Henry VIII
June 1524, 16-30

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Institute of Historical Research

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J. S. Brewer (editor)

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1875

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'Henry VIII: June 1524, 16-30', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4: 1524-1530 (1875), pp. 178-197. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91199 Date accessed: 28 November 2014.


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June 1524

16 June.
R. O.
418. FITZWILLIAM to WOLSEY.
Sent Calais to Pont de Remy, as he intended when he last wrote; but Mons. de Byes told him he was not at home; at which Calais expressed surprise, after what he had before told him; but De Byes said, on his faith, he thought he had been at home. Supposes one of two things, either that Pont de Remye knows the French king is determined to practise by other ways, or else what he said to Calais "was but for a fraske;" which is not likely, for France was never so poor as it is now. The viscount of Laphydane lately sent word on his honor that his horsemen taken by the English could not pay their ransoms, though the man-at-arms was set only at 40 cr. and the archers at 20 cr., and it was necessary to give them six weeks to pay it in. Will not send Calais again till he hears from Wolsey; but if Pont de Remye sends again, will answer him according to Wolsey's previous letters. When Calais was last at Boulogne, a gentleman came thither in poste, to whom divers made reverence. A trumpet of Boulogne said he was going to Calais for a safe-conduct for him; and that he was a Genoese, going to Ant. Bonevice. By Fitzwilliam's advice the Deputy sent him a safe-conduct, as Byes wrote that he had credence, and as the French, though they would gladly send to the King for peace, would report, it was for some other purpose. The French are assembling on the frontiers, and brag that they will come and look upon Fitzwilliam. They can do no harm unless they attack the park hedge, or throw down two steeples. His men drove some Frenchmen into a church in Boulonnais, and set fire to it. Eight men-at-arms leaped out of the windows, piteously burned, and the rest took the steeple, which could not be fired, and so escaped. A guide of Sir Robert Jernegan's has been taken, who advised them to make a "roode" into Boulonnais, and intended to tell De Byes. If it can be proved, he shall suffer death. De Byes sent a woman to practise in the same way with one of Fitzwilliam's guides; "howbeit, by chance I took her, and when she had confessed the same to me, I caused her to have a ghostly father, and to be put in a sack, and drink her belly full of water, to give others ensample." Guysnes, 16 June. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.: Calisia, Sir Wm. Fitzwillmus, reddit. 20 Junii.
16 June.
Ep. XII. App. Eras. Ep. (ed. 1642.)
419. JOHN LUD. VIVES to ERASMUS.
Left England in April to be married. Was commanded by the Cardinal and others to return at the end of September. Does not repent of his engagement. Claymond sends his compliments, and all the University. I was told that you had left for Burgundy in order to drink the wine of that country, and that you were going to visit England. Your presence there will be very acceptable to the King, the Cardinal and all the nobility; but you must prepare measures beforehand, or you will meet with frowns where you ought to have smiles; but no doubt More has written to you on this subject. Bruges, 16 June 1524.
Lat.
16 June.
Vit. B. VI. 77. B. M.
420. PACE to HENRY VIII. and WOLSEY.
Will pass over the great honor with which he was received at his arrival on the 13th by Bourbon, Lanoy and the other noblemen, and how acceptable the King's letters were to them, because arms and not ceremonies are the business here. As Wolsey advises him to beware of feigned matters and colored demonstrations, these letters shall contain nothing but what the King may build upon, and he has therefore superscribed them to the King as well as to Wolsey. Reports what he sees and knows, and what noble men tell him on their oaths; and if what they say does not follow, it must not be imputed to his light credence, but to their infidelity. Weighty things, which the King desires to know, are contained in the articles enclosed.
Bourbon puts all trust in Beauren, and has asked Pace to communicate with him, especially about his intelligence with France. Hears from him that one lord in France is ready to join Bourbon with 4,000 men as soon as he has passed the mountains, and that in Provence the best of all the land are ready to aid him. The Duke hears from France, that the King is greatly hated, and that his coming is desired by everyone. 25 men-at-arms have come to him from France in these six days.
Considering the great and valiant army they have, if Henry will not fetch the French crown, they will bring it him. One of the said men-at-arms was lately in the French king's chamber, and heard him say that Bourbon was coming, and he would meet him himself. Bourbon says he desires nothing better than to try his just quarrel with the King, man for man. He wishes the King to consider that if Francis sees that Bourbon is alone in France, he will doubtless turn all his power against him; and he hopes Henry will not allow him to be destroyed, especially when he sees that the Duke will spend his blood like a nobleman to recover the King's right, and will faithfully keep all that has been agreed between them. All the captains have firm hope that Henry will invade France immediately, either personally or by lieutenant; and Bourbon says he will never have such another chance of recovering his right. Beauren advises the King and Wolsey to hope in what may be done by Spain, now that this army is actually proceeding against the enemy. This morning asked Pescara, who is elected general captain of this army, when the army would pass the mountains. He answered, on the faith of a nobleman, that they should be all in Provence in eight days. Today the Spaniards and lanceknights are going towards the mountains to take the passage, to which they think there will be no resistance. If there is, they will undoubtedly fight, and they are men meet rather to win than lose. Advises the King to write to the Marquis, commending his noble acts in the late war; for in his experience, and the obedience of the soldiers to him, and their fervent love to Bourbon, "all our feats here doth consist." Beauren tells him that since the expulsion of the French, the French king has sent a secret person to treat with Bourbon, offering to restore him his duchy, to allow him to be confederate with the Swiss, if he will not return to France, and to pay the utmost value of his lands at certain days, whenever be chooses, if he will only bind himself to be a friend to the King. To this Bourbon answered, as Beauren reports on his honor, that he was some time subject to the French king, but had forsaken him for manifest injuries, and made a treaty with the king of England and the Emperor, which he will not break. Beauren says also that certain of the Swiss captains have made similar overtures to the Duke, and had like answer. Monte Calere in Piemonte, 16 June.
Hol., pp. 9. Add.: To the Kyng's grace and my lord Legate. Endd.
Vit. B. VI. 82.
B. M.
421. [PACE'S INSTRUCTIONS.]
"Here ensuyth the articles comp[rised] in myne instructions, whereunto [the] Kynge's grace and my lorde Le[ga]te do desyre to have a substanciall answere, all faynynge and colorate demonstration set aparte."
1. With what power Bourbon will enter France?—There are ready 6,500 Spaniards, as valiant and expert as have been seen, and 5,400 lanceknights, 3,000 Italians and 5,000 lanceknights are coming;—total 20,000 foot (sic)-800 men-at-arms of the Emperor's, to be paid by the Viceroy till the end of the war; 300 men-at-arms provided by Bourbon;—total 1,100 men-at-arms.
1,800 light horse; 16 pieces of artillery with gunstones and powder; 1,000 pioneers.
The navy:—18 galleys, 1 carrack, 4 ships, 4 galleons with 4,000 men, under Hugo de Moncada.
2. What intelligence Bourbon has of friends in France?—Bourbon says he has intelligence with noblemen and commonalties, but is bound by an oath to discover none of them, and he doubts not to have aid at his invasion.
3. Under what title Bourbon intends to enter France?—He says, to recover what rightfully belongs to the King, the Emperor and himself. The Viceroy said, to crown the King's grace there.
4. What money Bourbon has?—He says the Emperor has sent him 200,000 ducats, of which he has received the letters of exchange. Of his own he will not speak, but his most trusty secretary says he can make 50,000 cr. in jewels and such things.
5. How Italy shall be defended in his absence, if it is invaded by the Swiss or Grisons?—It shall be defended by the Pope, the Venetians, the duke of Milan, and others of the Holy League, and the Duke will not be compelled to return for that cause.
6. What power the French king has, and what the Swiss intend to do?—Bourbon says he has but a small power, but that he is trying to obtain 6,000 Swiss, with what success is not known. He thinks also he will try to get some lanceknights.
7. When Bourbon will enter France, and whether he will go towards Lyons, and how that city is fortified?—He leaves today for the mountains, which his army can pass in five or six days. They will go by Provence, which abounds in victuals, near the sea coast, that the navy and the Spaniards may assist them if necessary. There are but two strongholds that way, Castel Moneke (in Latin Arx Monoca) and the city of Marsilia. The lord of the castle has offered it to Bourbon, on condition that no Spaniards enter, which has been granted. It is impregnable, and would have been a great impediment. This route is as near to Lyons as the other by Dolphany. Lyons is fortified in one place, but cannot be fortified on the other sides, and Bourbon concludes it can be taken. He intends to attack it or Marsilia, as he shall see occasion, unless his enemies offer battle, which he will not refuse.
8. Of what mind the duke of Savoy is?—He will give Bourbon all manner of victuals in his country, and a free passage to all his messengers. Supposes Bourbon is well agreed with the Duchess also, for she came lately to Thuryne to visit him, and they danced and made high cheer together for three days.
9. How letters may be conveyed between the King and the army?—Has arranged with the duke of Milan that he shall lay posts through Savoy and Italy to Trent at his own cost, and the King must lay posts from England to Trent, if he wishes to be well served. Has arranged with the duke of Genoa, to advertise the King by sea, when the army shall have passed the mountains, of all the news he hears. Further provision cannot be made.
10. That Bourbon and the others should above all things regard the season of the year.
They have pondered this article, and say they have four months to make war, July to October, which is quite enough to do great acts, both in Provence and Picardy. Bourbon said that if the King would without delay enter France in person, he would give him leave to pluck out his eyes if he were not lord of Paris by Allhallowday, and then all the realm would be his, and at the taking thereof the King would get 200,000 or 300,000 cr.
This was spoken by the Duke in open audience.
11. Whether Bourbon's army will join the King's, if he enters France?—This must be determined as affairs succeed.
12. What will be the best route for the King in France?—Bourbon advises him to take the same route that Suffolk took when he was last in France, unless he hears that the French king has more than 800 men-at-arms in those parts. He need not fear that number; but if there are many more, he had better go by Normandy straight to Paris, which is feeble, and easily taken; and, like Milan in Lombardy, when it is taken, all the realm is lost.
13. What number of horse and foot the King should take with him. The King may moderate his power, considering the great force here.
Pp. 14, in Pace's hand; slightly mutilated.
16 June.
Vit. B. VI. 91. B. M.
422. PACE to [WOLSEY].
"Notate hæc mysteria."
When he asked Bourbon to give his oath and homage to the King, found him somewhat perplexed. He answered that he was content to swear the King king of France, according to his treaty with Russell. Pace said he had made no mention of such a treaty when Pace was lately with him in the field, and that Pace could not conclude upon a treaty he did not know of. Bourbon then told him to speak to Beauren about it secretly, which he did immediately. He said that Bourbon was lately in great perplexity, for two causes: first, that he had heard a friar had been sent into England by the French's king's mother, and had had secret communication with Wolsey; and, secondly, he heard that the Pope will turn all his power against the King and Emperor, if he makes any such oath. Told him he should not give credence to friars or fools in the King's matters, but to orators; that he was privy to all the treaties passed in England with the Pope and others, and that like mention was made of Bourbon for his surety, as of the King and Emperor. To this, Beauren said that he did believe Pace, and that Bourbon would undoubtedly keep his promise, reserving the liberty of his Duchy and Provence; but he asked the King to allow the matter to be kept very secret and delayed for a due time, because, if the said oath and homage came to be known by his friends in France, it would interrupt many of his practices, especially among those who wish him to take the crown himself. Could not bring the matter further at this time. Three days before Pace came, the archbishop of Capua passed this way, and spoke with Bourbon and the Viceroy, and half put them in despair of any aid from England. Told them the King had sent him, not the Archbishop, to give an account of his intentions, and that he had sufficient authority to treat, if he saw any good order taken for invading France. Next day arrived Wolsey's letters dated 18 May, with tidings of the despatch of Sir J. Russell with 20,000l. Is surprised that he cannot hear where Russell is. Asks Wolsey to take care that any money sent comes in time, as the lack of it makes the soldiers murmur, and hinders enterprise. There is no lack now, as the Emperor's money is here, but he must know where the other money is before they cross the mountains, for no conveyance is so sure as having it with them. If it does not come before they cross, has arranged with the duke of Milan to send it on to the field.
The viceroy of Naples has sent to the Emperor to provide more money if the war continues longer than is supposed; and Bourbon and all the captains have asked him to make the same request to the King,—although they hope to make an end with what they have. It were a pity they should lack in time of need, for there never was seen a more valiant or better disposed army. They have victual enough for six weeks, even though they found none by the way. Has written to certain bankers for a loan to be repaid when the King's money comes, but it is hard to get money now, because Milan and Genoa are infected with the pestilence. Supposes that when Wolsey instructed him to reside with Bourbon, he did not intend him to pass into France; but as the army is so near marching, the King cannot be informed of what happens, unless he accompany them, and thus he shall by chance become a soldier. Will go without fear, for the army is able to fight all the power of France, and determined to do so. It is now high time to look to the recovery of the King's right; for if this army, for lack of support, is obliged to retreat, such another will never be got together again. Sends this courier in all haste, and wants him sent back with comfortable tidings. Recommends Antoni Vivalde, who has been his faithful friend. Montecalere in Piemont, 16 June.
Will send the news to Clerk, as Wolsey wished. The Viceroy and he have determined to write to the Pope and other Italian powers for money, but there is not much hope of it.
Hol., pp. 9.
16 June
Vit.B. VI. 74.* B. M.
423. BOURBON, LANOY, and ADRIEN DE CROY (BEAURAIN) to WOLSEY.
Ask the King to send them the other 10,000 cr. as soon as possible. Write more fully to De Praet. Ask Wolsey to use his influence, as he can do everything in the matter, and the common enemy must be brought to reason now or never. Will employ themselves during their lives for the honor and profit of the Emperor and King. Montcallier, 16 June.
Maistre Richart (Pace), the English ambassador, had just arrived, and writes also. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A, &c., le Card. legat d'Angleterre.
16 June.
Vit. B. VI. 89. B. M.
424. BOURBON, LANOY, and [BEAURAIN] to [HENRY VIII.]
* * * secrete chasteau apres avoir chasse les communs enne[myes hors] de toute l'Itallye," are determined to pursue them into France, for which the Emperor has sent them 200,000 ducats. Hears that Henry has arranged for the payment of 100,000 ducats. Have therefore determined to procure 19,000 foot, 1,100 lances, 1,500 light horse and artillery, without counting the army at sea. Hope to achieve something to the honor of the King and the Emperor, and will spend their goods and lives in the cause.
He will hear more from De Praet. Asks him to provide the money as soon as possible. Montcallier, 16 June.
Pace has just arrived, and told them Henry's good will, for which they thank him. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
16 June.
Vit. B. VI. 81.* B. M.
425. ADRIEN DE CROY (BEAURAIN) to HENRY VIII.
Pace has arrived here. Bourbon is ready to enter France, as Pace has written, and his Majesty may be sure that he will keep all his promises. Begs him not to let slip such an occasion of recovering his rights, and bringing the common enemy to reason. Montcalier, 16 June.
Fr., p. 1. Hol. Add.: Au Roy. Endd. Reddit' 28 Junii.
June.
R. O.
426. The MARQUIS OF PESCARA to HENRY VIII.
Bourbon's letters, and those of his ambassadors, will tell him that the army has commenced to march against the enemy. It is most necessary for the carrying out of the King's project, that he should invade France with a large army. Does not see how the affair will prosper otherwise.
Bourbon and he, however, are doing all their duty, and do not spare their property. Savillian, _ June. Signed and sealed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Au Roy, vostre sire.
16 June.
Add. MS. 24,965, f.255b. B. M.
427. DACRE to SIR RAUFF FENWICK.
Received letters by post yesterday to his comfort, as Fenwick shall know. Encloses a proclamation, which he must proclaim in person at Bellingham Kirk, next Sunday at mass time. He must meet Dacre at Hexham on Thursday evening, to accompany him to Wark in the morning. Nawarde, 16 June 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
Ibid.ii. Proclamation by lord Dacre for all the inhabitants of Tindale between the ages of 16 and 60 to appear before him at the court of Wark, in Tindale, on Friday, the feast of the Nativity of St. John, 24 June, and that those who have found no sureties as yet find sureties by pledges to keep good order. If they cannot agree with Dacre, and will not or cannot find sureties, they shall be allowed to depart freely. If any persons for whom pledges are laid fear to come in, will grant them an assurance, when they come near the town, if they will send for it. None must be absent at their peril. Nawarde, 16 June 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of a proclamacion.
17 June.
R. O.
428. JOHN LORD BERNERS to WOLSEY.
On Wednesday the 15th received a letter from the captain of Boulogne, asking for a safe-conduct for a merchant who has letters from Antony Bonvyse in London, and various matters to declare to him by mouth. Answered that he would send any letters, but refused to let him pass to England without knowing the King's pleasure. The next day the captain sent his trumpet with another letter containing the like request, which he encloses. Wondered why he should be so desirous to come, and, thinking it would do no hurt, sent him a safe-conduct. The same day received a letter from Wolsey enclosing a safe-conduct. Thinks the man Wolsey mentions is the same person. Has sent for him to come here, when he will see if he be the same or no. If not, will wait till he has further knowledge. If he is, will send him over with an officer of arms. Calais, Friday morning, 17 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal. Endd.: Calisia. From Maister Wingfeilde, reddit. xix. Junii.
17 June.
Vit. B. VI. 90. B. M.
429. M. CARD. MARCUS CORNELIUS (fn. 1) to WOLSEY.
The affection and respect he has always entertained towards Wolsey has been increased by the prothonotary Casale's account of his liberality and wisdom in the affairs both of England and the Church, and especially by what he reports of Wolsey's kindness to himself. Expresses his readiness to serve him. Rome, 17 June 1524. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 96 b.
18 June.
R. O.
430. DUKE OF MILAN to HENRY VIII.
Has always considered that he owes his restoration and preservation more to Henry than to any other Christian prince, but his last letters of the 26th May have so increased the debt that he will be unable ever to pay the least part of it. Will do all he can to assist Bourbon in his preparations, as the King, he hopes, will hear from Pace and from Scarpinelli. "Ex arce nostra Tritii," 18 June 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
18 June.
R. O.
431. THE SAME to WOLSEY.
Knows that the King's kindness to him is owing to Wolsey's influence, as appears by his letters of the 3rd inst., which promise aid against the common enemy, and exhort him to follow them up, which he will never fail to do. Begs him to urge the King to avail himself of this opportunity. "Ex arce nostra Tritii," 18 June 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
19 June.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 256. B. M.
432. ROBT. LORD MAXWELL to DACRE.
Wrote to lord Graistok to "borrow" John Steyll-the-Kempe, a Scot, who was taken prisoner since Dacre left the West Borders, but he put it off till he heard from Dacre. Now Dacre is present, asks that he may have him, to enter him again at Carlisle on six days' warning. Lochmabane, 19 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
19 June.
R. O.
433. KNIGHTE to WOLSEY.
The lady Margaret, after hearing the charge of Mons. de Godonnyeris, Bourbon's servant, sent for Russel and Knight, and made him repeat it to them. It consisted of a request for the speedy despatch of money by the King, and for an invasion of France by the King's army, to prevent the whole power of France being turned against Bourbon, who could not resist such a force. She desires Wolsey to give him brief despatch. Hears from Mons. de Pountyvre that he is in great trust with Bourbon, and that he may be of great assistance in conveying the King's money from Geneva, if Wolsey wish it to be sent that way. Antwerp, 19 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
20 June.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 257. B. M.
434. DACRE to LORD MAXWELL.
Received his letter, dated Loughmabane, 19th inst. Marvels that he will make such a request for a man of such evil demeanor. It would not become Dacre to make any such request for a common robber, but only for those who are taken by chance of war. As Dacre and Maxwell are kinsmen, it is not well for either of them to give comfort to those "that doth suche hennyows stouthes and displeasures till us as brennyng of waisthouses, and taking our goods by nightertale," without any acts of war or deeds of manhood, unless it had been done in Maxwell's presence, or by his orders. However, as it is well known that Maxwell has asked for Steill, and as he was taken prisoner by another man's tenant, has delivered him to his taker. Would have been loath to do it, except for Maxwell's pleasure, as long as war continues. Asks him not to make such requests in future for common malefactors. Carlisle, 20 June 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
20 June.
R. O. St. P. VI. 311.
435. CLEMENT VII. to WOLSEY.
Has determined to call together a number of prelates to consult for the removing of abuses in the Church. Asks him to send two or three bishops or abbots to assist. Thinks the bishops of London and Rochester would be suitable, but leaves it to him to choose those who would best represent his opinion. Rome, 20 June 1524, pont. 1.
Lat., vellum. Add. Endd.
20 June.436. For the MONASTERY OF CERNE, Salisb. dioc.
Assent to the election of Thomas Cortun as abbot. Westm., 20 June. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5.
21 June.
R. O.
437. THOS. PERPOYNT.
Receipt by Thos. Perpoynt, draper of London, of 516l. from John Ardern, of Kellynthorp, Yorks., 21 June 16 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. The body of the document is in Cromwell's hand.
24 June.
Vit. B. VI. 97. B. M.
438. CH. DE LANOY to [HENRY VIII.]
The King will know by his former letters what has been done since the expulsion of the French from Italy. Bourbon has today started with the vanguard to cross the Alps, and the rest will follow. Doubts not their success if the King favors them. There never was a better opportunity. Hitherto the war has been for the Emperor's, now it is for Henry's interests. The time will come when he will assume the crown, which is his right. Is very anxious to serve his Majesty. Saviniani, 24 June 1524. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
24 June.
Vit. B. VI.99.* B. M.
439. THE SAME to [WOLSEY].
To the same effect. Saviniani, 24 June 1524. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
25 June.
Vit. B. VI. 107. B. M.
440. PACE to HENRY VIII. AND WOLSEY.
Is sorry he has not great substance of goods to lend or give, for everything now is so well ordered by Bourbon that it is the time to spend, and the money will not be wasted. Having no goods to give, will spend his life in the King's service following the army. As it may happen that he will never see the King again, will declare to him some things of great importance. The Pope's practices for truce or peace are full of craft and subtilty, and nothing to the King's purpose. Certain powers of Italy, who do not wish the Emperor to be stronger, are much alarmed at the amity between him and the King, and would gladly dissolve it; for which purpose they seek peace or truce, intending meanwhile to do all they can to keep the French king in his realm, for they fear lest all Christendom should come under the King's power. Knows this to be true. Does not think Henry can end these matters honorably, except in two ways: either by a notable exploit of war, or by such a peace that it shall be clear that Henry has gained something by the war, and not spent so much to no profit. The chief procurers of this peace think he should be contented with such conditions as were concluded by him and Francis at Guisnes; and this the Pope himself said to Pace at Rome, when he first began to talk about peace. Bourbon has promised to give Henry faithful service toward the recovery of his crown, and not to swerve therefrom for any practices, if only he is reasonably entertained by them. Writes to Wolsey about his recognition of the King as king of France. Advises Henry to bind him firmly to himself, for by his means Henry will win and keep France, and Francis is trying to reconcile him. The Pope, the Swiss, and certain French lords wish the same, but he is determined to keep his treaty with the Emperor and Henry, and promises that nothing shall make him decline unless he sees himself cast away.
Wolsey has written to bid him tell everything truly and circumspectly, setting aside all affection. Has no affection but to see Henry recover his right in France. Supposes some one has informed them that he has some affection for Italian affairs, which he does not deny; but he denies that he ever had any affection for the interest of any prince but Henry. When he was informed by Prosper Colonna, the Emperor's letters, and Bourbon, that the Emperor's army would pass into Provence, he tried to set forward Italian affairs to hasten that expedition. Has never spoken or written for lucre or promotion; and if he were to die, would be contented, thinking that no subject ever served his prince more faithfully than he has done. Savilian in Piemonte, 25 June 1524.
Hol., pp. 9. Add. Endd.: Reddit. 7 Julii.
25 June.
Vit. B. VI. 100. B. M.
441. PACE to WOLSEY.
Sent a special courier on June 16th with an account of the number of the army, 20,000 foot, 1,100 men-at-arms, 1,800 light horse, besides the 4,000 men at sea under Hugo de Moncada. In three days the army will be at Nice. which is offered to Bourbon by the duke of Savoy, the lord there. As soon as they were informed by the Emperor's ambassadors that it was agreed that Bourbon should swear the King's grace king of France, the Duke came to Pace with a loving countenance, said he was no longer lord of his own person, but was bound to obey the King and Emperor in everything; and asked that the secret matter between him and Pace might be concluded without delay by them, the Viceroy and Beauren. He, however, refused to do homage as Pace asked, saying that the King had granted him his duchy free; and in such case he could not ask for homage. Had a long discussion, but he would only consent to the oath, alleging the treaty. Considering that the King is bound by this treaty, that longer discussion would only hinder their enterprise, that the Duke is thoroughly determined to serve the King, and that his word is as good as an oath, thought it better to take this oath at once before the Viceroy and Beauren's secretary, as Beauren had gone on with the light horse. Encloses the form of the oath. It shall be drawn up in authentic form as soon as possible. Encloses also a declaration from him as to what is needed for the army here, in case the King does not personally invade France; and he wishes the King and Wolsey to consider it, for he has no doubt that he will be able to expel the French king, if they will only put their hands to it. He makes sure of the King's gaining the whole of France, by reason of his intelligence there. Does not know whether he says this merely to induce the King to invade France personally, but he speaks upon his faith. The King's personal invasion is a matter of high importance; and Pace is troubled to find that they leave everything to his advice, as he is here alone, and such a matter requires many councillors. Writes nothing on light evidence or for private affection. Finds Bourbon a very substantial, wise and virtuous prince. If he is deceived by the Duke, every one else is. He is determined to serve the King faithfully, and neither to be made King himself, nor to allow any other. Sees that the army is strong and valiant, the captains wise, and every one determined to serve the King. The French power is very feeble, for the Duke hears by his spies that there are not in Provence more than 3,000 Gascons, and that the French king does not believe Bourbon will or can enter. When the King considers this with his Council, doubts not he will see what may be done in three or four months.
If nothing is done on the side of England to separate the French army, fears that this army, after recovering the duchy of Bourbon and winning Provence, will make no further progress; whereas Bourbon has promised that if the King passes the sea, he will join him. If Henry does nothing he will lose much reputation here; for he is now thought more able to do great acts than any other prince, and is expected to do something at once. it must also be considered how the army is to be entertained in France, if the King sits still this summer; for the King's money now coming, and the Emperor's, will not last more than two months, as the Duke and all the captains tell him. There is little or no hope of contributions from Italy, except from the dukes of Milan and Genoa; and the former cannot do much, as the duchy is exhausted. The Duke and city of Genoa give great help, and keep the fleet entirely. Bourbon hopes to get money in France; for if the army is compelled to retire, it would be great dishonor to the King and the Emperor; and if it were dissolved, does not know where such another could be found. Says this that it may be provided against in time. Doubts not they will do some great thing; for, once past the mountains, they must be valiant, as there is no hope of fleeing, and he needs not declare what mercy Bourbon and the Spaniards expect from the French. They desire nothing more than to meet their enemies; and whatever chances, even if they weep, the enemy will not laugh, God being indifferent. If they are overcome, the King will have a victory on the other side; and if they are victorious, all France is beaten. Advises Henry immediately to go to Calais and lie there, to frighten the enemy and encourage Bourbon; and besides, he will be nearer to hear from Pace, and to do what is necessary. Savilian, Piedmont, 25 June.
Hol., pp. 11. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: A d'no Paceo, reddit. 7 Julii.
[25 June.]
Vit. B. VI. 126. B. M. St. P. VI. 313.
442. PACE to WOLSEY.
Sees in Bourbon such a faithful and steadfast mind to help the King to his crown of France, that if he be assuredly entertained the King shall as assuredly obtain it. He is as popular as the French king is hated. A letter from the King will greatly confirm him, as he is told that the King will make peace without him. This day, "after he was confessed and communi- cate very religiously, because of his departure against his enemies," he called Pace in the presence of Pont[r]emis and three others, and said, "I promise unto you, upon my faith, that I will, by the help of my friends, put the crown of France upon the King our common master's head." He further added that his attachment to the King arose, not so much from his own interests, as for the virtues "which I did diligently mark at my being with him at Guisnes and Arde." Eadem die.
Hol. Add.
25 June.
R. O.
443. REGNÉ DE BRETAYGNE (?) to WOLSEY.
Would give him an account of the departure of Bourbon and his good will to the King, but knows he will hear from the English ambassador. Wolsey will find that Bourbon's disposition toward the King is what the writer has stated, and that he will do his duty, but the King must not lose the good opportunity he now has. His desire to serve the King makes him write so often. Asks him to remember his rights, which he spoke to Wolsey about heretofore. Savillan, 25 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. Mons. le Legate.
25 June.
R. O.
444. BOURBON to HENRY VIII.
Is sure that he has heard from his chief Secretary here the order of the army, which is marching against the common enemy, and his determination to do all in his power to recover Henry's rights to the French crown. Begs him to hasten the expedition on his side, as it is a good opportunity for gaining everything from his enemies, considering the good army Bourbon has here, and the friends he has in France and elsewhere. Told his ambassador (Pace), in presence of the viceroy of Naples, the marquis of Pescara and other persons, that it is very necessary that Henry should invade France with a large army, for it is not easy to conquer the kingdom without being attacked in several places. Tells him this, that he may not be blamed if matters do not turn out as he and the emperor wish. Will do all he can for his own part. Savillan, 25 June. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
25 June.
R. O.
445. BOURBON to WOLSEY.
Has written to the King. Begs him to hasten the King's descent into France, which is more than necessary, as he knows Wolsey has the power to do so. Savillian, 25 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons., &c. le Card. legat d'Angleterre. Endd.
25 June.
Vit. B. VI. 98. B. M.
446. CLERK to WOLSEY.
[Wrote last] on the 11th. Neither peace nor war is in better train yet with the Pope than then. Though Wolsey was half minded to hurry him thither by the posts, if he had come in a four-wheeled waggon, it would have been in time, for there is no mention of peace or truce; and as to war, the Pope is determined to hear what resolution shall be taken between the Emperor and Venetians before he makes any declaration against France, and then men think he will be brought into a defensive league. But it is hard to tell what he will do. He says, "Hactenus distulimus sperantes pacem et expect[antes] resolutionem Venetorum," and no man can get more out of him but by conjecture; and this is sure, money he will spend [none]. At his third audience, thanked the Pope for consulting the King as to whether he should send another legate to England about Turkish affairs; said that Wolsey had so much authority, and such good qualities, that the King was content with him, and thought there was no man more fit than he. The Pope turned, smiling, to Campeg gio, and said, "Nonne hæc prædiximus?" Immediately added that if any one was sent, no one could be more acceptable than Campeggio; who thanked the King and Wolsey for their good mind, and said that if they had wished for any other legate it would have given him pleasure to have gone. His Holiness said that his wishes were the same as those of the King and Wolsey, in whom his whole hope was placed. Told him of Wolsey's desire to do him service, and the labors he had sustained on the receipt of his briefs to persuade the King and Council to peace, and what difficulty he had had, as they were all determined upon war. Told him how ready Wolsey was to serve him in everything, and thanked him for the confirmation of the legation. Asked him to consider Wolsey's honor; for which, and not profit, Wolsey wished it to be prorogued for life, and some faculties enlarged. Campeggio assisted him, saying how well Wolsey had deserved of the Holy See. The Pope thanked Wolsey for his good mind; said he was worthy of the honor, and that he would do what was asked, commending Hannibal's diligence in the matter. He then spoke about the Venetians, saying he had heard nothing about their resolution. Went thence to the auditor of the Chamber with the minute of Woley's bull. He has promised to do the best he can. The Spanish foot in the duchy of Milan have plundered Ast, because their wages are three or four months in arrear, and threaten they will plunder other towns if they do not have it soon. Sends copies of letters with news from Hungary. Rome, 25 June. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
25 June.
R. O. St. P. IV. 78.
447. SIR W. BULMER to WOLSEY.
Received, 17 June, letters from the King and Wolsey, with others from Henry to the King of Scots, and from Wolsey to the Observant Friar, and one from Wolsey to himself, dated 11 June, much to his comfort. Has given thanks, as directed, to the garrison of Norham. Informed him already of David Hume's death. Delivered the letters to the Observant on the 23rd. He promises to answer with diligence, but it will be eight or ten days before he can make deliverance. Norham, 25 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
25 June.
R. O.
448. BISHOP OF CARLISLE to WOLSEY.
According to Wolsey's late letters, has given to Dacre all the King's money remaining in his hands. Had received 4,000l. of Mr. Myklough, 200l. of the abbot of St. Mary's, and 5l. 8s. 8d. of Sir Wm. Paston, of which he has delivered 3,200l. to the constables, Sir Wm. Bulmer and lord Dacre, and has spent 37s. 8d. in the carriage of it from London to Carlisle, and thence to Newcastle. The remainder, 1,003l. 2s. 4d., he has delivered to John Brandlyn, merchant of Newcastle, from whom Dacre can have it by bill. Is going home to his cure, and will be forced to ride 60 miles out of his way, on account of the English thieves. Advises Wolsey to write to the wardens to take some direction herein, or else too much land is like to be wasted. Albany is at Dunbar, where he has three parts of the sea at his pleasure. Does not know whether he is looking for ships to come, or ships to go, but thinks the latter. "All is here now outward fro Scotland, no stirring nother fro these borders, nor fro the West Borders." Has been asked to arbitrate between the burgesses of Newcastle and the prior of Tynmouth; but has refused till he know Wolsey's pleasure, as the cause is in Chancery. Newcastle, 25 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
25 June.
R. O.
449. REGNÈ DE BRETAYGNE(?) to HENRY VIII.
He has doubtless heard from his ambassador (Pace) Bourbon's good feeling towards him, his setting forth, and other news, and will therefore not write a long letter. Begs the King to consider him as one of his servants, &c. Savillan, 25 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
25 June.
Papiers d'Etat, Granvelle, I. 257.
450. MARGARET OF AUSTRIA to COUNT D'EGMONT.
Has received letters from Bourbon of the 16th, respecting the powerful army which he is equipping to expel our enemies from Italy. They would be the sooner brought to reason if the king of England were to do the like on his side. Will not fail to send advertisements and remonstrances to England, but fears they will bear little fruit. Mechlin, 25 June 1524.
French.
25 June.
R. O.
451. JOHN ARDERN.
Release by John Ardren, of Kellyngthorp, York, to Thos. Peipoynt; citizen and draper, London, of all claims which he has against him, 25 June 1524, 15 Hen. VIII.
ii. Release granted to Ardern, by Thos. Hennage, of the Cardinal's household, of all claims he ever had or shall have against him.
Drafts, p. 1.
26 June.
R. O. St. P. IV. 78.
452. BULMER to WOLSEY.
Sends a letter and articles from the queen of Scots, directed to the King, which she wishes conveyed in all haste. She desires to be excused for not writing to Wolsey for want of leisure. One thing which prevented her was that she has to meet secretly in Galloway, by way of pilgrimage, certain lords who she hopes will take her son's part. Norham, 26 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd: A Willielmo Bulmer milite. Reddit. ultimo Junii.
27 June.
Calig. D. XI. B. M.
453. ALBANY to _
... towards the king of Scots ... Desires to do his correspondent service. Hopes he will use his efforts to mediate between the kings of England and Scotland. Noyon, 27 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated.
27 June.
vit. B. VI. 117. B. M.
454. PACE to WOLSEY.
Since arriving at Milan, has sent three special couriers to Wolsey. Matters are going on prosperously. Bourbon heard yesterday from Provence that a French captain, named Lorgis, is coming towards Nice with 1,500 foot, to take the city before they arrive; and if he cannot keep it, he has orders to burn the victuals and run away. Bourbon and Pescara intend to be there before him, to keep sure the castle, when the Duke has intelligence, and to order the captain of the fleet to repair thither with all haste, and leave enough men there to defend it. Hope not only to keep the city, but to defeat Lorgis and the Spaniards. Light horse are sent on for that purpose, but it is not likely that he will tarry. The Duke hears also that there are neither Swiss nor lanceknights in Provence, and only 8,000 of the country, 50,000 of whom our men would not refuse to meet, as they are fitter to flee than fight. "Burgo, in radice maximi Montis Tendis," 27 June.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd. twice.
28 June.
R. O.
455. [PACE to WOLSEY.]
Postscript.—These last two days Bourbon has gone with 1,000 light horse and 8,000 Spaniards and lanceknights to intercept two French captains who are coming towards Nice. They sent on 800 Gascons to take the passage of the mountains, which was won today by 200 lanceknights and gunners. The marquis of Pescara and Pace have passed the great mountain of Tende, and will be tomorrow in the county of Nice, in Provence; "and thus every thing, thanked be God, succeedeth prosperously, and is like so to continue." Tende, 28 June.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
28 June.
Harl. 283, f. 30. B. M. St. P. VI. 314.
456. WOLSEY to PACE.
Has received his letters from Trent on his way to Milan; also his letters from Milan, sent by a special courier on the 11th, with news of Bourbon's army, his intention to pass into France, the order for the defence of Italy, the good mind of Pescara, and his own doubts how he should treat with the Duke touching his pay. Since then the Duke has sent a gentleman with letters to the King and Wolsey, advertising them of the state of his army, desiring the King to accelerate his troops, and aid him with some convenient contribution. Trusts he has already received the letters touching the money sent by Sir John Russell, which will be a sufficient answer to his doubts.
He is to explain to the Duke the cause of the retardment of Russell at Antwerp with 20,000l., the desire of the King to help him to the uttermost, who at the end of this month will transport troops to Calais to join the Burgundians against the French. The Duke will consequently find much less resistance, and must be encouraged to set forth.
The King sends Sir Gregory de Cassales, who, "during the time of his abode here, hath done unto the King's Grace right acceptable and thankful service." The King wishes him to be retained in the army now to be sent into France. Pace is to urge the Duke to entertain him, and to countenance him in all ways.
Thus far; received his letters dated Mountaclier, the 16th, with others from Bourbon, the viceroy of Naples, and Beaurain, and the book of articles, all of which Wolsey read to the King, telling him the great pains Pace had taken in his affairs. Praises him highly for his conduct. Removes a doubt in one of Pace's despatches, touching the coming of Sir John Russell. Sends the duplicate of letters formerly despatched. May assure the Duke that the King will not fail him if he proceeds in his enterprises as he has begun. He is not to believe any reports of friars or others being sent to England, "to practise matters;" for the King's only purpose is to annoy his enemy to the uttermost.
Desires Pace to continue with the Duke's army in its passage into France. His presence will add no little authority thereto, and he will be able to send them the most accurate information. Westminster, 28 June 1524.
An early copy. Begins: Mr. Secretary.
Vit. B. VI. 112.
B. M.
2. Modern copy.
R. O.3. Another modern copy.
29 June.
R. O.
457. JOHN LORD BERNERS to WOLSEY.
On this Wednesday, the 29th, there came to Calais Mons. de Halwyn, from the archduke of Ostrych, with 20 horse. He asked Berners to tell Wolsey of his arrival, and that he would cross as soon as he could have conduct. Has written to the captains of the King's ships at Dover for some one to come for him. He shall cross as soon as they come. Calais, 29 June. Will send York herald with him.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal.
30 June.
Vesp. C. II. 346. B. M.
458. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].
On the 17th received by the Emperor's courier Wolsey's letters on the King's affairs; divers letters from Henry to the Emperor; two letters from Wolsey to the same; copies of articles concerning the truce; of Wolsey's letters to my lord of Bath; and the treaty for this year concluded "there" [? at Rome], and a private letter from Wolsey to himself. Was with the Emperor next day, and thanked him for his constancy to England, shown by the archbishop of Capua's mission. On conveying Wolsey's message touching the monk sent to him by the regent of France, the Emperor expressed himself satisfied with the reply. The thing, however, has been in everybody's mouth for some time. Spoke next of the Archbishop's negociations in England, and the opinion come to that the Emperor should not accept a truce if peace could be obtained, and that personages should be sent from the Pope to both Princes to obtain it. This proposition he liked well; but on speaking of the great expedition next year in case the truce should fall through, he avoided the subject, promising to refer it to his Council; entered on a long discussion about Bourbon, and Sir John Russell being sent to him with 100,000 crowns for the French invasion; and complained of one article as very hard, viz., that Bourbon would be compelled to give homage to the French king. Sampson explained that there were certain qualifications to this, which partly satisfied him, and told him that Henry was not impatient for indemnity.
On the 19th, by the Emperor's desire, recapitulated his charge to the Chancellor, who told him that he had caused the article of Bourbon's homage to be translated into Italian. He complained that the Emperor's ambassador had not bound England specifically to one of the three points, and stated that a commission had been sent to arrange about the great expedition. In reply to further complaints, Sampson said that the King would have assisted Bourbon earlier if he had kept his appointment; that he was occupied with his war against Scotland; that his armies were sent over the sea only in the Emperor's behalf; that he had given up for his sake a project of besieging Boulogne, and sustained great expenses in passing further into the bowels of France; and that, two years having been already lost, England would do ill to send forth a third army. The Emperor's own expedition, besides, had slight success, owing to the delays, against which England had counselled them; and as to the opportunity of Bourbon now, the King's contribution was enough. At Sampson's request, the Chancellor promised to hasten the return of the archbishop of Capua, and said that Bourbon would enter France on the 14th of June. On the 22nd the Chancellor told him that the Emperor had sent again to England to know Henry's determination as to a contribution for an expedition, which Sampson thought was sufficiently clear already in the appointment. War is abhorred in Spain. The people are in extreme poverty; the nobles are excessively rich, but desirous to keep their King in necessity. Thinks this country should be more liberal, considering what England has done. The Cortes meet shortly. They want the King to send an army merely to assist Bourbon. The Almains are sent to the frontiers of Languedoc to make inroads or join Bourbon; but there is no news of his speedy approach. Incloses a letter from Delaroche, received yesterday from Barcelona, by which it will appear that the prince of Orange and count de Geneve are not likely to pass into Italy, as Nassau is to be married shortly to the marchioness of Senette.
St. John's day (24th June) there was a tournament, 25 on each side, names inclosed; in the afternoon the running and casting of canes and bull baiting. John Allmayne is married, as he has already written. Cannot send his dispatches quicker than the Government choose now that the zabres (fn. 2) are discharged. Perceives that Jerningham has urged his recal, which he himself desires. The bishop of Pacense and Elne is dead at Toledo. Will deliver the King's letters and Wolsey's for the physician on the first opportunity. Has written in answer to the King's letter to himself, and thanking him for the gold and silver cramp rings. Hanyball, the Emperor's servant who took the horses and mules to England, reports that the King will send ambling horses and hounds to the Emperor. Nassau's great marriage is secured, against the will of the Spaniards. Thinks the King should write to congratulate him. Perceives no active operations can be entered into before next year. Nassau was married today. There will be jousts at 4 o'clock. "And thus, sir, with great poverty we have much triumph." Burgos, 30 June.
Hol., pp. 13. Endd.
30 June.
R. O.
459. The RETINUE OF SIR EDWARD GUYLDEFORDE. (fn. 3)
"The names of the Five Ports (fn. 4) and of their men."
Sandwich. Herry Gere, John Huntt, John Kingslond, Thos. Croft, Fordwich. Edw. Denewood. Dover. John Horsley, Ric. Cradock, Nic. Green, Walter Lodebury. Folkestone. Thos. Broun, John Hersyng, Ric. Brooke. Hythe. Robt. Broun, Peter Tomson, John Crowde, Wm. Webster. Romney. John Shellev. Led. Rye. Rob. Hodson, Stevyn Gateworth, Thos. Pender, Ric. Rooke. Tenterden. John Symson, John Sarelys, Wm. Pelland, John Goddard, Ric. Duck, Rob. Robyns, Ric. Stephenson, Wm. Cokecoo, Ric. Beynham, Rob. Lodebury, Thos. Pagen, John Kencham. Winchelsea. John Shouryng. Canterbury.‡ John Yemanson, Rob. Gardener, John Lytelwodde, Wm. Collenson. Greenwich.‡ Wm. Fyssher, sen., Robt. Clerke, Wm. Fyssher, jun., Ric. Cooke, Ric. Lynche, Ric. Fynne. Tonbridge.‡ Thos. Lucke, John Harrison. Feversham.‡ John Robynson, Wm. Cryppes, Thos. Thorne, Thos. Sinnester. Whereof _ (fn. 5) are archers, and _§ bills. "Musters taken at Dover, last day of June 16 Hen. VIII., by us (signed) Thomas Vaghan, Robert Nethersole, Robert Lorde."
P. 1.
30 June.
R. O.
460. The RETINUE OF WM. VENABLES.
Wm. Venables, captain; Randyll Venables, petty captain. 43 names visible; some probably lost by mutilation.
P. 1.
30 June.
R. O.
461. JOHN ARDERN.
Eight documents relating to the sale of the property of John Ardern, of Kelingthorp, co. York, to Sir William Fitzwilliam, Thomas Hennege, Roger Pynchester, and others. Also, a release by Th. Perpoynt, draper of London, to John Ardern. Also, a deposition by Robert Ardern, who had been escheator of Notts and Derby in 22 Hen. VII., respecting the lands of Henry Glocester, an idiot. Dated 16–30 June 16 Hen. VIII.
Ten documents, large paper; one wholly in Cromwell's hand.
June.
R. O.
462. CLEWER.
Repairs at Cleuer steeple, in June 16 Hen. VIII., done by the oversight of Mr. Andrewe.
To Jas. Darell, for stone and for his apprentice's wages, 59s. 11d.; 4 loads of lime, 20s.; carriage of stone from London, 6s. To Serybe, for carriage of lime and sand, 7s. 8d.; to a carpenter, for a day's work and a half, 9d.; half a hundred of 10d. nails, 4d.; 1,000 bricks, 5s.; a load of scaffold timber, 14d.; masons' and laborer's wages, 38s. 8d.; flint and chalk, 2s. 2d.; a mason, for a week and a half, 5s. [Total, 5l. 16s. 8d.] Similar expenses for the same, 7l. 8s. 5d.
Pp. 2.
June.
Galba, B. VIII. 118. B. M.
463. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
In obedience to Wolsey's letters of the 14th, has been along with Russell to my lady Margaret, requesting her advice as to the conveyance of the King's money at the least expense. She answered, in presence of Marnix, she thought it best to convey it upon men's backs, which would be only the charge of conveyance, as the angelot is probably worth as much in France as in Flanders. Yet next day she told him, in presence of her Council, she had changed her mind, and thought no way so safe as by exchange. Objected that the merchant would ask a long time to make payment, and would only pay in current coin, and value it at his pleasure. They said the merchant should pay "in such money, as the Emperor's was returned." Thought this ambiguous, as the Emperor's money was spent in Italy, and this was to be spent in France. At last she said that Augustine Centurio, a Genoese merchant, who would remit the money, was in the town, and Knight could speak with him. Did so next day with Marnix, but could get no answer from him, except that which he sent to Wolsey. He desired to know by Sunday night whether we would negotiate with him. Told him he and Russell had given instructions to Bourbon's gentleman, Gondonyeris, to be declared to Wolsey, and requested him to wait five or six days for an answer. Wolsey will perceive that their change of purpose has been at the suit of the Genoese merchant; but he and Russell make everything ready to send the money on men's backs, so that it may reach Bourbon in 20 days at most. Bourbon knows at what the noble was value by the master of the posts, and if [they] do not pass it at 67½ st. he will at 66, which will be great profit to the King. Russell will be well accompanied, and use discretion in dangerous places, so that there will be no great fear.
As to the 4,000 men demanded by my Lady, said the King was preparing an army to cross the sea, and should not waste his treasure beforehand, desiring her to get ready the horse and foot she was to prepare at the Emperor's charge to join the King's army, and to save money for the purpose; but in order to divide the forces of the French, the King was willing to send over 1,000 horse and foot to Guisnes, which would join with those appointed by my Lady about Tournaham, while Bourbon was entering upon the other side of France, and the Emperor on Guienne. On asking her how many horse and foot she would devote to this purpose, she said 1,000 or 2,000 would not make the French king divide his forces, and it would be waste of money to put them in garrison. She has no fear for the frontiers, and would not advise the King to spend money unprofitably. Bourbon could not resist the whole power of France, and they were bound to make a diversion. She would have 4,000 men to join the Burgundians, go along the Somme, and encamp near the frontier, where they could be easily victualled from these countries, and pass into Champagne.
Today my Lady sent Knight letters received from Bourbon, showing that he was anxious for the speedy arrival of the King's money, and that my Lady would get ready the 3,000 horse, with the foot that were to join the King's army, and urge its setting forth. He speaks of the arrival of Pace, and of the answer he had made to the King's proposal, adding that the Emperor had supplied him with 200,000 cr., and that his army is 19,000 foot, of which (fn. 6) 13,000 are lanzknechts, 6,000 Spaniards and 3,000 Italians; 600 men-at-arms from Naples, and 300 of another sort, and 1,500 light horse. The marquis of Pescara and other nobles were going with him. His letter was dated Mount Calyere, the 16th inst., and next day * * * Desires leave to return to England for a month or two, his affairs being deranged by the death of a servant. Mechlin, _ (fn. 7) June.
Hol., pp. 6, mutilated.
June./GRANTS.464. GRANTS in JUNE 1524.
1. Wm. Bentley, clk. Grant of the chapel or chantry of Holy Cross in Old Sarum Castle, Wilts, Salisbury dioc., vice Edward Underwoode, clk., deceased. Del. Westm., 1 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
1. John Kempe, late of Northelinham, Norf., husbandman. Pardon; he having been falsely indicted of having, on 3 Jan. 7 Hen. VIII., broken into the house of Th. Heywarde, at Gateley, Norf., and stolen 4l. 6s. 8d. in money; 9 pair of linen sheets, value 30s.; six pair of blankets, value 16s.; a violet colored coat, value 10s.; 1 pair of beads ... value 12s.; 3 pounds of wax, value 2s. 5d.; and 8 pieces of pewter, value 4s. The two persons who did commit the robbery were afterwards arrested for certain felonies, and at their execution confessed that the burglary was committed by them: yet Kempe is still imprisoned in Norwiche Castle. Del. Westm., 1 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
1. Eustace Lodoyan, "de partibus Bewefac'" under the jurisdiction of the French king, merchant, and Th. Barnaby, merchant of London. Licence to import, within three years, 2,000 tons of merchandise; viz., wine or woad of Toulouse, bay-salt, canvas, French bonnets or caps, &c., and export woollen and broad cloths, woollen cloths called "cariseys," tin, lead, sea-coals, leather, &c. Del. Westm., 1 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr. m. 7.
2. Similar licence to Eustace Lodoyan alone. Same date.—S.B. Fr., m. 6.
2. Commission of the Peace.
Kent: T. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, J. bp. of Rochester, John abbot of St. Augustine's without Canterbury, Thos. prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, Geo. Nevell lord Bergevenny, Thos. Broke lord Cobham, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Thos. Boleyn, Sir Hen. Gouldeford, Sir Hen. Wyat, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir John Wylshire, Sir Wm. Scott, Sir Edw. Guldeford, Sir Wm. Crowmer, Sir Ric. Walden, Sir John Norton, Sir Wm. Hawte, John Halys, Thos. Willoughby, Wm. Fyneux, Edw. Wotton, Jas. Walsyngham, Thos. Woode, Ric. Lee, John Colman, John Baker, Alexander Culpeper, Reginald Pekham, Wm. Whetnall, Wm. Draper, John Crippys, Wm. Walsyngham, John Pettyt, Hen. Fane, John Monyns, Wm. Waller. Westm., 2 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 4d.
3. Sir Edw. Baynton. To have the custody of the warren of coneys in the forest of Claryngdon alias Paunset, Wilts, at the rent of 100s. per an., with 20s. increase, Westm., 3 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 24.
7. Geoffrey Whalley, prior of the monastery of Ulvescroft. Lease of the manor of Cheylesmore, in the duchy of Cornw., in the county of the city of Coventry, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 3l. 9s. 5½d., and 30s. 6½d. newly approved. Del. Westm., 7 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
7. John Gostwyke. Lease of the manor of Braythewayte, in the lordship of Middelham, York, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 10l. 3s. 4d., and 3s. 4d. newly approved. Del. Westm., 7 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
7. Wm. Blakden, clk. Presentation to the canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of Tamworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc., vice Th. Welles, deceased. Del. Westm., 7 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Martin Graunde, "broderer." native of Tournay. Denization. Del. Westm., 8 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 31.
8. Thos. Cokeson, of London, skinner. Protection; going to the wars. Greenwich, 4 June 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 June.—P.S.
11. Geo. Wytwang. Protection for Richard Rawlynson, of Rederefe, Surr., als. of Roderham, York, als. of Old Byland, York, ironmonger, who is to serve in the war. 11 June 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
14. Sir Robt. Ughtred. Protection for Wm. Stable, of Nortonfeld, Middx., butcher; going to the wars. Del. Westm., 14 June 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
14. John Cade, of Allerton in Sherwoode, Notts, fishmonger. Pardon for having, in self-defence, killed Rob. Maddur, of Allerton, baker, as appears by the record of Ric. Skyrmsher, coroner. Westm., 14 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
15. Wm. Cary, squire of the Body. To be keeper of the manor of Wansted, Essex, with 2d. a day out of the issues of the manor; on surrender of patent 20 April 12 Hen. VIII., granting the same to John Parker, page of the Privy Chamber. Westm., 15 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32.
16. Matthew Cradok. Lease of the lordship of Dynaspowes, Glamorgan, S. Wales, late of the duke of Bedford, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 24l. 13s. 11½d., and 20s. increase. Del. Westm., 16 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 39.
17. Anth. Fitzherbert and Thomas Caryll. Wardship and marriage of John, s. and h. of John Caryll, serjeant-at-law. Westm., 17 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 38.
17. Sir John Fitzjames, chief baron of the Exchequer and justice of the King's Bench, and Sir Wm. Denys. Wardship of Robert, s. and h. of Sir Owen Perrott. Westm., 17 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39.
18. Wm. Cary, squire of the Body, and Mary his wife. Grant of the manors of ... re Stansford Ryvers, Tracies and Suttons, and appurtenances there and in High Ongar, Essex, part of Buckingham's lands. Westm., 18 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
20. Roger Meynours. Lease of the manor of Wrexkesworth, Derby, late of the countess of Richemond, for 21 years from Mich. 1530, at the annual rent of 10l., and 6s. 8d. of increase. Del. Westm., 20 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 39.
20. Th. Ap Robertes, gentleman usher of the Chamber. Lease of the fishery of the lake of Mara, in the lordship of Brechon, S. Wales, late of Edw. duke of Buckingham, attainted, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 32s. 8d., and 3s. 4d. increase. Del. Westm., 20 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.
22. Edmund Knyvet, serjeant at the King's gate. Grant of two tenements in "Fletestrete," and two in "le Oldebaille," London, with a waste piece of land in "Fletestrete," called the sign of "le Walsheman," or a certain tenement or hospice called "le Walsheman in Fletestrete," late held by Ric. Cachemaide, now deceased, by grant of the King: all which premises lately belonged to— (fn. 8) lord Ferrers of Groby; to hold at the annual rent of one red rose. Del. Westm., 22 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
22. James de Leyburne, kinsman and heir of Nich. de Leyburne. Inspeximus of charter granting to the said Nich. free warren in his demesne lands of Skelmesergh in Kendale, Westmorland. Westm., 22 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 33.
23. Chr. Clerke, late of Froggesashe, "Herford," husbandman. Pardon for stealing, at Eyton Treygos, "Herford," on 4 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII., two red cows, value 26s. 8d., and an ox of the color "reddetagged," value 16s. 8d., the property of Wm. Taillour, of Brompton. Del. Westm., 23 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
23. Rob. Amades, citizen and goldsmith of London, and Eliz. his wife, tenants of the manor of Dakenhames, now called Jenkyns. Inspeximus and confirmation of charter of 12 Oct. 26 Hen. VI., granting freewarren to Rob. Osbern, in the said manor and in his demesne lands of Berkyng. Westm., 23 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
25. Geo. Wytwom, Wm. Esyngton, Wm. Broket, Robt. Broket, goldsmith, and Edmund Barker, vintner, of London. Pardon for having acquired, without licence, from John Prynce, a tenement at Snowrehyll, in the parish of St. Sepulchre, London. Westm., 25 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 38.
27. Sir Wm. Parr, knight of the Body. Release of 6l. of the annual rent of 76l. 10s. 10d., at which the manor and hundred of Rothwell, Northt., and various lands, &c. named in Rothwell, formerly of the duke of Buckingham, were leased to him for 40 years, by patent 10 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII.; it having been enacted, 14 and 15 Hen. VIII., on the petition of Eleanor Stafford, wife of the said Duke, that she should have the reversion of the premises (except that of the hundred of Rothwell), on the expiration of the said lease, and 70l. 10s. 10d. a year, parcel of the said rent, in satisfaction of her jointure. Also grant of a market on Saturdays at Rothwell, during the same term. Del. Westm., 27 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
27. Bishop's Lenn, Norf. Grant of incorporation, with a mayor, 12 aldermen, and 18 burgesses, to form the common council, a recorder, town clerk, and nine constables, two coroners, four serjeants of the mace (servientes ad clavam), and a clerk of the market. Thomas Miller to be the first mayor, and John Grendell, John Burdy, Ric. Bewshere, Robt. Amfles, Th. Leighton, Wm. Castell, Ric. Brice, Chr. Brodbanke, John Water, Edw. Newton, Ric. Peper and Robt. Parmenter to be aldermen. Proviso that no ordinance or tax of the corporation shall be to the prejudice of the bp. of Norwich. Also grant of the oversight of the water near the said borough, from St. Edmundes Nesse to the sewer of Staplewere. Del. Westm., 27 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
27. Sir Gregory Cassale. Licence to retain, for six years from the last importation and exportation, customs on merchandize imported or exported by him during two years after 1 Jan. 15 Hen. VIII. to the amount of 2,000l. Del. Westm., 27 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
27. John Bedon, yeoman of the Crown. To have 6d. a day as fee of the Crown vice Rob. Nevell. Westm., 27 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 16.
27. John Gilmyn, yeoman of the Crown in Hen. VII.'s time, and John his son, usher of the Chamber. To be keeper, auditor and doorward, in survivorship, of Bristol Castle, with a grant of the Castle close and 2d. a day as doorward, formerly held by Gilmyn the elder, then serjeant (? "serviens") of the King's minstrels, and Jo. Williams, yeoman of the Guard temp. Hen. VII. Westm., 27 June.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 32.
28. Sythe Gray, late of Norwiche. Pardon, having been condemned to death at Norwiche last Epiphany, "by sinister means and labor of divers her enemies." Her execution has been deferred in consideration that the "matter" was under the sum of 40s., that the plaintiff was "restored unto his goods," and that the petitioner "was handfast, and to an honest young man William Skynner, of the same city." Del. Westm., 28 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. Robt. Waller, of Norwich, merchant. Protection; going in the services of Sir Robt. Ughtred, captain of Guisnes. 28 June 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
30. Sir Humphrey Conyngesby, justice of the King's Bench. Lease of the manor of Rock-cum-Snede, Worc., late of the earl of Warwick, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 6l. 18s. 4d., and 3s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 30 June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8, and p. 2, m. 25.
John Fox, clk. To have the canonry and prebend in the collegiate chapel of St. Stephen in Westminster palace, vice Ric. Rawson, LL.D., who has exchanged for the prebend of Hengestrige, in the cathedral church of Wells. Del. Westm.,—June 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.

Footnotes

1 Bishop of Verona.
2 "Zábra, a sort of vessel once used in Biscay, from 100 to 200 tons burden, and served for fishing, or privateering, now laid aside."—Pineda's Spanish Dictionary.
3 Archers and billmen are distinguished by "Ar." and "B" affixed to the names.
4 The lists of Canterbury, Greenwich, Tonbridge and Feversham are added in a different hand.
5 Blank in MS.
6 Sic.
7 Blank in MS.
8 Blank in orig.