Backwell, Bakewell, Alderman Edward, sent to Hague for instalment of money, 326.
Baden Durlach, marquis of. See Frederick VI.
Bagnasco, Count Pietro, Furstenborg seized by, 244n.
baize, prodigious quantity sold to Spain, 222.
Baja, Baya [near Naples], point of, 360.
Bakewell. See Backwell.
Bakworth. See Buckworth.
Balbaces, marquis de los. See Spinola, Doria.
Balbi, Almerigo, Savio alla Mercanzia, 227, 278.
ballads, circulated against pope, 178.
Ballarino, Giovanni Battista, Venetian minister at the Porte, acted as godfather to Winchelsea's son, 473n.
ballet, at Court, 188, 197, 371.
Baltic Sea, Dutch squadron for, 389; not English interest for Dutch and Danes to be too strong in, 479.
Banckes, Banches, English merchant at Leghorn, 159.
Bankaert, Bankert, Adrian van, Dutch naval commander, engages Estrées at Texel battle, 99, 100.
bankers. See goldsmiths.
Barazos, coachman to the king of Spain, incident with Godolphin, 67.
Barbados, Borbade, W. Indies, island of:
-, ships arrive from, 97; revolt in, 450–1.
Barbançon, Barbanson, prince of, envoy from Flanders to England:
-, arrival awaited, 245; complains of English partiality for France, 246; opinion about mediation, 250.
-, has his audiences, mild replies to, 250.
Barbaro, Almoro, Proveditore of Zante, despatches to the Senate, 63, 81.
-, Almoro, Savio alla Mercanzia, 227, 258, 278.
Barbary, N. Africa:
-, ships of, 60, 63; appear in the Channel, 433.
Barberino, Carlo, Cardinal:
-, would like York-Modena match, 107, 126; urges it on duchess, 118; urges pope to send exhortatory brief to princess, 125; upset by hitch over papal consent, 126; surmounts difficulties in negotiations, 132.
-, reports marriage to Altieri, 131; suggests way to save pope's face, 132.
-, intervenes to put things straight, 141, 146; perturbed at opposition to dispensation, 145; confidences with Mocenigo, 146; Mocenigo informs of dealings, 147.
-, Cardinal Cibo unwilling to deal with, 146; away in the country, 157.
-, Cardinal Estrées confers with, 147–8; expedients discussed with, 148–9; papers proposed by, 150–1.
-, to get form of dispensation drawn up, 157; formula rejected, 164; text of formula, 165–6.
-, petition to the pope, 165; will not accept new formula, 170–1.
-, promised much to Prince Rinaldo, 362.
-, Lucretia, married to duke of Modena, 107n.
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, 72n.
Barclai, Barcley. See Berkeley.
Bardi, Count, 159.
Barillon, Bariglion, Bariglon, Paul de, French plenipotentiary to Cologne, 231.
-, awaiting instructions, 251; to confer with Tot, 255.
Barker, Christopher, printer, 14.
Barnardiston, East Indiaman, arrives home, 105n
Barty. See Bertie.
Bath, earl of. See Grenville, John.
Bavaria, German Empire, 364.
-, possible alliance with Sweden etc., 207.
-, elector of. See Ferdinand Maria.
Baya. See Baja.
Beauclerk, Charles, king's natural son by Eleanor Gwynne, made duke of St. Albans, 444.
Beauvillier, François de, duc de St. Aignan, 161n.
-, Paul de, count of St. Aignan, first gentleman of the bedchamber, waits on Mary of Modena, 161, 167.
Beckford, Major Thomas, of the city militia, sent to prison, 449.
Bedford, earl of. See Russel, William.
Bedmar, count of, accompanied Vaudemont, 443.
beer, duty on, 222.
Bellasis, John, lord, to command a regiment, 9.
-, Thomas, viscount Falconbridge:
grievance about refusal of favours, 3, 10, 17; Alberti speaks to about currant trade, 313.
informed of dealings with nonconformists, 349; of party against Court, 390.
and debt to Hailes, 373n.
Bellefonds, marquis of. See Gigault, Bernardin.
Bembo, Agostin, Savio alla Mercanzia, 455.
-, Marco, Venetian consul at Aleppo:
Lannoy brings letters of introducfrom, 81; half owner of Sta. Giustina, 140.
Bennett, Henry, earl of Arlington, secretary of state, 12, 30, 121, 242.
-, letter to Alberti, 93.
-, letter countersigned by, 274.
-,-, tells Colbert attack on Flanders will be resented, 1; says England ready for war with Spain, 9.
-,-, Dodington complains to, about present, 2, 4; presents Dodington to king, 10.
-,-, speaks to Alberti about salt fish trade, 4, 26; ready to examine trade proposals, 10; collecting information, 15; Alberti replies to about salt fish, 17.
-,-, keeps Mainz envoy waiting, 9; to command a regiment, 9n; trying to get treasurership, 56.
-,-, thinks parliament will not be difficult about the war but only about religion, 13, 16; foreign ministers ask for leave to retain priests, 35.
-,-, discusses dissolution of parliament, urges absolute need of money, 27; king complains of, confesses lack of courage, 37; king deceived by, reported intrigues, 56.
-,-, dissuaded king from making him commissioner to Cologne, 33n; has great hopes of peace, 36; ignorant of plan to enlist support of Louis, 56.
-,-, Alberti speaks to about consulage, 36, 43, 77; Alberti to make representations to, 47, 54–5.
-,-, Rupert writes to, about battle, 57–8; says Salines only came to detach England from her allies, 88n.
-,-, Fresno tries to move by danger to Flanders, 59; response to, 65; sharp colloquy with Fresno, 678; exchanges exceptional civilities with Fresno, 85.
-,-, fears rupture with Spain, 68; becoming more French daily, 91.
-,-, asks for memorial about consulage, 69; Alberti to assist merchants with, about consulage, 82; speaks about consulage, 102.
-,-, wants to get out of secretaryship, and become lord chamberlain, 71; manœuvres of, York turns against, 73; purchasing post of lord chamberlain, 101, 114.
-,-, told Alberti no prince need scruple to ally with Mazarin family, 83; measures to strengthen position, 91.
-,-, speaks to Alberti about Sta. Giustina incident, 92, 101; difficulty of approaching, 97.
-,-, cursed for selling the country to France, 101; Buckingham refuses to act with, 106; not greatly alarmed, 114.
-,-, thinks peace will be matter of long digestion, 101; will not retire till course of war settled, 114.
-,-, writes to Alberti about Amity, 102–3; letter countersigned by, 111.
-,-, tries to lull feeling against French, 106; to stop Salines coming to London, 121.
-,-, Alberti deals with about Sta. Giustina, 112, 115, 129, 139, 145, 163, 170, 181, 183, 195.
-,-, gets hold of Dutch-Spanish treaty, 127; hopes will not drag Spain into war with France, 128; against accepting Dutch terms, 138.
-,-, expects to hear of dismissal of Gremonville, 138, 144; comment on Dutch letter to king, 169.
-,-, arranges Genoese affair with Colbert, 145.
-,-, hopes Spain will not act rashly, 154; efforts to avoid breach with Spain, 155; says Spain will not risk a rupture, 162; lack of moderation with Fresno, 186.
-,-, distracted by endless engagements, 163; suffering from gout, 183, 186, 190.
-,-, alone in stemming tide running against France, 185; enlarges on Spanish-Dutch alliance, 190–1.
-,-, threatened with impeachment, 185; Buckingham and treasurer allied to ruin, 187.
-,-, York visits, 187; Alberti visits, 186, 190.
-,-, alone in suggesting prorogation, 187; warned to take care of himself, 199.
-,-, distress at personal danger, 191; says Dutch do not want peace, anticipates general war, 194.
-,-, Buckingham's charges against, 201, 233; appears before Commons to answer them, 201; successful defence of, 204–5; commissioners find no reason to convict, 210, 216.
-,-, suggestion to settle peace and prorogue parliament, 211; dissuades king from following Fresno's policy, 234.
-,-, accused of bribing members of parliament, 215.
-,-, commissioner for the peace, 218; treating for office of lord chamberlain, 239.
-,-, and consulage at Venice, 224; said nothing about Concord, 230, 242.
-,-, account of proceedings after Clarendon's dismissal, 227.
-,-, proposes to retire, 228; reassured, no longer thinks of resigning, 233.
-,-, of the party of the prince of Orange, 233, 236; alone favours Holland, 236.
-,-, the most diligent minister in England, 239; trying to get rid of secretaryship, 257.
-,-, and the Zante incident, 241; indifference about consulage, 253; to be kept well disposed, 260.
-,-, back in London to work, 257; commissioner to treat with Spaar, 286.
-,-, Ruvigny remarks to on submissiveness to Spain, 259; regrets Spanish opposition to peace, 261; suggests exchange of fortresses, 264.
-,-, king speaks to, for Alberti's chaplain, 287; will not sign order for transportation, 288.
-,-, made lord chamberlain, 292; Dutch connection of, 293; at head of party favouring Orange, 305; Latimer to keep watch on, 312.
-,-, mission of, to Hague, 310–2, 317, 322, 342, 360; Court anxious for news of, ministers hope will fail, 315; Spain curious about, 335.
-,-, ill of gout, 311; York not privy to all instructions given to, 321; York suspicious of, 330.
-,-, reports arrival and interview with Orange, 321; returning with promise from Orange but no concession about trade, 323; tarries, supposed reasons, 326, 330.
-,-, suggestions thwarted by van Beuningen, 336; dealings with Orange, 340, 346.
-,-, returns to London, 339, 356n; report of, 340, 345; said to have perverted king's disposition, 361–2.
-,-, surprised at France accepting papal mediation, 340; with Ruvigny every day, 345, 347.
-,-, alarmed by recall of Shaftesbury, 346; accused of perverting king, 361–2.
-,-, favours congress in London, 356; advised king to send Melo to France, 441n.
-,-, coach for Sarotti's entry, 421; refers to promotion of trade with Venice, 427, 436.
-, -, wife of. See Nassau, Isabella of.
-, Isabella, married to Henry Fitzroy, earl of Euston, 91.
-, Sir John, order for speeding up matter of, 210.
Bergeik, Bergeich, Bergheik, baron de, envoy from Flanders to England, 428.
-, expected from Brussels, 320, 326; arrives, 330; begins with complaints, 336; treated as Monterey's envoy, 344.
-, very suspicious of English ministers, 345; suggests London for conference, 356, 360.
-, opinion about Venetian mediation, 346; informs king of acceptance of mediation, 389.
-, reports Don Juan coming to Flanders, 350; on policy with Orange, 352, 356.
-, announces arrival of Velasco, 365; absent from comedy, 371; Ronquillo informs of coming, 394.
-, urged to move emperor about Furstenberg, 374; magnifies forces of Spain, 400.
-, writes to Villa Hermosa on claims against Ostenders, 379; explains flag incident, 386; comments on, 389, 390.
-, recognises king's need to depend on France, 389; statements on affairs, 394–5.
-, desires to cultivate best understanding with England, 399; in favour at Court, 407.
-, complains of French bias of king and York, 405.
-, impatient for Ronquillo's arrival, 405, 407; returns to Flanders, 413.
Bergen, Jacques van, killed in Texel battle, 104n.
Berkeley, George, lord, governor of the Levant Co., 46.
-, Barclai, Barcley, John, baron, of Stratton:
appointed ambassador for congress, 377, 380.
gives banquet to Ruvigny and the French, 377; probable choice as ambassador to France, 441; chosen, 452.
taken ill, 459; fainting fit, 479; seriously ill, 482.
reported mission to van Beuningen, 459; departure delayed, 477; starts, 484, 492; arrives, 493.
representations in favour of peace, 484, 487; instructions to, 494–5.
king's complete confidence in, 494; pleads bad health, 497.
Berkshire, earl of. See Howard, Charles.
Bernardo, Francesco, senior councillor, welcomes Higgons in Collegio, 289; reply to Higgons, 298,
Bertie, Barty, Hon. Peregrine, M.P., 210n.
-, Robert, earl of Lindsey, lord great chamberlain, 401, 421.
introduces bill for certain oaths, 393; renews motion, 397.
Besançon [Doubs, France], taken by French, 259, 261.
Beuningen, Conrad van:
-, sent to urge Spain to make war on France, 29; discusses peace terms with Monterey, 76.
-, ambassador to England, 469.
-, arrival, sees king, 261; staying on when others leave, 305; recalled, 307; thwarts Arlington, 336.
-, revives jealousy of States about Orange, 336; supports Gelderland's offer to Orange, 350; comment on, 370.
-, constantly with Tromp, more friendly to England, 345.
-, urges need to check France, 347; refuses to complain of levy for France, 361.
-, asks king to propose place for congress, 352; urged to move emperor about Furstenberg, 374.
-, pupil and creature of de Witts, 370; pretends Orange's position secure, 380.
-, attends Court comedy, 371; dangerous because of malcontents, 376, 378.
-, anti-French attitude, 374; and recall of English from France, 398–9.
-, taking steps to influence parliament, 385; French fear of activities, 387.
-, comment on Ostend flag incident, 389; reply on Spanish policy with Denmark, 395.
-, encourages agitation against troops serving France, 410; urges Charles to press peace on Louis, 434, 454, 456.
-, Sarotti visits, 422, 425; makes much of Danish envoy, 435.
-, at Windsor, conferring with other foreign ministers, 440; at odds with Ronquillo, 463, 468.
-, does not oppose convoy of Swedish ships by English, 446; reported mission of Berkeley to, 459.
-, presses for advance of peace negotiations, 463; king asks for passport for Spaar, 469.
-, surprise at delay in appointing Venetian minister, 463; expresses satisfaction at Venetian mediation, 464; Sarotti to cultivate, 483.
-, satisfied about congress, 484.
Beverweert, Henry de, lord of Auverquerque, 310n.
-, -, Amelia, daughter of, married to Ossory, 310.
-, heer van. See Nassau, Louis of.
Bevilaqua, Monsignor A., appointed nuncio to the emperor, 465.
Bill, John, printer, 14.
Biscay, Bay of. Dutch attack English ship in, 12.
-, do not agree to exclusion of Catholics from indulgence, 19, 20.
-, proposal to consign eldest sons of Catholic peers to, 220.
-, feeling against exclusion bill, 221; opposed to understanding with non-conformists, 312, 318; poor opinion of, 316; one of the factions, 319, 358.
-, king convokes to advise about religion, 317; Cornbury concerned with, 318.
-, do not want to share preferment with Presbyterians, 317; more opposed than ever to non-conformists, 330, 337.
-, Lauderdale and Danby treating with, 330, 350; king will restrain zeal of, 331; king not relying entirely on, 348; king warned against union with Presbyterians, 358.
-, jealous of Shaftesbury becoming vicar general, 349; plan to divide and weaken, 354.
-, labour to postpone meeting of parliament, 350.
-, surprise at move against non-conformists, 357; lawyers attack proposals of, 362.
-, Danby and Lauderdale accused of misleading, 363; they offer to deceive, 366.
-, confer with confederates offer to Presbyterians, 363; proposed fusion with Presbyterians, 366; objection to, 376.
-, York's advice about, 367; Lauderdale and Danby called in, to mask designs, 390.
-, support motion for new oath, 397, 402; nonconformists suspicious of, 398.
-, king charmed by success against opponents of Lindsey, 401; resume discussion of oath, 403; worsted by intelligence of opponents, 406.
-, advocates of persecution, 413; alarm at situation and fear unpopularity, 416; some bear ill will to Catholics, 418.
-, not alarmed by promotion of Cardinal Howard, 429; Presbyterians would like to deprive of authority and revenues, 476.
Black rod, gentleman usher of the:
-, lords send to release arrested barristers, 415; Commons order arrest, 416.
Blackheath, co. Kent, troops encamped at, 78–9.
Blandford, Walter, bishop of Worcester, king's letter to, 317n.
Blanquefort, marquis de. See Durfort, Louis de.
boatmen. See watermen.
Bodegrave [Prov S. Holland. Netherlands], 5.
Boes, Captain de, killed in Texel battle, 104n.
Bologna [Prov. Bologna, Italy], 124, 130, 159n.
-, hempen rope of, 496.
Bonn [Rhenish Prussia, German Empire], Furstenberg taken to, 244n.
books, inquiry concerning scandalous, destruction ordered, 475.
Booth, George, baron Delamere, protests gainst new oath, 401.
Borbade. See Barbados.
Bordeaux [Charente Inf. France], merchantmen expected from, 49.
Borgomanero, marquis of. See Este, Carlo Emanuel of.
Bossu, count, accompanied Velasco, 365n.
Bourbon, Armand de, prince of Conti, 109.
-, Louis II de, prince of Condé, 276.
army of, 75.
fear of, in Holland, 80; suggestion that Monmouth should join, 127.
supporting Bellefont against Navagne, 261; allies march against, on defensive, 282.
allies bent on attacking, 283; success at Seneffe, 284; reported victory over allies, 295; raises siege of Oudenarde, 296.
confessor of found with Souches, 297.
Bourbon, French navy, driven ashore, but recovered, 127.
-, Germans marching through, 304.
-, councillors of, on Admiralty Court, 384.
Bracamonte, Gaspard de, count of Peñaranda, Pignoranda:
-, hands Godolphin's reply about mediation, 256; confirms statements given him, 388; letter to Godolphin upon, 430.
-, informs Zeno of acceptance of Venetian mediation, 435.
Bradly, Arthur, English consul at Tripoli, Narborough takes away, 480.
Bragadin, Marco, Savio alla Mercanzia, 496.
Brandenburg [German Empire]:
-, Dutch declare in favour of, 330; agreement of Denmark with, 460.
-, English help asked to rid of Swedish troops, 384; excesses of Swedes in, 438; successes of, in Pomerania, 477.
-, margrave of. See Frederick William.
-, prince of. See Charles Aemilius.
-, troops of, 373, 379.
Brandenburgers, reported success against Munster, 26n.
brandies, French, readmitted to Netherlands, 300.
Brazil wood, imported to Venice, 45; rate of consulage on, 226.
Breda [Prov. N. Brabant, Netherlands]:
-, pope could hardly send ministers to, 322; Louis ready to resume negotiations at, 323.
-, king's promise to nonconformists at, 358.
-, treaty of, 67, 210, 302, 324.
Breget, envoy of bishop of Strasburg to England, thanks king for offices for Furstenberg, 470; leaves for Paris, 484.
Bremen [German Empire], arrangement for defence, 379.
Brest [Finistêre, France], French squadron awaiting fair wind at, 47n.
Bretel, Jacques, chevalier de Gremonville, French ambassador at Vienna:
-, dismissal expected, 138; is dismissed, 144; opinion about mediation, 292.
Bridgeman, Sir Orlando, lord keeper of the great seal, would not sign declaration of indulgence, 183.
Brielle, Brille [Prov. S. Holland, Netherlands], 386.
Bristol, royal navy:
-, in Narborough's squadron, 300n; sent home with ransomed slaves, 360.
Bristol, co. Gloucester, disturbance at, 326.
Bristol sect, York obtains pardon for, 324, 326, 331.
Bristol, bishop of. See Carleton, Guy.
-, earl of. See Digby, George.
Broughton, George, English vice-consul at Alexandretta, 63.
Brunswick and Luneburg, duke of. See Ernest Augustus; George William.
Brussels, 8, 10n, 48, 246, 281, 304, 320, 407, 434.
-, news from, 124, 261, 276.
-, Assentar arrives at, 72n; Lisola at, 75, 88; Salinas sees Monterey at, 76; Salinas says peace may be made at, 80.
-, Dutch-Spanish treaty signed at, 127.
-, placarts issued at, against France, 154n; Monterey retires to, 288.
Buckingham, duke of. See Villiers, George, first and second duke.
Buckwith, John, deputy governor of the Levant Co., 46.
Buckworth, Bakworth, Peter, commissioner to treat with Dutch, 271.
Burgundians, report that will join English corps, 80.
-, restitution required, 434; to be left to France, 451; to be restored to Spain, 487.
Burnet, Gilbert, intermediary with Falcombridge and Carlisle, 349.
Burnett, Alexander, chaplain of Alberti:
-, arrested, 287; efforts on behalf of, 287–8, 291, 293–4, 303, 306–8, 327–9, 420.
-, instructions to Alberti about, 294; Alberti's action approved, 298, 306, 314.
-, slightest favour to would compromise king, 303; convicted, 325, 328; reprieved by king, 328; further appeal to king for, 359.
-, advice to have transported, 328; arrangements for, 333, 338; still in prison, 343.
-, release delayed by formalities, 351; Alberti presses for pardon, 354; deported, 372, 375.
Butler, James, duke of Ormonde, the lord Steward (Grand Master):
-, Anglesey out of favour because of, 40; Arlington calls, to share his pensions, 73; opposes Buckingham, 77.
-, says king should not purchase obedience of his subjects, 84; charged to prevent Catholics approaching the Court, 179.
-, Buckingham attacks, 201; suggestion to settle peace and prorogue parliament, 211; commissioner for the peace, 218.
-, Thomas, earl of Ossery, Ossory, 64.
made admiral of the fleet, 120; wanted to fight, will not put to sea, 121; given command of fleet and puts to sea, 124; returns to port, 127.
sent to meet Mary of Modena, 178.
mission to Hague, 310–1, 322, 360; returns to London, 339.
-, -, wife of. See Beverweert, Amelia daughter of Henry de.