S. E. T. c. I.
Affairs in Brittany.
Recall of Spanish
59. Isabella to Doctor De Puebla.
Virtuous and intimate friend. When 3 (their Highnesses) (fn. 1)
ordered their 87 (troops) to leave 136 (Brittany), 81 (the
treaty) of 64 (peace) was concluded and proclaimed between
8 (the King of France) and 188 (the King of the Romans).
It seemed, therefore, well that they should come and repose
here, since they were not wanted 82 (in Brittany). 97 (the
troops) were no longer able to sustain themselves, being
entirely unprovided. The contrary winds at 162 (sea) had 39
(not) permitted their Highnesses to send them the money,
which was ready in Bilboa. As they were 39 (no) longer
able to support themselves, it was necessary that they should
return, and 3 (their Highnesses) gave the orders, of which
you have been informed by Don Martin, their chaplain.
They were persuaded that they should be able to send in the
present 72 (month) more 114 (succour), and bad already
decided to send 74 (additional) 97 (troops). It would not
have been difficult to do so if 97 (the troops), when recalled,
had returned without loss of time. But the Bretons had so
long delayed giving them the necessary transports, that they
arrived 156 (just) at the moment when it was time for them
to return with other (troops). They were in so wretched
a condition that it was necessary to spend, on their equipment,
a great part of the money destined for the said 74
(additional) 97 (troops).
Such being the state of things, events have happened, of
which you are acquainted, and for which 3 (their Highnesses)
are very sorry, but which they intend to remedy as though the
affair were their own. Great preparations are necessary, for
97 (troops) must 39 (not) only be sent to those places where
they are wanted, but war must also be made against the
163 (armies) of 8 (the King of France) in the other parts of
his 171 (dominions). Moreover, the state of things in 102
(Granada) must be well considered, since they can 39 (not)
leave the places there unprovided for, without evident danger
of 91 (losing) all they have 92 (gained) in 102 (Granada).
232. (But) although 439 (aid) was formerly promised, after
the business of 102 (Granada) had been provided for in the
usual manner, their Highnesses intend 146 (now), in consequence
of what has happened, to occupy themselves without
loss of time with this matter. In order to be at liberty to do
what is necessary, without considering the question whether
the towns of 102 (Granada) be 90 (conquered) or 39 (not) 90
(conquered), they are constructing a 88 (fortress) there (fn. 2) , in
which they intend to have good 97 (troops), and all that
is necessary to 94 (besiege) 102 (Granada), or at least to
watch her so closely that it shall 39 (not) be necessary to
94 (besiege) her now. The edifice is already in such a state,
and the work is being carried on with such expedition, that
within one 72 (month) and a half it will be finished, with the
help of God ; and no further danger need be feared ; so that
4 (the King) (as abovesaid) will be at liberty to occupy
himself with what is of more importance, without being in
future detained by the business of 102 (Granada), as he has
|King of France,
Of all this you must 89 (give) a full account to 10 (the
King of England) in order that he may see how great has
been the zeal of 3 (their Highnesses) for 178 (Brittany) and
... (fn. 3) , and that he may know why their 97 (troops) can 39
(not) 42 (at present) enter on the campaign, and also that he may
be made aware of the great efforts 3 (their Highnesses) are
now making and intend to make in order that, the business of
102 (Granada) once settled, nothing may prevent them in
future, by the blessing of God, from doing what they have to
do for the 29 (good) of all. You must likewise beseech the
said 10 (King of England) to consider ... (fn. 4) , and to all,
and how necessary to 3 (their Highnesses) it is, first to provide
for this (which is of so much importance to them) in order to
be at liberty 147 (hereafter). You must ask him to send
such 114 (succour) and such forces, where they are necessary,
as that 78 (the Duchess of Brittany) be 39 (not) 91
(lost), but guarded from all losses and inconveniences, till he
(Ferdinand) come in person or send succour, and their
Highnesses be at liberty to occupy themselves with all that
is necessary in this affair. You must further inform him of
the manner in which 8 (the King of France) and 9 (Madame
de Bourbon ?) are accustomed to make those, whom they
wish to disunite, suspicious of one another. For this purpose
they do not cease sending 40 (ambassadors) to 3 (their Highnesses)
who can 39 (not) help [it], and must return an
answer. Even 146 (now), it is said, he is sending an 40
(embassy) consisting of a prelate and a knight, and 3 (their
Highnesses) are sure he does 39 (not) do it 38 (if) 39 (not) for
78 (the Duchess of Brittany), and to entertain them, and also
to sow suspicion and 64 (distrust) between 3 (their Highnesses)
and their friends. They believe that he does the
same with 10 (the King of England) in respect to 3 (their
Highnesses). Tell him all this, and send his answers directly
to 3 (their Highnesses) by the bearer of this letter, who is
sent for no other purpose.—26th May 1491.
Addressed : "To my special friend, Doctor De Puebla,
ambassador in England."
Indorsed : "Ad literam in verbis Latinis explanavi et
significavi à 10 (à el Rey de lnglaterra—Regi Angliœ.)
Spanish and Arabic numbers used as cipher. (fn. 5) pp. 5.
B. R. V. 3686.
ff. 119, 120.
60. Ferdinand and Isabella to the Archdeacon Of Zamora
and the Bachelor Sasiola.
There is a difference between the treaties which have been
concluded and the instructions they have now taken with
them. If, as is probable, Henry VII. be inclined to accept
the stipulations of the former treaty, Ferdinand and Isabella
would much prefer it.
They must take the greatest care to amend the clause respecting
They will find a cipher alphabet in this letter, of which
they may make use, if anything important occurs.
From the Royal Camp before Granada, 12th of September
Spanish. p. 1.
7 Hen. VII.
m. 16. (13.)
61. Henry VII. to D. De Castro.
Licence to Didaco de Castro, merchant, of Spain, to
trade in all places in amity with England.—Westminster,
Latin. p. ¼.
|S. E. T. c. I.
England and Spain.
62. Projected Treaty between England and Spain.
A treaty has been concluded on the 27th of March between
England and Spain respecting the marriage of Katharine
and Prince Arthur, and mutual war against "the Prince
of the French, who styles himself King of France."
The exact time when the war is to begin—the manner in
which it is to be conducted—the time at which the Princess
is to be sent to England, and the first instalment of her
marriage portion paid, — and the question whether her
ornaments and jewels are to be deducted from the portion,
remain unsettled. Ferdinand and Isabella on the one part,
and Henry VII. on the other part, have therefore agreed
upon the following clauses :—
1. As Henry, after the 27th of March, has concluded an
alliance with the King of the Romans against the "Prince
of the French," it is thought desirable that the clauses of
both treaties, in so far as the war against France is concerned,
should agree together. It is therefore concluded, that—
|King of France.
2. If Charles invade any territory belonging to England
or Spain,—or undertake war by land or sea against either of
the said countries, —or if any French subject make such
war, and adequate reparation cannot be obtained from
Charles,—or if the duchy of Brittany be attacked by France,
the injured party may declare war against France, and
formally make known his declaration of war to the other
uninjured party. If, moreover, within one year after the said
announcement, the injured party personally invade France
at the head of an army sufficiently strong to sustain itself
and to carry on the war in France, the other shall do the like
at the same time, each party paying his own expenses.
|Duchess of Brittany.
If the Duchess of Britany be attacked, it is sufficient that
she make war against France to the best of her power.
Either of the contracting powers is excused from continuing
the war, if Charles restore to Spain her counties of Roussillon
and Cerdaña, and to England the duchies of Normandy and
3. Charles has offended all his neighbours, despoiled many
of their patrimony, and even usurped territories belonging
to Spain, England, and Brittany. Ferdinand and Henry,
therefore, bind themselves, directly after the lapse of three
years, or earlier if convenient, to declare war against Charles,
and in their own persons to invade France with an army
sufficiently strong to sustain itself, to repel the enemy, and to
conquer the territories which Charles has taken from them.
This war is to be carried on by land and by sea for the space
of two years without interruption, unless England conquers
earlier, and obtains possession of Normandy and Aquitaine ;
and Spain of the countries of Roussillon and Cerdaña.
If Ferdinand or Henry should be prevented by insuperable
impediments, such, for instance, as severe illness, from invading
France in his own person, he is to send an army as strong as
it would have been had he commanded it in person, and to
select an able captain for it.
4. If the war against France should, for any reason, be
put off to a later time, all the other clauses of this treaty are
to remain in full force, even if the prorogation shall be agreed
upon by simple letters which do not bear the great seal.
5. During the space of three years from the date of this
treaty either of the contracting parties is at liberty to conclude
truce with France, except in case war has really begun.
6. Conquered towns, &c. are to be restored to their rightful
|Marriage of the
7. As soon as Prince Arthur shall have completed his
fourteenth, and the Princess Katherine her twelfth year, she is
to be sent to England at the expense of her parents, in order
that their marriage may take place.
The marriage portion is to consist of 200,000 scudos (4s. 2d.
each), of which sum 100,000 scudos are to be paid within
four days before or after the celebration of the marriage,
50,000 scudos within the next, and the remaining 50,000
within the second year. The payments must be made in
England either in coin or vessels ; and ornaments of gold and
silver must be estimated according to their value in England
at the time of payment.
8. All these clauses to have full force notwithstanding all
stipulations to the contrary in former treaties ; but such
clauses of the former treaty are to remain in force as are not
abrogated by this treaty.—No date.
Indorsed : "The treaty which the King of England asked
and desired to conclude with my sovereign Lords, the
King and the Queen of Spain."
Draft. Latin. pp. 19.
P. R. O.
7 Hen. VII.
m. 26. (3.)
63. Henry VII.—Articles respecting a War with
1. The King of England and the King and Queen of Spain
bind themselves to declare war upon France before the
15th day of April next ensuing. King Ferdinand and King
Henry promise to invade France in their own persons, at
the head of an army sufficiently strong to withstand the
enemy, and to conquer all the provinces usurped by the King
of France. The campaign is to begin before the 15th of
May, or at least before the 15th of June next ensuing.
2. Should any difficulties arise, the term for the invasion of
France may be postponed.
3. In all other respects the treaty of the 27th March 1489
4. Henry binds himself punctually to fulfil all his obligations
arising out of this agreement.
Westminster, 22nd November.
Latin. p. 1, in print.
Printed in Rymer.
|S. L. de B.
Vol. xiii. f. 155.
Impositions to be
levied by the Pope.
64. Pope Innocent VIII. to Peter Husa, Archdeacon Of
Greeting and benediction to the King of England. He is
to show the brief.
The finances of the Apostolic See are in a very low state.
Has, therefore, as in other kingdoms, for instance, in France,
already levied a tenth on the clergy. Wishes to do the same
in England, and asks the permission of Henry. He must
inquire with great subtlety and great secrecy (so that no
one else may know of it) whether Henry be inclined to permit
He must afterwards go to the Archbishops of Canterbury
and York, give them the papal benediction, and explain the
whole matter to them, saying that His Holiness hopes they
will assist him.—No date.
Latin. pp. 2.