Introduction

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Institute of Historical Research

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William A. Shaw (editor)

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1900

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1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80

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'Introduction', Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers, Volume 3: 1735-1738 (1900), pp. I-LXXX. URL: http://british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=91806 Date accessed: 23 October 2014.


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Introduction

The materials used and the method followed in the present volume of “Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers” are exactly the same as in the preceding volume. No further word of general guidance, therefore, as to either material or method is necessary. The Calendar proceeds regularly year by year. In each year all the entries from the Minute Book, without exception, and also every other entry of greater historical importance or interest, whether in the Entry Books or in the Treasury Board Papers, are thrown into the text: all entries of minor historical importance or interest, whether in the Entry Books or in the Treasury Board Papers, are thrown into table I.: all entries of warrants, &c., relating to payments of money, are thrown into table II.: finally all entries, &c., relating to appointments are thrown into table III. This order of (a) text, (b) table I., (c) table II., (d) table III., for each separate and single year is followed throughout. Any inconvenience from such an arrangement (which is the only possible one in the case of matter so miscellaneous, of so varied and unequal interest, and, in many cases, e.g., money warrant entries, of so purely departmental or routine or official a character) will, it is hoped, be found to be obviated by the method and fulness of the index, on which special care hits been bestowed.

After the previous introduction to the preceding two volumes of this Calendar, nothing further than this is now needed by way of recapitulation as to material and method. As, however, some doubt has been expressed with regard to the correctness of the decision to exclude from the materials used here, the series of accounts known as Lowther's Accounts, it may be well to raise the question once for all, with the object of obtaining a final pronouncement upon it. The impression used to prevail, and apparently, in places, still prevails lingeringly, that Lowther's Accounts are Secret Service books, or represent one department of Secret Service expenditure. A careful examination will reveal that this is not the case, and will, it is hoped, by contrast, disclose the real nature of the Secret Service system under George II., and at the same time prove the substantial correctness of the description of those documents given in the preface to vol. I. of the present Calendar of “Treasury Books and Papers” (Preface 1729–30 pp. vi.–viii.).

Let it be premised, however, once again and for all, that whatever the nature of the items of payment revealed in “Lowther's Accounts,” as they are mere books of account they could not possibly enter into the scheme of a calendar, any more than could the Quarterly Establishment books, the Civil List books, &c., &c. (described in the above quoted preface, p. v.), of which there exist literally thousands of volumes amongst the records of the Treasury.

However, laying this (in itself quite final) consideration aside for the moment, a close impartial examination of Lowther's Accounts will, it is hoped, establish the following points:

(1) The “King's Money,” the fund or account of which Thomas Lowther acted as Paymaster, was instituted primarily (a) to provide for the payment of clerical fees at the Treasury and (or) Exchequer in the case of such payments as it was thought fitting should be made without any deduction for fees or poundage; and (b) to provide for payments of small bounties in cases where there were either no means of or no justification for the more formal placing of a person on the establishment payable by the Paymaster of Pensions.

(2) Such payments out of this fund of the “King's Money” as are not of the above perfectly justifiable description, such payments, that is, as partake or seem to partake of an occult nature, will be found almost invariably accounted for in some one or other of the Treasury Records which are calendared in the present calendar. In a preponderating number of cases, the items of expenditure will be found to be “vouched” or authorised by a direct resolution of the Lords of the Treasury at their Board meeting, and as such will be found in the Minute Book.

This fact alone will serve instantly to differentiate these items from true Secret Service items. Nothing is more remarkable than the rigid silence which all the existing Treasury records preserve, with regard to the expenditure of the Secret Service money proper. Periodically, moneys, to large amounts, appear as voted into the hands of the Secretary to the Treasury for [his] Secret Service, or into the hands of the two Secretaries of State for [their] Secret Service. But of the expenditure of that money there is not a word—neither actual vote in the Minute Book, nor warrant in the various money and other books, nor even scattered and accidental reference in the Treasury Board papers. When, therefore, we find, as we do in the Minute Book, sums of a few hundred pounds voted by the Treasury Lords to be paid to the proprietor or printer of, say, the “Free Briton,” for writing and printing, and that that sum should be paid by Mr. Lowther out of the King's Money into his hands, the very fact of the entry thus openly appearing in the Minute Book is per se evidence that the item was not considered a secret service item. In the index to this Calendar all such items are brought together under the head of “newspapers” (subsidising of); but such a description is not to be taken as implying necessarily a subsidising of newspapers out of secret service money. That it was a subsidising, and therefore of an occult nature (an actual payment for ‘writing’ or editorial, and not merely for actual copies supplied to or distributed for the Government) there can be no reasonable doubt. But it was apparently not of so occult a nature as to necessitate the employment of the Secret Service system. It is of course not impossible that further and still more occult subsidising of the newspapers was conducted, out of the quite other and separate Secret Service fund, but as this is hidden from us it is useless to conjecture. Certainly the total spent on more open support of newspapers through the means of the “King's Money” fund does not seem large. In 1735, for instance, the total was £6,797 18s. 4d.—a sum which has to be divided between at least five newspapers.

1735£s.d.Page of Calendar where the Entry will be found.
Feb. 20William Arnall, for “Free Britons”950006
May 17Ditto6000019
Feb. 20John Walthoe, for “Daily Courants”710003
May 20Ditto73868.18
July 17Ditto9900037
Feb. 27John Walthoe, for “Corncutters' Journal”238683
Nov. 14Ditto2386819
Nov. 10John Walthoe, for “Gazetteers”84613455
Aug. 26William Wilkins, for “London Journals”14865043
6797184

The third fact which will emerge from a close examination of Lowther's Accounts is that the bounty list is a genuine petty bounty list—not a secret service list. This will appear instantly from the character of the recipients, from the sums named, and from the prima facie probability that such bounties were given (and apparently given annually) by the King mero motu or even by the Treasury Lords on their own initiative as a preferable expedient to swelling the list of established pensions. For instance, on the 17th June, 1735, the Treasury Lords order that “Sarah, widow of Thomas Thurkettle, is to be inserted on the next bounty list” (text infra p. 30). Thurkettle had been a messenger of the Treasury Office, and had apparently died so poor that the Treasury Lords felt themselves compelled to pay his funeral expenses. In addition, they here appear as making an eleemosynary provision for his widow by way of bounty without the more formal establishing (voting and rendering permanent) of a pension. Probably many of the other items in the bounty list are susceptible of an equally open and unimpeachable explanation, if all the local circumstances were known. These small items which constituted the regular petty bounty list and the additional petty bounty list do not anywhere appear in the ordinary Treasury records. There is no counterpart to or duplicate of them in any of the Entry Books which form the materials of the present “Calendar of Treasury Books and Papers.” In order, therefore, to afford some evidence of the recurrence of the items— of the payment of the same bounty to the same individual one year after the other—two complete years of Lowther's accounts are given infra. From this it will be seen that this petty bounty list (and additional petty bounty list) formed a fairly stable item, making up a total in 1735 of 1,347l. 5s. 6d., and in 1736 of £1,411l. 0s. 6d.

In addition, however, to the recurring petty bounty list thus described there are certain (few) largish items of royal bounty which appear out of place in Lowther's accounts—payments not of 2l. or 10l. to a decayed widow, but of larger amounts and to men, e.g., the payment of 100l. to John Mun, infra pp. xxxvi. and 41. This was, doubtless, a payment for service. Mun was in some confidential employ. He had accompanied the Princess of Orange to Holland on her voyage thither after her marriage. He had also been selected as an envoy to the Netherlands (and possibly to France) to discover the secrets of the illicit Irish wool export trade. Now the payments to Mun will be found noticed in the ordinary Treasury records (infra pp. 7 and 51). It is, therefore, in reality one of a class of larger royal bounty which is of quite a different nature from that of the petty bounty list contained in Lowther's accounts. It belongs to the class of what may, for distinction's sake, be styled royal bounty proper, large or largish sums paid by direction of the King in the first place with the consent of the Treasury in the second place, and out of any general funds in the Exchequer in the third place (therefore not out of the King's Money), and, as a rule, in the fourth place, paid as a complimentary present to an ambassador on his taking leave, or to a corporation for a specific purpose named, or to an individual for, presumably, service rendered or expected, or simply as an act of grace on the part of the King. Now all such items of royal bounty proper occur rigorously and of necessity in the regular and usual Treasury Records. The order initiates with the King, and is, therefore, found in the King's Warrant Book. It is executed direct by the Auditor of the Receipt, and therefore, the duplicate entry is (usually) found not in the Money Book but in the Order Book. In most cases, to all appearances, countersigning or sanctioning by the Treasury Lords was hardly more than formal, but if they did actually debate and formally sanction (or even initiate) a grant of royal bounty, then the entry will appear in the Minute Book.

From all these sources they are gathered into the present Calendar, and will be found focussed in the index under “Royal Bounty.” Now, most certainly, if there is anything of an occult or secret service nature in any of the royal bounty items (and as a rule there is not) it would be contained rather in such items than in the petty bounty list of Lowther's Accounts.

The total items in Lowther's Accounts, which appear to be of the nature of the larger royal bounty proper, rather than of the petty bounty list, amount in the year 1735 to £371. They all occur in the regular Treasury records, and the duplicate reference in the present volume of Calendar will be found stated in the extract infra. The page of the Calendar in which this duplicate occurs is stated in the right hand column.

Why the Treasury should have chosen to saddle the ‘King's Money’ with these particular few items, amounting to £371, rather than, as usual, to direct their payment out of any of the funds in the Exchequer, is not capable of explanation. It may have been a matter of temporary cash expediency.

The following are the only entries in 1735 in Lowther's Accounts which appear to belong to the royal bounty proper rather than to the petty bounty list.

1734–5£s.d.Calendar
p.
Jan. 31Mons. Chavigné's chocolate41503
Feb. 21John Grover30005–6
Feb. 26John Mun50007
March 5Stephen Whatley50008
1735.
April 8
Thomas Franks100014
May 20Mary Egerton100015
June 19John Massabeky500010
July 3 (?)Thomas Badeslade390030
July 10Roger Mansuer200038
Aug. 6Stephen Whatley500041
Aug. 7M. Renard (per M. Schick)500040
Aug. 29James Grant (per John Rutherford)300044
Sept. 18John Munn1000051
Nov. 27Josh Schicke210055

By way of résumé, therefore, it would appear plain, (1) that the main item of expenditure in Lowther's Accounts is that of Treasury and Exchequer fees mostly ‘unvouched’ for by the Treasury Lords, but whether ‘vouched’ or not, entirely devoid of historical interest or importance; (2) that the items of payments to newspapers are all accounted for in the present calendar; (3) that Lowther's bounty list is a petty bounty list of a purely eleemosynary character, and that whatever items are not of that character will be found to be small, and to be accounted for in the present calendar.

The further few items of petty expenses, petty wages, rent of houses, &c., contained in the accounts form altogether a negligeable quantity, and the general description of them as such will suffice. The items are small, both in number and in amount, they bear a bonâ fide stamp, and wherever they have any importance at all they will be found to appear in the body of the present volume of calendar, and to be therefore ‘vouched’ by the Treasury Lords themselves.

To the general statement, outlined above, of the nature of the payments revealed in Lowther's Account, there are two items of exception which appear to militate against the view set forth, viz., the two following payments out of the year 1735:—

£s.d.
August 28. Paid Samuel Buckley, Esq., for sundry charges and disbursements on his Majesty's service980140
Sept. 6. Paid Mr. John Peele for several charges and disbursements by him made in his Majesty's special services175000

The first of these two items is satisfactorily accounted for in the body of the present calendar (see infra p. 43), and the entry is, therefore, probably similar in nature to (i.e., the fact of its occurring in Lowther's Accounts, and of the money being ordered to be paid out of the King's money in his hands is due to the same cause as in the case of) the entries of royal bounty proper, which have been already discussed.

That the same was also the case with the second of the above two entries there can be little doubt, but the remarkable and quite mysterious fact is that there is no record of this particular payment in the general Treasury Records, and, therefore, none in the body of the present calendar. The fact is inexplicable, and if it should be asserted that the entry is a secret service item, there would be no way of disproving it. But whatever the nature of this particular transaction, it will not in the least alter the general view established as above as to the real petty nature and non-secret service nature of the series of Lowther's Accounts.

Having thus from internal evidence established the real nature of ‘Lowther's Accounts’ a further question arises as to their origin and as to the first employment of a separate fund for Exchequer fees and small bounties, &c., under the specific title of ‘King's Money.’

The answer is by no means easy, but certain reliable facts emerge, and may be stated at the outset.

(1) As a distinct and separate fund, ‘King's Money’ originated with the accession of George I.

(2) Some of the purposes which it served were fulfilled partly and in a very confused way by the Civil List under William III. and Queen Anne.

(3) Therefore in all probability the institution by George I. of the separate ‘King's Money’ fund was an attempt to remedy the extraordinarily chaotic state of Queen Anne's Civil List, and at the same time was an attempt at retrenchment.

To take point (2) first in order. It is evident that under William that there existed no separate fund for the discharge of Exchequer or Treasury fees, and that where it was thought desirable from reasons of policy to order a payment to be made without deduction or fees, then a separate order had to be made for the separate issue of a sum equal in amount to the deduction or fees, or for separate allowance of them in account. Apart from the general Exchequer practice, this may be specifically inferred from the terms (italicised) of the following King's Warrant (fn. 1) —
1690, Oct. 22. Royal Warrant to the Auditors of Imprests to allow in the accounts of the Earl of Ranelagh, Paymaster of the Forces, two sums, viz., £1,533 7s. 6d. and £917 19s. 6d., being Exchequer fees on three payments of respectively 172,340l., 282,000l., and 10,000l., the said three payments having been ordered to be paid without deduction, “and that you alsoe allow unto him upon his said accompts such sums as the Exchequer fee amount unto for all other moneys which he hath paid or shall pay by our direction without deduction.

In the following year a similar warrant occurs directing one of the Auditors of Imprests to allow the said Earl of Ranelagh a sum of 1,399l. 13s. 2d., being the deduction of 12d. per £ on sums by him paid, and on which he himself by direction made no poundage deduction. (fn. 2)

With regard to the second type of payments subsequently provided for out of the ‘King's Money,’ viz., petty bounties, the following entry proves the existence or the tendency to the existence of a separate organization for them.
1707, Sept. 27. (fn. 3) Royal warrant to the Auditor of the Receipt for the issue of 476l. 2s. 11d. to Thomas Lowther in satisfaction of so much which has been paid to several persons by the Queen's directions as of her royal bounty.

The curious point is that there is no further trace of Lowther either before this date or after it until he emerges under George I. as the established Paymaster of the King's Money. But an examination of Queen Anne's Civil List will serve partly to explain this fact. For it will be at once apparent that whilst Spencer Compton (or previously Edward Nicholas) was at the time Paymaster both of Pensions and of Royal Bounties great and small, such a chaos prevailed in the civil list that there were numerous other and simultaneous channels through which gifts of royal or petty bounty could be conveyed, and for one of those side channels Lowther or any other subordinate may well have been employed as a useful nominee or substitute for Compton.

In the three following accounts I give in succession extracts from the Civil List Accounts of Queen Anne for 1706 and 1712, and of George I. for 1715. The extracts are only of such items as relate to pensions, bounties, and secret service and similar or like items, and are in each of the three accounts distinguished by the letters A, B, &c., for the purpose of facilitating comparison.

I. Account of the Civil List, 1705, March 25, to 1706, March 25. (fn. 4)

£s.d.£s.d.
ATo pensions and annuities at the Exchequer31,33666
ADitto at the Excise38,0576
ADitto at the Post Office55,982170
125,366910½
BTo Edward Nicholas for Charities, &c., established by Her Majesty21,5467
CDitto for the Irish [sic for French] Protestants15,00000
DBounties7,58650
ESecret Service,
[per] Robert Harley
2,00000
E[per] Sir C. Hedges3,00000
E[per] W. Lowndes 14,000 014,00000
19,00000
FContigencies of divers natures53,45916

II. 1712, November 18, an estimate of the Charges of the Civil Government. (fn. 5)

£s.d.
APensions and Annuities payable at the Exchequer and at the Excise and Post Offices, about55,00000
BAnnual pensions and bounties payable by the hands of Mr. Compton65,00000
CBounty to French Protestants usually paid by his hands15,00000
ESecret Service, per the Secretaries of State6,00000
EDitto, per Mr. Lowndes, at least27,00000
FContingencies of divers natures, to wit, liberates of the Court and Receipt of Exchequer, printers' bills, law charges, surplusages of accounts, incidents to the Commissioners for Trade and other Officers, casual bounties at the Exchequer, and by the hands of Mr. Compton, and very many other particulars, which always happen in the compass of a year not to be foreseen or enumerated, for all which may be reckoned by estimate108,00000

III. Civil List payment, 1714, August 1, to 1715, August 1. (fn. 6)

PaidOwing.
£s.d.£s.d.
APensions and annuities at the Exchequer, Excise, and Post Office43,30906,69019
BDitto, lately payable by Edward Nicholas, Esq. (including 7,120l. per an. for several French and foreigners), not yet settled but by estimate will amount to30,00000
CThe usual annual bounty to the poor French Protestants15,00000
DBounties in gross sums at the Exchequer15,207150
QDitto, and other payments by Mr. Lowther4,607100
ESecret service for 3 Secretaries of State7,25000
RPresents to Ministers from Foreign Courts, including the charges on receiving it at the Exchequer3,47088
FContingents of divers natures, as liberates of the Exchequer, printers' bills, surplusages of accounts, rewards for services and many other particulars10,98070¾ (fn. 7)

In account No. 1 it would not be easy to decide from which item petty bounties could be paid. They could be paid either from D or F. But this point is apparently decided in the next account (No. 2) by the words italicised and emboldened under F. These words make it clear that as a rule casual or petty bounties were paid out of contingencies, and were as a rule paid either by the regular Paymaster of Pensions or directly at the Exchequer.

In account No. 2, item D (‘bountys’) of No. 1 would appear to be sunk either in the huge total of 108,000l. for contingencies (item F), or else in the cognate item B (65,000l.).

In No. 3 account the swollen and suspicious total of Queen Anne's ‘contingencies’ item (108,000l.) disappears. It is replaced by a more modest item of 10,980l. 7s. 0¾d., whilst two new items emerge marked Q and R, viz., a small sum of 4,607l. 10s. 0d. for ‘bounties and other payments’ by Mr. Lowther, and an equally insignificant sum of 3,470l. 8s. 8d. for presents to foreign Ministers.

A comparison of the first Civil List Account of George I. therefore with the two accounts of Anne (one of which was practically of the year but one preceding) reveals the fact that a double change had been instituted, one of economy, the other of arrangement. The suspicious and evasive item of ‘contingencies’ was sharply cut down, and in the second place a new item or fund (as yet unnamed, but later to be designated the King's Money) was instituted to serve for the payments of such casual and petty fees and bounties as had previously been paid direct from the Exchequer and as had been thought fit to be preserved and provided for after having been separated from the ‘contingencies’ item.

The first warrant for a payment to Lowther for the purposes thus outlined was as follows:—
George R. (fn. 8)
Our will and pleasure is that by virtue of our General Letters of Privy Seal, bearing date the 29th day of Sept., 1714, (fn. 9) you issue and pay, or cause to be issued and paid out of our Treasure or Revenue in the Receipt of our Exchequer, applicable to the use of our Civil Government, unto our trusty and well beloved Thomas Lowther, Gent., or to his assessors, the sum of 1,000l., without any account, imprest, or other charge, the same being by him to be paid and applied to such acts and services as we have directed, and for so doing, this shall be your warrant. Given at our Court at St. James's, the 6th day of December, 1714, in the first year of our reign.
By his Majesty's command,
Halifax,
Wm. S. Quintin,
Edwd. Wortley.
To the Commissioners of our Treasury.
Mem.: The 7th Dec., 1714, their Lordships signed a warrant pursuant to the aforegoing sign manuall.

Having thus explained the nature and origin of the King's Money’ or of ‘Lowther's Accounts’ it remains only to show briefly their subsequent history up to the time treated of in the present instalment of Calendar. This will be best done in the abstract which is appended hereto pp. xx. seq., but as far as the mere growth of the fund or item is concerned, the following may be stated in briefest résumé as to the issues made on account of it.

Issues or Payments to Thomas Lowther for King's Money.

£s.d.
1714 (from the accession of George I.)1,00000
17155,107100
17163,00000
17175,50000
17188,00000
17193,30000
172013,50000
172110,50000
172214,00000
172310,00000
172410,50000
1725 (unfinished)[11,50000]
1726 (lost)
1727 (incomplete)[4,00000]
17288,50000
172911,00000
17309,00000
173113,00000
173216,50000
173318,00000
173422,50000
173522,00000
173616,00000
173714,50000
173814,10000

It must be left to the general historian to estimate what, if any, constitutional importance attaches to the growth of this yearly item. The object of this preface is only to show the origin of it, and the real use to which it was put, and to set at rest, it is hoped completely, any idea which may still remain, that the King's Money was a Secret Service Fund.

To make this preface and demonstration complete, there is here added a skeleton abstract of the whole of Lowther's Accounts so far as they have been preserved, and an absolutely faithful transcript of two years out of these accounts, the two years (1735 and 1736) being chosen which coincide with the first two years calendared in the present volume.

The transcript is furnished with an extra column on the right hand (which, of course, is not in the original), in which is stated the page of the present vol. of calendar in which the particular transaction can be traced. Failing this, if it is desired to investigate the items de novo and piecemeal, it will be easy to do so by working the general index to the present volume.

Lowther's Accounts.

(a) Skeleton abstract of the whole, (b) verbatim transcript of the accounts for two years, viz., 1735 and 1736.

All that is preserved of the Accounts is comprised in eight folio booklets, as follow:—

Booklet (1) An account of money issued to Mr. Lowther at the Receipt of his Majesty's Exchequer, and by him paid by order of the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury, in pursuance of his Majesty's directions, from his Majesty's accession to the Crown to the 29th of Nov. 1717.
32 pp. and 8 blank pages.

Prefixed. On the front page is the following order of reference.
Whitehall Treasury Chambers, 11th January, 1717–8.
The Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury are pleased to refer this book to Thomas Jett, Esq., who is to examine the same with the vouchers to be produced by Mr. Thomas Lowther, and make his report thereupon to their Lordships.
W. Lowndes.

Accordingly there is attached to the said front page the said Auditor Jett's report, dated 1718, June 27, and further a certificate by the Earl of Halifax, Auditor of the Receipt, of the sums issued at the Exchequer to Lowther from the King's accession in 1717, Nov. 29, to be by the said Lowther “paid and applied to such use and services as his Majesty hath directed, by virtue of the General Letters of Privy Seal, dated the 29th of September, 1714, and upon the particular orders and sign manuals of the dates, and for the sums” detailed.

This certificate and Auditor Jett's report agree in stating the sums issued to Lowther during said time at 13,607l. 10s., against which Auditor Jett allows Lowther credit for 13,628l. 11s. 7d. for payments as detailed in said Lowther's book—thus leaving a surplusage or balance due to the accountant of 21l. 1s. 7d.

The report continues:
“I have carefully examined and cast up the particulars as well on the credit as debt side, and find the same to be exact. He hath likewise produced to me vouchers for the severall payments, except for fees paid at the severall publick offices for Privy Seals and Patents, and at the Exchequer for the money issued to him there: in which cases he hath only produced his own bills, the particulars whereof are hereunto annexed, amounting in the whole to the sum of 4,072l. 12s. 3d.; and after comparing them with other bills of the like nature, I find them to be as customary.
But it does not appear to me by what authority or direction the said payments were made otherwise than by the allegacon of the accountant that the greatest part of them were pursuant to minutes of the Treasury, and others by verbal order of some of their Lordships there for the time being or their secretaries.”

Auditor Jett accordingly appends to this his report a paper of these “payments made by Mr. Lowther for which no vouchers appear.”

With only two exceptions (viz., Fol. 4, several petty expenses as per bill, 20l. 16s. 0d.: Fol. 8, ditto, 3l. 11s. 6d.), these unvouched payments are entirely of the nature of fees paid to clerks, &c., at the Treasury on the obtaining of money warrants, or at the Exchequer on the actual receipt of the money. The first page of this appended paper of such unvouched papers is as follows. It will serve as a complete exemplification of the whole:—

£s.d.£s.d.
Fol. 1. Fees at the Treasury for sign manual, and stamp for 1,000l., received at the Exchequer, 7th Dec., 17143176
Warrant and order thereupon226
Auditor of the Receipt6126
Clerk of the Pells420
Tellers1500
[Total Fees paid on the said 1000l.]31146
Fol. 2. The like fees for another 1,000l. received the 13th of April, 171531146
Fol. 3. Fees paid for 317l. 10s. 0d. for his Grace the Duke of Montrose14186
Ditto for 215l. for Mr. Micklethwaite1760
Ditto for 1,617l. 10s. 0d. received by Mr. Lowther46190
Ditto for 100l. by Mr. Biherendorf8116
Ditto for 1,000l. received the 12th of July31146
Ditto for 103l. 14s. 2d. for Mr. Lauesbeng8176
Ditto for 10,000l. Secret Service money256140
Ditto for 500l. received 17th Sept.1946
Ditto for 200l. for the Marquess de Sante Creuz1693
Ditto for 100l. for the Lord Strangford8160
Fol. 4. Ditto for 500l. received Nov. 8th, 17151940
Ditto for 6,450l. purchase money of the library of the Bishop of Ely16676
Charges in passing the Treasury Commission as per bill99186
Ditto in passing the Chancellor of the Exchequer's two patents, as per bill12960
Ditto for 1,000l. Secret Service money, received the 22nd Dec., 1715, as per bill31146
Ditto for 500l. received by Mr. Lowther the same day per bill1940
Ditto for passing the Lord Almoner's patent, per bill52180
Ditto for 3,600l. in the name of Sir Joseph Hodges, per bill96176
Ditto for 500l. received the 20th Jan., 1715–6, per bill1940

and so on.

Booklet (2) An account, &c., ut supra, from the 29th day of November, 1717, to the 18th of December, 1719. 24 pages.

Prefixed (ut supra).
(a) Treasury order of reference, dated 1719–20, January 12, referring the said account to Auditor Jett for examination. (b) Said Auditor Jett's report thereupon, dated 1720, 6 June, and certificate by the Earl of Halifax, dated 1719, December 18, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowther of 12,309l., and payments by him of 12,349l. 12s. 9d. (5,318l. 1s. 6d. thereof being unaccounted for by vouchers ut supra), leaving a surplusage or balance due to accountant of 40l. 12s. 9d.

Booklet (3) Account (&c. as above), from the 18th December, 1719, to the 10th of March, 1721.
32 pages, 9 blank pages.

Prefixed (a) Treasury order of reference ut supra, to Auditor Thomas Jett, of date 1722, May 5.
(b) Certificate by the Earl of Halifax, of date 1721–2, March 10, and report by said Jett, of date 1722, Sept. 18, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowther of 26,000l., and payments by him of 26,009l. 15s. 5d. (11,999l. 1s. 2d. thereof being unvouched for by warrant ut supra), leaving a surplusage or balance due to accomptant of 9l. 15s. 5d.

Booklet (4) An account, &c., ut supra, from the 12th of March, 1721, to the 14th of September, 1725.
48 pages, 38 blank pages.

Prefixed (a) Treasury order of reference ut supra, of date 1730, March 10, to William Lowndes.
(b) Certificate by the Earl of Halifax, dated 1725, Sept. 22, and report by Auditor William Lowndes, dated 1732, June 15, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowther of 44,000l., and payments by him of 44,004l. 6s. 2d. (of which 27,350l. 4s. 2d., not accounted for by vouchers, ut supra), leaving a surplusage or balance due to accomptant of 4l. 6s. 2d.

Booklets (5 and 6) An account, &c., ut supra from midsummer, 1727, to the 8th of June, 1732.
56 and 56 pages.

Prefixed (a) Treasury order of reference, of date, 1741, July 31.
(b) Report by Auditor Lowndes, of date, 1741, Sept. 22, and copy of certificate, dated 1732, Oct. 2, by the Earl of Halifax, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowndes of 54,000l., and payments by him of 53,996l. 15s. 7d., leaving an arrear or balance due from him of 3l. 4s. 5d. (corrected to 63l. 4s. 5d.).

[Booklets 5 and 6 are duplicate, differing only in the facts that No. 6 has preserved in it the Treasury order of reference and Auditor Lowndes's report, and the Earl of Halifax's certificate, while No. 5 has preserved in it the said Earl of Halifax's certificate, but not the order of reference nor the report.]

Booklet (7) An account, &c., ut supra, from 1732, Midsummer, to 1735, August 21.
40 pages, 50 blank pages.

Prefixed (a) Treasury order of reference, ut supra, of date 1741, July 31.
(b) Report by Auditor W. Lowndes, of date 1741, Sept. 22, and copy of certificate by the Earl of Halifax, Auditor of the Receipt of date 1735, Sept. 22, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowther of 62,000l., making with arrears, a total charge of 62,063l. 2s. 11d, and payments by him of 62,003l. 13s. 1d., leaving an arrear or balance due from accomptant of 59l. 9s. 10d. (corrected to 47l. 5s. 4d.).

Booklet (8) An account, &c., ut supra, from the 23rd of August to the 14th May, 1740.
64 pages, 22 blank pages.

Prefixed (a) Treasury order of reference, ut supra, dated 1741, July 31.
(b) Report by Auditor William Lowndes, dated 1741, Sept. 22, and certificate by Lord Robert Walpole, Auditor of the Receipt, dated 1740, May 16, all ut supra.

The account shows payments to Lowther of 79,000l. (making with arrears a total charge of 79,047l. 5s. 4d.) and payments by him of 79,004l. 16s. 7d., leaving an arrear or balance due from accomptant of 42l. 8s. 9d.

It will be noted that between Booklets 4 and 5 there is a gap, and that the accounts from 1725, Sept. 14, to 1727, June 24, are missing. It will be further noted that in all three succeeding accounts (booklets 5–8) the order of reference is in every case dated 1741, July 31, and the report of Auditor Lowndes likewise in each case 1741, Sept. 22—indicating the absence of any systematic audit of Lowther's accounts from the accession of George II. to 1741.

(b.) A Transcript of Lowther's Accounts for Two Years, viz., 1735–6.

Date.Purpose or Nature of Payment.Amount.Page of the present Volume of Calendar where the transaction is referred to.
[CHARGE.]£s.d.
[1735.]
(fn. 10) June 7
Received at the Receipt of Exchequer for his Majesty's service150000? 100,
104
Feb. 20Ditto150000? 100,
104
Feb. 27Ditto150000? 100
104
[1735.]
April 21
Received at the Receipt of Exchequer for his Majesty's service100000
May 19Ditto300000111
June 18Ditto150000113
July 10Ditto200000123
Aug. 21Ditto150000126
Aug. 28Ditto250000126
Sept. 6Ditto200000128
Sept. 30Ditto100000131
Oct. 21Ditto100000135
Nov. 8Ditto100000137
Dec. 30Ditto100000189
1736.
Feb. 5
Ditto200000241
Feb. 6Ditto100000242
March 5Ditto150000244
April 17Ditto150000248
June 7Ditto150000255
June 10Ditto150000
July 2Received at the Receipt of Exchequer for his Majesty's service100000259
Aug. 12Ditto150000265,
267(?)
Oct. 8Ditto150000
Nov.Ditto200000276
[1735.]
Dec. 22
Ditto100000278
Date.Purpose of Nature of Payment.Amount.Page of the present Volume of Calendar where the transaction is referred to.
DISCHARGE.£s.d.
1734–5.
Jan. 2
Paid a bill of several petty expenses from the 22nd Sept., 1732, to this day, as per bill7129
Jan. 3Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Jan. 3Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees and 6d. duty for the clerks of the Treasury['s salaries], &c, as per bill2446
Paid ditto fees for 1,500l. for His Highness the Duke [of Cumberland], as per bill110126
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l. for the Princesses, as per bill92150
Jan. 7Paid ditto fees of 1,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill7776
Jan. 8Paid ditto fees of 2,900l. issued to John Shepherd for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill151166
Paid Mrs. Rebecca Weaver bounty2000
Paid Capt. Deveil, attorney to Ann Cassottie, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Eliz. Floyer, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Sarah Lee, ditto1000
Jan. 8.Paid Mrs. Eliz. Peake, bounty1000
Paid Mrs. Ann Pack, ditto1000
Paid Vallentine Magniac, ditto1500
Paid Christian Davis, ditto500
Paid Mr. (sic) Florance Turner, ditto1000
Paid Mary Wooton, ditto500
Paid Ann Fitzgerald, ditto1000
Paid Mrs Felicia Ruthen, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Elenor Wren, ditto2000
Paid Elenor Bridge, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Margaret South, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Mary Shepherd, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Sarah Beaton, ditto2000
Jan. 8Paid Hellen Waite, boimt500
Jan. 9Paid Mrs. Ann Powel, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Mary Richards, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Sarah Hewitt ditto1200
Paid Sir Robert Adams ditto2100
Paid Magnus Du Blair, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Jane Walter, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Mary Yeats, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Ann Smith, ditto1000
Paid Roger Williams, ditto1000
Paid James Touchet, Esq., ditto1000
Jan. 10Paid Mrs. Alice Blener, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Warren, ditto2000
Jan. 10Paid Mrs. Deborah Reeves, bounty1000
Paid Rebeccah Houssey, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Jane Kew, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Margaret Irmel, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Catherine Littlemore ditto2000
Paid Mr. James Rossi, ditto4000
Jan. 13Paid Ann and Elizabeth Curle, ditto1000
Paid Philis Churchill, ditto500
Paid Margaret Jerom, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Fish, ditto1000
Paid the widow Lewis, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Jane Hayes, ditto1000
Paid Mary Allen, ditto500
Jan 14Paid Mrs. Catherine Moore, bounty1000
Jan 15Paid Mrs. Mary Mackay, dito1000
Paid Edward Walpole, Esq., for the use of Catherine Stevens and Elizabeth Lucas1000
Jan 16Paid Mrs. Winbish for 3 months' newspapers to Christmas516 ½
Paid Mr. Edward Jackson, for the course of Exchange a year to Christmas280
Jan 20Paid Mrs. Francis Braval, bounty2000
Jan 21Paid Mrs. Prudence Vincastine, ditto1000
Paid Francis Banks, ditto500
Paid Edward Walford, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Sarah Westbrook, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Colledge, ditto2000
Jan. 21Paid Mrs. Chevalier, bounty2000
Jan. 22Paid Christopher Tilson, Esq., for several public Warrants1536
Paid Mr. Edward Lloyd, bounty4000
Paid ditto for the use of Roger Glanvill, ditto1000
Jan. 23Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Quarme, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Smith at the House of Commons, ditto1000
Jan. 24Paid Mrs. Ann Rogerson, ditto500
Paid Judith Langrish, ditto500
Jan. 27Paid Mrs. Ann Watkins, ditto500
Jan. 28Paid Elizabeth Sikes, ditto500
Jan. 29Paid Philadelphia Squib, ditto1000
Jan. 31Paid Mr. Fane for Mr. Whetham for Monsieur Chavigny's chocolate, as per note41503
Feb. 1Paid Mr. Alexander Carlton, bounty3000
Feb. 4Paid Mrs. Jane Gurlaw, ditto2000
Feb. 5Paid Mary Cheston, ditto1000
Feb. 6Paid Elizabeth Brown, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Sarah Wright, ditto500
Paid Treasury and Exchequer for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse as per bill84150
Feb. 8Paid ditto fees of 5,750l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service as per bill29446
Feb. 12Paid Mr. William Man, bounty2000
Paid Mrs. Ann Watkins, ditto500
Feb. 20Paid Mr. William Arnall in pursuance of a minute of the 13th instant for writing and printing ‘Free Brittons’950006
Feb. 20Paid Mr. John Walthoe for ‘Daily Courants’ delivered at the Post Office from the 24th August to the 21st Nov., 1734710003
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 400l. bounty in the name of Mr. Edward Jones as per bill3670
Paid ditto fees of 1,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service as per bill7780
Feb. 21Paid Mr. John Grover for his attending a Committee of the House of Commons last session as per minute30005–6
Feb. 26Paid Mr. Mum [Mun] for his journey to Callais with the Princess of Orange50007
Paid Mrs. Mary Curtis in the name of John Bois, bounty2000
Feb. 26Paid George Liddell. Esq., for the use of Mrs. Mary Selby 10l. on the Bounty list, and 5l. on the additional1500
Feb. 27Paid Mr. John Walthoe for ‘Corncutters’ Journals' from the 1st Oct. 1734, to the 24th Dec. following238683
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Fownes' bounty2000
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 5,600l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service as per bill286140
Paid ditto fees of 1,812l. expended by William Richardson his Majesty's service as per bill9796
Paid ditto fees of 1,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service as per bill7780
Feb. 28Paid Catherine Wilkinson, additional bounty list1000
March 3Paid Mary Curtice on additional bounty list500
Paid Mr. Daniel Molloy, bounty ditto list500
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Gilbert, ditto on ditto list1000
Paid fees on 3,000l. for his Majesty's Privy Purse84150
March 4Paid Mrs. Justine de Champ Fleury, bounty500
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Alexander, on additional bounty list1000
March 5Paid Anna Whithorn, on additional bounty list1000
Paid Mr. Stephen Watley, [royal] bounty50008
Paid Mary Elliston, on additional list500
March 6Paid Mrs. Susanna Fisher, on ditto list2000
March 7Paid Giles Batchellor, bounty on ditto list2000
March 7Paid Jane Rex. bounty on additional list500
March 10Paid Mrs.Elizabeth Derme, ditto on ditto list1000
March 11Paid Mr. Samuel Hunt for the funeral of Mr. Thomas Thurkettle, late messenger23106
Paid Mrs. Sarah Mathews, bounty500
March 12Paid Mrs. Katherine Taylor, on additional list10100
Paid Mrs. Ann Clark, bounty on ditto list2000
March 21Paid William Corbett, Esq., 6d. per lib. for 1,000l. deducted at the Exchequer for Mr. Speaker's equipage2500
Paid Mary Manley, bounty550
March 26Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,500l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service as per bill81140
April 2Paid 6d., duty and fees for the [salaries of the] Clerks of the Treasury, &c., as per bill2426
April 3Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
April 8Paid Thomas Franks, bounty100014
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,500l. for His Royal Highness, the Duke, as per bill110130
Paid ditto fees of 1,257l., for the Princesses as per bill92150
April 18Paid Sarah Eliot, bounty1000
April 19Paid Mr. Milling, minister at the Hague, half a year due at Lady Day, 17352500
Paid Mrs. Ann Humfreys, bounty500
April 22Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 1,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5270
April 23Paid Mrs. Shepperd for cleaning Mr. Fane's office for half a year due at Lady Day last600
Paid Mrs. Charlot Kemmetter, bounty on additional list1000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Godfery, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Jane Spooner, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Dorothy and Amy Page, ditto1000
April 24Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 5,300l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's [secret] service, as per bill271140
Paid ditto fees of 3,004l., expended by William Richards, as per bill15706
April 24Paid Mrs. Winbish for newspapers to Lady Day, 1735571
April 29Paid Mrs. Mary Orett, bounty1000
May 2Paid Mr. [sic] Jullie Weston, ditto3000
Paid Mrs. Mary Morris, ditto10100
Paid Elizabeth Edwards, ditto200
Paid Thomas Reeves, ditto200
Paid William Johnson, ditto200
Paid William Jackson, ditto
Paid Mary Caudle, ditto600
Paid Anne Morgan, ditto2100
Paid Sarah Smith, ditto2100
May 4Paid Anne Cook, ditto100
May 12Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse84150
May 12Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 8,150l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service41450
May 14Paid ditto fees of 3,000l. for Lord Harrington, to defray the expenses of his journey to Hanover156166
May 17Paid Mr. William Arnall for ‘Free Britons’ and writing, &c.6000019
Paid Mr. Fetherston for the Clerks of the Treasury's Tax for 173415600
May 19Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,600l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service as per bill22940
Paid ditto fees of 6,000l. expended on His Majesty's service by William Richards as per bill306166
May 19Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,000l. issued to me for His Majesty's Service as per bill15276
May 20Paid Mr. John Drummond for the use of Charles Delafay, Esq., for his assigning a stable and ground for His Majesty's use in Downing Street1000019
Paid Mrs. John Drummond for the use of Charles Delafay, Esq., for his assigning a stable and groud for His Majesty's use in Downing Street1000019
Paid Mrs. Mary Egerton, bounty100015
Paid Mr. John Waltho for ‘Double Courants’ sent to the Post Office between 24 Nov., 1734, and the 22 Feb., 1734–57386818
Paid for ‘Corncutters’ Journals' sent to the Post Office between 24 of Dec., 1734, and the 25 March, 17352386819
May 20Paid Mr. Arthur Pollard the 6d. duty for 500l. for Mr. Speaker's allowance12100
May 22Paid in passing the Treasury Commission thro' the offices, as per bill8600
Paid Mr. Lowndes for passing a Privy Seal for appointing Receivers-General for Land Tax, 173528166
May 28Paid Elizabeth Oakes, bounty200
May 29Paid Mark Frecker, Esq., for the houses and stables in Downing Street234310
June 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
June 18Paid ditto fees of 1,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill7776
June 19Paid Mr. James Payzant the rent of two houses, being Lord Harrington's office9500
Paid Monsr. Jean Hassabeky [sic for Massabeky] [royal] bounty500010
June 19Paid Mr. Daniel Prevereau for passing Her Majesty's commission [as Guardian of the Kingdom] through the several offices8115626
June 24Paid to William Offley, bounty3000
I crave allowance by virtue of a minute of the 20 Aug., 1720, confirmed on Sept., 1722, for half a year from Christmas last to this day7500
June 27Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 7,000l., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill356140
July 3Paid Mr. Thomas Badeslade, Surveyor, for surveying Kensington Palace and Gardens and part of Hyde Park, &c.390030
Paid Exchequer fees and 6d. duty for the Clerks of the Treasury, as per bill23180
June 4Paid ditto fees of 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill9190
July 5Paid ditto fees of 1,476l., expended by William Richards, as per bill80136
Paid Mrs. Winbesh for newspapers, a quarter to midsummer5127
June 10Paid Mr. Roger Mansure, bounty200038
Paid Exchequer fees for 1,500l., for His Highness the Duke, as per bill110126
Paid Treasury and ditto fees of 1,257l., for the Princesses, as per bill100123
Paid ditto fees of 2,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill10276
June 17Paid Mr. John Waltho for ‘Daily Courants’ sent to the Post Office between 25th Feb., 1734, and 28th June, 17359900037
Aug. 2Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,000l., for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Aug. 6Paid ditto fees of 6,000l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill306140
Paid Mr. Stephen Whatley, [royal] bounty500041
Paid Mr. Peter Leheup, for passing a Privy Seal for Sir Charles Wager to receive money for redemption of captives331640
Aug. 7Paid Monsieur Schick for the use of Monsieur Renard of Amsterdam, for a year's correspondency to midsummer, 1735500040
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 7,200l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill36740
Paid ditto fees of 5,058l., issued to Henry Walters, Esq., expended by him on His Majesty's service, as per bill25980
Aug. 21Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 1,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service as per bill7750
Paid Christopher Tilson, Esq., for publick warrants, &c.2876
Aug. 26Paid William Corbet, Esq., Sixpenny duty on 500l. as Mr. Speaker's allowance12100
Paid Mr. William Wilkins for ‘London Journalls’ delivered to the Post from the 16th March, 1733–4 to the last of June, 1735, and for writing14865043
Paid Mr. Choke [Chocke] for the Exchequer certificate, being for three years and odd months330
Aug. 28Paid William Corbet, Esq., for 5 days omitted in Mr. Speaker's warrant for the first table allowance4500
Aug. 28Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,500l. issued to me for His Majesty's service12776
Paid for transcribing this account220
Booklet 8., p. 1.
Aug. 28
Paid Samuel Buckley, Esq., for sundry charges and disbursements on His Majesty's service98014043
Paid the messengers of the Exchequer for sending some Land Tax Acts by express to Scotland as per bill1350
Paid ditto [sic for Exchequer] fees of 100l. issued to the Rev. Dr. Pearce for the sufferers by fire in St. Martin's Lane as per bill946
Paid ditto fees for 60l. issued to William Richards for persons concerned in apprehending Gregory, one being killed, as per bill646
Aug. 29Paid Capt. John Rutherford for the use of Mr. James Grant300044
Paid Treasury and Exchequer Fees of 6,500l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill331140
Sept. 6Paid ditto fees of 2,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill102120
Paid Mr. John Peele for several charges and disbursements by him made on His Majesty's special service175000
Paid Treasury and Exchequer Fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Sept. 18Paid John Munn, as His Majesty's Bounty1000051
Sept. 30Paid Treasury and Exchequer Fees for 7,500l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill38170
Sept. 30Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,000l. issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
Oct. 2Paid Mrs. Shepherd for the care of Mr. Fane's office to Michaelmas last600
Oct. 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer Fees for 1,000l. for His Royal Highness the Duke, as per bill11896
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l. for the Princesses, as per bill92150
Paid ditto fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Paid ditto fees and 6d. duty for the [salaries of the] Clerks of the Treasury2446
Paid Mr. Milling, minister at the Hague, for half a year, due at Michaelmas last2500
Oct. 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer Fees for 169l. expended by Samuel Buckley, Esq., for printing statutes for one of the colleges in the University of Oxford, as per bill1416
Paid the Treasury messengers for delivering large quantities of letters to several persons240052
Oct. 17Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 5,165l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill26500
Paid ditto fees of 2,000l., expended by Andrew Wilson, Esq, as per bill106166
Oct. 21Paid ditto fees of 1,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
Nov. 3Paid ditto fees of 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Nov. 8Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 5,000l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill256140
Paid fees of 860l. 16s., expended by William Richards on His Majesty's service, as per bill.5000
Paid ditto fees of 1,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
Nov. 10Paid Mr. John Waltho for “Gazetteers” sent to the Post Office between 1st July, 1735, and the 30th September following84613455
Nov. 14Paid Mr. Samuel Barnsley for necessarys for the office1010055
Nov. 19Paid Mrs. Winbesh for a quarter's newspapers to Michaelmas616
Nov. 27Paid Mr. Jost Schicke's bounty210055
Dec. 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Dec. 19Paid ditto fees of 6,471l. 17s. 6d., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill33060
Dec. 25I crave allowance, by virtue of a minute of the 20th August, 1720, confirmed September, 1722, for half a year to this day, 17357500
Dec. 30Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,000l issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
1735–6.
Jan. 3
1736.
Paid ditto fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill
84150
Paid ditto fees and 6d. duty for Xmas quarter for the clerk of the bill2440
Jan. 3Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 7,000l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service356140
Jan. 5Paid Mr. Arthur Pollard 6d. duty of 500l. of Mr. Speaker's allowance12100
Jan. 8Paid Mark Frecker, Esq., for rent of houses in Downing Street10800
Paid in passing a Commission appointing Harry Kelsall, Esq., a Commissioner of taxes, as per bill6816
Jan. 14Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,500l. expended by Mr John Sheppard on His Majesty's service, as per bill81160
Paid Mr. John Wace the rent of Lord Harrington's office for half a year due at Michaelmas last9500
Jan. 20Paid Mr. Winbish for newspapers to Christmas last636
Jan. 21Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,000l., expended by Mr. John Sheppard on His Majesty's service, as per bill106166
Paid ditto fees of 1,500l., for His Highness the Duke, as per bill110126
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l., for the Princesses, as per bill92146
Paid ditto fees for 400l., bounty to Miles Cook, as per bill3666
Feb. 5Paid Mr. John Walthoe for “Gazetteers” sent to the Post Office between the 30th Sept., 1735, and the 30th Dec. following86868159
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,900l., expended by Mr. John Shepherd on His Majesty's service, as per bill151176
Paid ditto fees for the Privy Purse 3,000l., as per bill84150
Feb. 5Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill10276
Feb. 6Paid ditto fees for 1,000l., issued to me for ditto service, as per bill5276
Paid T. Wood for the funeral of William Richards23120158
Feb. 7Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 100l., expended by Samuel Barnsley, as per bill8140
Paid Elinor Wren, bounty2000
Paid Mary Shepherd, ditto2000
Paid Sarah Beeton, ditto2000
Paid Ann Gassotie, ditto2000
Paid Mary Wotton, ditto500
Paid Hellen Waite, ditto500
Paid Christian Davis, ditto500
Paid Mary Yeats, ditto2000
Feb. 6Paid Catherine Littlemore, bounty2003
Paid Elizabeth Okes, ditto200
Feb. 9Paid Jane Walter, ditto2000
Paid Florance Turner, ditto1000
Paid Elizabeth Fish, ditto1000
Paid Patetia Ruthwen, ditto1000
Paid Ann Powell, ditto1000
Paid Elizabeth Sikes, ditto500
Paid Ann Fitzgerald, ditto1000
Paid James Touchet, ditto2000
Paid Elinor Bridge, ditto500
Paid Valentia Magniac, ditto1500
Paid Mary Allen, ditto500
Paid the widow of Lewis Peare, ditto500
Feb. 10Paid Alice Blenner, ditto1000
Feb. 10Paid Mrs. Francis Brevall, bounty2000
Paid Ann Rogerson, ditto500
Paid Mr. Alexander Carleton, ditto3000
Paid Sarah Eliot, ditto1000
Paid Rebecca Housley, ditto500
Paid Margaret Jerom, ditto500
Paid Sir Robert Adams, ditto2100
Paid Elizabeth Warren, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Peake, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Sarah Lee, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Ann Emes, ditto2000
Paid Ann and Elizabeth Curle, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Ann Pack, ditto1000
Feb. 10Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Irmell, bounty2000
Paid Elizabeth Brown, ditto500
Feb. 11Paid James Rossé, ditto4000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Colledge, ditto2000
Paid Roger Williams, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Mary Richards, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Sarah Westbrooke, ditto1000
Feb. 12Paid Mrs. Rebecca Weaver, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Ann Smith, ditto1000
Paid Mr. Richard Shergold for one year's course of Exchange to the last day of Dec., 1735280
Paid Mrs. Jane Gurlaw, bounty2000
Feb. 12Paid Mrs. Jane Kew, bounty2000
Feb. 13Paid Mr. Robert Harris, ditto4000
Paid Mrs. Catherine Moore, ditto1000
Paid Magnus Du Blair, ditto2000
Paid Mrs. Dorothea Skippon, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Deborah Reeves, ditto1000
Feb. 16Paid Martha Booth, ditto500
Paid Margaret South, ditto1000
Paid Elizabeth Quarme, ditto1000
Paid Mr. William Mann, ditto2000
Paid S. Smith, widow, ditto500
Feb. 17Paid Christopher Tilson, Esq., fees of publick warrants17126
Feb. 17Paid Mrs. Champfleury, bounty500
Paid Mrs. Ann Watkins, ditto500
Feb. 18Paid Mrs. Sarah Hewitt, ditto1200
Paid Jane Hayes, ditto1000
Feb. 19Paid Mary Mackay, ditto1000
Feb. 20Paid Mary Cheston, ditto1000
Paid Mary Curtis for John Boise2000
Paid Mrs. Phillis Churchill500
Paid Mrs. Squib, ditto1000
Feb. 23Paid Mr. William Arnall, as of His Majesty's bounty40000160
Feb. 24Paid Mrs. Sarah Matthews, bounty500
Paid Francis Banks, ditto500
Paid Edward Walford,ditto500
Feb. 26Paid Mr. Roger Mansuer, ditto2000
Feb. 26Paid Mrs. Mary Chevalier, bounty2000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Floyer, ditto1000
Paid Mr. Edward Lloyd, ditto4000
Paid ditto for the use of Roger Glanvill, ditto1000
Paid Ann Watkins, widow, ditto500
Feb. 27Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 6,400l., issued to John Scrope, as for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill326140
Paid ditto fees of 3,269l. 15s. 7d. expended by John Shepherd as per bill170196
March 3Paid ditto fees of 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse as per bill84150
Paid Prudence Vinckestyne, bounty1000
March 3Paid Mrs. Sarah Wright, bounty500
March 5Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,500l. issued to me for his Majesty's service as per bill7776
March 8Paid Roger Perry, bounty1000
March 17Paid Judith Langrish, ditto500
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Fownes, ditto2000
Paid Mr. Stephen Whatley, ditto5000162
Paid Dorothy Prat1000
Paid Ann Springold, ditto1000
1736.
March 31
Paid Mr. Edmond Jones, servant to Mr. Hanbury, ditto for the use of Mr. Trevor Morgan3000164
Paid the clerks of the Treasury Exchequer fees for Lady Day quarter, as per bill2446
March 31Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 6,600l., issued to John Scrope, for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill336140
Paid ditto fees for 1500l., for His Royal Highness the Duke, as per bill110126
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l. for their Royal Highnesses the Princesses, as per bill92150
April 3Paid ditto fees for 3,000l., for His Majesty's Privy Purse as per bill84150
April 17Paid ditto fees of 8,000l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill406140
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 4,000l., expended by John Shepherd as per bill206166
Paid ditto fees of 1,500l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill7776
April 19Paid Mr. John Wace for the rent of Lord Harrington's office for half a year due at Ladyday9500
Paid Mark Frecker, Esq., for rent of houses in Downing Street, half a year due at Ladyday10800
April 20Paid to Mr. William Fetherston, the land tax charged on the clerks of the Treasury for the year 1735138134
Paid Mrs. Shepherd, half a year to Lady-day last, for the care of the office of Henry Fane, Esq.600
Paid Mr. Arthur Pollard the 6d. duty of 500l. issued to Mr. Speaker on his table allowance12150
April 21Paid Catherine Finsham Say, bounty10100
Paid Charlotte Kimiter, ditto1005
April 21Paid Mrs. Sarah Thurkettle, bounty100030
Paid Jane Rex, ditto500
Paid George Liddel, Esq., 10l. on the bounty list and 5l. on the additional list, for the use of Mrs. Mary Selby as His Majesty's bounty1500
April 22Paid Giles Batcheler, bounty2000
Paid Mrs. Gilbert, ditto1000
Paid Mr. Daniel Molloy, ditto500
April 24Paid Mrs. Richards, ditto2000
Paid Elizabeth Derme, bounty1000
Paid Sarah Alexander for her mother Elizabeth Alexander, ditto1000
April 29Paid Mrs. Catherine Wilkinson, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Godfrey, ditto2000
April 30Paid the Reverend Mr. Robert Milling, minister of the English Church at the Hague half a year to Lady-day, 17362500
Paid Mary Ellison, widow, bounty550
Paid Mrs. Wimbish for newspapers to Ladyday last5104
May 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer 3000l., for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Paid the widow Stephens, bounty1000
Paid Mrs. Elizabeth Lucas, widow, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Catherine Taylor, ditto1000
Paid Mrs. Mary Orett, ditto1000
Paid Mr. Charles Lowndes for passing a Privy Seal for appointing Receivers General for 173628116
May 12Paid Mrs. Judith Weston, bounty3000
May 13Paid Mr. — Norton Defoe, ditto5000168
May 17Paid Mr. George Dowdall, ditto550168
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 8,725l. 12s. 4d., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for his Majesty's Secret Service44316
May 20Paid Catherine Taylor, additional bounty10100
Paid Mary Manley, ditto1050
Paid Margaret Curtiss, ditto500
May 27Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 7,750l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service39440
Paid in passing the Treasury Commission through the several offices, as per bill76170
June 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l., for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
June 7Paid ditto fees for 1,500l., issued to me for His Majesty, s service, as per bill7776
June 8Paid Mr. John Waltho for “Gazetteers” from the 1st January, 1735, to the 30th of March, 173688150167
Paid Mr, Thomas Arnall, bounty20000170
June 9Paid Mrs. Mary Egerton, ditto1000171
Paid Mr. Daniel Pevereau, for his expense in passing Her Majesty's Commission of Regent8186
June 10Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1500l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill7776
June 22Paid Mrs. Catherine Gregson, bounty2000172
June 23Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,820l., expended by Mr. John Shepherd on His Majesty's service, as per bill177146
June 24I crave allowance by virtue of a minute of the 20th of August, 1720, confirmed in September, 1722, for 6 months from Christmas last to this midsummer7500
June 25Paid William Offley, Esq., bounty3000
Paid Ann Whithorn, ditto1000
June 30Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 5,300l., issued to John Scrope, for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill271140
July 1Paid ditto fees for 2,000l., for the Duke, as per bill15576
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l., for the Princesses, as per bill100126
July 2Paid ditto fees for the Privy Purse 3,000l., as per bill93126
July 2Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees and 6d. duty for the Clerks of the Treasury, as per bill2446
Paid ditto fees for 1,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
Paid Monsieur Shicke, for the use of Monsieur Renard of Amsterdam for one year's correspondence to Midsummer last5000
Paid Mark Frecker, Esq., for the purchase of a piece of ground in a yard near Downing Street, for His Majesty's use20000168
July 5Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 8,000l., issued to Horatio Walpole, Esq., for his journey to Hanover156165
July 7Paid William Corbet, Esq., the 6d. duty out of 500l. of Mr. Speaker's table allowance12100
July 24Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,000l., issued to Mr. Pointz for the use of His Royal Highness the Duke107176
July 29Paid Christopher Tilson, Esq., fees of several warrants, &c.3100
Aug. 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l., for His Majesty's Privy Purse as per bill84150
Aug. 6Paid ditto fees of 6,450l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill32946
Aug. 11Paid ditto fees for 2,000l., expended by John Shepherd on His Majesty's service, as per bill106166
Aug. 12Paid Mr. Leheup for a warrant and stamps and entring at the Auditor's office for 6,000l. Virginia quit rents5168
Aug. 12Paid Mr. Joseph Wherritt for his service last Sessions2000179
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 1,500l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill7776
Aug. 13Paid Mrs. Winbish for a quarter's newspapers to midsummer4154
Paid Stephen Whatley, bounty5000181
Aug. 26Paid John Massabeky, bounty6000182
Sept. 1Paid Mr. Edward Bryant for a journey to Houghton1168181
Sept. 2Paid Treasury &c., fees of 3,000l., for the Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,979l. 18s. 0d., expended by Mr. John Shepherd on His Majesty's service, as per bill165186
Sept. 3Paid Mr. John Shepherd porterage for sending the annuity orders to the Lords' Houses080
Sept. 15Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees of 3,000l., issued to John Scrope for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill156140
Paid Mr. John Waltho for “Gazetteers” sent to the Post Office, from the 1st of April, 1736, to the 29th of June following89426184
Oct. 5Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Oct. 7Paid John Martin, Esq., for the expenses at the riot in Spittle Fields5000185
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 2,000l. for His Royal Highness the Duke, as per bill15570
Paid ditto fees for 1,257l., for the Princesses, as per bill96150
Oct. 7Paid 6d., duty for 50l., to Mr. Fane, 50l. to Mr. Jones the Solicitor, and 325l., for the Clerks, and 142l. 10s. 0d., [for] Mr. Man et al. as per hill24120
Paid Elinor Grimston, bounty2000190
Oct. 8Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,500l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill79126
Paid Mrs. Shepherd for the care of Mr. Fane's office for half a year to Michas. last600
Oct. 14Paid the Reverend Mr. Robert Milling, minister at the Hague for half a year to Michas. last2500
Oct. 16Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 5,000l., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill256140
Paid ditto fees for 2,900l., expended by Mr. John Shepherd, as per bill151166
Oct. 16Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 683l., issued to Mr. Selwyn for the use of their Royal Highnesses the Princesses56180
Nov. 2Paid ditto fees for 4,959l. 10s. 0d., issued to John Scrope, Esq., for his Majesty's Secret Service, as per bill249160
Paid Mr. Arthur Pollard the 6d. duty of 500l., being Mr. Speaker's table allowance12100
Nov. 3Paid Mr. Wace for half a year's rent for Lord Harrington's office, due Michaelmas last9500
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 3,000l. for his Majesty's Privy Purse, as per bill84150
Nov. 12Paid ditto fees for 2,000l. issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill10276
Nov. 13Paid Mr. John Walthoe for “Gazetteers” sent to the Post House, from the 1st of July to the 30th of September, 1736916134193
Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 360l. bounty, to Mr. John Oldmixon, as per bill3316
Nov. 23Paid Mark Frecker, Esq., rent for house and stables in Downing Street, half a year due at Michaelmas123150
Dec. 4Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 5,782l. issued to John Scrope, Esq., for His Majesty's Secret Service.295180
Paid ditto fees for 3,000l. for His Majesty's Privy Purse84150
Dec. 16Paid Christopher Tilson, Esq., for fees of public warrants, &c.1486
Dec. 17Paid Mr. John Shepherd for several journeys by him performed between the 3rd of March, 1735, and the 6th October, 17363150
Dec. 17Paid Treasury and Exchequer fees for 1,400l. expended on His Majesty's service by Mr. John Shepherd76166
Paid ditto fees of 1,500l., expended on ditto by Mr. John Andrews11786
Dec. 22Paid ditto fees for 1,000l., issued to me for His Majesty's service, as per bill5276
Dec. 23Paid Mr. Briant for his journey to Norfolk1568
Paid Mr. Mann for necessarys for the [Treasury] Office1306
Dec. 24Paid Mr. George Hawkins money expended by him on His Majesty's service14140202
I crave allowance by vertue of a minute of the 20th of August, 1720, confirmed in September, 1722, for 150l., per an. for half a year from Midsummer to Xmas, 17367500

Footnotes

1 King's Warrant Book VIII., pp. 188–9, 1690, October 22.
2 Ibid. VIII., p. 381, 1691, June 5.
3 Queen's Warrant Book XVI., p. 256.
4 Treasury Board Papers, XCVII., No. 112.
5 Treasury Board Papers, CLIV., No. 45.
6 Treasury Board Papers, CXCI., No. 36.
7 A later account of the Civil List, 1714, August 1, to 1715, September 29 (Treasury Book Papers, 192, No. 47), gives the items somewhat differently as follows:
£s.d.£s.d.
Pensions and annuities at the Exchequer19,3832
Pensions and annuities at the Excise13,86811
Pensions and annuities at the Post Office22,744120
55,996511¼
Bounties in gross15,82912
Edward Godfrey for pensions and charities31,97636
Duke of Montrose for Secret Service2,75000
Secretary Stanhope2,25000
Lord Townshend2,25000
William Lowndes10,00000
William Bromley, late Secretary of State427711½17,677711½
Jewels or presents to Foreign Ministers12,99953
Contingencies of divers natures51,1301
8 King's Warrant Book, XIX., p 281.
9 The general letters of Privy Seal here referred to merely provide for the continuance of issues and receipts (i.e., of transacting business generally) at the Exchequer, which was, of course, constitutionally and theoretically suspended by the decease of Queen Anne. The letters are, themselves, practically copies of the general letters of Privy Seal issued by Queen Anne herself on the 13th March, 1 Anne for an exactly similar purpose. They are, therefore, perfectly general, and have no special reference whatever to Lowther or the King's Money. They are as follow:
Privy Seal Books, Pells., 1 Geo. I., p. 1.
General letters of Privy Seal.
George by the Grace of God King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c., to our High Treasurer, Chancellor, and under Treasurer of our Exchequer, now being, and to our High Treasurer, Chancellor, and under Treasurer of our Exchequer or Commissioners of our Treasury for the time being greeting. Our will and pleasure is, and we do hereby direct, authorize, and command that out of any of our Treasure or Revenue, from time to time being, and remaining in the receipt of our Exchequer, you issue and pay, or cause to be issued and paid, all such sum and sums of money for any public or particular uses or services, is we, by any warrant or warrants under our Royal sign manual shall direct and appoint, the said sum or sums of money respectively to be paid to such officer or other persons, by way of imprest or otherwise, and in such manner and form in all respects as by such warrant or warrants shall be required or directed. And these our letters, &c.
Given under our Privy Seal, at our Palace of Westminster, the 29th day of September, in the 1st year of our reign.
Anno, 1714. Ex. Geo. Sawyer.
10 Doubtless an erratum for January.