S. E. R.
L. 847. f. 63.
Bull of the Pope
against the king of
102. Bull of Pope Alexander VI.
1. Had often admonished the King of France not to come
2. Charles had nevertheless come with a great army, and
seized upon the patrimony of Holy Church, while his soldiers
had committed many murders, robbed and burnt houses, &c.,
in Rome and in the neighbourhood.
3. Charles took with him, to the great scandal of the
Apostolic Faith, Zizmo, brother of the "tyrant of the Turks,"
who has died in captivity.
4. Charles occupied Terracina and Civita Vecchia, and entered
Sicily on this side the Pharo, which belongs to the Church.
5. He had proposed to Charles to march against the Turks,
but this proposal had been rejected. After Charles had taken
possession of Naples he returned to France with his great
army, committing horrible cruelties, murdering women and
children in the churches, and behaving more furiously than
even the Turks.
6. Through his entry into Pisa, Sienna, and other towns, he
had violated the jurisdiction of the Holy Roman empire,
which is under the protection of the Holy Roman Church.
7. Charles had fought a bloody battle against the Venetians
and Milanese, who had defended their territory, and
8. Has ordered new levies in the whole of France.
"If I were to remain quiet, I should be like a dumb
dog who cannot bark, and I therefore cite thee, Charles,
before our Court, together with thy counts and barons,
thy captains and knights, and every one of thy soldiers
who are with thee in Italy, and all thy abettors and confederates,
also all those who, in this affair, are giving or shall
give counsel, favour, and assistance to thee, of whatever
rank, condition, or dignity they may be, whether ecclesiastics
or laymen, to see and hear the pains and penalties pronounced
against the disobedient."—Given at Rome in the
Palace of St. Peter, 5th of August 1495.
Indorsed : "Translation of the brief of the Pope to the
King of France."
Spanish translation. pp. 4.
S. E. T. c. I.
103. Ferdinand and Isabella to De Puebla.
Have received his letter of the 21st of July sent through
Pedro de Salamanca, merchant, and another letter sent soon
afterwards by a servant of his. None of the other letters
of which he speaks in his last have arrived. Will, henceforth,
always send duplicates of their letters by the next messenger,
and continue sending them until it be known that one copy
at least has reached his hands. He is to do the same.
entry of Henry VII
into the league.
Henry wished to have been included as a member of the
league. That was impossible, because the Pope, having the
King of France before the gates of Rome, had pressed so much
for the conclusion of the league that their ambassadors had not
had even time to communicate with them ; but he may still
become a member of the league if he wishes it. Nothing
more is necessary except to say so, and to write a simple
letter to the Pope declaring his adhesion. A copy of the
treaty, by which the league was concluded, is enclosed. Have
made marginal notes on it, expressing their opinion with
regard to the accession of Henry to the league. The aim of
the league is to preserve the patrimony of the Church and the
dominions of the confederates. Henry will therefore gain much
by entering it, for he will thereby tie the hands of the King
of the Romans, so that he will no longer be able to assist the
person who calls himself Duke of York, or any other enemy
King of the
The King of the Romans is inclined to be reconciled to
Henry, and to turn him (fn. 1) out. Have written to their
ambassadors at the court of Maximilian to use every means
in order to procure his reconciliation with Henry, and to
inform De Puebla of what they have done. He is to acquaint
them also with what he has done. It seems to be a favourable
moment for the reconciliation of Henry with the King of the
Romans, now that the latter has got rid of the so-called
Duke of York, that being a thing which Henry seems to
Duke of York.
Are very glad to hear that the person who styles himself
Duke of York had not invaded England, but had gone away.
Henry is more at liberty now to do what it becomes him to
do, and the so-called Duke of York seems to have turned
out to be an impostor (burla).
Marriage of the
They are very much pleased with the marriage between the
Princess Katharine and the Prince of Wales. De Puebla is
to put the treaty concerning it in writing, but must not sign
it before he has communicated with them. The reconciliation
of Henry and the signing of the treaty of marriage must
take place at the same time.
King of France.
Have already written that they are much pleased with the
assurance of Henry that he is quite at liberty to make war
or peace with the King of France. Henry must be very
careful that the King of France do not make himself still
more powerful than he is, because it is impossible to trust in
his friendship, and because he keeps his promises so badly,
even to friends. Henry must be on his guard against his
enemies in England and abroad. But if he enter into an
alliance with Spain, with the King of the Romans, and with
the other members of the league, and especially with the Pope,
he will have power to do what he likes in England, and even
in France. He ought to enter into the league, arm his realm,
and be ready to make war upon France as soon as Spain and
the King of the Romans begin war. De Puebla is to communicate
all Henry does, and all tidings about England and
Spain, in common writing, without cipher. Alvarez will
communicate the news from Spain and Italy to him. If De
Puebla do not think it expedient to speak of the war against
France, he may in that case only speak about the entry of
Henry into the league.
Respecting the merchants, De Puebla is to do his best.
There is not sufficient time to make a copy of the treaty of
the league. It will be sent by the next messenger. The essence
of it is that all the members of the league must succour the
Pope and the Church, and assist one another in the defence of
their states. Henry would be acting wisely by entering into
it, and by arming in order to be ready for war, not only with
France, but also with the so-called Duke of York.
If Henry be willing to enter the league, he must, in his
letter to the Pope, declare his simple adhesion, without
adding anything else. In case, however, that he desire to
have some of the clauses altered, he may write a separate
letter to them about the matter, and they will take care that
the conditions on which he is accepted shall be according to
his wishes. The Pope, the King of the Romans, Spain,
Venice, and Milan represent a great portion of Christendom,
and if Henry enter into a league with them, he will have to
help them all against France (which in one year has robbed
the Pope, the King of the Romans, and Milan,) until his
expenses have amounted to 50,000 gold ducats ; (fn. 2) on the other
hand, he will be assisted by them all to the same amount, if
the King of France or the so-called Duke of York should
make war upon him. This assistance will prove to be
most valuable to him.
Alliance with the
King of the
Besides this general league there ought to be a more special
alliance concluded between them, the King of the Romans and
Henry, in order to provide for the case of aggressive war
against France. If one of the allies invade France in person,
or by a captain, the other allies are bound to do the same,
and to make no peace until France shall have restored to
them all that she has taken from them, and made amends for
all insults offered to them.
(Marginal note : This was concluded by the King of the
the Romans, then by the King of England, and afterwards by
Though it is known that the King of the Romans is willing
to be reconciled with the King of England, his conditions
are not known. The Spanish ambassadors at the court of
Maximilian will communicate them to De Puebla. Great
despatch is necessary. Henry must write immediately to the
Pope, declaring his adhesion to the league. He must also
openly proclaim it. The conditions shall be arranged afterwards.
His entry into it will give him great advantages as
respects the internal affairs of England, and at the same time
benefit his allies.
De Puebla must obtain from Henry all that is set down
here, and send messengers to Spain daily.
Tarazona, 22nd of August.
Ambassador of the
King of Scotland.
After the above despatch had been written, an ambassador
from the King of Scotland arrived in Spain, and is now only
two leagues distant from their residence. Are very glad that
this embassy has been sent, because they will induce the King
of Scots not to aid the so-called Duke of York. In order to
make more sure of him, they will persuade him to enter the
league—if Henry should like it. Henry must, without delay,
make them acquainted with his wishes.
No date on the draft. On the ciphered despatch : "Tarazona,
24th of August."
Draft. Spanish. pp. 12. The despatch went in cipher.
The ciphered copy is extant.