
Cape Coast Castle, Cape Cors [Gold Coast, E. Africa]:
-, taken and sacked, 103.
-, queen's chapel at Somerset House served by, 62.
Caraffa, Cajaf, Garaffa, Don Mario:
-, sent with troops to Maastricht, 200.
-, rivalry between France and Spain over creation of, 227.
-, queen of England presses claims for a place, at first promotion of, 227.
-, congregations of, at Rome, ill informed about affairs, 247.
caricatures, Dutch, of Charles, 221–2.
Carlisle, earl of. See Howard, Charles.
Carob, a Jew:
-, suit of against Pendarvis, appeal against judgment, 26; case referred to Genoa, 27.
Cartagena [Prov. Murcia, Spain]:
-, English prizes carried to, 284n.
Cartwright, Sir Philip, killed at Solebay, 232.
Castile, constable of. See Velasco, Don Pedro de.
Catherine of Braganza, queen of Great Britain:
-, Clarendon promoted marriage of, 65; Mocenigo presented pope's letter to, 72.
-,-, ambassadors entertain, 11; marquis of Ragny has audience of, 46.
-,-, question of writing to Venice, 13; preparing ballet at Court, 15.
-,-, condolences for on death of duchess of York, 37, 44, 47.
-,-, king's remarriage considered, as if at point of death, 38; importance of York's remarriage, because of sterility, 44.
-,-, presents sent to by Grand Duchess, 50; attends garter celebrations at Windsor, 54; Mocenigo's account of, 62.
-,-, Bombay part dowry of, 56; dispute over dowry, 70.
-,-, refuses to act as godmother to niece, 70; grief at death of Cambridge, 79.
-,-, leaves London for Windsor, 74; short return to London, 75; going to live at Somerset House, but continues to cohabit with king at Whitehall, 76.
-,-, wants to provide chapel for Catholics in London, 76; in mourning for duke of Anjou, 92.
-,-, will be pleased to receive Melo, 84; pays cost of Portuguese embassy, 115; persuades king to receive Melo, 132.
-,-, suffering from rheumatic attack, 88; better, goes to Hampton Court, 89; returns to London, 115.
-,-, going to London, 91, 93; going with king on progress, 102, 110; reception at Norwich, returns to London, 110.
-,-, Charles gives up idea of divorcing, 114; mysterious illness of, suspicion of poison, 172.
-,-, rights of, to succession in Portugal, 115; king will treat for Archduchess Claudia, if dies, 172.
-,-, attends lord mayor's banquet, 120; foreign ministers celebrate birthday, 123.
-,-, Fresno presented to, 171; receives Meerman, 182–3; Gjöe has audience of, 202.
-,-, going to see the fleet, 199; not going, 205; makes fresh arrangements to go, 208–9; goes to Deal and sees enemy, 212.
-,-, indisposition does not grow worse, 203; in excellent health, 235; relapse of, 326.
-,-, returns to London, 212; goes to visit fleet and returns to London, 235.
-,-, presses claim for a place at first promotion of cardinals, 227.
-,-, gives alms for wounded English and Dutch prisoners, 243; name day celebrated by ball, 317.
-, -, almoner of. See Howard, Philip.
-, -, secretary to. See Bellings, Sir Richard.
Catherine. See also Katharine.
Catherine. See Royal Katharine.
Catholic king. See Charles II of Spain.
-, Charles inclined to re-establish in England, 32; reported plan to do so, 162.
-, inclination of duchess of York to, 34; the queen's great service to, 62.
-, Innsbruck match expected to promote, in England, 164.
-, intention of Charles to embrace, 179n; Charles suspected of intention to revive, 225; reestablishment not impossible, but king must first make himself absolute, 226.
-, Charles and James convinced that only religion to keep subjects loyal, 225.
Catholics, Roman; Papists, popish recusants:
-, criticism in Commons of leniency to, 22; Commons ask for enforcement of laws against, 25, 27; conference with Lords about, 29; strong feeling in Commons against, 32.
-, king unwilling to persecute, to gratify parliament, 25; king petitioned to enforce penal laws against, 29; proclamation for enforcing, 32.
-, reasons for slight opposition to parliament attack, 32; expedients to hold up action against, 34.
-, considering plans, best to place no reliance on king, 38–9; make arrangement with leaders of sectaries, 41.
-, action against urged by commissioners, 41; so multiplied that chapels insufficient for, 76.
-, persecuted by Elizabeth, 57.
-, queen wishes to provide church for, 76.
-, position under declaration of indulgence, 186; Fresno reports that king well disposed to, 198.
-, indulgence for relief of, and to secure services, 226, 246; queen claims favour for having procured advantages for, 227.
-, lack vigour to resist outcry against indulgence, complain of lethargy of Rome, 226; differences among, over appointment of bishop, 246.
-, king's desire to oblige, as good subjects, 246.
-, pope complains of not being informed earlier of grace conceded to, 247.
-, Lauderdale likely to benefit in Scotland, 247; Scottish parliament passes no acts against, 296.
Cefalu, Chieffalo, Sicily, 83.
Centurion, royal navy: Clifford's body taken home in, 51.
Cephalonia, Ionian island:
-, currants imported from, 16; currant trade of, 29, 72, 83.
-, petition for exemption from duty at, 109; petition to lade currants at, 273.
-, complaint of extortion at, 240–1; redress promised, 247–8.
-, Harby appointed viceconsul at, 258, 288–9; consulage at, 297.
-, English acknowledge good treatment at, 276.
-, Proveditore of, reprimand not desired, 254.
Ceran, Chevalier de, killed at Solebay, 232.
Cerda, Antonio de, duke of Medina Celi: to form force for America, 82.
Ceremonies, master of the. See Cotterel, Sir Charles,
chamberlain, lord of the household. See Montagu, Edward, earl of Manchester; Jermyn, Henry, earl of St. Albans.
chancellor, the lord. See Hyde, Edward, earl of Clarendon; Cooper, Anthony Ashley, earl of Shaftesbury.
-, of France. See Seguier, Pierre.
-, of Sweden. See Gardie, Magnus Gabriel de la.
-, of Scotland. See Leslie, John, earl of Rothes.
Chapplen, John, statement by, 131.
Charleroi [Prov. Hainaut, Belgium]:
-, Louis at, sends message to Monterey, 208; Orange lays siege to, 325; English indignation over, 328; Orange obliged to retire from, 329.
Charles I, king of Great Britain, 64.
-, money owed by to William II of Orange, 25.
-, Catholics did good service to, 29; Rupert fought for, 63.
-, queen's suffering by fate of, 63.
-, Buckingham favourite of, 66.
-, Blood a faithful servant of, 74.
-, Spaniards say son has not learned by example of, 174.
Charles II, king of Great Britain, 11, 63, 94, 253.
-, Manchester recovered favour at restoration, 50; Mocenigo's account of, 61–2.
-, abolished Canary Islands Co., 59.
-, gave Orange precedence over Rupert, 63; Clarendon lost favour of, 65.
-, present to Mocenigo, 73.
-, van Beuninghen tried to induce to make war on France, 206.
-, grants life to Capt. Holland, 220n.
-,-, Colbert urges alliance on, or neutrality, 1, 4; Louis informs of decision to march to Dunkirk, 4.
-,-, Molina urges duty of to alliance, 1; Dutch waiting to follow example, 5.
-,-, controls estimates for benevolence, 2; suspected of deceiving parliament to get grant, 10, 21–2.
-,-, renews farm of customs, 2; on currant duty, 8.
-,-, appointed arbitrator about boundaries in Flanders, 3; asks Louis to prolong term of arbitration, 5, 6, 18.
-,-, and the Coventry affair, 6, 7, 10–12, 14, 40; and Dodington's behaviour, 86.
-,-, emperor asks to introduce into alliance, 7; Molina presents letter to, 9; emperor's letter to, 13; letter to emperor, 14, 15, 18.
-,-, goes out of mourning for sister, 8; Venetian regard for, 9, 19, 35.
-,-, should not rely on strength of Dutch, 10; expected to forward interests of Orange, 20; ruin of Dutch would prejudice, id.
-,-, French and Spanish ambassadors entertain, 11; preparing a ballet, 15.
-,-, consults ministers about reply to Molina, 14; disposed to receive emperor, 17; not willing to join with emperor, 18.
-,-, gets Commons to discuss money grant, 15; outspoken criticism of in the Lords, 24.
-,-, toll levied by on ships, 17; privilege of those lending money to, 18.
-,-, takes offence at Venetian treatment of resident, 19; resents Spanish insinuations to parliament, 22.
-,-, Spaniards observing peculiar behaviour of, 21; Arlington says sure to watch French in Flanders, 27.
-,-, realises need for caution in foreign policy, 22; Alberti's opinion of policy of, 22–3.
-,-, amused at alarm over supposed Dutch - French agreement, 22n; Colbert aims to give satisfaction to, 26.
-,-, objection to presence when own affairs discussed in parliament, 24; Commons appropriate money to pay debts of, 26; gives assent to money bills and others, 27.
-,-, increased authority, advised not to recall parliament, 25; controls a majority in parliament, 27, 30; authority gains ground daily, 32.
-,-, assigns yearly grant to Orange, 25; questions of supply and liberty of conscience most important for, 32.
-,-, petition to against Catholics, 25, 29; Catholics count on support of, 32; free to prorogue parliament and thwart attack on Catholics, 34.
-,-, Levant Co. considers appealing to, 26; Algerine war costly to, 88–9.
-,-, asks parliament to pass new duty on beer, 27; objection to excessive taxation chief obstacle to wishes of, 32.
-,-, issues orders for fitting out fleet but disburses no money for it, 30; no preparations, 41.
-,-, Arlington will keep Argostoli incident from, 31; asks for settlement of Fustinoni suit, letter to doge, 36, 39; reply to, 40, 50, 52, 54.
-,-, most troublesome obstacle to French conquests, 31; agrees to appoint commissioners for Boreel, 39.
-,-, critics of punished, no one dares speak disrespectfully of in parliament, 34; tries to get Lords to give way about money bill, 40; unsuccessful, 43, 45.
-,-, leaves London for country diversions, 34; sends Lord Bellasis to compliment Louis, 44.
-,-, informed of serious state of duchess of York, 34; condolences for, on her death, 37, 44, 47.
-,-, emperor's sister supposed bride for, 38; without an heir and expected to seek remedy, 44.
-,-, and remarriage of James, 38; watches brother's proceedings narrowly, 44.
-,-, best for Catholics not to rely on, 39, 41; proposes to issue general pardon, real reason for, 40; does not issue, 45.
-,-, offended by Dutch mistrust, 39; commissioners report Boreel's remarks to, 41.
-,-, Molina suspects of secret understanding with France, 41; sends Bellasis to compliment Louis, 46.
-,-, long suffering with parliament, may prorogue, 43; prorogues it, 45.
-,-, Finch sees Grand Duke about demands of, 45; receives duke of Guise, 52.
-,-, not prudent for to arm ships without cause, 45; goes to inspect Chatham, 46.
-,-, to spend summer at Windsor and Newmarket, 47; attends garter ceremony at Windsor, 54.
-,-, Molina and Boreel agree that right not to stir against French, 47; not very concerned about Orange, 77.
-,-, presents portrait to Ragny, 48; receives Colbert on return from Dunkirk, 51.
-,-, Tangier heavy charge to, 56; disapproves of Don Pedro in Portugal, 70.
-,-, not well disposed to Elector Palatine, 64; laments death of duke of Cambridge, 79.
-,-, influence of Buckingham and Arlington with, 66; equally gracious to Ormonde and Buckingham, 67.
-,-, devotion of Monk and Arlington to, 67; Bristol devoted to, 68.
-,-, great prestige as head of triple alliance, 68–9; policy with Spain, Sweden and Denmark, 70.
-,-, carefully avoids quarrelling with Turk, 71; regretted inability to help Venice but would not allow ships to help Turks, 72.
-,-, restored Norfolk title to Howards, 73; confirms garter to Albemarle, 75.
-,-, leaves London for Windsor, 74; proposes to spend summer in country, 75, 77.
-,-, queen continues to cohabit with, at Whitehall, 76; at Windsor, 83, 85.
-,-, Spaniards suspect complicity in attack on Panama, 76; Godolphin says unable to restrain buccaneers, 77; will protest that attack against his will, 84.
-,-, refers to losses of Algiers pirates, 80; presents plate to Spragge, 103.
-,-, Dutch jealous of grant of levy to France, 87.
-,-, returns to London for Council, 85, 88; returns to London, 91–2.
-,-, and Tidiman's claim, 87, 98; reduces wine allowance for ambassadors, 92, 97.
-,-, progress postponed, 88; leaves for Portsmouth, 89; visits Portsmouth, isle of Wight and Plymouth, 90.
-,-, Molina accuses of breaking peace, 89; Godolphin expresses regret of about Panama, 95.
-,-, has no money to wage war or confidence to ask parliament for supply, 90; war dangerous to, from lack of money, 101.
-,-, Louis will venture nothing without help or neutrality of, 91; promise of Louis to not to break peace, 105.
-,-, entertains Seignelay, 96; stag hunting, 98, 102; at Newmarket for horse racing, 110.
-,-, proposed movements, 96, 102; fixes date for leaving London, 104, 106, 110; going to country in state, 108.
-,-, shifts chief burden of affairs on to Arlington, 98; appoints Sunderland ambassador to Madrid, 111.
-,-, Finch expects reward from, 103; visit to Norwich, 110; amusements interrupted by business, 111.
-,-, holds frequent councils, 106; importance to of being master of his revenues, 108n.
-,-, farmers of customs petition to reduce contract, cancels contract, 108; act of alarms people, 109; commissioners to manage customs for, 111.
-,-, postpones meeting of parliament, 111; Boreel with, at Newmarket, 114.
-,-, allows brother to marry again at his pleasure, 112; sentiments changed about, thinks no more of divorce, 114, 123.
-,-, would stand united with France if had own way, 112; subjects will not follow if joins France, 116.
-,-, equipment of fleet by causes suspicion, 113.
-,-, appoints Downing as minister to Holland, 113; in order to provoke war, 114n.
-,-, objections raised to receiving Melo, 114–15; queen persuades to receive him, 132.
-,-, returns to London, 115; attends lord Mayor's show and banquet, 120.
-,-, Buckingham tries to shake faith in Arlington, 117; ministers encourage to send Downing to Hague, 131.
-,-, money from abroad would render powerful and able to reduce people to subjection, 117; dependence on parliament a safeguard for triple alliance, 118.
-,-, rewards gallant captain of merchantman, 120; Dutch mean to ask for levies, 135.
-,-, disposed to favour French policy, 120; importance of neutrality to Louis, 126.
-,-, appeal to, for Galilee, 121; exchange of compliments with Venice, 137.
-,-, Fresno has instructions to soothe, 125.
-,-, cannot draw the sword without a fresh supply of money, 126; not known if means war, 135.
-,-, accuses Dutch of breaking treaty of Breda, 135; avoided unnecessary armaments for two years, 138.
-,-, has good news about Orange, 138; not ready to attack Dutch in this year, 167.
-,-, intimate relations with Louis, 138–9; satisfaction required from Venice, 141.
-,-, Colbert to inform of Spanish-Dutch treaty, 140; complains of Monterey as too much inclined to war, 142; policy to egg on France against Dutch, 146.
-,-, plans of, to raise money and humble parliament, 143; stops exchequer payments, a beginning of his plan, 146, 148.
-,-, Grand Duke of Tuscany anxious to show esteem for, 144.
-,-, urging neutrality upon Spain, 144; Spain puzzled about intentions of, 155.
-,-, Colbert informs of settlement of Cologne dispute, 145.
-,-, Colbert urges to declare himself, 146; understanding with Louis for war, 165.
-,-, assurances about eventual payment give satisfaction, care for relief of merchants and commercial grievances, 148.
-,-, Dodington acting by express orders from, 149, 151, 152n.; cannot allow religion of his realms to be slandered, 150.
-,-, merchants petition to obtain payment from Venice, 151; Venetian desire to gratify, 159.
-,-, Godolphin says sole idea is to preserve peace with honour, 154; fear that may have to join with France in earnest, 157.
-,-, French prevail on to send help with ships and troops, 156; French encouragement to war, 165.
-,-, Boreel has long audience of and leaves memorial, 157; Boreel informs of proposed mission of Beverning, 171.
-,-, alleged design to establish Catholicism in England, 162;
-,-, relations with the Keroualle, 172.
-,-, France promised money to enable to attack Dutch, 167; support of will be heavy drain on France, 168.
-,-, displeasure with Downing, sends him to Tower, 168; true reason for this action, 170; action encourages Dutch to resume negotiations, 171.
-,-, importance of York's marriage for succession to, 168; Fresno presented to, 171.
-,-, sceptical about Spanish-Dutch alliance, 169, 174; Spain points out obligations to triple alliance, 173.
-,-, Arlington promises Alberti not to allow sinister reports to reach, 170; supports claim of Galilee, 178.
-,-, Gascoigne to get Archduchess Claudia for, if queen dies, 172; goes into mourning for daughter of Louis, 184; and for duchess of Orleans, 200.
-,-, persuaded Louis to help him to punish insolence of Dutch, 172; Spanish ministers much impressed by this statement, think may suffer fate of his father, 174.
-,-, Fresno tried to get declaration that will not break peace with Spain, 174; wants France to recognise need of humouring Spain, 179n.
-,-, will try to get great concessions from Dutch, 175; may resent Spanish help for Dutch, 179; attitude to Spanish intervention, 180.
-,-, would not sanction unreasonable demands by Dodington, 175; means to recall him, 203.
-,-, need of support of Louis, 179n.; heavily subsidised by France, 182; France only waiting for sign from, to declare war, 185.
-,-, Meerman has audience of, 182–3; declares he will batter the Dutch ships, 183; means to seize all Dutch ships, 185.
-,-, probable justification of attack on Smyrna fleet, 184; decides on declaration of war, 185.
-,-, goes to inspect fleet, 185, 189, 201, 204; will accompany York on board ship, 199.
-,-, Dutch want to convince English that responsible for war, 186; avoids informing people of Meerman's negotiations, 188.
-,-, issues declaration of indulgence, 186, 189; means to rule absolutely, 188, 202–3, 205.
-,-, merchant informs of ship seized by Dutch, 186; gives Dutch ambassador leave to go, 197.
-,-, says Spain misinformed about ability to make war, 188; will not abandon Spain, though ungrateful, 189; warns France against attacking Spain, 190.
-,-, efforts to secure neutrality of Spain, 190; ministers explain action at Madrid, 190–2; Spanish reply to, 193–4; ambassadors resent reply and justify action of, 194–5.
-,-, people acclaim at declaration of war, 195; satisfied with arrangements for joint war, 197; reasons which induced to make war, 202.
-,-, easily obtains recruits for foot regiments, 197; facilitates levy of sailors, 199.
-,-, excellent disposition towards Catholics, 198; suspected of design to revive Popery, 225.
-,-, Arlington enlarges on friendliness to Spain, 199; would like to remain on good terms with Spain, 203.
-,-, Fresno has first formal audience of, 201; Gjöe has first audience of, 202; treaty with Denmark, 239.
-,-, means to humble but not to destroy Dutch, 203; resents Spain helping Dutch, 210.
-,-, proposes to send present to Neuburg, 203; creates peers, to encourage service, 205.
-,-, sends pilots to navigate French fleet, 204; skill in naval matters, 206; ships built from designs of, 206–7, 222, 239.
-,-, has instructions for naval offices printed in both languages, 204; entrusts fleet to York, 206.
-,-, will have to appeal to parliament if war goes ill, 205; reason for good hopes, 206; country mistrustful of, 207.
-,-, press of business recalls to London, 206; intent on preserving trade during war, 208.
-,-, irritated by Spanish threat about trade, 207; Spain ungrateful to, 222.
-,-, orders preparations for reception of French at Portsmouth, 208; inspects French fleet, 214, 218.
-,-, recalls Dodington, displeased with him, 209; reasons for recall too prejudicial to honour of, 220.
-,-, leaving to see French fleet, 209, 212; returns to London, 213.
-,-, Duteil presents letter from to Grand Duke, 210n.; explains rainbow as due to the wind, 216.
-,-, galleys building for, at Pisa, 210; letter from Holland warns of danger from fire-ships, 217.
-,-, Alberti gives letter from York to, 216; orders York not to expose himself, 218.
-,-, victory of Dutch fleet would have ruined, 217; no longer having confidence in common people, has to give command of ships to nobility, 218.
-,-, does not approve of design of French ships, 218; will not allow any one to measure a new ship building, 239.
-,-, York sends express to, from fleet, 219; withdraws order preventing sailing of ships, 220.
-,-, allows Dutch to leave country, 220.
-,-, Boreel asks for exchange of prisoners, wants information, 220.
-,-, Dutch believed unable to make war on them, 221; Fresno says in power of Spain to ruin, 222.
-,-, Dutch caricatures and libels on, 221–2; Dutch try to ruin, 222; much exasperated against Dutch, 236.
-,-, has guards strengthened, measures to secure himself, 222; suspicion of designs against parliament, 225.
-,-, shows no emotion at news of Solebay, expected greater victory, 224; sends Clifford to compliment York, and with fresh instructions, 228.
-,-, birthday and restoration celebrated, 225; gives garters to Worcester, St. Albans, Bedford and Arlington, 231.
-,-, reactions caused by declaration of indulgence, 225; brother wants to force in matter of religion, 226.
-,-, convinced Catholicism only religion to keep people loyal, action depends on success in war, 225; must make himself absolute first, 226; French successes serve for home affairs, 245; Catholics awaiting help from, 246.
-,-, goes to Sheerness to meet returning fleet, 228, 232; shows no resentment against French for conduct in action, 233, 235.
-,-, Boreel goes to and asks leave to treat for peace, 229; puts off Dutch peace commissioners, 230; repents not having sounded them, 236.
-,-, sends Halifax and Sylvius to Louis, about Dutch advances, 230; sends Buckingham and Arlington to France and Holland, 237.
-,-, publishes declaration inviting Dutch to settle in England, 230–1; Dutch pamphlet on manifesto of, 233.
-,-, grave speech at court martial, against despising the enemy, 232–3.
-,-, Arlington says labours incessantly for the good of the country, but not realised, 233; Arlington hopes to make himself necessary to, 238.
-,-, goes to visit fleet and returns to London, 235; leaving again for fleet, 237; orders many payments to be made, 243.
-,-, will not choose to be at mercy of France, to avoid censure from own subjects, 236; criticised for visiting French flagship, 243.
-,-, chief object in war to destroy Dutch trade, 238; ministers go to listen to Dutch proposals for, 244–5.
-,-, chooses Higgons as minister to Venice, 238; restores office of earl marshal to Howard family, 247.
-,-, by suspending payments destroyed credit of goldsmiths, hopes to profit by new trade, 239; hopeful of getting money from parliament, 246.
-,-, Vienna requires difficult conditions from, for Innsbruck match, 240; reported grant of nationalisation to all foreigners, 245.
-,-, letter to doge on exactions at Zante and Cephalonia, 240–1, 254, 269; reply to, 248; Alberti to present, 249; satisfied, 254–5.
-,-, believes Dutch hatred for England implacable and suspects them of submitting to France, 244; convinced that Louis will reject their advances, 244–5; says that places no trust in Orange or in civilities of the States, 251.
-,-, serious intention to restrain excessive liberty of his people, 246; Lauderdale seconds mild policy of, in Scotland, 252.
-,-, leaning to Catholicism not an affair of conscience, 246.
-,-, accredits Monmouth to Louis as ambassador, 249; shows ability to preside alone by parting with two ministers, 251.
-,-, expected that Orange will be exalted by, 249; Dutch acclaim when the ambassadors land, 251; Dutchman informs of de Witt's treason, 256.
-,-, letter to parliament of Scotland, 252–3.
-,-, trouble caused by suppression of superfluous offices in Ireland, 252.
-,-, supposed to have written to empress about Innsbruck match, 252; asks plainly for hand of archduchess, 267.
-,-, bears cost of Sandwich's funeral, 252.
-,-, grants permit for Leonessa, 253; decree of, modifying aliens' duty, 258.
-,-, already friendly to Venice, desirable to encourage, 253; letter of doge to, 267, 269.
-,-, knew particulars of Scagno's crime, 254; will be pleased at relief promised to merchants, 262.
-,-, consolidation of Dutch under Orange would be advantageous to, 255; professes readiness to give shelter to Dutch fleet from Indies, 257.
-,-, much inclined to peace, 256; Fresno thinks offended because Orange will not follow advice, 260–1.
-,-, hatred for Monterey, 257; Sylvius reports to, about Orange, 266.
-,-, shows Alberti Venetian account of Solebay battle, 258; can scarce dissemble mortification at lack of success, 268.
-,-, keeps most delicate part of affairs to himself, 260; Colbert tells that intervention of empire will hinder peace, 266.
-,-, ambassadors arrange for liberty to make peace separately, 261; Dutch ambassadors defrayed by, at Hampton Court, 272.
-,-, decides that copper coinage shall all be from royal mint, 265, 280.
-,-, might send embassy to Cologne for archduchess, 267.
-,-, much embarrassed by help promised to Dutch, 269; haunted by fear of sinister results from French alliance, 272.
-,-, marries son to Arlington's daughter, 269; makes him earl of Euston, 270n.
-,-, Dutch ambassadors resent being forced to leave by, 272; Swedish mediation offered to and accepted, 274.
-,-, likely to abide by alliance, would get nothing but shame from peace, 272; bent on some glorious undertaking in the war, 281.
-,-, vexation increased by difficulties of Orange, 273; tells him will find England and France well disposed once de Witt party is destroyed, id.
-,-, ready to meet York on return, 274; goes to meet him at Sheerness, 277.
-,-, de Witt party irreconcilable enemies of, 274; cautions Orange against de Witt party, 291.
-,-, Spain believes will hesitate about declaring war on her, 277; Spain's astonishment at policy of, 284.
-,-, returns to London without deciding about shipment of troops or sailing of fleet, 277.
-,-, values friendship of Venice, 279; grants favour to Venetian ships, 283, 288; regard for Venice, 294.
-,-, receives York's report on fleet, goes to see it, 281, 284; stays there, 290; urges York to give up command, 290–1.
-,-, takes off aliens' duties, 283; and consulage at Venice, 293, 297.
-,-, arranges to send light squadrons to sea, 291; visit to fleet, 295, 300.
-,-, Orange sends Rhede to, to urge peace, 291; Orange unlikely to detach from France, 296.
-,-, advantage of war to, practically paid by France, 292; sends assurances to Louis of cooperation in war, 305.
-,-, prorogues parliament until February, 292; makes no demand on parliament for money, 296.
-,-, Gardie tells Louis of attitude to mediation, 294; likely to stand by French alliance, 313, 316.
-,-, Louis delivers up a rebel to, 294; bound to Louis by strong tie, 296; Fresno suggests that might modify French pretensions, 301.
-,-, shows great kindness to York and confidence in him, 295; terms of York's marriage treaty to be sent to, 303.
-,-, rate of interest charged to, 296, 315; provides convoy at his own cost, 320.
-,-, has humbled parliament, 296; Arlington's view of delicate position of, 314; discouraged by dangers of protracted war, 316.
-,-, might get increased revenue by admitting Venetian glass, 300; could help by allowing produce of Adriatic to come under Venetian flag, 303.
-,-, leaves for Newmarket and horse racing, 300; will stay a fortnight, 304; takes whole Court into country, 306.
-,-, makes Ossery knight of the garter, 302; reviews Rupert's regiment of dragoons, 306.
-,-, returns to London, holds several councils, 308; Buckingham advises to stand by French alliance, 314, 316; assurances of support to France, 318.
-,-, Swedish ambassadors have private audience of, 308; they dispose to listen to negotiations, 313; entertains them, 317.
-,-, makes Howard earl of Norwich, 309; promised convoy for merchantmen, 315; holds back ships from sailing, 323.
-,-, senate wishes Dodington to give a good account to, 311; letter recalling Dodington, 311–12.
-,-, doge's letter to, concerning Dodington, 311, 313; desire to maintain friendly relations with Venice, 312; Dodington will inform of good intentions about trade, 312.
-,-, Crockow has audience of, 314; speaks to Melo about Spanish policy, 320.
-,-, future policy doubtful, 314, 320; will be guided by circumstances, 316; will justify policy of war, 318.
-,-, bargain with E. India Co., 315; may reimpose aliens' duty at end of war, 319.
-,-, gets Bridgeman to resign office of lord keeper, makes Shaftesbury chancellor, 318; makes Clifford lord treasurer, 321; rewards by promotions, 321, 324.
-,-, Arlington has great hold on affections of, 318; Buckingham in disgrace for attempt on pleasures of, 321.
-,-, doubtful about risking parliament, 323; parliament likely to grant money to, to pay individuals, 326.
-,-, no one knows where will find money, 323; obligations under triple alliance, 328.
-,-, indignation at charges made by Danish resident, 324.
-,-, James trusts completely about marriage, 326; clause in treaty for assisting the emperor, 327.
-,-, sure to reciprocate friendly intentions of Venice, 327; accuses Spaniards of seeking war, 328.
-, natural sons of. See Fitzroy, Henry; James, duke of Monmouth.
Charles II, king of Spain, the Catholic king, 1, 12, 69, 147, 165, 237, 320.
-, and Flanders, 3; abandons counter claim to Franche Comté, 52.
-, England pities weakness and inclined to support, 70; no negotiations about boundaries during minority, 88.
-, queen will not prejudice by yielding anything, 93; Louis promised to keep peace with, 142.
-, Sunderland to persuade not to support Dutch, 117; act of alliance with the Dutch, 140; not an advantage to support Dutch during minority of, 142.
-, Godolphin awaiting furnishings to present to, 154; ready for good understanding with England, 154.
-, offers made to, to secure neutrality, 172–3, 191–2.
-, Charles's care for interests of, 188–9, 203; commended to protection of Charles, 201.
-, Scots troops enter service of, in exchange, 200.
-, Dutch pledged not to make peace without, 245; has bulk of force on which Orange must rely, 263; report that Dutch fortresses to be ceded to, 313.
-, consul speaks of injurious consequences of war with, 328.
Charles XI, king of Sweden:
-, appointed arbitrator upon boundaries in Flanders, 3, 7, 18, 191; hope to keep steadfast to alliance, 91; obligations under alliance, 328.
-, allowed Danish jurisdiction in Sound, 6.
-, installed as knight of the garter, 75.
-, must join princes of the empire of France refuses mediation, 282.
-, suggested match with Mlle. d'Elboeuf, 318.
Charles Emanuel II, duke of Savoy:
-, English relations with, 71.
Charles III, duke of Lorraine, duke of Elboeuf:
-, Spanish representations in favour of, 3; Colbert justifies action against, 5.
-, English do not trust and unwilling to help, 78.
-, proposed match for daughter of, 318.
Charles Louis, Elector Palatine of the Rhine:
-, Rupert refuses appanage from and will not restore mother's jewels to, 63–4.
-, treated with parliament to obtain English crown, 64; daughter (Charlotte Elizabeth) marries Monsieur, 134.
Charles, royal navy:
-, damaged in action, under repair, 229.
Charlotte Elizabeth, daughter of Elector Palatine: marries Monsieur, 134.
Chateau Morant, chevalier de, wounded at Solebay, 232.
Chatham, co. Kent:
-, king goes to inspect extended fortifications of, 46; become a very strong fortress, 48.
-, tapestry showing burning of ships at, 116.
-, Seignelay goes to see ships at, 161; York inspects ships at, 182, 197.
-, Capt. Holland showed Dutch way to, 220.
Chicheley, Cicli, Sir John:
-, sent to command under Spragge, 89.
Chieffalo. See Cefalu.
-, English trading with, 56.
Chiombergh. See Schomberg.
Christian V, king of Denmark:
-, will not renounce jurisdiction over Sound, 6; claim of, for salute at Sound, 102.
-, birth of son to, 123.
-, signs treaty with England, 200, 239; Richmond to complain of resident to, 324.
-, order of about Falcon awaited, 271.
-, parliament adjourns for, 5.
Church of England, Protestants:
-, Mocenigo's account of, 61.
Cicli. See Chicheley.
cinnamon, cargo of captured, 271.
Civita Vecchia [Prov. Roma, Italy]:
-, encounter of Venetian ship with English cruisers off, 109, 110, 133.
-, account of incident at, 123–5.
-, governor of. See Cleuter.
Clarendon, earl of. See Hyde, Edward.
Claudia Felicitas, daughter of the Archduke Ferdinand Charles of the Tyrol, the archduchess of Inspruch, 143.
-, suggested by Oñate as bride for James, 38; James receives portrait of, 114.
-, negotiations in train about, 123; Sunderland to make first proposals for, at Madrid, 132; he does so, 170.
-, portrait of James sent to, 132; Gascoigne at Innsbruck about, 144.
-, portrait of received, disappointing, 222; Charles writes to empress about, 252.
-, mission of Peterborough to ask for, 265, 267.
-, proposed marriage of. See under marriage.
Clement IX (Giulio Rospigliosi), pope:
-, Mocenigo presented letter of, to queen, 72.
Clement X (Emilio Altieri), pope:
-, alleged plot with France to destroy Dutch, 162; Flemish clergy complain of taxation without consent of, 169.
-, promotion of cardinals by, 227n.; influence of Jesuits with, 246.
-, complains of not being informed earlier of indulgence in England, 247.
Cleuter, commander at Civita Vecchia:
-, suspected to be hostile to English, 110; report of, on affair at Civita Vecchia, 123–4.
-, action about the salute, 124–5.
Cleveland, duchess of. See Villiers, Barbara.
Cleveland, royal yacht:
-, Bond crossed in, 161n.
Cleves, treaty of (1666), alliance for maintaining, 313.
Clifford, Thomas, lord, treasurer of the household, 21, 50, 51n.:
-, made baron Clifford of Chudleigh, 205; Charles sends to brother with fresh instructions, 228.
-, goes to Hampton Court to confer with Dutch envoys, 237, 244.
-, king entertains Swedish ambassadors at house of, 317.
-, made lord treasurer, 321, 324.
-, Thomas, son of Lord Clifford:
at Venice, 21; death at Florence, 51n.
body embarked at Leghorn, 50–1.
-, attack on Druso Guerra, 211; Dodington asks for punishment, 212; reply of Senate about, 213; Dodington asks for pardon, but with precautions, 242; Guerra still in fear of, 243; to refrain from attacking Guerra, 248; Dodington satisfied about, 254.
-, manufacture of, enjoined, 57.
-, extensive trade of Levant Co. in, 58; company for trade in, with Hamburg, 59.
-, Roscommon sends quantity to France, 101; quantity of, for the Levant, 315.
Clutterbuck, Cluterback, Sir Thomas, consul at Leghorn:
-, to be resident at Florence, 103.
-, proposed new duties on, 40.
Colbert, Charles, de Croissy, French ambassador in England, 44, 96.
-, urges alliance on England or neutrality, 1; reports hostility of Commons to France, 4; complains of English support of Spain, 5; does not interfere about proposal to stop import of brandy, 34.
-, justifies action against Lorraine, 5; intent on maintaining confidential relations with Court, 26.
-, entertains king and Court, 11, 15; does not interfere in parliament but attends debates, 26.
-, announces extension of term of arbitration, 12; opinion about arbitration, 88.
-, sounds ministers about alliance with Dutch, 14; says Louis inclined to alliance but Dutch want war, 46.
-, hopes to be relieved soon, 26; going to Dunkirk to report to king, 35, 45.
-, suggests niece of Cardinal de Retz for duke of York, 38; reports that king fears trouble over grant of levies, 87n.
-, expected back in London, 47; king receives graciously on return, 51.
-, sent back to stay until end of year, 52; chapel kept up by, 62, 76.
-, scant success with commercial treaty, 69; announces handing over of St. Kitts, 106.
-, expatiates on trust England may place in France, 75; Alberti confers with at Windsor, 79; opinion about retention of Temple in England, 79, 80.
-, arguments of, to detach England from Dutch, 88; watching relations with Dutch, 102.
-, Molina jealous of advances of, 90; shows no resentment at report of warlike designs of France, 106.
-, imparts death of duke of Anjou, 92; in bed with gout, 136.
-, Charles informs why parliament postponed, 111n.; Charles tells that Downing chosen to pick quarrel with Dutch, 114n.
-, makes difficulties about paying subsidy, 122; great minister in close conference with, 137.
-, Melo exchanges visits with, 136.
-, says Cologne has declared for France, 138; tells Charles of settlement of Cologne dispute, 145.
-, to inform Charles of Spanish-Dutch treaty, 140; reports death of duchess of Orleans, 200.
-, urges Charles to declare himself, 146; induces him to send ships and troops, 156.
-, will not insist on punishment of Jennings, 158; urges Monmouth to cross to France, 185.
-, says his king will not be sparing of money, 165; large sums remitted to, 170.
-, stirs Charles against Spain, 174; Arlington speaks to of need to humour Spain, 179n.
-, has frequent conferences with ministers, 178; forwards ratified treaties to France, 180–1.
-, protests induce Charles to bluster against Dutch, 183; says France only waiting for sign from England to declare war, 185; receives news of French declaration, 197.
-, not pleased with warning against attack on Spain, 190.
-, confers with ministers, sends back courier, 195; back from fleet, arranges about salutes, 213.
-, has good news of French fleet, 197; with York, on the fleet, 205; reports inspection of French ships by Charles, 214.
-, goes to Sheerness to congratulate York, 228; mortified by criticism of French action at Solebay, 233; goes to take particulars of action, 243.
-, Alberti gets particulars about Dutch advances from, speaks of French intentions about peace, 245; finds Turenne will remain on defensive, 301.
-, says France can make diversions in empire, 256; says intervention of empire will only hinder peace, 266.
-, asks for leave, but unlikely to be granted, 269.
-, goes with king to meet fleet, 277.
-, dares not press question of proroguing parliament, 292.
-, -, Françoise, wife of, returning to London with husband, 47, 52.
-, -, intimate of, confidences with Alberti, 83.
-, Jean Baptiste, controleur general des finances, 96:
opposed to march into Flanders, 4; sent son to England to distract him from undesirable connection, 167.
outcry against for delay of supplies to fleet, 243.
-, -, son of marquis of Seignelay, Segnale, Segnelay:
mission to England, entertained, 96; gets England to send ships and troops, 156; goes to see fleet and returns to France, 161, 165; back at Court, gets credit of final touches to alliance, 167.
Coleman, Colman, Capt. William:
-, action with Dutch, joins main fleet, 219.
Cologne, German Empire:
-, England not concerned with disputes at, 49; disputes with elector, 93; affairs at tend towards adjustment, 108.
-, Dutch ready to withdraw troops from, 131; Dutch sending troops to, 140.
-, differences between mediators over, 131; French frustrate adjustment of elector with, 135; mediators fail, 138; state becoming more embroiled, 140.
-, Monterey preparing to help citizens, 135; Charles informed of adjustment at, 145.
-, French troops take charge in, 162; Dutch encounters with French near, 208.
-, Gascoigne imagines embassy to, to receive archduchess, 267.
-, archbishop elector of. See Maximilian Henry, of Bavaria.
comedians: Coventry's joke on proposal to tax, 6n.
commerce. See trade.
commissioners, French, at Lille, 3.
-, -, appointed to treat with Boreel: Boreel can get no reply from, 39; report his strong speech to king, 41.
-, for bill against Catholics, 32, 34.
Commons, House of, Lower House:
-, king's declarations obtained grant from, 1; adjourns till Christmas, 5.
-, debates in about raising money granted, 1–2, 13, 15, 30, 32: question of supply in, 8; Lords vote sum offered by, 24.
-, considers debt due to Orange 2; hostility to France, 4; stir in about journey to Dunkirk pleases Spain, 21.
-, Coventry criticised king in, 6; and the Coventry case, 7, 10, 12, 14, 18, 20.
-, composition of, 14, 60; disputes with Lords, 18; about money bill, 27, 40, 45.
-, criticism in of liberty accorded to Catholics, 22; address to king against Catholics, 25; resent failure of attack, 27.
-, Spaniards hint to that king means to deceive, 22.
-, facility of granting money criticised in Lords, 24; assigns money for payment of king's debts, 26; conference with Lords about, 27.
-, conference with Lords about Catholics, insist on fresh laws, 29; strong feeling of against Catholics, 32; money bill nearly through, 34.
-, debates importation of brandy, 34; Clarendon brought down by, 65; parliament dangerous owing to licence of, 202.
-, plan of king to humble, 143; Fresno to impress with injury to trade through breach with Spain, 174; bill for naturalisation of aliens introduced in, 253n.
-, See also parliament.
-, English method of trading by, 57.
Condé [Nord, France]:
-, French claims to, 3, 194; arbitration about, 12, 18, 191.
Constable, Robert, Viscount Dunbar:
-, concerned in murder of Virnill, 40.
Constant Warwick, royal navy, in squadron at the Nore, 219n.
Constantinople, Turkish Empire:
-, Barbary ships assemble for voyage to, 44.
-, trade of Levant Co. at, 58.
-, question of, at Venice, 258; proposed change in, 286, 292–3; estimate of proceeds from, 299.
-, Alberti's opposition to change in, 292–3, 297, 305, 319, 321; Hailes persists about, 296.
-, London merchants oppose change, 302; very much out of favour, 307.
-, Senate's instructions about, 305, 310, 325.
-, Hailes leaves persons to advocate his proposals for, 309, 315; question submitted to Council of Trade, 315, 319; decision about, 329; disputes over, 324; merchants slow in deciding about, 326.
-, English, at Algiers. See Ward, John.
-, -, at Cadiz. See Wescomb, Matthew.
-, -, at Leghorn. See Clutterbuck, Sir Thomas; Skinner, Ephraim.
-, -, at Venice. See Hailes, George; Hobson, John.
-, -, at Zante. See Harby, Sir Clement.
-, Spanish, at London. See Fonseca, Manuel de.
Contarini, Andrea, reads office to Dodington, 87.
-, Carlo, Venetian ambassador in Spain, 168.
despatches to the Senate, 21, 76, 81, 90, 95, 100, 117, 125, 134, 145, 153, 163, 172, 182, 194, 198, 210, 216, 227, 234, 276.
instructions to, 144.
communication with Alberti, 146.
exchanges civilities with Sunderland, calls on Godolphin, 153; Alburquerque informs of proposals made by French and British ambassadors, 172.
-, Domenico, doge of Venice, 149, 159.
letter of York to, 6; letter of Charles to, about Fustinoni case, 36.
replies to Dodington, 35, 81, 94, 127–8, 137, 311.
letter of Charles to about Dodington's recall, 311.
-, Vettor, Savio alla Mercanzia, 274.
Cooper, Anthony, Ashley, lord Ashley:
-, made earl of Shaftesbury and baron Cooper of Paulett, 205; goes to Hampton Court to confer with Dutch envoys, 244.
-, made Chancellor, allied with Buckingham and Lauderdale, 318.
Copenhagen, Denmark, 6, 324n.
-, suggestion from about the salute, 102; treaty signed at, 200n., 239.
-, king makes agreement with Cronstrom for, 265, 280.
Cordell, Thomas, complains of extortions at Zante, 242.
Corfu, island of:
-, Harby appointed viceconsul at, 258, 288–9.
Cormantin [Gold Coast, W. Africa]:
-, only fort left to English, 59.
Cornaro, Antonio, Avogador di Comun, 37.
Corner, Geronimo, Hieronimo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 84, 122.
Corniani, Giovanni Giacomo, secretary to the Collegio, 35, 48, 82.
-, -, Venetian Secretary at Florence:
despatch from, 330.
Correggio, Ser Agostino, 36.
Cotterel, Sir Charles, master of the ceremonies:
-, introduces Alberti to audience, 54; tells Boreel he is at liberty to go, 197; attends on count de la Gardie, 274.
-, -, son of, killed at Solebay, 232.
Council, the Privy:
-, opinion of Spanish policy in, 7; policy with regard to alliance, 12.
-, concerned about rupture between France and Holland, 10; differences in over policy to French and Dutch, 119.
-, and the Pendarvis case, 26; Galilee appeals to, 121.
-, intent on proceedings of parliament, 32; king comes to London to attend, 85, 88.
-, Rupert made member of, 63; members attend lord mayor's banquet, 120.
-, opposition in, to reception of Melo, 114–15.
-, slow about taking decisive measures, 122.
-, war discussed in, proposes to call parliament, 122.
-, considers Dutch-Spanish treaty, 142; considering open alliance with France, 156.
-, decision to stop exchequer payments, 146; intent on relief of merchants and commercial grievances, 148.
-, agrees to send ships and troops to help French, 156; question of flag before, 186.
-, withdraws order closing the ports, 220.
-, Charles shows his ability to preside alone at, 251; members go to see fleet, 284.
-, comment on Dutch herring fishery in, 281.
-, considers Dutch not sufficiently humbled, 285; question of Venetian consulage before, 286, 292, 315.
-, ratifies treaty with Gayland, 322n.; extends term for closing of exchequer, 326.
Council of Trade, 327.
-, papers on consulage submitted to, 298; question referred to, 315, 322; deals with it, 319, 321.
-, robbed, 305.
Courtin, Honoré, French ambassador to the Dutch, 80.
Coventry, Henry, ambassador to Sweden, 123.
-, appointed, 91; not started, 96; mission suspended, 101.
-, starts, instructions to, 106; arrived in Sweden, 121.
-, reports Sweden likely to be neutral, 196.
-, -, secretary of state, letters to Richmond, 324n.
-, Sir John, 5.
reflection upon the king, 6, 11; outrage upon, 6, 7; Commons and case of, 6, 7, 10, 12, 14, 20; Lords and case of, 10, 12; difference between Lords and Commons over, 18, 20, 22; king's interest in case, 40; assailants of, disappointed because king did not grant general pardon, 45.
Cox, Sir John, captain of the Royal Prince, killed at Solebay, 231.
Crequy, Charles Nicolas de, marquis of Ragny, Ragni, French envoy to England:
-, has audience of king, queen and York, 46; leaving, king's present to, 48.
-, François de, duo de Lesdiguières, 46n.
Crevant, Louis de, marshal d'Humières, leaves garrison at Warneton, 107; ordered to re-establish fort, 112n.
Crockow, Laurens Georg de, envoy of Brandenburg:
-, arrival and audiences, treats with Arlington, 314; allowed to leave without an answer, 321.
-, Clarendon introduced into government, 64.
-, wanted Henry Howard, from Padua, 73.
Cronstrom, Abraham, a Swedish merchant: contract with, for copper, 265, 280.
Crow, Thomas, commander of the yacht Merlin, 100.
-, his orders from York to insist on salute from Dutch, 104; demands salute, id.
Culford Manor, co. Suffolk:
-, country seat of York, 306.
currants, 20, 31, 209:
-, duty on, 8; real per mille on, 16, 17, 92; reported renewal of, 86.
-, grant of exemption from duty on, 8; English ships have permit to lade, 28.
-, Venice might take up carrying trade in, 16; Alberti takes up question with Arlington, 19, 21.
-, cargoes from Ionian islands, 16; ship with leaving Argostoli, 31.
-, parliament considering fresh tax on, 19, 22, 26, 37; not carried because of prorogation, 45.
-, Dodington speaks to Mocenigo about trade in, 29, 42; he suggests suspension of trade, 81.
-, Mocenigo's remarks on trade in, 72; Venetian promises about duty, 92.
-, Levant Co. suspends trade of Morea, 81; merchants petition for exemption from duty, 109.
-, cargo of, from Ionian islands, 83; change in price of, Venetian regulations for, 177, 198, 200.
-, exactions from merchants for, 127–8; fraud practised about, at Zante, 142.
-, drawback on duty upon, for taking wheat, 146, 158.
-, complaints of official extortion over, 153, 240–1, 254; redress promised, 247–8.
-, London proposes to suspend imports of, would be disastrous for Zante, 166; distress at Zante from fall of trade in, 196.
-, hopes of ships coming for, 197.
-, Arlington wants more information about, 269; Dodington modified office about, 272, 279; Alberti discusses with Arlington, 276.
-, Raven's petition to lade, 273; not supported, 274.
-, question of security demanded of merchants for, 280.
-, Venetians would have advantages in carrying, 310.
-, licences for trading in, 326; Dodington's proposals probably about, 329.
-, king renews farm of, 2; assignment to Orange upon, 25n.
-, amount raised by, 62.
-, king takes into own hands, 108; appoints commissioners for, 108n, 111.
-, revenue mortgaged for some time, 111; war will reduce revenues considerably, 121.
-, farmers of:
permits issued by, 17; ask for reduction of price, 108.
king cancels contract of, 108; alarm caused by, 109.